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Arkiveringsdatum 211231:

Picum 21-12-09:

Europa/ Vaccinating Europe's undocumented: A policy scorecard till sidans topp

This blog post was authored by Francesca Pierigh, project coordinator of Vaccinating Europe's Undocumented: A Policy Scorecard, at Lighthouse Reports.

Since March 2021, investigative nonprofit newsroom Lighthouse Reports has been working with PICUM to assess European vaccination policies and strategies, in terms of how inclusive they are of undocumented people. We embarked on a joint data journalism project to try and answer one apparently simple question: are undocumented people included in the vaccination efforts of European governments?

The answer is anything but straightforward. Policies are for the most part vague and open to interpretation. This can be a purposeful means of avoiding a charged political debate while still providing for this population, or it can be an exclusionary tactic to deny undocumented people access to the vaccines.

We collected all publicly available documentation related to the vaccination programmes (strategies, implementation plans, policies, but also statements from public health and national authorities) and assessed it through a questionnaire developed collaboratively by PICUM and Lighthouse Reports.

All answers we gathered were then cleaned, checked and validated by the team at Lighthouse Reports, where a data scientist turned them into scores. The results are 18 national Scorecards, one for each country we analysed.

The Scorecard is divided into five sections, each one attempting to assess a different aspect of vaccination policies and access for the undocumented:

+ Policy Transparency evaluates government efforts to make national vaccine policies available to the public;

+ Access for the Undocumented assesses whether language is inclusive or exclusionary and whether some of the practical barriers have been addressed;


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Arkiveringsdatum 211018:

Human Rights Watch 21-10-08:

Frankrike/ Enforced misery - The degrading treatment of migrant children and adults till sidans topp

Five years after French authorities dismantled a sprawling migrant encampment on the edge of Calais, large numbers of migrants continue to arrive in northern France, many in the hope of crossing the Channel to reach the United Kingdom. Today, some 2,000 migrants-including hundreds of unaccompanied children-are living in wooded areas, in and around disused warehouses, and under bridges in and around Calais. Several hundred more are staying in a forest in Grande-Synthe, a commune adjacent to the northern French town of Dunkerque (Dunkirk).

Repeated mass evictions from encampments and other policing efforts to push migrant adults and children out of Calais and Grande-Synthe have not discouraged new arrivals and do not appear to have reduced irregular Channel crossings. But policing practices in these two towns, along with policies that restrict distributions of food, water, and other essentials by humanitarian groups, have made migrants' lives increasingly miserable. Policing operations in Calais and Grande-Synthe have left the adults and children living in encampments "constantly on alert" and "visibly in a state of physical and mental exhaustion," the French Defender of Rights observed after a September 2020 visit.

Police undertake routine eviction operations that require migrants to move off the land they occupy temporarily while police confiscate tents migrants have not managed to take with them-often cutting them open so that they are unusable-along with other belongings left behind. "We do this every other day," Abel N., an Eritrean man, told Human Rights Watch in October 2020 after we observed people moving their tents off a field in preparation for one such eviction. Usually the migrants have to leave their temporary settlement for no more than 20 minutes to half an hour, before returning to set up again. Most Calais encampments were subject to these routine eviction operations every 48 hours in 2020 and the first half of 2021. In Grande-Synthe, these evictions took place once or twice a week.


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Arkiveringsdatum 210808:

Picum July 2021:

Europa/ COVID-19 and undocumented migrants: what is happening in Europe? till sidans topp

COVID-19 has greatly impacted undocumented migrants in Europe. Scroll down this page to find out more about the impact of the pandemic on this population, and about access to the COVID-19 vaccines in Europe.


This map looks at two critical factors affecting access to the COVID-19 vaccines in Europe for undocumented migrants: the absence of administrative barriers and protection from immigration control consequences of getting the vaccines.

As for administrative access, we consider in particular whether it is possible for undocumented migrants to register for or otherwise get their vaccination without the need to give proof of residence or identity or other documents that many undocumented people simply cannot provide (for instance, a social security number).

As for protection from immigration control, we consider whether there are clear safeguards ("firewalls") against exposure to immigration control, through data protection and freedom from checks or arrest at vaccination centres.

This map focuses on delivery of the COVID-19 vaccines and doesn't provide information about the accessibility of other health care more generally in a country, which in most parts of the EU remains very restricted for undocumented people. This map is a living document, which we're updating as national policies and practices evolve, and as more information becomes available.

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Picum 21-07-29: Covid -19 vaccines for undocumented migrants. Achieving equitable access (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 210701:

Picum 21-06-24:

Europa/ Employers' sanctions: Will the EU take steps to protect migrant workers? till sidans topp

EU countries should do better to protect undocumented migrant workers' rights under existing EU rules. This is what the EU Fundamental Rights Agency found in their latest report. The research finds major gaps in the implementation of the Employers Sanctions' Directive when it comes to enabling exploited workers to get justice, nearly ten years since it came into force on 20 July 2011. It highlights the need to improve complaints systems, access to compensation and residence permits, and ensure labour inspectorates focus on protecting workers and not immigration law. This research echoes the experiences of our members.

This issue is not new. The European Commission's (EC) own website summarises two main findings from its first evaluation report of the Employers' Sanctions Directive from 2014[1]: there are differences in the severity of the punishment in different EU countries, and there is room for improvement in all areas offering protection to irregular migrants.[2]

Nonetheless, the EU has done little to encourage such improvements so far, and rather has pursued policies focused on stepping up detention and deportation that run at odds with fundamental rights. Only one evaluation report of the Employers' Sanctions Directive was published in 2014, and the European Commission has since remained silent regarding undocumented workers' labour rights.

Later this year, an evaluation report from the European Commission is finally expected, together with a political direction regarding the future of the policy.

While organisations representing workers have, and continue to, express concerns around the Directive, PICUM recognises and regularly uses its provisions that explicitly reaffirm undocumented workers' labour rights.


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Arkiveringsdatum 210226:

PICUM 21-02-11:

Europa/ The covid-19 vaccination campaigns and undocumented migrants till sidans topp

International and EU bodies have recommended addressing marginalised communities, including migrants in situations of vulnerability, in national vaccination strategies. In Europe, however, national approaches vary a lot.

For undocumented people, who are excluded from the health systems of most European countries, the pandemic and the lockdown measures have exacerbated pre-existing conditions of social exclusion and destitution. Several European countries, regions and cities adopted measures to support this population during the pandemic, including through targeted regularisation programmes. But what is being done with regards to the vaccination campaign, one of the most important tools we have to protect people against COVID-19?

We have been monitoring the news and exchanging with our members and followers, and we have compiled a map that shows which countries are explicitly including undocumented migrants in their vaccination strategies, and which ones are explicitly excluding them. Regardless of whether the strategies mention undocumented migrants or not, it's crucial to note that practical barriers to the vaccines exist in virtually all countries.


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Arkiveringsdatum 200426:

IOM 20-04-21:

Ryssland/ Presidential decree 'of immense help' to vulnerable migrants till sidans topp

The Russian Federation is home to an estimated 12 million migrants, most of whom arrive from neighbouring, former Soviet states. All told, they generate an estimated USD 13 billion annually in remittances, which make a major contribution to the economies of the wider region.

The COVID-19 pandemic has left millions of these international labour migrants stranded, or else facing uncertain futures. Many toil in low-skilled, unregulated areas and are unable to return to their home countries. Many also fear not being readmitted to the Russian Federation if they leave, or worry that once their work permits lapse, they will lose residency status.

They have less to fear today. Over the weekend a Presidential Decree was issued to regulate the legal status of foreign nationals for an interim period of three months.

The move was warmly welcomed by IOM, with Abdusattor Esoev, Chief of Mission in the Russian Federation saying, "This announcement is crucial and will be an immense practical help to thousands of migrants who have lost their jobs and who are now stranded all over this vast country."

The decree means that migrants will not have to pay fees for permits, allowing them to find jobs more quickly and to retain their legal status.

While the announcement helps many people in the country, IOM notes that migrants still face enormous challenges amid the worsening epidemiological situation in the country.

The number of cases has topped 50,000 and is increasing by almost 15 per cent each day. The worst hit areas are Moscow (city and region), which combined host almost 70 per cent of Russia's cases. These are also two areas where the number of migrants is the highest compared to the rest of the country.


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Arkiveringsdatum 200125:

Mayor of London januari 2020:

Storbritannien/ London's children and young people who are not British citizens till sidans topp

Undocumented Londoners, many of whom are entitled to British Citizenship, are struggling to access their rights in the country they call home. Without legal status, they face restrictions in accessing higher education, employment, healthcare and housing - despite being born in the UK or having spent most of their lives here. They are unable to register to vote and face barriers to participating in daily life.

Following changes in Government policies and cuts since 2010, more individuals have risked becoming undocumented with fewer prospects to secure their status. Londoners who try to secure their status in the UK face a long, complex and expensive process. Some of the young people affected are the family members of the Windrush generation, who were failed by the Government and are still struggling to secure their status in the UK.

Many more are now at risk of becoming undocumented as a result of Brexit. European Londoners who live and work in the capital could face losing their rights overnight if they are unable to access the EU Settlement Scheme. If just five percent of people required to apply fail to secure their status, it would equate to 50,000 more Londoners without proper documentation and subject to the Government's discriminatory hostile environment.

The Mayor of London is committed to supporting Londoners to access their rights to residency and citizenship. To do this effectively, it is necessary to know the current number of undocumented Londoners struggling without immigration status. This summary report aims to provide robust, evidence-based estimates of the size of the undocumented population in London and the UK.

For Londoners who are struggling without their status, the Mayor is calling on the Government to:

1. reinstate legal aid for children's immigration cases;

2. reduce the extortionate profit-making element of immigration fees; and


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Arkiveringsdatum 191129:

Picum 19-11-27:

Europa/ Formerly undocumented women address parliament for children's rights till sidans topp

On the 30th anniversary of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, five young women, once undocumented, participated in the high-level celebration at the European Parliament on November 20.

Akhrat Selevani, one of the young women, addressed the Parliament and international delegates to share her experience of growing up undocumented in the Netherlands. Akhrat had come to the Netherlands from Iraq in 2005 as a six-year-old but was granted residence papers only in 2014.

During her speech, Akhrat talked about the challenges undocumented children and teenagers face to access decent housing - remembering how she had to move five times in her first year in te Netherlands. She also addressed the fact that undocumented young people cannot access education once they turn 18, as well as their inability to co-decide on matters that affect them the most.

At PICUM we believe it is crucial for policy-makers to listen to young undocumented people directly if we are to have policies that take their best interests into account. We were delighted to host these five young women, all of them Youth Ambassadors for Defence for Children The Netherlands, and set up meetings for them to discuss their perspectives on living undocumented and migration policies with officials from the European Parliament and the European Commission, as well as a joint meeting with Mrs Velina Todorova, vice-chair of the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child.

On the 30th anniversary of the Convention, we joined other international civil society organisations and UN agencies in calling EU leaders to effectively implement the rights of the child, regardless of their residence status.


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Arkiveringsdatum 190703:

Comparative Migration Studies 19-06-27:

Malta/ Lost in limbo? Navigating practices of appropriation of non-deportable refugees till sidans topp

Sarah Nimführ Buba Sesay

Malta, an island-state, limits the mobility of non-deportable, rejected asylum seekers who want to leave due to the lived consequences of disintegration. Stripped of any legal entitlements non-deportable refugees only have restricted access to the job market, basic services, and health care. They have no formal legal status whilst their presence and stay are known by the immigration authorities. However, although non-deportability restricts refugees' mobility, they find ways to navigate the system governing their physical and social immobilities.

Based on (auto-)ethnographic fieldwork conducted in Malta and Italy, non-deportable, rejected asylum seekers' lived experiences of first reception in Malta and migrating to Italy are illuminated. While enacting their denied right of mobility, new challenges reveal themselves, resulting in a life in limbo that continues even after they leave Malta. Through the conceptual lens of the 'perspective of migration' we consider the making and unmaking of refugees' (im)mobilities. In doing so, we pursue a three-stage approach. First, we shed light on produced immobilities while in Malta. Second, we explore refugees' practices of appropriation of mobility and third, we turn to new possibilities and challenges they face after a secondary movement to Italy. From a micro-analytical perspective, we examine how non-deportable refugees navigate the system governing their social and physical (im)mobilities. Practices of resistance and conciliation are illustrated.

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Källor: Informationen på denna sida är hämtad från följande källor (externa länkar): EU (kommissionen, ministerrådet, parlamentet och domstolen), Europarådet (mr-kommissionären, domstolen, kommittén mot tortyr), FN:s flyktingkommissariat UNHCR, FN:s kommitté mot tortyr m.fl. FN-organ, Sveriges Radio, SvT, andra svenska media via Nyhetsfilter och pressmeddelanden via Newsdesk, utländska media till exempel via Are You Syrious och Rights in Exile, internationella organisationer som Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, ECRE, Statewatch och Picum, organisationer i Sverige som Rädda Barnen, Asylrättscentrum, Svenska Amnesty, FARR och #vistårinteut samt myndigheter och politiska organ som Migrationsverket, Sveriges domstolar, JO, Justitiedepartementet m.fl. departement och Sveriges Riksdag.

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