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Arkiveringsdatum 211104:

Human Rights Watch 21-11-03:

Internationellt/ Alternatives to Immigration Detention till sidans topp

Pilot programs point way to rights-respecting models

Pilot programs testing alternatives to immigration detention in several countries, including the United States, offer governments models for more humane and rights-respecting approaches, Human Rights Watch said in a report released today.

The 94-page report "Dismantling Detention: International Alternatives to Detaining Immigrants," examines alternatives to detention in six countries: Bulgaria, Cyprus, Spain, the United Kingdom, Canada, and the United States. Human Rights Watch found that alternatives to detention such as case management services, can effectively address government interests in immigration enforcement while protecting migrants' rights and often offering a range of other benefits.

"Detaining people based solely on their immigration status is harmful, expensive, and ineffective as a deterrent," said Jordana Signer, Sandler Fellow in the Refugee and Migrant Rights Division at Human Rights Watch. "Instead of penalizing people who may have fled violence and other injustices, governments should protect their rights and provide them with critical services, such as legal assistance, mental health support, and housing."

Human Rights Watch interviewed 27 people in alternative programs across the six countries as well as service providers, social workers, lawyers, and members of civil society organizations.

Based on the findings, governments should replace immigration detention with community-based case management programs that provide a holistic set of services, including access to legal aid and guidance on securing basic necessities such as housing and employment, Human Rights Watch said. Given the existence of less intrusive alternatives, ankle monitors and other devices that provide continuous location tracking should be banned.

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Arkiveringsdatum 211018:

Amnesty International 21-10-08:

Libyen/ Unlawful lethal force and mass arrests in unprecedented migrant crackdown till sidans topp

Libyan security forces and militias in Tripoli have used unlawful lethal force and other violence in an unprecedented roundup of over 5,000 men, women and children from Sub-Saharan Africa and are holding them in horrid conditions where torture and sexual abuse are rampant, said Amnesty International.

On 1 October, armed men from militias and security forces affiliated with Libya's Interior Ministry violently broke into homes and temporary shelters in the Gargaresh area in Tripoli, home to a sizable population of refugees and migrants, firing rounds of live ammunition, damaging belongings and stealing valuables. Terrified migrants and refugees, including several registered with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), were then transferred to detention centres in Tripoli, where they are denied regular and confidential access to UNHCR and other humanitarian agencies and subjected to torture and other ill-treatment.

"Libyan forces have a harrowing record of subjecting refugees and migrants to unimaginable horrors with impunity. Using unlawful lethal force to capture thousands of unarmed men, women and children solely on the basis of their race is a new low and lays bare the authorities' utter disregard for the lives and dignity of refugees and migrants," said Diana Eltahawy, Deputy Director for the Middle East and North Africa at Amnesty International.

"We urge the Libyan authorities to immediately release all those arbitrarily detained solely on the basis of their migration status and to launch investigations into all incidents of unlawful use of force, torture and sexual violence. In the interim, authorities should ensure that those in detention are treated humanely, held in conditions that meet international standards and granted unimpeded access to UNHCR and other humanitarian actors without delay."

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SvT Utrikes 21-10-09: Sex ihjälskjutna i migrantförvar i Libyen (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 210701:

Amnesty International 21-06-17:

Kanada/ Canada: Abuse, Discrimination in Immigration Detention till sidans topp

Canada incarcerates thousands of people, including those with disabilities, on immigration-related grounds every year in often abusive conditions, Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International said today in a joint report ahead of World Refugee Day on June 20.

The 100-page report, "'I Didn't Feel Like a Human in There': Immigration Detention in Canada and Its Impact on Mental Health," documents how people in immigration detention, including those fleeing persecution and seeking protection in Canada, are regularly handcuffed, shackled, and held with little to no contact with the outside world. With no set release date, they can be held for months or years. Many are held in provincial jails with the regular jail population and are often subjected to solitary confinement. Those with psychosocial disabilities - or mental health conditions - experience discrimination throughout the process.

"Canada's abusive immigration detention system is in stark contrast to the rich diversity and the values of equality and justice that Canada is known for globally," said Ketty Nivyabandi, secretary general of Amnesty International Canada. "Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch call on the Canadian authorities to end the inhumane treatment of people in the immigration and refugee protection system by gradually ending immigration detention in Canada."

The research included 90 interviews with former immigration detainees and their relatives, mental health experts, academics, lawyers, civil society representatives, and government officials. Researchers also reviewed relevant reports and UN documents, as well as unpublished government documents obtained through 112 access to information requests.

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Human Rights Watch 21-07-04: For Canada's immigration detainees with disabilities, even fewer rights are afforded (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 210616:

Human Rights Watch 21-06-15:

Bangladesh/ UN Shared Rohingya Data Without Informed Consent till sidans topp

Bangladesh Provided Myanmar Information that Refugee Agency Collected

The United Nations refugee agency improperly collected and shared personal information from ethnic Rohingya refugees with Bangladesh, which shared it with Myanmar to verify people for possible repatriation, Human Rights Watch said today. The agency did not conduct a full data impact assessment, as its policies require, and in some cases failed to obtain refugees' informed consent to share their data with Myanmar, the country they had fled.

Since 2018 the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has registered hundreds of thousands of Rohingya refugees in Bangladeshi camps and the Bangladesh government has issued them identity cards, which are needed for essential aid and services. Bangladesh then used the information, including analog photographs, thumbprint images, and other biographic data to submit refugee details to the Myanmar government for possible repatriation.

"The UN refugee agency's data collection practices with Rohingya in Bangladesh were contrary to the agency's own policies and exposed refugees to further risk," said Lama Fakih, crisis and conflict director at Human Rights Watch. "UNHCR should only allow data that it collects to be shared with countries of origin when it has properly obtained free and informed consent from participants."

Since 2016, over 800,000 Rohingya from Myanmar were expelled or fled crimes against humanity and acts of genocide across the border to Bangladesh. The Myanmar government continues to carry out the crimes against humanity of apartheid and persecution against the remaining Rohingya population.

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Arkiveringsdatum 210520:

Amnesty International 21-05-18:

Zeeland/ Please take me to a safe place: The imprisonment of asylum seekers till sidans topp

This research report highlights the experiences of refugees and asylum seekers sent to New Zealand's prisons whilst their asylum claims are being processed. Asylum seekers described ill treatment in prison from other criminal detainees and lack of due process in considering their claims. The New Zealand government must end harmful detention practices, in particular placing immigration detainees in prisons which is a clear violation of international human rights law.

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Arkiveringsdatum 210402:

Human Rights Watch 21-03-30:

Jordanien/ Jordan: Yemeni asylum seekers deported till sidans topp

Jordanian authorities have deported at least four Yemeni asylum seekers registered with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and have issued deportation orders against others who made asylum claims, Human Rights Watch said today. The authorities handed down most of the deportation orders after the Yemenis attempted to apply for work permits and regularize their immigration status in the country.

As of March 16, 2021, Jordan hosted 13,843 Yemeni refugees and asylum seekers, according to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). Since January 2019, a Jordanian regulation has effectively prevented UNHCR from recognizing anyone but Syrians as refugees, leaving many without access to humanitarian services and at risk of deportation.

"Jordan's reputation for welcoming refugees is tarnished if it sends people back who are at serious risk of harm in their home countries," said Michael Page, deputy Middle East director at Human Rights Watch. "Jordanian authorities need to match words with deeds by allowing individuals to safely make asylum claims and get services available to other refugee groups such as work permits."

Human Rights Watch interviewed 13 Yemeni asylum seekers and refugees between late January and mid-March, including 4 deported to Yemen since November 2020 and 8 in Jordan who face deportation orders, which can be enforced at any moment. Eight said the deportation decisions were handed down after they applied to the Interior Ministry for work permit approvals.

Human Rights Watch also spoke in February with a Yemeni refugee who volunteers to help detained asylum seekers obtain legal aid. The volunteer said that detentions, deportation decisions, and actual deportations have all increased since mid-2020. The volunteer said that prior to mid-2020, the authorities usually did not require Yemenis to drop their refugee or asylum seeker status to obtain a work permit.

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Arkiveringsdatum 210314:

Amnesty International 21-02-18:

Malaysia/ Deportation to Myanmar puts lives in danger till sidans topp

Amnesty International Malaysia is aghast at the Malaysian government's planned efforts with the Myanmar military to deport 1,200 people back to Myanmar on 23 February 2021.

Mass deportation exercises carried out with little transparency contravenes Malaysia's obligations to respect and protect the rights of migrants and refugees, and risks endangering their lives. Widespread crackdown on dissidents following the military coup in Myanmar on 1 February puts those due to be deported at further risk of human rights violations.

"The Malaysian Immigration authorities claim their 'repatriation program' does not involve refugees or asylum seekers, but how have they determined this if the UN has been prevented from accessing people in immigration detention for over one and a half years?," asked Katrina Jorene Maliamauv, Executive Director of Amnesty International Malaysia.

"The Malaysian government is recklessly imperilling the lives of over 1,000 Myanmar people by deporting them under a curtain of secrecy to a country in the middle of a coup marred by human rights violations."

The Malaysian government has not permitted the United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) to access immigration detention centres since August 2019. The international body has not been able to visit detention centres to identify asylum seekers and refugees, and facilitate their release, leaving them to languish in captivity. The arbitrary and indefinite detention of migrants, asylum seekers and refugees is in violation of international human rights law.

"The Malaysian government must ensure there is a guarantee of safety for returnees," said Katrina.

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Amnesty International 21-02-22: Rohingya stranded in Indian Ocean must be immediately rescued and disembarked to place of safety (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 210226:

Amnesty International 21-02-18:

Malaysia/ Deportation to Myanmar puts lives in danger till sidans topp

Amnesty International Malaysia is aghast at the Malaysian government's planned efforts with the Myanmar military to deport 1,200 people back to Myanmar on 23 February 2021.

Mass deportation exercises carried out with little transparency contravenes Malaysia's obligations to respect and protect the rights of migrants and refugees, and risks endangering their lives. Widespread crackdown on dissidents following the military coup in Myanmar on 1 February puts those due to be deported at further risk of human rights violations.

"The Malaysian Immigration authorities claim their 'repatriation program' does not involve refugees or asylum seekers, but how have they determined this if the UN has been prevented from accessing people in immigration detention for over one and a half years?," asked Katrina Jorene Maliamauv, Executive Director of Amnesty International Malaysia.

"The Malaysian government is recklessly imperilling the lives of over 1,000 Myanmar people by deporting them under a curtain of secrecy to a country in the middle of a coup marred by human rights violations."

The Malaysian government has not permitted the United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) to access immigration detention centres since August 2019. The international body has not been able to visit detention centres to identify asylum seekers and refugees, and facilitate their release, leaving them to languish in captivity. The arbitrary and indefinite detention of migrants, asylum seekers and refugees is in violation of international human rights law.

"The Malaysian government must ensure there is a guarantee of safety for returnees," said Katrina.

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OHCHR News 21-02-24: UN experts appalled by deportation of migrants to Myanmar despite court order (Extern länk)

Reuters 21-02-20: UN, U.S. voice concern as Myanmar ships arrive to pick up detainees (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 210125:

PHR 21-01-12:

USA/ Praying for Hand Soap and Masks till sidans topp

By Katherine Peeler, MD, Harvard, Parsa Erfani, Caroline H. Lee, Nishant Uppal

Health and Human Rights Violations in U.S. Immigration Detention during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Physical and psychological abuse and inadequate medical care have long been documented in U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) facilities, where previous infectious disease outbreaks were poorly contained. In 2020, as the COVID-19 pandemic spread across the United States, it became clear that ICE's continued negligence, coupled with the vast expansion of U.S. immigration detention, would likely lead to a public health disaster.

Given the lack of transparent data and the severe health risks in congregate settings caused by the pandemic, Physicians for Human Rights (PHR) staff and Harvard Medical School faculty and students sought to document conditions experienced by people recently released from U.S. immigration detention.

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Information reported by the interviewees uncovered significant shortcomings in ICE's response to the virus. Staff efforts to inform people about COVID-19 were limited and inconsistent. The vast majority of respondents (85 percent) first heard about COVID-19 in detention by watching the news on television, while ICE staff in some facilities attempted to downplay the significance of COVID-19 and actively prevented people from learning about the virus from the news by asking them to change the television channel.

Nearly all immigrants interviewed were unable to maintain social distance throughout the detention center.

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Arkiveringsdatum 201218:

Human Rights Watch 20-12- 15:

Saudiarabien/ Migrants held in inhuman, degrading conditions till sidans topp

Detained migrants allege torture, killing in detention, fears of Covid-19

A deportation center in Riyadh is holding hundreds of mostly Ethiopian migrant workers in conditions so degrading that they amount to ill-treatment, Human Rights Watch said today. Detainees alleged to Human Rights Watch that they are held in extremely overcrowded rooms for extended periods, and that guards have tortured and beaten them with rubber-coated metal rods, leading to at least three allegations of deaths in custody between October and November. The Saudi authorities should immediately release the most vulnerable detainees and ensure that detention is only used as an exceptional measure of last resort. It should immediately end any torture and other ill-treatment, and ensure that detention conditions meet international standards.

"Saudi Arabia, one of the world's richest countries, has no excuse for detaining migrant workers in appalling conditions, in the middle of a health pandemic, for months on end," said Nadia Hardman, refugee and migrant rights researcher at Human Rights Watch. "Video footage of people crammed together, allegations of torture, and unlawful killings are shocking, as is the apparent unwillingness of the authorities to do anything to investigate conditions of abuse and hold those responsible to account."

In November 2020 Human Rights Watch spoke by telephone with seven Ethiopian migrants detained in a deportation center in Riyadh, and with two Indian men who were detained in the same facility before they were deported. The majority of detainees were arrested and detained by the authorities because they did not hold valid residency permits.

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Human Rights Watch 20-12- 10:

Kanada/ "No Justice, No Truth" for Canada's Immigration Detainees till sidans topp

"The reason I came [to Canada] is to seek refuge, but the punishment I got for that - I never experienced that anywhere else," Ebrahim Toure testified on November 16th from the Toronto Immigration Holding Centre at his detention review hearing, which we monitored on behalf of Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International.

Over his 10 years in Canada, Toure unsuccessfully applied for asylum and sat through approximately 70 detention review hearings, where the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) argued he should be incarcerated, claiming he is unlikely to show up to be deported. Toure spent five and a half years in immigration detention - between 2013 and 2018 - mostly in a maximum-security jail, despite never being charged with a crime in Canada, while CBSA tried to obtain identity documents necessary to deport him.

CBSA officers have enormous discretion to exercise one of the most invasive acts a government can take against individuals: depriving them of their liberty. Canada remains one of only a few countries without a cap on the length of immigration detention. This immense power creates the conditions for serious human rights violations, including arbitrary and indefinite detention.

Despite Canada's international reputation as a safe haven, Toure's case is egregious but not unique. His case highlights grave injustices that persist through a culture of impunity and disregard for basic legal standards within Canada's immigration detention system.

Toure lived in both the Gambia and Guinea as a child, but does not know where he was born. Neither country had acknowledged his citizenship. At the latest hearing he testified that, while he was in jail years ago, a CBSA officer warned that if he ever wanted to "make it out of jail," he should say he is from the Gambia: "So I said I'm from the Gambia."

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Arkiveringsdatum 201023:

Human Rights Watch 20-10-09:

Algeriet/ Migrants, asylum seekers forced out till sidans topp

Thousands, including children, expelled to Niger without due process

Algerian authorities expelled thousands of migrants and asylum seekers to Niger during waves of roundups of mostly sub-Saharan Africans across at least nine cities in recent weeks, Human Rights Watch said today. Security personnel have separated children from their families during mass arrests, stripped migrants and asylum seekers of their belongings, and failed to allow them to challenge their removal or screen them for refugee status. Scores of asylum seekers registered with the United Nations refugee agency, UNHCR, are among those arrested, with several already expelled.

Since early September, Algeria has expelled over 3,400 migrants of at least 20 nationalities to Niger, including 430 children and 240 women, according to humanitarian organizations in Niger. This brings the number of people summarily expelled to Niger this year to over 16,000 - a little over half of them Nigerien. Algerian authorities crammed most Nigeriens into trucks or buses and handed them over to Niger's army, in what are termed "official" repatriation convoys; others, in convoys of mixed nationalities, were left in the desert near the border.

"Algeria is entitled to protect its borders, but not to arbitrarily detain and collectively expel migrants, including children and asylum seekers, without a trace of due process," said Lauren Seibert, refugee and migrant rights researcher at Human Rights Watch. "Before moving to deport anyone, authorities should verify their immigration or asylum status individually and ensure individual court reviews."

The recent roundups and expulsions mark the sharpest spike in these operations since the start of the Covid-19 pandemic in March. However, Algeria had never fully stopped expelling migrants to Niger, even after official closures of the borders in March, migrants and aid workers said.

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Arkiveringsdatum 201002:

IOM 20-09-15:

Saudiarabien/ Urgent action needed to address conditions in detention till sidans topp

The International Organization for Migration (IOM) is alarmed by the deteriorating situation of Ethiopian migrants detained by authorities in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, in what media reports present as inhumane conditions. Footage and pleas for help have been shared widely in the public domain recently, indicating overcrowding, lack of basic humanitarian items and poor health and sanitation conditions.

Situations of vulnerability for many migrants, especially those detained, have increased greatly with the sudden onset of COVID-19 in early 2020, including widespread reports of discrimination, xenophobia and the growing risks of human trafficking and exploitation. IOM has called on all states to ensure the inclusion of migrants, regardless of their status, in all public health responses.

IOM and the UN Network on Migration have also called for a moratorium on forced returns and the use of immigration detention in the context of COVID-19, recommending instead the scaling up and implementation of non-custodial and community-based alternatives, in a manner that prioritizes children, families and other migrants in vulnerable situations. We cannot stress enough the importance of considering detention only as a very last resort, and of improving conditions in immigration detention while states transition away from the current approach towards more rights-based and humane alternatives and systems for migration management.

IOM also promotes alternative measures, including assisted voluntary return and reintegration support for those wishing to go home or humanitarian and socio-economic assistance in situ, with a view to ensuring safe conditions for people on the move, and protection for the most vulnerable - including victims of trafficking, exploitation and abuse, and unaccompanied and separated children.

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Amnesty International 20-09-15:

Jordanien/ Stop forcible transfer of Syrian refugees to a no-man's land in the desert till sidans topp

The informal Rukban camp is located in an isolated and inhospitable border area known as "the berm". Its 10,000 residents lack access to sufficient and affordable food, clean water, medical care and sanitation. These conditions led one family who had been transferred by the Jordanian authorities to return to Syria in desperation. And one 21-year old refugee removed from Jordan was forcibly transferred from the berm to an area controlled by the Syrian government.

"Forcibly detaining and transferring refugees is a clear violation of their rights to liberty and to freedom of movement, and sending them to the berm violates their rights to an adequate standard of living and to health. The conditions in the informal camp in Rukban are so dire that some refugees sent there have even opted to return to Syria, where their lives are at risk," said Marie Forestier, Amnesty International's Researcher on Refugee and Migrant Rights.

"We are urging the authorities in Jordan to put an end to forcible transfers immediately. They must ensure that all those transferred are allowed to re-enter Jordan safely. They also must ensure that all the camp's residents have access to essential goods and services, including by urgently permitting unrestricted access to humanitarian aid."

Amnesty International spoke with two men who were deported to the camp along with their families, as well as two camp community leaders, a nurse, a female patient and a staff member at an international humanitarian organization.

Forced transfer without notification or reason

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ECRE 20-09-25: Syrian refugees deported to informal camp at the border and fear of a COVID outbreak in Za'atari and Azraq (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 200831:

Amnesty International 20-08-06:

Trinidad and Tobago/ Deportation of 165 Venezuelans violates international law till sidans topp

In response to reports that Trinidad and Tobago's authorities have deported at least 165 Venezuelans in recent weeks, Louise Tillotson, Caribbean researcher at Amnesty International, said:

"It's no secret that Trinidad and Tobago's authorities criminalize irregular entry, contrary to international human rights standards. But to deport Venezuelan refugees back to the human rights and humanitarian emergency that they were fleeing, in the middle of a pandemic, is an outrageous violation of the obligations that Trinidad and Tobago has committed to under international law. No one should be forced back to a place where they are at risk of serious human rights violations."

"Amnesty International understands that COVID-19 presents governments with a major challenge and they can regulate their borders in this context. But the authorities of Trinidad and Tobago are pushing a xenophobic narrative, which associates people fleeing Venezuela with the COVID-19 virus in a way that risks further stigmatizing and discriminating against people in need of international protection. Instead of using the criminal law to punish people forced to leave everything behind - which also risks pushing people further underground and away from health service - the authorities should work with NGOs, UN agencies and the tens of thousands of Venezuelans who have made Trinidad and Tobago their home in recent years to find solutions that uphold Trinidad and Tobago's international human rights obligations."

During July, the media repeatedly reported that the authorities in Trinidad and Tobago have arrested and quarantined Venezuelans.

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IOM 20-08-21:

Libyen/ First voluntary return charter in 5 months assists over 100 Ghanaian migrants till sidans topp

One hundred and eighteen Ghanaian migrants stranded in Libya due to COVID-19 restrictions boarded a flight home yesterday, IOM's first Voluntary Humanitarian Return Programme movement since a temporary hold began five months ago.

Among those aboard Thursday's charter to Accra were seven women, three children and two infants.

All were medically screened by IOM prior to departure and received personal protective equipment like masks, gloves and hand sanitizers, and psychosocial assistance. The Organization will continue to provide support during a 14-day quarantine period in Ghana and later, reintegration assistance.

"To pay the tuition fees for my children back home in Ghana, I came to Libya and worked to raise enough money," said Rogerson Babatagre, 47, a construction worker who was seriously injured in a traffic accident.

"As I can no longer work like before, I decided to return to my country regardless of the fact that I did not earn enough money for my children's tuition fees. But that is life. Now I'm very happy that I will see my family after seven years. It was very hard to stay far from them under this situation."

COVID-19 has added a whole new layer of complexity to the VHR, a critical lifeline for migrants wishing to return home since flighs began in 2015 says programme manager Ashraf Hassan.

In the face of sweeping COVID-19 mobility restrictions and intensified conflict in Libya, IOM has received many new requests for VHR assistance. More than 2,300 migrants have registered for voluntary return to their countries of origin since March.

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Arkiveringsdatum 200805:

UNHCR 20-07-24:

UNHCR stresses need to end unlawful detention, amidst pandemic till sidans topp

UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, is calling today on States to urgently release refugees and asylum-seekers who are being unlawfully and arbitrarily held in detention. States must act to ensure their actions are in line with international law and that amidst the ongoing Coronavirus pandemic, vulnerable refugees are not being placed at heightened, unnecessary risk.

"Refugees fleeing war and persecution should not be punished or criminalized simply for exercising their fundamental human right to seek asylum," said Gillian Triggs, UN Assistant High Commissioner for Refugees for Protection. "Measures to tackle COVID19 do not justify arbitrarily detaining them on arrival, which not only worsens the misery of people who have already suffered, but also undermines efforts to limit the spread of the virus."

As part of its role on the Executive Committee of the UN Network on Migration, and as co-lead for the Alternatives to Detention Working Group, UNHCR echoes the Network's call on States to reaffirm their commitment to adopting a human rights-based approach to the detention of newly arriving refugees and migrants and to prioritize non-custodial alternatives.

UNHCR welcomes the positive efforts that have been made by a number of States, which have released refugees and asylum-seekers from detention during the pandemic. Such efforts prove the viability of community-based alternatives and provide a blueprint for developing new, long-term, rights-based approaches to receiving refugees and asylum-seekers.

Suitable approaches will vary depending on the context but may include, amongst others, the deposit or surrender of documentation; reasonable and proportionate reporting conditions; residence at a specific location; residence at open or semi-open asylum centres or community supervision arrangements.

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Amnesty International 20-07-20: Malaysia/ Stop plans to cane Rohingya refugees and release those already imprisoned (Extern länk)

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Amnesty International 20-07-20:

Malaysia/ Stop plans to cane Rohingya refugees and release those already imprisoned till sidans topp

The Malaysian authorities must immediately abandon plans to whip at least 20 Rohingya men who are being punished simply for trying to seek safety. The government should release all other jailed Rohingya refugees - including women and children - who have been unlawfully singled out, convicted and imprisoned for alleged "immigration offences," which are contrary to international law, Amnesty International said today.

A Malaysian court has the authority to strike out a caning sentence against the Rohingya men in the coming days. The men, who were allowed to disembark from a boat along with hundreds of other people off the country's coast in April, are part of a group of 31 Rohingya men convicted of so-called "offences" under the Immigration Act 1959/63 in June. All 31 men were sentenced to seven months in prison, with at least 20 of the group sentenced to three strokes of the cane.

"The plan to viciously beat Rohingya refugees is not only cruel and inhuman - it's unlawful under international standards. To inflict such a violent punishment as judicial caning amounts to torture," said Rachel Chhoa-Howard, Malaysia Researcher at Amnesty International.

"The men who face violent lashings on top of jail terms have already fled persecution and crimes against humanity in Myanmar. They also survived a dangerous journey at sea to Malaysia in search of safety. The inhumanity of this approach is atrocious."

Together with the men, nine women were also convicted to seven months jail on similar charges of entering and staying in Malaysia without a valid work permit. Fourteen children have been charged, and are also facing jail terms. Malaysia's Immigration Act imposes six strokes of the cane, fines and up to five years' imprisonment for people who are deemed to be in Malaysia irregularly. Amnesty International understands that the hundreds of others who disembarked from the boat in question are currently being held in immigration detention.

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Amnesty International 20-07-22: Court ruling against whipping must be first step toward protecting Rohingya refugees (Extern länk)

UNHCR 20-07-24: UNHCR stresses need to end unlawful detention, amidst pandemic (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 200521:

IOM 20-05-13:

Internationellt/ Forced returns of migrants must be suspended in times of COVID-19 till sidans topp

The United Nations Network on Migration is concerned by reports of States in many regions using forced return of migrants as a measure in response to COVID-19. The Network calls on States to suspend forced returns during the pandemic, in order to protect the health of migrants and communities, and uphold the human rights of all migrants, regardless of status. Successfully tackling the pandemic cannot be achieved without upholding human rights.

When temporary border closures and movement restrictions are deemed necessary to prevent the transmission of COVID-19, they must be implemented in a way that is non-discriminatory and proportionate to achieving the public health aim pursued. Such closures should incorporate health protocols and processes to guarantee fundamental rights at all times.

Keeping everyone safe means ensuring that no-one faces the risk of refoulement by being returned to places where their life, safety or human rights are threatened. It means that collective expulsions, such as arbitrary pushbacks of migrants and asylum-seekers at borders, must be halted; that protection needs must be individually assessed; and that the rule of law and due process must be observed. It also means prioritizing protection, including every child's best interests. These are obligations in international law that can never be put on hold and are vital to any successful approach to combatting COVID-19 for the benefit of all.

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Arkiveringsdatum 200410:

Europarådets mr-kommissionär 20-03- 26:

Internationellt/ Commissioner calls for release of detainees during Covid-19 crisis till sidans topp

Statement by Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights, Dunja Mijatovi?

"I call on all Council of Europe member states to review the situation of rejected asylum seekers and irregular migrants in immigration detention, and to release them to the maximum extent possible.

In the face of the global Covid-19 pandemic, many member states have had to suspend forced returns of persons no longer authorised to stay on their territories, including so-called Dublin returns, and it is unclear when these might be resumed. Under human rights law, immigration detention for the purpose of such returns can only be lawful as long as it is feasible that return can indeed take place. This prospect is clearly not in sight in many cases at the moment. Furthermore, immigration detention facilities generally provide poor opportunities for social distancing and other measures to protect against Covid-19 infection for migrants and staff.

Releases have been reported in several member states, including Belgium, Spain, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom, with the latter country having just announced a review of the situation of all those in immigration detention. It is now important that this process continues and that other member states follow suit. The release of the most vulnerable should be prioritised. Since the immigration detention of children, whether unaccompanied or with their families, is never in their best interest, they should be released immediately. The authorities of member states should also refrain from issuing new detention orders to persons who are unlikely to be removed in the near future.

Member states should also ensure that those released from detention are given appropriate access to accommodation and basic services, including health care. This is necessary to safeguard their dignity and also to protect public health in member states.

The release of immigration detainees is only one measure member states can take during the Covid-19 pandemic to protect the rights of persons deprived of their liberty more generally, as well as those of asylum seekers and migrants".

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Se även:

Europarådet 20-03-23: Anti-torture Committee issues statement of principles relating to the treatment of persons deprived of their liberty (Extern länk)

Human Rights Watch 20-03-12: US: COVID-19 threatens people behind bars (Extern länk)

Human Rights Watch 20-03-27: Europe: Curb immigration detention amid pandemic (Extern länk)

Human Rights Watch 20-03-30: Myanmar: Displacement camps are COVID-19 tinderboxes (Extern länk)

Human Rights Watch 20-03-31: Greece: Nearly 2,000 new arrivals detained in overcrowded, mainland camps (Extern länk)

Amnesty International 20-04-07: USA: Amid COVID-19 pandemic, authorities must release immigration detainees (Extern länk)

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Human Rights Watch 20-04- 07:

Kanada/ Immigration detainees in Canada desperate for release, transparency till sidans topp

Some released, remainder face serious risks from COVID-19

On April 1, Canadian authorities released several detainees from the Laval Immigration Holding Centre in Quebec. Some had gone on hunger strike to protest the lack of protection from COVID-19 in detention facilities. "We felt abandoned," one man told Human Rights Watch. "We heard about the new measures that were being taken, like social distancing. But nothing changed for us in detention; it was like those measures were not meant for us, just for Canadians."

Canada's quickened release of some immigration detainees is encouraging, but the seriousness of the situation requires a more systemic approach. As of April 1, 64 detainees remained in Canada's three detention facilities - down from 98 on March 25. Many more immigration detainees - held only on the basis of their immigration status - are in maximum-security jails, where social distancing is even more challenging.

Even under regular circumstances, confinement causes many immigration detainees to develop mental health conditions. They do not have a set release date or access to meaningful mental health care and rehabilitation services, and are under constant threat of deportation. This often compounds existing mental health conditions and prior trauma, particularly for asylum seekers.

But the COVID-19 threat makes the situation worse. In late March, authorities confirmed an employee at the Toronto Immigration Holding Centre tested positive for COVID-19 and had begun to exhibit symptoms. A detainee subsequently released from the same facility also tested positive.

In a March 19 petition, immigration detainees pleaded to be released for fear of contamination from the "security staff who are in contact with the external world every day." Detainees have no control over who enters the space in which they are confined, who touches the utensils they use to eat, or who searches them.

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Amnesty International 20-04-07: USA: Amid COVID-19 pandemic, authorities must release immigration detainees (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 200208:

Human Rights Watch 20-02-05:

USA/ Deported Salvadorans Abused, Killed till sidans topp

The United States government is deporting Salvadorans to face risk of murder and other serious abuse, Human Rights Watch said in a report released today.

The 117-page report, "Deported to Danger: United States Deportation Policies Expose Salvadorans to Death and Abuse," identifies cases of 138 Salvadorans who, since 2013, were killed after deportation from the United States, and more than 70 others who were beaten, sexually assaulted, extorted, or tortured. Perpetrators of these abuses include gangs, former intimate partners, and Salvadoran police or security personnel.

"US authorities have knowingly put Salvadorans in harm's way by sending them to face murder and attacks on their safety," said Alison Parker, managing director of the US Program at Human Rights Watch and co-author of the report. "Salvadorans are facing murder, rape, and other violence after deportation in shockingly high numbers, while the US government narrows Salvadorans' access to asylum and turns a blind eye to the deadly results of its callous policies."

International law binding on the United States prohibits the return of anyone to a country where they face serious risks to their lives or safety. The United States is not solely responsible - Salvadoran gangs and Salvadoran authorities who harm deportees or who do little or nothing to protect them bear direct responsibility - but in many cases the United States is putting Salvadorans in harm's way in circumstances where it knows or should know that harm is likely.

In order to make the United States more capable of responding to the current realities of forced migration, Human Rights Watch calls on the United States to go beyond the narrow reach of its asylum laws by providing broad protection to anyone, like many of the Salvadorans featured in the report, who would face a real risk of serious harm upon return.

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Arkiveringsdatum 200125:

Human Rights Watch 20-01-09:

Kazakstan/ Improper Prosecution of Asylum Seekers from China till sidans topp

Men from Xinjiang at Risk of Arrest, Torture

Update: On January 21, 2020, Kaster Musakhanuly and Murager Alimuly were sentenced to one year in prison for illegally crossing the border. The court ruled not to deport them to China, but their lawyer said an asylum request in Kazakhstan is still pending. Due to time already served, they will be eligible for release in six months. As a party to the 1951 Refugee Convention it is a violation of Kazakhstan's treaty obligations (see art.31) to impose penalties on refugees for illegal entry.

(Berlin) - Kazakhstan should not forcibly return two Chinese citizens fleeing ill-treatment in Xinjiang or prosecute them for illegal border crossing while their asylum claims are pending, Human Rights Watch said today.

On January 6, 2020, court hearings against the two ethnic Kazakh men, Kaster Musakhanuly and Murager Alimuly, on charges of illegal border crossing began in the remote eastern town of Zaysan. The hearing was adjourned after only two hours, although dozens of witnesses and supporters had traveled there to testify on their behalf, and the case was postponed to January 21. If returned to China, the men would almost certainly face detention and a real risk of torture.

"The government should immediately drop charges of illegal border crossing, halt these proceedings, and guarantee that these men will not be sent back to China as long as their refugee claims are pending," said Laura Mills, Europe and Central Asia researcher at Human Rights Watch. "Kazakhstan can take this opportunity to demonstrate that, unlike in the past, it is a country that upholds its international legal obligations, respects refugee rights, and won't return people to risk of torture."

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Arkiveringsdatum 200107:

Human Rights Watch 19-12-12:

Tanzania/ Tanzania: Burundians Pressured into Leaving till sidans topp

Mounting Intimidation for 163,000 Burundian Refugees and Asylum Seekers

The fear of violence, arrest, and deportation is driving many of the 163,000 Burundian refugees and asylum seekers in Tanzania out of the country. Tanzanian authorities have also made it very difficult for the United Nations refugee agency to properly check whether hundreds of refugees' recent decision to return to Burundi was voluntary.

In October and November 2019, Tanzanian officials specifically targeted parts of the Burundian refugee population whose insecure legal status and lack of access to aid make them particularly vulnerable to coerced return to Burundi. The actions come after the Tanzanian president, John Magufuli, said on October 11 that Burundian refugees should "go home."

"Refugees say police abuses, insecurity in Tanzania's refugee camps, and deportation threats drove them out of the country," said Bill Frelick, refugee rights director at Human Rights Watch. "Tanzania should reverse course before it ends up unlawfully coercing thousands more to leave."

In mid-November, Human Rights Watch interviewed 20 Burundian refugees in Uganda who described the pressure that caused them to leave Tanzania between August 2018 and October 2019. Seven returned to Burundi but said they then fled to Uganda to escape members of the Burundian ruling party's youth league, the Imbonerakure, who threatened, intimidated, or arbitrarily arrested them. Thirteen went directly to Uganda.

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Arkiveringsdatum 191214:

Human Rights Watch 19-12-04:

Tanzania/ African leaders should raise concerns about pressure to return to Burundi till sidans topp

Joint Civil Society Statement

Ahead of the African Union (AU) High-Level Dialogue on displacement taking place from 4-6 December in Uganda, African and international NGOs call on African leaders and regional organisations to urge the government of Tanzania to stop pressuring 163,000 refugees and asylum seekers into returning to Burundi, where there are ongoing serious human rights violations against real or perceived opposition supporters, including returning refugees.

Hundreds of thousands of refugees fled Burundi after a political crisis erupted in 2015 and led to political violence and serious human rights violations. Tanzania currently hosts the largest group of those refugees and should be commended for having opened its doors to them.

However, senior Tanzanian government officials have repeatedly pressured Burundian refugees to go back to Burundi. One of these calls came from President John Pombe Magufuli, who said on October 11 that Burundian refugees should "go home." An August 24 agreement between Tanzania and Burundi also says these refugees "are to return to their country of origin whether voluntarily or not" by December 31. To date, around 80,000 have returned with UNHCR's financial and logistical assistance under a September 2017 "voluntary repatriation" agreement between Burundi, Tanzania and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).

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Arkiveringsdatum 191120:

Amnesty International 19-11-07:

USA/ Drop abusive criminal charges against humanitarian volunteer Scott Warren till sidans topp

The US Department of Justice should immediately drop the spurious criminal charges against humanitarian volunteer Dr Scott Warren in the state of Arizona on the US-Mexico border, said Amnesty International in a letter to US authorities ahead of his retrial next week.

"The Trump administration's second attempt to prosecute Scott Warren is a cynical misuse of the justice system, intended to criminalize compassion and lifesaving humanitarian aid," said Kumi Naidoo, Secretary General of Amnesty International.

"This is a dark hour for the USA when the government is seeking to send a man to prison for 10 years simply for providing food, water and clean clothes to people in need."

"US authorities must stop harassing Dr Warren and other human rights defenders who have simply shown kindness to fellow human beings. The government should instead be working to save lives in a desert where thousands of people have already died in their desperate search for a safer place to call home."

On 12 November 2019, US authorities will prosecute Dr Warren for a second time on charges of "harbouring" two migrants, for providing them with humanitarian assistance in the town of Ajo where he lives. The first trial resulted in a mistrial on 2 July, when eight of 12 jurors sought to acquit him on all charges but could not reach a unanimous decision.

In July, Amnesty International issued a report documenting the Trump administration's misuse of the criminal justice system to threaten, intimidate, and punish those defending the human rights of migrants and asylum seekers on the US-Mexico border. Amnesty International is campaigning globally for the charges against Dr Scott Warren to be dropped.

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Amnesty International 19-10- 25:

Turkiet/ Syrians illegally deported into war ahead of anticipated 'safe zone' till sidans topp

Turkey spent the months leading up to its military incursion into northeast Syria forcibly deporting refugees to the war-torn country, in advance of attempting to create a so-called "safe zone" on the Syrian side of the border, a new Amnesty International report 'Sent to a War Zone: Turkey's Illegal Deportations Of Syrian Refugees' has revealed.

The organization met or spoke with refugees who said Turkish police had beaten or threatened them into signing documents stating they were asking to return to Syria, when in reality Turkey was forcing them back to a war zone and putting their lives in grave danger.

"Turkey's claim that refugees from Syria are choosing to walk straight back into the conflict is dangerous and dishonest. Rather, our research shows that people are being tricked or forced into returning," said Anna Shea, Researcher on Refugee and Migrant Rights at Amnesty International.

"Turkey deserves recognition for hosting more than 3.6 million women, men and children from Syria for over eight years, but it cannot use this generosity as an excuse to flout international and domestic law by deporting people to an active conflict zone."

Without official statistics, estimating the number of forced deportations is difficult. But based on dozens of interviews conducted between July and October 2019 for the report, 'Sent to a war zone: Turkey's illegal deportations of Syrian refugees', Amnesty International estimates that over the past few months the figure is likely in the hundreds. The Turkish authorities claim that a total of 315,000 people have left for Syria on an entirely voluntary basis.

It is illegal to deport people to Syria as it exposes them to a real risk of serious human rights violations.

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Hämta rapporten (Extern länk)

Voice of America 19-10-31: Many Syrian refugees in turkey want to stay, despite Erdogan plan to force their return (Extern länk)

Gerry Simpson, Human Rights Watch i EUobserver 19-11-07: Repatriation' of Syrians in Turkey needs EU action (Extern länk)

Vox 19-11-07: Turkey wants to send Syrian refugees to the new "safe zone." Some refugees are terrified. (Extern länk)

UNHCR 19-11-11: UNHCR and Turkey discuss voluntary repatriation of Syrian refugees (Extern länk)

Eyal Benvenisti and Eliav Lieblich in Just Security 19-10- 23: Assessing Turkey's "resettlement" plans in Syria under the law of occupation (Extern länk)

Shelley Inglis in The Cqnversation 19-10-23: Syrian refugees in Turkey are there to stay, at least for now (Extern länk)

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Amnesty International 19-11-04:

Bangladesh/ Stop extrajudicial executions of refugees and restrictions to movement till sidans topp

Amnesty International is deeply concerned about what appears to be a series of recent extrajudicial executions of Rohingya refugees in Cox's Bazaar refugee camps. Since the killing on 23 August 2019, of a local Bangladeshi youth leader from the ruling political party Awami League, at least seven Rohingya refugees have been killed by Bangladesh police in alleged 'gunfights' in the span of just three weeks. Bangladesh authorities must respect and protect the human rights of Rohingya, including their right to life.

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Arkiveringsdatum 191025:

Asylnytt 19-10-24:

Turkiet/ Europadomstolen fäller Turkiet för förvar av småbarn i olidliga förhållanden till sidans topp

I en omfattande dom fördömer Europadomstolen än en gång förvarstagande i Turkiet. Ärendet gäller en kvinna från Ryssland som togs i förvar i fyra månader med tre småbarn efter att ha försökt passera gränsen till Syrien olagligt. Hon försökte upprepade gånger vända sig till domstol både för att få förvarsbeslutet prövat och för att påtala förhållandena i förvaret. Svår överbeläggning, smuts och undermålig hygien, löss och andra insekter, brist på utevistelse, brist på barnmat, blöjor och annat som barnen behövde. Barnen fick inte vård när de blev sjuka. Trots att kvinnan hade hjälp av advokat besvarades de flesta inlagorna inte alls och den turkiska konstitutionsdomstolen gav sitt svar tre och ett halvt år senare. Europadomstolen refererar en lång rad tidigare domar och inspektionsrapporter, bland annat från Europarådets kommitté mot tortyr som särskilt kritiserat Turkiet för att inte göra något åt de missförhållanden som påpekats tidigare. Europadomstolen fäller Turkiet för att ha brutit mot Europakonventionens artikel 3 om förbud mot omänsklig eller förnedrande behandling, artikel 13 om rätt till ett effektivt rättsmedel och artikel 5 om rätt till frihet och till domstolsprövning av förvarstagande.

Case of G.B. and Others v. Turkey, Application no. 4633/15 (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 190912:

AIDA 19-08- 28:

Turkiet/ Mass detention following push for return of refugees to "satellite cities" till sidans topp

The Governorate of Istanbul announced on 27 August 2019 that 16,423 persons have been detained in Removal Centres across Turkey as part of a crackdown on refugees residing in Istanbul without being registered there. Of those, 4,500 unregistered Syrian nationals were referred to Temporary Accommodation Centres (camps) in the south-eastern regions of the country.

Under Turkish law, applicants for and holders of international protection, as well as temporary protection beneficiaries, are required to reside in the province in which they were registered. The provinces where registration is available are commonly referred to as "satellite cities". Istanbul is not among the "satellite cities" open to new international protection applicants and has suspended registration of newly arriving Syrian refugees, but remains the province with the highest population of refugees.

Temporary protection holders registered in other provinces and residing in Istanbul were instructed in July to return to their assigned provinces by 20 August 2019. The Ministry of Interior announced that the deadline of 20 August has been extended to 30 October 2019.

The Law on Foreigners and International Protection does not, however, provide for detention of individuals for the purpose of transferring them to their assigned province.

Strong concerns have also been voiced about the link between the operations led in Istanbul and refoulement to Syria, as refugees continue to be reportedly pressured to sign voluntary return documents. UNHCR monitors voluntary returns of Syrian refugees and has observed interviews for a total of 62,594 individuals from 2016 to 30 June 2019. However, persons detained in Removal Centres do not undergo such interviews before returning to Syria.

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Amnesty International 19-08-27:

Libyen/ Authorities must immediately halt deportation of Syrian refugees till sidans topp

Responding to an official communication obtained by Amnesty International that the Lebanese authorities forcibly deported almost 2,500 Syrian refugees back to Syria in the past three months, Amnesty International's Middle East Research Director, Lynn Maalouf, said:

"We urge the Lebanese authorities to stop these deportations as a matter of urgency, and the Higher Defense Council to cancel its related decision.

"As long as independent monitoring bodies are not allowed access to Syria - including the UN Commission of Inquiry on Syria - in order to assess the security situation for the safe return of refugees, there is no way of determining whether returnees would be at real risk of serious human rights violations once back in Syria.

"Such access and monitoring mechanism inside Syria would be a first step in setting the process for returns. In the meantime, while risks upon return cannot be determined, any attempts to forcibly return refugees is a clear violation of Lebanon's non-refoulement obligations.

"We reiterate our call to the international community to share the responsibility for refugees with host countries, including Lebanon, mainly by re-activating their resettlement programs and by using their leverage to call for access to independent monitors in Syria."

Background

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Arkiveringsdatum 190826:

Human Rights Watch 19-07-26:

Turkiet/ Turkey forcibly returning Syrians to danger till sidans topp

Authorities detain, coerce Syrians to sign "voluntary return" forms

Turkish authorities are detaining and coercing Syrians into signing forms saying they want to return to Syria and then forcibly returning them there, Human Rights Watch said today. On July 24, 2019, Interior Minister Süleyman Soylu denied that Turkey had "deported" Syrians but said that Syrians "who voluntarily want to go back to Syria" can benefit from procedures allowing them to return to "safe areas."

Almost 10 days after the first reports of increased police spot-checks of Syrians' registration documents in Istanbul and forced returns of Syrians from the city, the office of the provincial governor released a July 22 statement saying that Syrians registered in one of the country's other provinces must return there by August 20, and that the Interior Ministry would send unregistered Syrians to provinces other than Istanbul for registration. The statement comes amid rising xenophobic sentiment across the political spectrum against Syrian and other refugees in Turkey.

"Turkey claims it helps Syrians voluntarily return to their country, but threatening to lock them up until they agree to return, forcing them to sign forms, and dumping them in a war zone is neither voluntary nor legal," said Gerry Simpson, associate Emergencies director. "Turkey should be commended for hosting record numbers of Syrian refugees, but unlawful deportations are not the way forward."

Turkey shelters a little over 3.6 million Syrian Refugees countrywide who have been given temporary protection, half a million of them in Istanbul. This is more refugees than any other country in the world and almost four times as many as the whole European Union (EU).

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BBC 19-08-20: Syrian migrants in Turkey face deadline to leave Istanbul (Extern länk)

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Human Rights Watch 19-08-15:

Jemen, Saudiarabien/ Ethiopians abused on Gulf migration route till sidans topp

Ethiopians undertaking the perilous journey by boat across the Red Sea or Gulf of Aden face exploitation and torture in Yemen by a network of trafficking groups, Human Rights Watch said today. They also encounter abusive prison conditions in Saudi Arabia before being summarily forcibly deported back to Addis Ababa. Authorities in Ethiopia, Yemen, and Saudi Arabia have taken few if any measures to curb the violence migrants face, to put in place asylum procedures, or to check abuses perpetrated by their own security forces.

A combination of factors, including unemployment and other economic difficulties, drought, and human rights abuses have driven hundreds of thousands of Ethiopians to migrate over the past decade, traveling by boat over the Red Sea and then by land through Yemen to Saudi Arabia. Saudi Arabia and neighboring Gulf states are favored destinations because of the availability of employment. Most travel irregularly and do not have legal status once they reach Saudi Arabia.

"Many Ethiopians who hoped for a better life in Saudi Arabia face unspeakable dangers along the journey, including death at sea, torture, and all manners of abuses," said Felix Horne, senior Africa researcher at Human Rights Watch. "The Ethiopian government, with the support of its international partners, should support people who arrive back in Ethiopia with nothing but the clothes on their back and nowhere to turn for help."

Human Rights Watch interviewed 12 Ethiopians in Addis Ababa who had been deported from Saudi Arabia between December 2018 and May 2019. Human Rights Watch also interviewed humanitarian workers and diplomats working on Ethiopia migration-related issues.

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Arkiveringsdatum 190801:

Deportation Monitoring Aegean 19-07-26

Turkiet/ Suspension of EU-Turkey Deal and Mass Deportations from Turkey till sidans topp

Suspension of the EU-Turkey Deal

Turkey announced that the EU-Turkey Deal has been suspended. Foreign Minister Mevlüt Įavusoglu explained on Monday 22nd in a TV-interview: "We will not wait at the EU's door. The readmission agreement and visa-free deal will be put into effect at the same time".

The visa liberalisation for Turkish citizen in the EU was part of the initial EU-Turkey statement from March 18, 2016 where it was agreed: "The fulfilment of the visa liberalisation roadmap will be accelerated vis-ā-vis all participating Member States with a view to lifting the visa requirements for Turkish citizens at the latest by the end of June 2016, provided that all benchmarks have been met."

It is not the first time that Turkey puts pressure on the EU and Greece using the readmission scheme for bargaining. In June 2018, Mevlüt Įavusoglu declared to have suspended the bilateral migrant readmission agreement with Greece - another deportation agreement - in response to a Greek court's decision to release eight soldiers, who had fled Turkey in July 2016 after the coup attempt, instead of extraditing them to Turkey.

Since the EU-Turkey Deal came into force, 2,492 people have been deported from Greece to Turkey (2,406 people until end of 2018 and 86 people in 2019). Deportation Monitoring Aegean witnessed the last deportation on July 11th - an indication that the deportations have now been suspended in practice.

Arrests and Mass Deportations in Turkey

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Arkiveringsdatum 190703:

Amnesy International 19-07-02:

USA/ Authorities are misusing justice to harass migrant human rights defenders till sidans topp

Since 2018, the US government has conducted an unlawful and discriminatory campaign of intimidation, threats, harassment, and criminal investigations against people who defend the human rights of migrants, refugees and asylum seekers on the US-Mexico border, Amnesty International said in a new report released today.

'Saving lives is not a crime': Politically motivated legal harassment of migrant human rights defenders by the USA reveals how the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and the Department of Justice (DOJ) have increasingly misused the criminal justice system to deter activists, lawyers, journalists, and humanitarian volunteers from challenging - or simply documenting - the systematic human rights violations that US authorities have committed against migrants and asylum seekers.

"The Trump administration's targeting of human rights defenders through discriminatory misuse of the criminal justice system sets it on a slippery slope toward authoritarianism. The US government is disgracing itself by threatening and even prosecuting its own citizens for their vital work to save the lives of people in a desperate situation at the border," said Erika Guevara-Rosas, Americas director at Amnesty International..

The US government has inappropriately investigated human rights defenders for alleged crimes including human smuggling, based on their humanitarian and human rights-related activities, and their expression of political or other opinions. While the most sweeping investigations targeted human rights defenders supporting a large caravan of migrants and asylum seekers in November 2018, authorities have continued to target those and other defenders since then, including simply for helping asylum seekers to know their rights and request protection at an official port of entry.

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Arkiveringsdatum 190620:

Amnesty International 19-06-12:

Libanon/ Wave of hostility exposes hollowness of claims Syrian returns are voluntary till sidans topp

An attack which forced hundreds of Syrian refugees to leave Deir al-Ahmar, an informal camp in the Bekaa valley, last week is a clear example of the escalating hostility which is driving many refugees to leave Lebanon and return to Syria despite ongoing violations of international humanitarian law there, Amnesty International said today.

Since July 2018 the Lebanese authorities have been arranging returns of refugees to Syria, claiming these returns are wholly voluntary. However, Amnesty International's analysis shows that people are being pushed back to Syria through a combination of restrictive government policies, dire humanitarian conditions and rampant discrimination.

"Life for many Syrian refugees in Lebanon is marked by fear, constant intimidation and feelings of hopelessness. Despite the Lebanese government's claims that returns to Syria are voluntary, incidents like the attack on Deir al-Ahmar show that life is becoming intolerable for refugees, leaving many with no choice but to return to Syria," said Lynn Maalouf, Amnesty International's Middle East Research Director.

The organization has researched how unlawful evictions, curfews, constant raids on refugee camps and mass arrests are making life unbearable for many refugees in Lebanon, forcing many to return to Syria despite the ongoing dangers.

"By failing to ensure refugees are protected from attacks, harassment or intimidation and imposing unfair and restrictive policies that make their lives more difficult, the Lebanese authorities are fuelling an environment that effectively coerces refugees to return to Syria, where they could be at risk of interrogation on arrival, torture, enforced disappearance and other violations and abuses," said Lynn Maalouf.

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Arkiveringsdatum 190610:

Amnesty International 19-05-17:

Mexiko/ Child death in migration custody suggests eerie parallels with US policy till sidans topp

The first known death of a child detained by Mexican migration authorities under the current presidential administration is a sickening tragedy that demands answers from a government that promised to be more humane to migrants and refugees, said Amnesty International today.

"At a time when children are dying in United States migration custody on the other side of the border, President Lķpez Obrador's government is overseeing a crackdown on migrants and refugees that is resulting in the careless treatment of human lives. This suggests an alarming parallel with the current approach of the Trump government," said Erika Guevara-Rosas, Americas director at Amnesty International.

On 16 May, Mexico's National Migration Institute (INM) announced that a 10-year-old Guatemalan girl died in hospital, where she was transferred after arriving at Mexico City's migration detention centre in the company of her mother two days earlier, complaining of a sore throat. INM had brought her back from the northern border state of Chihuahua via bus, a trip of nearly 20 hours.

Amnesty International has documented at length the grave risks migrants and asylum-seekers are already facing along the US-Mexico border due to the policies of the US and the acquiescence of Mexico. For its part, on 29 January, the US government commenced the "Remain in Mexico" policy, also known as the "migrant protection protocols", under which US authorities have forcibly returned thousands of asylum seekers to Mexico while they await the final adjudication of their asylum claims in the USA. This policy violates international refugee law. The Mexican government did not refuse to cooperate with this policy.

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Human Rights Watch 19-05-24:

Libanon/ Syrians summarily deported from airport till sidans topp

Forced to sign "voluntary" return forms; Risk of serious harm

Lebanon summarily deported at least 16 Syrians, some of them registered refugees, on April 26, 2019 after they arrived at the Beirut airport, Human Rights Watch, the Lebanese Center for Human Rights (CLDH), Legal Agenda, Frontiers Rights, and the Access Center for Human Rights said today.

At least 5 of the 16 had registered with the United Nations refugee agency (UNHCR), and at least 13 expressed their fears of torture or persecution if returned to Syria. Despite this, the Syrians were not given a meaningful chance to seek asylum or challenge their removal, and were forced to sign "voluntary repatriation" forms. Nongovernmental organizations working with refugees in Lebanon estimate that 30 Syrians have been deported from Hariri International Airport in Beirut this year by the General Security Directorate, the agency that oversees the entry and exit of foreigners.

"Lebanese authorities shouldn't deport anyone to Syria without first allowing them a fair opportunity to argue their case for protection and ensuring that they don't face a real risk of persecution, torture, or other serious harm," said Lama Fakih, acting Middle East director at Human Rights Watch. "Despite heated rhetoric calling for Syrians to return home, and coerced 'voluntary' returns, there continues to be significant risk of harm for refugees who do return to Syria."

Lebanese authorities have in the past affirmed their commitment not to forcibly return any Syrian to Syria but, increasingly, officials are calling on Syrians in Lebanon to return home.

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Arkiveringsdatum 190503:

Global Detention Project 19-04-26:

Internationellt/ Global Detention Project Annual Report 2018 till sidans topp

Last summer, people across the globe expressed outrage when U.S. immigration officials began separating children from their parents at the U.S.- Mexico border and placing them in hastily set up camps and cages. Absent from much of the criticism, however, was any recognition of the fact that children are detained for immigration-related reasons in dozens of countries, all of which-with the exception of the United States-have ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), which celebrates its 30th anniversary in 2019.

While the Trump administration's family-separation policy was particularly cruel and has had devastating consequences for thousands of children, the fact that so many countries that have ratified the CRC continue to place children and families in immigration detention is deeply troubling. As the Committee on the Rights of the Child, which oversees implementation of the convention, now recognises, there can be no justification for locking up children in immigration proceedings because it "conflicts with the principle of the best interests of the child," one of the cornerstone principles of the global human rights framework, established in Article 3 of the CRC.

It is true that many countries appear to be searching for "alternatives" to the immigration detention of children, and important normative bodies like the Council of Europe have made this issue a priority. But states stubbornly resist relinquishing this practice, a fact that the Global Detention Project pointed out in numerous publications and submissions to human rights bodies during the course of 2018.

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Human Rights Watch 19-04-12:

USA/ Immigration detention centers and treatment of immigrants till sidans topp

Testimony of Jasmine Tyler before the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights

(...) Dangerously Substandard Medical Care

Since March 2010, ICE has reported a total of 82 deaths in adult immigration detention. (These numbers do not include the recent deaths of two children and an adult in Border Patrol custody.) In 52 of these deaths, ICE completed and released death reviews, which summarize ICE's investigation and analysis into how and why the person died.

Human Rights Watch, working with the American Civil Liberties Union, Detention Watch Network, and the National Immigrant Justice Center, asked independent medical experts to review 15 recent cases in which ICE had released death reviews. These experts found that in eight cases, or over half, subpar medical care contributed or led to the fatalities. Looking at all 52 cases for which we have independent medical analysis since 2010, experts found inadequate care contributed or led to 23 deaths.

In other words, subpar medical care is a persistent problem in the US immigration detention system, and people are dying as a result.

The indifference to human suffering throughout the detention system revealed in these deaths is staggering.

On the morning that Jose Azurdia died in 2015, an officer at the Adelanto Detention Facility told a nurse Mr. Azurdia was ill and vomiting. The nurse told him "she did not want to see Azurdia because she did not want to get sick." This began a series of unconscionable delays for what turned out to be a fatal heart attack.

Thongchay Saengsiri suffered from the symptoms of congestive heart failure for most of the 15 months he was detained at the LaSalle Detention Facility in Louisiana, including fainting, swelling, anemia, coughing, and shortness of breath. Instead of properly diagnosing and treating these classic symptoms, a nurse recommended he increase his fluid intake, which likely increased his risk of heart failure.

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Arkiveringsdatum 190415:

Human Rights Watch 19-04-04:

Turkiet/ Deported dissidents missing till sidans topp

Malaysia, Turkey should investigate unlawful deportations

Egyptian authorities should reveal the whereabouts of at least five Egyptian dissidents who were deported to Egypt in recent weeks, Human Rights Watch said today. Malaysian authorities deported at least four men to Egypt in early March, and Turkey deported one man in January.

The deportees are at serious risk of torture and ill-treatment in Egypt for their past political activities, and at least three had already been sentenced to prison in Egypt in absentia. Malaysian and Turkish authorities should end such deportations, which violate international laws, and transparently investigate officials responsible for ordering them.

"Since Egypt has a dire record of systematic torture, forcible disappearances, and unfair trials of dissidents, it is imperative for the authorities to provide full legal access to these deportees," said Michael Page, deputy Middle East and Northern Africa director at Human Rights Watch. "Malaysia and Turkey should also publicly report on the procedures they followed in these deportations, including whether they considered the risk of ill-treatment upon return and whether the deportees had access to the United Nations Refugee Agency."

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Arkiveringsdatum 190302:

Amnesty International 19-02-20:

Nauru/ Deterring essential medical transfers risks deadly consequences till sidans topp

Responding to news that the government of Nauru has passed a law severely restricting medical transfers to Australia for refugees and asylum seekers, Meghna Abraham, Director of Global Thematic Issues at Amnesty International, said:

"This move by the Nauru government is a dangerous and callous act that could have deadly consequences for the women, men and children whom Australia has exiled there.

"Nauru has failed to provide refugees with the health care they desperately need. Denying them medical transfers is yet another blow and demonstrates just how far the human rights of refugees have slipped down Nauru and Australia's agendas.

"Australia's offshore detention policy has cost lives. The government's defeat in parliament last week shows that this deadly game is up. The real solution is for Australia to stop these unlawful and inhumane detention techniques, and ensure refugees and asylum seekers held on Nauru and Manus Island can access the health care and sanctuary they are entitled to."

Background

The Nauru government has passed a law banning medical transfers based on telemedic assessments, effectively circumventing a law passed in Australia on 13 February, which allows refugees in Manus and Nauru needing urgent medical attention to be brought to Australia.

Last week, immediately following the passing of the Australian law, Prime Minister Scott Morrison announced the re-opening of a detention centre on Christmas Island, which is Australian territory. Australia should comply with its international obligations and shut down the entire offshore detention system. Authorities in Christmas Island indicated that they do not have specialists and are not equipped to deal with mental health illness.

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Arkiveringsdatum 190209:

Human Rights Watch 19-02-01:

USA/ ICE force-feeding immigrant detainees on hunger strike till sidans topp

ICE officials are force-feeding six immigrant detainees who are on hunger strike in Texas, according to an investigation published by the Associated Press.

The AP reported indications that nearly 30 men - mostly from India and Cuba - in the El Paso Processing Center are refusing food to protest prolonged detentions, as well as "rampant verbal abuse and threats of deportation from guards." Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) officials confirmed that 11 men are on hunger strike in El Paso and another four elsewhere in the United States. A federal judge authorized the force-feeding of six in mid-January, according to the AP.

Force-feeding - which involves pushing a feeding tube down a patient's nose - can be very painful and is inherently cruel, inhuman, and degrading. Medical ethics and human rights norms generally prohibit the force feeding of detainees who are competent and capable of rational judgment as to the consequences of refusing food. A relative of two men being force-fed with nasal tubes by ICE told the AP the men are having persistent nose bleeds and vomiting several times a day.

Because it was used at Guantanamo, Yasiin Bey (aka Mos Def) volunteered to undergo the standard operating procedures for force-feeding of detainees there. The 2013 video is so excruciating that I've never managed to watch it all.

Last fall, my colleague Grace Meng visited Northwest Detention Center in Tacoma, Washington to interview immigrant detainees on hunger strike to protest the bewildering and unjust US asylum system, as well as poor medical care in detention. In November, a Washington state hunger striker died by suicide.

Hunger striking is a desperate expressive act. In immigration detention, it can be a response to the irrationality of prolonged and needless detention. ICE should immediately stop the cruel, inhuman, and degrading process of force-feeding any detainees who have made a rational decision to stop eating as a form of protest.

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Human Rights Watch 19-01- 21:

Libyen/ Nightmarish detention for migrants, asylum seekers till sidans topp

European Union policies contribute to a cycle of extreme abuse against migrants in Libya, Human Rights Watch said in a report released today. The EU and Italy's support for the Libyan Coast Guard contributes significantly to the interception of migrants and asylum seekers and their subsequent detention in arbitrary, abusive detention in Libya.

The 70-page report, "'No Escape from Hell': EU Policies Contribute to Abuse of Migrants in Libya," documents severe overcrowding, unsanitary conditions, malnutrition, and lack of adequate health care. Human Rights Watch found violent abuse by guards in four official detention centers in western Libya, including beatings and whippings. Human Rights Watch witnessed large numbers of children, including newborns, detained in grossly unsuitable conditions in three out of the four detention centers. Almost 20 percent of those who reached Europe by sea from Libya in 2018 were children.

"Migrants and asylum seekers detained in Libya, including children, are trapped in a nightmare, and what EU governments are doing perpetuates detention instead of getting people out of these abusive conditions," said Judith Sunderland, associate Europe director at Human Rights Watch. "Fig-leaf efforts to improve conditions and get some people out of detention do not absolve the EU of responsibility for enabling the barbaric detention system in the first place."

In a letter to Human Rights Watch as the report went to print, the European Commission indicated that its dialogue with Libyan authorities has focused on respect for the human rights of migrants and refugees, that the EU's engagement in Libya is of a humanitarian nature, and that concrete improvements have been achieved though challenges remain.

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Arkiveringsdatum 190123:

UNHCR 19-01-18:

Kamerun/ UNHCR deplores forced refugee returns from Cameroon till sidans topp

UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, is extremely alarmed by reports of the forced return by Cameroon this week of several thousand refugees into violence-affected Borno State in northeast Nigeria. This follows the forced return of 267 Nigerian refugees on 16 January. They had crossed into Cameroon in 2014. We are gravely concerned for the safety and well-being of all these people.

An estimated 9,000 Nigerians fled across the border into Cameroon earlier in the week after militants attacked and ransacked the small border town of Rann in Nigeria's Borno State. The militants went on a rampage by targeting military installations, civilians and humanitarian facilities. At least 14 people are reported killed.

"This action was totally unexpected and puts lives of thousands of refugees at risk," said UN High Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grandi. "I am appealing to Cameroon to continue its open door and hospitable policy and practices and halt immediately any more returns and to ensure full compliance with its refugee protection obligations under its own national legislation, as well as international law."

Cameroon is currently home to more than 370,000 refugees, including some 100,000 from Nigeria.

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Arkiveringsdatum 181231:

Human Rights Watch 18-12-20:

USA/ US deporting Iraqis without valid documents till sidans topp

Coerced deportees at risk of arrest, torture in Iraq

The United States government has deported at least 30 of a planned 1,400 people originally from Iraq back to their country, in some cases threatening long imprisonment if they don't consent, Human Rights Watch said today. In all cases that Human Rights Watch is aware of, the deportees lack valid identity documents, putting them at risk of arbitrary detention and mistreatment in Iraq.

Before President Donald Trump's "travel ban" in January 2017, the Iraqi government was not accepting any nationals involuntarily returned. However, soon after the ban - which barred citizens of seven Muslim-majority countries, including Iraq, from entering the US -Iraq agreed to accept a small charter plane of deportees and to facilitate deportations. The White House subsequently removed Iraq from the the list.

"Anyone living in Iraq without valid Iraqi identity documents is vulnerable to arbitrary detention and ill-treatment," said Lama Fakih, deputy Middle East and Northern Africa director at Human Rights Watch. "ICE should halt all deportations of Iraqis until it can ensure that they won't face detention and ill-treatment, and Iraq should ensure that all Iraqi deportees are given proper Iraqi identity documents before they return."

In September and October 2018, Human Rights Watch interviewed six men deported to Iraq between May and August. Three said that US Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) officers and Iraqi consular representatives approached them in US immigration detention and threatened them with years of imprisonment if they didn't sign Iraqi paperwork agreeing to their return. Two said that the two ICE officers who escorted them from the US to Bahrain made repeated vague threats if they tried to push back on the return and to get them to sign documents, the nature of which remain unclear.

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Arkiveringsdatum 181204:

Human Rights Watch 18-11-21:

Libyen/ Migrants Forced off Ship at Libya Port till sidans topp

Libyan security forces forcibly removed 79 migrants and asylum seekers on November 20, 2018 from the Panama-flagged cargo ship Nivin in the port of Misrata in Libya, after they refused to leave the ship for 10 days, Human Rights Watch said today. Security forces reportedly used force and tear gas. An unknown number of people were taken to hospital, and others were taken to the al-Karareem detention center in Misrata.

"This is the worst possible conclusion to the desperate plea of the people on board the Nivin to avoid inhuman detention in Libya," said Judith Sunderland, acting deputy Europe and Central Asia director at Human Rights Watch. "The situation is the result of efforts by Italy and the European Union to obstruct rescue operations by nongovernmental organizations and empower the Libyan Coast Guard even when Europe knows that Libya is not a safe place."

Libyan authorities should immediately allow United Nations and nongovernmental personnel to visit the people removed from the cargo ship, find alternatives to their detention, and investigate the possible use of unlawful force.

The Nivin, acting on instructions from the Italian Maritime Rescue Coordination Center, had rescued 95 people from a sinking rubber boat in international waters off the Libyan coast on November 7 and subsequently docked at the port of Misrata on November 10. According to the UN, the group includes Ethiopian, Eritrean, Somali, South Sudanese, Pakistani, and Bangladeshi nationals.

Human Rights Watch conducted research in detention centers in areas controlled by the UN-backed Government of National Accord in Libya in the summer of 2018, including the al-Karareem center. There and elsewhere, asylum seekers and migrants alleged abuse by guards, members of armed groups, and smugglers that included beatings, inhumane detention conditions, forced labor, extortion, and sexual assault.

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Arkiveringsdatum 181125:

Human Rights Watch 18-11-15:

Bangladesh/ Bangladesh: Halt Rohingya Repatriation Plan till sidans topp

- The Bangladesh government should follow the recommendations of senior United Nations refugee and human rights officials and immediately halt the proposed repatriation of Rohingya refugees to Myanmar, Human Rights Watch said today. The authorities have deployed the army in refugee camps ahead of carrying out a plan to repatriate a first group of 2,200 Rohingya refugees.

The first batch of 150 people from 30 families were taken to a transit camp in preparation for their return. Bangladesh's refugee relief and repatriation commissioner, Mohammad Abul Kalam, told journalists the families would be repatriated through the Ghundhum point of Bandarban district on November 15. "They are fully prepared," he said. "We have made all arrangements." Subsequent reports, however, indicated possible delays in the starting date.

"The Bangladesh government will be stunned to see how quickly international opinion turns against it if it starts sending unwilling Rohingya refugees back into harm's way in Myanmar," said Bill Frelick, refugee rights director. "That Dhaka deployed its army into the camps is a red flag that this terrified community is not willing to return."

Under pressure from China, Bangladesh and Myanmar officials met in Dhaka on October 30 and 31, the third meeting of a joint working group to carry out a bilateral repatriation agreement signed in November 2017. Following the meeting, representatives announced that they had a "very concrete plan" to begin repatriations in mid-November, with the first round to include 2,260 Rohingya from 485 families. According to Myanmar officials, the plan calls for 150 refugees to be received each day, starting on November 15, at the Nga Khu Ya reception center before being transferred to the Hla Poe Kaung transit camp.

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Arkiveringsdatum 181108:

Amnesty International 18-10-22:

USA/ Facts and figures on illegal pushbacks, arbitrary detention and ill treatment till sidans topp

Amnesty International's view on US authorities' family separation numbers:

+ There has still not been a proper reckoning of the scale of abuse by US authorities in the family separations scandal.

+ The US Congress must act immediately to publicly investigate and establish an exhaustive record of family separations by US authorities, and pass legislation prohibiting the separation and indefinite detention of children and families.

+ US authorities must reveal their full statistics on family separations for public scrutiny, ensure that all those families are reunited, and guarantee this never happens again.

DHS statistics on family separations

+ In total, the US Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has admitted to separating approximately 8,000 "family units" in 2017 and 2018, yet has also cast doubt on the accuracy of its own statistics.

This number excludes the period from 1 March to 18 April 2018, when Amnesty International and other organizations documented additional family separations.

+ In September 2018, the DHS agency Customs and Border Protection (CBP) informed Amnesty International that it separated 6,022 "family units" between 19 April and 15 August 2018.

CBP clarified in October 2018 that the figure of 6,022 likely referred to individuals in families, and not family groups of multiple people.

Even if referring to individuals in families, this is the highest number disclosed by CBP on the scale of its family separations policy.

Until July 2018, the highest number provided publicly by the Trump administration was under 2,700 children, separated from an unknown number of adults.

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AIDA 18-10-19:

Turkiet/ Refugees at the border faced with choice between detention and return till sidans topp

A recent report from The Guardian documents increasing barriers to access to the Turkish territory for Syrian refugees. People arriving at the border province of Hatay are pressured into signing "voluntary return" documents, advised by authorities that they are either to waive their right to seek protection or face indefinite detention.

The Turkish Directorate General for Migration Management (DGMM) has stated to The Guardian that 250,000 Syrians have opted for voluntary return until now and that, in line with the principle of non-refoulement, no deportations of Syrians have been carried out. Human rights organisations have, however, documented cases of arbitrary detention and deportation of Syrians from Hatay, as well as Iraqis from Van, and Afghans from Erzurum and Osmaniye in the past two years. The reports corroborate allegations of coercion into signing voluntary return documents.

According to the report, stricter controls on the movement of refugees within the country's territory have resulted in Syrians being placed in Removal Centres such as O?uzeli, Gaziantep with a view to deportation. So far this year, UNHCR has been contacted by 117 people detained in Gaziantep who have been scheduled for deportation to Syria. Refugees detained in Removal Centres such as Gaziantep and Hatay face substandard living conditions, while lawyers' access to them is hindered by different obstacles.

Pre-removal detention is a persisting problem in Turkey, as judicial review of detention orders remains ineffective. A significant majority of magistrates' court rulings on detention review continue to uphold DGMM detention orders without rigorous assessment, while courts often refrain from performing periodic reviews in accordance with the law.

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Källor: Informationen på denna sida är hämtad från följande källor (externa länkar): EU (kommissionen, ministerrådet, parlamentet och domstolen), Europarådet (mr-kommissionären, domstolen, kommittén mot tortyr), FN:s flyktingkommissariat UNHCR, FN:s kommitté mot tortyr m.fl. FN-organ, Sveriges Radio, SvT, andra svenska media via Nyhetsfilter och pressmeddelanden via Newsdesk, utländska media till exempel via Are You Syrious och Rights in Exile, internationella organisationer som Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, ECRE, Statewatch och Picum, organisationer i Sverige som Rädda Barnen, Asylrättscentrum, Svenska Amnesty, FARR och #vistårinteut samt myndigheter och politiska organ som Migrationsverket, Sveriges domstolar, JO, Justitiedepartementet m.fl. departement och Sveriges Riksdag.

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