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Arkivet har startat om och saknar material från perioden 180119 - 180513

Arkiveringsdatum 181125:

Amnesty International 18-11-15:

Sydkorea/ South Korea must go further to support Yemeni asylum-seekers till sidans topp

Autumn has arrived in the beautiful island of Jeju, a popular holiday destination for people across East Asia. As harvests of its famous mandarin oranges hit the street markets, hundreds of Yemenis who arrived in Jeju earlier this year are receiving the results of their applications for refugee status.

Fleeing the devastating conflict in their home country, some 550 Yemenis have arrived in Jeju this year. Most have done so under the visa-free entry programme originally designed to attract more tourists to the island. Only seeking safety, they have found starting a new life in Korea far harder than they imagined.

Negative publicity

The community in Jeju is used to foreigners roaming around, and there are asylum seekers from other countries such as China. Hundreds of Yemenis arriving over a short period of time, however, is a new experience.

Yemenis have come to the country with powerful stories to tell, stories that a curious South Korean media has been eager to report.

One such person is Albukhati (only identified by his surname), who co-founded an organization assisting ethnic Yemeni women from Europe and the US who had been pushed into forced marriages in Yemen by their families. These marriages are a lucrative business, particularly for the brokers who arrange them.

Albukhati's work made him some powerful enemies, and he was forced to seek asylum outside Yemen. He arrived in Jeju in May 2018 after spending three years in Malaysia.

(...)

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Amnesty International 18-11- 12:

Libyen/ Cruel European migration policies leave refugees trapped with no way out till sidans topp

A year after shocking images purporting to show human beings being bought and sold in Libya caused a global outcry, the situation for migrants and refugees in the country remains bleak and in some respects has worsened, said Amnesty International.

Findings published by the organization today highlight how EU member states' policies to curb migration, as well as their failure to provide sufficient resettlement places for refugees, continue to fuel a cycle of abuse by trapping thousands of migrants and refugees in appalling conditions in Libyan detention centres.

"One year after video footage showing human beings being bought and sold like merchandise shocked the world, the situation for refugees and migrants in Libya remains bleak," said Heba Morayef, Middle East and North Africa Director for Amnesty International.

"Cruel policies by EU states to stop people arriving on European shores, coupled with their woefully insufficient support to help refugees reach safety through regular routes, means that thousands of men, women and children are trapped in Libya facing horrific abuses with no way out."

Migrants and refugees in Libyan detention centres are routinely exposed to torture, extortion and rape.

The UN refugee agency (UNHCR) has registered 56,442 refugees and asylum seekers in Libya and has repeatedly called on European and other governments to offer resettlement to refugees stranded in Libya, including through evacuation to Niger. However, only 3,886 resettlement places have been pledged by 12 countries and in total just 1,140 refugees have been resettled from Libya and Niger so far. Italy separately evacuated 312 asylum seekers from Libya directly to Italy between December 2017 and February 2018, but no further evacuations took place until the resettlement of 44 refugees on 7 November.

(...)

Hela pressmeddelandet (Extern länk)

Hämta rapporten (Extern länk)

UNHCR 18-11-23: UNHCR appeals for more resettlement, end to detention as Libya evacuations near 2,500 (Extern länk)

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Europarådet 18-11-06:

Grekland/ Report: Greece should improve the reception and integration of migrants till sidans topp

"Greece should take urgent steps and adopt long-term policies to improve the reception and integration of migrants and to reverse the adverse effects of austerity measures on access to health care and education", says Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights, Dunja Mijatovi?, publishing the report on her visit to Greece carried out in June.

The Commissioner warns that despite the commendable efforts made by Greece's people and authorities to welcome migrants, the reception conditions remain well below acceptable standards, especially on the islands. "The authorities have to urgently address the poor hygiene conditions, the psychological distress and the uncertainty that are threatening the health of migrants and asylum seekers on the islands. They should in particular accelerate transfers to the mainland and improve migrant reception capacities there too. Greece's European partners should demonstrate their solidarity by supporting Greece in its efforts to improve reception conditions", says the Commissioner.

Commissioner Mijatovi? is also deeply concerned about the reported poor shelter conditions and the lack of social support that most unaccompanied migrant children experience in Greece and is alarmed by the deprivation of liberty of those detained under the "protective custody" regime. "Greece's authorities should tackle this problem with more resolve and in particular immediately stop the detention of unaccompanied migrant children. Migrant children should also have access to inclusive education, so as to increase their chances of integration."

Noting that Greece is becoming a country of destination and is no longer merely a country of transit, Commissioner Mijatovi? underscores the need to invest in integration through a comprehensive and long term policy focused in particular on family reunification, long term residence and citizenship, education, vocational training, language and integration courses, and the fight against racism and discrimination against migrants.

(...)

Läs mer (Extern länk)

Hämta Dunja Mijatovics rapport (Extern länk till pdf-fil)

Se även:

UNHCR 18-11-06: UNHCR urges Greece to address conditions on Samos and Lesvos (Extern länk)

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ECRE 18-11-16:

Bulgarien/ Bulgaria given formal notice to comply with EU rules on asylum till sidans topp

On November 8 the European Commission gave Bulgaria formal notice concerning its implementation of EU asylum legislation, which it considers to presently be in breach of the provisions of Asylum Procedures Directive, Reception Conditions Directive, and Charter of Fundamental Rights.

The Commission's concerns relate in particular to the accommodation and legal representation of unaccompanied minors; the correct identification and support of vulnerable asylum seekers, provision of adequate legal assistance and the detention of asylum seekers as well as safeguards within the detention procedure.

Bulgaria was warned that if it does not act within the next two months, the Commission may move to the second stage of the infringement procedure and send a reasoned opinion on the matter.

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Asylnytt 18-11-00:

Italien/ Dublinöverföring till Italien stoppas av FN:s kommitté mot tortyr till sidans topp

FN:s kommitté mot tortyr, CAT, har fällt Schweiz för en överföring till Italien. Fallet rör en eritrean som har en historia av fängslande och tortyr, men detta bedömdes inte i sak. Han sökte asyl i Schweiz där han fick avancerad vård för posttraumatiskt stressyndrom. Enligt läkarna hade han kommit in i en läkningsprocess men det var av stor vikt att han fick kontinuerlig vård hos dem han fått förtroende för. Mannen överfördes trots detta efter ett år till Italien. Trots de garantier Italien lämnat hamnade han utan mottagande på flygplatsen. En släkting tipsade om Caritas härbärge där han köade utan att få plats första natten men fick en tillfälliga plats dagen därpå. Mannen fick ingen information om hur han skulle söka asyl. Han beskrev situationen som kaotisk och att han skulle tvingas sova på gatan som många andra och inte få vård. Efter mindre än två dygn återvände han till Schweiz, där han så småningom fick ett nytt beslut om överföring till Italien. CAT anser att behandligen han riskerar vid en förnyad överföring till Italien i hans tillstånd utan stabila kontakter kan leda till självmord och därmed kan nå en nivå jämförbar med tortyr.

Hämta eller läs Communication No. 742/2016, A.N. v Switzerland (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 181108:

Amnesty International 18-10-22:

USA/ Facts and figures on illegal pushbacks, arbitrary detention and ill treatment till sidans topp

Amnesty International's view on US authorities' family separation numbers:

+ There has still not been a proper reckoning of the scale of abuse by US authorities in the family separations scandal.

+ The US Congress must act immediately to publicly investigate and establish an exhaustive record of family separations by US authorities, and pass legislation prohibiting the separation and indefinite detention of children and families.

+ US authorities must reveal their full statistics on family separations for public scrutiny, ensure that all those families are reunited, and guarantee this never happens again.

DHS statistics on family separations

+ In total, the US Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has admitted to separating approximately 8,000 "family units" in 2017 and 2018, yet has also cast doubt on the accuracy of its own statistics.

This number excludes the period from 1 March to 18 April 2018, when Amnesty International and other organizations documented additional family separations.

+ In September 2018, the DHS agency Customs and Border Protection (CBP) informed Amnesty International that it separated 6,022 "family units" between 19 April and 15 August 2018.

CBP clarified in October 2018 that the figure of 6,022 likely referred to individuals in families, and not family groups of multiple people.

Even if referring to individuals in families, this is the highest number disclosed by CBP on the scale of its family separations policy.

Until July 2018, the highest number provided publicly by the Trump administration was under 2,700 children, separated from an unknown number of adults.

(...)

Läs hela uttalandet, även om olagligt förvarstagande och push-backs (Extern länk)

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IOM 18-11-02:

Mexiko/ IOM monitors caravans of American migrants, supports voluntary returns till sidans topp

The UN Migration Agency, IOM, continues to provide support and assistance to migrants who have joined the migrant caravans crossing Central America and opted to seek asylum in Mexico or return to their countries of origin.

In the Siglo XXI Migratory Station of Tapachula, managed by the National Institute for Migration (INM) of Mexico, IOM and the Mexican Secretary of Foreign Affairs (SRE) have been supplying food and basic hygiene kits to over 1,500 migrants from the caravans seeking asylum in Mexico.

"IOM maintains its position that the human rights and basic needs of all migrants must be respected, regardless of their migratory status," says Christopher Gascon, IOM Chief of Mission in Mexico. "In coordination with UNHCR we will continue to monitor the situation of the caravan counting on field staff, the Mexican Office of Assistance for Migrants and Refugees (DAPMyR), and partner NGOs, providing information regarding alternatives for regular and safe migration, as well as options for voluntary returns."

A second caravan of approximately 1,800 Central American migrants admitted on Monday (29/10) by Mexican migration authorities arrived last Wednesday (31/10) in Huixtla, Chiapas state, and plan to move today, according to local authorities. This group initially started the regularization process in Mexico but later opted to continue the trek north without seeking asylum.

A third caravan of around 500 migrants departed from El Salvador last Sunday and crossed Tuesday (30/10) into Mexico, where most of them requested asylum. A fourth group of migrants left on Wednesday (31/10) from San Salvador with some 1,700 individuals, according to an IOM monitoring team. The final group spent last night in the Guatemalan town of Tecún Umán, on the border with Mexico.

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 181018:

Amnesty International 18-10-11:

USA/ 'You don't have any rights here' till sidans topp

Illegal pushbacks, arbitrary detention & ill-treatment of asylum-seekers in the United States

In 2017 and 2018, President Trump's administration has implemented immigration policies that have caused catastrophic irreparable harm to thousands of people, have spurned and manifestly violated both US and international law, and appeared to be aimed at the full dismantling of the US asylum system. Setting a dangerous precedent, the US government's abrogation of its obligations under human rights and refugee law is undermining the international framework for refugee protection, grossly violating the right to seek asylum, and is inviting a race to the bottom by other countries.

Hämta rapporten (Extern länk)

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UNHCR 18-10-12:

Nauru/ UNHCR urges Australia to evacuate facilities as health situation deteriorates till sidans topp

UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, is urging immediate action by the Government of Australia to address a collapsing health situation among refugees and asylum-seekers at off-shore facilities in Papua New Guinea and Nauru. Australia remains responsible under International Law for those who have sought its protection. In the context of deteriorating health and reduced medical care, Australia must now act to prevent further tragedy to those forcibly transferred under its so-called "offshore processing" policy. UNHCR renews its call for refugees and asylum-seekers to be moved immediately to Australia, where they can receive adequate support and care.

In September this year, more refugees and asylum-seekers had to be medically evacuated from Nauru to Australia than in the preceding two years combined. This reflects both the longstanding poor healthcare situation under "offshore processing" and a recent worsening of conditions, rather than any moderating of stance. A number of these re-transfers have taken place in the context of court orders or legal actions more broadly. With approximately 1,420 people still held in Papua New Guinea and Nauru, some 500 have now been returned to Australia on medical grounds - this is more than a quarter of the population.

UNHCR's monitoring suggests that even this number is significantly lower than the total with acute health needs, particularly with regard to mental health. One of the various cases brought to UNHCR's attention in September was a suicidal pre-teenage girl. She remains on Nauru despite doctors' advice to the contrary. Medical details seen by UNHCR record how she doused herself in petrol before attempting to set herself alight and pulling chunks of hair from her head.

(...)

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Amnesty International 18-10-16:

Mexiko/ Honduran caravan is not a security threat but people with human rights till sidans topp

The Mexican government must listen to the stories of those fleeing Honduras and inform them of their right to seek asylum, said Amnesty International today in response to news that the Mexican government deployed its federal police chief to its southern border to await the arrival of a caravan of over 1,600 people from Honduras, including dozens of families and children.

"Mexican authorities should not take a Trump approach treating people like a security threat. These families deserve dignity and respect to ensure that no one is illegally returned to situations where they could risk serious harm due to violence," said Erika Guevara-Rosas, Americas Director at Amnesty International.

Amnesty International recently published a report that demonstrates that the Mexican government is failing to meet its treaty obligations under international law to respect the rights of those in need of international protection. The report found that 75% of a group of people surveyed by Amnesty International detained by Mexican migrations authorities were not informed of their right to seek asylum in Mexico.

"Mexican authorities must respect their obligations under international law and identify the needs of each individual member of the caravan, avoiding the detention of migrants at all costs, and prohibiting the detention of children."

Migrating without papers is not a crime, and many of these individuals could be fleeing violence in their home country with the intention of seeking asylum in Mexico. Prohibiting the entry of these people into Mexico and returning them to Honduras would be a breach of international law.

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IOM 18-10-16:

Bangladesh/ Girls in forced labour largest group of trafficking victims in refugee camps till sidans topp

Young girls sold into forced labour are the largest group of trafficking victims identified by the UN Migration Agency (IOM) in Bangladesh's Rohingya refugee camps.

IOM counter-trafficking experts warn that more than a year into a crisis that has seen the number of Rohingya refugees in Cox's Bazar soar to almost a million, more desperate families are sending their young daughters off into dangerous work situations because most households have no other way to earn money in the camps.

"There is a very limited number of jobs in the camp and for women there is almost nothing. That's why I went outside of the camp," explained one young Rohingya woman, who ended up being forced to work extremely long hours for very little pay in the fish processing industry.

Latest figures show that women and girls lured into situations of forced labour account for two thirds of those who have received support from IOM in Cox's Bazar after escaping or being rescued from exploitation. Another 10 per cent of identified victims were women and girls who suffered sexual exploitation.

Bangladeshi security agencies have reported stopping up to 60 women and girls a day attempting to leave the camps in small groups, many of whom appeared to have been coached what to say, but who, when questioned further, appeared unclear about issues such as who they are supposed to be travelling to meet.

IOM experts stress that adult men and boys are also the target of traffickers, accounting for around one in three of those found to have ended up in forced labour.

"We are struggling to meet our everyday needs and there is no scope to get any job inside the camp. So, we [agreed to go] outside of the camp to work," said a Rohingya father, who ended up receiving no payment after working long hours and being physically abused by an employer.

(...)

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UNHCR 18-10-12:

Australien/ UNHCR: evacuate off-shore facilities as health situation deteriorates! till sidans topp

UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, is urging immediate action by the Government of Australia to address a collapsing health situation among refugees and asylum-seekers at off-shore facilities in Papua New Guinea and Nauru. Australia remains responsible under International Law for those who have sought its protection. In the context of deteriorating health and reduced medical care, Australia must now act to prevent further tragedy to those forcibly transferred under its so-called "offshore processing" policy. UNHCR renews its call for refugees and asylum-seekers to be moved immediately to Australia, where they can receive adequate support and care.

In September this year, more refugees and asylum-seekers had to be medically evacuated from Nauru to Australia than in the preceding two years combined. This reflects both the longstanding poor healthcare situation under "offshore processing" and a recent worsening of conditions, rather than any moderating of stance. A number of these re-transfers have taken place in the context of court orders or legal actions more broadly. With approximately 1,420 people still held in Papua New Guinea and Nauru, some 500 have now been returned to Australia on medical grounds - this is more than a quarter of the population.

UNHCR's monitoring suggests that even this number is significantly lower than the total with acute health needs, particularly with regard to mental health. One of the various cases brought to UNHCR's attention in September was a suicidal pre-teenage girl. She remains on Nauru despite doctors' advice to the contrary. Medical details seen by UNHCR record how she doused herself in petrol before attempting to set herself alight and pulling chunks of hair from her head.

(...)

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AIDA 18-09-26:

Irland/ Asylum seekers left without accommodation till sidans topp

Asylum seekers face heightened risks of destitution due to a shortage of reception places in Ireland. The Department of Justice has confirmed that at least 20 people were told they could not be provided with accommodation in the last two weeks.

The occupancy rate of Direct Provision centres reached close to 100% in the summer of 2018, due to a steady reduction in accommodation places compared to previous years, compounded by lengthy asylum procedures involving an average wait of 19 months for an interview with the International Protection Office (IPO). As a result, the Reception and Integration Agency (RIA) has been unable to secure access to accommodation for newly arriving asylum seekers. People turned away by RIA are not provided with any information on alternative accommodation options or homeless shelters.

Prompt provision of accommodation to asylum seekers is an obligation under the recast Reception Conditions Directive, which Ireland recently transposed in its domestic legal order.

Artikeln med länkar (Extern länk)

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ECRE 18-09-21:

Ungern/ Com for the Prevention of Torture: Persisting ill-treatment during 'push-backs' till sidans topp

The CPT has published a report on its recent 2017 visit to Hungary, assessing the authorities' implementation of the Committee's previous recommendations, as well as in review of the practice relating to the recently amended aliens legislation. In its response to the report the Hungarian government denounces findings as factually wrong and politically motivated.

The delegation visited several establishments, including police facilities and the two transit zones (Röszke and Tompa) at the border with Serbia, and held meetings with relevant national authorities. The Committee has noted that material conditions in the border areas are "decent", but stressed the need to redesign the transit zones spaces in an effort to remove their carceral character and address overcrowding. Regarding asylum procedures, the Committee voiced concerns regarding the efficacy of the asylum framework in providing guarantees against "push-backs". General medical screening of the population in the transit zones seems to have been improved, but the handling of mental health and age assessment cases was found to be substandard.

The CPT delegation found "no particular tensions" between foreign nationals and the internal staff of the transit zones. However testimonies regarding treatment by Hungarian police from a significant number of foreign nationals who had been apprehended and escorted through the border fence to Serbia revealed "ill-treatment consisted in particular of kicks and punches to various parts of the body (including the face and/or head) and baton blows (in particular to the knees, shins and calves), in some cases after the persons concerned had been made to lie down on the ground, as well as of spraying pepper spray directly into the face. Further, several allegations were received from foreign nationals that they had been bitten by unmuzzled service dogs set upon them by police officers."

(...)

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AIDA 18-10-09:

Grekland/ Increase in arrivals and continuing strain on reception till sidans topp

Refugees arriving in Greece by land are at risk of destitution due to the ongoing shortage in reception capacity. Arrivals through the Greek-Turkish land border of Evros continue to rise, notably due to reduced controls on the part of Turkish authorities and a halt in communication with their Greek counterparts.

According to police statistics, a total of 8,407 persons were apprehended for irregular entry or stay at the Evros land border in the first half of 2018. Syria and Iraq remain the top nationalities of people apprehended across the country. Media sources refer to over 12,000 people crossing Evros since the beginning of the year.

Following their entry through Evros, people undergo reception and identification procedures, which have reportedly improved from inhumane conditions in recent weeks, not least due to the involvement of NGOs such as Arsis, Doctors without Borders (MSF) and the Greek Council for Refugees. Others directly arrive in Thessaloniki and wait outside police stations to seek asylum. A group of mostly Iraqi nationals who had camped in the city centre's Aristotelous Square were transferred to the Diavata camp on Monday. The current capacity and occupancy of camps set up throughout the Greek mainland remains unclear, since the latest data released by the authorities date back to August 2017.

Updates on the plight of refugees arriving by land come against the backdrop of persisting inappropriate conditions on the islands and recent allegations of mismanagement of EU funds in Greece's refugee response. The prosecutor has launched an investigation into the possible misuse of funds, while the Head of the Reception and Identification Service, Andreas Iliopoulos, was removed from his post after requesting an investigation.

Artikeln med länkar (Extern länk)

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Refugee Support Aegean 18-10-09:

Grekland/ The "hotspots" experiment: removing human rights from the equation till sidans topp

Gradually, hotspots on the Greek islands have acquired more characteristics far different to those initially announced in terms of their operation and human rights guarantees.

Everything shows that a new model of violent psychological deterrence has been established in Europe for those crossing borders irregularly and arrive in Greece. This model is based on the practice of geographical limitation and degrading first reception conditions.

The Greek hotspots have been transformed into areas where human rights are being systematically breached. It is extremely problematic that these breaches continue despite the fact that a number of international organizations supervise and contribute to the hotspot operations.

Despite the human misery inflicted by the measure of geographical restriction, the Greek authorities have persisted with its implementation as a means to implement the toxic EU-Turkey deal. The measure does not allow refugees to travel to the mainland and makes any referrals to proper accommodation according to the individuals' needs and vulnerabilities difficult. Meanwhile, transfer to the mainland remain very slow due to the reported lack of available places in camps there.

It is of particular importance that the way hotspots operate since the implementation of the deal has led parts of the local island communities to shift towards extreme conservative positions and on several occasions, racist attacks. However, for the political European elite this model is still considered successful. In one of the recent European summit, it was presented as a good practice to be implemented in the Central European countries according.

(...)

Läs rapporterna från Chios, Kos, Leros, Lesvos och Samos (Extern länk)

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Keep Talking Greece 18-10-12:

Grekland/ European Commission releases data on Funds to deal with Migration till sidans topp

The European Commission has published a list of recipients of funds to Greece to deal with the migration crisis. An amount totaling 1.6 billion euros has been allocated to non-governmental organizations, international organizations and Greek authorities, even though only half of it has been disbursed.

The Commission released €650 million for the period from 2016 to 2018. € 605.3 million have been contracted to date, the Commission said in a statement issued on Oct 10.

From the €1.69 billion euros, allocated to Greek authorities are €794 million, to UNHCR 506.67 million, to IMO 119.7 million, to EASO 26 million, to several international NGOs - partners of the European Commission 201 million.

44.6 million to international organizations or NGOs have been approved but remain disbursed until now.

International organizations & NGOs

UNHCR (356.67 million)

IOM (47.7 million)

Danish Refugee Council (44,5 million)

/Listan fortsätter ... /

To support the Greek authorities as well as international organizations and NGOs operating in Greece in managing the refugee and humanitarian crisis, the Commission has allocated over €480 million in emergency assistance since the beginning of 2015.

The emergency funding comes on top of the €561 million already allocated to Greece under the national programmes for 2014-2020 (€322.8 million from AMIF and €238.2 million from ISF).

Läs mer (Extern länk)

Se även:

EU-kommissionen 18-10-10: the Commission stands by the International Organisation for Migration working on the ground in Greece (Extern länk)

Europarådet 18-10-03: More must be done to help women and girl refugees and migrants (Extern länk)

EUobserver 18-10-09: Greek court orders inquiry into use of EU migrant funds (Extern länk)

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Asylnytt 18-10-18:

Grekland/ Europadomstolen: Förhållandena i tältläger skulle ha tagits upp i Grekland till sidans topp

En flyktingfamilj som anlände till ön Lesbos i Grekland i mars 2016 har anmält till Europadomstolen för mänskliga rättigheter hur de behandlades under sin tid i Grekland. Det är en lång lidandes historia om överfulla tält, dålig hygien, timmars köande för mat, brist på toaletter och filtar etc. Ett av barnen bröt armen i en överfull båt som skulle ta dem från Lesbos. De hamnade i ett lika överbefolkat tältläger i norra Grekland. Kvinnan som var höggravid avråddes av läkaren från att besöka toaletten. Familjen tog sig på egen hand till Aten, men måste även där bo i tält. Efter att kvinnan fött en baby tog volontärer henne, babyn och den skadade sonen till sjukhus. Därefter bodde de en månad i ett hus som ockuperats av flyktingar men lämnade detta på grund av risken för smitta och infektioner. Efter en protest framför frivilligorganisationen Praxis' kontor fick de ett bättre boende av Praxis. Europadomstolen har nu behandlat ärendet men anser att familjen borde ha överklagat sin placering till grekiska myndigheter. Familjen hävdade att ingen upplyst dem om någon sådan möjlighet. Men enligt Europadomstolen kom anmälan in när deras situation förbättrats avsevärt och de borde ha kunnat kräva kompensation av Grekland i första hand. Därför tas målet inte upp i sak.

Beslut no 62732/16, Nadera ABDULLA et autres c la Grèce, endast franska (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 180926:

Läkare utan Gränser 18-08-31:

Libyen/ Strider i Tripoli förvärrar situationen för inlåsta flyktingar och migranter till sidans topp

Under de senaste dagarna har strider i Tripoli skapat stort lidande för invånarna och de runt 8000 flyktingar och migranter som hålls fångna i staden. En del av dessa var utan mat i två dygn efter att konflikten bröt ut i söndags. Andra släpptes ut från fånglägren och försökte att fly till närliggande stadsdelar med risk att skadas i korselden.

Våldet startade när en konflikt mellan väpnade grupper blossade upp i söndags. Intensiva granatattacker i bostadsområden har lett till ett okänt antal skadade och döda.

– Striderna visar att Libyen inte är en säker plats för flyktingar och migranter, säger Ibrahim Younis, landansvarig för Läkare Utan Gränser i Libyen.

– Många har flytt från länder i krig. De har först hållits fångna av människosmugglare och sedan godtyckligt låsts in i fångläger. Dessa människor är väldigt utsatta och är nu mitt i en konflikt de inte kan fly ifrån. De borde inte överhuvudtaget hållas fångna enbart av den anledningen att de försöker att fly till säkerhet eller ett bättre liv. De borde genast evakueras och föras till ett säkert land.

Sedan våldet bröt ut har de humanitära behoven i de drabbade stadsdelarna och framför allt i fånglägren ökat dramatiskt. Läkare Utan Gränsers team ger sjukvård, vatten och mat till de som fortfarande befinner sig i lägren. Läkare Utan Gränser och alla andra humanitära organisationer har dock väldigt begränsad tillgång till andra människor i behov av hjälp.

Nästan hälften har flytt från konfliktzoner

Enligt FN:s flyktingorgan UNHCR har nästan hälften att de som sitter i fångläger flytt från konfliktområden som Eritrea, Etiopien, Somalia och Sudan. Dessa människor har ett skyddsbehov enligt internationell rätt. Men de libyska myndigheterna, andra berörda länder och FN har inte lyckats att tillgodose detta behov och etablera en effektiv process för asylansökan. Tvärtom har EU-länderna skapat regler som hindrar asylsökande från att lämna Libyen.

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Läkare utan Gränser 18-09-07: Evakuera människor från Libyen omedelbart! (Extern länk)

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AIDA 18-09-08:

Turkiet/ UNHCR ends registration of non-Syrian asylum seekers till sidans topp

UNHCR has announced that its registration activities for applicants for international protection in Turkey will end on 10 September 2018, as part of the transition of refugee status determination responsibility to the Turkish Directorate General for Migration Management (DGMM).

The UN agency was in charge of registering international protection applications by persons coming from countries other than Syria, with its implementing partner, ASAM, conducting registration in Ankara. Following registration with UNHCR, applicants for international protection were assigned to the province where they were required to reside, known as "satellite city", and were instructed to appear before the competent Provincial Directorate for Migration Management (PDMM) to continue the procedure. A total of 63,039 asylum seekers were registered with UNHCR from January to July 2018.

Applications for international protection will now be directly registered with the PDMM, as is the case for Syrian refugees registering under Turkey's temporary protection regime. Whereas the registration of applications for international protection can be conducted by PDMM across all 81 provinces of the country, applicants will only be allowed to reside in "satellite cities". According to UNHCR, 19 provinces - including Istanbul, Izmir and Ankara - are currently excluded from the "satellite city" system.

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Amnesty International 18-09-10:

Curacao/ Authorities are denying protection to people fleeing the crisis in Venezuela till sidans topp

Authorities in the Caribbean island of Curaçao, part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, must protect people who are fleeing the human rights crisis in nearby Venezuela and put an end to the appalling conditions they face upon reaching Curaçao, said Amnesty International in a report published today.

Detained and Deported: Venezuelans denied protection in Curaçao presents compelling evidence that foreigners have not been able to apply for international protection in Curaçao since July 2017 and details a number of alleged human rights violations committed against people from Venezuela, who face detention and being sent back in breach of international law.

"It's a disgrace that the Curaçao government has not established an effective procedure for people to seek asylum. Instead of turning their back on the people fleeing a desperate crisis in Venezuela, the authorities in Curaçao must guarantee the rights of all asylum seekers and refugees in need of international protection," said Erika Guevara-Rosas, Americas Director at Amnesty International.

Instead of protecting arrivals from Venezuela, the Curaçao government has designed an "active removal strategy" to deport those with irregular migration status. In 2017, the Curaçao authorities removed 1,203 Venezuelans from the island, while in the first four months of 2018 they deported another 386.

Amnesty International found that the authorities are holding those who are due to be deported in detention centres and police cells. The report also describes a case where authorities put children in the care of a state children's home during the detention of their mother.

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Refugee Rights Europe / Harekact 18-08-27:

Grekland/ New study finds EU-Turkey deal has pushed Lesvos to its breaking point till sidans topp

While much of the current media and policy attention is focused on the central Mediterranean route, due to the spike in deaths and the stand-off between European countries who are closing ports and hindering NGO search and rescue missions, Refugee Rights Europe releases a new report indicating that the situation on the Greek islands is more critical than ever.

The research report, published on 27 August 2018, found that the EU-Turkey Statement from March 2016 has contributed towards an increasingly urgent and tense environment on the island due to overcrowding, lack of capacity and resources, and unauthorised mobility. The situation has deteriorated at rapid pace and is now at absolute breaking point.

Declining morale and psychological conditions have led to heightened tensions and brawls, while a definitive shortage of resources leaves vulnerable populations in unacceptable conditions. Due to lack of space for new arrivals, some people are forced to live outside the camp leaving them at heightened risk of ill-health and insecurity.

The men, women and children on Lesvos - who all aspire to continue onto mainland Greece either to seek asylum there or to continue onto other countries such as Germany and Sweden - are trapped in overcrowded camps with no apparent end in sight and a constant fear of being returned to Turkey or their country of origin which they fled in the first place.

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Hämta rapporten: an island in despair (Extern länk)

Pressmeddelandet (Extern länk till pdf-fil)

Statewatch: Moria camp "dangerous to public health" and majority of detainees "never feel safe" (Extern länk)

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UNHCR 18-08-31:

Grekland/ UNHCR urges Greece to address overcrowded reception centres till sidans topp

UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency is today urging the Government of Greece to address the situation in Aegean Sea Reception and Identification Centres (RICs), commonly known as 'hotspots'.

Centres are severely overcrowded. This means that thousands of asylum-seekers and migrants, including many children, live in squalid, inadequate and rapidly deteriorating conditions. Some have been living in these centres for more than six months.

UNHCR calls on the authorities to rapidly accelerate procedures for those eligible for transfer to the mainland; to increase reception capacity on the mainland to host them; quickly improve conditions in reception centres and provide alternative accommodation for the most vulnerable.

The situation is reaching boiling point at the Moria RIC on the island of Lesvos, where more than 7,000 asylum-seekers and migrants are crammed into shelters built to accommodate just 2,000 people. A quarter of those are children.

An estimated 2,700 people, mainly Syrian and Iraqi families, are staying at the Vathy RIC on Samos, originally designed to hold less than 700. This is forcing many to stay in flimsy tents and makeshift shelters. This is likely to become a serious concern if not addressed before winter sets in. People in need of medical attention are being forced to queue for hours before receiving treatment.

Reception centres on the islands of Chios and Kos are close to double their intended capacity.

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Läkare i Världen 18-09-17: Ett av fyra barn i Morialägret har självskadebeteende (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 180831:

UNHCR 18-08-24:

Bangladesh/ Rohingya emergency one year on till sidans topp

Asia's most recent refugee crisis warrants international solidarity and progress on solutions

UNHCR, the UN refugee agency, is calling today on the international community to step up its support for some 900,000 stateless Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh and show solidarity with their generous hosts. The collective international responsibility for protecting and finding solutions for these refugees must remain a priority for all countries in the region and beyond.

Since August last year, more than 720,000 stateless Rohingya refugees, fleeing violence and systemic discrimination in Myanmar's Rakhine State, have found shelter and safety in Cox's Bazar district of Bangladesh. There they joined an estimated 200,000 Rohingya refugees from previous waves of displacement.

At the onset of the emergency, UNHCR immediately deployed additional staff to Bangladesh and airlifted more than 1,500 metric tonnes of aid and relief items. More aid was and continues to be shipped and moved by land. Over the past year our teams have been working around the clock in support of Bangladeshi authorities to ensure that the refugees are protected. Our work includes psycho-social counselling, prevention of sexual and gender based violence, family counting, identification of and assistance to separated and unaccompanied children and other vulnerable refugees.

Kutupalong settlement in Cox's Bazar shelters today more than 600,000 refugees, making it the largest and most densely populated refugee settlement in the world. This brings daily challenges of delivering shelter, water and sanitation and access to basic services, as well as protection considerations such as the safety of women and girls.

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SvT Nyheter 18-08-23: "Förlorad generation": FN larmar om rohingiska barns utsatthet (Extern länk)

SvT Nyheter 18-08-26: Rohingyer protesterar ett år efter flykten (Extern länk)

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AIDA 18-08-17:

Asylum seekers denied food following inadmissibility decisions till sidans topp

Following the entry into force of the latest asylum reform in Hungary, asylum seekers have their claims dismissed under a new inadmissibility ground introduced in Section 51(2)(f) of the Asylum Act, according to which an asylum application is deemed inadmissible if the applicant arrived through a country where he or she was not exposed to persecution or to serious harm, or if an adequate level of protection was available there. This provision is incompatible with the recast Asylum Procedures Directive and has formed part of the European Commission's latest infringement procedure against Hungary.

Asylum seekers whose claims are considered inadmissible on that ground are expelled from Hungary and ordered to remain in the transit zones, where they are denied food. According to the observations of the Hungarian Helsinki Committee, this measure is taken with a view to deterring applicants from pursuing appeals against negative decisions on their claims and to pushing them to leave the transit zones and to return to Serbia.

The Hungarian Helsinki Committee has successfully requested interim measures from the European Court of Human Rights in three cases. The Court has ordered the authorities to provide the applicants with meals during their stay in the transit zones.

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Arkiveringsdatum 180819:

Human Rights Watch 18-08-05:

Bangladesh/ "Bangladesh Is Not My Country" till sidans topp

The Plight of Rohingya Refugees from Myanmar

In late August and September 2017, Bangladesh welcomed the sudden influx of several hundred thousand Rohingya refugees fleeing ethnic cleansing in Myanmar. This followed an earlier wave of violence in October 2016, which forced over 80,000 Rohingya to flee to Bangladesh. Bangladesh's respect for the principle of nonrefoulement is especially praiseworthy at a time when many other countries are building walls, pushing asylum seekers back at borders, and deporting people without adequately considering their protection claims. Currently, more than 900,000 Rohingya refugees are in the Cox's Bazar area in Bangladesh's southern tip. These consist of nearly 700,000 new arrivals on top of more than 200,000 Rohingya refugees already living in the area, having fled previous waves of persecution and repression in Myanmar. Bangladesh has continued to let in another 11,432 since the beginning of 2018 through the end of June 2018

While the burdens of dealing with this mass influx have mostly fallen on Bangladesh, responsibility for the crisis lies with Myanmar. The Myanmar military's large-scale campaign of killings, rape, arson, and other abuses amounting to crimes against humanity caused the humanitarian crisis in Bangladesh. And Myanmar's failure to take any meaningful actions to address either recent atrocities against the Rohingya or the decades-long discrimination and repression against the population is at the root of delays in refugee repatriation. Bangladesh's handling of the refugee situation needs to be understood in the context of Myanmar's responsibility for the crisis.

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EU-kommissionen 18-08-01:

Grekland/ Commission supports improving reception conditions with extra €37.5 million till sidans topp

Today, the European Commission has awarded an additional €37.5 million in emergency assistance under the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund (AMIF) to improve reception conditions for migrants in Greece.

The Greek authorities will receive €31.1 million to support the provisional services offered to migrants, including; healthcare, interpretation and food, and to improve the infrastructure of the Reception and Identification Centre of Fylakio in the Evros region in Northern Greece. The extra funding will also contribute to the creation of additional accommodation spaces within existing and new sites in mainland Greece. A further €6.4 million has been awarded to the International Organisation for Migration (IOM) to improve reception conditions and to provide site management support to selected sites on the mainland.

Dimitris Avramopoulos, Commissioner for Migration, Home Affairs and Citizenship said: "The Commission is doing everything in its power to support all Member States facing migratory pressures - whether that is in the Eastern, Central or Western Mediterranean. Migration is a European challenge and we need a European solution, where no Member State is left alone. Greece has been on the frontline since 2015 and while the situation has greatly improved since the EU-Turkey Statement, we continue to assist the country with the challenges it is still facing. The Commission's political, operation?l and financial support for Greece remains tangible and interrupted."

Today's funding decision comes on top of more than €1.6 billion of funding support awarded by the Commission since 2015 to address migration challenges in Greece. Under the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund (AMIF) and the Internal Security Fund (ISF), Greece has been awarded €456.5 million in emergency funding, in addition to €561 million already awarded under these funds for the Greek national programme 2014-2020.

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Arkiveringsdatum 180804:

Human Rights Watch 18-07-30:

Papua/ Detained Iranian asylum seeker died from lack of medical care till sidans topp

Australian coroner's report documents a refugee tragedy

Hamid Khazaei was a fit and healthy young man when he arrived on Papua New Guinea's Manus Island in September 2013, transferred there by the Australian government under its draconian asylum-seeker policy.

Less than a year later, the 24-year-old Iranian was dead from septicemia after a sore on his leg became infected.

On July 30, a Queensland coronial investigation found that Khazaei's death was "preventable" and resulted from "a series of clinical errors, compounded by failures in communication that led to poor handovers and significant delays in his retrieval from Manus Island."

When Khazaei's medical condition worsened and antibiotics were unavailable on Manus, doctors recommended urgent transfer to Australia. But bureaucrats dithered and eventually sent him to a hospital in Port Moresby, the PNG capital, where he received inadequate care and was left unattended for long periods of time. By the time Australian authorities transferred him to a Brisbane hospital, it was too late to save his life.

As the coroner found, Australia retains responsibility for the care of people it transfers to offshore processing countries where standards of health care don't meet Australian standards. The coroner also found Khazaei was entitled to receive care broadly comparable with health services available in Australia. He did not receive that care.

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TT-Reuters / UNT 18-07-30: En australisk rättsläkare konstaterar att det hade gått att förebygga att en iransk asylsökare dog efter att ha hållits i ett flyktingläger på en ö i Stilla havet. (Extern länk)

Radio New Zealand 18-07-23: US resettlement continues as Australians protest (Extern länk)

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Human Rights Watch 18-07-25:

Libyen/ Disputes over rescues put lives at risk till sidans topp

The European Union's obstruction of nongovernmental rescues and handover of responsibility to Libyan coast guard forces is a recipe for even greater loss of life in the Mediterranean and a continuing cycle of abuse for people trapped in Libya, Human Rights Watch said today.

"The EU's efforts to block rescues and dithering on where rescued people can land, propelled by Italy's hard-line and heartless approach, is leading to more deaths at sea and greater suffering in Libya," said Judith Sunderland, associate Europe and Central Asia director at Human Rights Watch. "Instead of discouraging rescues by nongovernmental organizations, commercial vessels, and even military ships, EU member states and institutions should ensure that rescued people can be taken to safe ports where their protection needs can be met."

In a visit to Libya in early July, Human Rights Watch interviewed Libyan coast guard forces, dozens of detained refugees and migrants in four official detention centers in Tripoli, Zuwara, and Misrata, and officials from international organizations. The detained asylum seekers and migrants interviewed made serious allegations of abuse by guards and smugglers, and some reported aggressive behavior by coast guard forces during rescue operations at sea. Human Rights Watch confirmed that Libyan coast guard forces lack the capacity to ensure safe and effective search-and-rescue operations.

Since his government came to power in early June, Italy's deputy prime minister and interior minister, Matteo Salvini, has campaigned against nongovernmental rescue organizations operating in the Mediterranean and refused or delayed ships from disembarking hundreds of vulnerable people rescued at sea in Italy, including military and commercial vessels. On July 23, the Italian government announced it would allow military ships participating in EUNAVFOR MED, the EU's anti-smuggling operation, to disembark in Italy for five weeks while they renegotiate the mission's operational plan.

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UNHCR 18-07-31:

Costa Rica/ UNHCR steps up its response as thousands flee violence in Nicaragua till sidans topp

UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, is calling for international solidarity and support for Costa Rica and other countries hosting Nicaraguan refugees and asylum seekers, as thousands of Nicaraguans flee mounting political tensions, violence and serious human rights violations in their country.

In recent months, the number of asylum applications by Nicaraguans in neighbouring Costa Rica and other countries has increased exponentially. Currently, an average of 200 asylum applications are being lodged daily in Costa Rica. According to Costa Rican authorities, nearly 8,000 asylum claims by Nicaraguan nationals have been registered since April, and some 15,000 more have been given appointments for later registration as the national processing capacities have been overwhelmed. UNHCR is providing an initial support to the Migration authority to increase its processing capacity from 200 to at least 500 claims daily.

UNHCR is strengthening its presence in Costa Rica's northern border region and, together with the Costa Rican Government, other UN agencies and its NGO partners, is gearing up its response capacity to provide immediate protection and assistance to thousands of Nicaraguan refugees and asylum seekers, both in the northern region and in the metropolitan area of the capital San Jose.

Many arriving Nicaraguans are being hosted by an estimated 100,000 to 150,000 Nicaraguan families living already in Costa Rica, who are providing an initial safety net for friends, relatives and fellow citizens.

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IOM 18-07-31:

Bangladesh/ Thousands at risk of trafficking amid Rohingya refugee crisis till sidans topp

Thousands of people caught up in Bangladesh's Rohingya refugee crisis are at risk of human trafficking, IOM, the UN Migration Agency, counter trafficking experts have warned, stressing that the scourge of exploitation can only be tackled if authorities, local and international agencies, and communities work together.

The call for a multi-actor approach to prevent more refugees and members of the host community in Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh, from falling victim to traffickers, came after government officials, military and police representatives, and IOM trafficking experts, yesterday joined a rally and public meeting in the town to mark World Day Against Human Trafficking.

Seventy-eight victims of trafficking have been identified and supported by IOM in Cox's Bazar in the past ten months. Due to the complex and clandestine nature of the crime, it is recognised that this figure accounts for just a fraction of the true number of men, women and children trafficked during that period.

"The horrific prospect that thousands of people affected by the Rohingya crisis will end up in the hands of traffickers is a risk that must not be underestimated," said Manuel Marques Pereira, IOM's Emergency Coordinator in Cox's Bazar.

"It is encouraging that the government, military, law enforcement and other relevant agencies came together with IOM in Cox's Bazar to mark World Day Against Human Trafficking. We need to show our commitment to working together to end this scourge. But we also need support from the global community to ensure that we have the necessary funding to help prevent people from falling victim to this terrible crime."

IOM is the lead agency coordinating the fight against human trafficking in Cox's Bazar. It launched its programme in September 2017, just weeks after hundreds of thousands of Rohingya refugees fled across the border to escape violence in Myanmar.

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Human Rights Watch 18-07-30:

Australien/ Detained Iranian asylum seeker died from lack of medical care till sidans topp

Australian coroner's report documents a refugee tragedy

Hamid Khazaei was a fit and healthy young man when he arrived on Papua New Guinea's Manus Island in September 2013, transferred there by the Australian government under its draconian asylum-seeker policy.

Less than a year later, the 24-year-old Iranian was dead from septicemia after a sore on his leg became infected.

On July 30, a Queensland coronial investigation found that Khazaei's death was "preventable" and resulted from "a series of clinical errors, compounded by failures in communication that led to poor handovers and significant delays in his retrieval from Manus Island."

When Khazaei's medical condition worsened and antibiotics were unavailable on Manus, doctors recommended urgent transfer to Australia. But bureaucrats dithered and eventually sent him to a hospital in Port Moresby, the PNG capital, where he received inadequate care and was left unattended for long periods of time. By the time Australian authorities transferred him to a Brisbane hospital, it was too late to save his life.

As the coroner found, Australia retains responsibility for the care of people it transfers to offshore processing countries where standards of health care don't meet Australian standards. The coroner also found Khazaei was entitled to receive care broadly comparable with health services available in Australia. He did not receive that care.

(...)

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TT-Reuters / UNT 18-07-30: En australisk rättsläkare konstaterar att det hade gått att förebygga att en iransk asylsökare dog efter att ha hållits i ett flyktingläger på en ö i Stilla havet. (Extern länk)

Radio New Zealand 18-07-23: US resettlement continues as Australians protest (Extern länk)

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EU-kommissionen 18-07-19:

Ungern/ Commission takes further steps in infringement procedures against Hungary till sidans topp

The European Commission has today decided to refer Hungary to the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) for non-compliance of its asylum and return legislation with EU law.

The Commission has also today sent a letter of formal notice to Hungary concerning new Hungarian legislation which criminalises activities that support asylum and residence applications and further restricts the right to request asylum.

Court referral for non-compliance with EU asylum and return legislation

The Commission first launched an infringement procedure against Hungary concerning its asylum laws in December 2015. Following a series of exchanges on both administrative and political levels and a complementary letter of formal notice, the Commission sent a reasoned opinion in December 2017. After analysing the reply provided by the Hungarian authorities, the Commission considers that the majority of the concerns raised have still not been addressed and has therefore now decided to refer Hungary to the Court of Justice of the European Union - the last stage of the infringement procedure. Specifically, the Commission finds that Hungarian legislation is incompatible with EU law in the following respects:

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EurActiv 18-07-25: Hungary slams EU legal action over asylum seekers (Extern länk)

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Läkare utan Gränser 18-07-18:

Grekland/ How a European refugee camp is traumatising people on Lesbos till sidans topp

Confinement, violence and chaos: How a European refugee camp is traumatising people on Lesbos

MSF calls for vulnerable people to be moved out of Moria into secure accommodation, and continues to call for a decongestion of the camp.

MSF insists on an end to policies of containment, and calls on the EU and state authorities to step up access to health and security for those in the camp.

The EU-Turkey deal is not an effective one; people will continue to flee war and terror in order to survive. Trapping these people in awful and unsafe conditions is simply further traumatising an already extremely vulnerable population.

With the migrant and refugee population continuously rising on the island of Lesbos, Greece, the situation in Moria refugee camp is descending into chaos, with regular clashes and riots, incidents of sexual violence, and a sinking state of mental health for the thousands of people trapped in the camp.

Currently, there are over 8,000 people crammed into a space designed for 3,000 in Moria. Conditions are so bad that people's medical and mental health is being heavily compromised. In the past few months, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) has witnessed further escalations of everyday violence in Moria, and treated cases of sexual violence that have occurred in and around the camp.

Much of the tension is caused by overcrowding and a lack of decent and humane living conditions. In the main area of Moria camp and in the adjacent overflow camp known as Olive Grove, there are 72 people per functioning toilet and 84 people per functioning shower. This is well below the recommended humanitarian standards in emergency situations.

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Arkiveringsdatum 180718:

Human Rights Watch 18-07-04:

Libanon/ Refugee rights in lebanon not up for debate till sidans topp

Lebanon cannot force returns without contravening international law

In the past month, Lebanon has seen a number of troubling developments regarding the presence of Syrian refugees, with leading politicians heightening calls for the return of refugees to Syria and making unfounded accusations of an international conspiracy to settle them in Lebanon.

As countries around the world have turned their backs on refugees, Lebanon is hosting an estimated 1.5 million Syrians, by far the highest number of refugees per capita in the world. At the Friends of Syria donor conference in Brussels in April, Lebanon made important commitments to refugee rights, including on residency status, education, legal protection, and nonrefoulement-the prohibition on returning people to places where they are in danger. These could have a real and positive impact on the lives of Syrians in Lebanon-if they are carried out. But since then, things have taken a turn for the worse.

Following Brussels, Lebanon's president, speaker of parliament, and foreign minister slammed a joint EU-UN statement that mentioned a "choice to stay," saying that it suggested permanent settlement in Lebanon. But that phrase only related to people displaced within Syria, not to refugees in Lebanon.

Just after Lebanon recommitted in Brussels to not forcibly returning refugees, politicians turned up the volume for their return. Although not calling outright for forced returns, President Michel Aoun said he would seek a refugee "solution" without the UN. He also called on the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, and Egypt to help facilitate refugee returns. And the Foreign Ministry summoned the UN refugee agency's country representative and accused the agency of scaremongering after UNHCR put out a neutral statement saying it was not involved in the return of 500 refugees to Syria in April.

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Human Rights Watch 18-07-17:

Nauru/ Australia: New Video on Cruel 'Offshore Processing' Policy till sidans topp

Fifth anniversary of refugees suffering on Manus, Nauru Islands

A new video from Human Rights Watch highlights ongoing abuses ahead of the fifth anniversary of the Australian government's reintroduction of its offshore processing and settlement policy. Under this policy, people seeking asylum who travel by boat are sent to remote offshore camps on Manus Island in Papua New Guinea (PNG) and the island nation of Nauru.

On July 19, 2013, then-Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd announced that any asylum seeker who arrives in Australia by boat will have "no chance of being settled in Australia as refugees." Soon thereafter, Australia signed agreements to resettle people on PNG and Nauru. Since then, Australia has forcibly transferred 3,172 people, most of them refugees, to camps on those islands at a cost of more than A$5 billion (US$3.7 billion). About 1,600 remain: 750 men in PNG, and 850 men, women, and children on Nauru.

"The fifth anniversary of depositing people in misery and suffering on isolated Pacific islands at the cost of a billion dollars a year should be viewed with outrage," said Elaine Pearson, Australia director at Human Rights Watch. "Australia has gone from being a country that once welcomed immigrants to a world leader in treating refugees with brazen cruelty."

Australian officials have called the policy "harsh but effective," and some European Union leaders have suggested following Australia's lead and processing asylum seekers offshore. But the cost to human lives of these policies demonstrates that Australia is no role model for Europe or anywhere else, Human Rights Watch said.

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UNHCR 18-07-17:

Australien/ UNHCR urges Australia to end separation of refugee families till sidans topp

UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, is alarmed by a separation of a Sri Lankan refugee family in Sydney by the Government of Australia. The deportation overnight of the father leaves his Sri Lankan partner, who is a recognized refugee, alone in Australia with their 11-month-old daughter.

This contravenes the basic right of family unity, as well as the fundamental principle of the best interests of the child. UNHCR sought assurances from the Government of Australia that the man would not be removed from Australia and be allowed to remain with his family. Private legal representatives had also lodged multiple requests for intervention with the Minister for Home Affairs. We regret that those collective representations were unsuccessful.

Australia's broader current policy of "offshore processing and deterrence" has led to the ongoing separation of refugee families since 2013. Asylum-seekers who arrive to Australia by sea have been prevented from reuniting with their loved ones in Australia, including spouses, parents and children.

UNHCR is aware of several other parents currently held under Australian "offshore processing" in Nauru, whose spouses were transferred to Australia for medical reasons, including in order to give birth. The Government of Australia has refused to allow them to be reunited in Australia, despite the fact that neither Nauru nor Papua New Guinea are considered suitable places of settlement for the vast majority of refugees.

In more than one instance, children have also remained in Nauru separated from an adult parent sent to Australia for medical care. This has had a particularly devastating effect on their deteriorating mental health.

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AIDA 18-07-09:

Europa/ Aida briefing: Withdrawal of reception conditions of asylum seekers till sidans topp

The latest AIDA Legal Briefing analyses European countries' national legal frameworks and practice on the reduction and withdrawal of reception conditions of asylum seekers under the recast Reception Conditions Directive.

It identifies circumstances in which the intention to restrict the possibility of 'abuse' of the asylum system can take precedence over the need to ensure an "adequate" or "dignified" standard of living for all applicants throughout the status determination process. Trends have developed within national interpretations of the recast Reception Conditions Directive and domestic practices that utilise the reduction and withdrawal of reception conditions as a punitive measure, arguably beyond what is permitted under EU law. The withdrawal of reception conditions as punishment of violations of reception centre house rules remains a contested measure, and one that will likely be clarified by the Court of Justice of the European Union following a recent preliminary reference.

Moreover, the type of individual behaviour which leads to reduction or withdrawal of reception conditions is very inconsistent across national practice, as demonstrated for example by the ways in which the "abandonment" of a reception centre is defined, varying from an absence of two weeks in the Netherlands to mere return after curfew in Italy. As regards other grounds set out by the Directive, only nine countries reduce or withdraw conditions from subsequent applicants, while only three have transposed the possibility to reduce or withdraw conditions when applicants are deemed not to have sought asylum as soon as possible.

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Human Rights Watch 18-07-04:

Frankrike/ "Like a Lottery" - Arbitrary treatment of unaccompanied children in Paris till sidans topp

Summary

On a typical night, some 200 or more unaccompanied migrant children sleep on the streets of Paris. In large part, these children are homeless as a consequence of arbitrary procedures and inordinate delays in determining that they are under age 18, the first step to entry into the child protection system.

The French Red Cross does age assessments for unaccompanied children in Paris, delegated to do so by the department of Paris (a department is a local administrative division of France), and it has established an evaluation facility (Dispositif d'evaluation des mineurs isolés étrangers, DEMIE) for this purpose. But many children who seek legal recognition of their age report that they are turned away at the door by security guards. Others go through a short interview of approximately five minutes followed by a summary verbal denial. This treatment falls short of what is required by French law, violates international standards, and means that those who are turned away must fend for themselves or seek assistance from nongovernmental organizations to find shelter, food, and other basic necessities.

Those who are fortunate enough to receive full interviews receive a formal decision from the Paris child welfare agency, the Directorate for Social Action, Children, and Health (Direction de l'action sociale, de l'enfance et de la santé, DASES), based on the DEMIE's evaluation. They are often rejected if they do not have identity documents, even though international standards and French regulations note that documents-which may be lost during arduous journeys-are not required and that approximate age can be determined through questioning. But those who do have documents are also frequently rejected-child welfare authorities and French courts regularly question the validity of birth certificates, passports, and other identity documents, sometimes even when they have been authenticated by embassies.

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AIDA 18-07-06:

Frankrike/ Immigration detention increase continues till sidans topp

The number of people deprived of their liberty in France for immigration reasons continues to rise, according to the annual report compiled by civil society organisations monitoring administrative detention centres (CRA) and other administrative detention places (LRA).

A total of 46,857 persons were placed in administrative detention in the course of 2017, of which 25,274 were detained on the mainland. Northern France accounts for the majority of detention orders, with 4,268 issued by the Prefecture of Pas-de-Calais, followed by the Prefectures of Paris (3,449) and Nord (1,519). The number of children in families detained also rose in 2017 to 304 children on the mainland, compared to 179 in 2016. Children were mostly held in the CRA of Mesnil-Amelot (121) and Metz (162). Another 2,493 children were detained in Mayotte.

The organisations monitoring detention have documented several cases of asylum seekers unlawfully detained in CRA such as Toulouse and Paris-Vincennes while awaiting the registration of their application by the Prefecture "single desk" (guichet unique). Detention therefore remains a critical consequence of persisting obstacles to access to the asylum procedure in France.

The report also provides details on detention conditions across the different CRA. Conditions remain worrying in the CRA of Nice and Marseille. Tensions and a deterioration of living conditions were reported in Perpignan due to an increase in the number of detainees. In Oissel, incidents of police violence, harassment and abuse have been reported in 2017.

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Europarådets mr-kommissionär 18-06-29:

Grekland/ Immediate action needed to protect human rights of migrants till sidans topp

"The humanity and hospitality that Greece's people and authorities demonstrated towards migrants in recent years is truly commendable. In spite of these efforts, however, the situation remains worrying and much more needs to be done to protect the human rights of those who have had to flee their country", said today Dunja Mijatovi?, the Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights, at the end of her five-day visit to Greece, which also focused on the impact of austerity on human rights.

Noting the significant decrease in arrivals of migrants to Greece in the last two years, the Commissioner stressed that while current numbers remain difficult to manage for Greece alone, Europe as a whole can handle them without major difficulties. "It is high time that all member states of the Council of Europe united around its foundational values and address this issue in a spirit of collective responsibility and solidarity", said Commissioner Mijatovi?.

(...)

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Human Rights Watch 18-07-18:

Grekland/ Asylum-seeking children deprived of school till sidans topp

Few classes in government camps on the Aegean Islands

Greece is denying thousands of asylum-seeking children their right to an education because of an European Union-backed migration policy that traps them on the Aegean islands, Human Rights Watch said today.

The 51-page report, "'Without Education They Lose Their Future': Denial of Education to Child Asylum Seekers on the Greek Islands," found that fewer than 15 percent of more than 3,000 school-age asylum-seeking children on the islands were enrolled in public school at the end of the 2017-2018 school year, and that in government-run camps on the islands, only about 100 children, all preschoolers, had access to formal education. The asylum-seeking children on the islands are denied the educational opportunities they would have on the mainland. Most of those who were able to go to school had been allowed to leave the government-run camps for housing run by local authorities and volunteers.

"Greece should drop its policy of confining child asylum seekers and their families to the islands, since for two years the government has proven incapable of getting these children into school there," said Bill Van Esveld, senior children's rights researcher at Human Rights Watch. "Stranding children on islands where they can't go to school harms them and violates Greece's own laws."

Human Rights Watch interviewed 107 school-age asylum-seeking and migrant children on the islands and interviewed Education Ministry officials, UN staff, and local aid groups, and reviewed legislation.

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Eva Cosse at Human Rights Watch iin To BHMA 18-07-05: Greece can't duck its duty to asylum seekers (Extern länk)

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AIDA 18-07-02:

Rumänien/ Living conditions in reception centres a persisting concern till sidans topp

People in need of protection continue to face substandard living conditions in Regional Centres for Procedures and Accommodation of Asylum Seekers in Bucharest and Giurgiu, Romania. A recent set of fact-finding visits conducted between 18 and 22 June 2018 looked at conditions prevailing in the two centres, as well as the situation in the Otopeni Public Custody Centre.

Sanitary facilities in the Regional Centre Giurgiu remain in poor state, with showers in insalubrious condition, despite having been recently sanitised. Substandard living conditions were a matter of concern in 2017. As for the Regional Centre Bucharest, the outdoor playground was found to be in bad condition, with toys near the playground thrown across the floor and old steel bed frames with growing grass left near the playground, thereby posing a safety risk for children. Moreover, the courtyard in Giurgiu is a small space surrounded by a fence and thereby remains inaccessible. Conversely, the overall condition of the Otopeni Public Custody Centre was found to be satisfactory.

Provisions and guarantees for children remain a challenge in practice. While no child living in Giurgiu has enrolled at school for the past three years according to NGO representatives, the new-born baby of a family of protection status holders in Bucharest was not granted the financial assistance of 700 RON / 150 € provided to beneficiaries of international protection by the International Organisation for Migration (IOM), among other forms of support available to status holders.

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Arkiveringsdatum 180702:

Amnesty International 18-06-25:

Jordanien/ Syrian refugees must not be abandoned till sidans topp

Responding to the news that the Jordanian government has said it will not accept any more refugees fleeing a new offensive in southern Syria, Mouna Elkekhia, Amnesty International's Advisor on Refugee and Migrant Rights, said:

"People fleeing war in Syria are in a desperate life-or-death situation, and the Jordanian government cannot simply abandon them.

"Jordan has a duty to protect refugees from Syria fleeing conflict and persecution, and to allow them to enter the country. Closing the border to people in need of protection violates Jordan's international obligations.

"In 2016, Jordan officially closed its border to people leaving Syria with dire consequences. Tens of thousands of people are still stranded at the border in deplorable conditions and left to suffer because the Jordanian authorities have effectively blocked access for aid, medical treatment and a meaningful humanitarian response.

"The Jordanian government must open its border to those fleeing Syria, and the international community must provide full and meaningful support to Jordan and other countries in the region that are hosting large numbers of refugees who have fled from Syria."

Background

Last week, the Syrian government escalated air strike and artillery attacks on southern Daraa province, close to the border with Jordan, causing thousands to leave their homes.

Earlier today, Jordanian government spokeswoman Jumana Ghunaimat was quoted in The Jordan Times as saying that Jordan has already absorbed large numbers of Syrian refugees and that "we simply cannot receive more".

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Europarådet 18-06-29:

Grekland/ immediate action needed to protect human rights of migrants till sidans topp

"The humanity and hospitality that Greece's people and authorities demonstrated towards migrants in recent years is truly commendable. In spite of these efforts, however, the situation remains worrying and much more needs to be done to protect the human rights of those who have had to flee their country", said today Dunja Mijatovi?, the Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights, at the end of her five-day visit to Greece, which also focused on the impact of austerity on human rights.

Noting the significant decrease in arrivals of migrants to Greece in the last two years, the Commissioner stressed that while current numbers remain difficult to manage for Greece alone, Europe as a whole can handle them without major difficulties. "It is high time that all member states of the Council of Europe united around its foundational values and address this issue in a spirit of collective responsibility and solidarity", said Commissioner Mijatovic.

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Arkiveringsdatum 180625:

Plan International 18-06-20:

Bangladesh/ Ny rapport: Tonårsflickor i Rohingyakrisen lever isolerade i flyktingläger till sidans topp

Isolerade från samhället, rädda för våld och övergrepp och utan tillgång till utbildning. I en ny rapport från barnrättsorganisationen Plan International berättar tonårsflickor för första gången om sin situation i flyktinglägret Cox' Bazar i Bangladesh. Många flickor tvingas tillbringa alla dygnets timmar i överhettade tält och 3 av 4 flickor uppger att de aldrig får vara med och fatta beslut över sina liv.

Sedan i augusti 2017, då en våg av extremt våld drog fram över delstaten Rakhine i Myanmar, har över 700 000 muslimska rohingyer flytt till grannlandet Bangladesh. Många hjälpinsatser i flyktinglägren är riktade specifikt till barn och kvinnor medan tonårsflickorna glöms bort. Det visar rapporten "Röster från Rohingyakrisen" som Plan International tagit fram, byggd på enkäter och djupintervjuer med över 300 flickor i åldrarna 10 till 19.

- Det råder inga tvivel om att tonårsflickorna är några av Rohingyakrisens största offer. De trånga och överbefolkade förhållanden - inte bara i lägret utan också inne i de små tälten som de nu kallar sitt hem - har förödande inverkan på flickornas liv, säger Agnes Björn, humanitär chef för Plan International Sverige.

Isoleras från samhället

Begränsad rörelsefrihet är ett av de största problemen som flickorna i studien rapporterar. Många av de intervjuade flickorna säger att de i praktiken har blivit dömda till att leva 24 timmar per dygn i trånga tält där temperaturen ofta stiger till 40 grader. Flickorna önskar att de kunde röra sig fritt i flyktinglägret men förklarar att de inte kan lämna tälten på grund av samhällets syn på flickor och rädslan för att de ska utsättas för våld och övergrepp. Istället isoleras de i sina hem där de får ansvara för städning och matlagning. Flickorna uppger att de saknar möjlighet att påverka sin situation. Drygt tre av fyra flickor säger att de aldrig får vara med och fatta beslut om sådant som rör deras eget liv.

(...)

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IOM: True stories of Trafficked Rohingya Refugees used by IOM to Raise Awareness, Counter Risks in Bangladesh (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 180614:

UNHCR 18-06-12:

Bangladesh/ First monsoons sweep refugee settlements amid emergency response till sidans topp

The first heavy rains of the year swept through Rohingya refugee settlements in Cox's Bazar district this weekend, marking the start of the monsoon season. This is an early test for refugees and humanitarian agencies working to support the Government of Bangladesh on the response efforts.

Torrential rains and winds up to 70 kilometres per hour caused at least 89 reported incidents, including 37 landslide incidents, causing several injuries and one confirmed fatality - a child. Nearly 2,500 refugee families, some 11,000 people in all, are affected.

As of 10 June the rain has become nearly continuous. According to the Bangladesh Meteorological Department nearly 400 millimetres of rain have fallen in Cox's Bazar area since Sunday. This is equivalent to two thirds of the average June rainfall for this part of the country. The area currently shelters some 900,000 refugees, including 720,000 who have arrived in Bangladesh since August 25 last year.

Bangladeshi authorities, UNHCR, the UN refugee agency, and other humanitarian partners responded immediately to the incidents caused by the monsoon rains. Interventions included search and rescue operations, relocations and distributions of shelter kits and aid.

According to damage assessments, more than 1,000 shelters have been damaged as well as ten water points, 167 latrines, one health facility, and one food distribution site. The rains have also flooded the main road through the Kutupalong settlement, temporarily blocking vehicle access to parts of the site.

UNHCR and partners, working in support of the Bangladeshi authorities, have been working around the clock to try to mitigate risks of landslides and flooding in the highly congested refugee settlements. However, given the scope of the refugee population, the sheer size of the settlements and the challenging terrain, we fear that the extreme weather will cause further damage, destruction and potential loss of life.

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ECRE 18-06-08:

Frankrike/ ECRE mission report: access to asylum and detention at France's borders till sidans topp

This report  presents the outcomes of a fact-finding visit to France conducted by ECRE between 23 and 27 April 2018, with a focus on deprivation of liberty and access to asylum at the border.

People fleeing persecution and conflict who manage to reach France by air or sea may find themselves subjected to consecutive forms of deprivation of liberty. Since the beginning of 2018, there has been an emerging trend in certain regions whereby, after a person has been released from the waiting zone and has subsequently been held in police custody, he or she is admitted into the territory and issued an obligation to leave together with an administrative detention order for the purposes of removal.

The border procedure, consisting of a preliminary examination of claims for the purpose of allowing people entry into the territory to seek asylum, takes places under reduced procedural safeguards: remote interviews in all waiting zones except Roissy, scarce legal assistance due to lack of capacity of lawyers and NGOs, and a controversial assessment of the facts put forward by the asylum seeker. These barriers are liable to render access to asylum difficult, if not ineffective in practice.

According to official figures, the rate of positive opinions by OFPRA (the Office for the Protection of Refugees and Stateless Persons) on requests to access the territory was around 26.6% in 2017 and 21.7% in the first quarter of 2018. This means that the majority of asylum claims made at the border are rejected in the border procedure. In the case of waiting zones such as Beauvais or La Réunion, all opinions issued by OFPRA in this period were negative.

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Human Rights Watch 18-06-07:

Grekland/ Asylum-seeking women detained with men till sidans topp

Greek authorities are routinely confining asylum-seeking women with unrelated men in the northern Evros region, at the land-border with Turkey, putting them at grave risk of sexual violence and harassment. Authorities should immediately stop holding asylum-seeking women and girls in closed facilities with unrelated men.

Human Rights Watch research in Northern Greece in late May 2018 found women and girls housed with unrelated men in sites for reception and/or detention of asylum seekers. Twelve women and two girls interviewed said they had been locked in cells or enclosures for weeks, and in one case for nearly five months, with men and boys they did not know. Four said they were the sole females confined with dozens of men, in some cases with at least one male partner or relative.

"Women and girls should not be confined with men who are complete strangers, even for a day," said Hillary Margolis, women's rights researcher at Human Rights Watch. "These women and girls came to Greece seeking security and protection, and instead they are living in fear."

Five women said they had severe psychological distress as a result, including two who had suicidal thoughts. Other women and girls said they experienced sleeplessness, anxiety, and other emotional and psychological distress, in part due to fear of confinement with unrelated men.

The Greek government has not provided authorities in northern Greece with sufficient resources to respond to a surge in arrivals over the land border with Turkey in April. Officials who met with Human Rights Watch acknowledged that the increase led to a slowdown in reception and identification procedures, including registration of asylum claims, as well as overcrowding of and lengthier stays in reception and immigration detention facilities.

(...)

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ECRE 18-06-08:

Spanien/ Report on immigration detention in 2017 till sidans topp

A report by the Jesuit Migrants Service published today documents Spain's use of immigration detention in 2017, against the backdrop of increasing numbers of arrivals.

Spain placed 8,814 persons in Foreigner Detention Centres (Centros de Internamiento de Extranjeros, CIE) in the course of 2017, up from 7,597 in 2016. The vast majority were detained in the CIE of Algeciras, Barcelona and Madrid on the ground of irregular entry by boat. On the other hand, the number of people leaving CIE in 2017 was 8,645, of which 5,358 were released and 3,287 were removed from the territory.

The main nationalities placed in detention in 2017 were Algeria (2,775), Morocco (1,608), Côte d'Ivoire (1,215), Guinea (782) and Gambia (760). However, detention was imposed to no more than a third of the Moroccan nationals and less than half of the Algerian nationals entering irregularly in 2017.

The average duration of detention rose to 26.6 days in 2017, while longer average detention periods were reported in specific CIE such as Archidona (33 days) and Barcelona (32.5 days).

Finally, 1,381 asylum applications were lodged from detention, mainly in Barcelona (364), Madrid (346), Murcia (220) and Valencia (216). Access to the procedure from detention remains a challenge, as highlighted by the Ombudsman in his recent intervention concerning the registration of applications in the CIE of Madrid.

Spain doubled the number of arrivals between 2016 (13,246) and 2017 (26,941) and El Pais describes the challenges including detention center capacity under the headline: "Ill-equipped to deal with new influx, Spain leaves migrants to their fate," and quotes Carlos Carvajal, head of the Cardijn Community center in Cadiz where 1,900 people have arrived in the first five months of this year marking a 95% increase, for saying: "The situation is out of control. We are not living up to our moral obligations."

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Arkiveringsdatum 180605:

Europarådets parlament 18-06-04:

Turkiet/ Rapporteur praises Turkey's great efforts to manage 3.6 million migrants till sidans topp

Tineke Strik (Netherlands, SOC), ending a fact-finding visit to Ankara, Istanbul and Kirklareli, has praised Turkey's great efforts to manage the 3.6 million migrants in the country.

Her visit was organised in the framework of a report on "The human rights impact of the 'external dimension' of European Union asylum and migration policy: out of sight, out of rights?".

During the visit, Ms Strik met with the Migration Management Department, the Disaster Relief Agency, the Ministries of Foreign and EU Affairs and Members of Parliament, as well as representatives of the UNHCR, the IOM, Amnesty International, other NGOs and lawyers.

"Turkey's commitment to hosting and integrating such large numbers of refugees is really Impressive, It takes a lot of capacity-building to provide a sufficient level of education, health services and living conditions," she said.

"But this work cannot be supported by Turkey alone: the European Union should increase the flexibility of its programme implementation, while stepping up resettlement among member states and delivering on its promises of humanitarian admission of refugees."

At the same time, the rapporteur expressed concern at what appear to be practical and administrative obstacles to refugees' and asylum-seekers' access to their rights both at the border and on the Turkish territory.

"The growing focus on security, in particular in the context of the state of emergency, adds to the challenges faced. Difficulties in entering the labour market also expose refugees and asylum-seekers to the risk of poverty and exclusion, which will only increase if the predicted economic downturn is confirmed," she said.

The report will be debated on 27 June during the summer part-session of the Parliamentary Assembly.

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PACE 18-06-04: Refugees must not be a tool for political pressure in Turkey, says rapporteur (Extern länk)

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Reach Initiative 18-05-24:

Libyen/ Understanding the impact of EU migration measures on refugees till sidans topp

Despite the political instability which ensued the two civil wars in Libya in 2011 and 2014 persists, more than 700,000 refugees and migrants are in Libya today. They are among the most vulnerable population groups in the country with grave protection concerns reported both in detention and in urban areas. Some of these include arbitrary detention, systematic exploitation and kidnapping by militia groups. In this context, and in the backdrop of a rise in arrivals from Libya through the Central Mediterranean Sea route to Italy since 2016, the European Union and its member states have put in place a number of measures with the United Nations backed Government of National Accord in Libya in order to stem the flow of refugees and migrants towards Italy.

As a result of these measures, the number of refugees and migrants reaching Italy from Libya has drastically decreased. Yet, it is not clear how these measures impacted refugees' and migrants' lives in Libya. REACH conducted this study, in partnership with UNHCR, to provide an understanding of the impact of migration measures implemented in Libya since early 2017 on mixed migration routes, smuggling hubs, and the lives of refugees and migrants in the country. It is based on 75 in-depth semi structured individual interviews with refugees and migrants in urban areas across the country and 32 key informant interviews with smugglers, law enforcement officials and civil society activists, conducted from 21st March to 2nd of April 2018.

The assessment finds that migration routes to and within Libya have diversified since early 2017. It finds an increase in arrivals from Algeria and Chad and a multiplication of smuggling hubs along the eastern coast of the country. In the face of increased coastguard controls along the Libyan coast, the numbers of refugees and migrants held for long periods of time with limited freedom of movement in warehouses and unsafe accommodations along the coast have increased.

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Läkare utan Gränser 18-05-25:

Libyen/ Människor sköts när de flydde från människosmugglare till sidans topp

Över etthundra flyktingar och migranter lyckades fly från ett fångläger nära Bani Walid under onsdagkvällen. Men uppskattningsvis 15 personer dog och 25 skadades då de sköts under flykten. De skadade fördes till sjukhuset i Bani Walid där Läkare Utan Gränser arbetar.

De som överlevde var framför allt tonåringar från Eritrea, Etiopien och Somalia. Tonåringarna ville egentligen ta sig till Europa för att söka asyl, men hade tagits fången av människosmugglare i Libyen. De hade sålts mellan olika kriminella grupper i Libyen som bedriver människohandel.

De 25 skadade fördes till Bani Walid General Hospital där lokal personal och Läkare Utan Gränsers team tog hand om patienterna: 18 personer hade lättare skador och sju behövde avancerad sjukvård på grund av svåra skottskador och frakturer.

Patienterna berättade att runt 15 personer hade dödats under flyktförsöket. Dessutom fanns cirka 40 personer kvar i fångenskap, framför allt kvinnor.

Vissa berättade att de hade hållits fångna i tre år. Många hade gamla, infekterade sår och ärr och märken efter elchocker. De flesta är minderåriga och svårt traumatiserade.

- Nu måste det vidtas åtgärder för att patienterna ska få den sjukvård de behöver. De har varit med om grymma upplevelser. Det är oacceptabelt att människor fängslas helt godtyckligt i Libyen. De behöver hjälp och skydd, säger Christophe Biteau, landansvarig för Läkare Utan Gränser, i Libyen.

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ECRE 18-06-01:

Grekland/ CPT slams inhuman detention conditions at the border till sidans topp

Today the European Committee for the Prevention of Torture (CPT) published preliminary observations of its visit to detention facilities in Greece from 10 to 19 April 2018.

The Committee confirmed the persisting reality of wide disparities in standards across Greece's detention centres. It noted satisfactory conditions in the pre-removal centres of Amygdaleza and Kos and commended these facilities for introducing an open-door regime allowing individuals to leave their rooms during the day. On the other hand, worrying conditions were reported in the pre-removal centre of Moria on Lesvos, where "repair works are required and persons are locked in their rooms for around 22 hours per day."

The CPT visit focused on the detention conditions prevailing in the Evros region and expressed serious concerns at the abhorrent conditions in the pre-removal centre of Fylakio. During its visit, the CPT found 95 people held in one cell in about 1m2 of living space per person under extreme insalubrity. Moreover, conditions in police stations in the Evros region were described as "grossly sub-standard". The Isaakio police station cells were found to be filthy and full of waste and sanitary annexes had not been cleaned.

Recent research from the Greek Council for Refugees corroborates these findings and documents the excessive use of detention in Evros, where newly arrived asylum seekers are immediately placed in detention before undergoing a reception and identification procedure.

Artikeln med länkar till andra rapporter (Extern länk)

CPT 18-06-01: Council of Europe anti-torture Committee publishes preliminary observations after its visit to immigration detention and psychiatric establishments in Greece (Extern länk till pdf-fil)

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RIghts in Exile 18-06-01:

Cypern/ Joint Statement on the problem of homelessness among asylum-seekers till sidans topp

This Joint Statement on the growing problem of homelessness among asylum-seekers in Cyprus has been issued by the following organisations: Agapi, Caritas, Cyprus Red Cross Society, Cyprus Refugee Council, Hope for Children, KISA, MiHub, Municipality of Nicosia, UNHCR. Published here with permission.

1. We note that the number of people seeking asylum in Cyprus has continued to show marked increases over the years, mostly due to the ongoing conflict in Syria: 1,887 persons in 2014; 2,108 in 2015; 2,871 in 2016 and 4,499 in 2017. We believe, however, that the national reception system has proven to be inadequate to meet the needs of the increasing numbers of asylum-seekers and is in urgent need of a comprehensive reform.

2. We further note that following a recent policy change by the Asylum Service, the Kofinou Reception Centre is no longer accepting single male asylum-seekers. With the Kofinou Centre presently hosting only 265 persons and another 130 unaccompanied asylum-seeking children housed at the four special shelters in Nicosia, Larnaca and Limassol, the vast majority of asylum-seekers therefore live outside collective centres.

3. We are gravely concerned by the precarious living conditions of asylum-seekers, which is essentially the result of the very restrictive employment policy preventing asylum-seekers from becoming self-reliant, and remains unchanged despite the longer waiting period for receiving an asylum decision. Moreover, the material reception conditions are not adequate to ensure a dignified standard of living to protect their physical and mental health, especially given the increasing rent prices. This also affects transition to the community from both the Kofinou Reception Centre and the children's shelters.

(...)

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AIDA 18-05-30:

Spanien/ Ombudsman calls for access to asylum in detention till sidans topp

The Spanish Ombudsman has recently urged the authorities to set up a system of immediate registration of asylum applications in Detention Centres for Foreigners (CIE). As the adoption of an Implementing Regulation for the Asylum Act has been pending since 2009, Spain has no rules in place to instruct CIE on the handling of claims made in detention.

At the CIE of Madrid, persons seeking protection are instructed to put their written intention to apply for asylum in a mailbox and to wait until the mailbox has been opened for the asylum procedure to start. According to the Ombudsman, this has resulted in a number of asylum seekers being deported before the authorities have opened the mailbox to find their applications.

Access to asylum in detention is an area of particular concern in the light of rising numbers of people placed in detention upon arrival by sea. Those disembarked in Spanish ports are automatically detained in police facilities and CIE without adequate justification or effective access to legal assistance. According to official statistics, a total of 6,012 persons arrived on boats between 1 January and 15 May 2018, while more than 500 were rescued at sea last weekend.

Artikeln med länkar till källor (Extern länk)

Se även:

AIDA 18-06-07: Spain: Report details figures on immigration detention (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 180528:

Amnesty International 28-05-18:

Papua/ Healthcare rollbacks put refugee lives and health at risk till sidans topp

The Australian government is attempting to walk away from the human rights crisis it has created for refugees and asylum seekers in Papua New Guinea (PNG) by winding back critical healthcare services, despite the ongoing plight of the people trapped in its offshore detention centres, Amnesty International said today.

Over the past six months the Australian government has terminated trauma and counselling services for refugees and asylum seekers in PNG, and moved refugees to new detention centres where they have reduced access to healthcare.

"Nearly five years after Australia began implementing its harmful and illegal offshore detention policy, the situation for refugees and asylum seekers trapped in PNG is as desperate as ever. Rolling back healthcare at this time is making a grave situation even worse," said Kate Schuetze, Refugee Researcher at Amnesty International.

"Last year two refugees committed suicide in Manus Island, illustrating the terrible price of confining vulnerable people to remote detention centres. In the wake of these tragedies Australia has inexplicably cut counselling and trauma services, just one of a raft of changes which will make it even harder for refugees and asylum seekers in PNG to access healthcare."

Refugees left to suffer

Refugees and asylum seekers in PNG have faced serious challenges in accessing healthcare for years, as Amnesty International has documented in a new briefing released today. In November 2017 Amnesty International researchers visited Port Moresby, the capital of PNG, and spoke to refugees and asylum seekers who had been sent there from Manus Island for medical treatment.

Several people described waiting for months for treatment for serious health conditions including suspected cancerous lumps, kidney stones, gastric problems, typhoid, dengue fever, vision impairment, mobility challenges and mental health problems.

(...)

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Amnesty International 28-05-18:

Australien/ Healthcare rollbacks put refugee lives and health at risk till sidans topp

The Australian government is attempting to walk away from the human rights crisis it has created for refugees and asylum seekers in Papua New Guinea (PNG) by winding back critical healthcare services, despite the ongoing plight of the people trapped in its offshore detention centres, Amnesty International said today.

Over the past six months the Australian government has terminated trauma and counselling services for refugees and asylum seekers in PNG, and moved refugees to new detention centres where they have reduced access to healthcare.

"Nearly five years after Australia began implementing its harmful and illegal offshore detention policy, the situation for refugees and asylum seekers trapped in PNG is as desperate as ever. Rolling back healthcare at this time is making a grave situation even worse," said Kate Schuetze, Refugee Researcher at Amnesty International.

"Last year two refugees committed suicide in Manus Island, illustrating the terrible price of confining vulnerable people to remote detention centres. In the wake of these tragedies Australia has inexplicably cut counselling and trauma services, just one of a raft of changes which will make it even harder for refugees and asylum seekers in PNG to access healthcare."

Refugees left to suffer

Refugees and asylum seekers in PNG have faced serious challenges in accessing healthcare for years, as Amnesty International has documented in a new briefing released today. In November 2017 Amnesty International researchers visited Port Moresby, the capital of PNG, and spoke to refugees and asylum seekers who had been sent there from Manus Island for medical treatment.

Several people described waiting for months for treatment for serious health conditions including suspected cancerous lumps, kidney stones, gastric problems, typhoid, dengue fever, vision impairment, mobility challenges and mental health problems.

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FARR 18-05-22:

Frankrike/ Frankrike ett bra val? till sidans topp

/Artikeln på FARR:s sida innehåller en faktadel om hur Dublinförordningen tillämpas/

"Frankrike har en annan syn på säkerheten i Afghanistan än Sverige, och använder sig inte av alternativet internflykt. 2017 fick 83 procent av alla från Afghanistan uppehållstillstånd. De flesta har bedömts som alternativt skyddssökande och får 1-årigt uppehållstillstånd, som sedan förlängs. Dessutom försvinner ofta Dublin för de unga från Sverige." Det berättar Annette Rosengren i ett reportage från Paris, där ungdomar som fått avslag på asylansökan i Sverige bor i tält och hoppas på en ny chans.

Efter nio dagar i Paris bland ensamkommande afghanska unga män från Sverige kan jag konstatera att de flesta verkar bli kvar i Frankrike. De längtar efter Sverige och saknar vänner och kompisar, det är som att de har förlorat ett hemland igen, och de tycker franskan är svår. "När man inte har sin familj så blir kompisarna som en familj. Först lämnade vi familjen, och nu måste vi lämna kompisarna."

(...)

Första tiden är kämpig. De bor i tillfälliga, vilda tältläger, ibland under viadukter för att ha skydd för regn. Lägren nås från metrostationerna Jaurès, Porte de la Chapelle och Porte de la Villette. Jaurès är mer centralt än de andra två. I tälten bor nyanlända såväl som de med Dublin, som väntar ut 18 månader. Många är från Afghanistan, ännu fler är från afrikanska länder. I tälten i Porte de la Villette finns också barnfamiljer från Sudan. Det var sorgligt lätt i Jaurès och Porte de la Chapelle att hitta unga afghaner som varit två-tre år i Sverige och som talar bra svenska, ofta mycket bra svenska. De borde få leva i Sverige.

Mer än tiotalet av alla jag träffade under dagarna i Paris kring månadsskiftet april-maj hade anlänt från Sverige för bara några dagar sedan, och i kyrkan första veckan i maj finns många nya ansikten.

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AIDA 18-05-16:

Slovenien/ Increasing arrivals put a strain on reception conditions till sidans topp

Conditions for asylum seekers are deteriorating against the backdrop of increasing numbers of arrivals in 2018. In the first four months of the year, the Slovenian Police apprehended 1,226 persons for irregular border-crossing, a substantial (280%) increase on 322 apprehensions during the same period in 2017. The main nationalities of those persons are Algeria, Pakistan, Morocco, Syria and Afghanistan.

A rise in asylum applications has also been reported, with 798 registered in the four months of 2018, compared to 1,476 in the entire year 2017. The increase in asylum applications has largely affected reception conditions in the Asylum Home, the facility in Ljubljana where newly arrived people are placed and undergo registration. More persons are being de facto detained in the pre-reception area of the Asylum Home and face substandard conditions due to the overcrowded state of facilities.

The Slovenian Government Office for the Support and Integration of Migrants is currently preparing a new contingency plan for responding to the higher number of arrivals, while the Migration Office is in the process of enlisting more staff for the purpose of processing applications. The already problematic length of the asylum procedure is likely to be exacerbated by the increase in applications.

According to the Slovenian Police, increasing transit through Bosnia and Herzegovina to Croatia and then to Slovenia is one of the factors accounting for the rise in arrivals so far in 2018. Over a thousand people have irregularly entered Bosnia since the beginning of the year, the majority currently located in Sarajevo. Many persons have no access to accommodation and sleep rough without regular assistance and health care, the latter only being offered in the Asylum Centre in Delija?. The Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights recently urged the Bosnian authorities to provide adequate accommodation and assistance to newly arrived persons, as well as to enable their access to the asylum procedure.

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AIDA 18-05-14:

Cypern/ Asylum seekers face increasing risks of destitution till sidans topp

Asylum seekers face a deterioration of reception conditions and increasing risks of destitution in Cyprus. While recent increases in the number of arrivals have intensified situations of overcrowding and substandard conditions in Kofinou, the only reception centre in the country, UNHCR and civil society organisations point to an overall inadequacy of the Cypriot reception system to cater for asylum seekers' needs and to ensure dignified treatment.

Following a recent policy change by the Asylum Service, Kofinou no longer accepts single male asylum seekers. This means that, beyond 265 people hosted in Kofinou and 130 unaccompanied children residing in special shelters, the vast majority of applicants live outside centres in Cyprus - over 4,500 applied for international protection last year. The shortage in accommodation places, coupled with financial assistance below the poverty-line threshold and the standards set out in the recast Reception Conditions Directive, exacerbates risks of destitution for asylum seekers.

A joint statement from UNHCR and national civil society organisations has called on the authorities to provide emergency accommodation to house all asylum seekers, and to increase the level of financial assistance.

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Arkiveringsdatum 180119:

Refugees International 17-12-04:

Turkiet/ Legal employment still inaccessible to refugees in Turkey till sidans topp

While refugees are allowed to seek employment under Turkish law, legal jobs are largely inaccessible for the vast majority of refugees in Turkey. In its study, "I Am Only Looking for My Rights": Legal Employment Still Inaccessible to Refugees in Turkey, Refugees International examines the challenges and consequences facing refugees as they seek employment in Turkey. The study is based on a October 2017 research mission.

The report finds that without legal employment, refugees become trapped in a cycle of informal work where the risk of exploitation and abuse is high and wages are low. Refugees in Turkey face enormous hurdles to finding legal employment and commonly work excessively long hours often in difficult working conditions and are paid a faction of their Turkish counterparts. In addition, the lack of decent wages for adult refugees pushes many refugee children into the job market as well, instead of attending school.

One of the difficulties refugees face is a climate of hostility and negative myths about the impact of refugees on Turkish society. To address these issues, the Government of Turkey should both educate the Turkish public about refugees and their positive contribution to Turkish society and encourage employers to hire refugees. In this context, where Turkey already hosts 3.5 million refugees and does not provide them with adequate protections, EU countries should not send asylum-seekers from Greece to Turkey, as provided under an agreement between the EU and Turkey in March 2016.

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AIDA 18-01-18:

Spanien/ Sea arrivals met with automatic detention and barriers to legal assistance till sidans topp

The Spanish response to the reception of persons arriving by sea in the course of 2017 has been described as arbitrary by a new report of the Spanish Commission of Aid to Refugees (CEAR).

Spain saw an increasing number of migrants mainly arriving through the ports of Almería and Tarifa last year. According to UNHCR figures, the number of people arriving in Spain by boat in 2017 reached 22,103, marking a substantial increase from 8,162 in 2016. The majority came from Morocco, Algeria, Côte d'Ivoire and Guinea.

Automatic detention upon disembarkation

Upon disembarkation, migrants are automatically detained in police facilities for a maximum of 72 hours for the purposes of identification and humanitarian assistance. Detention conditions in these police stations, already denounced by Human Rights Watch earlier in 2017, are described as substandard by the report. For example, cells in the Málaga police station have no access to natural light and offer no protection from heat or cold.

As detailed in the report, if return cannot be effected within 72 hours, people are directed to a Detention Centre for Foreigners (CIE). Since the summer of 2017, this has also been the case for Moroccan nationals who were previously returned within that time limit. While the government has taken measures to increase Spain's detention capacity by reopening the CIE of Tarifa and announcing the construction of new centres, CIE remain overcrowded. In such cases, migrants have also been transferred to reception centres or ad hoc facilities, including prisons. The use of the prison of Archidona for the detention of Algerian migrants was recently criticised by the Spanish Ombudsman.

CEAR also refers to worrying practices in Motril, whereby collective detention orders are issued to place groups of people in CIE with a view to removal. These have been upheld by the Provincial Court of Granada.

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Sveriges Radio Ekot 18-01-06: 200 migranter stormade gränsen mellan Marocko och Melilla (Extern länk)

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EASO 17-12-18:

Italien/ EASO and Italy sign new Operating Plan till sidans topp

EASO enhances support to Italian asylum system

The European Asylum Support Office (EASO) and the Italian authorities have signed a new Operating Plan which will see the Agency expand its support in the country in 2018.

The 2018 Operating Plan was signed by the Executive Director of EASO, José Carreira, on behalf of the Agency, and the Head of the Department of Public Security, Franco Gabrielli, the Head of the Department of Civil Liberties and Immigration, Gerarda Maria Pantalone, and the Ombudsperson of Children and Adolescents, Filomena Albano, on behalf of Italy.

EASO has been increasingly active in Italy since 2013 and deploys over 200 staff throughout the country in order to provide support to the Italian authorities. The 2018 Operating Plan will add a new dimension to EASO's activities by mandating the Agency to have an enhanced role in supporting with the handling of registration of applications for international protection, including through the preparation of files in the National Asylum procedure. This measure aims at relieving some of the pressures on the Italian Asylum System.

Welcoming the new agreement, Mr. Carreira stated: "EASO's cooperation with the Italian authorities over the past four years has been nothing short of excellent. The 2018 Operating Plan, which gives EASO the opportunity to further-increase our assistance, is a testament to the mutual trust and good-faith which exists between the Agency and our Italian colleagues. As with previous years, EASO will spare no resource in ensuring that we deliver on all the mandated measures and therefore provide tangible support to the Italian asylum and reception system."

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Arkiveringsdatum 171229:

Amnesty International 17-12-12:

Libyen/ European governments complicit in horrific abuse of refugees and migrants till sidans topp

European governments are knowingly complicit in the torture and abuse of tens of thousands of refugees and migrants detained by Libyan immigration authorities in appalling conditions in Libya, said Amnesty International in a report published today, in the wake of global outrage over the sale of migrants in Libya.

'Libya's dark web of collusion' details how European governments are actively supporting a sophisticated system of abuse and exploitation of refugees and migrants by the Libyan Coast Guard, detention authorities and smugglers in order to prevent people from crossing the Mediterranean.

"Hundreds of thousands of refugees and migrants trapped in Libya are at the mercy of Libyan authorities, militias, armed groups and smugglers often working seamlessly together for financial gain. Tens of thousands are kept indefinitely in overcrowded detention centres where they are subjected to systematic abuse," said John Dalhuisen, Amnesty International's Europe Director.

"European governments have not just been fully aware of these abuses; by actively supporting the Libyan authorities in stopping sea crossings and containing people in Libya, they are complicit in these abuses."

A policy of containment

Since late 2016, EU Member States - particularly Italy - have implemented a series of measures aimed at closing off the migratory route through Libya and across the central Mediterranean, with little care for the consequences for those trapped within Libya's lawless borders. Their cooperation with Libyan actors has taken a three-pronged approach.

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Amnesty International 17-12-12: Europeiska regeringar är medansvariga till grova människorättskränkningar på flyktingar och migranter. (Extern länk)

Se även:

ECRE 17-12-08: Strong reactions to atrocities in Libyan quagmire - emergency measures fall short of addressing fundamental issues (Extern länk)

Sveriges Radio Ekot 17-12-12: Amnesty: EU bär ansvar för övergrepp på migranter i Libyen (Extern länk)

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Human Rights Watch 17-12-18:

Frankrike/ Calais migrants at risk as cold arrives till sidans topp

Police abuse, freezing conditions threaten their safety

Migrants and asylum seekers in Calais are facing desperate living conditions, especially as temperatures drop, Human Rights Watch said today. Many child and adult migrants described an increase in the police destruction and confiscation of their belongings since the beginning of November 2017, making it harder for the migrants to live outdoors.

Police in the northern French city employ excessive force against asylum seekers and other migrants. The police frequently confiscate or destroy asylum seekers' and other migrants' sleeping bags, clothing, and other possessions, apparently to deter migrants from staying in Calais.

"The ongoing police violence and destruction and confiscation of people's belongings is inhumane and unconscionable," said Bénédicte Jeannerod, France director at Human Rights Watch. "The French authorities should immediately put an end to these abuses and ensure that migrants are treated with the dignity to which every human being is entitled."

Human Rights Watch found that as recently as the first week of December, police, particularly the riot police (Compagnies républicaines de sécurité, CRS), have confiscated or destroyed asylum seekers' and other migrants' personal belongings, such as sleeping bags, blankets, clothing, and sometimes phones, medication, and documents.

At least 500 migrants and asylum seekers, of whom an estimated 100 are unaccompanied children, are living on the streets and in wooded areas in and around Calais. Most are from Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Afghanistan.

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EU-kommissionen 17-12-07:

Ungern/ Commission steps up infringement against Hungary concerning its asylum law till sidans topp

The European Commission has today decided to move forward on the infringement procedure against Hungary concerning its asylum legislation by sending a reasoned opinion.

The Commission initiated the infringement procedure against Hungary in December 2015. Following a series of exchanges both at political and technical level with the Hungarian authorities and the concerns raised by the amendments to the Hungarian asylum law introduced in March this year, the Commission decided to send a complementary letter of formal notice on 17 May 2017.

Following the analysis of the reply provided by the Hungarian authorities, and in view of the new legislation adopted by the Hungarian Parliament in October, the Commission will no longer pursue four out of the eleven issues identified in the complementary letter of formal notice. The reply provided by the Hungarian authorities, however, was still found to be unsatisfactory as it failed to address the majority of the concerns. The Commission still considers that the Hungarian legislation does not comply with EU law, in particular Directive 2013/32/EU on Asylum Procedures, Directive 2008/115/EC on Return, Directive 2013/33/EU on Reception Conditions and several provisions of the Charter of Fundamental Rights.

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EASO 17-12-14:

Grekland/ EASO signs new Operating Plan with Greece till sidans topp

Continued support for Greece: EASO signs 2018 Operating Plan

The European Asylum Support Office (EASO) and the Government of Greece have signed a new Operating Plan outlining the technical and operational support measures that the Agency will carry out in the country in 2018.

The 2018 Operating Plan was signed by the Minister of Migration Policy of Greece, Ioannis Mouzalas, and by the Executive Director of EASO, José Carreira. The agreement builds on EASO's existing operational support to Greece and aims to sustain the Agency's support for the country's response to the extraordinary pressure on its asylum and reception systems while implementing the EU Asylum Acquis.

Commenting on the new agreement, Mr. Carreira stated: "Greece's response to the unprecedented pressures faced by its asylum and reception systems over the past years has been commendable. Since 2011, EASO has been increasing its operational support to the Greek authorities so as to assist in relieving such pressures. Today's agreement updates this support and tailors it to the current needs of our Greek partners, therefore ensuring that the value of EASO's assistance is maximised."

The 2018 Operating Plan sets out 10 measures, divided into three priority areas:

+ Support to the Asylum Procedure;

+ Support to Reception; and

+ Capacity building in implementation of Common European Asylum System (CEAS)

The measures cover a broad range of activities which EASO will implement throughout the year. These include supporting the implementation of the EU-Turkey Statement by improving the efficiency of the asylum process, support for Dublin processing, supporting capacity-building through training and workshops, and strengthening the capacity of the Reception and Identification Service to, among others, identify, assess and refer vulnerable applicants.

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Human Rights Watch 17-12-15:

Grekland/ Dire risks for women asylum seekers till sidans topp

Greek authorities are failing to provide adequate protection for women and girls living in government-run, European Union-sponsored facilities for asylum seekers on the island of Lesbos, Human Rights Watch said today.

In November, 2017, Human Rights Watch interviewed 25 asylum-seeking women and girls as young as 13, living in the Moria "hotspot" on Lesbos. They described harassment, the threat of gender-based violence, and health risks. Human Rights Watch found that the conditions resulted from insufficient security, poor hygiene and sanitation facilities, and failures in the system to identify and address the needs of vulnerable people.

"There is no excuse for failing to meet even the most basic standards for protection of women and girls almost two years after the EU-Turkey deal entered into force," said Hillary Margolis, women's rights researcher at Human Rights Watch. "The risks to women's health and safety in Moria are dire, and as winter arrives, they will only get worse."

Thousands of women and girls are trapped on Greek islands, often in horrendous conditions, due to a "containment" policy for asylum seekers, to facilitate speedy processing and return to Turkey under the EU-Turkey deal. "Hotspots" were established on several Greek islands to receive, identify, and process asylum seekers and migrants. Human Rights Watch has previously documented violence, insecurity, and unhygienic and unsanitary conditions in the hotspots. As of December 13, the population in Moria, which has a capacity of 2,330, was 6,238.

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ECRE 17-12-15:

Grekland/ Transfer of asylum seekers from hotspots to mainland continues in Greece till sidans topp

Transfers of asylum seekers from the Eastern Aegean island hotspots to the Greek mainland have continued amid public protest from citizens and local authorities over overcrowded facilities culminating this week, when a ship carrying container homes for refugees and migrants was blocked by municipal vehicles from unloading its cargo on the island of Lesvos.

The well documented overcrowding and problematic conditions in the Greek hotspots, expected to further deteriorate as winter sets in, has been the topic of increasing tensions from local authorities, urging the Greek government to transfer asylum seekers to the mainland. The blockage of the port facilities in Lesvos is the culmination of intense public controversy between the two sides. The Mayor of Lesvos, Spyros Galinos, took part in the blockage and is quoted by media for saying: "We will not allow Lesvos to be converted from an island of humanity and solidarity into an island prison."

While as many as 3,515 people have been transferred between 9 October and 27 November, NGOs have reported recent Greek plans to transfer 5,000 people and media quote un-identified sources of a government plan to decrease the number of migrants hosted on Lesvos to 3.500 by the end of December. Coupled with information from the Ministry of Migration Policy of a total population of 8.322 migrants hosted on the island revealing approximately similar numbers.

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Arkiveringsdatum 171208:

UNHCR 17-11-24:

Papua/ Immediate action needed to avert further harm and tragedy on Manus Island till sidans topp

UNHCR is deeply disturbed by the forcible removal of refugees and asylum-seekers from the former 'Regional Processing Centre' on Manus Island today. The beating of refugees and asylum-seekers by uniformed officers with metal poles, shown by footage released today, is both shocking and inexcusable.

UNHCR staff remain on the ground on Manus Island, where limited access is continuing to hamper our monitoring role. Our staff have received reports that several men remain inside the Regional Processing Centre, having been seriously injured, and are seeking additional information from the Governments of Australia and Papua New Guinea at this time. Medical treatment for all refugees and asylum seekers who require it is of paramount importance.

UNHCR unequivocally advised the Governments of Australia and Papua New Guinea prior to closure of the 'Regional Processing Centre' that comprehensive, intensive support for refugees and asylum-seekers is critical. Despite this, medical care remains inadequate, and caseworkers, interpreters, and torture and trauma counselling are completely unavailable. Similar concerns have been voiced by the authorities of Papua New Guinea, who lack the means and infrastructure to provide such services without further resources.

"The situation still unfolding on Manus Island presents a grave risk of further deterioration, and of further damage to extremely vulnerable human beings", said Thomas Albrecht, UNHCR's Regional Representative in Canberra. "UNHCR renews its call for all Australian Parliamentarians and leaders to take immediate action to provide protection and safety for all refugees and asylum-seekers transferred to Papua New Guinea."

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EU Concilium 17-12-01:

Libyen/ African Union-European Union summit - statement on the migrant situation till sidans topp

African and European leaders, gathered in Abidjan for the 5th AU/EU Summit, discussed the terrible media reports on inhuman treatment of African migrants and refugees by criminal groups. They condemned in the strongest terms any such criminal acts and expressed their firm resolve to work together for an immediate end of these criminal practices and to ensure the wellbeing of the migrants and refugees. They also agreed to widely communicate to the youth about the dangers of such hazardous journeys and against the trafficking networks.

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UNHCR 17-11-29:

UNHCR welcomes transit facility to expedite third country solutions till sidans topp

UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, welcomes the decision by the Libyan authorities to set up a "transit and departure facility" in Tripoli for people in need of international protection.

This initiative, which is supported by the Italian government, will facilitate the transfer of thousands of vulnerable refugees to third countries. "We hope that thousands of the most vulnerable refugees currently in Libya will benefit from this forward-looking initiative," said Roberto Mignone, UNHCR Representative to Libya. He added that the main objective is to speed up the process of securing solutions in third countries, particularly for unaccompanied and separated children and women at risk.

These solutions will include resettlement, family reunification, evacuation to UNHCR-run emergency facilities in other countries, or voluntary return, as appropriate.

At the facility, UNHCR staff and partners will provide registration and live-saving assistance such as accommodation, food, medical care and psychosocial support.

This initiative is one of a range of measures needed to offer viable alternatives to the dangerous journeys undertaken by refugees and migrants along the Central Mediterranean route. In September, UNHCR called for an additional 40,000 resettlement places to be made available for refugees located in 15 countries along this route. So far, only 10,500 pledges have been made.

"This initiative is a decisive step forward, and we are grateful for the strong commitment of the Libyan government in making this possible, as well as for the important role played by the Government of Italy. But we now need EU member states and others to step up with offers of resettlement places and other solutions, including family reunification slots," said Mignone. "Together, these will be an important platform for securing solutions for these vulnerable people, based on shared responsibility."

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UNHCR 17-11-24:

Australien/ Immediate action needed to avert further harm and tragedy on Manus Island till sidans topp

UNHCR is deeply disturbed by the forcible removal of refugees and asylum-seekers from the former 'Regional Processing Centre' on Manus Island today. The beating of refugees and asylum-seekers by uniformed officers with metal poles, shown by footage released today, is both shocking and inexcusable.

UNHCR staff remain on the ground on Manus Island, where limited access is continuing to hamper our monitoring role. Our staff have received reports that several men remain inside the Regional Processing Centre, having been seriously injured, and are seeking additional information from the Governments of Australia and Papua New Guinea at this time. Medical treatment for all refugees and asylum seekers who require it is of paramount importance.

UNHCR unequivocally advised the Governments of Australia and Papua New Guinea prior to closure of the 'Regional Processing Centre' that comprehensive, intensive support for refugees and asylum-seekers is critical. Despite this, medical care remains inadequate, and caseworkers, interpreters, and torture and trauma counselling are completely unavailable. Similar concerns have been voiced by the authorities of Papua New Guinea, who lack the means and infrastructure to provide such services without further resources.

"The situation still unfolding on Manus Island presents a grave risk of further deterioration, and of further damage to extremely vulnerable human beings", said Thomas Albrecht, UNHCR's Regional Representative in Canberra. "UNHCR renews its call for all Australian Parliamentarians and leaders to take immediate action to provide protection and safety for all refugees and asylum-seekers transferred to Papua New Guinea."

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AIDA 17-12-01:

Portugal/ AIDA Country report: Portugal till sidans topp

The new Country Report on Portugal, the 21st country covered by the Asylum Information Database, provides a detailed account of the country's legal framework, policy and practice relating to the asylum procedure, reception conditions, detention of asylum seekers and content of international protection.

Portugal has been at the centre of the implementation of the relocation programme from Italy and Greece, with a total 1,507 asylum seekers relocated so far. Asylum seekers arriving in the country through relocation had initially had their cases fast-tracked, though this trend seems to have subsided due to the increasing number of cases before the Aliens and Borders Service (SEF), the authority responsible for examining asylum claims.

Portugal has also set up a special coordination framework bringing together different reception providers in the context of relocation. Relocated asylum seekers benefit from an 18 to 24-month support programme by service providers such as the Platform for Reception of Refugees (PAR), followed by the Portuguese Refugee Council (CPR), the Municipality of Lisbon, União de Misericórdias, the Portuguese Red Cross, and other municipalities. Provisional figures suggest that one third of relocated asylum seekers in working age who are now coming to the end of the 18-month integration programme have secured employment in Portugal.

Reception arrangements for relocation run parallel to the reception system already established for spontaneously arriving asylum seekers, whereby reception responsibility is allocated to different actors depending on the type and stage of procedure an applicant is in. Asylum seekers in the regular procedure receive reception conditions from the Institute of Social Security (ISS), in admissibility and accelerated procedures by CPR, in appeal procedures by Santa Casa da Misericórdia de Lisboa (SCML), and in the border procedure by the SEF.

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Generation 2.0 17-12-05:

Grekland/ From Lesvos to Samos: Asylum Seekers speak out till sidans topp

In the last weeks, Generation 2.0 for Rights, Equality and Diversity visited Lesvos and Samos, two of the Aegean Islands that are hosting the majority of the asylum seekers arriving in Greece. The result is a report based on the testimonies of the asylum seekers: for this reason, quotes are a fundamental and integral part of it.

The dramatic living conditions in which asylum seekers are obliged to live contradict the common perspective which links the number of persons landing in the islands with the situation of people living there. In fact, the decision of the Asylum Service, following the EU-Turkey Deal, to block in the islands all the people who have arrived after the 20th of March 2016 in Greece, not only does not allow asylum seekers to reach the mainland, but also, as a consequence, leads to overcrowded hotspots where basic human rights are not respected.

Since the hotspots are overcrowded, a lot of people (families with babies included), have to live outside the camp, with tents they had to buy at their own expenses. Basic hygiene infrastructure is missing: there are areas in which hundreds of people live without toilets and showers. The food is not tempting and, many times, wasted. Asylum seekers do not have information and thus they do not understand why they can not move to the mainland. Some times they have to face brutality and, in the majority of cases, they are living in so much stress that they are not able to invest in their skills. They are, thus, wasting their time.

The report does not describe the situation in Lesvos and Samos from the outside, maintaining a certain distance, but on the contrary, the dialogues have the prominent role in it: we report what we were told and what asylum seekers wanted to share with us in order to raise awareness on their inhuman living situation.

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Läkare Utan Gränser 17-12-06:

Grekland/ Familjer på gränsen till en humanitär kris till sidans topp

För andra vintern i rad lever tusentals män, kvinnor och barn på de grekiska öarna på gränsen till en humanitär kris, varnar Läkare Utan Gränser. Läkare Utan Gränser skalar upp sitt humanitära arbete och uppmanar samtidigt EU och Greklands myndigheter att omedelbart flytta människor till fastlandet.

- I Lesbos trängs hela familjer, som nyligen kommit från länder som Syrien, Afghanistan och Irak, i små tält avsedda för sommarbruk. De kämpar för att hålla sig torra och varma i regnet och kylan, säger Aria Danika, projektkoordinator för Läkare Utan Gränser i Lesbos. Människors psykiska hälsa är också chockerande. Varje dag tar vi emot i genomsnitt tio patienter med akut ångest på vår mottagning, av dem är det många som försökt ta livet av sig eller skada sig själva. Situationen på ön var hemsk tidigare, nu är den bortom desperat.

På grund av de restriktioner som tillkom genom avtalet mellan EU och Turkiet, som hindrar människor att lämna öarna, är lägret Moria på Lesbos farligt överfullt. För närvarande bor fler än 7 000 människor i ett läger avsett för 2 300 personer. Och varje dag kommer i genomsnitt ytterligare 70 människor från Turkiet till Lesbos - de flesta är kvinnor och barn. I lägret finns det inte tillräckligt med duschar och toaletter, begränsad tillgång till dricksvatten och hela familjer sover i små tvåmannatält där det är blött och kallt. På ön Samos bor 1 500 personer i ett läger avsett för 700 personer, och hundratals sover i tält utan värme och under dåliga hygieniska förhållanden.

Stor risk för människors hälsa och liv

Dessa hemska levnadsvillkor utgör en stor risk för människors hälsa och liv. Redan i fjol dog fem personer i Moria till följd av levnadsvillkoren i lägret. Situationen är särskilt farlig för små barn som är mer känsliga för svåra väderförhållanden. Denna ohållbara situation leder också till ökad spänning och desperation bland migranter och flyktingar, och lokala invånare och myndigheter protesterar mot att öarna omvandlats till fängelser.

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 171124:

EU-kommissionen 17-11-09:

Turkiet/ EU Facility: new contracts signed as more refugees receive support till sidans topp

The European Commission reported on the impressive progress in the implementation of the EU Facility for Refugees in Turkey, during the 8th meeting of the Steering Committee of the Facility that took place in Brussels yesterday. Over one million refugees have now been reached with the EU's flagship humanitarian programme, the 'Emergency Social Safety Net' and multiple new contracts were signed for €115 million in the areas of humanitarian aid, socio-economic support and municipal infrastructure. Of the overall €3 billion budget for 2016-2017, €2.9 billion has been allocated. Of this, contracts have been signed for 55 projects worth over €1.78 billion, out of which €908 million have already been disbursed.

Johannes Hahn, Commissioner for European Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations, said: "With the recent signatures of contracts worth over €100 million, the EU Facility for Refugees in Turkey continues to deliver its commitment in supporting the refugees and host communities. A great example of this, are the Technical and Vocational programs organised with the Ministry of National Education, which aim at increasing employability by facilitating entry into the labour market and thus supporting the integration of refugees in their host communities."

Christos Stylianides, Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management, said: "We have recently reached a milestone of one million most vulnerable refugees benefitting from our main EU humanitarian programme. We have also signed five new agreements with humanitarian organisations to provide protection and health services. It is clear that the EU Facility for Refugees in Turkey is delivering and having a positive impact on the lives of the people who need our assistance."

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FRA 17-11-17:

Europa/ Migration fundamental rights challenges remain till sidans topp

New and persisting fundamental rights concerns in a number of EU Member States remain a feature of the migration situation in Europe, according to the FRA's latest monthly report. Overcrowding, immigrant detention, particularly of migrant children, and asylum processing delays are just some of the challenges highlighted.

Looking at the situation across 14 EU Member States, some of the main fundamental rights-related concerns identified in the latest summary report include:

1. Living conditions in some reception centres remain poor. This is in part due to overcrowding, particularly in some hotspots.

2. Child protection is still problematic in some places. For example, plans to transfer all asylum seeking unaccompanied children to juvenile correctional facilities in one Member State is a new cause for concern.

3. Mistreatment at border zones continues in some places. Reported problems range from pushbacks and refused entry to asylum seekers to lack of proper processing of asylum seekers and information about asylum procedures as well as restrictions of liberty at border transit zones while waiting for lengthy asylum procedures to be processed.

4. Support is still an issue in many places. This includes inadequate access to legal aid, lengthy delays in processing asylum claims, inadequate access to mental healthcare as well as practical and legal barriers to family reunification.

5. Incidents of racism, hate crime and hate speech towards migrants continue to be reported. The growing use of online platforms to spread hate speech and misinformation about asylum seekers is a worrying trend.

(...)

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Aitima 17-11-02:

Grekland/ Administrative detention in Greece remains problematic till sidans topp

Our organisation published a year ago the report "FORGOTTEN: Administratively detained irregular migrants and asylum seekers", in which it highlighted, among others, the derogation of the system of administrative detention from the relevant legislation, the international standards and the recommendations of the European Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment.

The last report of the aforementioned Committee of the Council of Europe regarding its visits taking place in 2016 as well as the Greek Government's response were recently published. The Report's findings - which include serious allegations- along with the response of the Greek government cause serious concerns.

Our organisation is still monitoring the system of administrative detention by conducting visits to the detention centers of Attica and Korinthos and by investigating cases of detainees. It is with great disappointment that we observe that the administrative detention system remains highly problematic.

(...)

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Rapporten från föregående år (Extern länk)

Pressmeddelande från CPT med länk till rapport och Greklands svar (Extern länk)

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ARCI / Statewatch 17-11-07:

Italien/ Account of a serious violation of the law in the hotspot in Lampedusa till sidans topp

- In spite of the ECtHR sentence in the Khlaifa case, arbitrary detention, mass expulsions and denial of the right to asylum continue

"Mr. M. has been on a hunger strike for four days. Another 200 Tunisian compatriots are with him, detained in the Lampedusa hotspot, and they refuse to eat until their rights are guaranteed. One of his companions was admitted into hospital a few hours ago. They are detained without any judge having authorised the measure, and they have not met anyone who would explain the procedures for filing a possible asylum request to them. Mr. A., who has been detained in lampedusa for 14 days alongside 200 compatriots, tells us a similar story. "I was denied the right to apply for asylum": these were his words on the telephone with ARCI.

With culpable silence from the institutions, Italy is violating the national and international normative frameworks. It is only thanks to the complaints from our Tunisian partners FTDES that we have been able to talk with the migrants who are held and on hunger strike.

Italy is acting with disregard for the European Court of Human Rights sentences which have found it guilty of violations. A few months ago the judges from the Strasbourg court found the Italian state to be in breach of the Convention for the treatment reserved to three Tunisian migrants, ordering 30,000 euros to be paid as compensation. According to the court, the three migrants were never told the reason for their detention and they were never given any opportunity to appeal against it. Moreover, the conditions of detention were described as "deeply degrading their human dignity". They included overcrowded rooms, people having to sleep on the floor, no doors separating the toilets and showers from the dormitories and a lack of water. No contact with the outside world was allowed.

Such conditions are happening again at present.

(...)

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ARCI / Statewatch 17-11-10:

Italien/ Statement: Now it's happening in the detention centre in Caltanisseta till sidans topp

Forum Tunisienne des Droits Economiques et Sociaux (FTDES) - 06/11/2017:

"40 Tunisian citizens are freed every day from the Lampedusa detention centre: Italy puts an end to illegal detention.

Now it's happening in the detention centre of Caltanissetta

A few days after the complaint filed by ARCI and FTDES, Italy has started releasing the Tunisian detainees illegally held in the Lampedusa Hotspot. Mr. A. explained that 40 of them are transferred every day by ferry from the island to Agrigento [on the Sicilian mainland] and left to their fate without any information or guidance as to the services in the territory. Nobody has explained the asylum application process to them. Nobody has translated nor allowed them the time to understand the paper they are forced to sign in order to leave the centre: is it an expulsion order? A laissez-passer document? Nobody has been given a copy of this document.

Today, ARCI and FTDES heard reports that the same violation of national and international conventions is taking place in the detention centre in Caltanissetta. This morning, Mr. H. told us that he had been held in the centre for 11 days without ever appearing before a judge responsible for authorising his detention. 70 other Tunisian citizens are in the same situation as his. Every Monday and Thursday, the Italian government carries out some mass expulsions to repatriate dozens of Tunisians without giving them the possibility to have access to asylum application procedures. Today, on Monday, Mr. H. said that there weren't any repatriations due to the Sicilian regional elections. This is why we ask:

- That the migrants illegally detained in the Caltanissetta detention centre be immediately released.

- That all the migrants held in the detention centres of Lampedusa and Caltanissetta be informed of their rights, in a language they understand.

- That Italy put an end to its illegal procedures for mass expulsions.

- That Italy publish the convention on expulsions signed with the Tunisian government."

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COE Commissioner for Human Rights 17-11-10:

Malta/ should step up efforts to enhance protection of women's and migrants' rights till sidans topp

Country visit report

(...)

Concerning the human rights of migrants the Commissioner noted that a number of positive steps were taken in the last two years. "I particularly welcome the end of the migrants' automatic detention policy as well as the participation of Malta in the EU refugee relocation programme."

In the Hal Far reception centre, the Commissioner met with Syrian, Iraqi and Somali families relocated from Greece and Italy, as well as with single men asylum seekers and refugees. He observed that the reception conditions in the families' unit were better than in the single men's one. "In spite of notable ameliorations since my predecessor's 2011 visit to Hal Far, the living conditions in the single men's unit, which consists of containers with poor sanitation facilities, need to be further improved." He also noted that a number of refugees and beneficiaries of subsidiary protection who would prefer living in the community have no access to private housing, in spite of the fact that many of them work, because of very high rents. "There is a severe problem of access to housing, not only for migrants but also for low-income Maltese households, which needs to be urgently addressed by the government", said the Commissioner.

As regards asylum procedures, the Commissioner noted with satisfaction the high refugee status recognition rate. However, he expressed concern about the frequent lack of legal motivation and of consistency of the Refugee Appeal Boards' decisions, as well as the fact that most successful asylum seekers are granted subsidiary protection rather than refugee status. "This is particularly worrying because beneficiaries of subsidiary protection are not entitled to family reunification under Maltese law. Family reunification being an essential factor of integration, I urge the Maltese authorities to put an end to this form of unfair distinction".

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 171110:

CPT 17-10-17:

Turkiet/ CPT publishes report on Turkey till sidans topp

The Council of Europe's Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CPT) has published today the report on its ad hoc visit to Turkey, which took place from 16 to 23 June 2015, together with the response of the Turkish Government.

The visit focused on the situation of foreign nationals detained under aliens legislation, and the report contains the CPT's findings and recommendations relating to various removal centres, as well as the holding facilities in the transit zone of Istanbul Atatürk Airport.

In their response, the Turkish authorities provide information on various measures taken or envisaged to implement the recommendations made by the Committee in the report.

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Amnesty International 17-11-07:

Papua/ Manus Island: Court ruling jeopardizes lives till sidans topp

+ The current situation on Manus Island amounts to cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment

+ Lives are at risk unless PNG authorities restore essential services

+ As Australia continues to flout international law, all refugees and vulnerable persons should be resettled to third countries

Critical services - including food, water and medical treatment - must be restored to the more than 600 refugees and vulnerable men inside the Lombrum detention centre on Manus Island before a major tragedy occurs, Amnesty International said today as researchers returned from Manus Island.

Refugees and vulnerable men should not be forcibly relocated until such time as their dignity and safety can be guaranteed.

"Today, Papua New Guinea's Supreme Court rejected a last ditch attempt by refugees to have these essential services restored and their rights protected. The decision is an abhorrent attack on the right to life," said Kate Schuetze, Amnesty International's Pacific Researcher.

"If authorities don't act immediately, there is a real risk that the situation will catastrophically deteriorate. The lives of these men, who are only asking for their rights to dignity and safety, are at serious risk."

"In 2013, when I first visited the detention centre on Manus Island a number of refugees described conditions as a 'psychological war' designed to break people mentally. Four years later, cruel tactics are still being used to pressure on refugees to relocate or settle in PNG. The situation has deteriorated to a point of utter despair."

(...)

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Sveriges Radio Ekot 17-10-31: Uppror i australiska flyktingläger (Extern länk)

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UNHCR / Migration News Sheet October 2017:

Libyen/ UNHCR: Migrants and refugees held captive in appalling conditions in Sabratha till sidans topp

Thousands of migrants and refugees are being held captive by smugglers in different locations, including farms and warehouses in and around the coastal city of Sabratha in Libya, according to a statement by UNHCR spokesperson Andrej Mahecic on 17 October.

UNHCR staff on the ground detail a picture of abuse on a shocking scale. "Amongst the refugees and migrants who suffered abuse at the hands of smugglers, there are pregnant women and new born babies. Hundreds of people were discovered with no clothes or shoes. Scores of them are in need of urgent medical care, with some suffering from bullet wounds and other visible signs of abuse."

Likewise, UNHCR underlined how traumatized refugees and migrants were, after being rescued from the smugglers. "Most of them say that they were subjected to numerous human rights abuses, including sexual and gender-based violence, forced labour and sexual exploitation."

Following three weeks of fighting between rival groups in Sabratha, which left at least 43 dead and 340 wounded, Libyan authorities took control of various informal detention centres and camps previously run by criminal networks where 4.000 to 6.000 refugees and migrants have been held.

According to a recent report by the European Council on Refugees and Exiles, the larger share of the migrants (2600 by 7 October) including pregnant women, newborn babies and unaccompanied minors have been transferred to a hangar of the Libyan Directorate for Combatting Illegal Migration (DCIM). This report further noted that most of the migrants were in urgent need of food, water, medical treatment and psychological support.

"We are seriously concerned by the large number of migrants caught up in recent developments in Sabratha. Alternatives to detention must be found for migrants in Libya, said Othman Belbeisi, IOM Libya Chief of Mission.

(...)

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Human Rights Watch 17-11-07:

Bangladesh/ Rohingya Crisis: 10 Principles for Protecting Refugees till sidans topp

The protection and assistance needs of Rohingya who fled ethnic cleansing in Burma should be high on the agenda of world leaders at upcoming summits in Vietnam and the Philippines, Human Rights Watch said today as it released its "Ten Principles for Protecting Refugees and Internally Displaced People Arising from Burma's Rohingya Crisis."

Since late August 2017, more than 600,000 Rohingya refugees have fled to Bangladesh while hundreds of thousands of internally displaced people remain in Burma's Rakhine State. Rohingya refugees have the right to return to their homes in Burma, but all returns must be voluntary and safe with full respect for returnees' human rights. World leaders need to press Burma to end its abusive operations, prevent future atrocities, and create the conditions necessary for Rohingya to choose to return home in safety and dignity, Human Rights Watch said.

"The Rohingya crisis is of gargantuan proportions and needs to be treated with utmost urgency," said Bill Frelick, refugee rights director at Human Rights Watch. "Leaders at the upcoming APEC and ASEAN summits should be putting the rights of the Rohingya at the top of their agenda."

The "Ten Principles" are intended to guide governments and humanitarian agencies as they address the Rohingya refugee crisis. They include an urgent call on donor governments to provide generous support to meet the humanitarian needs of Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh and internally displaced people of all ethnicities remaining in Burma.

The Bangladeshi government should keep its border open to asylum seekers and not coerce returns, respecting the principle of nonrefoulment, which prohibits the return of refugees to places where they would be persecuted or face a real risk of torture, or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment.

(...)

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Amnesty International 17-11-07:

Australien/ Manus Island: Court ruling jeopardizes lives till sidans topp

+ The current situation on Manus Island amounts to cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment

+ Lives are at risk unless PNG authorities restore essential services

+ As Australia continues to flout international law, all refugees and vulnerable persons should be resettled to third countries

Critical services - including food, water and medical treatment - must be restored to the more than 600 refugees and vulnerable men inside the Lombrum detention centre on Manus Island before a major tragedy occurs, Amnesty International said today as researchers returned from Manus Island.

Refugees and vulnerable men should not be forcibly relocated until such time as their dignity and safety can be guaranteed.

"Today, Papua New Guinea's Supreme Court rejected a last ditch attempt by refugees to have these essential services restored and their rights protected. The decision is an abhorrent attack on the right to life," said Kate Schuetze, Amnesty International's Pacific Researcher.

"If authorities don't act immediately, there is a real risk that the situation will catastrophically deteriorate. The lives of these men, who are only asking for their rights to dignity and safety, are at serious risk."

"In 2013, when I first visited the detention centre on Manus Island a number of refugees described conditions as a 'psychological war' designed to break people mentally. Four years later, cruel tactics are still being used to pressure on refugees to relocate or settle in PNG. The situation has deteriorated to a point of utter despair."

(...)

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FRA 17-10-24:

Europa/ Migration situation continues to raise fundamental rights concerns till sidans topp

Fundamental rights remain under threat in a number of EU Member States, according to the FRA's latest monthly report on migration-related issues. Some reception facilities, particularly in hotspots, are overcrowded, claiming asylum can be problematic and vulnerable groups, particularly migrant children, are still at risk.

Looking at the situation across 14 EU Member States, some of the main fundamental rights-related concerns identified in the latest summary report include:

1. Living conditions and support in reception centres remain poor. This is in part fuelled by overcrowding where, for example, some centres are catering for numbers exceeding up to three times their capacity. However, even in the many Member States where there are spare places due to falling numbers of new arrivals there has been criticism about the quality of care.

2. Unfair treatment at border zones continues in some places. Reported problems range from racial profiling, lack of information about asylum procedures and refused entry to asylum seekers, to restrictions of liberty at border transit zones while waiting for lengthy asylum procedures to be processed.

3. Practical and legal barriers in receiving healthcare, claiming asylum, and family reunification persist. These include lack of qualified interpreters leading to lengthy waiting periods, long asylum processes, and complex and sometimes costly legal processes without due legal aid.

4. Child protection is still poorly resourced in some places. For example, the International Organization for Migration has reported that no child protection officers have yet been assigned to children in Greek or Italian hotspots. Many unaccompanied children also continue to wait for accommodation in specialised facilities. In addition, there are indications that high numbers of children go missing from shelters and care centres.

(...)

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ECRE 17-10-27:

Frankrike/ One year after Calais dismantlement: 70 % confirmed in need for protection till sidans topp

One year after the dismantlement of the Calais camp the French Office for the Protection of Refugees and Stateless Persons (OFPRA) noted that nearly 15,000 persons transferred out of the Calais camp over the past two years have had their asylum applications examined, within a time limit of three months. 70% were granted international protection at first instance, while some have pending cases before the National Court of Asylum (CNDA).

While the protection need of the inhabitants of the so-called "jungle" in Calais has been debated prior to its dismantling one year ago, it is now established that the large majority were in fact entitled to protection. At the same time, a recent report from UNHCR cast new light on operation of Reception and Orientation Centres (CAO) and Reception and Orientation Centres for Unaccompanied Children (CAOMI) set up to accommodate individuals against the backdrop of dismantlement operations in Calais.

Based on visits to 48 such centres, UNHCR makes an overall positive assessment of the establishment of CAO as an efficient framework to allow people to register an asylum claim. UNHCR nevertheless stresses the need for more clarity and legal and financial certainty on the operation of the CAO and their role within the complex reception framework of the country. It also refers to the issue of access to services and cites CAO such as those in Decize or Dreux, established in urban centres, as good examples which enable residents to benefit from services and greater autonomy.

(...)

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Helen Griffiths, Human Rights Watch 17-11-01: Britain has opportunity to help children in Calais (Extern länk)

EurActiv 17-10-24: Independent inquiry finds 'likely' use of excessive force by French police (Extern länk)

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Unicef 17-10-30:

Grekland/ Allt fler barn på flykt i Grekland behöver skydd till sidans topp

I september kom nästan dubbelt så många flyktingar och migranter till Grekland som under samma period förra året, och situationen i de överfulla flyktinglägren har förvärrats. Bara en tredjedel av de ensamkommande barnen får idag det skydd och stöd de behöver, varnar UNICEF.

I september i år anlände mer än 5 700 människor till Grekland, jämfört med drygt 3 000 under samma period förra året. Flyktinglägren är överfulla och levnadsvillkoren för människorna där har försämrats.

Idag finns omkring 3 000 ensamkommande barn på flykt i Grekland. Men bara en tredjedel av dem har fått det skydd och stöd som de behöver. Vid vissa mottagningscenter på öarna lever idag mer än dubbelt så många barn som centren egentligen har plats för - vilket hotar barnens säkerhet och välmående.

Idag väntar cirka 1 800 ensamkommande barn på att få plats i ett säkert boende. De lever vid mottagningscenter, strandade på öarna eller har helt enkelt blivit frihetsberövade. Vissa lever till och med på gatan. Den kommande vintern gör situationen än mer farlig för barnen.

Ibland tar det uppemot fem månader innan barnen förflyttas till fastlandet, något som tär psykiskt och känslomässigt på barnen.

- Barnen har rätt till skydd och omvårdnad, och det finns lösningar för att ge dem det, säger Laurent Chapuis, samordnare för UNICEFs insatser för barn på flykt i Grekland. De ensamma barnen borde förflyttas till fastlandet så snabbt som möjligt, de existerande lägren borde få mer resurser och fler borde få komma till fosterfamiljer. Allt detta är möjligt.

UNICEF uppmanar nu till reformer för att stärka omhändertagandet av barnen. För de barn som har familjer i andra delar av Europa uppmanar vi andra europeiska länder att trappa upp familjeåterföreningen.

Mer måste göras för att hjälpa barnen. Sammanlagt finns omkring 19 000 barn på flykt i Grekland idag, varav cirka 15 procent är ensamkommande.

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Migration News Sheet October 2017: Greek coalition government criticised for delays in responding to refugee and migrant needs (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 171027:

Human Rights Watch 17-10-25:

Papua/ Refugees face unchecked violence till sidans topp

Keeping people on Manus Island leaves hundreds at risk

Australia and Papua New Guinea (PNG) have failed to protect the well-being of hundreds of refugees and asylum seekers sent to Manus Island under Australia's mandatory offshore processing policy, Human Rights Watch said today. About 770 men remain stuck in PNG, where many have suffered assaults and robberies and received inadequate health care, according to new interviews by Human Rights Watch.

The Australian and PNG governments' proposal to close the regional processing center (the "main center") on Manus Island by October 31, 2017, and transfer or settle those living there elsewhere in PNG will further endanger their safety and health. Australia should instead admit and integrate those found to be refugees, fairly process those with pending asylum claims, and reassess the claims of failed asylum seekers before forcibly returning them to their home countries, Human Rights Watch said.

"While the October 31 deadline looms, refugees and asylum seekers on Manus Island have been getting stabbed, beaten, and robbed," said Elaine Pearson, Australia director at Human Rights Watch. "The tragic irony is that moving these men from their squalid, guarded center and settling them elsewhere in PNG will actually put them at greater danger. The Australian government should instead genuinely protect them by transferring them to Australia."

Since 2013, Australia has sent asylum seekers who try to reach the country by boat to cramped and dirty offshore processing centers in PNG and Nauru. Male asylum seekers have been transferred to PNG's Manus Island, while men, women, and children have gone to Nauru. Under a regional resettlement arrangement, those sent to Manus who are recognized as refugees are to be settled in other parts of PNG.

(...)

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Amnesty International 17-10-18: Firm takes up toxic contract profiting from the abuse of refugees (Extern länk)

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Human Rights Watch 17-10-25:

Australien/ Refugees face unchecked violence till sidans topp

Keeping people on Manus Island leaves hundreds at risk

Australia and Papua New Guinea (PNG) have failed to protect the well-being of hundreds of refugees and asylum seekers sent to Manus Island under Australia's mandatory offshore processing policy, Human Rights Watch said today. About 770 men remain stuck in PNG, where many have suffered assaults and robberies and received inadequate health care, according to new interviews by Human Rights Watch.

The Australian and PNG governments' proposal to close the regional processing center (the "main center") on Manus Island by October 31, 2017, and transfer or settle those living there elsewhere in PNG will further endanger their safety and health. Australia should instead admit and integrate those found to be refugees, fairly process those with pending asylum claims, and reassess the claims of failed asylum seekers before forcibly returning them to their home countries, Human Rights Watch said.

"While the October 31 deadline looms, refugees and asylum seekers on Manus Island have been getting stabbed, beaten, and robbed," said Elaine Pearson, Australia director at Human Rights Watch. "The tragic irony is that moving these men from their squalid, guarded center and settling them elsewhere in PNG will actually put them at greater danger. The Australian government should instead genuinely protect them by transferring them to Australia."

Since 2013, Australia has sent asylum seekers who try to reach the country by boat to cramped and dirty offshore processing centers in PNG and Nauru. Male asylum seekers have been transferred to PNG's Manus Island, while men, women, and children have gone to Nauru. Under a regional resettlement arrangement, those sent to Manus who are recognized as refugees are to be settled in other parts of PNG.

(...)

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Amnesty International 17-10-18: Australian firm Canstruct takes up toxic contract profiting from the abuse of refugees (Extern länk)

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ECRE 17-10-13:

Frankrike/ One step forward and two steps back for unaccompanied minors from Calais till sidans topp

The Bar Human Rights Committee (BHRC), a human rights arm of the Bar of England and Wales, published a fact-finding report on the results of the dismantlement of the Calais camp known as the "Jungle" which took place one year ago. They found that over 4000 unaccompanied minors claiming to have family in the UK were currently stranded in France and were at-risk of being targeted by human traffickers.

During its fact-finding mission, BHRC first witnessed the chaos of the dismantlement and found that in the rush to dismantle, the authorities had failed to provide unaccompanied minors with alternative housing solutions, or to provide them with sufficient information on the ground. Furthermore, the unaccompanied minors "were subjected to a chaotic and unlawful age verification and registration process, based in many cases on physical appearance alone".

Following the dismantlement, asylum-seekers were moved towards reception centers across France and many promises were made in this tense political context, one of which was that those who had applications that fell under the Dublin regime would not be sent back summarily to the country they had passed through. The Minister of the Interior at the time, Bernard Cazeneuve, also called on the British authorities to fulfil its moral duty to the unaccompanied children in Calais that claimed they had family in the UK. At the time of the dismantlement, there were approximately 1200 unaccompanied living in the Jungle. In autumn 2016, the UK accepted 750 unaccompanied minors at the request of the French authorities to expedite the process.

Today, having fled Paris and the threats of Dublin returns and still wishing to reach the UK, approximately 700 asylum-seekers are back living in Calais, in conditions worse than they were a year ago.

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The Guardian 17-10-14: Storbritannien/ 'Thanks to Guardian readers, many children are now sleeping safely' (Extern länk)

Human Rights Watch 17-10-24: Inquiry finds police abused migrants in Calais (Extern länk)

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Amnesty International 17-10-23:

Grekland/ Asylum seekers in abysmal conditions on islands till sidans topp

Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras should end the Greek government's "containment policy" of confining asylum seekers to the Aegean islands, 19 human rights and humanitarian aid organizations said in an open letter released today.

Thousands of people, including very young children, single or pregnant women, and people with physical disabilities, are trapped in abysmal conditions as winter sets in. Forcing asylum seekers to remain in conditions that violate their rights and are harmful to their well-being, health, and dignity, cannot be justified by the implementation of the EU-Turkey deal, the organizations said.

Since the implementation of the EU-Turkey Statement in March 2016, the Greek islands of Lesbos, Chios, Samos, Kos, and Leros have become places of indefinite confinement. Thousands of women, men, and children are trapped in deplorable and volatile conditions, with many denied access to adequate asylum procedures. Asylum seekers who arrived on the islands in the first days of the implementation of the EU-Turkey Deal have been stuck there for almost 19 months.

The recent increase in arrivals of men, women, and children has increased the pressure on the already overcrowded reception and identification centers known as hotspots. Current arrivals are still comparatively quite low and should be manageable for Greece and the EU more broadly, but they include a significant number of women and children.

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Läkare utan Gränser oktober 2017: Confronting the mental health emergency on Samos and Lesvos (Extern länk)

FRA 17-10-17: Stronger protection in migration hotspots to guard against human trafficking (Extern länk)

Sveriges Radio Ekot 17-10-18: Allt fler barn i flyktingläger på Lesbos (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 171013:

Amnesty International 17-09-28:

Thailand/ Between a rock and a hard place till sidans topp

Thailand is failing to fulfil its obligation to protect refugees

For decades, Thailand has hosted hundreds of thousands of refugees fleeing violence and human rights violations in neighbouring countries and locations further afield. Notwithstanding Thailand's significant contribution to addressing regional and global refugee crises, the Thai government has frequently violated the rights of refugees.

Thai law does not provide formal legal status to refugees and asylum-seekers. They are therefore trapped in a life of perpetual insecurity, knowing that they could be arrested, detained or deported at any time. Many struggle to find employment, access medical care or even feed themselves and their families. Those who are arrested often find themselves detained for months or years in over-crowded immigration detention centers, which refugee rights advocates call "worse than prison."

On several occasions in the past three years, the Thai government has returned refugees and asylum-seekers to situations where they face torture, persecution and other serious human rights violations. These actions contravene Thailand's obligations under international law and demonstrate a callous disregard for the rights of people who have already experienced tremendous danger and suffering.

Rohingya refugees pushed out to sea

The Rohingya ethnic minority in Myanmar faces severe persecution and has often been the target of deadly attacks by state security forces and local civilian populations. In recent months and years, many Rohingya have fled to Bangladesh and risked their lives making deadly sea journeys in an attempt to find safety and security in other Southeast Asian countries.

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EU-kommissionen 17-10-08:

Serbien/ EU announces additional emergency aid to help refugees in Serbia till sidans topp

The European Commission has today announced an additional €4 million in humanitarian aid for Serbia to assist the thousands of refugees and asylum-seekers in the country.

The new contracts come as Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management Christos Stylianides is currently on his fourth visit to the country where he is assessing the humanitarian situation on the ground and discussing the EU's humanitarian support for refugees with government officials. The new projects finance food distribution in reception centres, the protection of the most vulnerable affected populations in particular during the upcoming winter and education-related activities.

"Serbia has been a reliable partner to the European Union, and our partnership has allowed an effective response to the refugee crisis. The EU has been a leading provider of humanitarian aid to the hosting of refugees in Serbia since 2015. We have helped improve conditions in many reception centres, contributed to food provision in camps, provided education in emergencies to children and helped providing health services. The additional projects announced today will address the needs of the most vulnerable population especially during the upcoming winter season", said Commissioner Stylianides.

Since 2015, the EU has been the largest contributor of emergency aid to Serbia. The Commission's humanitarian aid now stands at €25 million, and has enabled the provision of emergency assistance (food, water, hygiene, essential items, health and protection) at transit and reception points, including borders and waiting areas. A total of more than €80 million has been provided to the country in EU migration related funding since 2015.

Background

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CPT 17-09-26:

Grekland/ Anti-torture committee criticises detention of children till sidans topp

In a report on its April and July 2016 visits to Greece, published today, the Council of Europe's Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CPT) raises concerns over the situation in the "hotspots" on the Aegean islands. It is highly critical of the continued immigration detention of unaccompanied children. The report criticises the situation of adult immigration detainees in Athens and Thessaloniki, and calls for action to tackle the problem of police ill-treatment.

In the report, the CPT is critical about the treatment of foreign nationals in the "hotspots" on the Aegean islands. In particular, overcrowding, combined with high levels of inter-detainee violence, insufficient basic health-care provision, inadequate assistance to vulnerable groups and deficient legal safeguards, has created a highly explosive situation.

The report is highly critical of the continued and routine detention of foreign national children for lengthy periods in poor living conditions and with insufficient care offered to them. While acknowledging the Greek authorities' efforts to find additional accommodation, the CPT considers that the authorities should review their approach with regard to "protective custody" of unaccompanied children and end their immigration detention.

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Arkiveringsdatum 171001:

ECRE 17-09-22:

Libyen/ UN Security Council: Grave concern over migrants in Libya -sent back to hell? till sidans topp

A report by the UN Security Council published this month raises strong concern over the situation for migrants in Libya where detainees in migration detention facilities are at high risk of torture and other ill-treatment, forced labour, sexual violence, exploitation and being forcibly returned to their country of origin.

Detention facilities are run either by the Directorate for Combatting Illegal Migration (DCIM) or armed groups and conditions are poor, characterised by "overcrowding, lack of hygiene and access to basic necessities and adequate medical care". In detention centres run by militias, migrants routinely face exploitation, abduction, forced labour, extortion, torture including to death, and other forms of violence. IOM has also reported on slave trade of sub-Saharan migrants by militias.

The UN report also raises concern over ill-treatment of people intercepted by the Libyan Coast Guard. During Search and Rescue (SAR) operations migrants have been repeatedly subjected to physical violence, threatening language and firearms.

According to the UN report, UNHCR has repeatedly urged states to refrain from returning any third-country nationals intercepted or rescued at sea to Libya. The UN Refugee Agency states that the country does not meet the criteria to be defined as place of safety. In an answer to a parliamentary question by die Linke, the German government states that migrants rescued and intercepted by the Libyan Coast Guard are handed over to DCIM that runs detention centres. According to the UN report, IOM estimates that as of 19 July 11,122 persons have been intercepted and rescued by the Libyan Coast Guard, coastal security and fishermen in 2017.

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Artikeln med länk till rapporten och andra källor (Extern länk)

UNHCR 17-09-27: Survivors tell of kidnap and torture along route to Europe (Extern länk)

UNHCR 17-09-12: UNHCR steps up efforts towards alternatives to detention (Extern länk)

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AIDA 17-09-07:

Europa/ Vulnerability in European asylum procedures: New AIDA comparative report till sidans topp

An AIDA comparative report published today examines the concept of vulnerability in European asylum procedures.

The EU asylum acquis presents a fragmented legal framework for identifying vulnerable categories of asylum seekers, as well as defining the special guarantees necessary to preserve their ability to enjoy their rights and comply with their obligations in the asylum process. Although increased awareness and adaptability of Member States' asylum systems has been a primary objective of the successive legislative reforms of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS), this has only yielded limited results in practice so far.

The application of EU law standards in Member States' legal orders and systems faces important protection gaps, which result as much from poor implementation as from the complexity of and limitations inherent in current EU asylum law. Moreover, the terminological and conceptual ambiguity relating to the concept of vulnerability and the varying scopes of the categories of asylum seekers considered "vulnerable" in the recast Asylum Procedures and Reception Conditions Directives has contributed to incoherent approaches to the protection of these asylum seekers in national asylum processes.

Drawing on the AIDA report, ECRE makes the following recommendations:

Data collection

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FRA 17-09-22: Stronger control over standards in migrant reception centres needed (Extern länk)

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Human Rights Watch 17-09-17:

Grekland/ No school for many asylum-seeking kids till sidans topp

Greece's Education Ministry should move quickly to implement positive new plans for the education of asylum-seeking children on the Aegean islands and make schools accessible to all of them, Human Rights Watch said today. When the school year began on September 11, 2017, hundreds of asylum-seeking children who are being prevented from leaving the islands due to a European Union deal with Turkey remained out of school.

Greece will extend a program that provides special Greek classes and integration support for non-native speaking pupils to asylum-seeking children on the islands. But this program excludes children in the so-called refugee hotspots and other reception facilities who cannot obtain the proof of address required to enroll in school. To reach children in these facilities, the Education Ministry recently announced it would open afternoon classes at public schools on the islands.

"Greece's Education Ministry has crucial work ahead as it attempts to improve the country's dismal record of denying access to school to children seeking asylum on the islands," said Simon Rau, Mercator fellow at Human Rights Watch. "Children who have fled hellish conditions in search of safety in Europe need the support and hope a classroom provides and cannot wait until much of the school year has passed."

The new integration program and the afternoon classes will both exclude children over age 15, and a delay in providing vaccinations to asylum-seeking children poses problems because vaccinations are required for school enrollment. The ministry estimates that both programs will start in mid-October.

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Myrto Tilianaki, HRW 17-09-19: Police cells are no place for migrant kids (Extern länk)

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ECRE 17-09-22:

Grekland/ The other Greek island: Squalid conditions and arbitrary deportation in Crete till sidans topp

With the establishment of a Regional Asylum Office of Crete in July 2017 the island emerged as key location in Greece's reception of refugees and migrants. While UNHCR has successfully accommodated approximately 240 refugees, those arriving irregularly to the island face harsh conditions and risk of deportation.

UNHCR expanded its accommodation scheme earlier in the spring with the aim of gradually housing 750 asylum seekers in 125 rented apartments across Crete. The Minister of Migration Policy announced at the time that this was a "programme of dignity for all, as it guarantees the peaceful coexistence and safety of asylum seekers and local communities." However, those arriving irregularly to the island have faced widely different treatment. A group of 74 people, including 28 children, who arrived by boat on 7 September were hosted in the dockworkers' unit of the port of Iraklion, under insalubrious and unsafe conditions denounced by dockworkers.

The area was surrounded by police officers on 12 September, who prevented access to the building. The residents, including 28 individuals who had expressed the will to apply for asylum, were served with return decisions in Greek which were neither translated nor explained to them in a language they could understand. Despite efforts from UNHCR and the Bar Association of Iraklion to ensure access to asylum, 69 people were transferred under police escort from Iraklion to the pre-removal detention centre of Kos on the morning of 13 September, likely with a view to deportation to Turkey. The Iraklion Initiative for Migrants and Refugees and the Bar Association of Iraklion have strongly denounced the practice of the authorities, while a complaint has been filed with the Greek Ombudsman.

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Arkiveringsdatum 170901:

Oxfam International 17-08-09:

Libyen/ Torture, rape and slavery in Libya: why migrants must be able to leave this hell till sidans topp

Rape, torture and slave labor are among the horrendous daily realities for people stuck in Libya who are desperately trying to escape war, persecution and poverty in African countries, according to a new report by Oxfam and Italian partners MEDU and Borderline Sicilia.

The report features harrowing testimonies, gathered by Oxfam and its partners, from women and men who arrived in Sicily having made the dangerous crossing from Libya. Some revealed how gangs imprisoned them in underground cells, before calling their families to demand a ransom for their release. A teenager from Senegal told how he was kept in a cell which was full of dead bodies, before managing to escape. Others spoke of being regularly beaten and starved for months on end.

Oxfam and its partners are calling on Italy and other European member states to stop pursuing migration policies that prevent people leaving Libya and the abuse they are suffering.

158 testimonies, of 31 women and 127 men, gathered by Oxfam and MEDU in Sicily, paint a shocking picture of the conditions they endured in Libya:

+ All but one woman said they had suffered from sexual violence

+ 74% of the refugees and other migrants said they had witnessed the murder and /or torture of a travelling companion

+ 84% said they had suffered inhuman or degrading treatment, extreme violence or torture in Libya

+ 80% said they had been regularly denied food and water during their stay in Libya

+ 70% said they had been tied up

Roberto Barbieri, executive director of Oxfam Italy, said:

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Human Rights Watch 17-08-04:

Australien/ Leaked transcript exposes Australia's unlawful refugee policy till sidans topp

Elaine Pearson, Australia Director

The leaked transcript of the infamous January 28 phone call between US President Donald Trump and Australia's Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull has some extraordinary revelations.

It confirms how Australia's foreign policy has been hijacked by immigration concerns. One might expect the first call between these two leaders would have focused on more pressing matters of global security but for nearly the entire call, Australia's Prime Minister is desperately trying to persuade the US president to uphold an agreement to take a small number of refugees from Australia's offshore processing centers in Papua New Guinea's Manus Island and Nauru.

The transcript exposes the hypocrisy of Australia's refugee policies and Turnbull's complete disregard for international law. "If they had arrived by airplane and with a tourist visa then they would be here," Turnbull says. But under the Refugee Convention, which Australia has ratified, countries can't discriminate against those seeking asylum based on mode of transport. The treaty recognizes that refugees may need to enter a country illegally for protection and should not be punished for that.

Turnbull also falsely refers to those on Manus and Nauru as "economic refugees" when in fact all of those being considered for US resettlement are recognized as refugees for having a well-founded fear of persecution if returned home.

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Destination Unknown 17-07-28:

Frankrike/ Children in Calais face systematic police abuse, says RRDP report till sidans topp

Once home to 8,000 refugees and migrants living in inhumane circumstances, Calais is again being described as a human rights violation zone. An independent survey by the Refugees Rights Data Project (RRDP) recently uncovered an alarming situation of displaced children and youth living in and around Calais.

Despite its dire living conditions, Calais continues to be a city of transit for those seeking a better future in the UK. Six months after the so called 'Jungle' camp was dismantled, around 400 displaced people are living in the area again - nearly half of them children.

With no adequate shelter in the city, displaced people are sleeping rough on the streets. They have limited access to health assistance and often experience violence from either the police or far right citizens.

The situation is particularly harmful to children. Unprotected and abandoned to their fate, the vast majority of these children are alone and exposed to violence, trafficking and exploitation.

French authorities seem determined to drive refugees and migrants, including children, out of Calais. From the 86 children interviewed by the RRDP, over 95 percent have experienced violent episodes of police abuse - including the use of a taser, tear gas and batons. More than three quarters of the children interviewed had already been detained or arrested in the area.

"The national police ran after me and fought me, beat me by stick and sprayed me with tear gas on my face. I didn't expect that to happen in a country like France," said a 14 years old boy from Ethiopia.

One 16-year-old boy from Eritrea added:

"They gave me an electric shock. It happened in the Calais port because they were searching the area".

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Human Rights Watch 17-08-03:

Frankrike/ Calais: Tear gas or pepper spray, abuse is abuse till sidans topp

Michael Garcia Bochenek

In Calais at the end of June, I spoke to a 17-year-old Ethiopian boy (I'll call him Biniam T.). He said French riot police (the Compagnies républicaines de sécurité, CRS) had sprayed him with a chemical substance as he was walking with some other boys along the side of a road: "It was the daytime, and they came in a van. They sprayed us from the van. They didn't say anything; they just sprayed."

It wasn't the first time I heard such an account-in fact, nearly every one of the children and adults I interviewed had a similar story. Nor was it the only time police had subjected Biniam to such treatment. "If they catch us when we are sleeping, they will spray us and take all of our stuff. Every two or three days they do this," he said. "This is normal for us. It's part of our life."

Conditions for migrants in Calais may soon improve, at least marginally. Interior Minister Gérard Collomb announced on July 31 that the state would open new shelters for migrants, provide access to water, toilets, and showers and investigate reports of excessive use of force by police.

This is a positive, if initial, response to the Human Rights Watch report last week of widespread police abuses against migrants in Calais and a court decision this week from France's highest administrative court sharply criticizing officials' refusal to provide water and other humanitarian assistance to migrants. City officials had at first opposed the Interior Ministry's plans and had vowed not to comply with the court order.

And the minister also challenged our finding that riot police routinely use pepper spray on child and adult migrants when they pose no conceivable threat. A ministry news release stated that police use teargas rather than pepper spray. "I reiterate that in the security forces, there is no use of pepper spray," he told reporters, adding, "There could be some misconduct by individuals."

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Statewatch 17-08-04: Conceil d'Etat: Court did rightly order water and toilets for migrants in Calais (Extern länk)

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AIDA 17-08-29:

Ungern/ Hungary: Dublin transfers suspended by Germany till sidans topp

The German Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF) has suspended transfers to Hungary under the Dublin Regulation until further notice, on account of systematic detention, push backs and the lack of integration perspectives in the country.

Transfers had already been de facto halted since April 2017, as the BAMF was required to obtain individual guarantees from the Hungarian authorities to ensure that asylum seekers transferred to the country would benefit from treatment in accordance with the Common European Asylum System (CEAS) standards. This policy shift came about following a UNHCR statement urging Member States to refrain from transfers to Hungary.

Germany has issued 1,915 requests to Hungary and implemented 30 transfers so far this year, while Austria has transferred 79 people.

Notisen med länkar till källor (Extern länk)

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Human Rights Watch 17-08-02:

Grekland/ Huge rise in detention of migrant children till sidans topp

The number of unaccompanied migrant children held in unsuitable police cells and detention centers in Greece has increased alarmingly, Human Rights Watch said today in a letter to Migration Policy Minister Yiannis Mouzalas.

According to the National Center for Social Solidarity, a government body, as of July 19, 2017, an estimated 117 children were in police custody awaiting transfer to a shelter. That number is in stark contrast to November 2016, when only two unaccompanied children were detained. The Greek government should take urgent action to reduce the number of unaccompanied migrant children in police custody, Human Rights Watch said.

"Instead of being cared for, dozens of vulnerable children are locked in dirty, crowded police cells and other detention facilities across Greece, in some cases with unrelated adults," said Eva Cossé, Greece researcher at Human Rights Watch. "The Greek government has a duty to end this abusive practice and make sure these vulnerable kids get the care and protection they need."

Human Rights Watch research has documented the arbitrary and prolonged detention of unaccompanied migrant children in police cells and other detention centers, in violation of international and Greek law. Under Greek law, unaccompanied children should be transferred to safe accommodation, but Greece has a chronic shortage of space in suitable facilities.

Human Rights Watch also highlighted the fact that the decision by the European Commission to transfer responsibility and European Union funding for managing unaccompanied migrant children from nongovernmental groups to the Greek government is likely to exacerbate the shortage of suitable shelter space for unaccompanied children. Nongovernmental groups say that the shift means that at least five shelters for unaccompanied children in Greece will be closed.

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Kathimerini 17-08-05: Number of unaccompanied minors detained with unrelated adult males rises (Extern länk)

Amnesty International 17-07-28: Authorities must investigate allegations of force and ill-treatment (Extern länk)

Kathimerini 17-08-03: Asylum seekers being blocked out of job market and health system (Extern länk)

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EU-kommissionen 17-07-27:

Grekland/ EU lanserar ett nytt program för humanitär hjälp och bostäder åt flyktingar till sidans topp

EU-kommissionen tillkännager i dag nya nödhjälpsprojekt för flyktingar i Grekland till ett värde av 209 miljoner euro.

I det nya initiativet ingår ett flaggskeppsprogram för att integrera och skaffa bostäder åt flyktingar och deras familjer så att de kan hyra bostäder i städer och få kontantbistånd. Det här är en förändring i förhållande till tidigare humanitära projekt, där stöd främst gavs till vistelsen i läger och materiella förnödenheter.

- Idag inleder vi ett nytt kapitel för flyktingarna i Grekland. Vår nya finansiering innebär en förändring av hur vi lämnar bistånd för att förbättra människors liv. De nya projekten syftar till att få bort flyktingarna från lägren, ordna med ordinära bostader och hjälpa dem att leva ett tryggare och mer normalt liv. Tillsammans med våra samarbetspartner för humanitär hjälp och de nationella myndigheterna är vi fast beslutna att hjälpa de mest utsatta flyktingarna och göra vår humanitära plikt med sikte på en mer kostnadseffektiv lösning, säger biståndskommissionär Christos Stylianides

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Human Rights Watch 17-07 -31:

Spanien/ Migrants held in poor conditions - Automatic detention, obstacles to asylum till sidans topp

Asylum seekers and other migrants arriving by sea to Spanish shores are held in poor conditions and face obstacles in applying for asylum. They are held for days in dark, dank cells in police stations and almost certainly will then automatically be placed in longer-term immigration detention facilities pending deportation that may never happen.

"Dark, cage-like police cells are no place to hold asylum seekers and migrants who reach Spain," said Judith Sunderland, associate Europe and Central Asia director at Human Rights Watch. "Spain is violating migrants' rights, and there is no evidence it serves as a deterrent to others."

The number of asylum seekers and other migrants crossing the western Mediterranean to Spain is increasing. According to the International Organization for Migration (IOM), 7,847 people reached Spanish shores between January 1 and July 26, 2017, compared with 2,476 during the same period in 2016.

Although the numbers pale in comparison to the 94,445 people disembarked in Italy during the first seven months of 2017, Spanish interior minister Juan Ignacio Zoido cited "important pressure" on Spanish ports in rejecting Italy's recent request to have some of the people rescued in the central Mediterranean taken to Spain.

Almost all adults and children traveling with a family member arriving to mainland Spain by boat are detained for up to 72 hours in police facilities for identification and processing. The majority of adult men and women are then sent to an immigration detention center for a maximum of 60 days, pending deportation. If they cannot be deported they are released but have no legal right to remain and are under obligation to leave the country.

Conditions in police facilities in Motril, Almería, and Málaga, which Human Rights Watch visited in May, are substandard, Human Rights Watch found. The facilities in Motril and Almería have large, poorly lit cells with thin mattresses on the floor, while Málaga police station has an underground jail with no natural light or ventilation.

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Arkiveringsdatum 170712:

Refugees International 17-05-31:

Libyen/ "Hell on earth": Abuses against refugees trying to reach Europe from Libya till sidans topp

As Europe faces its largest movement of refugees and migrants since World War II, the majority of refugees and migrants are reaching its borders by crossing the Mediterranean Sea. While the majority of refugees and migrants arrived in Europe by crossing the sea between Turkey and Greece in 2015 and early 2016, the main route is currently between Libya and Italy.

Whether they went to Libya to work or just as a place of transit on their way to safety and protection in Europe, migrants and refugees who have spent weeks, months or years in Libya face abuses that include arbitrary detention, torture, unlawful killings, rape, forced labor, kidnapping, and even slavery. Many are held by smugglers for months or detained in official or semi-official detention centers in inhumane conditions where even their most basic rights as human beings are denied. Libya itself has been in turmoil since 2011, with three different governments competing for power and militias and criminal networks operating across the country.

More than 60,000 refugees and migrants arrived in Europe between January 1 and May 24, 2017, with the vast majority landing in Italy. Eager to stem the flow of people using this route, the European Union (EU) and its member states have deployed measures which include training and equipping the Libyan coast guard and promoting returns to people's countries of origin. As the violence and chaos in Libya continue, the EU must ensure that its actions do not result in refugees and migrants being returned to torture or other forms of ill-treatment in Libya. The EU must make rescue at sea a priority. The EU should also provide solutions for people in need of international protection, including safe and legal paths to protection in Europe while pushing Libya to fully ensure all human rights protections for refugees and migrants in that country.

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UNHCR 17-07-04:

Libyen/ UNHCR resettles group of vulnerable women refugees from Libya till sidans topp

UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, evacuated today six vulnerable refugee women from Libya to a country that has accepted to resettle them. A second group of seven refugees is expected to follow shortly.

The women being resettled today suffered horrific abuse and were kept in servitude by an armed group in Libya. They were later detained by the authorities. Following UNHCR's intervention, they were released and transferred to a safe house in Libya.

In the last 18 months, UNHCR has successfully advocated with the Libyan authorities for the release of over 900 refugees and asylum seekers from detention centres in various parts of the country.

Up to 89 per cent of people crossing the Mediterranean Sea to Europe depart from Libya. Refugees and asylum seekers are among the over 90,000 who have made the dangerous sea crossing to Europe as of June 30 2017. UNHCR's protection activities, especially finding alternative solutions - such as resettlement - for refugees making their way to Libya, can contribute to reduce the number of people risking their lives in the Mediterranean.

Since January, UNHCR has submitted resettlement referrals for 60 refugees. Out of these submissions, 15 individuals have been accepted by a third country. So far, a family of five Syrian refugees left Libya for their new country on 31 May. Another Syrian refugee has also been resettled and he is now happily continuing his studies.

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Amnesty International 17-07-06:

Libyen/ A perfect storm: The failure of european policies in the Central Mediterranean till sidans topp

A humanitarian crisis continues to unfold in the central Mediterranean as thousands of people are dying at sea in the desperate attempt to reach safety or a better life in Europe. Instead of trying to prevent further loss of life, European leaders are focused on preventing refugees and migrants from departing from Libya to keep the number of arrivals in Europe down. This report shows how this reckless European strategy is exposing refugees and migrants to even greater risks at sea and, when intercepted, to disembarkation in Libya, where they face horrific conditions and violations in detention, torture and rape.

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Europarådet 17-07-07:

Ungern/ Visit to transit zones to evaluate sexual abuse risks faced by migrant children till sidans topp

Council of Europe children's rights experts concluded today a three-day visit to Hungary to evaluate risks of sexual abuse and exploitation faced by migrant children placed in transit zones. Their report is expected in October.

Hungarian authorities invited Lanzarote Committee Chair Claude Janizzi and representatives of the committee to visit Hungary, following a letter that Janizzi had sent to Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orbán in March, in which he expressed concerns that a new Hungarian law - "On the amendment of certain acts related to increasing the strictness of procedures carried out in the areas of border management" - could increase the risks of sexual abuse of migrant children.

The Hungarian government in its reply reiterated that the new rules were applied only during a crisis situation, and that unaccompanied migrant children aged 14-18 placed in transit zones were provided legal guardians who are trained and experienced in child protection, victim protection and guardianship. According to the government replies, these children also receive three meals a day, health care, clothes, education and can freely practice religion; social workers are present 24/7 in the transit zones, and unaccompanied children in the transit zones are placed separately from adults.

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Arkiveringsdatum 170628:

Läkare i Världen 17-06-20:

Uganda/ Världen sviker flyktingarna i Uganda till sidans topp

Uganda är idag det land i Afrika med flest flyktingar, och runt 2 000 nya flyktingar anländer varje dag. De flesta av dem flyr undan våldet i Sydsudan. Resurserna är dock långt ifrån tillräckliga och livräddande förnödenheter såsom mat och vatten måste prioriteras för att förhindra att situationen blir akut.

- För närvarande är inte ens de mest grundläggande behoven hos flyktingarna uppfyllda, säger Tara Newell, insatsansvarig för Läkare Utan Gränser i Uganda.

Otillräckliga resurser, i kombination med bristfälliga vatten- och sanitetsförhållanden och brist på mat, kan snabbt göra situationen till en medicinsk nödsituation. I Palorinya, en bosättning för flyktingar, är 80 procent av befolkningen helt beroende av vatten som Läkare Utan Gränser tillhandahåller, vilket är ohållbart.

- Trots att vi tillhandahåller rekordmängder vatten i Palorinya räcker det knappt för befolkningen, säger Tara Newell.

Flertalet flyktingar som bor i bosättningar utan vattenverk, och som måste förlita sig på några få brunnar och vattenbilar, får sju liter vatten per person och dag. Tillgången till vatten i bosättningarna är helt beroende av vattenbilar, ett enormt dyrt system som ofta kan spåras till dåliga vägförhållanden.

- Utan en långsiktig och mer kostnadseffektiv lösning kommer människors förmåga att klara sig, såväl som deras hälsa, att försämras, säger Tara Newell.

"Jag blir hellre dödad i Sydsudan än svälter i Uganda"

(...)

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AIDA 17-06-21:

Europa/ AIDA Briefing: The expansion of detention of asylum seekers till sidans topp

An AIDA legal briefing published today tracks the expansion of detention policies and practices across Europe. Despite the entry into force of common standards relating to detention such as those prescribed in the recast Reception Conditions Directive, the deprivation of liberty of asylum seekers as a migration control instrument varies significantly from one country to another. In 2016, detention was applied to a substantial part of the asylum-seeking population in countries such as Bulgaria, while its use remained low in Poland or even minimal in Malta.

At the same time, the briefing documents a visible trend of increase in detention infrastructure across Europe, with notable examples of rising detention capacity in the Mediterranean region. Countries such as Turkey, Italy, Spain and Greece, that have some of the most sizeable detention infrastructures in the continent, are in the course of establishing additional spaces for confining refugees and migrants.

The expansion of detention in Europe is also pursued in legal forms. The permissive and often uneasy interpretation of concepts derived from criminal law, such as the "risk of absconding" or "public order", has led to wider use of detention against asylum seekers in contradiction of fundamental rights and safeguards. Similar expansion also transpires in the use of detention of asylum seekers in the context of border control, where recent national reforms in Hungary or Poland have created risks of systematic and arbitrary detention through an almost exclusive conduct of asylum procedures at the border.

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AIDA 17-06-27:

Frankrike/ Detention still a primary instrument of migration control till sidans topp

The annual report on administrative detention in France, published today by six civil society organisations present in detention centres, details the systematic use of deprivation of liberty as a primary instrument of migration control.

Last year, France detained 45,937 persons in administrative detention centres (CRA) and other places of administrative detention (LRA) scattered across the territory and overseas. The year 2016 drew a particularly strong link between detention and camp management policies, where the dismantlement of settlements in Paris, Calais and Metz, as well as unlawful evictions (décasages) in Mayotte, resulted in people being placed in detention, often to the detriment of their personal situation and in contravention of legal standards.

People detained in the French mainland in 2016 mainly originated from Algeria, Albania, Morocco, Tunisia, Romania and Afghanistan. On the other hand, nearly half (21,847) of the total number of persons detained were held overseas. According to the organisations, including ECRE members Forum réfugies - Cosi and France terre d'asile, the majority of those detained in Mayotte came from Comoros, while nationals of Haiti were the main nationality detained in Guiana.

The number of children detained last year was 4,507, with the vast majority of detentions (4,325) applied in Mayotte alone.

The report also notes that Dublin transfers of asylum seekers make up more than 10% of France's deportations within the European Union. The impetus of the French authorities towards a stricter application of the Dublin Regulation, in particular through the systematic use of house arrest and deprivation of liberty, has led to an increase in Dublin returns following detention, from 500 in 2015 to 1,000 in 2016. The French approach echoes a Europe-wide trend of legal and infrastructural expansion of detention.

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Europarådet 17-06-27:

Ungern/ PACE rapporteur urges Hungary to work more closely with NGOs till sidans topp

Duarte Marques (Portugal, EPP/CD), whose report on "Comprehensive solutions to the migration crisis" is due to be debated in Strasbourg tomorrow, has urged the Hungarian authorities to co-operate more closely with non-governmental organisations assisting migrants, as well as international organisations dealing with migration issues.

Mr Marques, whose information memorandum on a recent fact-finding visit to the country was made public today, also called on Hungary to "show greater transparency" in its dealings with NGOs helping migrants.

"Organisations such as the Helsinki Committee and the Cordelia Foundation were doing a good job alongside the UNHCR before the new legislation on migration was introduced in Hungary in March," he pointed out. "Now, however, they are being hindered or even stopped from carrying out their essential jobs, whether they are specialised in legal assistance, social and medical care, psychological support, or work with children."

"These organisations are a crucial part of the 'comprehensive response' to the migration crisis that is urgently needed, and they help our governments to ensure the basic rights of asylum seekers and refugees on our territories are fully respected," he concluded.

PACE is to hold a full day of plenary debates on the topic of migration tomorrow, including the report by Mr Marques. The Mayor of Athens, as well as Sweden's Migration Minister and the Council of Europe's Human Rights Commissioner are due to take part.

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Arkiveringsdatum 170613:

Human Rights Watch 17-05-31:

Turkiet/ Education barriers for asylum seekers till sidans topp

Afghan, Iranian children lack status, risk child labor

Many child asylum seekers in Turkey are not going to school because of arbitrary policies for asylum seekers, Human Rights Watch said today. The Turkish interior ministry should revise the policies for non-Syrian asylum seekers that are preventing these vulnerable children from getting an education, despite their right to it under Turkish and international law.

"Turkish law guarantees all children the right to education, but for many child asylum seekers this is an empty promise," said Simon Rau, Mercator fellow on children's rights at Human Rights Watch. "There are feasible steps that Turkey should take to get all children, including asylum seekers, into school."

In March 2017, Human Rights Watch interviewed the families of 68 Afghan and Iranian children ages 5 to 17, in Denizli, Trabzon, and Gümü?hane, which are among places asylum seekers are assigned, and in Istanbul, which is not. Thousands of Afghans and others have nonetheless moved to Istanbul in search of work, and as a result do not have legal status and are at risk of arrest.

Turkey hosts more refugees and asylum seekers than any other country in the world, including 2.8 million Syrians and about 290,000 people from other countries, mostly Iraq, Afghanistan, and Iran. In Turkey, asylum seekers from countries other than Syria are required to live in assigned cities, and are restricted from moving elsewhere even if there are few job opportunities and limited aid where they are assigned. Asylum seekers who stay in their assigned city may face poverty-related barriers to education, with parents unable to meet associated costs or feeling they have little choice but to send their children to work rather than school. Those who move in search of work lose their legal status, without which they cannot enroll their children in school.

(...)

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UNHCR 17-06-06:

Libanon-Jordanien/ Looming destitution and despair for refugee families till sidans topp

UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, warns that without urgent additional funding, some 60,000 Syrian refugee families will be cut from monthly cash assistance programmes in Lebanon and Jordan as early as July.

Vital parts of UNHCR's response to the needs of Syrian refugees are critically underfunded. Additional contributions are urgently required to avoid dramatic and deep cuts to both basic and life-saving services to Syrian refugees in the second half of the year.

Despite generous pledges, humanitarian programmes in support of Syrian refugee and communities hosting them are quickly running out of resources. The situation is most dramatic in Lebanon and Jordan where a number of direct cash assistance activities could dry up in less than four weeks.

Syrian refugees in Lebanon - 70 per cent of whom are living under the national poverty line - say that without this lifeline, they don't know how they will manage to survive. For many, cash assistance is the only means of buying medicine for sick family members and paying off their bills and fast-accumulating debts. Refugees tell UNHCR that every month they struggle to pay their rent and face the threat of eviction.

Those who fled to Jordan face equally stark challenges. Refugees tell our staff that UNHCR monthly cash support means a meal a day, a better roof, their dignity. Now they fear losing everything. Many say would prefer to go back to Syria to die if they stop receiving this assistance. For every third family in the cash assistance programme in Jordan this is their sole source of income, making them particularly vulnerable to any cuts.

(...)

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Sida 17-05-30:

Kenya/ Oegentligheter upptäckta i flyktingläger i Kenya till sidans topp

Sida har fått information om allvarliga missförhållanden i det kenyanska flyktinglägret Kakuma av UNHCR som driver lägret. Flyktingar har fått betala lokalanställda i lägret för tjänster som ska vara gratis, som mat, skola, sjukvård och administration kring registrering av flyktingar och utfärdande av handlingar.

- Vi ser mycket allvarligt på det som kommit fram och att höra att personal utnyttjat de svagaste och mest sårbaras utsatthet på det här viset är helt oacceptabelt, säger Susanne Mikhail, chef för det humanitära biståndet på Sida.

I Kakuma bor 180 000 flyktingar som flytt krig och konflikt men också klimatförändringar. Hit har de kommit framför allt för att få säkerhet, men också tillgång till mat och sjukvård. I lägret har det funnits en god kapacitet för att stödja flyktingarnas behov som exempelvis barnens tillgång till skola.

UNHCR fick tips om oegentligheter förra året direkt av flyktingarna själva. Flyktingarna har fått betala för tjänster som ska vara avgiftsfria som exempelvis skolgång där man fick betala för att klara examina och för medicinska remisser. Verksamheten sägs, enligt UNHCR, ha pågått i flera år.

Sida finansierar genom samarbetspartners organisationer som är verksamma i lägret.

- Vi kan ännu inte se att pengar har använts på fel sätt eller försvunnit. I det här fallet handlar missförhållandena inte om förskingring av biståndsmedel, utan om ett systemfel där flyktingar utnyttjas av dem som är satta att skydda dem, säger Susanne Mikhail.

Korruption eller oegentligheter kan aldrig accepteras och Sida välkomnar att UNHCR utreder den kriminella verksamheten som bedrivits i Kakuma.

- Det kan naturligtvis inte fortsätta så här och det är bra att verksamhetens avslöjats. Vi förutsätter att UNHCR och berörda kenyanska myndigheter tar krafttag för att komma tillrätta med de mycket allvarliga problemen i Kakuma, säger Susanne Mikhail.

- Vi följer utredningen noga, vi har en dialog med UNHCR, ambassaden i Nairobi och bistår med vår expertis.

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UNHCR 17-06-06:

Jordanien/ Critical gaps spell looming destitution and despair for refugee families till sidans topp

UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, warns that without urgent additional funding, some 60,000 Syrian refugee families will be cut from monthly cash assistance programmes in Lebanon and Jordan as early as July.

Vital parts of UNHCR's response to the needs of Syrian refugees are critically underfunded. Additional contributions are urgently required to avoid dramatic and deep cuts to both basic and life-saving services to Syrian refugees in the second half of the year.

Despite generous pledges, humanitarian programmes in support of Syrian refugee and communities hosting them are quickly running out of resources. The situation is most dramatic in Lebanon and Jordan where a number of direct cash assistance activities could dry up in less than four weeks.

Syrian refugees in Lebanon - 70 per cent of whom are living under the national poverty line - say that without this lifeline, they don't know how they will manage to survive. For many, cash assistance is the only means of buying medicine for sick family members and paying off their bills and fast-accumulating debts. Refugees tell UNHCR that every month they struggle to pay their rent and face the threat of eviction.

Those who fled to Jordan face equally stark challenges. Refugees tell our staff that UNHCR monthly cash support means a meal a day, a better roof, their dignity. Now they fear losing everything. Many say would prefer to go back to Syria to die if they stop receiving this assistance. For every third family in the cash assistance programme in Jordan this is their sole source of income, making them particularly vulnerable to any cuts.

(...)

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Europarådet 17-05-30:

Schweiz/ Commissioner welcomes progress, but the most vulnerable need protection till sidans topp

"I call on the Swiss authorities to stop detaining migrant children arriving at Swiss international airports. Children, with or without their families, do not belong in detention" said today Nils Mui?nieks, the Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights, after a three-day visit (22-24 May) to Switzerland, which included a visit to the closed reception facility in the international transit zone of Zurich airport.

The Commissioner welcomes the improvements foreseen by the new asylum law, which will allow for free legal aid from the beginning of the procedure and should lead to faster and higher quality status determination procedures. However, the new law is only due to enter into force in January 2019 and in the meantime progress is needed in a number of migration-related areas. Pointing to one such area that is particularly pressing, the Commissioner notes that too many persons, including Syrians, still receive the 'F permit', a provisional admission regime which does not include many of the rights associated with refugee status. "This leaves them in a precarious situation and impedes their integration, whereas it is a known fact that most will ultimately stay." Noting that the Swiss authorities are currently reviewing this regime, he calls on them to introduce a subsidiary protection status with rights equivalent to those of refugees.

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FARR 17-06-04:

Ungern/ Överföringar till Ungern verkställs inte till sidans topp

Migrationsverket har beslutat att överföringar till Ungern enligt Dublinförordningen inte ska verkställas. Anledningen är att Ungern har gått över till att placera alla asylsökande i containerförvar utmed gränsen. UNHCR har uppmanat alla EU-länder att stoppa överföringar till Ungern. Tyskland införde omgående ett stopp. I Sverige beslutade Migrationsverket den 28 april att fortsätta fatta beslut om överföring till Ungern, men att besluten inte ska verkställas tills vidare.

Asylsökande som varit placerade i öppna boenden i Ungern grips nu och sätts i gränslägren. När planerna på containerförvar blev kända i mars, reagerade många internationella organisationer, som UNHCR, Amnesty International och Europarådet. UNHCR kom den 10 april med sin uppmaning till EU-länderna att ställa in alla överföringar till Ungern.

Till saken hör att Ungerns asylsystem redan är ifrågasatt genom att Ungern betraktar Serbien som ett säkert land. Ett stort antal asylansökningar avvisas direkt vid gränsen (fler än 19.000 bara under andra halvåret 2016), däribland många från Afghanistan, Irak och Syrien. De som släpps in får i de flesta fall ändå inte sin asylansökan prövad i sak eftersom de anses kunna återvända till Serbien. Trots denna policy tar det tid att behandla ansökningarna och förvarstagandet kan dra ut på tiden.

I slutet av mars fälldes Ungern i Europadomstolen för behandlingen av två män från Bangladesh som hållits kvar i ett av lägren vid gränsen och därefter utvisats till Serbien. Europadomstolen konstaterade att Ungerns behandling brutit mot Europakonventionen på flera sätt, både genom förvarstagandet utan tillräckliga skäl och genom den automatiska bedömningen av Serbien som säkert land. Själva förhållandena i lägret prickades inte.

(...)

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Human Rights Watch 17-06-01:

Grekland/ Pressure to minimize numbers of migrants identified as 'vulnerable' till sidans topp

People with disabilities and other at-risk groups go unidentified on the Greek islands as the European Union inappropriately presses Greek authorities and medical aid organizations to reduce the number of asylum seekers identified as "vulnerable," Human Rights Watch said today. The EU, and the Greek government, now prefer to contain all asylum seekers on the Greek islands. Before the new policy, asylum seekers identified as "vulnerable" were allowed to be transferred to the mainland to have their cases handled there.

During a visit to Greece from May 16 to 20 2017, Human Rights Watch met with representatives from the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR), the International Organization for Migration (IOM), the European Commission, the Greek Asylum Service (GAS), local and international aid and medical organizations, lawyers, volunteers, and asylum seekers. Many of those interviewed by Human Rights Watch described indirect political pressure, in the form of multiple communiqués, to reduce the number of "vulnerable" asylum seekers and other migrants trapped on Greek islands, including people with disabilities, victims of torture, and survivors of sexual and gender-based violence.

"The European Union has hit another low in its efforts to deter new refugees and minimize obligations to ones already within its borders," said Emina ?erimovi?, disability rights researcher at Human Rights Watch. "The EU should be promoting the protection of asylum seekers, including those among them who may be particularly at risk, not unjustly pressuring the Greek authorities and medical actors to overlook them."

(...)

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Se även:

Amnesty International 17-06-06: Report: Unsafe refugee camps in Greece evacuated (Extern länk)

The Greek Ombudsman 17-06-01: Migration flows and refugee protection - administrative challenges and human rights - Special Report 2017 (Extern länk)

Kathimerini 17-06-10: Airbnb to help host 35,000 refugees in houses across Greece (Extern länk)

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Asylnytt 17-06-13:

Italien/ Europadomstolen godkänner utvisning till Italien av mor och barn utan bostad till sidans topp

En kvinna flydde med sin pojkvän från Eritrea och hamnade i Italien hösten 2006. Hon inkvarterades i en asylförläggning i Crotone. Efter två månader beviljades hon flyktingstatus och fick inte stanna på förläggningen. Kvinnan och pojkvännen tog sig till Rom men hittade ingenstans att bo, annat än i ett ockuperat hus. Pojkvännen lämnade kvinnan sedan hon blivit gravid. Hon sökte asyl i Schweiz, där sonen föddes sommaren 2009. Efter några månader utvisades de till Italien där kvinnan fortfarande inte hittade någonstans att bo. Hon gjorde ett försök till i Norge med samma resultat. Tillbaka i Italien uppmanades kvinnan att återvända till Crotone, men därifrån hänvisades hon till Rom, där hon och barnet till slut levde på gatan. Hon tog sig till Schweiz igen - och fick avslag igen. Italien har skyldighet att stötta flyktingar på samma villkor som egna medborgare, enligt den scweiziska domstolen. Dessutom kunde kvinnan sökt hjälp t.ex. av Caritas. En schweiziskt NGO skrev till organisationer i Italien, men ingen av dem hade plats. Däremot fanns risk för omhändertagande av barnet. Kvinnan hävdar att de riskerar kränkande behandling i Italien. Men Europadomstolen har förtroende för att om Schweiz informerar Italien så kommer Italien inom sitt generella system för socialhjälp att ta hand om mamman och sonen. Därför avvisas klagomålet av Europadomstolen.

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Arkiveringsdatum 170530:

AIDA 17-05-18:

Europa/ AIDA Comparator 2016 Update till sidans topp

The AIDA Comparator has now been updated with the information provided in the 2016 Update of the Country Reports. Reflecting the addition of the chapter on content of protection in the Country Reports, this new section has been added to the topics discussed in the Comparator. The Comparator allows users to compare legal frameworks and practice between the countries covered by the database in relation to the core themes covered: asylum procedure, reception, detention and content of protection. The different sections of the Comparator define key concepts of the EU asylum acquis and outline their implementation in practice.

Access to the comparator (Extern länk)

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FRA 17-05-18:

Italien/ Fundamental rights support to Italian authorities in migration hotspots till sidans topp

The Agency held a fundamental rights workshop for hotspots operators in Taranto on 11 May in cooperation with the Italian Ministry of Interior, the European Commission migrants support team in Italy and in partnership with the UNHCR and International Organization for Migration.

The workshop sought to share expertise and best practices among staff working in the hotspots. They looked at fundamental rights issues connected to the identification, treatment and referral of vulnerable migrants and asylum seekers, including unaccompanied children as well as age assessment of children. The workshop addressed very practical and real life scenarios in order to streamline the implementation of the standard operating procedures in a fundamental rights compliant manner.

A list of suggestions was compiled from the workshop for follow up discussions in Rome. The workshop brought together representatives from the Ministry of Interior, authorities in various Italian hotspots, European Commission migrants support team in Italy, EU Agencies such as Frontex, EASO and Europol, the UN, as well as NGOs, local health authorities, social assistants and cultural mediators.

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Arkiveringsdatum 170515:

AIDA 17-05-05:

Turkiet/ 2016 asylum statistics in DGMM annual report till sidans topp

The Turkish Directorate-General of Migration Management (DGMM) has published its Annual Migration Report for 2016, which provides information inter alia on its international protection procedure established by the Law on Foreigners and International Protection (LFIP) and on its temporary protection regime for persons fleeing Syria.

International protection

Due to its relatively recent establishment, the DGMM has not published detailed information on the operation of the Turkish international protection system in previous years. As explained in the AIDA Country Report Turkey of December 2015, Provincial DGMM Directorates had only issued a modest number of status decisions in 2015, whether positive or negative, given that their resources were primarily focused on the registration of applications.

The DGMM has made available more comprehensive figures concerning its work in 2016. Throughout the course of the year, the DGMM has registered a total 66,167 applications for international protection, marking a slight increase from 64,232 applications in 2015. The main nationalities of international protection applicants in Turkey were:

Beyond the claims registered by DGMM, it should be borne in mind that a significant number of asylum seekers continue to approach and register with UNHCR Turkey, which has not ceased its Mandate Refugee Status Determination (RSD) in Turkey. More than 33,000 persons have registered as asylum seekers with UNHCR Turkey in 2016, mainly originating from Iraq, Afghanistan and Iran.

(...)

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Amnesty 17-05-14:

Papua/ Uppgifter från migrationsdepartementet motbevisade av Amnesty till sidans topp

Digital verifiering av bilder och videofilmer slår fast att skott avlossades rakt in i flyktingcentret på ön Manus den 14 april 2017, vilket försatte flyktingar och asylsökande i livsfara, det visar en ny rapport från Amnesty International.

Efter den aktuella händelsen har den australienska migration- och gränsskyddsdepartementet och polisen på Papua Nya Guinea påstått att de soldater som varit inblandade i händelsen endast avlossat skott i luften. Amnesty Internationals rapport, In the Firing Line, motsäger dock helt dessa påståenden.

- Vår utredning visar att det inte finns någon tvekan om att kulor inte bara sköts i luften den 14 april 2017, utan att kulor sköts rakt in i Manus flyktingcenter på ett sätt som allvarligt riskerade livet för människorna därinne, säger Kate Schuetze, researcher vid Amnesty International.

- Det här var inte en isolerad händelse. Flyktingar som är instängda på ön Manus har utsatts för flera våldsamma attacker tidigare. Attackerna är ett direkt resultat av ett grymt system som har skapats av regeringen i Australien. Tills det systemet är avvecklat och flyktingarna satta i trygghet kommer derassäkerhet fortfarande vara hotad.

Amnesty International kräver att det snabbt tillsätts en oberoende, opartisk och effektiv utredning kring vad som hände den 14 april 2017. En månad efter händelsen har den australienska regeringen fortfarande inte genomfört någon utredning, utfärdat något formellt uttalande eller släppt övervakningsfoton från skottlossningen - så att dessa kan verifieras och analyseras av en oberoende part.

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Amnesty 17-05-14:

Australien/ Uppgifter från migrationsdepartementet motbevisade av Amnesty till sidans topp

Digital verifiering av bilder och videofilmer slår fast att skott avlossades rakt in i flyktingcentret på ön Manus den 14 april 2017, vilket försatte flyktingar och asylsökande i livsfara, det visar en ny rapport från Amnesty International.

Efter den aktuella händelsen har den australienska migration- och gränsskyddsdepartementet och polisen på Papua Nya Guinea påstått att de soldater som varit inblandade i händelsen endast avlossat skott i luften. Amnesty Internationals rapport, In the Firing Line, motsäger dock helt dessa påståenden.

- Vår utredning visar att det inte finns någon tvekan om att kulor inte bara sköts i luften den 14 april 2017, utan att kulor sköts rakt in i Manus flyktingcenter på ett sätt som allvarligt riskerade livet för människorna därinne, säger Kate Schuetze, researcher vid Amnesty International.

- Det här var inte en isolerad händelse. Flyktingar som är instängda på ön Manus har utsatts för flera våldsamma attacker tidigare. Attackerna är ett direkt resultat av ett grymt system som har skapats av regeringen i Australien. Tills det systemet är avvecklat och flyktingarna satta i trygghet kommer derassäkerhet fortfarande vara hotad.

Amnesty International kräver att det snabbt tillsätts en oberoende, opartisk och effektiv utredning kring vad som hände den 14 april 2017. En månad efter händelsen har den australienska regeringen fortfarande inte genomfört någon utredning, utfärdat något formellt uttalande eller släppt övervakningsfoton från skottlossningen - så att dessa kan verifieras och analyseras av en oberoende part.

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AIDA 17-05-04:

Ungern/ Denmark refugee appeals board suspends transfers to Hungary till sidans topp

The Danish Refugee Appeals Board issued a decision yesterday concerning the suspension of transfers to Hungary under the Dublin Regulation in four cases.

The Refugee Appeals Board relied on recent information documenting the risk of arbitrary detention and refoulement to Serbia facing asylum seekers in Hungary following the latest asylum reform entering into force on 28 March 2017, as well as the Ilias and Ahmed v. Hungary ruling of the European Court of Human Rights and UNHCR's call for the suspension of transfers to Hungary.

On that basis, it found that asylum seekers returned to Hungary would be detained in the transit zones contrary to the right to liberty and the requirements of the recast Reception Conditions Directive, and would not have access to an asylum procedure with the necessary protection against refoulement. It concluded that there are systemic deficiencies in the asylum procedure and reception conditions of the Hungarian system, warranting a suspension of the Dublin transfers.

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Europarådet 17-05-04:

Grekland/ Commissioner concerned about ill-treatment by law enforcement officials till sidans topp

Commissioner published a letter he addressed to the Greek government expressing concern about new reports of ill-treatment by Greek police officers. He stresses that these are well-documented and very serious cases illustrating the long-standing and systemic problem of excessive use of violence in law enforcement, which requires determined and systematic action by Greece. Noting with interest the adoption last December of a law establishing a national mechanism for investigating incidents of arbitrariness in security forces and in detention facilities, the Commissioner calls for the adoption also of preventive measures, such as systematic, initial and ongoing, training of all law enforcement officials, prosecutors and judges.

In addition, the Commissioner invites the Greek government to ensure that the definition of torture contained in the criminal code is fully aligned with that contained in the Convention against Torture. He also calls on the authorities to review existing legislation in order to ensure that adequate and dissuasive penalties are always imposed by courts and fully executed in all cases of ill-treatment by law enforcement agents.

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Human Rights Watch 17-04-28:

Spanien/ LGBT asylum seekers abused in North African enclave till sidans topp

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) asylum seekers in Spain's North African enclave, Ceuta, are exposed to harassment and abuse, Human Rights Watch said today. Spanish authorities should transfer them to mainland Spain without delay and halt its de facto policy of blocking most asylum seeker transfers to the mainland.

"LGBT asylum seekers who fled homophobic harassment and intimidation at home face similar abuse in Ceuta, both at the immigration center and on the street," said Judith Sunderland, associate Europe and Central Asia director at Human Rights Watch. "Spain should transfer them to reception centers on the mainland, where they can get the services and support they are entitled to."

All migrants who enter Ceuta irregularly are housed in the Temporary Stay Center for Immigrants (Centro de Estancia Temporal de Inmigrantes, CETI), under the authority of the Employment and Social Security Ministry. The facility, designed for short-term stays and with a capacity of 512 people, is often overcrowded. Despite staff efforts, asylum seekers cannot get the care and services there to which they have the right under Spanish law.

When Human Rights Watch visited on March 28 and 29, 2017, the center held 943 residents, many living in large tents set up on what should be a basketball court inside the compound, with others sleeping in rooms that should be used for classes or group activities. While the center is open, and migrants may come and go, they are not allowed to leave Ceuta, an enclave of only 18.5 square kilometers.

According to center staff, currently 70 to 80 asylum seekers are in the Ceuta center, of whom at least 10 have filed for asylum on the grounds of discrimination based on their sexual orientation or gender identity.

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 170504:

FRA 17-04-21:

Europa/ Migrant child protection still a grave concern till sidans topp

The treatment of asylum-seeking and migrant children continues to be worrying in many parts of Europe. This is one of the main concerns from the latest summary report of the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) on migration-related fundamental rights in selected EU Member States which points to inadequate living conditions and support leading to ill-heath.

The Agency's latest summary identifies pressing fundamental rights issues that need addressing in various EU Member States. Some of the main findings include:

1. Asylum-seeking and migrant children continue to suffer in many countries. Unaccompanied children often receive little support and can be housed with adults they do not know. Their health and wellbeing can also deteriorate, resulting in suicide attempts, as they approach adulthood or face moving to other parts of the country or being returned following failed asylum claims. Methods for assessing age, where, for example the Swedish Migration Agency found 60% of all cases to be insufficiently investigated, pose problems for children in many cases. In addition, not enough guardians, staff lacking the skills or time to deal with migrant children, and too few places in adequate and secure facilities, all compound the difficulties children face.

2. The pattern of new arrivals is changing with numbers rising in Greece but particularly in Italy, and dropping significantly in Hungary, where a smart fence with speakers warns against irregular crossing in different languages. In Spain, the use of small boats to arrive grew by 62% in the first three months of 2017 compared to the same period in 2016.

3. Asylum patterns are also changing with applications rising in Italy and falling in Germany and Hungary. In Hungary, the transit zone policy has left some 8,000 people waiting in Serbia to enter and only 5 people per working day are being admitted to each of the two transit zones.

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 170424:

UNHCR 17-04-10:

Ungern/ UNHCR urges suspension of transfers of asylum-seekers under Dublin till sidans topp

UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, today called for a temporary suspension of all transfers of asylum-seekers to Hungary from other European States under the Dublin Regulation. The Dublin regulation is an EU instrument that determines which European State is responsible for examining an asylum seeker's application.

"The situation for asylum-seekers in Hungary, which was already of deep concern to UNHCR, has only gotten worse since the new law introducing mandatory detention for asylum-seekers came into effect," said Filippo Grandi, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.

"Given the worsening situation of asylum-seekers in Hungary, I urge States to suspend any Dublin transfer of asylum-seekers to this country until the Hungarian authorities bring their practices and policies in line with European and international law," he added.

The High Commissioner said that he was "encouraged" by the decision taken by the European Commission to work with the Hungarian authorities with a view to bringing the new legislation and Hungary's practice in line with EU law, but noted that "urgent measures are needed to improve access to asylum in Hungary."

UNHCR has repeatedly raised its concerns over the situation of refugees and asylum-seekers arriving to Hungary with the authorities and the EU, stressing that physical barriers and restrictive policies have resulted in effectively denying access to territory and asylum.

Hungary's "emergency measures" under the amended law on asylum expand mandatory detention of asylum seekers and lead to the expulsion from the country of anyone who enters the country irregularly, in violation of the country's obligations under international law.

(...)

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TT / Dagens Nyheter 17-04-10: Skicka inga asylsökande till Ungern (Extern länk)

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ECRE 17-04-14:

Ungern/ Germany follows UNHCR call for suspension of Dublin transfers to Hungary till sidans topp

UNHCR urged states to suspend Dublin transfers to Hungary. The next day the German Ministry of Interior ordered that Dublin transfers can only be carried out if asylum seekers are guaranteed EU reception and asylum procedure standards.

The German request for guarantees is seen as a de facto transfer stop by Karl Kopp from ProAsyl. Kopp, called for the EU to take action against the recently implemented restrictive policies by the authoritarian Hungarian government and start an infringement procedure against the country, which could lead to the suspension its voting rights in the European Council. Both the European Commission and the European People Party, which the current Hungarian governing party is part of, have issued concerns as well and hinted towards possible sanctions.

UNHCR highlighted the worsening conditions for asylum seekers, due to the the recently introduced mandatory detention and the high risk of refoulement and the excessive use of violence against people crossing the border into Hungary, including by State agents and calls for investigations on allegations of abuse and violence.

"The situation for asylum-seekers in Hungary, which was already of deep concern to UNHCR, has only gotten worse since the new law introducing mandatory detention for asylum-seekers came into effect," said Filippo Grandi, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.

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ECRE 17-04-19:

Grekland/ New report from Greek ECRE member: Asylum Seekers on Hold till sidans topp

AITIMA, one of ECRE's Greek members have released the report 'Asylum Seekers on Hold - Aspects of the Asylum procedure in Greece. The report expresses concerns regarding the impact of the implementation of the EU-Turkey Statement on the asylum procedures in the Greek islands as well as other long-standing deficiencies of the Greek Asylum System

"Our findings must be seen in the context of the increased influx of asylum seekers between 2015 and 2016, not fully compensated by the increase of the capacity of the Asylum Service in terms of staff and Regional Offices and the implications of the EU-Turkey deal de facto cutting the reception system in half by separating the islands from the mainland. However, the deficiencies in the asylum procedure in Greece are evident and serious," says Spyros Rizakos, Director of AITIMA.

/Utdrag ur Summary:/

+ The stranding of the asylum seekers on the islands is based on a highly controversial restriction of residence, which has by now exceeded one year in duration and has created toxic situations that threaten the cohesion of the local communities as well. However, not only are the competent authorities not showing any intention of revising this policy, but they have already:

+ started implementing policies which are going to transform the stranding on the islands into a confinement in detention centers, until the goal of readmission to - the safe, as they claim - Turkey is reached

+ announced - together with the European Commission - the Joint Action Plan, according to which they are going to include in the readmission procedure the only groups of asylum seekers that had been excluded until now, ie. the vulnerable persons and those entitled to the family reunification process

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Arkiveringsdatum 170410:

Terres des Hommes 17-04-07:

Östeuropa/ EU and Balkan countries stranding children in dangerous limbo till sidans topp

Unaccompanied, separated children trapped in the Balkans are being placed in extreme danger of exploitation, violence and trafficking due to unfit border policies and inadequate and overstretched child protection systems, a new report has found.

Around 1,300 children, some as young as nine, who are travelling without a parent or guardian are at risk of being forced into the arms of people smugglers due to national governments failing to recognise or act upon their vulnerable status. This could lead to people traffickers making them work to fund parts of their journey, and leaves them wide open to exploitation.

Authorities are also failing to provide suitable accommodation for vulnerable children, who can end up living in parks or abandoned warehouses, or swept into detention centres alongside adults they don't know. Even housing provided by regional governments is not of the required standard, being frequently overcrowded and failing to provide segregated facilities for children older than 14.

Children travelling alone also face an increased threat of violence. They face abuse at the hands of both smugglers and border guards, with a child from Afghanistan telling how he was hospitalised for weeks after being attacked by police dogs when trying to enter Hungary.

Governments in the Balkans are failing to provide the quality care and assistance lone child refugees desperately need. Legal guardians assigned to represent vulnerable children are frequently overworked, undertrained, not properly vetted and lack the resources and ability to effectively care for and legally represent the child.

As a result of this, unaccompanied children often report that they do not have access to the information they need, or are unaware of the legal options available to them - leading them to believe their only choice is to travel below the radar.

(...)

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ECRE 17-03-31:

Ungern/ Legal note: Asylum in Hungary damaged beyond repair? till sidans topp

A legal note published today provides a succinct analysis of the most problematic aspects of the Hungarian asylum system and legal framework, and the most egregious human rights violations asylum seekers currently face in the country, including at its external border with Serbia.

It concludes that Hungary's legal framework, including alarming recent changes, puts rights at risk due to (1) the lack of access to asylum procedure (2) the application of "safe third country" concept to dublin returnees (3) the expansion of summary returns policy (4) inadequate reception conditions and automatic use of detention, and (5) increased risks of destitution.

Therefore, ECRE calls on all States not to transfer applicants for and beneficiaries of international protection to Hungary under the Dublin Regulation or any bilateral arrangements, and to assume responsibility themselves for the examination of these asylum claims.

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UNHCR 17-03-27:

Grekland/ Stronger cooperation crucial to ensure sustainable refugee response till sidans topp

UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, said today that joint efforts and strengthened cooperation are crucial to improving the situation for asylum-seekers and refugees in Greece and issued eight recommendations* to help ensure a sustainable refugee response in the country.

"UNHCR is fully engaged in finding lasting solutions in Greece together with the responsible authorities and the European Union. I very much hope that the coming months will pave the way for further improvement," said Filippo Grandi, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.

"The situation in Greece can be managed. It requires moving from the current emergency response to a sustainable system, where asylum-seekers and refugees access the adequate care, support and solution they need," he added. "But to achieve this, firm commitment is needed on all sides."

Improving reception conditions is a priority. This would require as agreed with the Greek Government providing more accommodation opportunities in urban areas such as additional apartments, the upgrade of some government-run refugee sites, and ensuring that all unsuitable sites are quickly closed.

Progress in reception conditions will also help prevent and fight sexual and gender-based violence, to which many vulnerable asylum-seekers, including women and children, are exposed in the sites. UNHCR continues to support the establishment of proper identification, referral and support systems for victims, including legal, medical and psychosocial care and safe houses.

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 170330:

AIDA 17-03-29:

Kroatien/ AIDA Updates Greece, Germany, Ireland, Croatia, Netherlands and Cyprus till sidans topp

+ The updated Country Report on Croatia documents the transformation of the Croatian asylum system following the closure of the Western Balkan route and the exponential rise in the number of asylum seekers entering Croatia compared to previous years.

Kroatien (Extern länk)

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AIDA 17-03-29:

Grekland/ AIDA Updates Greece, Germany, Ireland, Croatia, Netherlands and Cyprus till sidans topp

+ The updated country report on Greece provides a thorough analysis of the transformation of the Greek asylum system in the light of the closure of the Western Balkan route and the EU-Turkey statement.

Grekland (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 170309:

Unicef 17-02-28:

Libyen/ Barnens farliga resa till sidans topp

UNICEF släpper idag en rapport om situationen för barn i Libyen och den farliga flyktvägen längs den så kallade centraleuropeiska rutten. Rapporten visar på de extrema risker som framför allt barn och kvinnor utsätts för. Barn på flykt utsätts för sexuella övergrepp, exploatering och utnyttjande.

UNICEF i Libyen har genomfört intervjuer med barn som befinner sig i landet som flyktingar eller migranter. Deras berättelser vittnar om odrägliga saker de utsatts för. Våld, trakasserier, övergrepp, trafficking, sexuella övergrepp och tvångsarbete är några exempel. 75 procent av barnen berättar att de utsatts för våld och övergrepp från vuxna någon gång under resan. 50 procent att de har utsatts för sexuella övergrepp, som ofta skett vid upprepade tillfällen och vid olika tidpunkter. Vissa barn har till exempel tvingats utföra sexuella tjänster för att korsa gränsen in till Libyen. Många av barnen är ensamma och är då ännu mer utsatta.

- Min resa från Nigeria till Libyen var fruktansvärd. Genom öknen utan mat eller vatten. Mannen som satt bredvid mig dog. Nu har jag varit i det här ungdomsfängelset i Libyen i sju månader. De slår oss, de ger oss ingen bra mat eller rent vatten, de trakasserar oss. Det är så många människor som dör här, från sjukdomar eller fryser ihjäl.

Det här är fjortonårige Jons berättelse om sin flykt från Nigeria. Han kom ensam till Libyen och befinner sig nu i förvar där.

Barn sätter sina liv i händerna på människosmugglare

Antalet människor som flyr från Libyen till Italien ökar kraftigt. Den centraleuropeiska rutten anses vara den farligaste rutten för kvinnor och barn som befinner sig på flykt. Den styrs av människosmugglare och människohandlare. Brist på säkra lagliga vägar gör att de inte har några alternativ. Barn sätter istället sina liv i händerna på människosmugglare som utnyttjar deras utsatthet.

(...)

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AIDA 17-03-02:

Europa/ AIDA 2016 Update: Italy, Malta, Spain & Poland till sidans topp

"As illustrated in the country reports on Hungary and Bulgaria, the Eastern border Member States of the European Union have become trendsetters in disturbingly 'creative' measures disregarding the fundamental rights of those seeking protection. Europe's Southern borders are also a laboratory for deflection policies, with the 'hotspot' transformation of Italy's asylum system raising grave concerns," says Minos Mouzourakis, AIDA Coordinator at ECRE.

Italy

Reception conditions remain the central challenge facing the Italian asylum system. Over 75% of the refugee and migrant population were hosted in temporary reception centres (CAS), where conditions present serious concerns and generally remain unsuitable for longer-term stay.

(...)

Malta

On the basis of an agreement leading almost all persons rescued by Maltese Armed Forces or on Maltese waters to be disembarked in Italy, Malta has overhauled its reception system away from a previous policy of systematic detention.

(...)

Poland

In 2016 access to the procedure remained a major problem in Poland. Reports say that, in spite of clearly formulated asylum requests invoking persecution in the country of origin, asylum seekers are refused the right to lodge an application and enter Poland.

Country reports on Italy, Malta & Spain (Extern länk)

Country report on Poland (Extern länk)

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AIDA 17-03-02:

Storbritannien/ AIDA 2016 Update: United Kingdom till sidans topp

The updated Country Report on the United Kingdom tracks recent developments in practice and case law governing asylum procedures, reception conditions, detention of asylum seekers and integration of beneficiaries of protection.

In the aftermath of a report by the Office of the Children's Commissioner for England and a judgment of the Court of Appeal, the authorities issued a new policy guidance in July 2016 on the treatment of unaccompanied children. At the screening stage, where a person appears to an immigration officer or the Home Office caseworker to be under 18, policy guidance is that they are to be treated as a child. In case of doubt, the person should be treated as if are under 18 until there is sufficient evidence to the contrary. Where their appearance strongly suggests to the officer that they are significantly over 18, a second opinion must be sought from a senior officer. If they agree that the person is over 18, the asylum seeker is treated as an adult. In this case, an age assessment can be triggered by the young person or any third party referring to the local authority. However, the result of immediate treatment as an adult while this process is ongoing means that people who are in fact under 18 may be detained. New guidelines were also issued on family tracing. In addition to this, a new transfer scheme was introduced to share responsibility for the care of unaccompanied children across a greater number of local authorities. Although the Immigration Act 2016 allows for the scheme to be mandatory, it remains a voluntary process at the time of writing.

The Immigration Act 2016 has introduced an obligation on the Home Office to issue guidance on the detention of vulnerable groups. Following a January 2016 report on the review of detention policy with regard to vulnerable groups ("Shaw review") and calls to end the detention of pregnant women, the Immigration Act 2016 introduced a time limit for the detention of pregnant women and children. The Home Office published specific guidance concerning the detention of pregnant women in July 2016.

(...)

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AIDA 17-03-02:

Polen/ AIDA 2016 Update: Italy, Malta, Spain & Poland till sidans topp

"As illustrated in the country reports on Hungary and Bulgaria, the Eastern border Member States of the European Union have become trendsetters in disturbingly 'creative' measures disregarding the fundamental rights of those seeking protection. Europe's Southern borders are also a laboratory for deflection policies, with the 'hotspot' transformation of Italy's asylum system raising grave concerns," says Minos Mouzourakis, AIDA Coordinator at ECRE.

Italy

Reception conditions remain the central challenge facing the Italian asylum system. Over 75% of the refugee and migrant population were hosted in temporary reception centres (CAS), where conditions present serious concerns and generally remain unsuitable for longer-term stay.

(...)

Malta

On the basis of an agreement leading almost all persons rescued by Maltese Armed Forces or on Maltese waters to be disembarked in Italy, Malta has overhauled its reception system away from a previous policy of systematic detention.

(...)

Poland

In 2016 access to the procedure remained a major problem in Poland. Reports say that, in spite of clearly formulated asylum requests invoking persecution in the country of origin, asylum seekers are refused the right to lodge an application and enter Poland.

Country reports on Italy, Malta & Spain (Extern länk)

Country report on Poland (Extern länk)

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EU-kommissionen 17-03-03:

Grekland/ EU support helps 2,500 refugee and migrant children attend Greek schools till sidans topp

The European Commission has funded a special education programme that has helped 2,500 refugee and migrant children get back to school in Greece. The project is carried out by the International Organization for Migration (IOM), which receives funding from the EU's Emergency Support Instrument. "Giving refugee children an education is one of our priorities with our EU support in Greece. Thousands of children are being given a chance for a better future. The European Commission is committed to working in close collaboration with the Greek authorities and humanitarian organisations to continue to improve the conditions of refugees and migrants in the country," said Christos Stylianides, Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management.

Following the adoption of a new legal framework by the Greek Parliament in August 2016, access to education for refugee children of school-going age has improved significantly. Through the IOM project, the Commission is helping the Greek authorities by co-financing the transport of children to schools and the distribution of school kits with a total of €2.8 million in EU Emergency Support. This comes on top of other support to informal education activities to over 9,000 refugee children in Greece. The total amount of overall EU support for managing migration in Greece currently stands at over €1 billion.

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AIDA 17-03-02:

Italien/ AIDA 2016 Update: Italy, Malta, Spain & Poland till sidans topp

"As illustrated in the country reports on Hungary and Bulgaria, the Eastern border Member States of the European Union have become trendsetters in disturbingly 'creative' measures disregarding the fundamental rights of those seeking protection. Europe's Southern borders are also a laboratory for deflection policies, with the 'hotspot' transformation of Italy's asylum system raising grave concerns," says Minos Mouzourakis, AIDA Coordinator at ECRE.

Italy

Reception conditions remain the central challenge facing the Italian asylum system. Over 75% of the refugee and migrant population were hosted in temporary reception centres (CAS), where conditions present serious concerns and generally remain unsuitable for longer-term stay.

(...)

Malta

On the basis of an agreement leading almost all persons rescued by Maltese Armed Forces or on Maltese waters to be disembarked in Italy, Malta has overhauled its reception system away from a previous policy of systematic detention.

(...)

Poland

In 2016 access to the procedure remained a major problem in Poland. Reports say that, in spite of clearly formulated asylum requests invoking persecution in the country of origin, asylum seekers are refused the right to lodge an application and enter Poland.

Country reports on Italy, Malta & Spain (Extern länk)

Country report on Poland (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

AIDA 17-03-02:

Malta/ AIDA 2016 Update: Italy, Malta, Spain & Poland till sidans topp

"As illustrated in the country reports on Hungary and Bulgaria, the Eastern border Member States of the European Union have become trendsetters in disturbingly 'creative' measures disregarding the fundamental rights of those seeking protection. Europe's Southern borders are also a laboratory for deflection policies, with the 'hotspot' transformation of Italy's asylum system raising grave concerns," says Minos Mouzourakis, AIDA Coordinator at ECRE.

Italy

Reception conditions remain the central challenge facing the Italian asylum system. Over 75% of the refugee and migrant population were hosted in temporary reception centres (CAS), where conditions present serious concerns and generally remain unsuitable for longer-term stay.

(...)

Malta

On the basis of an agreement leading almost all persons rescued by Maltese Armed Forces or on Maltese waters to be disembarked in Italy, Malta has overhauled its reception system away from a previous policy of systematic detention.

(...)

Poland

In 2016 access to the procedure remained a major problem in Poland. Reports say that, in spite of clearly formulated asylum requests invoking persecution in the country of origin, asylum seekers are refused the right to lodge an application and enter Poland.

Country reports on Italy, Malta & Spain (Extern länk)

Country report on Poland (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

AIDA 17-03-02:

Spanien/ AIDA 2016 Update: Italy, Malta, Spain & Poland till sidans topp

"As illustrated in the country reports on Hungary and Bulgaria, the Eastern border Member States of the European Union have become trendsetters in disturbingly 'creative' measures disregarding the fundamental rights of those seeking protection. Europe's Southern borders are also a laboratory for deflection policies, with the 'hotspot' transformation of Italy's asylum system raising grave concerns," says Minos Mouzourakis, AIDA Coordinator at ECRE.

Italy

Reception conditions remain the central challenge facing the Italian asylum system. Over 75% of the refugee and migrant population were hosted in temporary reception centres (CAS), where conditions present serious concerns and generally remain unsuitable for longer-term stay.

(...)

Malta

On the basis of an agreement leading almost all persons rescued by Maltese Armed Forces or on Maltese waters to be disembarked in Italy, Malta has overhauled its reception system away from a previous policy of systematic detention.

(...)

Poland

In 2016 access to the procedure remained a major problem in Poland. Reports say that, in spite of clearly formulated asylum requests invoking persecution in the country of origin, asylum seekers are refused the right to lodge an application and enter Poland.

Country reports on Italy, Malta & Spain (Extern länk)

Country report on Poland (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 170224:

Europarådets parlament 17-01-26:

Libanon/ Call for more solidarity to deal with an 'unsustainable' refugee crisis till sidans topp

"The refugee crisis is becoming unsustainable for Lebanon. Greater solidarity is needed," PACE said today. It added that the international community should step up "as a matter of urgency, its contribution to support and assist the refugees presently in Lebanon". States should, on the one hand, increase their financial support for the humanitarian response on the spot and, on the other hand, increase resettlement possibilities for those refugees who so wished.

In adopting a resolution on the situation in Lebanon, based on the report by Tobias Zech (Germany, EPP/CD), the parliamentarians said that over the last five years the situation of refugees has worsened and today Lebanon hosts an estimated 1.5 million Syrian refugees. "This number adds to the many refugees were already there making Lebanon the country with the highest number of refugees per capita in the world".

The adopted text also underlines the fact that, although surrounded by conflicts, "the oldest democracy in the Middle East" is a good example of peaceful co-existence and "should be supported in continuing to do so".

The Assembly welcomed the formation of a national unity government on 18 December 2016, headed by Prime Minister Saad Hariri. The Assembly sees this development, together with the election of President Aoun, as a vital step for the stability of Lebanon.

"However, it does not guarantee that the country's other problems will be solved", the Assembly said. The parliamentarians wish to see further political reconciliation, especially in line with the upcoming general elections scheduled to take place before 22 June 2017.

The Assembly said it would like to see the PACE "develop relations with the Lebanese Parliament, first by inviting Lebanese parliamentarians to follow its the work and then by "encouraging the Lebanese Parliament to consider applying for Partnership for Democracy status with the Assembly".

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AIDA 17-02-22:

Europa/ AIDA 2016 updates on Belgium, Austria, France and Switzerland till sidans topp

The updated Country Report on Belgium contains information on recent developments in case law and policy related to asylum procedures, reception conditions, detention of asylum seekers and integration of beneficiaries of international protection.

The Updated Country Report on Austria documents the rapid evolution of the asylum system in the aftermath of successive legislative reforms and prospective amendments.

The updated Country Report on France provides a thorough overview of developments in legislation, policy and practice in relation to the asylum procedure, reception conditions, detention of asylum seekers and integration of beneficiaries of international protection.

The updated Country Report on Switzerland tracks recent developments in practice and case law governing asylum procedures, reception conditions, detention of asylum seekers and integration of beneficiaries of protection.

Belgium (Extern länk)

Austria (Extern länk)

France (Extern länk)

Switzerland (Extern länk)

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AIDA 17-02-22:

Frankrike/ AIDA 2016 updates till sidans topp

The updated Country Report on France provides a thorough overview of developments in legislation, policy and practice in relation to the asylum procedure, reception conditions, detention of asylum seekers and integration of beneficiaries of international protection.

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AIDA 17-02-22:

Belgien/ AIDA 2016 updates till sidans topp

The updated Country Report on Belgium contains information on recent developments in case law and policy related to asylum procedures, reception conditions, detention of asylum seekers and integration of beneficiaries of international protection.

Read report (Extern länk)

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AIDA 17-02-22:

Schweiz/ AIDA 2016 updates till sidans topp

The updated Country Report on Switzerland tracks recent developments in practice and case law governing asylum procedures, reception conditions, detention of asylum seekers and integration of beneficiaries of protection.

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EU-kommissionen17-02-06:

Grekland/ Commission awards €3.9 million to help improve reception conditions till sidans topp

The European Commission has awarded an additional €3.9 million in emergency funding to Greece under the Internal Security Fund (ISF) to help improve reception conditions for migrants on the Greek islands. This is to further support EU financed actions carried out by the Ministry of Defence to provide catering, accommodation and transportation to the migrants on the islands, also in support of emergency accommodation solutions, such as temporary accommodation in ships. With this award, the overall amount of emergency assistance from the Home Affairs Funds made available for Greece since 2015 amounts to €356.8 million. This emergency funding comes on top of the €509 million allocated to Greece under the national programmes for 2014-2020. In total, the Commission has made available over €1 billion in support for Greece since 2015 to support the country with migration and border management.

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EU-kommissionen 17-02-06:

Bulgarien/ Commission awards €6.1 million to support migration management till sidans topp

The European Commission has awarded an additional €6.1 million in emergency funding to support migration management in Bulgaria. €3.6 million will be provided to the International Organisation for Migration (IOM) from the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund (AMIF) to enhance the protection of unaccompanied children, carry out voluntary returns and provide reintegration support as well as assistance, information and counselling to migrants. An additional €2,5 million will be provided to IOM to complement the actions already implemented by the Bulgarian Ministry of Interior in order to improve migration management and the Bulgarian asylum system. The award decisions complement the EU funding granted to Bulgaria since October 2016, which amounted to a total of €149 million under AMIF and the Internal Security Fund (ISF). The emergency funding comes on top of the €91 million already allocated to Bulgaria under the national programmes for 2014-2020.

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ECRE 17-02-17:

Italien/ Italy curtails appeal rights and expands rebranded detention centres till sidans topp

On 10 February, the Italian Council of Ministers adopted a law that foresees the acceleration of asylum procedures and returns, following heavily criticised plans set out in the second half of 2016. The Decree Law is only provisionally binding until it is voted on in the Parliament.

The new law creates specialised immigration chambers to hear asylum appeals. These chambers are established in 14 courts (Bari, Bologna, Brescia, Cagliari, Catania, Catanzaro, Florence, Lecce, Milan, Palermo, Rome, Naples, Torino and Venice), and are competent to decide on asylum appeal cases under a single judge. The reform also limits the possibility to be heard in such appeals: asylum appeal procedures are to be accelerated, as a decision by the specialised chamber must be taken within four months instead of six, and the decision can no longer be appealed to the Court of Appeal.

In regard to return, Identification and Expulsion Centres (Centri di identificazione ed espulsione, CIE) are renamed Return Detention Centres (Centri di permanenza per il rimpatrio, CPR). While currently only four CIE are operational in Italy, the new closed detention centres will be rolled out across the Italian territory. The location of the new CPR is to be decided in consultation with the Presidents of the Regions concerned, on the basis of "easily accessible" sites and structures. By "easily accessible" the government is said to envisage small-scale CPR, hosting up to 80 to 100, which will be located close to airports or highways so as to facilitate returns.

"We are very skeptical about the possibility that the text of the law will be approved by the Parliament. It will be clearly an unconstitutional law, among others because it abolishes one of the three levels of proceedings," told Dario Bellucio, lawyer and member of ASGI (Association for Juridical Studies on Immigration) ECRE.

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Arkiveringsdatum 170214:

IOM 16-02- 10:

Libyen/ UN chiefs call for international solidarity to address migrant and refugee flows till sidans topp

The Director General of the International Organization for Migration William Lacy Swing, the UN High Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grandi, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra'ad Al Hussein and the Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General for Libya Martin Kobler met today in Geneva to underscore the need for a comprehensive approach to address the situation of migrants and refugees in Libya as well as to assist the hundreds of thousands of Libyans displaced and impacted by the crisis.

Along with many Libyans, migrants and refugees are heavily impacted by ongoing conflicts and the breakdown in law and order in Libya. Untold numbers of migrants and refugees, particularly those smuggled or trafficked into Libya and those in detention, are subjected to grave human rights abuses and violations.

Migrants and refugees in detention are held outside of any legal process and in conditions which are generally inhuman. They are exposed to malnutrition, extortion, torture, sexual violence and other abuses.

The four Principals stress the need for close cooperation at the regional and international level, and the need to look at the drivers of migrant and refugee flows while simultaneously improving regular pathways.

The four welcome in this respect initiatives aimed at enhancing the protection of the human rights of migrants and refugees, saving lives at sea and addressing the reasons why individuals are undertaking irregular and precarious migration.

The Principals call for international solidarity to address this crisis, involving not only Libya but also countries of origin, transit and destination.

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AIDA 17-02-06:

Ungern/ AIDA 2016 Update: Hungary & Serbia till sidans topp

Today AIDA is launching the first of a series of updated country reports from 20 European countries. The reports provide an updated and thorough overview of statistics, legal and policy frameworks and practices in the areas of asylum procedures, reception conditions, detention of asylum seekers and rights of recognised beneficiaries of protection.

"Following an avalanche of restrictive measures in 2015 at all levels of the asylum system, 2016 was the final nail in the coffin of the Hungarian asylum and integration process, with major violations of the fundamental rights of asylum seekers and refugees," says Minos Mouzourakis. Main findings include:

+ Limitations on entry through the transit zones: a growing number of migrants, an estimated one-third of which are children under 18, are trapped in "pre-transit zones" considered "no man's land" by Hungarian authorities, with limited access to basic relief, shelter and legal assistance. Just 5 people a day are allowed to enter per transit zone.

+ Automatic safe third country rejections: Despite UNHCR and NGO recommendations to exclude Serbia from the list of safe third countries, Hungary continues to automatically reject asylum applications on the basis of Serbia being a safe country.

+ Systematic use of detention: In 2016 it frequently happened that there were more asylum seekers in detention than in open reception centres. On 27 December 2016, the number of asylum seekers in detention exceeded those accommodated in open reception centres, as 273 applicants were detained while only 194 stayed in open reception facilities.

+ Dublin returns: 512 asylum seekers were returned mainly from Germany and Switzerland, despite evidence of human rights abuses and clear deficiencies in the Hungarian asylum system. Courts across 15 European countries have ruled against Dublin transfers to Hungary since the introduction of restrictive measures.

(...)

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AIDA 17-02-06:

Serbien/ AIDA 2016 Update: Hungary & Serbia till sidans topp

Today AIDA is launching the first of a series of updated country reports from 20 European countries. The reports provide an updated and thorough overview of statistics, legal and policy frameworks and practices in the areas of asylum procedures, reception conditions, detention of asylum seekers and rights of recognised beneficiaries of protection.

"Following an avalanche of restrictive measures in 2015 at all levels of the asylum system, 2016 was the final nail in the coffin of the Hungarian asylum and integration process, with major violations of the fundamental rights of asylum seekers and refugees," says Minos Mouzourakis. Main findings include:

+ Limitations on entry through the transit zones: a growing number of migrants, an estimated one-third of which are children under 18, are trapped in "pre-transit zones" considered "no man's land" by Hungarian authorities, with limited access to basic relief, shelter and legal assistance. Just 5 people a day are allowed to enter per transit zone.

+ Automatic safe third country rejections: Despite UNHCR and NGO recommendations to exclude Serbia from the list of safe third countries, Hungary continues to automatically reject asylum applications on the basis of Serbia being a safe country.

+ Systematic use of detention: In 2016 it frequently happened that there were more asylum seekers in detention than in open reception centres. On 27 December 2016, the number of asylum seekers in detention exceeded those accommodated in open reception centres, as 273 applicants were detained while only 194 stayed in open reception facilities.

+ Dublin returns: 512 asylum seekers were returned mainly from Germany and Switzerland, despite evidence of human rights abuses and clear deficiencies in the Hungarian asylum system. Courts across 15 European countries have ruled against Dublin transfers to Hungary since the introduction of restrictive measures.

(...)

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Norwegian Refugee Council 17-01-18:

Grekland/ Don't Forget Us - Voices of young refugees and migrants in Greece till sidans topp

More than 30% of the 60,000 refugees stranded in Greece are between the ages of 15-25 years old. A new report by NRC and Mercy Corps shows that stress, poor living conditions and uncertainties about the future, put these young women and men at risk of losing all sense of hope.

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IRR 17-02-09:

Grekland/ 'No one accepts responsibility': Thirteen refugees dead in Greece till sidans topp

Liz Fekete

As refugees and migrants die in Greece's 'hotspots', military camps and in transit, the EU, the UNHCR and Greek institutions must be held to account.

When the European Commission announced, in September 2015, a plan to create hotspots to fingerprint, screen and register refugees arriving in Greece and Italy, many of the larger humanitarian agencies welcomed the development, hopeful that at last some official framework for reception had been agreed. Eighteen months later, and a year after the EU-Turkey deal turned reception into detention, the situation on the Greek islands and in northern Greece remains dire for those refugees who have not been moved out of flimsy tents into prefabricated heated containers or formal housing. In the face of the Arctic blast and unusually strong snowfalls, hotspots have become death traps and refugees are fighting for survival.

These hotspots are not only places of great misery, but they are zones where truth and transparency are in very short supply. The IRR has been trying to ascertain the circumstances in which thirteen refugees and migrants died since April 2016 in Greece, with six of these deaths occurring in hotspots. In only one of these cases are we in a position to provide the full name of the deceased; the only available identifier is nationality. At least six of the dead were refugees from Syria, including Syrian Kurds, three were from Afghanistan. Five of the dead were living at the hotspot at Moria, on the Greek island of Lesbos where over 3,000 refugees are accommodated, well above stated capacity. Those who died here did so because the heaters and gas canisters they had obtained in order to keep warm or cook food were faulty, or used in dangerous situations.

(...)

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Eva Cossé, Human Rights Watch 17-02-03: Death and Despair in Lesbos (Extern länk)

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UN Human Rights Committee 16-12-29:

Bulgarien/ Deportation of family to Bulgaria would violate their rights till sidans topp

Views adopted by the Committee under article 5 (4) of the Optional Protocol, concerning communication No. 2608/2015, R.A.A. and Z.M. v. Denmark

Summary

The couple arrived in Bulgaria June 2014. Detained and beaten at arrival. The male author suffers from a serious heart condition. The male applicant faced a racial attack, and was denied access to the police station when he wanted to report the incident. At the asylum center the male applicant collapsed but was only offered painkillers, and was rejected from the local hospital. They were expelled from the asylum center once they were granted protection. They lived on the street for a few days, before they managed to get back to the asylum center, where they lived in hiding with friends.

Reasoning

+ Despite being granted residence permit in Bulgaria, they faced intolerable living conditions there. DK did not take this information adequately into considerations. DK has not explained how, in case of return to Bulgaria, the residence permit will protect them, in particular as regards access to medical treatment for the male applicant, and from hardship and destitution they already experienced, and which would now also affect their baby.

+ The male applicant was victim of a racial attack and was unable to file a complaint with the police.

+ The male applicant was denied medical care for his heart disease.

+ They now have a baby and are considered to be in a particular vulnerable situation. In case of deportation they are at risk of re-traumatization.

+ Lack of proper assurances from the Bulgarian authorities to ensure that the applicants and the baby would be received in compatible conditions.

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AIDA 17-02-06:

Bulgarien/ AIDA 2016 Update: Bulgaria till sidans topp

The updated AIDA Country Report on Bulgaria documents recent legislative reforms and developments in relation to the asylum procedure, reception and detention, as well as integration.

Bulgaria registered 19,418 asylum applications last year, mainly from Afghan, Syrians and Iraqi nationals. Yet Afghans have overwhelmingly seen their claims rejected, as they have been treated as a "manifestly unfounded" nationality by the State Agency for Refugees (SAR) in 2016. Only 2.5% of Afghan asylum seekers received a positive decision in Bulgaria.

+ Single asylum procedure: Several major changes were introduced into the national asylum system in the end of 2015 as a result of the still ongoing transposition of recast EU Directives, The most important change relates to the unification of asylum procedure stages in one, single regular procedure. Dublin and accelerated procedures are now considered as non-mandatory phases of the status determination.

+ Access to the territory: Regarding asylum seekers' access to territory and procedure, the national situation has remained unchanged. The Bulgarian police continue to apprehend irregular arrivals, to fingerprint and detain them for deportation.

+ Accommodation: Until mid-2016 the national reception centres' population gradually increased from 12% of occupancy as of 31 January 2016 to reach a 35% occupancy as of 31 July 2016. This situation remained until the beginning of August 2016 when the Serbian border authorities fully closed their border with Bulgaria. This resulted in a gradual increase of the reception centres population, reaching by the end of September 2016 an occupancy of 110%. It resulted in overcrowded facilities and additional deterioration of already poor sanitary and living conditions in the majority of the centres.

(...)

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Europarådet 17-01-30:

Italien/ Anti-trafficking experts urge Italy to better protect unaccompanied children till sidans topp

The Council of Europe Group of experts against human trafficking (GRETA) has published today a report on the implementation of the Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings by Italy. The report assesses the specific situation of forced returns of victims of trafficking from Italy and the identification of victims of trafficking among asylum seekers and migrants.

GRETA acknowledges the extreme difficulties which Italy is experiencing due to the unprecedented increase in the arrival of migrants and refugees, and the significant efforts made by the country, with the assistance of international organisations and civil society, to cope with the challenges posed by it.

The report, which was preceded by a visit to Italy in September 2016, reveals gaps in the detection of victims of trafficking among newly arriving migrants and unaccompanied children. Particular attention is paid to the situation of Nigerian women and girls, who have been arriving in Italy in increasing numbers and many of whom are likely to be trafficked for the purpose of exploitation in Europe. GRETA raises concerns about the failure to identify them as victims of trafficking at an early stage, the disappearance of unaccompanied children from reception centres, and the manner in which forced returns of victims of trafficking to their country of origin take place.

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Swiss Refugee Council 17-02-09:

Italien/ Dublin returnees caught between law and harsh reality in the search for safety till sidans topp

The Danish Refugee Council and the Swiss Refugee Council have published a joint report regarding the situation of persons with special reception needs transferred to Italy under the Dublin III Regulation. The report focuses on reception conditions and access to the asylum procedure. It shows that persons with special reception needs are at risk of human rights violations due to the arbitrariness of the Italian reception system.

In November 2014, the European Court of Human Rights stated in its judgment Tarakhel v. Switzerland that the return of a family with minor children to Italy under the Dublin III Regulation without individual guarantees would constitute a violation of Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights due to poor reception conditions.

Since then, the Italian authorities have guaranteed the other Member States that families who were transferred to Italy under the Dublin III Regulation would be kept together and accommodated in facilities appropriate to the needs of families with children.

Monitoring project for Dublin returnees

During a fact-finding mission to Italy in the beginning of 2016, the Swiss Refugee Council found that the Italian asylum system still showed various ambiguities regarding the actual procedure and access to accommodation for Dublin returnees.

Together with the Danish Refugee Council, the Swiss Refugee Council therefore initiated a joint monitoring project for Dublin returnees. The project focuses on reception conditions and access to the asylum procedure for families with minor children and persons with special reception needs who are transferred to Italy under the Dublin III Regulation. It will continue throughout 2017.

Conclusions of the report

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 170109:

UNHCR 17-01-06:

Libanon/ Syrian refugees in Lebanon vulnerable and reliant on aid, study shows till sidans topp

Syrian refugees in Lebanon remain highly vulnerable after many years living in the country, according to a benchmark study from UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, and UN partner agencies.

Household surveys conducted by UNHCR, UNICEF and WFP revealed that the economic plight of Syrian refugees in Lebanon is, at best, as serious as last year. Under some criteria, their plight continues to deteriorate.

The annual study found families had exhausted their limited resources, and were adapting to survive on the bare minimum, deploying harmful or asset-depleting coping mechanisms to survive. It showed over one third of refugees were moderately to severely food insecure, an increase of 12 percentage points compared to 2015. The share of households living below the poverty line remained at an alarming 71 percent.

"Syrian refugees in Lebanon are barely coping," said Amin Awad, Director of the UNHCR's Middle East and North Africa Bureau. "They remain extremely vulnerable and dependent on aid from the international community. Without continued support, their situation would be appalling."

The survey, known as the Vulnerability Assessment of Syrian Refugees (VASyR), was the fourth of its kind. The findings are used in a variety of ways, including to help determine recipients of funding and other support.

It found that more than half of refugee households had a total per capita expenditure below the Survival Minimum Expenditure Basket (SMEB), a measure of items deemed essential for a household's survival. While this figure stabilized at a national level, the share of households in the SMEB category increased more than 50 percent in certain districts. Further serious challenges were identified in the areas of residency, education and housing.

(...)

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Human Rights Watch 16-12-21:

Frankrike/ Lone children from Calais left in limbo till sidans topp

The government of the United Kingdom should make full use of all existing laws and regulations to accept transfers of unaccompanied migrant children currently in France, Human Rights Watch said today. The government of France should ensure that unaccompanied migrant children on French territory have full access to asylum procedures, mental health support, and other essential services.

"Many unaccompanied migrant children in France are desperate and want nothing more than to join their relatives in the UK," said Juliane Kippenberg, associate children's rights director at Human Rights Watch. "In the absence of any meaningful hope that their status will be resolved soon, there is a real risk that some of them will leave their shelters to reach the UK, risking homelessness, exploitation, and violence."

An estimated 1,900 unaccompanied migrant children who previously sought to reach the UK from the informal camp in Calais, in northern France, were moved into provisional reception centers across France when government authorities closed the camp in late October 2016. Officials from the UK Home Office interviewed these children in Calais and in the new Reception and Orientation Centers for Unaccompanied Minors (Centres d'accueil et d'orientation pour mineurs isolés, CAOMI) to assess their eligibility for family reunion under European regulations as well as under a humanitarian provision of the UK's 2016 immigration law that covers unaccompanied children, the "Dubs amendment." To its credit, the Home Office mobilized considerable resources to interview and review the cases in this expedited process.

(...)

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EASO 16-12-20:

Grekland/ EASO to further support Greece: New operating plan for activities in 2017 till sidans topp

EASO' support for Greece will continue in the course of 2017. EASO and Greece have today signed an Operating Plan, encompassing all technical and operational assistance to Greece. Support activities foreseen include: support on relocation, support for the implementation of tasks under the EU-Turkey Statement, supporting and enhancing identification and assistance to vulnerable applicants, and support with absorption of EU funds

EASO and Greece signed a new operating plan, which provides for EASO support activities to Greece, to be implemented over a period of 12 months, from January 2017 until December 2017. For the first time, the new agreement combines all the support measures and operational activities of EASO to Greece into one single Operating Plan, forging a strengthened cooperation between the Agency and the Greek authorities.

The new plan builds on EASO existing operational support to Greece and aims to respond to the extraordinary pressure on its asylum and reception systems and sustain the fully implementation of the EU Asylum Acquis. According to the plan, EASO will support Greece in three main priority areas: implementation of the EU Relocation programme, implementation of the EU-Turkey Statement and implementation of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS). To this end, EASO will perform, over the next year, a wide range of operational activities - outlined in the plan - including: support with information provision on relocation, handling outgoing Dublin take charge requests, the detection of possible document fraud, implementation of the EU-TR Statement and enhancement of the Greek Asylum and Reception system, training Greek personnel in the framework of the EASO Training Curriculum, absorption of EU funds and other financial resources, enhance identification and assistance to vulnerable applicants. To continue ensuring effective results in these areas, EASO will deploy national experts and interpreters to Greece and provide all the necessary logistic and administrative support.

(...)

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EASO 16-12-22: EASO to further enhance its operational support to Italy in 2017 (Extern länk)

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EASO 16-12-22:

Italien/ EASO to further enhance its operational support to Italy in 2017 till sidans topp

EASO's support for Italy will continue and shall be enhanced in the course of 2017. EASO and Italy have today signed a single Operating Plan, encompassing all technical and operational assistance to Italy. Support activities foreseen include: support on relocation, supporting and enhancing identification and assistance to vulnerable applicants, especially with regards to unaccompanied minors and support with handling outgoing Dublin take charge requests.

The new plan will be implemented over a period of 12 months, from January 2017 until December 2017. For the first time, the new agreement combines all the support measures and operational activities of EASO to Italy into one single Operating Plan, thus heightening the cooperation between the Agency and Italian authorities.

With the Operating Plan, EASO will further develop its operation support to Italy by responding to particular pressure on its asylum and reception systems and sustain the full implementation of the EU Asylum Acquis. EASO's support outlined in the agreement includes mainly: support with information and registrations of potential applicants; support with handling outgoing Dublin take charge requests; strengthening reception capacity especially with regards to unaccompanied minors; support in the professional development of the staff of Department of Civil Liberties and Immigration, within the Italian Ministry of Interior, as well as in activities in the field of COI. Within this context, EASO will deploy experts and interpreters to Italy and provide the necessary operational logistic and administrative support.

Within the rapidly evolving situation in Italy and upon agreement with the Italian authorities, EASO will adjust its intervention providing appropriate support to address emerging needs.

Background

(...)

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EASO 16-12-20: EASO to further support Greece: New Operating Plan for activities in 2017 has been put in place (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 161221:

ECRE 16-12-19:

Kroatien/ Dublin returns to Croatia lack necessary human rights guarantees till sidans topp

the closure of the Western Balkan route and an increase of Dublin returns has resulted in a total of 2,046 asylum seekers in Croatia this year compared to 211 in 2015. The dramatic increase includes 540 Dublin returns mostly representing vulnerable groups of asylum seekers such as separated families and families with young children, pregnant women, and persons with severe illnesses.

"The closure of the Western Balkan route has trapped asylum seekers in a largely unprepared asylum system now under pressure from an exponential rise in applications, despite efforts from the Croatian authorities, civil society organisations and volunteers to ensure protection and assistance. Further adding to our concern is the fact that the increase includes vulnerable groups of asylum seekers, including persons suffering from severe illnesses, returned to Croatia under the Dublin Regulation. Dublin returns of vulnerable groups by and large are a worrying and unprecedented development," says Minos Mouzourakis, AIDA Coordinator.

The peculiar way asylum seekers transited along the Balkan route with the help of regional governments also calls into question the use of the Dublin Regulation. Pending clarification from the Court of Justice of the European Union on this issue, Dublin transfers from Austria - by far the main sending country - have been temporarily suspended by the Austrian Administrative High Court.

"Regardless of the outcome of the legal challenge, European governments should refrain from returning asylum seekers - not least vulnerable groups - to Croatia at a time where there are clear indications of severe problems of reception capacity and there are no guarantees that their fundamental human rights are respected," says Minos Mouzourakis, AIDA Coordinator.

In a report published today, ECRE presents the findings of its visit to Croatia between 28 November and 1 December 2016 as part of its Asylum Information Database (AIDA).

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UNHCR 16-12-09:

Shelter struggle in Greece as winter arrives, EU urged to speed relocations till sidans topp

With the onset of winter, improving living conditions for asylum-seekers and migrants continues to be the number one priority for humanitarian actors in Greece. It is also still a major challenge. People living in tents out in the open have been moved to alternative accommodation and UNHCR's accommodation scheme, funded by the European Commission, has provided 20,000 badly-needed places for refugees and asylum seekers. But serious challenges remain and many others are in substandard shelters lacking proper protection from winter conditions.

Conditions vary greatly. Some sites are in a poor state and lack services such as psychosocial counselling, health care and interpretation, or even proper security. Over the past months, in a joint effort by humanitarian organizations and authorities under the coordination of Greece's Ministry of Migration Policy, conditions have been improved in the majority of the over 40 official sites, including through upgrades of infrastructure. UNHCR was involved in carrying out improvements and maintenance at 15 of these sites.

In addition, in eight government-run sites people living in tents have been moved into UNHCR prefabricated houses. So far, over 2,600 people have been moved into the prefabs and by the end of the year this figure will rise to 4,000. To help matters in all sites, UNHCR and non-governmental organizations have been working to keep people warm and dry. This has involved delivering over 200,000 sleeping bags, blankets and clothes, and other winter relief items.

The UNHCR accommodation programme, which reached its targeted goal of 20,000 places this week, provides housing for candidates for the EU Emergency Relocation Mechanism and for asylum-seekers considered especially vulnerable. The programme, which started in January, supports the Greek Government's response.

(...)

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UNHCR 17-12-06: Faster movement of people from Greek islands to mainland essential (Extern länk)

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AITIMA / Statewatch 16-12-13:

Grekland/ Serious problems in Greek asylum system persist, says NGO report till sidans topp

The Greek NGO AITIMA has published a mid-term report setting out the findings of its project monitoring the Greek asylum procedure, noting a number of serious issues including limited access to the procedure, delays in processing, lack of information for applicants and the "legally debatable establishment of Independent Appeals Committees.

General findings of the mid-term report

+ Limited access to the asylum procedure

+ Long delays in processing asylum applications

+ Shortcomings regarding the identification of vulnerable asylum seekers and insufficient consideration of their needs

+ Insufficient provision of information to both asylum seekers and lawyers by the competent asylum offices

+ Insufficient provision of free legal assistance

+ Shortcomings regarding the 1st instance procedure on the mainland and problematic 1st instance procedure on the islands

+ Inadequate second instance examination procedure-legally debatable establishment of Independent Appeals Committees

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Europarådets parlament 16-12-09: Rapporteur Tineke Strik warns against resuming Dublin transfers to Greece (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 161208:

UNHCR 16-11-29:

Bulgarien/ UNHCR concerned about expulsions following tensions at reception centre till sidans topp

This is a summary of what was said by UNHCR spokesperson William Spindler - to whom quoted text may be attributed - at today's press briefing at the Palais des Nations in Geneva.

UNHCR is concerned that a protest at Bulgaria's largest reception centre for asylum-seekers has prompted calls for asylum-seekers to be expelled on national security grounds.

UNHCR urges the Bulgarian government to decongest the Harmanli reception centre, improve living conditions and strengthen management of the centre. Most of all, UNHCR urges the government to establish a constructive dialogue with asylum-seekers staying in the centre. UNHCR will continue to support the efforts of the authorities to improve conditions and to work with the refugees and local communities to diffuse any tensions.

Tensions escalated last week at Harmanli, Bulgaria's largest reception centre for asylum-seekers, some 250 kilometres south-east of the capital, Sofia, after the authorities introduced limited access in and out of the already overcrowded centre, citing health concerns. Asylum-seekers protested this decision and the poor conditions at the centre. This included several hundred residents throwing rocks and setting tires on fire. The police used rubber bullets and water cannon to contain the crowd.

More than 300 asylum-seekers were arrested. Concerns over reception conditions and overcrowding have remained unaddressed, which fuels frustration and tensions among residents, and has led to acts of vandalism. Harmanli is seriously overcrowded, since it is hosting 3,100 asylum-seekers, of whom one third are children, when its official capacity is 2,710. In addition to being overcrowded, sanitary conditions at the centre are also concerning, with intermittent warm water supply. There are also serious challenges on provision of medical care, including lack of medicine. Moreover, there are no recreational facilities or activities for children or adults

(...)

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Balkan Insight 16-11-28: Teenager in Coma After Refugee Clashes in Bulgaria (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 161123:

Europarådet 16-11-03:

Ungern/ Anti-torture committee critical of treatment of migrants and refugees till sidans topp

In a report published today, the Council of Europe's Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment welcomes cooperation of Hungarian authorities during its visit last year to detention centres and police detention facilities for foreigners, but also points out shortcomings.

The committee finds that the majority of detained foreign nationals interviewed stated that they had been treated correctly by police and prison officers or armed guards.

However, it also finds that a "considerable number" of foreign nationals complained of ill treatment by police and discovered wanting conditions in some detention centres.

Given the context of the arrival of an unprecedented number of foreign nationals to Hungary last year - nearly 10,000 foreign nationals arriving every day in the summer months of 2015 alone - the committee acknowledges the "particular circumstances" faced by Hungarian authorities.

Nonetheless, its report calls on Hungarian authorities to issue a formal statement to all police officers and all armed guards working in asylum and detention facilities that any form of ill treatment of persons deprived of their liberty cannot be accepted.

The visit examined the treatment and conditions of detention of foreign nationals deprived of their liberty under aliens' legislation or amended criminal legislation according to which crossing the border fence or damaging it constitutes a criminal offence. The committee also assessed legal safeguards offered to the detainees.

Pressmeddelandet med länk till rapporten och Ungerns svar (Extern länk)

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Asylnytt 16-11-23:

Italien/ CAT: Anmälan om behandling på Lampedusa går inte att pröva utan dokument till sidans topp

Beslut från FN:s kommitté mot tortyr, CAT: En man från Tunisien som anlände med båt till den italienska ön Lampedusa under 2014 har klagat till kommittén om hur han hållits inlåst under omänskliga förhållanden först på Lampedusa och senare på en båt i Palermo. Efter identifiering av den tunisiskt konsuln flögs han tillsammans med många andra tillbaka till Tunisien. Han ska inte ha fått någon information om möjligheten att söka asyl eller överklaga behandlingen. Italien har svarat att det inte går att hitta mannen i registren över migranter på Lampedusa. CAT väljer att inte pröva ärendet eftersom mannen inte har lämnat några som helst dokument rörande de åtgärder han ska ha utsatts för och att han borde ha kunnat få reda på hur han skulle göra åtminstone av de frivlliga som besöker centret. Det framgår inte heller att han skulle ha klagat hos någon italiensk myndighet varken under sin tid i Italien eller efter utvisningen till Tunisien.

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Asylnytt 16-11-23:

Italien/ Europadomstolen tillåter överföring av för tidigt födda tvillingar till Italien till sidans topp

Europadomstolen för mänskliga rättigheter har behandlat ännu ett par fall som rör överföring enligt Dublinförordningen av barnfamiljer till Italien. Domstolen har accepterat Italiens generella garanti från juni 2015 om att barnfamiljer ska hållas samman och få ett adekvat mottagande, om Italien får information om familjen innan överföringen verkställs. Därför behövs ingen ytterligare individuell garanti, vilket krävdes i det så kallade Tarakhel-fallet 2014. Ett av de nya fallen gällde ett par som sökt asyl i Finland. Italien hade accepterat att ta emot dem var för sig. De hade då inga barn och frågan om garantier kom inte upp. När kvinnan nedkom med för tidigt födda tvillingar ville föräldrarna hejda överföringen och påpekade att Italien inte informerats om situationen. Men Europadomstolen anser att det finns tid att informera Italien, och att det inte finns något som talar för att familjen skulle utsättas för något som skulle strida mot Europakonventionen.

Ett annat ärende gäller en utvidgad familj av vuxna syskon plus ett barn som befann sig i Schweiz. Förutom att Italiens garantier för barn accepteras innebär domen bland annat att det inte går att hävda rätt till familjeliv när båda parter är asylsökande.

Läs domen M.A.-M. and others v. Finland i sin helhet (Extern länk)

Läs domen Ali and others v. Switzerland and Itally i sin helhet (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 161101:

EU-kommissionen 16-10-17:

Turkiet/ Facility for Refugees in Turkey: reaching cruising speed till sidans topp

Ahead of the European Council on 20/21 October, President Juncker informed the EU heads of state or government that six months into implementation the Facility for Refugees in Turkey is delivering fully and is helping to secure livelihoods and create opportunities for the refugees hosted by the country. In a letter sent to the leaders, President Juncker stressed: "Operations under the Facility have reached cruising speed quickly, and recent weeks have brought several significant breakthroughs in its implementation. The total amount of funding allocated under the Facility now stands at over € 2.2 billion, with over € 1.2 billion already awarded via concrete contracts. Of this, €467 million has been disbursed to the implementing partners. The balance will be paid progressively as the implementation of the projects advances. Crucially, the funding from the Facility is making a real, tangible difference to the lives of the over three million refugees hosted by Turkey." More information on how the Facility works and on the state of play of our assistance can be found on the factsheet. Details of the projects of the Facility can be found here.

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AIDA 16-10-28:

Serbien/ Access to protection a rarity, as bottleneck intensifies till sidans topp

The Belgrade Centre for Human Rights has published its Periodic Report on the Right to Asylum in the Republic of Serbia, covering the period July-September 2016.

In recent months, larger numbers of refugees have been left without accommodation in Serbia, following a decision by the Commissariat for Refugees and Migration in July 2016 to allow accommodation in the Krnjaca Asylum Centre only to persons who had expressed an intention to apply for asylum. During that month, approximately 450 people were staying in makeshift sites without legal status. The Commissariat modified its policy in August 2016 to allow all persons in need of protection to stay at the Krnja?a Asylum Centre. The centre has a maximum capacity of 750 places, but hosted over 1,000 people in September.

At the same time, the recent rounds of restrictions imposed by Hungary with regard to access to its territory through the transit zones of Röszke and Tompa have resulted in greater pressure on Serbian authorities. As of April 2016, entry into Hungary has been managed through an informal process, whereby refugees and migrants in Serbia draw up lists of people wishing to enter Hungary and forward them to the Hungarian police. On the basis of those lists, the police prepares its own list of 30 persons allowed to enter the transit zones per day. Whereas 30 people per day leave Serbia to enter Hungary, the number of persons entering Serbia daily is substantially higher.

The report also discusses the second "Response Plan in Case of Increased Inflow of Migrants to the Republic of Serbia in the October 2016 - March 2017 Period", adopted in late September by the authorities. The Response Plan aims inter alia at increasing the reception capacity of Asylum Centres and improving living conditions therein.

(...)

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AIDA 16-10-19:

Grekland/ New asylum reform transposing the recast reception conditions directive till sidans topp

The Greek Ministry of Interior has submitted a bill for public consultation from 11 to 31 October 2016, concerning the transposition of the recast Reception Conditions Directive into national legislation.

Selected provisions of the Directive have already been incorporated into the Greek legal system through Law (L) 4375/2016, adopted in April 2016 and amended in June 2016. These mainly concern detention of asylum seekers and access to the labour market. The bill aims at the transposition of the remainder of the Directive, leading to the repeal of the currently applicable Presidential Decree (PD) 220/2007.

The main elements of the reform proposed by the draft law relate to the following areas:

Freedom of movement

Article 6(4): The provisions transposing Article 7 of the recast Reception Conditions Directive on the freedom of movement of asylum seekers are without prejudice to Article 14 L 4375/2016, setting out restrictions on the movement of new entrants held in Reception and Identification Centres on the islands and in Evros. However, as argued by the Greek Council for Refugees, as well as ECRE and ICJ, given that the degree and intensity of the restrictions to their freedom of movement effectively deprive asylum seekers of their liberty, these structures should be viewed as detention rather than reception facilities. In light of this, the bill seems a missed opportunity to resolve the incompatibility of L 4375/2016 with the recast Reception Conditions Directive.

Access to the labour market

(...)

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Pleiades 16-10-20:

Grekland/ Report on refugee mothers - antenatal, perinatal and postnatal care till sidans topp

The information in this report is based on a Survey on Maternity Practices conducted on women living in refugee camps in Greece in the period of September/October 2016. The interviews were collected by a group of volunteers acting on behalf of Pleiades. The questionnaire, prepared by Pleiades and included in Appendix of this document, was defined in context of the international law, excerpts of which are included in section ?3.

The number of women who could be reached by the survey is fairly limited due to circumstantial difficulties including, among others, the lack of female translators (desirable if not critical, given the sensitivity of the matter), the lack of professional translators (and resulting potential inaccuracies), and finally the reluctance of women to entrust private information to strangers, often as a result of experienced situations of shame and humiliation.

All information is reported to the best understanding of the surveyors, given in good faith, and collected from trusted sources.

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AIDA 16-10-19:

Italien/ Plans for a uniform reception system through SPRAR expansion till sidans topp

A plan to reform the Italian reception system was announced at the annual meeting of the Ministry of Interior and the National Association of Italian Municipalities (Anci) held on 14 October 2016 in Bari.

As detailed in the AIDA report on Italy, the reception system is in theory distinguished between first-line and second-line reception. Newly arriving asylum seekers and migrants are placed in Regional Hubs, including emergency reception centres (CAS), managed by the Ministry of Interior and Prefectures. Subsequently, second-line reception is provided through the system for the protection of asylum seekers and refugees (SPRAR), managed by local municipalities.

According to the latest statistics of the Ministry of Interior, as of 14 October, a total 165,177 persons are reported to be residing in the Italian reception system. Only 22,971 persons are staying in SPRAR structures, while as many as 127,721 persons, more than 77% of the total population, are residing in CAS. The largest share of reception places are situated in Lombardia, followed by Sicily, Piemonte and Lazio.

The plan envisages the phasing out of the CAS, with a view to the consolidation of a uniform reception system across the country. This system would entail an expansion of the SPRAR system, through equitable distribution of asylum seekers and migrants across 8,000 municipalities in the country.

One important challenge to the implementation of the plan will be ensuring participation of municipalities in the SPRAR system, given that, at the moment, municipalities are not obliged to take part in SPRAR. Another way to ensure equitable distribution of reception places across the country could be the mainstreaming of reception into the obligations of municipalities in the context of social services.

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Arkiveringsdatum 161015:

UNHCR 16-10-07:

Internationellt/ 67th Session of the Executive Committee of UNHCR's Programme till sidans topp

/Slutord från kommissionären Filippo Grandis inledning:/

Last month's summit in New York marked a critical recognition that cooperation lies at the heart of the refugee protection regime, and placed the refugee issue at the centre of the international agenda for the first time in decades.

Migrants and refugees are distinct categories - with refugees unable to return home because of conflict or persecution, and holding a particular legal status as a result. In practice, however, the two groups are affected by many of the same factors, including overlapping root causes, exploitation by smugglers and traffickers, life-threatening risks along their journeys, and rising xenophobia.

Beyond its continued commitment to carry out its responsibilities in support of refugees, returnees, displaced and stateless people, UNHCR stands ready to contribute to the work required to address these common challenges. In this respect, I welcome the International Organisation for Migration to the United Nations family, and look forward to strengthening our collaboration.

The New York Declaration provides a powerful platform for change in the way the international community intends to engage in the refugee crises of the future. I wish to thank again Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon for the crucial legacy that he leaves behind with this important result, and for all his support to UNHCR over the years. The Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework that accompanies the Declaration, for the first time, sets out a predictable blueprint for how this should happen. I am honoured that you have requested UNHCR to initiate and develop it.

Inledningstalet (Extern länk)

Allt material från sessionen (Extern länk)

Filippo Grandis avslutningsord (Extern länk)

UNHCR 16-10-05: UNHCR's Volker Türk says solidarity 'essential' to refugee protection (Extern länk)

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IOM 16-10-11:

Grekland/ Greek schools admit refugee, migrant children till sidans topp

On 10 October, 15 Greek schools welcomed for the first time refugee and migrant children from nearby camps. IOM Greece provided transport and equipped the children with school kits, including notebooks, pens, pencils and other materials.

In conjunction with the Greek Ministry of Education Research and Religious Affairs, the programme will be implemented incrementally, starting with camps in Attica, Thessaloniki and Epirus. During the first day, 12 buses departed from Lavrio, Elaiwnas, Derveni and Lagkadikia camps to take the children to the nearest schools. The children will attend classes from 2pm to 6pm.

"I think that this is one of the most important things that IOM is doing - trying to return these children's lives to some sort of normality and order. Everything related to education is really crucial," said IOM Greece Chief of Mission Daniel Esdras.

The education programme is part of an EU Emergency Support-funded IOM project: "Multi-sectoral assistance to and protection of migrants and refugees stranded in Greece". Under the scheme, IOM will provide transport for 9,000 children from and to school and distribute 10,200 school kits to primary and nursery school children.

"Education in emergency situations is a top priority for the European Commission. Even in the most tragic circumstances, education can give uprooted children a sense of normality. Investing in education now is an investment against the risk of a lost generation and an investment for the future," said Panos Carvounis, Head of the European Commission Representation in Greece.

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EU Presidency / Statewatch 16-10-12:

Grekland/ Council admits the EU has failed to respond on key areas till sidans topp

- "Frontex and Europol... report fatigue among Member States in responding to calls for experts"

- Some 'nationalities' are unable to register their asylum applications. Lodging of asylum applications is done according to nationality, giving priority to Syrians, Pakistanis and North Africans, while Iraqi and Afghani requests are not being dealt with."

Over a year ago the Council and the European Commission- belatedly - started to respond to the refugee crisis. Now a year on the Council, in a secret report to COREPER, recognises some of the failures and urges - for the umpteenth time - to "do more":

The Commission used to publish weekly figures on the number relocated, the number of refugees "returned", the funding for plans in Syria and Africa, and on "hotspot" staffing. Then in the summer this collection of factual reports ended - their publication was embarrassing.

The plan to relocate 160,000 refugees to Member States mostly from Greece and Italy has patently failed:

"This note aims to focus on some of the current shortfalls and potential solutions in managing the migration and refugee flows in the Mediterranean...

On relocation, some progress has been achieved, but as migrants continue to arrive in Italy and in light of the challenging situation in Greece, relocation remains crucial to alleviating the pressure in those countries."

Organisational chaos

Many of the institutions' public statements suggest the that ongoing problems are due to inefficiency in Greece and Italy - this document tells a different story. There are "staffing" problems:

(...)

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ECRE 16-10-07:

Bulgarien/ Migrants and asylum seekers are being routinely detained, report finds till sidans topp

The Center for Legal Aid - Voice in Bulgaria finds in its latest report that asylum seekers and migrants in Bulgaria are routinely detained without an individual assessment. The report also highlights that unaccompanied children are currently being detained, in grave violation of the Law of the Foreigners in the Republic of Bulgaria.

Statistics in the report show that the number of detained persons has been rising since 2012. In 2015, for instance, 11,902 people were detained, including 2,523 children. Nationalities of people facing detention include Syrians, Afghans, and Iraqis. Most detention orders are given for irregularly crossing the border, lack of identity documents or intention to transit through Bulgaria to another country. Detention conditions are poor, people are not given information about their situation in a language they understand and there is an absence of medical care, the report states.

The report recommends the adoption of clear guidelines for assessing the different legal bases for detention, the regular provision of legal aid and interpretation services at detention and the effective use of alternatives to detention. The Centre for Legal Aid also calls on authorities to create open centres for unaccompanied children who are to be deported and urges them to provide legal aid and assistance from a social worker when decisions are being made as to their detention.

The report comes just after the European Commission stated that €108 million in emergency funding will be granted to the country to support its management of migration flows and border control.

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EU Presidency / Statewatch 16-10-12:

Italien/ Council admits the EU has failed to respond on key areas till sidans topp

- "Frontex and Europol... report fatigue among Member States in responding to calls for experts"

- Some 'nationalities' are unable to register their asylum applications. Lodging of asylum applications is done according to nationality, giving priority to Syrians, Pakistanis and North Africans, while Iraqi and Afghani requests are not being dealt with."

Over a year ago the Council and the European Commission- belatedly - started to respond to the refugee crisis. Now a year on the Council, in a secret report to COREPER, recognises some of the failures and urges - for the umpteenth time - to "do more":

The Commission used to publish weekly figures on the number relocated, the number of refugees "returned", the funding for plans in Syria and Africa, and on "hotspot" staffing. Then in the summer this collection of factual reports ended - their publication was embarrassing.

The plan to relocate 160,000 refugees to Member States mostly from Greece and Italy has patently failed:

"This note aims to focus on some of the current shortfalls and potential solutions in managing the migration and refugee flows in the Mediterranean...

On relocation, some progress has been achieved, but as migrants continue to arrive in Italy and in light of the challenging situation in Greece, relocation remains crucial to alleviating the pressure in those countries."

Organisational chaos

Many of the institutions' public statements suggest the that ongoing problems are due to inefficiency in Greece and Italy - this document tells a different story. There are "staffing" problems:

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 160930:

EU-parlamentet, LIBE 16-09-22:

Libanon/ Funding alone will not solve the crisis, better resettlement tools are needed till sidans topp

Civil liberties MEPs in Lebanon

With around 1.5 million refugees fleeing to Lebanon since the start of the war in Syria, it is clear that the situation in the country is untenable and that substantial help is needed to avoid a complete breakdown, not only in terms of financial assistance, but also through improved resettlement tools, says Civil Liberties Committee Chair Claude Moraes, who this week headed a delegation to Beirut.

Lebanon is currently the country in the world with the highest number of refugees per capita: around one in four living on its territory is a refugee. Against this backdrop, a 7-strong delegation from the Civil Liberties Committee this week visited Lebanon to look into the situation for refugees on the ground.

"It is clear that Lebanon is reaching a saturation point", says Claude Moraes (S&D, UK). "Vital infrastructure all over the country, such as education and sanitation, is heavily affected by the influx of refugees which means that this is not just a refugee crisis, but one that affects the country overall and which could rapidly deteriorate. Lebanon has far surpassed the efforts of the EU in its response to the crisis and has coped remarkably well under very difficult circumstances. Humanitarian aid from the EU and others is highly needed to alleviate the unprecedented pressure the country is experiencing.

Poverty among the Syrian refugees is alarming and efficient policies on education and health care are more needed than ever. People are living under appalling conditions, in overcrowded apartments shared by several families in order to afford the rent or even in basement car parks, with no water, toilets or electricity. The issue of a $200 fee for residence permits has been mentioned as a reason for many to be staying illegally in the country which might make them vulnerable to exploitation in the labour market and elsewhere.

(...)

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Human Rights Watch 16-09-20:

Ungern/ Failing to protect vulnerable refugees till sidans topp

Hungary is keeping many of the most vulnerable asylum seekers stranded on its border in poor conditions for weeks while they wait to enter the country and file their claims. Some said that border officials had used excessive force against them.

Hungary has imposed a daily cap on the number of asylum seekers who can enter Hungary to present asylum claims, and a July 5, 2016, law allows push-backs of people found to have entered the country irregularly. This means that even especially vulnerable people are being sent back to the Serbian border and spending weeks in poor conditions there as they wait to enter.

"It is particularly cruel to force vulnerable asylum seekers who are already inside Hungary back to the Serbian border to line up for weeks in awful conditions," said Lydia Gall, Balkans and Eastern Europe researcher at Human Rights Watch. "Hungary should provide timely access to the asylum system for all refugees, and take special measures to treat vulnerable groups humanely."

To look at the effects of the July 5 law, Human Rights Watch interviewed 30 asylum seekers, including single males and members of vulnerable groups, as well as representatives of nongovernmental groups, staff of UNHCR, the United Nations refugee agency, human rights lawyers, and activists.

Those interviewed included nine families with children, four unaccompanied children, an elderly person, and a person with a disability. All had been apprehended after crossing irregularly into Hungary after the new law was adopted and had been pushed back across the border. Human Rights Watch also interviewed six additional families with children who had been waiting to enter Hungary for up to several weeks.

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 160914:

EU-parlamentet 16-08-30:

Belgien/ Reception of female refugees and asylum seekers - Case Study till sidans topp

Commissioned by the European Parliament's Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the Committee on Women's Rights and Gender Equality, this study provides an overview of the implementation of Directive 2013/33/EU laying down standards for the reception of applicants for international protection. It outlines the legal framework and examines how gender related aspects and the reception needs of vulnerable groups are considered in practice in Munich (Germany) and Brussels (Belgium).

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EU-parlamentet 16-08-30:

Tyskland/ Reception of female refugees and asylum seekers - Case Study till sidans topp

Commissioned by the European Parliament's Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the Committee on Women's Rights and Gender Equality, this study provides an overview of the implementation of Directive 2013/33/EU laying down standards for the reception of applicants for international protection. It outlines the legal framework and examines how gender related aspects and the reception needs of vulnerable groups are considered in practice in Munich (Germany) and Brussels (Belgium).

Hämta studien (Extern länk)

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EU-kommissionen 16-09-10:

Grekland/ EU announces new €115 million in emergency support for refugees till sidans topp

Today, the European Commission has stepped up its funding to improve living conditions for refugees, migrants and asylum seekers in Greece. New funding worth €115 million will be released to humanitarian organisations operating in the country.

"The European Commission continues to put solidarity into action to better manage the refugee crisis, in close cooperation with the Greek Government. The new funding has the key aim to improve conditions for refugees in Greece, and make a difference ahead of the upcoming winter. Over the past months, we have significantly contributed to restore dignified living conditions through our humanitarian partners. Together, we will continue our work until our job is done", said Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management Christos Stylianides, who announced the new funding at the Thessaloniki International Fair in Greece today, together with the Greek Alternate Minister for Migration, Ioannis Mouzalas.

The additional funding is already in the process of being contracted. As agreed between Commissioner Stylianides and Minister Mouzalas, it will focus on four priorities:

+ Improvement of existing shelters and construction of new ones, and improvement of sanitation conditions.

+ Delivery of direct assistance to refugees through cash/voucher schemes.

+ Access to education for refugee children.

+ Help to unaccompanied minors who need special care and protection.

The new emergency support comes on top of the €83 million which the European Commission has already provided earlier this year to international organisations and NGOs to address the most pressing humanitarian needs in Greece, including shelter, primary health care, psycho-social support, improved hygiene conditions as well as informal education and safe spaces for children and women.

Overall, the European Union is providing over €1 billion in support to Greece in tackling current migration challenges.

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EU-parlamentet 16-08-30:

Belgien/ Reception of female refugees and asylum seekers - Case Study till sidans topp

Commissioned by the European Parliament's Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the Committee on Women's Rights and Gender Equality, this study provides an overview of the implementation of Directive 2013/33/EU laying down standards for the reception of applicants for international protection. It outlines the legal framework and examines how gender related aspects and the reception needs of vulnerable groups are considered in practice in Munich (Germany) and Brussels (Belgium).

Hämta studien (Extern länk)

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EU-parlamentet 16-08-30:

Tyskland/ Reception of female refugees and asylum seekers - Case Study till sidans topp

Commissioned by the European Parliament's Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the Committee on Women's Rights and Gender Equality, this study provides an overview of the implementation of Directive 2013/33/EU laying down standards for the reception of applicants for international protection. It outlines the legal framework and examines how gender related aspects and the reception needs of vulnerable groups are considered in practice in Munich (Germany) and Brussels (Belgium).

Hämta studien (Extern länk)

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EU-kommissionen 16-09-10:

Grekland/ EU announces new €115 million in emergency support for refugees till sidans topp

Today, the European Commission has stepped up its funding to improve living conditions for refugees, migrants and asylum seekers in Greece. New funding worth €115 million will be released to humanitarian organisations operating in the country.

"The European Commission continues to put solidarity into action to better manage the refugee crisis, in close cooperation with the Greek Government. The new funding has the key aim to improve conditions for refugees in Greece, and make a difference ahead of the upcoming winter. Over the past months, we have significantly contributed to restore dignified living conditions through our humanitarian partners. Together, we will continue our work until our job is done", said Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management Christos Stylianides, who announced the new funding at the Thessaloniki International Fair in Greece today, together with the Greek Alternate Minister for Migration, Ioannis Mouzalas.

The additional funding is already in the process of being contracted. As agreed between Commissioner Stylianides and Minister Mouzalas, it will focus on four priorities:

+ Improvement of existing shelters and construction of new ones, and improvement of sanitation conditions.

+ Delivery of direct assistance to refugees through cash/voucher schemes.

+ Access to education for refugee children.

+ Help to unaccompanied minors who need special care and protection.

The new emergency support comes on top of the €83 million which the European Commission has already provided earlier this year to international organisations and NGOs to address the most pressing humanitarian needs in Greece, including shelter, primary health care, psycho-social support, improved hygiene conditions as well as informal education and safe spaces for children and women.

Overall, the European Union is providing over €1 billion in support to Greece in tackling current migration challenges.

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Arkiveringsdatum 160831:

Amnesty International 16-08-15:

Libyen/ Through their eyes: refugees' own accounts of abuses in Libya till sidans topp

Amnesty International has been given accounts of horrific, widespread abuses being inflicted on refugees and migrants travelling through Libya in the hope of finding safety and stability when arriving to Europe, including sexual abuse, torture and exploitation.

Now, hear from two of the refugees speaking themselves about their terrifying experiences.

Amal, 21, Eritrea

Amal escaped Eritrea and travelled through Sudan after her mother was imprisoned. She wanted to get away from indefinite military service that had prevented her from going to university and from seeing her family for one and a half years. But en route to hope of a new and safe life in Europe, she was forced into sexual slavery after being abducted near Benghazi by the armed group calling itself Islamic State (IS), in Libya.

"IS caught us at the end of July 2015. They separated us into Christians and Muslims and then they separated the men and women. They put us in two cars to take us towards Tripoli and put us in a big palace-like place.

They kept us underground - we didn't see the sun for nine months.

Then they told us they would release us, but only if we converted [to Islam], so we did.

After we converted, they said they would make us into their own slaves and maids.

We were beaten for three months, sometimes they used their hands or a hose or sticks. Sometimes they would frighten us with their guns or threaten to slaughter us with their knives.

They considered us their wives and forced themselves on us.

We spent four months in that situation. It was a very big place and there were many men. Every day some of them would abuse us.

In February [2016]they divided us and gave each one of us to a man. I stayed with the man [...] who only show[ed] up at night without food.

(...)

Läs mer (Extern länk)

IOM 16-08-19: IOM Libya Releases 5th Mobility Tracking Report (Extern länk)

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Human Rights Watch 16-08-16:

Jordanien/ "We're Afraid for Their Future" - Barriers to Education for Syrian Children till sidans topp

Today, Syrian refugee children in Jordan face a bleak educational present, and an uncertain future. Close to one in three-226,000 out of 660,000-Syrians registered with the United Nations refugee agency in Jordan are school-aged children between 5-17 years old. Of these, more than one-third (over 80,000) did not receive a formal education last year.

There are almost 1.3 million Syrians today in Jordan, a country of 6.6 million citizens. Their arrival, and specifically that of Syrian children, since the outbreak of conflict in Syria in 2011, has spurred Jordan's Education Ministry to take a number of steps to accommodate their educational needs. These include hiring new teachers; allowing free public school enrollment for Syrian children; and having second shifts at nearly 100 primary schools to create more classroom spaces. In the fall of 2016, the ministry aims to create 50,000 new spaces in public schools for Syrian children, and to reach 25,000 out-of-school children with accredited "catch-up classes."

Donor aid, while consistently falling short of that requested by Jordan to host refugees, has played an important role in providing educational opportunities, and is set to increase: in February 2016, donors pledged to give US$700 million per year to Jordan for the next three years (although World Bank calculations put the cost of hosting Syrian refugees in Jordan at $2.5 billion annually), with the European Union (EU), United Kingdom (UK), Germany, United States, and Norway pledging $81.5 million in May specifically to support expanding access to education.

Such initiatives have had impact; between 2012 and 2016, the proportion of Syrian refugee children enrolled in formal education soared from 12 to 64 percent. Moreover, the donor-supported plan announced in February should significantly improve access to education for Syrian refugee children without lowering the quality of education for Jordanian children-a common concern.

(...)

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FRA 16-08-19:

Europa/ Help for migrants with disabilities hampered by screening gaps till sidans topp

Refugees and migrants arriving in the EU may also have a disability which can pass unnoticed, preventing them from receiving the particular support they need and are entitled to under EU law. As there is little information on migrants with disabilities and victims of torture, the latest FRA summary report on migration-related fundamental rights throws the spotlight on these issues.

The report looks at the challenges and good practices related to identifying migrants with disabilities, the reception conditions they face, as well as mental health issues which may be brought on or exacerbated by the ordeals they have endured during migration. Some of the main findings include:

1. Formal procedures for identifying people with disabilities and victims of torture are inadequate. This can have significant knock-on effects for the provision of targeted support and assistance which Member States are obliged to offer throughout the arrival, registration and asylum procedures. Some individuals do not disclose disabilities to the police, social services or migration authorities for fear this may affect their asylum application.

2. Health screening, an important step in process of identifying disabilities and victims of torture, is often subject to long waiting periods. Screening also tends to focus on 'visible' impairments. It also relies on the expertise of individual staff which further reduces the likelihood of migrants with disabilities receiving the particular protection that is granted them as 'vulnerable people' under EU law.

3. Mental health problems, relating to trauma both in the country of origin and along the migration route, are particularly common. However, efforts to address such issues are hampered by a lack of resources and inadequate training for relevant staff in reception and detention centres. For women in particular, mental health issues are often linked to experiences of gender-based and sexual violence.

(...)

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AIDA 16-08-17:

Italien/ New OSAR report on reception conditions till sidans topp

The Swiss Refugee Council (OSAR) has published a report regarding the reception conditions in Italy. OSAR calls for an obligation to investigate individual cases regarding reception and accommodation before Dublin transfers are carried out from other countries.

OSAR detected systemic deficiencies in the Italian reception system for asylum seekers and beneficiaries of international protection. The Italian reception system does not seem to be coherent, comprehensive and sustainable. The accommodation situation seems to be particularly problematic. Reception and access to the asylum procedure are not always ensured and services are often based on short-term emergency measures. The interface between the different players works poorly; it often depends on contingency if a person will be connected to the offices or persons responsible or to the designated accommodation. Consequently, persons may end up on the streets without any support. This conclusion applies for asylum seekers as well as for persons, which have already received international protection in Italy. A greater part of support and services that are to be provided for state is in fact provided by NGOs. Consequently, Italy does not live up to its obligations under the EU Asylum acquis and international law.

Given this analysis, OSAR calls in particular for the following measures regarding persons under a Dublin procedure with a possible transfer to Italy:

+ In-depth investigations in all individual cases looking at the individual reception situation in Italy.

+ Individual guarantees for persons with special rights ("vulnerable persons" or "persons with special needs") and for families regarding accommodation, family unity and adequate medical support, before a transfer decisions is taken.

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 160509:

UNHCR 16-05-02:

Australien/ UNHCR calls for immediate movement of refugees to humane conditions till sidans topp

UNHCR is deeply saddened by the tragic death of the refugee who sustained fatal burns during the incident at the Nauru refugee settlement last week. UNHCR had been on Nauru undertaking a monitoring mission in relation to arrangements in place for the asylum-seekers and refugees transferred from Australia, and three staff were present at the site of the incident, though the man had not been interviewed by UNHCR or doctors accompanying the mission. UNHCR is continuing to seek further information regarding an incident on Nauru today in which a Somali woman is reported to have also sustained serious burns.

UNHCR undertakes regular visits to offshore processing sites to monitor the situation of refugees and asylum seekers, including on seven separate occasions to Nauru since 2012.

There is no doubt that the current policy of offshore processing and prolonged detention is immensely harmful. There are approximately 2000 very vulnerable refugees and asylum-seekers on Manus Island and Nauru. These people have already been through a great deal, many have fled war and persecution, some have already suffered trauma. Despite efforts by the Governments of Papua New Guinea and Nauru, arrangements in both countries have proved completely untenable.

The situation of these people has deteriorated progressively over time, as UNHCR has witnessed firsthand over numerous visits since the opening of the centres. The consensus among medical experts is that conditions of detention and offshore processing do immense damage to physical and mental health. UNHCR's principal concern today is that these refugees and asylum-seekers are immediately moved to humane conditions with adequate support and services.

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Refugees.dk 16-04-06:

Danmark/ Et asylsystem i konflikt med sig selv till sidans topp

I gennem 30 år har de danske asylcentre snublet i sine egne modsatrettede mål om kontrol og omsorg. Forfatteren har skrevet ph.d. om emnet.

Af Katrine Syppli Kohl

Da det første danske asylcenter slog dørene op i 1984 var det som svar på en flygtningekrise, der minder om nutidens. Indtil da var spontanflygtninge, som man kaldte dem dengang, gennem en årrække blevet indkvarteret på billige hoteller og pensionater i København, mens deres sag blev behandlet. De fleste flygtninge, der kom til Danmark fra 1950'erne til de første år af 1980'erne var i et eller andet omfang inviteret af den danske regering. Det var under den Kolde Krig, og afhoppere var velkomne, fordi de blev anset for at stemme med fødderne.

I 1980'erne skulle billedet imidlertid ændre sig. Samme år, som asylcenteret ser dagens lys som praktisk løsning på et akut behov for at skaffe tag over hovedet til asylmigranter, bliver to nye ord så almindeligt udbredte, at de kommer med på Sprognævnets liste over nye ord i dansk. Det ene er 'asylansøger', det andet 'bekvemmelighedsflygtning'. Disse to skikkelser er i langt højere grad end tidligere tiders 'flygtninge' under mistanke for ikke at være rigtige flygtninge på flugt fra krig, men lykkeriddere, der misbruger asylsystemet til at skabe sig bedre levevilkår. Ændringen i sproget reflekterer en ændring i opfattelsen af flygtninge, der skal få konsekvenser for den måde, fremtidens asylmigranter bliver behandlet på.

Røde Kors tilbyder sig

Den bratte stigning i antallet af spontanflygtninge gjorde det praktisk og økonomisk umuligt at bevare hotelløsningen. I stedet takkede de danske udlændingemyndigheder ja til et tilbud fra Røde Kors om at tage sig af flygtningene i ventetiden. Røde Kors åbnede det første asylcenter med få timers varsel en augustaften, hvor myndighederne manglede logi til et halvt hundrede iranere.

(...)

Hela artikeln (Extern länk)

Läs mer från Refugees.dk:

Refugees.dk 16-04-25: Asylansøgere spærres inde som kriminelle (Extern länk)

Refugees.dk 16-04-16: Sverige og Tyskland inspireres af Danmark (Extern länk)

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ECRE 16-05-06:

Italien/ Violation of the right to asylum reported at the Police Station in Milan till sidans topp

ECRE member ASGI in collaboration with the Italian organisations APN and NAGA, have highlighted a worrying practice taking place at the police station ("Questura") in Milan, whereby people asking for international protection who are not deemed in clear need of it, without any proper assessment, are handed an expulsion order on the spot, without any assessment of their protection claims.

On arrival at the police station, asylum seekers are handed a very short questionnaire allegedly used to determine whether there is a clear need of international protection or whether the person is an 'economic migrant'. In the latter case, people are immediately handed an expulsion order. According to information provided by the organisations to ECRE, this practice seems particularly common with people who are not accompanied by a lawyer or social worker when making their asylum claim, and are thus more vulnerable and have less knowledge of their legal rights in the matter. When the expulsion order has been challenged by legal practitioners on behalf of the claimants, such orders have been quashed.

Interpreters are rarely available for asylum seekers, and lawyers and social workers are increasingly obstructed from assisting their clients and accompanying them to the police station. This practice would constitute an attempt to replicate the "hotspots" model and would be in clear violation of a Ministerial communication ("Circolare Morcone" of early 2016) explicitly stating that denying the possibility to present an asylum claim is illegal. Member States also have an obligation under EU law to carry out an individual assessment of any asylum claim.

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Arkiveringsdatum 160422:

FRA 16-04-20:

Europa/ Addressing the migration healthcare challenge till sidans topp

Many people have put their health at risk travelling to and through the EU because of upheavals in their home countries that have led to the current migration situation. The infections, diseases migrants have caught alongside the psychological damage they have suffered pose challenges for healthcare systems of frontline countries. This has been thrown under the spotlight in the latest FRA summary report of migration-related fundamental rights concerns drawing on data from the nine Member States most affected by the migration flows.

While the right to health is a basic right, FRA found differences in the provision of healthcare across the nine Member States covered by its monthly data collection. For example:

+ In most Member States, health screenings target asylum seekers; in a few Member States they target all newly-arrived migrants.

+ In some Member States, the health screening only identifies cases of communicable diseases; in others it also identifies individual health needs and people belonging to vulnerable groups.

+ No Member State collects systematic data on the health of newly-arrived migrants and asylum seekers and on their use of the healthcare system.

+ Most Member States do not have specific mechanisms in place to prevent violence against women in reception or detention centres.

Under EU Directives, Member States should provide necessary healthcare which includes, at least, emergency care and essential treatment of illnesses. According to the data collected, a number of healthcare challenges in reception centres were identified. These included: limited entitlements to healthcare; practical/administrative barriers; cost of treatment and/or medicines; limited availability of healthcare professionals; poor sanitation conditions and overcrowded spaces; lack of interpreters.

(...)

Hela meddelandet (Extern länk)

FRA Thematic focus: Healthcare (Extern länk)

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Asylnytt 16-04-00:

Ungern/ Finlands högsta förvaltningsdomstol stoppar överföringar till Ungern till sidans topp

Finlands högsta förvaltningsdomstol fattade den 20 april beslut om att en man skulle få sin asylansökan behandlad i Finland, trots att Ungern accepterat att ta tillbaka honom enligt Dublinförordningen. Mannen tillhör inte någon särskilt utsatt grupp. Domstolen bedömer att det finns skäl att anta att det finns systematiska brister i Ungerns mottagande. Utifrån från den landinformation som fanns var det enligt domstolen inte säkert att en tillbakasändning till Ungern inte skulle strida mot EU:s rättighetsstadga eller artikel 3 i Europakonventionen om mänskliga rättigheter. Domstolen väger in principen om "benefit of the doubt" och skriver att i den osäkra situationen ska saken avgöras till den sökandes fördel.

Referat från den finska domstolen (Extern länk)

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FARR 16-04-20:

Grekland/ EU:s avtal med Turkiet - rapport från Grekland till sidans topp

I Sverige diskuteras om det kommer tillräckligt få flyktingar, eller om "vi" fortfarande behöver andrum. Samtidigt, i Grekland: 53.000 människor är fast, väntar på en osäker omlokalisering, i tillfälliga läger i hamnstäder, vid gränserna eller inlåsta i förvar. De nyanlända efter den 19 mars hålls fängslade på öarna i väntan på en snabb "asylprocedur" som förväntas sluta med deportation till Turkiet för de flesta. I Turkiet, som nu genom EU:s avtal deklareras både som säkert första asylland och som säkert tredje land, får de flesta asylsökande fortfarande klara sig på egen hand. Nyanlända deporteras till grannländerna - Turkiet är inte något säkert land enligt samstämmiga rapporter.

FARR:s Annette Rosengren rapporterar direkt från Grekland om avtalet och konsekvenserna.

Vad står det i avtalet?

I korthet innebär avtalet följande: Alla irreguljära migranter som har kommit till de grekiska öarna från Turkiet från 20 mars 2016 och framåt ska skickas tillbaka till Turkiet om de inte har rätt till internationellt skydd. Detsamma gäller asylsökande som visar sig inte ha rätt till skydd i Grekland. För varje syrier som skickas tillbaka ska en annan syrier omlokaliseras till EU. För detta ska EU betala 3 plus 3 miljarder euro till Turkiet, slopa visumkrav för turkiska medborgare, påskynda processen för att Turkiet ska bli medlem i EU m.m. Pengarna ska användas för att förbättra syriers situation i Turkiet med mat, tak över huvudet, utbildning och sjukvård.

(...)

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Amnesty International 16-04- 07:

Grekland/ Refugees detained in dire conditions amid rush to implement EU-Turkey deal till sidans topp

Thousands of refugees and migrants are being held arbitrarily in appalling conditions amid growing uncertainty, fear and despair over their fate under the new EU-Turkey refugee deal, Amnesty International said, after obtaining access to two highly restricted detention centres on the Greek islands of Lesvos and Chios.

On 5 and 6 April, an Amnesty International research team were granted access to two closed detention centres, Moria on Lesvos and VIAL on Chios. A total of around 4,200 people are currently detained at the two sites. Most arrived on the Greek islands after the EU-Turkey deal took effect on 20 March. Some of them have been detained for a fortnight or more.

Amnesty International's team interviewed 89 refugees and migrants on Lesvos and Chios. In the detention centres, Amnesty International saw or spoke to a large number of vulnerable people including mothers with babies, small children and people with disabilities, trauma and serious illnesses.

"On the edge of Europe, refugees are trapped with no light at the end of the tunnel. A setup that is so flawed, rushed and ill-prepared is ripe for mistakes, trampling the rights and well-being of some of the most vulnerable people," said Gauri van Gulik, Deputy Director for Europe at Amnesty International.

"People detained on Lesvos and Chios have virtually no access to legal aid, limited access to services and support, and hardly any information about their current status or possible fate. The fear and desperation are palpable."

From reception to detention

"I escaped Syria to avoid jail, but now I am in prison," a Syrian man in his late 20s told Amnesty International inside Moria detention centre.

(...)

Hela uttalandet (Extern länk)

Human Rights Watch 16-04-14: Asylum seekers locked up - Wretched conditions for people in need (Extern länk)

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Amnesty International 16-04-18:

Europa måste dela på ansvaret för flyktingarna och migranterna till sidans topp

När allt fokus ligger på hur den så kallade "Turkietöverenskommelsen" ska implementeras, riskerar den svåra situationen för de 46 000 flyktingar och migranter som befinner sig på det grekiska fastlandet att glömmas bort, det konstaterar Amnesty International i en ny rapport idag.

Rapporten, Trapped in Greece: an avoidable refugee crisis, granskar situationen för de flyktingar och migranter, majoriteten av dem kvinnor och barn, som är fångade på det grekiska fastlandet efter det att den makedonska gränsen stängdes helt den 7 mars.

- Beslutet att stänga västra Balkan-rutten har orsakat att 46 000 flyktingar och migranter nu befinner sig under hemska förhållanden och i ett tillstånd av konstant rädsla och osäkerhet, säger John Dalhusien, chef för Amnestys Europa- och Centralasienavdelning

- Om inte EU:s ledare nu agerar snabbt för att leva upp till sitt löfte om omfördelning och förbättrar villkoren för strandsatta flyktingar och migranter kommer de att stå inför en katastrof som de själva har skapat.

Av de 66 400 asylsökande som skulle ha blivit omfördelade från Grekland i september 2015 har bara 615 blivit överförda till andra EU-länder, enligt information från Europeiska kommissionen den 12 april.

Förhållandena är bristfälliga på flera av de 31 tillfälliga boendeplatserna. Boendena, som ordnats av Grekland med betydande hjälp från EU, är överfulla, det saknas helt möjlighet till privatliv, det finns ingen värme och det finns inte tillräckligt med sanitära utrymmen.

"Förhållandena här är inte bra och vi sover på golvet, våra filtar är dyngsura av vatten. Det finns inga badrum. Det här är varför folk blir sjuka." Så sa en syrisk kvinna som var gravid i nionde månaden som Amnesty pratade med i ett provisoriskt läger i Idomeni.

(...)

Hela pressmeddelandet (Extern länk)

Läs pressmeddelande på engelska och ladda ner rapporten (Extern länk)

SvT Utrikes 16-04-18: Amnesty International: Strandsatta flyktingar en humanitär katastrof (Extern länk)

Se även:

Europarådet 16-04-20: Anti-torture Committee visits "hotspots" in Greece (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 160408:

AIDA 16-04-01:

Europa/ Wrong counts and closing doors: New AIDA comparative report on reception till sidans topp

A new AIDA comparative report, published today, discusses Europe's ongoing failure to find humane responses to the plight of refugees, leading to severe difficulties in ensuring reception for those seeking asylum.

The report demonstrates that the inability of reception systems to adapt to higher numbers of asylum seekers is a structural challenge throughout Europe. This has been the case in countries receiving the majority of refugees and migrants, but equally in those faced with much smaller increases in the number of arrivals. While some countries have shown great readiness to find accommodation solutions for the newly arrived, other states - often presented as countries of transit - have not enhanced their reception capacity even in the face of political commitments to do so at the Western Balkan Leaders' Meeting of October 2015. The lack of sufficient accommodation places has driven many persons in need of protection into inadequate living conditions and destitution.

A central challenge to the operation of reception systems has been the obligation of states to identify vulnerabilities and provide appropriate reception to persons with special needs. Vulnerable persons such as unaccompanied children have been unduly subjected to detention due to the unavailability of appropriate reception places, not least in countries of first arrival. The implementation of the "hotspot" approach in Italy and Greece has reinforced the risk of detention of asylum seekers and migrants, contrary to states' obligations.

(...)

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Läs eller hämta rapporten (Extern länk)

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Europarådets parlament 16-03-22:

The need for collective action and equitable sharing of responsibilities till sidans topp

"Europe has so far failed to find a proper, sustainable response to the refugee and migration crisis in the Western Balkans. Mutual trust and confidence have been undermined by unilateral actions". Furthermore, in Europe "the focus has shifted to border controls"; "the only apparent response to all other problems is money", said the PACE Committee on Migration, meeting in Tbilisi today.

Adopting a draft resolution based on the report by Tineke Strik (Netherlands, SOC), the Committee underlined "the need for collective action and equitable sharing of responsibility", with full respect for the human rights of refugees and migrants and the basic principles of international and European law.

The adopted text calls on the "the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia", Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia, Greece and Austria to ensure compliance with the principle of non-refoulement at their borders of asylum-seekers claiming international protection, to refrain from implementing policies that deny access to protection on discriminatory grounds of nationality and to ensure that police and security forces implement border control without recourse to excessive force.

For its part, the EU should ensure that human rights are given priority and that relevant EU law is implemented in full by all member states, in particular the reception conditions, asylum procedures and refugee status qualification directives. The Dublin system should be reformed with a view to a more equitable sharing of responsibility.

In presenting her report to the Committee, the rapporteur said that she intended to monitor the situation, particularly in the light of the recent agreement between the EU and Turkey, in order to ensure that the Assembly was kept up-to-date with the latest developments in the debate during the April part-session.

Hämta rapporten (Extern länk)

ECRE 16-03-26: PACE Migration Committee calls for collective action in response to situation in Western Balkans (Extern länk)

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Human Rights Watch 16-03-24:

Grekland/ Humanitarian Crisis at Athens Port till sidans topp

EU, Greek authorities should urgently address needs

-Thousands of asylum seekers and migrants at the Athens port of Piraeus face appalling conditions as the crisis for people trapped in Greece due to border closures intensifies, Human Rights Watch said today. The lack of government involvement, poor organization, and scarce resources, as well as lack of information, anxiety, and fear about the new European Union-Turkey deal, are contributing to insecurity and suffering.

"Pregnant women, people with disabilities, and young children in particular are stuck in limbo without dignity or hope," said Eva Cossé, Greece specialist at Human Rights Watch. "The suffering in Piraeus is a direct consequence of Europe's failure to respond in a legal and compassionate way to the crisis on its shores."

In a visit to Piraeus from March 8 to 22, 2016, Human Rights Watch interviewed more than 45 asylum seekers and migrants who had recently arrived at the port from Greek Aegean islands or Greece's border with the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. An estimated 5,000 women, men, and children are sleeping in squalid, unsanitary, and unsafe conditions in passenger waiting areas, in an old warehouse, in tents outdoors, and even under trucks.

In the absence of any visible government support or personnel, the day-to-day operation of the camps is dependent on volunteers. These volunteers work to coordinate, among other things, the provision of tents, blankets, food, and clothing; identify vulnerable groups; and provide activities for children. For the most part, medical care is provided by aid groups.

(...)

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Europarådet 16-03-31:

Cypern/ Europarådets mr-kommissionär: Cyprus should enhance refugee protection till sidans topp

"Despite some progress made in immigration law and policy, Cyprus' asylum system still suffers from a number of shortcomings that need to be urgently redressed", said today Nils Mui?nieks, Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights, while releasing a report based on his visit to Cyprus carried out from 7 to 11 December 2015. The report focuses on the human rights of asylum seekers, refugees and immigrants and on the impact of the economic crisis on vulnerable social groups.

While welcoming some positive developments, such as the increase of refugee status recognition rates and the end of the practice of detaining Syrian asylum seekers, the Commissioner recommends remedying the long-standing problems of the asylum system, including lengthy procedures, limited access to legal aid and the risk of deportation before the final determination of asylum claims.

Concerns remain about the widespread use of lengthy detention of failed asylum seekers and of other migrants and the practice of re-arresting and re-detaining them. "Cyprus must end the practice of detaining migrants, including asylum seekers, for whom there is no reasonable prospect of deportation." The Commissioner also calls on Cyprus to improve the identification procedure of particularly vulnerable migrants, such as unaccompanied children, adopt a multidisciplinary approach to determine the age of migrants, ease family reunification rules and improve the reception system for asylum seekers with families and children.

Concerned about the existence of many obstacles to migrants' integration, the Commissioner invites Cyprus to invest more in social cohesion and integration of migrants by enhancing, in particular, their access to education, employment, health services and political participation. "In this context, it is also crucial to effectively fight and sanction hate speech and other forms of hate crime targeting migrants. Cyprus should also prevent statelessness and improve migrants' access to citizenship".

(...)

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Kommissionärens rapport (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 160315:

UNHCR 16-03-11:

Internationellt/ UNHCR and World Taekwondo Federation partner on training in camps till sidans topp

UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, has signed an agreement in Geneva with the World Taekwondo Federation (WTF) that will make it easier for thousands of refugees across the Middle East, Asia, Africa and Europe to enjoy the Olympic sport and martial art of taekwondo and keep healthy.

The WTF, through a newly created Taekwondo Humanitarian Foundation, will provide coaches and equipment for pilot taekwondo programmes already launched in two camps for Syrian refugees - Kilis in Turkey, and Jordan's Za'atari.

New projects will also bring taekwondo to male and female refugees of all ages in Colombia, Ethiopia, Ghana and Greece.

"UNHCR is constantly looking for ways to improve the lives of refugees, and the agreement is one avenue to do that," said Daniel Endres, Director of External Relations. "I thank the WTF for proactively volunteering their services to assist refugees with sports and peace education. I look forward to working with them in the months and years ahead."

The projects in Kilis and Za'atari have been very popular and have helped keep people fit, occupied and with hope, especially young practitioners. A third programme was launched two months ago in Sindhupalchowk, Nepal.

UNHCR believes that the opportunity empowers refugees worldwide. The Refugee Agency congratulates the WTF for their humanitarian efforts, and looks forward to a partnership that will improve the livelihoods of refugees worldwide.

The programs are envisaged to help overcome a key problem in many refugee camps, which is their lack of educational, sporting and leisure facilities.

"We believe that teaching exercise, sport and the martial art of taekwondo in camps is an effective way to empower refugees. Basic taekwondo requires no equipment, no playing field, no bat, no ball - just the human body," said WTF President Chungwon Choue.

(...)

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Asylnytt 16-03-00:

Ungern/ Domstol: Brott mot Europakonventionen att överföra vissa till Ungern till sidans topp

Beslut från Migrationsdomstol: Migrationsdomstolen i Stockholm (förvaltningsrätten) stoppade i början av mars två beslut om överföring till Ungern enligt Dublinförordningen, och återförde ärendena till Migrationsverket. Ärendena gällde överföringar av asylsökande som rest in i Ungern via Serbien. Detta på grund av att dessa personer annars skulle riskera att utsättas för omänsklig eller förnedrande behandling i strid med Europakonventionen för mänskliga rättigheter. Dagen därpå meddelade Migrationsverket att verket inte delar migrationsdomstolens bedömning. Ärendena kommer att överklagas till Migrationsöverdomstolen (kammarrätten). I väntan på Migrationsöverdomstolens beslut stoppar Migrationsverket alla överföringar till Ungern. Saken är alltså inte avgjord. Migrationsverket fortsätter fatta beslut om överföringar till Ungern, men överföringarna verkställs tills vidare inte.

Migrationsdomstolens pressmeddelande (Extern länk)

FARR 16-03-10: Migrationsverket stoppar överföringar till Ungern men överklagar (Extern länk)

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EASO 16-03-10:

Serbien/ Protection-sensitive migration management programme launched in Belgrade till sidans topp

EASO, the European Commission and Frontex, together with representatives of IOM and UNHCR launched an EU-funded programme for pre-accession assistance in the field of protection-sensitive migration management during an official kick-off conference in Belgrade. This regional support programme for the countries of the Western Balkans and Turkey aims to establish a harmonized, effective and protection-sensitive migration management in line with EU standards. The element of protection-sensitive migration management runs as a red thread through the programme and stresses that international protection aspects should be taken into consideration throughout the whole migration management process.

Pressmeddelande (Extern länk till pdf-fil)

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Amnesty International 16-03-04:

Grekland/ Humanitarian crisis in Greece amid EU paralysis till sidans topp

Thousands of refugees, asylum seekers and migrants are trapped in Greece in dire conditions, with no access to protection due to arbitrary and discriminatory border closures on the Western Balkans route. As thousands are arriving, the humanitarian situation will deteriorate unless EU states urgently start accepting refugees from Greece.

Läs mer (Extern länk)

Unicef 16-03-02: Barn på flykt drabbas hårdast av stängda gränser (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 160301:

Migrationsverket 16-02-23:

Libyen/ Thematic Report: Palestinians & Syrians in Libya till sidans topp

Summary:

The non-Libyan Arab community in Libya has traditionally had a favourable position. Arab foreign nationals were not regarded as foreigners in Libya, unlike other immigrants, but were instead regarded as fellow Arabs. Arabs started coming to the country in the 1950s, at first to boost up the public sector, but later also to work in the private sector.

(...)

Syrians and Palestinians have also been affected by the recent turmoil that broke out in Libya in May 2014. Libyans' earlier perception of Syrians and Palestinians as fellow Arabs appears to have changed since the mid-2014 crises, as they are increasingly being regarded as unwanted foreigners. In addition, they are being blamed as scapegoats for the unfolding events and are rumored to be linked to radical groups. Syrians and Palestinians are also victims of the escalating level of crime, such as theft, violence and abductions, brought about by the exacerbated situation. This in turn has pushed thousands of them to take the perilous journey across the Mediterranean to Europe. Some Palestinians and Syrians are reported to have been detained before their journey even began. In addition, restrictive entry/exit measures undertaken by neighboring countries, such as Egypt and Tunisia, have further hampered their possibility to leave Libya.

The upsurge in the number of foreign fighters joining various extremist groups in Libya, some of which have declared their allegiances to the Islamic State (IS), has prompted the internationally recognized government in Tubruq to impose an entry ban on Palestinians and Syrians. However, the status and the extent of the implementation of the ban remain unclear.

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UNICEF 16-02-26:

Östeuropa/ Nya stödcenter ska hjälpa barn på flykt i Europa till sidans topp

För att skydda det ökade antalet barn på flykt i Europa etablerar nu UNICEF tillsammans med UNHCR 20 särskilda stödcenter längs med de mest trafikerade flyktvägarna.

Stödcentren som kallas "Blue Dot hubs" ska erbjuda barnen och deras familjer en trygg plats att vila ut på och få viktigt stöd och skydd på en och samma plats. Målet är att stötta utsatta familjer på flykt, särskilt de många ensamma barn som riskerar sjukdomar, våld och utnyttjande.

De första centren har öppnat, eller öppnar snart, i Grekland, Makedonien, Serbien, Kroatien och Slovenien. Alla 20 kommer att vara öppnade inom tre månader.

- Barn på flykt har fått sina liv vända upp och ner. Varje steg på vägen har varit en prövning för dem. Stödcentren kommer att erbjuda trygghet, hjälp och stöd, som är varje barns rättighet. Centren kommer också att bidra till starkare nationella skyddssystem för barn, säger Marie-Pierre Poirier, UNICEFs särskilda koordinator för flyktingkrisen i Europa.

Stödcentren kommer att vara mycket lätta att känna igen och erbjuder ett gemensamt paket av tjänster från flera olika organisationer. Centren övertar dock inte staternas ansvar och skyldighet att göra allt de kan för att skydda ensamma barn och att förebygga sexuellt och könsbaserat våld.

"Blue Dots"-centren kommer att finnas på strategiska platser som gränsövergångar, registreringsplatser och i städer, men också på andra platser med hjälp av mobila team. Några exempel på vad som kommer att erbjudas:

+ Familjeåterförening

+ Barnvänliga trygga platser och särskilda platser för mammor och bebisar

+ Privata rum för rådgivning

+ Psykosocialt stöd

(...)

Läs mer (Extern länk)

UNHCR 16-02-26: UNHCR, UNICEF launch hubs to boost protection for children and families (Extern länk)

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ECRE 16-02-26:

Grekland/ ECRE Comments on the reinstatement of Dublin transfers to Greece till sidans topp

ECRE has published comments on the European Commission's Recommendation on the urgent measures to be taken in view of the resumption of Dublin transfers to Greece. Transfers to Greece have been suspended since 2011, following judgments of the European Court of Human Rights and the Court of Justice of the European Union.

ECRE draws on up-to-date information on the state of the Greek asylum system to express concerns about ongoing shortcomings in several areas. Access to the asylum procedure remains hampered by the limited presence of the Asylum Service across the Greek territory, as well as by persisting problems in the Skype pre-registration system at the Regional Asylum Office in Attica. For those who successfully lodge an asylum claim, the Greek government's intention to declare Turkey a "safe third country", and to reject claims as inadmissible so as to return applicants thereto, is liable to create real risks of refoulement. Risks of arbitrary detention in substandard conditions are also highlighted, particularly in respect of specific nationalities which have been systematically placed in pre-removal centres.

As regards the issue of reception conditions, ECRE is concerned by the Commission's assessment of reception capacity in Greece. The general figure of 17,628 places communicated on 10 February 2016 not only misleadingly includes pre-removal detention places and other detention facilities (First Reception Centres), but also portrays temporary accommodation solutions (such as the Elliniko hockey stadium in Athens) as reception structures. Given that less than 1,500 places are available in second-line reception for persons applying for international protection, the Hotspot Progress Report misrepresents Greece's capacity to host asylum seekers and underestimates palpable risks of destitution.

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 160217:

EU-parlamentet 16-02-15:

Turkiet/ Ledamöter på plats för att bedöma hanteringen av flyktingkrisen till sidans topp

Gülhan studerade fysik vid Latakias Tishreen-universitetet när inbördeskriget startade i Syrien, och bromsade hennes lovande karriär. Vid 32 års ålder har hon redan spenderat fyra år i flyktinglägret Osmaniye i södra Turkiet, en tillvaro som blivit rutin för henne och hennes tre små barn. Konflikten i Syrien har resulterat i världens största humanitära katastrof sedan andra världskriget, och förra veckan besökte två delegationer ledda av Sylvie Guillaume och Jean Arthuis några av de drabbade.

Gülhan är syrier av turkisk härkomst: Hennes historia var bara en av de många som ledamöterna i utskotten för medborgerliga fri- och rättigheter respektive för budgetfrågor fick lyssna på när de besökte flyktingläger i Turkiet den 8-11 februari. Efter närmare fem år av strider har fler än 250 000 syrier förlorat sina liv, och Gülhan är bara en av över 11 miljoner syrier som tvingats fly.

Bara Turkiet huserar över 2,5 miljoner syriska flyktingar. Därför enades EU:s medlemsländer den 3 februari om en 3 miljarder euro stor stödmekanism för att hjälpa landet hantera det enorma inflödet flyktingar. Dessutom har under de två senaste veckorna tiotusentals människor flytt våldet i Aleppo-området, och samlats längs Turkiets södra gräns, vilket ytterligare ökar trycket på landet.

Delegation från utskottet för medborgerliga fri- och rättigheter

Det var också i det sammanhanget som ledamöter besökte flyktinganläggningar i Turkiet under förra veckan. En sju ledamöter stor delegation från utskottet för medborgerliga fri- och rättigheter, ledd av parlamentets vice-talman Sylvie Guillaume (S&D, Frankrike) besökte flyktinglägret Nizip den 9 februari. Under besöket på lägret, där cirka 15 000 syrier lever och som ligger cirka 45 kilometer från gränsen till Syrien sade Guillaume att:

- Parlamentets budskap handlar om förståelse och erkännande av de insatser som turkiska myndigheter och lokala samhällen gör.

(...)

Hela pressmeddelandet (Extern länk)

UNHCR 16-02-09: UNHCR Statement on the Situation in Turkey (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 160209:

Amnesty International 16-02-02:

Libanon/ Refugee women from Syria face risk of exploitation and sexual harassment till sidans topp

Shortfalls in international assistance and discriminatory policies imposed by the Lebanese authorities are creating conditions that facilitate the exploitation and abuse of women refugees in Lebanon, said Amnesty International in a new report published ahead of the Syria Donors Conference in London on 4 February.

The report, 'I want a safe place': Refugee women from Syria uprooted and unprotected in Lebanon, highlights how the Lebanese government's refusal to renew residency permits for refugees and a shortage of international funding, leaves refugee women in a precarious position, and puts them at risk of exploitation by people in positions of power including landlords, employers and even the police.

"The combination of a significant shortage in international funding for the refugee crisis and strict restrictions imposed on refugees by the Lebanese authorities, is fuelling a climate in which refugee women from Syria are at risk of harassment and exploitation and are unable to seek protection from the authorities," said Kathryn Ramsay, Gender Researcher at Amnesty International.

In 2015, Lebanon stopped the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) from registering any more Syrian refugees and introduced new regulations making it difficult for refugees to renew their residency status. Without proper legal status they face arbitrary arrest, detention and even deportation leaving many afraid to report abuse to police.

Twenty percent of Syrian refugee households in Lebanon are headed by women. In some cases women became the main income providers supporting the family after their husbands were killed, detained, forcibly disappeared or abducted in Syria.

(...)

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Hämta rapporten (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 160119:

Läkare Utan Gränser 16-01-13:

Frankrike/ Läkare Utan Gränser bygger flyktingläger i Frankrike till sidans topp

Idag börjar Läkare Utan gränser bygga upp ett flyktingläger i den franska staden Grande-Synthe nära Dunkerque. Organisationen sätter upp 500 tält för runt 2 500 personer som för närvarande lever under ovärdiga förhållanden i området.

- Människorna i Grande-Synthe bokstavligen sover i leran. Det är kallt och de hygieniska förhållandena är katastrofala, säger Läkare Utan Gränsers projektansvarige André Jincq.

Det kommer att ta runt en månad att sätta upp lägret. Bygget av flyktinglägret betalas helt av Läkare Utan Gränser, den franska regeringen ansvarar inte för lägret.

- Vi samarbetar med de lokala myndigheterna i Grande-Synthe. Borgmästaren vände sig till oss, eftersom han inte fick hjälp från den franska regeringen och antalet flyktingar har ökat snabbt, säger André Jincq.

- I början på oktober tillbringade 800 människor nätterna här, nu är det runt 2500. De flesta är kurder som väntar på att åka vidare till Storbritannien, däribland många familjer och små barn.

Trots att läget är akut tog det lång tid tills bygget kunde påbörjas på grund av höga krav gällande brandsäkerhet. Detta kan anses ironiskt, eftersom brandrisken är mycket hög i det nuvarande, provisoriska lägret där människorna måste göra upp eld för att hålla värmen. Läkare Utan Gränser tillhandahåller sjukvård i det befintliga lägret och har regelbundet behandlat patienter med brännskador.

När det nya lägret har byggts kommer flyktingarna alltid att ha möjlighet att lämna lägret om de vill.

- Vår avsikt är inte att låsa in flyktingarna här i lägret. Vi vill endast erbjuda tak över huvudet för att människorna ska kunna klara vintern under mänskliga och värdiga förhållanden.

Läkare Utan Gränser kommer även fortsätta att ge sjukvård i det nya lägret i Grande-Synthe.

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Europarådet 16-01-13:

Ungern/ Risk of human rights violations for asylum seekers returned to Hungary till sidans topp

"Due to sweeping changes introduced in Hungary in asylum law and practice over recent months, asylum seekers returned there run a considerable risk of being subject to human rights violations" said today Commissioner Muiznieks while publishing the written observations he submitted on 17 December to the European Court of Human Rights in relation to two complaints against Austria concerning the transfer of the applicants from Austria to Hungary under the Dublin III Regulation.

Basing his observations on his visit to Hungary carried out from 24 to 27 November 2015, the Commissioner stresses that in recent months a considerable proportion of those returned to Hungary under the Dublin III Regulation were detained in asylum detention centres - where a restrictive detention regime applies - without real access to effective remedies against such detention.

The Commissioner also notes that persons currently returned to Hungary under the Dublin III Regulation do not, as a rule, have their asylum applications examined on the merits. This is due to Hungarian legislation that considers Serbia - the country through which the vast majority of asylum seeekers initially arrived to Hungary - as a safe third country. "This situation not only deprives asylum seekers of the right to have their claims properly assessed, but also exposes them to a very high risk of being subjected to deportation to Serbia and to further refoulement to other countries, with the corresponding risk of treatment contrary to the European Convention on Human Rights."

Third party interventions represent an additional tool at the Commissioner's disposal to help promote and protect human rights. They are foreseen by the European Convention on Human Rights and are based on the Commissioner's country and thematic activities. These observations do not include any comments on the facts or merits of the case, but provide objective and impartial information to the Court on aspects of concern to the Commissioner.

Hämta skrivelsen från mr-kommissionären till Europadomstolen (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 160112:

ECRE 16-01-08:

Österrike/ Navigating the Maze: ECRE publishes report following fact-finding visit till sidans topp

ECRE has published a report this week on a fact-finding visit to Austria conducted at the beginning of December 2015. It reveals obstacles to accessing protection in the country and documents the shortcomings in the reception system.

The report finds severe restrictions on asylum seekers' access to the procedure, stemming from severe delays in even the first stages of registration - such as the first interview with the police (Erstbefragung) - as well as from the legal formalities attached to registration. The latter may often not be completed if there is no reception place available for the applicant.

Additionally, the use of Dublin procedures, even where there is no prospect of transferring a person to another country, further impedes access to the Austrian asylum process, while people may wait for over a year for a substantive decision by the asylum authority on their claim.

This state of legal limbo is coupled with an escalating phenomenon of homelessness or inadequate accommodation, thereby running the risk of making destitution part of the asylum system itself. The report highlights that over 7,000 asylum seekers are currently residing in transit centres for a long period of time. These generally consist of big halls or tents with rows of beds; offering some sanitary facilities, but not meant for long-term use. These conditions are not in compliance with the recast Reception Conditions Directive as they offer little if any privacy, no special provisions for vulnerable persons, no trained staff and substandard sanitary conditions.

These observations are corroborated by the findings of the updated AIDA report on Austria, published in December 2015.

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Arkiveringsdatum 151230:

AIDA 15-12-23:

Turkiet/ AIDA Update: less reception, more detention following EU-Turkey Action Plan till sidans topp

The updated AIDA report on Turkey provides detailed information on the country's evolving international protection system. It outlines the current state of transition to the new legal framework laid down by the Law on Foreigners and International Protection (LFIP) and recent changes in UNHCR's special role in Turkey as a 'complementary' protection actor. On 18 May 2015, the Directorate-General for Migration Management (DGMM) announced that the transitional arrangement with the Police, under which police authorities continued to handle asylum caseloads, came to an end. Provincial DGMM Directorates were authorised to issue decisions on international protection applications as of 1 July 2015.

Documenting the situation of reception conditions and detention to date, the report, written by Refugee Rights Turkey, explains that Turkey currently only has one operational reception centre, in the province of Yozgat in Eastern Turkey. Out of 6 planned centres only one located in Erzurum will be dedicated to the reception and accommodation of asylum seekers, while the remaining 5 are to become detention centres, following the EU-Turkey Action Plan of 29 November 2015.

DGMM, which finalised the takeover of the administration of detention centres in November 2015, has indicated plans to achieve a detention capacity of 10,000 places across the country by June 2016.

At the same time, DGMM has also reportedly used one of the camps established for temporary protection beneficiaries fleeing Syria, located in the Osmaniye province, as a de facto detention centre in October 2015.

Finally, a compilation of up to date statistics is presented in the updated version of the report. The new section on statistics also entails an explanatory note regarding the limitations of publicly available data on Turkish asylum system.

Meddelandet med länkar till AIDA-rapporten och andra rapporter om Turkiet (Extern länk)

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AIDA / ECRE 15-12-23:

Europa/ Updated AIDA reports on 18 European countries till sidans topp

The latest update of all 18 AIDA country reports has now been completed, providing up-to-date information on asylum procedures, reception conditions and detention.

/De flesta länkarna nedan går till ECRE:s tips och referat ur uppdateringarna:/

Germany: Dublin reinstated for all, lower protection for applicants from "safe countries of origin" (Extern länk)

The Netherlands: the introduction of a formal border procedure does not remove systematic detention (Extern länk)

Greece: asylum system suffers from persisting deficiencies in procedures and reception conditions (Extern länk)

Hungary: new asylum legislation contravenes EU rules (Extern länk)

Poland introduces a State legal aid system (Extern länk)

Belgium: asylum seekers access to international protection and reception remains a struggle (Extern länk)

Croatia substantially reforms asylum system and plans special facilities for vulnerable (Extern länk)

Cyprus: new age assessment procedure raises concerns for unaccompanied minors (Extern länk)

France: a complete reform of the asylum system (Extern länk)

Referat direkt från AIDA:

Italy: new rules on procedure and reception under asylum reform and concerns on "hotspots" (Extern länk)

Austria: obstacles to registration and accommodation under new distribution system (Extern länk)

AIDA 15-12-23: Updated AIDA reports on 18 European countries (Extern länk)

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UNHCR 15-12-21:

Ungern/ Hungary urged to refrain from policies that promote intolerance and hatred till sidans topp

the UN Refugee Agency, the Council of Europe and ODHIR - the Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights have urged Hungary to refrain from policies and practices that promote intolerance, fear and fuel xenophobia against refugees and migrants.

The Organizations have joined voices to call on the Hungarian leadership to adopt the true spirit of humanity in helping those who have been forced out of their countries against their own will and choice and are currently seeking safety in Europe.

The Hungarian Government launched a new public campaign in December, portraying those fleeing war and conflict as criminals, invaders and terrorists based on their religious beliefs and places of origin. Not the first of its kind in the country, this campaign also targets migrants and plans to run for two months through Christmas and into the new year in 2016.

The Organizations are collectively stressing the need for the Hungarian Government to acknowledge that refugees are coming to Europe, after having endured trauma, tragedy and loss while searching for hope and dignity to start a new life far from the upheavals of war and conflict. As part of the common European system, Hungary is looked upon to contribute to the joint efforts in dealing with the continent's largest refugee crisis since the World War II and to meet its international legal commitments in this area under both International law and the European Convention on Human Rights.

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Arkiveringsdatum 151222:

ECRE 15-12-04:

Belgien/ restricts access to protection and leaves asylum seekers without shelter till sidans topp

In the past week, many asylum seekers in Belgium were prevented access to asylum procedures, including unaccompanied children and families. According to NGOs, certain measures have specifically targeted Afghan asylum seekers. In addition, hundreds of asylum seekers had no choice but to sleep in the street for several days, as emergency pre-reception facilities, where asylum seekers have been accommodated before the registration of their asylum application, are full. Thanks to citizens' solidarity, some of them could find shelter in churches and private accommodation.

Since September, the Belgian Immigration Office registers only 250 asylum application a day. Those unable to be registered are given an appointment to present themselves on another date; although these delayed appointments often exceed two weeks. This is in clear violation of the EU Directive on asylum procedures that states that asylum applications should be registered within three days, or maximum ten in case of high influx.

In the week of 21 November the situation was particularly dire: following the 21 November terror alert, the Belgian immigration office was closed on Monday. As a consequence, no one was registered. On Tuesday, all Afghan asylum seekers who were queuing to apply for asylum, were prevented from doing so. On Wednesday, only children and families were registered. Thus, during that week many asylum seekers could not lodge their application, many failing to get an appointment to register on another day.

This week the situation continued to be extremely difficult, with many asylum seekers forced to sleep rough. 'The government can no longer hide behind the higher influx of asylum seekers,' says Els Keytsman, director of the Flemish Refugee Action. 'Belgium is depriving people from their fundamental right to seek asylum. The Immigration Office must organise itself professionally and register all asylum seekers. Asylum seekers need to receive qualitative reception from day one.' In light of the current situation, UNHCR further stressed that Belgium is in violation of European law.

(...)

Hela artikeln med länkar till källor (Extern länk)

ECRE 15-12-10: AIDA Belgium update: asylum seekers access to international protection and reception remains a struggle (Extern länk)

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Human Rights Watch 15-12-01:

Ungern/ Locked up for seeking asylum till sidans topp

Long detention, poor conditions, little help for vulnerable people

Hungary is detaining vulnerable asylum seekers and migrants under its new border regime for weeks at a time, sometimes in poor conditions, Human Rights Watch said today.

In October 2015, Human Rights Watch was granted access to five detention centers and two open reception facilities across Hungary and interviewed 81 asylum seekers and migrants. Two detention centers hold asylum seekers pending decisions on their applications. Three hold both rejected asylum seekers and people convicted of irregular border crossing, all awaiting deportation either to their countries of origin or a transit country.

"People seeking protection in Europe shouldn't be detained in Hungary unless their detention is justified by exceptional circumstances," said Lydia Gall, Balkans and Eastern Europe researcher at Human Rights Watch. "Hungary should immediately release vulnerable people, including families with children, unaccompanied children awaiting age determination, people with disabilities, and anyone awaiting deportation who can't be removed within a reasonable time frame."

Guidelines from the United Nations refugee agency, UNHCR, make clear that detention of any asylum seekers should be an exceptional measure, and that members of vulnerable groups generally should not be detained. Human Rights Watch documented cases in which asylum seekers had been detained for as long as 45 days. Many people said that there had been no explanation regarding why some were detained, others were sent to an open reception center, and some were allowed to travel on to other European countries.

(...)

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Migrationsverket 15-12-04:

Ungern/ Migrationsverkets experter förklarar Dublinförordningen till sidans topp

Här besvarar Migrationsverkets Martin Lindén, enhetschef för Dublinenheten, och Madelene Bergdahl, expert på migrationsrättsenheten, frågor om Dublinförordningen.

Migrationsverket har fått ett antal frågor om Dublinförordningen via Twitter. Här svarar verkets experter på dem.

Följer Sverige Dublinförordningen?

Hör om varför Dublinförordningen blev till och ifall Sverige följer Dublinförordningen idag. (podd)

Kan en tredjelandsmedborgare avvisas vid gränsen?

I detta avsnitt besvarar Migrationsverkets experter frågan ifall en person kan avvisas vid gränsen och vad det är som avgör vilken stat som är ansvarig att pröva en asylsökandes ärende. (podd)

Överförs asylsökande till Ungern?

/Asylnytt: Ingressen till denna podd är felaktig men den handlar om varför Migrationsverket fattar beslut om överföring till Ungern och varför dessa beslut inte så ofta verkställs i praktiken/ (podd)

Lyssna till poddarna (Extern länk)

Se även:

ECRE 15-12-03: AIDA update Hungary: new asylum legislation contravenes EU rules (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 151209:

Rädda Barnen 15-12-04:

LIbanon/ Barnen i skuggan av kriget till sidans topp

Kriget i Syrien är inne på sitt femte år. Miljontals människor är på flykt och mer än hälften av dem är barn. Rädda Barnen har intervjuat över 200 av de syriska barnen på flykt och i vår nya rapport "Barnen i skuggan av kriget" berättar de om livet i flyktinglägren i Libanon och norra Irak.

Förutom 6,5 miljoner människor som är på flykt inom Syrien har över 4 miljoner människor flytt till grannländerna Turkiet, Libanon, Jordanien, Irak och Egypten. Mer än hälften av dem är barn.

Barn och ungdomar som växer upp som flyktingar i Libanon och norra Irak lider inte bara av plågsamma minnen från kriget eller hotet om våld. Även miljön de växer upp i har stor påverkan för deras utveckling och välmående. 700.000 syriska barn på flykt går inte i skolan.

Ritat, skrivit och lekt

Barnen som medverkar i rapporten har fått uttrycka sina tankar genom att rita, skriva och leka på sätt anpassade efter deras åldrar. Deras berättelser visar på ett antal områden som särskilt stressar dem och påverkar deras psykosociala hälsa. I rapporten vittnar barnen om att de oroar sig för familjens ekonomi då pappa inte jobbar, att de saknar sina bästa vänner och familj och att de inte har någon att prata med och anförtro sig åt när livet känns tungt. Flickornas berättelser handlar om att de inte kan gå utanför tältet utan att bli trakasserade av jämnåriga pojkar samt rädslan för att bli bortgifta. För pojkarna är rädslan över att rekryteras av militära grupper ständigt närvarande.

- Jag tror att ingen egentligen kan förstå barnens smärta, om du inte har känt den själv, säger Ahmad som jobbar på en av våra barnvänliga platser och som själv kommer från Syrien men som nu lever i Libanon på grund av kriget.

Blir deprimerade eller agressiva

(...)

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Rädda Barnen 15-12-04:

Irak/ Barnen i skuggan av kriget till sidans topp

Kriget i Syrien är inne på sitt femte år. Miljontals människor är på flykt och mer än hälften av dem är barn. Rädda Barnen har intervjuat över 200 av de syriska barnen på flykt och i vår nya rapport "Barnen i skuggan av kriget" berättar de om livet i flyktinglägren i Libanon och norra Irak.

Förutom 6,5 miljoner människor som är på flykt inom Syrien har över 4 miljoner människor flytt till grannländerna Turkiet, Libanon, Jordanien, Irak och Egypten. Mer än hälften av dem är barn.

Barn och ungdomar som växer upp som flyktingar i Libanon och norra Irak lider inte bara av plågsamma minnen från kriget eller hotet om våld. Även miljön de växer upp i har stor påverkan för deras utveckling och välmående. 700.000 syriska barn på flykt går inte i skolan.

Ritat, skrivit och lekt

Barnen som medverkar i rapporten har fått uttrycka sina tankar genom att rita, skriva och leka på sätt anpassade efter deras åldrar. Deras berättelser visar på ett antal områden som särskilt stressar dem och påverkar deras psykosociala hälsa. I rapporten vittnar barnen om att de oroar sig för familjens ekonomi då pappa inte jobbar, att de saknar sina bästa vänner och familj och att de inte har någon att prata med och anförtro sig åt när livet känns tungt. Flickornas berättelser handlar om att de inte kan gå utanför tältet utan att bli trakasserade av jämnåriga pojkar samt rädslan för att bli bortgifta. För pojkarna är rädslan över att rekryteras av militära grupper ständigt närvarande.

- Jag tror att ingen egentligen kan förstå barnens smärta, om du inte har känt den själv, säger Ahmad som jobbar på en av våra barnvänliga platser och som själv kommer från Syrien men som nu lever i Libanon på grund av kriget.

Blir deprimerade eller agressiva

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 151122:

Law Centres Network 15-11-09:

Storbritannien/ Keep children's best interests at heart of asylum system - New Report till sidans topp

People charged with making life-changing decisions about unaccompanied children seeking asylum should be supported to ensure that their best interests are at heart. This call is set out in a new report, Put Yourself in Our Shoes, published today.

(...)

Last year, some 1,945 children applied for asylum in the UK while on their own. That number is expected to rise in light of government's recent commitment to take in 20,000 refugees by 2020. The UK government is committed to considering children's best interest in all decisions made about them.

However, our report shows how, throughout the children's asylum and care process, this is not reflected in practice - and it stands to affect their life chances. Varying levels of understanding of child rights along the process see things done to and for the children seeking asylum without any room for their input. This means that, in effect, the asylum process merely pays lip service to children's best interests.

(...)

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ECRE 15-11-20:

Balkan/ Macedonia and Serbia fail to ensure access to asylum and protection till sidans topp

On 10 November, the European Commission published the annual progress reports on Macedonia and Serbia. While refugees continue to transit along the Western Balkans route to seek international protection in the EU, asylum seekers have difficulty accessing asylum procedures in Macedonia and Serbia, Consequently, their guarantees of protection are minimal. In Macedonia, asylum law is not fully implemented. Similarly, the European Commission reports that the Serbian asylum and migration framework is generally weak. Short-term measures undertaken in recent months, have been insufficient to meet the needs of thousands refugees.

In Macedonia, refugees, are not adequately identified, especially the most vulnerable groups and children, which risks undermining their protection needs. In addition, they are not well informed about their rights and obligations or asylum procedures. While asylum applicants continue to increase, very few of them have been granted refugee status; only five in 2015. Moreover, if they decide to appeal, they face long delays and submit repeated appeals, as the Administrative Court processes the request on procedural rather than substantive grounds.

In Serbia, there is no protection-sensitive screening mechanism within the asylum procedures that would allow for the identifying of people in need of international protection, especially refugee children and vulnerable groups. The EU's report also highlights the current lack of well-trained staff to register asylum applications, as well as insufficient accommodation. Overall, the EU urges Serbia to launch a comprehensive reform of the whole asylum system in order to align it with EU and international standards.

As candidates to the EU membership, Macedonia and Serbia are obligated to harmonise and implement their legislation and policies in line with EU standards, including in the area of asylum and migration.

Artikeln med länkar till källor (Extern länk)

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ECRE 15-11-20:

Balkan/ Macedonia and Serbia fail to ensure access to asylum and protection till sidans topp

On 10 November, the European Commission published the annual progress reports on Macedonia and Serbia. While refugees continue to transit along the Western Balkans route to seek international protection in the EU, asylum seekers have difficulty accessing asylum procedures in Macedonia and Serbia, Consequently, their guarantees of protection are minimal. In Macedonia, asylum law is not fully implemented. Similarly, the European Commission reports that the Serbian asylum and migration framework is generally weak. Short-term measures undertaken in recent months, have been insufficient to meet the needs of thousands refugees.

In Macedonia, refugees, are not adequately identified, especially the most vulnerable groups and children, which risks undermining their protection needs. In addition, they are not well informed about their rights and obligations or asylum procedures. While asylum applicants continue to increase, very few of them have been granted refugee status; only five in 2015. Moreover, if they decide to appeal, they face long delays and submit repeated appeals, as the Administrative Court processes the request on procedural rather than substantive grounds.

In Serbia, there is no protection-sensitive screening mechanism within the asylum procedures that would allow for the identifying of people in need of international protection, especially refugee children and vulnerable groups. The EU's report also highlights the current lack of well-trained staff to register asylum applications, as well as insufficient accommodation. Overall, the EU urges Serbia to launch a comprehensive reform of the whole asylum system in order to align it with EU and international standards.

As candidates to the EU membership, Macedonia and Serbia are obligated to harmonise and implement their legislation and policies in line with EU standards, including in the area of asylum and migration.

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Belgrade Centre of Human Rights / ECRE 15-11-20:

Bulgarien/ Refugees report physical violence and abuses by the Bulgarian police till sidans topp

According to a survey by the Belgrade Centre of Human Rights, released on 13 November, many refugees entering Serbia from Bulgaria, including unaccompanied minors, reported ill-treatment and abuses by the Bulgarian police.

Of more than a hundred refugees interviewed by the BCHR between 20 and 22 October, all those who had contacts with the Bulgarian police experienced either extortion, physical violence, robberies or attacks by police dogs. Some refugees witnessed shootings and threats of deportation to their country of origin.

Most of the incidents occurred at the Bulgarian border with Turkey, but also at the Serbian-Bulgarian border. Moreover, some refugees have been detained in closed centres in Sofia, Vrazhdebna or Busmantsi, where they have been abused by both the police and personnel.

Nikolina Milic of the Belgrade Centre for Human Rights said "The dramatic and shocking ill-treatment of people fleeing conflict and poverty is totally unacceptable, particularly in an EU member state. We are calling for an independent investigation into the incidents in Bulgaria, and we call on the Bulgarian government to condemn these human rights abuses in the strongest terms possible."

More than 200 refugees cross the Serbian-Bulgarian border on a daily basis, having walked through the mountains for several days. Most of them are from Afghanistan, but also from Syria and Iraq.

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Arkiveringsdatum 151112:

ECRE 15-11-06:

Frankrike/ Court orders improvements to the human rights situation in Calais till sidans topp

A coalition of NGOs, including ELENA-France, filed a legal challenge last week, along with applicants from Eritrea, Iraq, Afghanistan and Syria, to the human rights conditions in the Calais slum.

The judge found that the reports of the NGOs involved, and the media, revealed an emergency situation and that the public authorities had to guarantee the basic rights and fundamental freedoms of those living there. She considered that insufficient access to water and toilets and the lack of rubbish collection exposed the camp population to a risk of inhuman and degrading treatment.

In a joint press release (in French only) of Medécins du Monde and Secours Catholique-Caritas France, who were involved in the legal challenge, the ruling was welcomed as a 'positive first step in the recognition of this situation and its crisis'. However, the plaintiffs were unsatisfied that their demand for the 6,000 inhabitants of the camp to be sheltered was not agreed to and stated that they would remain vigilant so as to ensure that the emergency measures would be implemented.

The judge ordered the authorities in Calais to; install 10 additional water points and 50 latrines, set up a collection system for rubbish, install mobile rubbish containers, carry out a cleaning of the site and make one or more routes available for emergency access. These measures should be implemented immediately; within the next eight days. A 100 euro per day penalty would result in case of delay. The authorities were also ordered to identify unaccompanied minors in distress within 48 hours of the judgment, so that they could be suitably placed.

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AIDA 15-11-05:

Malta/ Fewer sea arrivals lead to decrease in detention till sidans topp

The updated AIDA report on Malta documents a decrease in the use of detention of asylum seekers in 2015. This is due to the fact that, following an informal agreement between Italy and Malta, only 99 persons reached Malta by boat this year, marking a sharp decrease in arrivals compared to the past years. The majority of asylum seekers in Malta for 2015 arrived regularly by plane and as a consequence have not been detained. As a result, Lyster Barracks, one of the detention facilities, was closed in mid-2015 as no persons were detained there.

Moreover, an Initial Reception Centre with a capacity of 200 places was set up as in early 2015 for unaccompanied children and children accompanied by up to two family members. This centre is aimed to avoid the detention of minors, yet it is unclear whether the conditions of stay in that centre would amount to deprivation of liberty in practice.

The report, written by aditus foundation and Jesuit Refugee Service Malta, also refers to amendments to the asylum procedure entering into force as of March 2015. The amended Refugees Act has aligned the grounds for applying the accelerated procedure with the recast Asylum Procedures Directive, although no claims have been processed under the accelerated procedure since the beginning of the year.

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Arkiveringsdatum 151104:

Migrationsverket 15-10-15:

Turkiet/ Flyktingsituationen i Turkiet hösten 2015 till sidans topp

Migrationsverket har publicerat en lägesanalys av flyktingsituationen i Turkiet. Analysen omfattar flyktingarnas rättsliga ställning i Turkiet allmänt, situationen för syriska, afghanska respektive Irakiska flyktingar i Turkiet samt inrikespolitikens inverkan på flyktingarnas situation.

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Human Rights Watch 15-10-24:

Turkiet/ Syrian migrants face Kafkaesque nightmare in search for safety till sidans topp

The Aksaray neighborhood of Istanbul is a veritable smugglers' den, where you can watch asylum seekers and migrants huddling and planning their next moves. But when I spoke with people there several days ago, I also saw many people with blank stares, the ones who had tried and failed, and were left broke and worried that they had no moves left.

Syrians, Iraqis and Afghans gather in the square outside the Aksaray metro station talking quietly about their growing doubts that they will be able to follow the hundreds of thousands who made the journey to Europe this summer. The weather is getting colder. More worrisome, word is spreading that Turkey has stepped up its coast guard patrols and is arresting migrants and asylum seekers on its western border.

Their anxieties are not unfounded. The European Commission has announced the main points of a deal with Turkey, including billions of euros in funding and visa liberalization for Turkish citizens, in return for Turkey's cooperation in stemming the flow of third country nationals into the European Union.

Among those turned back at sea was "Eddie," a Syrian Kurd, whose first hurdle was crossing from Syria into Turkey in mid-September. He said that Turkish border guards opened fire on his group: "They were definitely targeting us and there was no other fighting going on in the area. We were not armed. My brother-in-law was shot in the waist. We were in Turkish territory. I asked the Turkish guards for an ambulance. They did not cooperate ... and told us to go back to Syria."

How can Syrians follow the order to leave the country when they were just arrested for trying to leave the country?

(...)

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Human Rights Watch 15-11-08: 400,000 Syrian Children Not in School (Extern länk)

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ECRE 15-10-30:

Frankrike/ NGOs take authorities to court and demand emergency measures in Calais till sidans topp

On 26 October, several aid groups lodged a complaint with a court in Lille in an attempt to force France to take the necessary emergency measures in Calais. The humanitarian agencies, actively giving aid in the camps, blame French authorities for lacking the will and resolution to solve the inhumane conditions of the 6,000 refugees living in the area.

The 'recours en référé' is conducted by Médecins du Monde (Doctors of the World) and Secours Catholique (Caritas France), with La Cimade, la Ligue des droits de l'Homme, Amnesty International France, Acat-France, ELENA-France et le Mouvement contre le racisme et pour l'amitié entre les peuples (MRAP) supporting.

The joint appeal marks an unprecedented cooperation of these French NGOs who demands that the camp should be dismantled and its inhabitants accommodated in adequate housing. They base their request on the violation of these refugees fundamental rights, forced to live in a slum, often referred to as 'the jungle of Calais'.

With winter around the corner, the French government has been criticized for not doing enough for those living in conditions which have been described by various NGOs as 'worse than a refugee camp you would see in a war zone'.

"There are 6,000 people living in deplorable conditions. And everyone knows it. It's a disaster. France is the sixth largest economic power in the world. We have the capacity to at least provide food and water for these people. This is not a question of a lack of capacity or know-how or means. It's just a question of political will and them not wanting to take charge of the situation correctly," said Jean-François Corty, Programme Director for Médecins du Monde.

"This situation is not worthy of a country like France. It is equally unworthy of a country like the United Kingdom and of a community like the European Union," Le Monde newspaper wrote, in last Sunday's editorial.

(...)

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ECRE 15-10-27:

Ungern/ ECRE mission to Hungary finds worrying barriers to accessing asylum till sidans topp

An ECRE delegation, as part of the Asylum Information Database (AIDA) project, undertook a fact-finding visit to Hungary at the end of September in order to gain an in-depth understanding of the new border procedure applied at the Hungarian border and the conditions facing asylum seekers in the new transit zones. ECRE concluded that by shutting off access to protection through physical and legal barriers, the Hungarian asylum system contravenes international refugee law and EU asylum law.

Although ECRE acknowledges that Hungary has faced important challenges in 2015 as a result of the dramatic increase of the number of arrivals of asylum seekers at its borders and on its territory, the mission concluded that the authorities' main response has criminalised persons seeking international protection and has shifted responsibility for refugee protection to other countries in the region. This has been the result of swiftly adopting a series of measures that have primarily undermined access to the territory.

The new Hungarian border procedure brought in on 15 September was found to be particularly problematic, as asylum applications are examined in an extremely fast procedure, in a state of detention and with little access to quality legal assistance, and in practice denies applicants the right to rebut the safety presumption in their individual circumstances.

Further, the report also found that, although the use of asylum detention had been used less in recent months, it is increasingly being used again. Key reasons for concern relate to the lack of adequate systems for identifying vulnerable applicants in asylum detention centres and the deficiencies in the judicial review of the lawfulness of detention, including the questionable practice of organising court hearings on the premises of asylum detention centres.

(...)

Artikeln med länkar (Extern länk)

Lydia Gall, Human Rights Watch 15-10-30: Seeking Protection, Behind Bars in Hungary (Extern länk)

Boldizsár Nagy, Central European University i EUmigrationlaw 15-11-04: Parallel realities: refugees seeking asylum in Europe and Hungary's reaction (Extern länk)

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Frontex 15-10-27:

Frontex begins testing accelerated registration process in Lesbos till sidans topp

Frontex began testing a new accelerated process of identifying and registering migrants on the Greek island of Lesbos today as part of its efforts to assist Greece in handling the thousands of people arriving at its shores each day.

The entire process takes place at a mobile office, set up as part of the implementation of the "hotspot" approach. Inside, a team composed of two Frontex guest officers works together with Greek authorities to register migrants and provide them with information on international protection.

More than 35 people, including several Syrian families, have already passed through the new facilities established by Frontex in Moria, where they were registered and had their fingerprints scanned electronically with a Eurodac device. At the end of the process, a European Asylum Support Office (EASO) official explained the possibility of requesting international protection and the relocation mechanism.

"The entire process takes place under one roof, which will speed up registration considerably. Registration opens the door to asylum procedures for people in need of international protection," said Frontex Executive Director Fabrice Leggeri.

The newly launched pilot project will be tested over the next month to establish standard registration packages for additional registration centres in cooperation with EU agencies eu-LISA and EASO. Ultimately each will have four Frontex registration teams working continuously in shifts, 24 hours a day.

Nearly half a million migrants have arrived in Greece so far this year, with more than half coming to Lesbos.

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PACE 15-10-28:

Kos: reception need more resources at local, national and European levels till sidans topp

"We have seen at first hand the dreadful situation of the many refugees arriving in Kos, which will only get worse as winter approaches and the weather deteriorates. In the face of this great and unexpected challenge, I have been enormously impressed by the sympathy and spontaneous generosity shown by so many people in Kos. I was, however, very disappointed to see that the local authorities themselves have done so little to care for the refugees", said Doris Fiala (Switzerland, ALDE), who chaired the PACE delegation which visited the Greek island of Kos from 24 to 25 October.

Noting how much local volunteer groups, NGOs and international organisations were doing to meet refugees' and migrants' immediate humanitarian needs, Athina Kyriakidou (Cyprus, SOC) observed that "Local authorities have basic responsibilities to ensure these poor people's dignity and safety, but the small Greek islands of the Aegean clearly cannot cope alone; they need much more support from both the national government and European institutions".

"The situation here reveals operational weakness in EU policy. For example, European Asylum Support Office assistance does not seem to be reaching Kos. The local authorities need to work, together with the national government if necessary, on proposals for projects that will make this help available", said Eerik-Niiles Kross (Estonia, ALDE).

Commenting on the lack of reception facilities and the unsuitable location of key administrative offices, Annette Groth (Germany, UEL) argued that "There is an urgent need to find a site where reception and registration can be managed calmly, effectively and efficiently, in peace and quiet. It is in nobody's interests to force refugees into the touristic heart of Kos Town, just because the coast guard and police happen to be nearby".

(...)

Hela uttalandet (Extern länk)

Huffington Post 15-10-26: Life in Lesbos: "The children's feet are rotting - You guys have one month ..." (Extern länk)

Stöd frivilligarbetet (Extern länk)

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ECRE 15-10-29:

Grekland/ 'Hotspot' opens in Lesvos, but reports of conditions remain worrying till sidans topp

A 'hotspot' registration centre for people newly arriving on the Greek island of Lesvos, jointly operated by Greek authorities and European Union agencies, was opened two weeks ago in Moria (16 October). The 'hotspot' system is part of the EU's action to assist frontline states who are facing disproportionate migratory pressures, and aims to swiftly identify people in need of international protection for relocation to other EU Member States. The launch of this was hailed by European Commissioner for Migration, Home Affairs and Citizenship, Dimitris Avramopoulos, as a signifier that 'the mechanism established begins to gradually deliver results'.

However, a recent rise in the number of people arriving on Lesvos has reportedly left many without shelter or access to basic amenities. According to the International Organization for Migration (IOM), over 48,000 people crossed from Turkey to the Greek islands, despite worsening weather conditions between 17 and 21 October, with over 27,000 arriving in Lesvos in this five-day period. The IOM said that these large numbers had left many local authorities unprepared.

NGOs on the ground were reporting that the increase in arrivals of people, coupled with bad weather, had created life threatening conditions, with Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) calling attention to the inadequate reception conditions. MSF also reported on having to treat people for hypothermia who had been waiting for registration for three days.

An IRIN article corroborated these reports, and said the introduction of 'hotspots' appeared to add to 'confusion and increase the suffering of refugees', noting that many people have to wait for registration without water, toilets or shelter. This included women with young children, pregnant women, and people with disabilities - all of whom were often not identified as persons with particular needs, according to Human Rights Watch.

(...)

Artikeln med länkar (Extern länk)

Amnesty International 15-11-05: Refugees face hellish conditions on islands (Extern länk)

State of Play of Hotspot capacity, from Statewatch 15-11-06 (Extern länk till pdf-fil)

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ECRE 15-10-30:

Italien/ Italy must improve reception for asylum seekers, particularly for children till sidans topp

A report commissioned by the Italian government on reception conditions for refugees and migrants in Italy was published on 15 October. In the report, asylum and migration experts raise concerns over the fact that 70% of asylum seekers and refugees in Italy are being hosted in temporary facilities and that asylum procedures remain too long. In addition, there is a lack of protection guarantees for asylum-seeking children. The report suggests that part of the solution is to expand the Protection System for Asylum Seekers and Refugees (SPRAR) across the regions, given the successful experience of local projects that have been implemented so far.

The report highlights that at present Italy lacks a reliable information system that ensures the adequate identification and referral of asylum seeking children, and argues that protection systems for unaccompanied children need to be improved, for example with the establishment of first reception facilities where children could receive identification and screening.

The report also provides an overview of recent developments concerning the application of the European Agenda on Migration in Italy, including the relocation scheme and "hot spots". In the report, migration experts call for a necessary revision of the Dublin Regulation in light of its inefficiencies. Moreover, any measure concerning fast-track procedures or provisions regarding 'safe countries of origin' must ensure that each asylum seeker's claim is considered on the basis of her/his individual situation and rights.

As of 10 October 2015, 100,000 asylum seekers and refugees live in reception facilities in Italy. In 2015 most asylum seekers came from Eritrea, Nigeria and Somalia. The number of unaccompanied children has increased by 73%.

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Arkiveringsdatum 151025:

OHCHR 15-10-22:

Tjeckien/ Zeid urges Czech Republic to stop detention of migrants and refugees till sidans topp

UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra'ad Al Hussein on Thursday strongly criticized the detention of migrants and refugees who have arrived in the Czech Republic since August 2015, drawing particular attention to the violations of the rights of the children among them.

Over the last two months, several European countries of transit have been employing restrictive policies against migrants and refugees who are trying to reach European countries further north. However, the Czech Republic is unique in routinely subjecting these migrants and refugees to detention for 40 days, and reportedly sometimes even longer -- up to 90 days -- in conditions which have been described as degrading.

"According to credible reports from various sources, the violations of the human rights of migrants are neither isolated nor coincidental, but systematic: they appear to be an integral part of a policy by the Czech Government designed to deter migrants and refugees from entering the country or staying there," Zeid said.

"Many of these people are refugees who have suffered horrendously in their countries of origin as well as during their journey to the Czech Republic," the High Commissioner said. "International law is quite clear that immigration detention must be strictly a measure of last resort. And as for children, the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child has emphasized that detention of children on the sole basis of their migration status, or that of their parents, is a violation, is never in their best interests, and is not justifiable."

(...)

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Public Defender of Rights 15-10-15: Czech ombudsman criticises conditions in refugee facility (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 151019:

Amnesty International 15-10-09:

Nauru/ Foreign media refused entry after refugee rape claims till sidans topp

News that Nauru has refused Al Jazeera journalists permission to enter the country is just the latest development in a crackdown on freedom of expression amid fears for the detention conditions and treatment of hundreds of asylum seekers on the Pacific island state, Amnesty International said.

The media blackout is particularly alarming when there are no independent media outlets in Nauru. It comes just days after foreign media reported on refugees being raped on the island.

Nauruan authorities announced this week that they would no longer lock up asylum seekers in the detention centre they run in conjunction with the Australian government.

But this positive development apparently has a dark side, as journalists from Al Jazeera's Sydney bureau found out when they attempted to apply for media visas, only to be eventually informed this week that all media applications to visit the island are "not approved".

"Whatever Nauru is trying to hide, it can't be good if the authorities are so desperate to block all international media from visiting or reporting from the island," said Meghna Abraham, Deputy Director for Global Thematic Issues at Amnesty International.

"Amid allegations of ongoing abuse, including sexual assault, of asylum seekers held on Nauru at Australia's behest, it is all the more vital that media are neither barred nor silenced from reporting the truth.

"The Nauru authorities must immediately allow the media in and repeal criminal sanctions that undermine the right to freedom of expression, as well as allow independent human rights monitors access to the country."

(...)

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Amnesty International 15-10-21: Safety and health of Somali refugee at risk (Extern länk)

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Amnesty International 15-10-09:

Australien/ Foreign media refused entry after refugee rape claims till sidans topp

News that Nauru has refused Al Jazeera journalists permission to enter the country is just the latest development in a crackdown on freedom of expression amid fears for the detention conditions and treatment of hundreds of asylum seekers on the Pacific island state, Amnesty International said.

The media blackout is particularly alarming when there are no independent media outlets in Nauru. It comes just days after foreign media reported on refugees being raped on the island.

Nauruan authorities announced this week that they would no longer lock up asylum seekers in the detention centre they run in conjunction with the Australian government.

But this positive development apparently has a dark side, as journalists from Al Jazeera's Sydney bureau found out when they attempted to apply for media visas, only to be eventually informed this week that all media applications to visit the island are "not approved".

"Whatever Nauru is trying to hide, it can't be good if the authorities are so desperate to block all international media from visiting or reporting from the island," said Meghna Abraham, Deputy Director for Global Thematic Issues at Amnesty International.

"Amid allegations of ongoing abuse, including sexual assault, of asylum seekers held on Nauru at Australia's behest, it is all the more vital that media are neither barred nor silenced from reporting the truth.

"The Nauru authorities must immediately allow the media in and repeal criminal sanctions that undermine the right to freedom of expression, as well as allow independent human rights monitors access to the country."

(...)

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Amnesty International 15-10-21: Safety and health of Somali refugee at risk (Extern länk)

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Flygtningenævnet (Danmark) 15-10-13:

Ungern/ Berostillelse vedrørende overførsel til Ungarn efter Dublinforordningen till sidans topp

Flygtningenævnet har den 9. oktober 2015 under henvisning til den aktuelle situation i Ungarn anmodet Udlændingestyrelsen om mere generelt at søge oplyst, hvorvidt Ungarn fortsat modtager Dublin-returnees fra de øvrige medlemsstater, samt hvorvidt Ungarn i den forbindelse fortsat opfylder sine internationale forpligtelser.

Flygtningenævnet har på denne baggrund besluttet at berostille alle modtagne Dublinsager med Ungarn som modtageland, indtil svar på høringen er modtaget. Samtidig er det besluttet at udsætte udrejsefristen for de personer, som er i udsendelsesposition med Ungarn som modtageland, hvor Flygtningenævnet har stadfæstet Udlændingestyrelsens afgørelse om Dublin-overførsel.

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ECRE 15-10-09:

Grekland/ A highly dysfunctional asylum system in Samos, Greece till sidans topp

The Greek Council for Refugees has published a report on Samos, following a border monitoring visit carried out in June 2015. Samos the second main point of arrival of refugees in Greece, having so far registered 51,164 arrivals in 2015.

The report highlights a number of deficiencies in the registration of newly arriving persons, due to shortages in staff and equipment. As there was only one Eurodac fingerprinting machine at the time of visit, fingerprints were often taken manually and stored in the database at a later stage. Given the severely understaffed First Reception Mobile Unit (which only had one official registering arrivals, assisted by two interpreters and one assistant), it has not been possible to register all persons arriving on the island.

Moreover, the Samos Detention Centre, which has a maximum capacity of 240 places, hosted over 800 people at the time of the visit and over 1,000 at a later period. Accordingly, the facility falls short of guaranteeing a dignified standard of living. The report also expresses deep concern with regard to problems in the provision of food, lack of mattresses, poor hygienic conditions, as well as lack of telephone booths for people to contact family members or lawyers.

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Arkiveringsdatum 150929:

ECRE 15-09-25:

Serbien/ No access to protection for asylum seekers on the Western Balkans route till sidans topp

According to information ECRE collected from 14 to 18 September, asylum seekers travelling across the Western Balkans still face significant challenges to register their intention to claim asylum. Many have been sleeping in the open, in inadequate and unhygienic conditions in the cold and rain. In addition, NGOs and international organisations do not have the capacities to provide sufficient humanitarian and medical assistance. Furthermore, at the doors of Europe, Hungarian police and army attacked refugees with water cannons and tear gas, forcing them back, across the border, to Serbia.

In the past week, more asylum seekers have been able to register their intention to claim asylum in Macedonia, thanks to improved registration capacities. However, due to the large number of arrivals, there is no protection-sensitive system for identifying and registering the most vulnerable asylum seekers. Similarly, the treatment of unaccompanied children remains problematic.

In Serbia, refugees have to wait for days to register their claims for asylum, due to procedural shortcomings. For instance, of the average 3,500 refugees arriving in Serbia every day, only 1,500 are able to get registered.

As a result, many asylum seekers continue on their way to Belgrade, without having expressed the intention to seek asylum. If unregistered, they are not allowed to be accommodated in reception centres and are neither able to receive medical assistance nor move freely within the country. Consequently, groups of asylum seekers have been sleeping in parks and bus stations, with limited access to food, water and sanitation. Many fall sick because of the worsening weather conditions.

(...)

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ECRE 15-09-25:

Makedonien/ No access to protection for asylum seekers on the Western Balkans route till sidans topp

According to information ECRE collected from 14 to 18 September, asylum seekers travelling across the Western Balkans still face significant challenges to register their intention to claim asylum. Many have been sleeping in the open, in inadequate and unhygienic conditions in the cold and rain. In addition, NGOs and international organisations do not have the capacities to provide sufficient humanitarian and medical assistance. Furthermore, at the doors of Europe, Hungarian police and army attacked refugees with water cannons and tear gas, forcing them back, across the border, to Serbia.

In the past week, more asylum seekers have been able to register their intention to claim asylum in Macedonia, thanks to improved registration capacities. However, due to the large number of arrivals, there is no protection-sensitive system for identifying and registering the most vulnerable asylum seekers. Similarly, the treatment of unaccompanied children remains problematic.

In Serbia, refugees have to wait for days to register their claims for asylum, due to procedural shortcomings. For instance, of the average 3,500 refugees arriving in Serbia every day, only 1,500 are able to get registered.

As a result, many asylum seekers continue on their way to Belgrade, without having expressed the intention to seek asylum. If unregistered, they are not allowed to be accommodated in reception centres and are neither able to receive medical assistance nor move freely within the country. Consequently, groups of asylum seekers have been sleeping in parks and bus stations, with limited access to food, water and sanitation. Many fall sick because of the worsening weather conditions.

(...)

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Human Rights Watch 15-09-21:

Makedonien/ "As though we are not human beings" Report on police brutality till sidans topp

The Macedonian police have verbally and physically abused migrants and asylum seekers at the border and in detention, Human Rights Watch said in a report released today. Macedonia is a key transit country along the Western Balkans migration route into the European Union, with thousands of asylum seekers and migrants -many of them from Syria, Afghanistan, or Somalia - entering the country every day.

The 59-page report, "'As Though We Are Not Human Beings': Police Brutality against Migrants and Asylum Seekers in Macedonia," documents physical and verbal abuse at the hands of Macedonian officials at the border with Greece, ill-treatment by police guards in the Gazi Baba detention center between June 2014 and July 2015, and the failure of the authorities to investigate or hold those responsible to account. Human Rights Watch also documented arbitrary detention of migrants and asylum seekers in inhuman and degrading conditions in Gazi Baba.

"It's plain to see that Macedonia has a problem with police violence against asylum seekers and migrants," said Emina Cerimovic, Koenig fellow at Human Rights Watch. "That's not going to change unless the Macedonia authorities start thoroughly investigating allegations of police ill-treatment of migrants and asylum seekers, and holding anyone responsible to account."

Human Rights Watch interviewed 64 asylum seekers and migrants, including 7 children, in various locations in Serbia and Macedonia. Seven of the interviews were conducted by phone. Many of those interviewed, including three children, had experienced abuse at the hands of Macedonian police, particularly at the border with Greece and in Gazi Baba. People described being beaten with police batons, punched, kicked, and verbally abused when police apprehended them. In some cases, migrants and asylum seekers were forced to run a gantlet between rows of police officers, who struck them with police batons on their backs, shoulders, and heads.

(...)

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EU-parlamentet 15-09-01:

Italien/ Skriftlig fråga: Unlawful use of force at reception centres to collect fingerprints till sidans topp

Question for written answer to the Commission Rule 130

Barbara Spinelli (GUE/NGL) , Eleonora Forenza (GUE/NGL) , Curzio Maltese (GUE/NGL) , Elly Schlein (S&D) , Laura Ferrara (EFDD) , Ignazio Corrao (EFDD)

Subject: Unlawful use of force at Pozzallo and Lampedusa reception centres, Italy, to collect migrants' fingerprints - including those of minors - for identification purposes

As of 28 April 2015, 70 unaccompanied minors had been detained for over two weeks at a CPSA (first aid and reception centre) on the Italian island of Lampedusa. As of 25 April 2015, 113 Syrians and Palestinians had been detained for a week at a CPSA in Pozzallo, Sicily. Several sources and documents testify to the unlawful use of force at the Pozzallo CPSA to collect migrants' fingerprints - including those of minors - for identification purposes, in violation of the safeguards laid down in the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) and in the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. In addition, foreign nationals detained at the Pozzallo CPSA, including minors, have declared that they have been beaten with Taser-like devices.

The Commission is asked to investigate these recent events, and to evaluate whether what is happening at the Lampedusa and Pozzallo CPSAs is in violation of Article 4 of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights, Articles 3 and 5.4 of the ECHR, Article 14 (b), 17 and 19 of the Reception Directive (2003/9/EC) and Article 8 of the regulation (EC) no. 2725/2000 (the Eurodac Regulation).

The Commission is also asked to clarify what measures it intends to take to prevent the detention of migrant children, which is prohibited by the New York Convention on the Rights of the Child.

Answer given by Mr Avramopoulos on behalf of the Commission (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 150920:

ECRE 15-09-04:

Europa/ Solidarity initiatives in Western Balkans but lack of a sustainable response till sidans topp

In the last week of August, Western Balkan countries saw a sharp increase in the number of refugees expressing their intention to seek asylum, most them coming from Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan. Different solidarity initiatives have been adopted by international and local organisations and NGOs, notably in the FYR of Macedonia and in Serbia, while the reactions of national authorities have raised many concerns.

After the deplorable violent reaction of the Macedonian police against refugees trying to cross the Greek-Macedonian border on 21 August, the FYRoM government organised trains departing from Gevgelija, towards the Serbian border.

In fact, since June 2015, refugees who express their intention to seek asylum are allowed to stay and move within the country during the 72 hours they have to submit an asylum application.Consequently, UNHCR has urged Macedonia to establish a site where refugees and migrants can be accommodated.

Given the lack of State support from Macedonian authorities, UNHCR, together with the Red Cross, UNICEF and other NGOs such as MYLA, LaStrada and Médecins Sans Frontières, as well as volunteers from the local community, have been providing basic services such as food, water and blankets and free legal assistance to thousands of refugees. Many refugees are in need of humanitarian and medical aid, some facing serious physical and psychological conditions. In response, international and national organisations and NGOs have offered medical assistance including efforts to reunite those families who were separated by the police when crossing the Greek-Macedonian border.

According to the IOM and the Macedonian Young Lawyers Association (MYLA), between June and August 2015 47,994 people expressed the intention to submit an asylum application in FYRoM; while, as of the 25 August, UNHCR have estimated that 3,000 refugees have been crossing the Greek-Macedonian border every day.

(...)

Läs mer (Extern länk)

ECRE !5-09-11: Refugees in the Western Balkans are in urgent need of further assistance and protection (Extern länk)

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Human Rights Watch 15-09-11:

Ungern/ Abysmal Conditions in Border Detention till sidans topp

Ensure Adequate Access to Food, Water, Medical Care

Migrants and asylum seekers are being held in abysmal conditions in the two Roszke migrant detention centers on the Serbian border, Human Rights Watch said today after obtaining footage from inside the camp and interviewing persons currently and formerly detained there. Hungarian police intercept asylum seekers and migrants entering via Serbia and detain them for days for registration and processing in conditions that fall short of Hungary's international obligations.

"The detainees at Roszke are held in filthy, overcrowded conditions, hungry, and lacking medical care," said Peter Bouckaert, Emergencies Director at Human Rights Watch. "The Hungarian authorities have an obligation to ensure that migrants and asylum seekers are held in humane conditions and that their rights are respected."

Hungarian authorities should take urgent action to improve conditions in and around the Roszke detention centers and make sure that people have access to adequate food and water, shelter and medical care, Human Rights Watch said.

Although, UNHCR, the United Nations refugee agency, was recently granted access to Roszke, Hungarian authorities have not given permission to journalists or human rights organizations to visit the two police-run detention centers at the Roszke border between Serbia and Hungary, known as Hangar 1 and Hangar 2. The Hungarian Helsinki Committee (HHC) has access under a long-standing tripartite border monitoring agreement between HHC, UNHCR and the Hungarian police. The agreement, however, only allows HHC access maximum once a month to police run centers on the border and limits what the organization can publicly say.

(...)

Hela artikeln (Extern länk)

Se även:

Riksdagen 15-09-17: Birgitta Ohlsson i riksdagens frågestund: Ungerns agerande i flyktingfrågan (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 150826:

Amnesty International 15-08-24:

Grekland/ Chaos and squalid conditions face record number of refugees on Lesvos till sidans topp

Weak coordination and severe shortages in facilities and staffing are creating dreadful conditions for the hundreds of refugees and migrants arriving every day on the Greek island of Lesvos, which is seeing the highest number of arrivals in Greece, Amnesty International said after a research team returned from the island.

Overloaded, under-resourced authorities are failing to cope with the dramatic increase in the number of people arriving on the island (33,000 since 1 August) and must rely on local volunteers, NGO activists, the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) and tourists to step into the massive breach. The vast majority are fleeing conflict in Afghanistan, Iraq and Syria - 90% of those arriving in 2015 according to UNHCR.

"The arduous odyssey faced by people fleeing conflict does not end on Greece's shores. Forced to walk long distances in searing heat and stay in squalid camps or out in the open, refugees and asylum seekers see little alternative but to continue their journey, contributing to the disaster we've seen on the Macedonian border in recent days," said Gauri van Gulik, Amnesty International's Deputy Director for Europe and Central Asia.

"This is not just a Greek tragedy, but a Europe-wide crisis. It is unfolding before the eyes of short-sighted European leaders who prioritize securing borders over helping survivors of conflict. The world is seeing the worst refugee crisis since the Second World War. What Europe's borders need is not fences but safe entry points for refugees, and facilities to receive them with dignity."

On 24 August, police on Lesvos told Amnesty International that they estimate that more than 33,000 refugees and migrants had arrived on the island since 1 August. Hundreds more are arriving every day - 1,450 on the night of 10-11 August alone.

(...)

Hela uttalandet (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 150814:

ECRE 15-08-12:

Grekland/ Border monitoring reports by the Greek Council for Refugees till sidans topp

Two mission reports on the situation on the island of Kos and Eidomeni, near the Greek-FYROM border, were published by ECRE member Greek Council for Refugees (GCR).

In its report on Kos, compiled following a visit in June 2015, GCR notes the complete lack of reception structures for newly arriving refugees, despite a tremendous relative increase of 1423% in arrivals during the first half of 2015 compared to the first half of 2014, with over 10,000 people coming mainly from Syria, Afghanistan and Iraq. As the local population and municipality of Kos remain opposed to the creation of reception centres on the island, refugees have to walk to the "Captain Elias" hotel, which is informally accommodating new arrivals under appalling conditions.

Upon arrival, refugees are formally under custody by the Hellenic Coastguard following their interception for irregular entry, but are not detained in a specific area, the report explains. While the Coastguard is in charge of providing food and first aid, no assistance is provided; food was only given to refugees by a civil society initiative, "Solidarity Kos", but the initiative stopped on 3 August.

Delays in registration of new arrivals by the Coastguard hinders people from accessing documents in order to leave the island, and have recently triggered large protests against the authorities. Following this first registration, they are registered by the Police and fingerprinted in Eurodac. This process takes between 7 and 10 days, while Syrians are subject to a separate fast-track procedure. After that stage, persons are allowed to travel freely within Greece, but a number of them lack the financial means to purchase boat tickets and are therefore unable to leave Kos. The majority of refugees have no intention of applying for asylum in Greece, but even those who may decide to do so on Kos have no way of registering their claim, as there are no means for them to be transferred to the competent Regional Asylum Office on the island of Rhodes.

(...)

Artikeln med länkar till rapporterna (Extern länk)

UNHCR 15-08-07: Number of refugees and migrants arriving in Greece soars 750 per cent over 2014 (Extern länk)

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Greek Forum of Refugees / Statewatch 15-07-24:

Grekland/ Alarming humanitarian crisis at Pedion tou Areos' park till sidans topp

Press release from the Greek Forum of Refugees

The Greek Forum of Refugees, following the Press Release from Afghan Community in Greece, seeks to raise awareness concerning the situation of hundreds of Afghan asylum seekers. Fleeing the war in Afghanistan and seeking for protection and safety in Europe, they arrived in Lesvos Island and ended up in Athens.

Families, children and elderly people are, during the last five days, struggling to survive by camping at Pedion tou Areos' park. These refugee families do not have any mean to access potable water, food, hygiene items as well as showers. The municipality of Athens has installed some chemical toilets located at the park, but, unfortunately, regarding the amount of people this initiative is not enough.

Although NGOs and citizen's initiatives are already taking place, these efforts cannot replace the obligation of the authorities to implement a proper reception of people seeking international protection, by covering their basic needs in order to respect the dignity they deserve as human beings as well as respecting their Human Rights.

In addition, as we already experienced many times till now, when authorities do not face the situation, the first reactions of solidarity and humanism of the local society, soon are being transformed in negative reactions towards refugees and a social issue could arise.

The GFR tries to cope as best it cans the situation. However, we believe that only through the cooperation, each attempt will have a good result. Soon we will publish more information on emergencies.

Pressmeddelandet med länkar (Extern länk)

Ekathimerini 15-07-23: Minister mulling 'open' facility for migrants in city (Extern länk)

UNHCR 15-08-07: UNHCR warns of deepening crisis and calls for urgent and bold action (Extern länk)

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AIDA 15-08-03:

Österrike/ Plans to relocate 500 asylum seekers to Slovakia rejected by locals till sidans topp

Austria's plan to relocate 500 asylum seekers to Slovakia was overwhelmingly rejected by the residents of Gabcikovo, South of Bratislava, during a referendum conducted on 2 August. The Austrian Minister of Interior had announced a plan to relocate as many as 500 asylum seekers to Slovakia, to relieve overcrowding in the initial reception centre of Traiskirchen in Vienna. Under the plan, agreed by Slovakia, asylum seekers who have applied in Austria would have their applications processed by the Austrian authorities, while staying in a former university building in the Slovak town of Gabcikovo.

This move has been sharply criticised by non-governmental organisations (NGOs), as it would result in asylum seekers living without authorisation in Slovakia (since they would not be asylum seekers) and thereby having no freedom of movement there. It is recalled that, under the EU rules set out in the Dublin Regulation, only one Member State can be responsible for examining an asylum application and for providing the material reception conditions attached to a person's asylum seeker status.

At the same time, ECRE member Asylkoordination Austria questions whether these persons will be able to access the reception conditions they are entitled to under Austrian law in Slovakia. Equally worrying is the risk that these asylum seekers could have their asylum procedure discontinued under the Austrian Asylum Act on the ground that they have voluntarily left the territory of Austria.

Albeit non-binding, the strong 'no' vote against the transfer of asylum seekers to Slovakia raises even greater doubts as to the possibility for asylum seekers to access appropriate reception conditions in the country.

Artikeln med länkar (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 150724:

Human Rights Watch 15-07-15:

Papua/ The Pacific Non-Solution till sidans topp

Two years on, refugees face uncertainty, restrictions on rights

More than 850 asylum seekers and 87 refugees are detained indefinitely in poor conditions on Manus Island two years after Australia announced it would process and resettle "boat people" in Papua New Guinea (PNG), Human Rights Watch and the Human Rights Law Centre said today.

Since January 2015, PNG and Australian authorities have transferred 40 men found to be refugees to a transit center, but they are still prevented from leaving Manus Island and are denied opportunities to work and study.

"After two years, Australia's experiment in offshore detention has been a disaster," said Elaine Pearson, Australia director. "Even the few people provided refugee status have been denied freedom of movement and the right to work. All should be allowed to move on with their lives in dignity and security."

Australia should stop sending asylum seekers to PNG, and both governments should treat asylum seekers in accordance with international standards and implement a refugee resettlement policy, the two organizations said.

The PNG and Australian governments detain the asylum seekers - all adult men - in overcrowded conditions at a facility on Manus Island's Lombrum naval base. Human rights organizations and media have no regular access to the facilities.

Two asylum seekers sent to Manus have died - one after allegedly being beaten to death by contract staff at the detention center and another from septicemia after cutting his foot.

(...)

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UNHCR 15-07-10:

Grekland/ UNHCR warns of growing asylum crisis in Greece and the Western Balkans till sidans topp

The number of refugees arriving in the Greek islands continues to rise, averaging 1,000 people daily. Since the beginning of the year, 77,100 people have arrived by sea to Greece (as of 3 July). Almost 60 per cent are refugees from Syria. Others come from Afghanistan, Iraq, Eritrea and Somalia. Greece is now facing an unprecedented refugee emergency.

On Tuesday morning, a boat leaving from Turkey with up to 40 refugees capsized between the Greek islands of Agathonisi and Farmakonisi. According to the Hellenic Coast Guard, Greek and Turkish sea rescue services rescued 19 people. Eight were rescued by the Greek Coast Guard and 11 by the Turkish Coast Guard. Five bodies were retrieved and up to 16 people are still missing and feared to have drowned.

Greece's volatile economic situation, combined with the increasing numbers of new arrivals, is putting severe strain on small island communities, which lack the basic infrastructure and services to adequately respond to the growing humanitarian needs. The numbers of people arriving are now so high that, despite all efforts, the authorities and local communities can no longer cope. An urgent response from Europe is needed before the situation deteriorates further.

(...)

Läs mer (Extern länk)

EurActiv 15-07-17: Refugees face harsh plight in Greece (Extern länk)

UNHCR News 15-07-10: An average of 1,000 refugees now arriving on Greek islands every day (Extern länk)

ECRE 15-07-17: ECRE members respond to asylum crisis on the islands (Extern länk)

Amnesty International 15-06-25: Greece: Humanitarian crisis mounts as refugee support system pushed to breaking point (Extern länk)

Human Rights Watch 15-07-11: Greece: Humanitarian Crisis on the Islands (Extern länk)

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Apollo 15-07-17:

Grekland/ Fri extra bagagevikt för resenärer som vill hjälpa flyktingar på Kos till sidans topp

Apollo och Novair erbjuder resenärer till den grekiska ön Kos att kostnadsfritt ta med extra bagage med förnödenheter till de flyktingar som tagit sig till den grekiska övärlden.

Apollo har tillsammans med sitt flygbolag Novair beslutat att erbjuda sina resenärer att ta med extra bagage, upp till 20 kg, kostnadsfritt för att frakta förnödenheter till de flyktingar som befinner sig på Kos. Flyktingarna som främst kommer från Syrien och Nordafrika äger sällan mer än kläderna de har på sig och är i stort behov av att i första hand få hjälp med kläder, skor, hygienartiklar och filtar.

Sedan tidigare jobbar Apollo aktivt med socialt ansvar på resmålen bl. a genom lokalt initierade samarbeten. I maj samlade Apollos personal in 60 kartonger med förnödenheter som skickades ner med Novair till Kos, Kreta och Rhodos i syfte att hjälpa de flyktingar som tagit sig till den grekiska övärlden.

-Socialt ansvar är en viktig fråga för oss och engagemanget kring våra hjälpsändningar till Kos, Rhodos och Kreta var extremt stort. Det är otroligt glädjande att så många vill vara med och hjälpa de som verkligen behöver och för oss är det en självklarhet att bidra på det sätt vi kan. Nu gör vi det även möjligt för kunder som vill hjälpa till på plats, säger Kajsa Moström Apollos Informationschef.

De gäster som önskar ta med sig extra bagage föranmäler det till: details@novair.se och lämnar bagaget till Apollos personal på plats på Kos flygplats. Apollos personal kommer i samarbete med Solitary Kos distribuera ut hjälpen.

Pressmeddelandet (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 150720:

Migrationsverket 15-06-25:

Kenya/ Lägerpolicy och rätten till fri rörlighet för asylsökande och flyktingar i Kenya till sidans topp

Migrationsverkets landinformationsenhet har publicerat en temarapport om flyktingsituationen i Kenya.

Rapporten ger en övergripande bild av flyktingsituationen i Kenya samt en beskrivning av de flyktingläger som finns i landet. Rapporten behandlar sedan den lägerpolicy för asylsökande och flyktingar som etablerats i Kenya, både den juridiska kontexten och hur det ser ut i praktiken.

"Konflikter och flyktingströmmar fortsätter att drabba östra Afrika och Afrikas horn. Kenya är nu det land i regionen med störst flyktingpopulation efter Etiopien. Det finns flyktingläger på två platser i Kenya. De flesta som flyr från konflikten i Sydsudan anländer till Kakuma i norra Kenya medan de flesta somalier kommer till Dadaab som ligger i Garissa County i före detta North Eastern Province nära gränsen till Somalia. Omkring 72 % av flyktingarna i landet kommer ursprungligen från Somalia."

Hämta rapporten (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 150625:

AIDA 15-06-19:

Turkiet/ AIDA report: Asylum procedure and plans for reception and detention centres till sidans topp

A new AIDA report on Turkey, the 18th AIDA country and largest refugee-hosting country worldwide, contains detailed information on the country's two protection systems: the Turkish asylum procedure established by the 2013 Law on Foreigners and International Protection (LFIP) and the temporary protection regime for Syrians, Palestinians and stateless persons formerly living in Syria, established by the 2014 Temporary Protection Regulation and afforded to more than 1,750,000 beneficiaries.

The LFIP has set out a number of procedural and institutional standards for refugee and subsidiary protection status determination, which will be conducted by the Directorate-General for Migration Management. It includes an accelerated procedure for manifestly unfounded claims, subsequent applications or claims lodged in detention, as well as a procedure for inadmissible applications for situations such as where persons come to Turkey from a "safe third country" or have already obtained protection status in another country.

Turkey registered over 34,000 applications for international protection in 2014, mainly from Iraq, Afghanistan and Iran, and is currently in the process of building six reception and accommodation centres for asylum seekers in Gaziantep, Erzurum, Izmir, Kirklareli, Van and Kayseri. Each centre is foreseen to have a capacity of 750 places, thereby totalling 4,500 reception places for asylum seekers.

Moreover, the report refers to the planned construction of ten additional pre-removal detention centres across the territory of Turkey, which would offer a further capacity of 3,400 places as of 2016-2017, in addition to the 1,740 detention places in the thirteen removal centres currently operating in the country, where asylum seekers may be detained under the LFIP.

Läs mer (Extern länk)

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Amnesty International 15-06-15:

Libanon/ Pushed to the edge: Syrian refugees face increased restrictions in Lebanon till sidans topp

Over the past 18 months Amnesty International has documented, in reports and briefing papers, how a range of measures introduced by the Lebanese authorities have restricted access to refugee protection. This report focuses on the most recent restrictions introduced in January 2015, and examines the human rights impact of these restrictions on top of those previously imposed. The report concludes that the restrictions are part of a policy of the Lebanese authorities to dissuade and prevent Syria's refugees from seeking protection in Lebanon.

Läs mer (Extern länk)

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EU-parlamentet 15-06-10:

Ungern/ Parlamentet fördömer Orbáns dödsstraffsuttalanden och migrationsenkät till sidans topp

Europaparlamentet uppmanar EU-kommissionen att omedelbart utreda situationen i Ungern och upprätta en EU-mekanism för demokrati, rättsstatsprincipen och de grundläggande rättigheterna i en resolution ledamöterna antog på onsdagen. Att återinföra dödstraff i Ungern skulle bryta mot EU:s fördrag och stadga om grundläggande rättigheter, säger ledamöterna och kritiserar också den enkät om migration som den ungerska regeringen skickat ut och kallar den "vilseledande, fördomsfull och obalanserad".

(...)

Migrationsenkät vilseledande, fördomsfull och obalanserad

Ledamöterna kritiserar den ungerska regeringens offentliga samråd om migration. Även om "offentliga samråd kan vara ett viktigt och värdefullt verktyg för att regeringar ska kunna utveckla en politik" är "innehållet och språkbruket i det samråd som inletts i Ungern om immigration och terrorism är mycket vilseledande, fördomsfullt och obalanserat", skriver ledamöterna.

(...)

Resolutionen antogs med 362 ja-röster mot 247 nej-röster och 88 nedlagda röster.

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Arkiveringsdatum 150608:

UNHCR 15-06-05:

Sudan/ UNHCR deeply concerned about abduction of asylum-seekers in eastern Sudan till sidans topp

UNHCR is concerned to have learned of an abduction of 14 Eritrean asylum-seekers by unknown armed elements in eastern Sudan on Thursday 4 June 2015.

The incident happened when an armed group in a pickup truck opened fire on a convoy organized by the Sudanese Commissioner for Refugees (COR), which was transporting 49 Eritrean asylum-seekers from Wad Sharifey reception centre near Kassala to Shagarab refugee camp.

Fourteen asylum-seekers were kidnapped: seven unaccompanied children (six boys and one girl), five women and two men. In addition, six asylum-seekers suffered from minor injuries when they jumped from the truck in an attempt to escape. UNHCR is providing support to the survivors, who have been moved to in Shagarab camp and is in contact with the Sudanese authorities, who are investigating the case.

UNHCR welcomes this investigation and has asked the Government that no effort be spared in apprehending those responsible and bringing them to account. UNHCR urges that all movements of asylum-seekers be systematically accompanied by a security escort.

Prior to this incident, the Government of Sudan and UNHCR were seeing a reduction in kidnappings and trafficking in the east as a result of ongoing cooperation between UNHCR and the Government to fight this. In the past few days, the Government reaffirmed its commitment to tackling this phenomenon by endorsing the 2015-2017 Strategy to Address Human Trafficking, Kidnappings and Smuggling of Persons in Sudan.

Pressmeddelandet (Extern länk)

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ECRE !5-06-05:

Ungern/ EASO publishes report on Hungarian asylum system till sidans topp

The European Asylum Support Office (EASO) has published a detailed description of the Hungarian asylum system this week. The information in this report was gathered during EASO's mission to Hungary, which took place following a sharp increase of asylum seekers in the country in the last months of 2014. Over 42,000 people applied for international protection in the country in 2014, with more than half of these applications being lodged in November and December. The main countries of origin were Kosovo, Afghanistan and Syria.

According to data provided by the Hungarian Office for Immigration and Nationality, a total of 4,806 asylum seekers were detained in 2014 - representing 11% of the total number of asylum applicants - and in 2015, 481 people were detained amounting to 1% of the total number. EASO stresses that, according to Hungarian law, families with children can only be placed in asylum detention as a measure of last resort. However, the Hungarian Helsinki Committee has recently raised concerns over the frequent detention of families with children at Debrecen detention facility. According to the organisation, this detention facility is not appropriate for the detention of families as children do not attend school, there are no social or educational activities organised, the food is not adequate and there is limited open-air space.

Regarding vulnerable applicants and applicants with special needs, EASO states that there is no structured mechanism to identify people with special needs and it may be that vulnerable people do not have access to special material reception conditions for a period of time. Furthermore, psychological services in reception facilities for applicants with special needs are provided on a limited basis, EASO reports.

The report also describes other institutional and practical characteristics of the Hungarian asylum and reception system, covering access to procedure, procedures at first instance (including Dublin procedures), and reception conditions.

The statistics gathered by EASO indicate that a significant number of asylum applicants abandon their claims and move on to other Member States.

Artikeln med länkar (Extern länk)

Pressmeddelande från EASO (Extern länk)

Dokumentet: Description of the Hungarian asylum system (Extern länk till pdf-fil)

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Arkiveringsdatum 150529:

Läkare Utan Gränser 15-05-28:

Kenya/ Evakuerad personal och nedstängd verksamhet i Dadaab flyktingläger till sidans topp

Eskalerande våld och hot i nordöstra Kenya tvingar Läkare Utan Gränser att evakuera personal från flyktinglägret i Dadaab.

Organisationen har som en försiktighetsåtgärd evakuerat 42 personal till Nairobi och har därmed tvingats stänga två av fyra hälsostationer och avbryta mödravårdsaktiviteterna i sjukhuset. Detta medför allvarliga hälsokonsekvenser för främst somaliska flyktingar som är bosatta i lägret.

- Flyktingar och medicinsk personal drabbas hårdast av de försämrade säkerhetsförhållandena, säger Charles Gaudry, Läkare Utan Gränsers landansvarig i Kenya. Den nuvarande säkerhetssituationen begränsar kraftigt möjligheterna för vår personal att ge humanitär hjälp till människor som desperat behöver det.

Respekt för sjukvård ett krav

Läkare Utan Gränser uppmanar nu väpnade grupper att respektera alla sjukvårdsinrättningar, patienter och sjukvårdspersonal så ett återupptagande av den fullständiga verksamheten är möjlig inom kort.

Dadaab flyktingläger är för närvarande hem till över 350 000 människor och i mer än 20 år har generationer av somalier som har flytt den pågående konflikten i hemlandet bott i lägret. Tillgången till humanitär hjälp har under årens lopp minskat i takt med den ökade osäkerheten i lägren samt minskad finansiering av många hjälporganisationer. Trots detta är Dadaab-lägret en säkrare fristad än Somalia.

Läkare Utan Gränser kommer att fortsätta att utvärdera situationen i hopp om att säkerheten och respekten för organisationens personal i lägren kan garanteras till fullo. När dessa garantier har uppnåtts kommer Läkare Utan Gränser överväga att återuppta sin fullständiga medicinska verksamhet i Dadaab.

(...)

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EASO May 2015:

Grekland/ agreement to continue EASO support to Greece until May 2016 till sidans topp

EASO and Greece signed a new Support Plan which provides for EASO tailor-made support to Greece to be implemented over a period of 12 months. The Special Support Plan builds on the progress made within the framework of support which EASO has been providing to Greece since 2011 (under Operating Plan Phase I and II). In the next 12 months, EASO will support Greece in a number of prioritised areas, such as absorption of EU funds and other financial resources, planning and implementing projects, training Greek personnel in the framework of the EASO Training Curriculum, Dublin III procedures, Country of Origin Information (COI), setting up an effective guardianship system and transcription of interviews. In the field of reception, support will be offered in monitoring the provision of services and enhancing the quality of the reception procedure.

Pressmeddelande (Extern länk till pdf-fil)

Special support plan to Greede (Extern länk till pdf-fil)

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Arkiveringsdatum 150520:

JRS / ECRE 15-05-19:

Malta/ Jesuit Refugee Service publish testimonies of women seeking asylum in Malta till sidans topp

In a booklet titled 'No Giving Up', released by the Jesuit Refugee Service (JRS) Malta on 15 May, the experiences of six asylum seeking women in Malta are recounted as part of a project that saw JRS Malta hold group sessions with Somali women in detention. The resulting booklet gives an insight into why these women left their country, the journeys they made to reach Malta and, once there, their efforts to access legal protection.

"In my country my rights were violated. I could not go to school. I could not choose who to marry. My life was not mine but dictated by someone else. In the desert it was the same, and here too I find myself in the same situation, in detention, without any control over my life, at the dictates and mercy of someone else", said one of the women participating in the group sessions.

Through this project, JRS aimed to evaluate the services provided in Malta, and to improve them, by taking into account the experiences and perspectives of the women directly involved in their projects and services.

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Arkiveringsdatum 150511:

Justitiedepartementet 15-05-07:

Libanon/ Morgan Johansson i Jordanien och Libanon till sidans topp

Den 5-9 maj är justitie- och migrationsminister Morgan Johansson på besök i Jordanien och Libanon.

I Jordanien har Morgan Johansson bland annat träffat syriska flyktingar och besökt flyktinglägret Azraq, bland annat skolan. I Azraq finns i dag 18 000 flyktingar, varav hälften barn. Morgan Johansson besökte också UNHCR:s registreringskontor i Khalda.

Morgan Johansson har haft överläggningar med Jordaniens vice premiärminister och utrikesminister Nasser Judeh, justitieminister Bassam Talhouni, inrikesminister Hussein Majali och bostadsminister Imad Fakhoury.

- Jordanien tar ett stort ansvar för de människor som tvingas fly från krigets Syrien, och det finns i dag cirka 630 000 syriska flyktingar i landet. ISIL:s terror i Syrien och försök att destabilisera regionen är samtidigt en stor utmaning för Jordanien. Vi har diskuterat omvärldens insatser för dem som tvingas fly, vad som kan göras för att bidra till en politisk lösning samt insatserna för att bekämpa ISIL:s terror, säger Morgan Johansson i en kommentar.

Vid besöket i Jordanien träffade justitie- och migrationsministern också Andrew Harper som är ansvarig för UNHCR:s verksamhet i landet och diskuterade omvärldens insatser för att stödja Jordanien, Libanon och Turkiet som tagit emot det stora flertalet flyktingar.

Under torsdagens och fredagens besök i Libanon kommer Morgan Johansson att studera Migrationsverkets arbete med vidarebosättning av kvotflyktingar. Han kommer att besöka flyktingbosättningar i Bekaadalen och studera Libanons och UNHCR:s insatser för de syriska flyktingarna. Morgan Johansson kommer också att föra diskussioner med flera libanesiska ministrar och träffa representanter för det civila samhället och FN-organ.

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Justitiedepartementet 15-05-07:

Jordanien/ Morgan Johansson i Jordanien och Libanon till sidans topp

Den 5-9 maj är justitie- och migrationsminister Morgan Johansson på besök i Jordanien och Libanon.

I Jordanien har Morgan Johansson bland annat träffat syriska flyktingar och besökt flyktinglägret Azraq, bland annat skolan. I Azraq finns i dag 18 000 flyktingar, varav hälften barn. Morgan Johansson besökte också UNHCR:s registreringskontor i Khalda.

Morgan Johansson har haft överläggningar med Jordaniens vice premiärminister och utrikesminister Nasser Judeh, justitieminister Bassam Talhouni, inrikesminister Hussein Majali och bostadsminister Imad Fakhoury.

- Jordanien tar ett stort ansvar för de människor som tvingas fly från krigets Syrien, och det finns i dag cirka 630 000 syriska flyktingar i landet. ISIL:s terror i Syrien och försök att destabilisera regionen är samtidigt en stor utmaning för Jordanien. Vi har diskuterat omvärldens insatser för dem som tvingas fly, vad som kan göras för att bidra till en politisk lösning samt insatserna för att bekämpa ISIL:s terror, säger Morgan Johansson i en kommentar.

Vid besöket i Jordanien träffade justitie- och migrationsministern också Andrew Harper som är ansvarig för UNHCR:s verksamhet i landet och diskuterade omvärldens insatser för att stödja Jordanien, Libanon och Turkiet som tagit emot det stora flertalet flyktingar.

Under torsdagens och fredagens besök i Libanon kommer Morgan Johansson att studera Migrationsverkets arbete med vidarebosättning av kvotflyktingar. Han kommer att besöka flyktingbosättningar i Bekaadalen och studera Libanons och UNHCR:s insatser för de syriska flyktingarna. Morgan Johansson kommer också att föra diskussioner med flera libanesiska ministrar och träffa representanter för det civila samhället och FN-organ.

(...)

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UNHCR 15-05-08:

Ungern/ UNHCR calls on Hungary to protect, not persecute, refugees till sidans topp

The UN Refugee Agency on Friday spoke out against a growing expression of xenophobia in Hungary. It raised concerns over efforts by the Hungarian government to paint refugees as a threat to the country in leading questions being asked during a so-called national consultation.

"We are deeply concerned by the way the government increasingly vilifies people who have fled from war zones like Syria, Afghanistan and Iraq and who desperately need safety and protection in Hungary," said Montserrat Feixas Vihé, UNHCR Regional Representative for Central Europe based in Budapest.

While UNHCR respects the right of every country to consult its citizens in any way it chooses, the refugee agency is concerned about the wording of a questionnaire that is being sent to eight million Hungarians over the age of 18 in a process announced in late April. UNHCR believes the questions intentionally attempt to confuse refugees and asylum-seekers with so-called "economic migrants" and wrongly blame refugees for a number of purported threats to Hungary and Europe.

For example, question nine of the national consultation suggests that Hungary should be allowed to return people to their countries immediately if they entered Hungary irregularly. It is very important to remember that among the people who enter Hungary - in whatever manner -- are refugees whose lives are in danger in their own countries. These people left their country the same way 200,000 people left Hungary in 1956.

"We call on Hungary, as a signatory to the 1951 Refugee Convention, to respect the international laws it voluntarily pledged to honour," Ms. Feixas Vihé stated. "Hungary simply cannot return refugees to countries where they would face threats to their lives."

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Hela artikeln (Extern länk)

Se även:

Lydia Gall, Human Rights Watch 15-04-29: Hungary's wrong focus on migration (Extern länk)

Hungary Today 15-05-05: Anti-asylum attitudes reach record-high levels in Hungary, survey claims (Extern länk)

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Belgrade Center for Human Rights / ECRE 15-04-30:

Serbien/ Obstacles to access protection and integration prompt refugees to leave till sidans topp

A report by the Belgrade Center for Human Rights (BCHR) shows that obstacles for asylum seekers to access international protection and the lack of integration prospects in Serbia are driving many refugees to travel irregularly, and further, to reach EU countries.

The report highlights that asylum seekers can be denied access to international protection, because Serbian authorities consider that they should return to the countries they consider to be safe and through which they have transited on their way to Serbia. Serbia considers 'safe' all its neighbouring countries, including Turkey, the FYR of Macedonia and Greece. However, according to the BCHR, the Serbian authorities do not take into account whether the rights of asylum seekers are protected in these countries, a practice which was also criticised by UNHCR and other NGOs.

Furthermore, asylum seekers risk being detained and returned, as authorities do not issue ID cards immediately after the registration of the intention to seek asylum. This violates Serbian law and leaves many asylum seekers residing in Serbia without personal documents for months. Of the 16,490 people seeking asylum in Serbia in 2014, only 460 were granted an ID card.

BCHR firmly deplores the lack of integration programmes in Serbia and underlines that recognised refugees have no access to proper accommodation, education, language classes and vocational trainings.

From 2008 to the end of 2014, only 18 people were granted international protection in Serbia.

Of the 388 persons who were able to submit an asylum application in Serbia in 2014, 325 left the asylum centres in an attempt to travel to EU countries.

Artikeln med länkar (Extern länk)

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AIDA 15-04-30:

Italien/ Reception increased, treatment of subsidiary protection beneficiaries improved till sidans topp

The third update of the AIDA report on Italy provides detailed information on the decree passed last year implementing the EU Qualification Directive and increasing Italy's reception capacity to the current 20,000 places provided at the national reception centres (SPRAR).

Italian law now grants refugees and beneficiaries of subsidiary protection the same rights to family reunification and residence permits of equal duration, five years.

The report written by the Italian Council for Refugees (CIR) illustrates how obstacles still prevent asylum seekers from accessing adequate reception. For example, asylum seekers claiming asylum at police headquarters can be accommodated in reception centres only after the formal registration of their asylum claim, which may happen long after the person has been fingerprinted, thus leaving people sleeping rough on the streets. In contrast, asylum seekers rescued at sea are immediately transferred to emergency temporary reception centres (CAS), regardless of the formal registration of their applications.

Furthermore, the quality of assistance varies between the different reception centres. Over 35,000 people were accommodated in temporary accommodation centres (CAS) in 2014 and 2015. The reception conditions and services provided in these centres are not being monitored at the national level. Accommodation Centres for Asylum Seekers (CARA) and short-term accommodation centres (CDA), host around over 9,000 asylum seekers who receive basic services in large, overcrowded buildings. UNHCR has warned that asylum seekers at CARA reception centres still face poor living conditions, due to the low quality of services, the prevalence of abuses and inefficiencies as well as the complete lack of integration perspectives. Overall, centres are overcrowded and sometimes placed in remote locations. Centres of the SPRAR network, providing over 20,000 places, ensure more and better services, such as mediation and legal counselling.

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Arkiveringsdatum 150429:

Human Rights Watch 15-04-15:

Serbien/ Police abusing migrants, asylum seekers till sidans topp

Beaten, extorted, shoved back across the border

Asylum seekers and migrants in Serbia experience harassment and abuse at the hands of Serbian police, Human Rights Watch said today.

Human Rights Watch interviewed migrants and asylum seekers who described violent assaults, threats, insults, and extortion, denial of the required special protection for unaccompanied children, and summary returns to the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. Some families and unaccompanied children said they had been turned away when they tried to register as asylum seekers and were sleeping outside in the bitter cold.

"Serbian authorities should be protecting asylum seekers and immigrants, including children fleeing war and persecution, not allowing the police to victimize them," said Emina Cerimovic, Koenig fellow at Human Rights Watch. "The authorities should put an immediate stop to police intimidation and abuse and hold those responsible to account."

Between November 2014 and January 2015, Human Rights Watch interviewed 81 asylum seekers and migrants, including 18 children, in various locations in Serbia and Macedonia. Three of the interviews were conducted by phone.

Human Rights Watch found that migrants and asylum seekers experience a range of abuses at the hands of Serbian police, particularly in Subotica, a town on the border with Hungary, but also in southern and eastern Serbia, and Belgrade, the capital.

Twenty migrants and asylum seekers, including seven children ages 13 to 17, described extortion and abuse by police officers in and near Subotica. Most are Syrians or Afghans. They said the police stopped them on the street or found them in the Ciglana brick factory, a makeshift camp for migrants. They said the police forced them to hand over their money and mobile phones, insulting them and threatening violence and deportation. Five, including children, said the police hit, kicked, and punched them. Two said police hit them in the eyes with pepper spray.

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Se också reportage från Serbien:

SvT Nyheter 15-04-28: Stor ökning av migranter via Östeuropa (Extern länk)

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AIDA 15-04-16:

Belgien/ Belgium cuts accommodation amidst proposals for more restrictive policies till sidans topp

The third update of the AIDA Belgium report expresses concern around the continuous reduction of reception places for asylum seekers in the country. Following a drop from 23,800 reception places in 2013 to 19,000 in 2014, Belgium's capacity at the beginning of 2015 fell once more to 17,400 places in addition to 1,800 places that can be made readily available in a few days in case of a sudden rise in asylum applications. By the end of the year, reception capacity is expected to shrink even further to approximately 16,600 reception places, as a consequence of budget cuts. The report by the Belgian Refugee Council (BCHV-CBAR) highlights that this reduction in reception space is taking place against a background of increasing numbers of protection applications in the country, which rose from 15,800 in 2013 to over 17,000 in 2014. The increase in applications has been coupled by a rise in positive decisions on asylum claims reaching over 36% in 2014, an unprecedented recognition rate in Belgium.

As the report details, the new Belgian Government, in office since October 2014, has expressed its intention to introduce a number of restrictive measures affecting protection seekers' access to rights throughout the asylum procedure. Beyond gradual limitations on its reception capacity, Belgium is set to include more countries in its 'safe country of origin' list, thereby enabling asylum authorities to consider inadmissible the applications for international protection of these countries' nationals. Asylum applications from these countries nationals are not examined in substance on the assumption that persecution is unlikely to occur in these countries.

Moreover, the government has stated they would increase the use of detention, including of families with children.

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Arkiveringsdatum 150413:

UNHCR / ECRE 15-04-10:

Grekland/ UNHCR: Greece requested to examine and review detention orders till sidans topp

In its recommendations to the new Greek government UNHCR has called, amongst others, for the revocation of a domestic Decree allowing the prolongation of detention beyond 18 months in pre-removal detention centres as well as a consistent and timely examination of the legality of administrative detention orders. UNHCR has also requested the Greek authorities to process and examine expeditiously the asylum applications of persons placed in pre-removal detention and to thoroughly examine deportation orders, issuing a renewable six-month suspension if removal is not feasible.

UNHCR calls on Greece to ensure that informal returns at the borders do not occur, that any allegations of these returns are investigated and that increased human resources are available to coast guard and local authorities in order to adequately receive refugees entering the country.

In terms of reception, UNHCR calls on Greece to ensure that First Reception Centres are fully equipped with staff and a framework for referring persons with special reception needs to appropriate facilities is set up for vulnerable applicants. Moreover, UNHCR requests Greece to increase the number of reception places to address the basic needs of asylum seekers and to ensure that reception centres meet adequate standards.

UNHCR also urges Greece to establish a public legal aid system for asylum seekers, to prioritise the examination of the back-log of cases as well as to review the applications of persons given humanitarian statuses under the old regime. According to the report these persons are in fact eligible for subsidiary protection. In addition UNHCR recommends that Greece ensures adequate protection of unaccompanied children by assigning responsibility to an administrative entity with expertise in child welfare. The administrative entity should assess protection needs, co-ordinate with different stakeholders and ensure that children have practical access to asylum procedures.

Lastly, UNHCR urges Greece to expand the scope of family reunification to subsidiary protection beneficiaries, reduce the time to respond to reunification requests as well as ensuring that the renewal of residence permits are swift and effective.

ECRE-artikeln (Extern länk)

Läs eller hämta rekommendationerna "Greece as a Country of Asylum" från UNHCR (Extern länk)

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AIDA 15-04-09:

Cypern/ Cyprus continues to detain asylum seekers beyond lawful time-limits till sidans topp

Asylum seekers in Cyprus are being detained for longer periods than what is prescribed by law, according to a new AIDA report on Cyprus. The Future Worlds Center reports that since the end of 2014, asylum claims of people in detention ought to be processed within 30 days, with appeals taking no more than 15 days, following the introduction of a fast-track procedure. If the applicant is granted international protection or the decision is delayed, they must therefore be released. Latest monitoring by Future Worlds Center suggests that the prescribed time-limits are not being followed by the authorities.

Furthermore, Cyprus continues to detain asylum seekers for deportation purposes as soon as their protection claims have been refused at the first instance, without providing the opportunity to effectively exercise their right to appeal before the Supreme Court. Asylum seekers who are waiting for a final decision from the Supreme Court continue to risk deportation.

Asylum seekers returning to Cyprus under Dublin procedures pending a final decision on their application are not detained in practice, in a break away from the country's previous detention policy.

The report also refers to the expansion of the Kofinou Reception Centre's capacity to host 400 residents. Despite the increase in size, asylum seekers are reluctant to actually reside there given the location in a remote area with no easy access to the country's urban areas. The majority of applicants therefore opt out from accommodation in Kofinou and are given no further state support. At the time of writing, Cyprus counted approximately 2,700 persons with a pending application for international protection, with only 122 residing at Kofinou.

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Arkiveringsdatum 150327:

AIDA 15-03-05:

Österrike/ Children & other asylum seekers left without adequate accommodation till sidans topp

A new AIDA report shows that shortcomings in the asylum system in Austria, and the lack of reception places, lead to serious overcrowding in the initial reception centre, resulting in some asylum seekers having to sleep in sport halls and, at the end of 2014, in military barracks.

BFA, the national authority responsible for processing claims, was understaffed and had experienced problems with its database, which led to only a few asylum applications being processed. In Austria, from January to June 2014, 8,395 people applied for asylum. As asylum applications continued to increase in the second half of the year, and more people were awaiting a decision for longer periods, Austria's reception places for asylum seekers were soon not sufficient to accommodate all asylum seekers in the system.

The report also shows that unaccompanied children seeking asylum suffered heavily due to the system's failures. According to the report, many asylum seekers under 18 saw no substantive action taken on their case after registration of their claim. No decision was taken from January to June 2014. Reception places adapted to the needs of children were lacking, leading to unaccompanied children being accommodated, together with adults, in regular centres.

The government has been working on a new programme for the distribution of asylum seekers across the country, which should be operational by July 2015. But the report notes that no draft law is yet available which would be necessary to implement the changes.

Austria resettled 500 refugees from Syria in 2014 and has committed to resettle a further 1,000 Syrian refugees.

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ECRE 15-03-20:

Ungern/ Families with children and vulnerable people detained with no judicial review till sidans topp

A new AIDA report by the Hungarian Helsinki Committee underlines that judicial review of immigration and asylum detention in Hungary continues to be ineffective, in breach of EU law and with no sign of efforts being made to solve the problem. The Hungarian Helsinki Committee stresses that the courts' decisions upholding detention do not provide individual reasoning with regards to the lawfulness and proportionality of detention and fail to consider the individual circumstances of the persons concerned.

Furthermore, detention is reviewed every 60 days, which excludes it being used for as short a period as possible and only until the grounds for detention are applicable as required by EU law.

Vulnerable persons - except for unaccompanied children- such as the elderly and persons with disabilities can also be detained and left without adequate support. In practice, since September 2014, families with children are often detained. Children do not attend school and are intimidated by police officers and armed security guards in uniform, with truncheons and handcuffs.

4,829 asylum seekers were detained in Hungary in 2014. The maximum period of asylum detention is six months. Families with children under 18 years of age may not be detained for more than 30 days.

The Hungarian Helsinki Committee underlines, that although Hungarian legislation provides that the needs of asylum seekers with special needs should be addressed, there is no practical identification mechanism in place to identify such persons.

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AIDA / ECRE 15-03-13:

Grekland/ Visit to Fylakio shows asylum seekers stuck in 'detention carrousel' till sidans topp

Despite its potential, the Greek system of referral of third country nationals to the appropriate procedures (known as 'first reception'), coupled with a dramatic lack of reception places, results in practice in asylum seekers and migrants, including children, being held in detention, often for prolonged periods. This is the conclusion of a report published this week following an ECRE delegation visit to the Fylakio First 'Reception' Centre and the adjacent Fylakio Detention Centre in the Evros region.

Migrants arriving irregularly in the Evros region may be detained for up to seven days in a police station, or in the Fylakio Detention Centre, before they are transferred to the First Reception Centre in Fylakio. Although the facility is called a 'reception centre' and the conditions are better than in the Fylakio Detention Centre, it is ECRE's view that the situation is also one of detention as they are deprived of their liberty; people are not allowed to leave without permission and the centre is secured with barbed wire and permanently guarded by the Hellenic Police. From the 'First Reception Centre', many people are referred back to the Fylakio Detention Centre, or another detention centre, either for their removal, for the completion of their asylum application or because there is no appropriate open accommodation available.

(...)

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Hämta rapporten "What's in a name? The reality of First "Reception" at Evros" (Extern länk)

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AIDA / ECRE 15-03-20:

Bulgarien/ Recognised refugees left with no support during 'zero integration year' till sidans topp

No integration perspectives for persons being granted international protection, refugees being pushed back at the border with Turkey and discrimination against asylum seekers from Maghreb and sub-Saharan Africa in detention. This is the picture described by the new AIDA report on Bulgaria, written by the Bulgarian Helsinki Committee (BHC).

The report qualifies 2014 as 'zero integration year'. Recognised refugees have received no integration support in Bulgaria during 2014, apart from being allowed to stay in reception centres for 6 months after being granted asylum. In consequence, 23% of the individuals accommodated in reception centres (850 people) by January 2015, were recognised refugees. In consequence, refugees have had an extremely limited access to basic social, labour and health rights and their willingness to permanently settle in Bulgaria has decreased to a minimum.

Regarding the situation at the borders, the report details that 6,400 people who had fled Syria, Afghanistan and Iraq, were refused access to Bulgaria and were returned to Turkey in 2014. Since January 2015, Bulgaria has intensified border controls and police officers at the borders have been replaced by the army.

In 2014, reception conditions in centres for asylum seekers have achieved minimum standards. However, UNHCR expressed concerns regarding the sustainability of these improvements, namely considering that by the end of 2014 6,873 asylum seekers were facing being sent back to Bulgaria under the Dublin regulation. As of January 2015, Bulgaria's reception and registration centres had capacity to host 5,650 people.

The study also underlines that 96% of the persons seeking asylum at the border (3,851 people) were detained at Elhovo Allocation Centre in 2014. Here, asylum seekers stay for three to six days before moving to reception centres, well beyond the 24 hours maximal delay allowed by national law. The average detention period in other centres decreased from 45 to 11 days, in 2014.

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Arkiveringsdatum 150305:

AIDA 15-02-26;

Nederländerna/ AIDA update takes stock of asylum procedures, reception & detention till sidans topp

A new AIDA report on asylum in the Netherlands shows, among other findings, how the European Court of Human Rights judgement in Tarakhel v. Switzerland is beginning to shape national practice. The report, written by the Dutch Council for Refugees, states that, following the judgement, the Netherlands has adopted a new policy to only return asylum-seeking families to Italy if a guarantee has been attained from the Italian government that the family will be accommodated in a way adapted to the age of the children and that the family will be kept together. If the process to attain such a guarantee takes longer than a few days, the family's asylum claim will instead be examined by the Netherlands.

The report also underlines that, from September 2014, the Netherlands no longer detains children who claim asylum at the border. However, Dutch law still allows for the detention of asylum-seeking children.

The AIDA update includes potentially significant developments in the material reception of asylum seekers whose applications have been rejected. Following a report published in November by the European Committee of Social Rights (ECSR), which stated that the Netherlands should provide shelter, clothes and food to all irregular migrants, the Dutch Administrative High Court has already ordered one municipality to provide shelter and food for rejected asylum seekers.

It is highlighted that, on 17 October 2014, the Netherlands temporarily suspended both asylum decisions and the return of rejected applicants to certain regions of Iraq. These individuals are entitled to material reception benefits equal to first-time asylum applicants to the Netherlands, and can therefore stay in designated reception centres.

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Europarådet / ECRE 15-02-27:

Frankrike/ Commissioner: French reception system is failing asylum seekers till sidans topp

The Council of Europe's Commissioner for Human Rights, Nils Mui?nieks, has denounced serious and chronic deficiencies in the French reception system for asylum seekers, which is leaving many asylum seekers, including families, sleeping rough or reliant on precarious emergency accommodation.

Only 33% of applicants for international protection in France had access to a reception centre for asylum seekers (CADA) and approximately only 2,200 places are made available by the temporary reception service (ATSA). Consequently, most asylum seekers are forced to rely on emergency accommodation; numbering, for example, 24,600 in 2013. During his visit to France from 22 to 26 September 2014, the Commissioner met asylum seekers and unaccompanied children from Afghanistan and Sub-Saharan countries living in the streets. Asylum seekers without stable accommodation must receive a daily allowance of 11,20 €, an insufficient amount for people to meet their basic needs.

With regard to unaccompanied children, the Commissioner was informed that many of them are detained at France's borders, not always separated from adults, thus exposing them to possible abuse and exploitation.

Furthermore, Commissioner Mui?nieks urged France to remove the obstacles that prevent Syrian refugees from seeking asylum in France, and in particular the obligation, since January 2013, for Syrians to obtain an airport transit visa. The Commissioner also noted that, although the French authorities had committed in October 2013 to resettle 500 Syrian refugees, less than half of them had actually been resettled by September 2014, at the time of the Commissioner's visit.

Moreover, the Commissioner called on France to find durable solutions to the critical situation of migrants in Calais and to better protect them from xenophobic violence.

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 150221:

AIDA / ECRE 15-02-20:

Storbritannien/ Detention of asylum seekers in the UK in focus in new AIDA Report till sidans topp

The new AIDA report on asylum procedures, reception and detention in the United Kingdom underlines, among other developments, the judicial developments in the UK regarding the detained fast-track policy.

The Court of Appeal held in December 2014 that it is unlawful to detain asylum seekers in the 'fast-track procedure', pending appeal, if the only grounds are that the authorities consider it will allow for a 'quick procedure' and that it is more convenient. The Court found that other reasons for detention must also exist, such as the risk of absconding.

Because the 'detained fast-track procedure' did not always allow for a proper opportunity for detained asylum seekers to get legal advice before their asylum interview, a July 2014 High Court judgment, on a case launched by NGO Detention Action, found that the system was not operating lawfully. Following this judgment, the UK government department for home affairs (Home Office) made adjustments to the operation of the procedure, including to ensure that the substantive interview takes places at least four days after a lawyer has been appointed to the case.

The report highlighted the fact that at the end of the third quarter of 2014, 425 migrants were detained in prisons for migration management purposes.

Further information on detention practice in the report shows that the National Health Service (NHS) has not contracted health care to specialist health providers but, rather, to private companies running detention centres and security escort services. The result is a great variation, between centres, in the quality and provision of health care services, including the identification and treatment of mental illness and distress.

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Läkare i Världen 15-02-19:

Serbien/ Asylsökande tvingas leva i skogen till sidans topp

Asylsökande, flyktingar och migranter tvingas bosätta sig i skogen och övergivna byggnader mitt i den stränga vintern i Serbien. Antalet asylsökande i Serbien har tredubblats sedan 2013 och Läkare Utan Gränsers team vittnar om att många av dem saknar både mat och tak över huvudet. Organisationen uppmanar de serbiska myndigheterna, EU och FN:s flyktingorgan UNHCR att ge de asylsökande skydd och behandla dem med värdighet.

Trots att temperaturen under vintern kan ligger runt 20 minusgrader har många asylsökande inget annat val än att sova utomhus, under en presenning eller i enkla tält när de anländer till Serbien. Läkare Utan Gränsers team bistår människorna med sjukvård i staden Bogovadja, cirka 80 kilometer från huvudstaden Belgrad, där dussintals asylsökande varje dag väntar på att bli registrerade. Ändå handlägger asylcentret endast några få registreringar om dagen och tvingar människor, även gravida kvinnor och barn, att vänta i skogen som omger staden. Ibland måste migranterna vänta i flera dagar.

Läkare Utan Gränser finns också på plats i staden Subotica, nära gränsen till Ungern, där flyktingar vistas i övergivna och förstörda byggnader.

- Byggnaderna har inga tak, inga dörrar och ingen elektricitet. Man kan säga att människorna där kampar, fast utan någon som helst utrustning, säger Läkare Utan Gränser koordinator i Balkanregionen, Stuart Alexander Zimble.

Läkare Utan Gränser driver mobila kliniker i Bogovadja och Subotica för att bistå flyktingarna och migranterna med sjukvård. Många drabbas av förkylningar och luftvägsinfektioner. Organisationens team delar dessutom ut mat och andra förnödenheter.

(...)

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Medecins Sans Frontieres 15-02-19: Asylum seekers and migrants left in cold (Extern länk)

Medicins Sans Frontieres photo collection: Transit denied: stranded in cold Serbia (Extern länk)

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AIDA / ECRE 15-02-20:

Irland/ New AIDA report highlights need to reform 'Direct Provision' reception system till sidans topp

A new AIDA update on asylum in Ireland highlights, among other new findings, the need for and progress towards a reform of Direct Provision, the reception system in Ireland providing accommodation for asylum seekers and prohibiting asylum seekers from working.

The momentum for change in Direct Provision has continued to grow in Ireland. The official Government Priorities for 2014 to 2016 included an explicit commitment to address the current reception system and an independent working group was established in October 2014 to focus on respecting the dignity and improving the quality of life of applicants for international protection within the protection process in Ireland. The group is due to report to the government with its recommendations by Easter 2015.

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 150211:

Amnesty International 15-02-04:

Jordanien/ Untold stories of Syria's most vulnerable refugees till sidans topp

A new report from Amnesty International throws the spotlight on the human face of Syria's refugee crisis, through the stories of eight people and families who have fled the conflict and are struggling to survive in Lebanon, Jordan and Iraq.

Hardship, Hope and Resettlement: Refugees from Syria tell their stories highlights the life-changing opportunity that international resettlement can offer to some of the most vulnerable refugees. Its publication marks the launch of Amnesty International's #OpenToSyria campaign.

The campaign aims to put pressure on wealthy countries, through public support, to accept a greater numbers of vulnerable refugees from Syria through resettlement and other humanitarian admission programmes. So far, the international response to the crisis has been pitiful and some of the richest countries have done very little.

"With close to 4 million refugees, the scale of the crisis is overwhelming. This report tells the stories of the real people behind the numbers, in their own words," said Sherif Elsayed-Ali, Amnesty International's Head of Refugee and Migrants' Rights.

"Many of them have been through hell, they have endured heart-breaking ordeals and face daily struggles in their current lives as refugees. Resettlement can help offer them a much needed lifeline - a glimmer of hope for a better future."

Some of those featured in the report include a 23-year-old woman trying to care for her four children alone in Lebanon, a gay man facing threats in Jordan and the family of a 12-year-old boy with cancer in need of medical treatment in Iraq.

Around 380,000 refugees have been identified as vulnerable and in need of resettlement by the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR). They include torture and rape survivors, sick or unaccompanied children and others who are considered vulnerable. Only a tiny fraction of refugees have been resettled so far.

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International Detention Coalition 15-11-28:

Australien/ UN Committee Against Torture criticizes mandatory detention policies till sidans topp

On 28 November 2014, the United Nations Committee Against Torture (CAT) issued its Concluding Observations on Australia's Fourth and Fifth Periodic Reports under the United Nations Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment ("Convention Against Torture").

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Some of the Committee's key recommendations to the Australian government include:

+ Repeal the policy of mandatory immigration detention for all unauthorized arrivals and ensure that immigration detention is used as a measure of last resort and only where strictly necessary.

+ Impose statutory time limits for detention and provide detainees with access to effective judicial remedies.

+ Guarantee that all asylum seekers who are under Australia's "effective control" are protected against torture, inhumane and degrading treatment, regardless of their mode and/or date of arrival. This includes persons transferred to regional processing centres in Papua New Guinea and Nauru

+ "[C]ontinue and redouble its efforts with a view to expanding the use of alternatives to closed immigration detention."

The Committee also expressed its concern over the transfer of asylum seekers to processing centres on Manus, in Papua New Guinea, and Nauru, "despite reports on the harsh conditions prevailing in these centres, including mandatory detention, including for children; overcrowding, inadequate healthcare; and even allegations of sexual abuse and ill-treatment".

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Europarådet 15-02-04:

Europa/ Syrian refugees crisis - "Reset" needed in Europe's approach till sidans topp

The Commissioner's Human Rights Comments

Just over a year ago, I decided to follow the steps of Syrian refugees in Europe, to better understand what they were going through. At that time, I was worried that most European governments were reacting with indifference to the biggest refugee crisis facing our continent in over two decades. There were reports of Syrian refugees being pushed back, while others, having arrived in Europe, ended up in detention. Turkey was the only country to have opened its arms to Syrians in need. Elsewhere in Europe, Germany, Sweden and Armenia had taken steps to receive a limited number of Syrians through resettlement and other forms of admission, while other countries were lagging behind. I concluded that Europe had failed to rise to the challenge and was neglecting this crisis.

The crisis widened and deepened in 2014

In the week spanning the passage from 2014 to 2015, more than 1 000 refugees, the majority of whom were Syrians, were rescued from two overcrowded "ghost ships" towed ashore in Italy. Their arrival caused alarm and prompted new promises that Europe would increase its efforts to primarily fight smugglers in the Mediterranean. Yet, the situation of Syrian refugees gives far more cause for alarm than that.

In 2014, the scale of the Syrian refugee crisis continued to grow exponentially. Syrians have become the largest refugee group in the world under the UNHCR mandate, the vast majority of them - over 3.8 million - still being hosted by Syria's neighbouring countries. The number of Syrian refugees has by now exceeded 1.6 million in Turkey, 1.1 million in Lebanon, and 620 000 in Jordan.

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Arkiveringsdatum 150130:

Amnesty International 15-01-19:

Australian and PNG authorities must respect asylum seekers' right to protest till sidans topp

Amnesty International is calling on the governments of Australia and Papua New Guinea to protect the rights and welfare of asylum seekers currently protesting their detention in the Manus Island Detention Centre.

Hunger strikes

"The authorities must, as far as possible, ensure the health, welfare and safety of protesting detainees, and respect their right to protest peacefully, including through hunger strikes," said Graeme McGregor, Refugee Campaign Coordinator.

"Security guards and police must ensure that their response to protest is restrained and proportionate to the circumstances."

The call follows media reports that on the night of Friday 16 January security staff entered the detention centre's living compounds, where asylum seekers have been staging hunger strikes to protest the length and conditions of their detention, as well as plans to move recognised refugees to housing they deem unsafe.

Conditions in the centre

Many of the men have been in detention since August 2013. Amnesty International visited the detention centre and found that some conditions in the centre violate the UN Convention Against Torture.

The Australian Government has given no evidence that those conditions have been improved. Amnesty International concluded that the facility is designed to pressure asylum seekers to return regardless of whether they will face persecution in the countries from which they fled.

Reza Berati

The current unrest follows the violence of February 2014, when security staff and police entered the living compounds at the detention centre, assaulting detainees with sticks, machetes and guns.

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UNHCR December 2014:

Grekland/ UNHCR observations on the current asylum system in Greece till sidans topp

/From Executive Summary:/

This paper assesses the current asylum system in Greece and notes developments in particular since the last publication of UNHCR's Observations on the current situation of asylum in Greece1 and the M.S.S. v Greece and Belgium judgment.

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While first and second line reception conditions are generally insufficient, they are particularly so for individuals with specific needs, such as unaccompanied and separated children (UASC), single women, and other vulnerable individuals, resulting in homelessness of asylum-seekers and difficulties accessing much needed health services. While national legislation stipulates that special consideration and priority should be given to the identification, assistance, and protection of these groups, this has been difficult in practice. (...)

Effective security and integration of beneficiaries of international protection is further impeded by the high-levels of xenophobia and racist violence against migrants and refugees. While the Greek authori- ties have adopted a series of reforms and actions to record, prosecute and prevent related crimes more effectively, persons of concern to UNHCR continue to be subjects of verbal and physical abuse that remain unaddressed.

The report concludes with a recommendation to Governments to continue to refrain from returning asylum-seekers to Greece.

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Human Rights Watch 15-01-20:

Frankrike/ Migrants, asylum seekers abused and destitute till sidans topp

Investigate reports of police abuse in Calais, provide shelter

Asylum seekers and migrants living in destitution in the port city of Calais experience harassment and abuse at the hands of French police, Human Rights Watch said today. The abuses described to Human Rights Watch include beatings and attacks with pepper spray as the migrants and asylum seekers walked in the street or hid in trucks in the hope of traveling to the United Kingdom.

Several thousand asylum seekers and migrants, most from Sudan, Eritrea, and Ethiopia, are living in makeshift camps or in the streets in Calais. Some said that their treatment by police, a lack of housing for asylum seekers, and delays in the French asylum system had deterred them from seeking asylum in France.

"Asylum seekers and migrants shouldn't have to face police violence in France, and no one who applies for asylum should be left to live in the street," said Izza Leghtas, Western Europe researcher at Human Rights Watch. "Providing adequate reception conditions and humane treatment for asylum seekers isn't only a matter of meeting legal obligations, it is also the right thing to do to help end the limbo for many asylum seekers in Calais."

In November and December 2014, Human Rights Watch spoke with 44 asylum seekers and migrants in Calais, including 3 children. Most interviews were conducted in groups. The migrants and asylum seekers described what appear to be routine abuses by police officers when they tried to hide in trucks or as they walked in the town.

Nineteen, including two of the children, said police had abused them at least once, including beatings. Eight had visible broken limbs or other injuries, which they alleged were caused by police in Calais and surrounding areas. Twenty one, including two children, said police had sprayed them with pepper spray.

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The Guardian 15-12-23: At least 15 migrants died in 'shameful' Calais conditions in 2014 (Extern länk)

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Källor: Informationen på denna sida är hämtad från följande källor (externa länkar): EU (kommissionen, ministerrådet, parlamentet och domstolen), Europarådet (mr-kommissionären, domstolen, kommittén mot tortyr), FN:s flyktingkommissariat UNHCR, FN:s kommitté mot tortyr m.fl. FN-organ, svenska media via Eniro och pressmeddelanden via Newsdesk, utländska media främst via I Care och IRR, internationella organisationer som Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, ECRE, ENAR, Statewatch, Noborder och Picum, organisationer i Sverige som Rädda Barnen, Röda Korset, Svenska Amnesty, FARR, Rosengrenska och InfoTorg Juridik (betaltjänst) samt myndigheter och politiska organ som Migrationsverket, Sveriges domstolar, JO, Justitiedepartementet m.fl. departement och Sveriges Riksdag.

Bevakning: Josefin Åström, Hjalte Lagercrantz, Karin Nilsson Kelly, Sanna Vestin. Sammanställning: Sanna Vestin. Asylnytt är ett ideellt projekt.