fåglar flyger

ASYLNYTT

Aktuellt nyhetsbrev

Fridh advokatbyrå

Sponsrad av Fridh Advokatbyrå

ARKIV:

Nya regler och lagförslag

Flyktinggrupper, landpraxis

Gränser: passage och hinder

Mottagande av asylsökande

Asylutredning och procedur

Skäl för och emot tillstånd

Tvång, hot och deportationer

Papperslösa, gömda, utvisade

Stöd och solidaritet

EU:s flykting- och gränspolitik

Allmänt om migration, statistik

Integration och uppföljning

Debatt och partipolitik

Kultur, personer, diverse

Flyktinggruppernas Riksråd, FARR

menybox Asylnytt startsida Praxisnotiser Kalender FARR:s hemsida

Asylnytt - Arkiv

Allmänt om migration, statistik

Trafficking, människohandel

Information från myndigheter och organisationer

Länk till pressklipp


Arkiveringsdatum 211104:

FRA 21-10-18:

EU Agencies present overview of actions to protect victims of human trafficking till sidans topp

The European Union agencies active in the field of justice and home affairs have presented the first full overview of actions to help victims of trafficking in human beings. The main operational activities are listed in a joint report of the Justice and Home Affairs Agencies Network (JHAAN) published today at the occasion of EU Anti-Trafficking Day under the leadership of Eurojust. The report is a key building block of the EU Strategy on combatting trafficking in human beings and serves as a key reference document for national authorities engaged in tackling human trafficking.

"Human trafficking is a blight on humanity and has no place in society," said Michael O'Flaherty, Director of the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA). "As EU agencies, we stand together working to eradicate the suffering and exploitation of vulnerable people who fall victim to unscrupulous traffickers. This report underlines our joint commitment and showcases the practical steps we are taking to end this shameful and illegal practice."

During the Eurojust Presidency of the JHAAN, for the first time, a compendium was made of all different actions taken by CEPOL, EASO, EIGE, eu-LISA, Eurojust, Europol, FRA and Frontex, to reach out to victims of human trafficking at all stages of prevention, investigations, operations and legal proceedings. The initiative is a concrete result following the Joint Statement of commitment to work together against trafficking in human beings , signed in 2018.

The JHAAN report of today aims to make Member States more aware of the Agencies' potential in helping the early identification and protection of victims. Furthermore, it encourages them to cooperate closely with the Agencies involved in this area and to build on their expertise. The report responds to one of the key actions of the EU Strategy on Combatting Trafficking in Human Beings 2021-2025.

(...)

Läs mer (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Arkiveringsdatum 210504:

EASO 21-04-26:

EASO publishes a COI report: Nigeria - Trafficking in Human Beings till sidans topp

After the peak of some 47 000 applications for international protection in 2016, Nigerians have sought asylum in the EU+ less frequently: around 23 000 in 2018-2019 and just above 13 000 in 2020. So far in 2021 (January-March), Nigerians lodged over 3 600 applications in the EU+. Since 2018, there has been a gradual increase in the share of repeated applications in the same reporting country. In the first three months of 2021, more than each third Nigerian application in the EU+ was lodged repeatedly. In the last six months (October 2020 - March 2021), the number of first instance decisions increased by about a quarter compared to the preceding six months. In the same period, the EU+ recognition rate for Nigerians was 12 %, stable compared to the preceding half a year. At the end of February 2021, some 14 600 Nigerian applications were pending at first instance. More than two thirds of them were awaiting a decision for longer than six months.

This report is part of a series of two COI reports on Nigeria produced in 2021. The reports provide information relevant for international protection status determination for Nigerian applicants, and in particular for use in updating EASO's country guidance development on Nigeria.

The report, EASO COI Report: Nigeria - Trafficking in Human Beings, is an update and expansion of the 2015 EASO COI report on Sex Trafficking of women in NIgeria.

(...)

Läs mer och hämta rapporten (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Arkiveringsdatum 210226:

ECtHR / Elena legal update 21-02-19:

ECtHR: criminal prosecution of victims of trafficking did not comply with obligations till sidans topp

On 16 February 2021, the European Court of Human Rights ruled in the case of V.C.L. and A.N. v. The United Kingdom (applications nos. 77587/12 and 74603/12).

The case concerns the arrest of two Vietnamese nationals charged and convicted with drug production; they were later confirmed to be minors. Despite concerns raised by social services and assessments made by the competent authorities regarding their potential status as victims of trafficking they were prosecuted and convicted for the offences. Further appeals were also dismissed on the basis of prosecutorial discretion with the Court of Appeal finding that the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) was not bound by the findings of anti-trafficking authorities.

The European Court of Human Rights reiterated the procedural guarantees under Article 4, clarifying that the positive obligations of victim protection and investigation do not depend on a motion filed by a victim. Such obligations are triggered as soon as there are reasonable grounds to believe that there is credible suspicion of trafficking. Consequently, although prosecution of victims of trafficking is not prohibited per se, a decision on whether to prosecute should only be taken following an assessment made by qualified personnel; even more so in cases concerning children. Any prosecutorial decision will then have to take account this assessment and, although not bound by it, a prosecutor would have to clearly state any reasons to continue with the prosecution. In the present case, the CPS failed to consider available information around the subtle and particular psychological aspects of a trafficked child's experience despite existing guidance and domestic jurisprudence.

The Court further examined the Article 6 aspects of the case and found that the lack of proper investigation and assessment of the potential situation of trafficking deprived the applicants of important information regarding their status that could affect their prosecution, a deprivation that directly affected their right to defence.

(...)

Referatet från ELENA (Extern länk)

Case of V.C.L. and A.N. v. the United Kingdom, Applications nos. 77587/12 and 74603/12 (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Arkiveringsdatum 210125:

Migrationsverket 21-01-18:

Fortsatt högt antal misstänkta fall av människohandel för 2020 till sidans topp

Antalet misstänkta fall av människohandel låg på höga nivåer för 2020. Detta trots en halvering av antalet asylsökande jämfört med fjolåret.

- Vi kan konstatera att antalet misstänkta fall inte är så beroende av antalet asylsökande, säger Lisa Hultin-Knutas, Migrationsverkets centrala samordnare i arbetet mot människohandel.

Under 2020 identifierade Migrationsverket 366 fall av misstänkt människohandel, vilket var färre än året före då 481 fall upptäcktes av verket.

- Men vi betraktar det ändå som en hög siffra med tanke på de resebegränsningar som rått på grund av coronapandemin, säger Lisa Hultin-Knutas.

Inreseförbud runtom i Europa har under året lett till färre asylsökande. 2020 sökte knappt 13 000 personer asyl, jämfört med 21 000 förra året. Att Migrationsverket kunnat rapportera så pass många fall av misstänkt människohandel beror på insatser inom utbildning och information. Det bekräftar trenden sedan flera år tillbaka att antalet rapporter om misstänkt människohandel ökar.

- Migrationsverket har ett tydligt regeringsuppdrag där vi ska bistå till att motverka människohandel. Det är en viktig del i Migrationsverkets arbete att upptäcka de som utnyttjas, säger Lisa Hultin Knutas.

I nivå med förra året

Antalet misstänkta fall av personer som utnyttjas på ett otillbörligt sätt på arbetsmarknaden ligger i nivå med förra året, vilket gör det till den vanligaste formen av misstänkt människohandel under 2020; 171 rapporterade fall jämfört med 179 förra året. Att personer utnyttjas på arbetsmarknaden förekommer inom alla processer på Migrationsverket, men flest fall upptäcks inte inom prövningen av arbetstillstånd utan andra typer av tillstånd, till exempel skyddsprövningen.

(...)

Hela artikeln med diagram (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Arkiveringsdatum 200805:

Delmi 20-05-06:

Anti-smuggling and Anti-trafficking Measures compatible with the EU Charter? till sidans topp

Report and Policy Brief 2020:4

Human smuggling and human trafficking might lead to serious human suffering and death. The aim of the fight against smuggling and trafficking is to prevent such suffering and protect vulnerable people. However, could the European Union's actual measures for their prevention lead to human rights law violations?

2020 marks the 20th anniversary of the adoption of the U.N. Protocol to Prevent, Suppress, and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, known as the Palermo Protocol. It is then worth to evaluate which efforts have been carried out in order to prevent trafficking, but also the consequences of it. The report Anti-smuggling and Anti-trafficking Measures: Are they compatible with the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights? (Delmi 2020:4) examines the compatibility of the EU measures against human smuggling and human trafficking with the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights. The measures, which are part of the EU's externalisation and outsourcing of migration control to third countries, are not new. However, since 2016 the EU has been prioritising these forms of controls by providing incentives for third countries to restrict the movement of migrants.

The containment of people in third countries and preventing people from leaving, interfere with the right to asylum, including the right to leave to seek asylum. The measures that interfere with this right must also pursue legitimate objectives in order to be permissible, e.g. saving lives.

The report concludes that the EU and its Member States might have failed to fulfil their positive obligations to ensure the right to life. It also concludes that the EU and its Member States might be in violation of the right to leave to seek asylum.

The report is written by Dr. Vladislava Stoyanova, Associate Professor at Lund University.

The Delmi Report Anti-smuggling and Anti-trafficking Measures: Are they compatible with the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights? (2020:4) is launched at this website 6 May 2020.

Hämta rapporten (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

UNHCR 20-07-30:

UNHCR warns of COVID-19-related trafficking for refugees, displaced and stateless till sidans topp

With COVID-19 increasing needs and vulnerabilities of refugees and internally displaced and stateless people, UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, is concerned that the impacts of the pandemic are also heightening their risks to trafficking and exploitation.

"Enforced measures to control the pandemic and worsening socio-economic conditions are having serious implications for those forcibly displaced. Those now faced with lost livelihoods and abject poverty can be targets for traffickers that are unscrupulously exploiting and profiteering from their vulnerabilities," said UNHCR's Assistant High Commissioner for Protection, Gillian Triggs.

Trafficking, a crime in which a person is tricked or trapped into a situation of exploitation for another person's private gain or profit, can take various forms, from sexual exploitation, forced labour, slavery, organ removal, forced recruitment into armed groups, forced marriages and forced begging among others.

While data on trafficking is difficult to come by owing to the hidden nature of the crime, global estimates indicate that millions of people are trafficked worldwide.

"Away from home and with varying accessibilities to essential services and social protection networks in host countries, refugees and internally displaced people are among those most at risk," said Triggs.

"COVID-19-related impacts ranging from movement restrictions to the closure or reduced availability of essential help and support services may confine many victims, limiting their ability to escape or seek help."

Ongoing conflict and displacement also continue to add to the risk of refugees resorting to desperate and dangerous journeys in search of safety, falling prey to criminal smuggling networks.

(...)

Hela pressmeddelandet (Extern länk)

Sveriges Radio Ekot 20-07-27: FN: Flyktingar fastnar vid gränserna under coronakrisen (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Arkiveringsdatum 200523:

Asylrättscentrum 20-05-19:

Den tillfälliga lagen begränsar möjligheten för traffickingoffer att få uppehållstillstånd till sidans topp

Situationen för människohandelns offer har uppmärksammats mycket de senaste dagarna. En fråga många kanske ställer sig är vad som migrationsrättsligt händer med traffickingoffer som berättar för svenska myndigheter om vad de utsatts för. Det är inte självklart att det leder till att de beviljas ett uppehållstillstånd. Möjligheten att bevilja uppehållstillstånd för personer som har utsatts för människohandel har dessutom begränsats sedan den tillfälliga lagen infördes 2016.

Kan få uppehållstillstånd som flykting eller alternativt skyddsbehövande

Det enskilda traffickingoffrets möjlighet att beviljas uppehållstillstånd i Sverige på grund av vad hen har utsatts för beror på situationen för just den personen. Om en person som har utsatts för människohandel vid ett återvändande till sitt hemland på grund av detta riskerar döden eller omänsklig eller förnedrande behandling har personen vad som i migrationsrättslig mening kallas för skyddsskäl. I ett sådant fall kan offret beviljas uppehållstillstånd som flykting eller alternativt skyddsbehövande, beroende på omständigheterna i just den personens fall.

Det är dock inte ovanligt att det inte ses som ett skyddsskäl att ha varit utsatt för människohandel. Det kan ha att göra med att människohandeln har ägt rum i ett annat land än där personen i fråga är medborgare eller där den som statslös har sin vanliga vistelseort. Det kan också vara så att svenska myndigheter anser att personen i fråga kan vända sig till sitt hemlands myndigheter för att få skydd mot att på nytt utsättas för trafficking.

Tillfälligt uppehållstillstånd under brottsutredningen

(...)

Läs mer (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Arkiveringsdatum 200208:

Europarådet 20-01-30:

Combating human trafficking and disappearances of refugee children till sidans topp

The Council of Europe should "do more to combat human trafficking and to ensure that its legal standards are adequate and implemented by all member States", the Assembly declared today during a joint debate.

In an adopted resolution, based on the report prepared by Vernon Coaker (United Kingdom, SOC), the Assembly noted with deep concern the high numbers of victims of human trafficking in Europe, "of which the largest proportion concerns the exploitation of the prostitution of others, forced labour and organ trafficking as well as trafficking for the purpose of forced marriage and illegal adoption".

Preventing trafficking and providing protection to victims "must be of highest priority", the parliamentarians said. For this purpose, member States should in particular ensure that victims of human trafficking are not penalised, that they receive adequate health services and legal assistance, and that witness protection programmes exist for their testimony against human traffickers.

During the same debate, the Assembly called on national parliaments and governments of the Member States to do "whatever is necessary and required in the best interests of the child" to avoid the disappearance of thousands of child refugees and migrants around the world.

While recalling that all Council of Europe member states are parties to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child and therefore must uphold the best interests of children as a primary consideration, the parliamentarians called on governments to ensure that reception conditions and care for child migrant and refugees fulfil the basic rights and needs of these people.

(...)

Hämta antagna resolutioner (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Arkiveringsdatum 200125:

Migrationsverket 20-01-17:

Stadig ökning av anmälningar om människohandel till sidans topp

Under 2019 upptäckte Migrationsverket 481 fall av misstänkt människohandel, vilket är nästan hundra fler jämfört med året före. Det framgår när Migrationsverket nu sammanställt statistiken för 2019.

- Vi blir bättre och bättre på att upptäcka misstänkt människohandel, säger Migrationsverkets centrala samordnare för människohandel, Lisa Hultin Knutas.

Migrationsverkets insatser för att upptäcka misstänkt människohandel har lett till att myndighetens medarbetare kunnat rapportera allt fler fall av misstänkt människohandel till polisen. Det bekräftar trenden sedan flera år tillbaka att antalet rapporter om misstänkt människohandel ökar.

- Att systematiskt utnyttja människor som befinner sig i en utsatt situation är ett allvarligt brott. Därför är det en viktig del i Migrationsverkets arbete att upptäcka de som utnyttjas, säger Lisa Hultin Knutas.

Det går dock inte att säga om ökningen även betyder att människohandeln i Sverige ökar i omfattning.

- Vi kan bara konstatera att vi har blivit bättre på det här området och att våra insatser leder till att vi upptäcker fler misstänkta fall, säger Lisa Hultin Knutas.

Kompetensen har ökat stadigt i takt med att stora utbildningsinsatser genomförts. Under 2019 har även specifika insatser gett resultat. Migrationsverkets förvar i Märsta har till exempel satsat extra på att utbilda sina medarbetare om människohandel, vilket lett till att personalen där har rapporterat fler ärenden.

Unga kvinnor utsätts ofta

För att upptäcka misstänkt människohandel finns flera indikationer som Migrationsverkets medarbetare är extra uppmärksamma på i kontakter med sökande. Det kan röra sig om människor som arbetar i Sverige men uppger att de inte har ett bankkort eller att de byter adress ofta.

(...)

Läs mer (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Arkiveringsdatum 200107:

Migrationsverket 19-12-17:

Delstaten Edo - det nigerianska navet för migration och människohandel till sidans topp

/Ur sammanfattningen:/

Andelen kvinnliga nigerianska migranter i Europa som är offer för människohandel i sexuellt ändamål har rapporterats vara enorm: 2016 uppskattades den uppgå till 80 % av de cirka 10 000 kvinnor/flickor som anlände till Italien via den Centrala Medelhavsrutten. Ungefär lika stor andel uppskattas ha rest från Benin City i Edo. De flesta sägs ha sin hemvist i Benin City eller byar i dess närhet och den mest förekommande folkgruppen, både bland offer och förövare, uppges vara edofolket.

Migrationsanalys konstaterar att det finns stor variation avseende typ, storlek och organisation bland människohandelns förövare. Små konstellationer kan bestå av några närstående som i vissa fall kan ha förbindelser med större nätverk. Större aktörer rapporteras ibland ha kopplingar till eliten och kan såsom Black Axe Confraternity vara del av den organiserade brottsligheten som även bidrar starkt till lokal kriminalitet. Människohandeln involverar vidare en rad olika kategorier av människor som är delaktiga efter yrkesfärdighet eller position, även myndighetspersoner.

De svåra levnadsförhållandena har av allt att döma starkt bidragit till det nav för migration och människohandel som etablerats i Edo och Benin City. Migrationsanalys finner därtill att statens bristande kapacitet och integritet inom centrala områden är en mycket viktig faktor i sammanhanget och så även externa faktorer såsom internationell efterfrågan på sex och arbetskraft samt sedan länge etablerade relationer med Europa.

(...)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Arkiveringsdatum 190801:

IOM 19-07-26:

Safe migration pathways key to tackling human trafficking, slavery, forced labour till sidans topp

A new report out today (26/07) examines the connection between migration and modern slavery and focuses on which migrants are most vulnerable to being forced into modern slavery, and under what circumstances.

Prepared by Minderoo Foundation's Walk Free initiative and the International Organization for Migration (IOM) for the Alliance 8.7 Action Group on Migration, the report provides recommendations on key steps governments can take to address this risk.

The report confirms certain sub-groups of migrants are at particular risk. These include migrants who are fleeing violence and conflict, migrants who have been dislocated from community and family support structures without access to legitimate forms of employment, legal status or social protection, and migrants who are moving or working through irregular channels. Other vulnerable types include migrants who are working in sectors that are out of sight (such as work at sea or in private homes) or in sectors of the economy that are not covered by labour laws.

Child and adolescent migrants are particularly vulnerable, creating the need for governments to offer better protections, such as family reunification schemes. Female and male migrants are vulnerable to abuse but in different ways - with women experiencing higher rates of modern slavery in domestic work, the sex industry and through forced marriage - while male migrants are more likely to be exploited through forced labour in the construction and manufacturing sectors.

The report notes that some government policies could have the effect of increasing vulnerability of certain groups of migrants. Restrictive migration policies that seek to ban or limit certain forms of migration can have unintended consequences, such as driving risky practices underground or trapping vulnerable people in dangerous situations.

Key findings

(...)

Läs mer och hämta rapporten (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Arkiveringsdatum 190620:

Refugees International 19-05-21:

Abused, blamed, and refused: Protection denied to women and children trafficked till sidans topp

The current U.S. administration asserts that its border policies are designed to protect women and children from traffickers. However, its actions tell a very different story. Over the course of the last two years, the administration has failed to protect trafficking victims, as reflected in a dramatic increase in denials of visas for them, resulting from a new and highly restrictive interpretation of requirements under the Trafficking Victims Protection Act. A review of all published appeals of applications for visas for victims of trafficking since 2017 shows that the administration's decision-making has been particularly dismissive of claims by women and children who have been trafficked over the southwestern border, and has effectively blamed them for their own victimization. Recently implemented policies also scare survivors from coming forward to report abuse and even push them into the hands of traffickers.

In 2000, Congress passed the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA), which created T visas for victims of severe labor or sex trafficking. Beyond proving that they have been forcibly transported for commercial sex or involuntary servitude, T visa applicants also must comply with reasonable requests to assist law enforcement in investigating and prosecuting their traffickers. In addition, they must prove they are physically present in the United States on account of trafficking, and that they would face "extreme hardship involving unusual and severe harm" if removed from the United States. T visas allow victims of trafficking who are in the United States without authorization to legalize their status and petition for the legal entry of certain family members. They also provide access to work permits and federally funded health and other benefits. Congress capped the number of T visas at 5,000 per year, but never more than one-third of that total have been provided in any given year.

(...)

Läs mer och hämta rapporten (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

FRA 19-06-13:

10 ways to protect children deprived of parental care and combat child trafficking till sidans topp

Almost one quarter of trafficked victims registered in the EU are children. EU child victims are twice the number of non EU child victims, with girls especially targeted. So what can be done? A new guide developed by FRA suggests 10 ways to protect children moving across EU Member States without parental care.

This child protection guide focuses on children deprived of parental care in EU Member States other than their own. It covers all children who need protection, particularly child trafficking victims.

FRA developed the guide in close cooperation with the European Commission Office of the EU Anti-trafficking Coordinator. It implements a key actionin the 2017 Communication stepping up EU action to address human trafficking, and is in line with the 2018 EU Agencies Joint Statement of Commitment to address human trafficking.

It aims at addressing the lack of a uniform approach across the EU to help such children in full compliance with international standards and EU law. Criminal and civil law come into play through the EU's Anti-Trafficking Directive, the Child Sexual Abuse and Exploitation Directive, the Victims' Directive and the Brussels IIa Regulation that covers cross-border family law matters.

It offers guidance on what to do from the moment the children are identified to the implementation and monitoring of a durable solution.

The guide is aimed at a wide range of relevant actors. These include police officers, child protection officers, guardians, central authorities dealing with cross-border child protection cases under the Brussels IIa Regulation, judges, lawyers, civil society representatives, as well as consular staff.

(...)

Hela pressmeddelandet (Extern länk)

Hämta guiden (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Arkiveringsdatum 181218:

EU-kommissionen 18-12-04:

Commission calls for continued action to eradicate trafficking in human beings till sidans topp

Today, the European Commission is presenting its Second Report on the progress made in the fight against trafficking in human beings.

Taking stock of measures taken since 2015, the report highlights the main trends in trafficking in human beings and outlines remaining challenges that the EU and Member States must address as a matter of priority.

The report shows that 20,532 men, women and children were registered as victims of trafficking in the EU in 2015-2016. However, the actual number is likely to be significantly higher as many victims remain undetected. Women and girls continue to be most vulnerable to trafficking (68%) while children represent 23% of registered victims.

Trafficking for sexual exploitation remains the most widespread form (56%), followed by trafficking for labour exploitation (26%). The level of prosecutions and convictions is low, with 5,979 prosecutions and 2,927 convictions reported and only 18 reported convictions for knowingly using services provided by victims. The report also highlights an increase in trafficking within Member States and targeting of younger victims and persons with disabilities. The use of Internet and social media to recruit victims is also noted as well as the heightened risk of trafficking in the context of migration.

While there have been certain improvements, particularly in relation to cross-border cooperation (demonstrated by the joint efforts of Europol and Eurojust), the phenomenon continues to evolve. As a result, the Commission outlines a number of priority areas for Member States to focus on to effectively combat trafficking in human beings:

Improved data collection: Member States should improve the recording and registration of data particularly on gender, age, forms of exploitation, citizenship of victims and perpetrators, as well as on assistance and protection;

(...)

Hela pressmeddelandet (Extern länk)

COM(2018)777, Rapporten på svenska mfl språk (Extern länk)

FRA 18-11-30: EU Anti-Trafficking Coordinator, FRA and Eurojust join forces against child trafficking (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Arkiveringsdatum 181125:

Migrationsverket 18-11-15:

Många blir offer för människohandel på vägen till Sverige till sidans topp

Under 2017 identifierade Migrationsverket 444 personer som misstänkta offer för människohandel. En tredjedel av dem uppger att de har blivit utsatta under resan till Sverige. Det kan bland annat handla om organhandel, prostitution och tvångsarbete.

Under 2017 identifierade Migrationsverket 444 personer som misstänkta offer för människohandel. En tredjedel av dem uppger att de har blivit utsatta under resan till Sverige. Det kan bland annat handla om organhandel, prostitution och tvångsarbete.

Under en uttagningsresa för att ta ut kvotflyktingar tidigare i år träffade Migrationsverkets delegation en ung man från nordöstra Afrika. Han berättade att han hade flytt sitt hemland och fått jobb inom restaurangbranschen i ett annat nordafrikanskt land. När lönen uteblev hamnade han i en svår ekonomisk situation, vilket utnyttjades av ett kriminellt gäng som lovade att hjälpa honom. Han fördes till en kustort vid Medelhavet där människor samlades för att ta gummibåtar över till Europa. Att den unge mannen inte hade råd med någon biljett var förövarna medvetna om och det var därför de hade fört honom dit: För att låta honom gå ombord skulle han betala med sina organ.

Människohandel är temat för Migrationsverkets medverkan i den årliga konferensen Mänskliga Rättighetsdagarna som inleds på Stockholmsmässan i dag. Förra året identifierad Migrationsverket 444 personer som offer för människohandel, drygt en tredjedel uppger att de blivit utsatta på vägen till Sverige. Organhandel är en form av människohandel som uppmärksammats av Migrationsverket först de senaste åren.

- För bara tre år sedan hade vi inte stött på ett enda sådant ärende. Nu möter vi varje år människor som berättar att de betalat för resan med sina organ, säger Kajsa Törnqvist Netz, nationell samordnare mot människohandel på Migrationsverket.

Omfattande organhandel

(...)

Läs mer (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Migrationsverket 18-11- 16:

Migrationsverkets arbete bakom många polisanmälningar om människohandel till sidans topp

Migrationsverket ligger bakom en stor del av de anmälningar om människohandel som kommer in till polisen.

- Den ökning vi sett de senaste åren beror till stor del på att Migrationsverket identifierar och rapporterar fler fall till oss, säger Kajsa Wahlberg, kriminalkommissarie och nationell rapportör i människohandelsfrågor på polisen.

Antalet anmälda brott som gäller människohandel för sexuella ändamål med barn ökade mellan 2015 och 2017 från 15 till 23 fall. Det visar statistik från Brottsförebyggande rådet. I de flesta fallen låg Migrationsverket bakom anmälan.

- Vi ser Migrationsverket som en väldigt viktig aktör i arbetet mot människohandel, säger kriminalkommissarie Kajsa Wahlberg.

Information från olika aktörer

Hon sammanställer de årliga rapporter om människohandel som Polismyndigheten tar fram på uppdrag av regeringen. I det arbetet jämför och analyserar hon information från den egna myndigheten med information från andra aktörer, exempelvis Migrationsverket och frivilligorganisationer.

- Olika aktörer har olika erfarenheter av människohandel beroende på vilka människor de möter, säger hon.

Att informationen kommer från olika håll gör att polisen får en bättre bild av exempelvis tillvägagångssätt hos kriminella gäng och särskilt riskfyllda flyktvägar. Informationen från Migrationsverket kan handla om kön och ålder på brottsoffren, varifrån de kommer och vilka former av människohandel som de har utsatts för. På senare år har Migrationsverket rapporterat till polisen om den människohandel för sexuella ändamål som drabbar kvinnor från Nigeria. Ofta smugglas de till Libyen och förs sedan med båt till Italien och Spanien.

(...)

Läs mer (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Arkiveringsdatum 181108:

Destination Unknown 18-10-18:

Human trafficking among migrants and refugees: Understanding what puts them at risk till sidans topp

While substantial evidence exists on the trafficking and exploitation of migrants and refugees on the Western Mediterranean migration route in Europe, little is known about trafficking in human beings along the Eastern Mediterranean Route. Yet almost 1.5 million people arrived in Europe through this route in 2015-2016.

Many of them were children, including children travelling alone. Initially moving through Turkey to Greece, people then travelled along the 'Western Balkans Route' to Germany, Sweden, Austria and other EU countries. Both along the route and at final destinations, many people and organisations helping refugees and migrants found themselves overstretched by the high numbers of people arriving and struggled to identify people who were at risk of or had been trafficked.

Destination Unknown member Terre des Hommes, with other organisations, recently conducted a study on how to assess the risk that a person is being or at risk of being trafficked, and what makes people more at risk of trafficking along the Balkans route and in selected destination countries. The study also investigated the gaps, needs, challenges and good practices in the identification, referral, protection and rehabilitation of victims of people trafficking who use this route.

The research found that while trafficking and exploitation are a major cause of concern for migrants and refugees travelling along the Western Balkans route, the number of identified victims remains extremely low. According to the study, this was due to a lack of adequate investment in identifying and assisting victims, including children - especially in the first reception and asylum systems for new arrivals.

(...)

Läs mer (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

European Institute for Gender Equality 18-10-18:

Gender-specific measures in anti-trafficking actions: report till sidans topp

Trafficking for sexual exploitation is the most commonly reported form of human trafficking in the European Union. It is a form of gender-based violence that disproportionately affects women. 95% of registered victims of trafficking for sexual exploitation in the EU are women or girls. Trafficking in women and girls remains a structural form of violence against women.

In this report, a gender perspective is applied as an analytical framework to examine the provisions and obligations under the Anti-Trafficking Directive and the Victims' Rights Directive. The Anti-Trafficking Directive introduces common provisions, taking into account a gender perspective, to strengthen the prevention of this crime and the protection of the victims. The analysis seeks to identify strengths and opportunities for improvement in the protection and response to the needs of victims of traf-ficking for sexual exploitation.The report provides guidance to Member States on gender-specific measures to better identify, help and support victims of trafficking in human beings.

Hämta rapporterna (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Källor: Informationen på denna sida är hämtad från följande källor (externa länkar): EU (kommissionen, ministerrådet, parlamentet och domstolen), Europarådet (mr-kommissionären, domstolen, kommittén mot tortyr), FN:s flyktingkommissariat UNHCR, FN:s kommitté mot tortyr m.fl. FN-organ, Sveriges Radio, SvT, andra svenska media via Nyhetsfilter och pressmeddelanden via Newsdesk, utländska media till exempel via Are You Syrious och Rights in Exile, internationella organisationer som Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, ECRE, Statewatch och Picum, organisationer i Sverige som Rädda Barnen, Asylrättscentrum, Svenska Amnesty, FARR och #vistårinteut samt myndigheter och politiska organ som Migrationsverket, Sveriges domstolar, JO, Justitiedepartementet m.fl. departement och Sveriges Riksdag.

Bevakning: Hjalte Lagercrantz och Sanna Vestin. Sammanställning: Sanna Vestin. Asylnytt är ett ideellt projekt. Sponsring avser prenumerationsavgifter. Tips emottages tacksamt.