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Fridh advokatbyrå

Sponsrad av Fridh Advokatbyrå

ARKIV:

Nya regler och lagförslag

Flyktinggrupper, landpraxis

Gränser: passage och hinder

Mottagande av asylsökande

Asylutredning och procedur

Skäl för och emot tillstånd

Tvång, hot och deportationer

Papperslösa, gömda, utvisade

Stöd och solidaritet

EU:s flykting- och gränspolitik

Allmänt om migration, statistik

Integration och uppföljning

Debatt och partipolitik

Kultur, personer, diverse

Flyktinggruppernas Riksråd, FARR

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Mottagande och bemötande av asylsökande

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Arkiveringsdatum 190610:

AYS 19-05-18:

Turkiet/ A secret document could prove Turkey is not a safe third country till sidans topp

PRO ASYL and Refugee Support Aegean (RSA) urge EASO to release a crucial report on the Turkish Asylum system from 15th June 2016.

The document is believed to include information that would show that Turkey is not a safe third country and cannot be considered as such. This would have implications on rejected asylum claims that are made based on inadmissibility grounds.

The full document was never published due to the reason that it brought to light many facts about Turkey that went against the political agenda of the EU Commission and other key players such as EASO and EU member states. All of these actors have promoted the EU-Turkey deal and considered it to be a "big success."

RSA reports that they have requested to access the documents from EASO, but the agency responded by providing a heavily redacted version of the report.

It is alleged that the document has been downgraded because it documented that Turkey cannot be considered as a safe third country. Some traces indicating that Turkey does not fulfil the criteria of a safe country are existent already in the redacted version of the document.

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Metin Gurcan i Almonitor 19-06-04: Why Turkey is closing down Syrian refugee camps (Extern länk)

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AYS 19-06-07:

Libyen/ Libya: Between hell and hell till sidans topp

Deaths at Seas and in Detention, Arrests at the Border and Forced Returns

As the Libyan Civil War continues, a boat carrying people trying to escape sunk at sea on Wednesday. The Libyan Coast Guard report 'rescuing' 92 people, but of course will only return them to the inherently dangerous situation they were desperately trying to leave. There is no official figure for deaths from this ship wreck, and figures vary as to the number of people originally on board and the numbers of those rescued.

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Mosaic 19-06-04:

Bangladesh/ How to survive in the world's largest refugee camp till sidans topp

A million Rohingya refugees in crowded shelters with poor sanitation - ideal conditions for infections to spread. Here's how to stop these deadly outbreaks.

Local villagers helped Shamsark off the boat, all but carrying her and her three small children as they stumbled up the slippery bank to safety. She took one look back across the river, through the grey mist to the orange fires of burning Rohingya villages, to where their whole lives had been, where she'd left her husband's body lying on the ground after he'd been shot.

Then she turned away and led her children through the scrubland to the roadside, joining tens of thousands of other weary refugees clustering around the bright printed logos of international relief organisations.

In Kutupalong camp, near Cox's Bazar in the far south-east of Bangladesh, Shamsark and her children received emergency food supplies, water and medical attention. She was registered as the female head of household, and given plastic sheeting, matting, bamboo poles and a ten-square-metre plot on a bare hillside. Here, she had to try to construct a new life for her surviving family.

Here, in a 'town' of nearly 1 million refugees, where only temporary shelters were allowed. Here, where the rain would wash the topsoil off deforested hillsides into mudslides. Here, where much of the water was unclean and people often had to slosh knee-deep through mud and human waste.

The risk of infections was high. The children were vaccinated against measles, rubella and polio almost immediately but there were other diseases to worry about, most notably cholera. Many of the aid workers in the camp remembered Haiti after the devastating earthquake in 2010. Ten months later, that country experienced its first cholera outbreak in a century, and it is still going - nearly 10,000 people have died of cholera in Haiti since 2010, and there have been more than 800,000 cases.

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Kent Live 19-05-26:

Storbritannien/ This is what really happens to refugees when they arrive on Kent coast till sidans topp

"Some people think asylum seekers live in 12 bedroom houses but that's not true"

Kent has seen a huge increase in the amount of asylum seekers risking everything to start a new life in the UK.

With places like Dover being a mere hour from Calais, this year has seen a huge spark of migrants dangerously crossing the Channel.

The Dover Strait has the busiest shipping lanes in the world, but still some manage to reach quieter shorelines like The Warren at Folkestone or the beach at Kingsdown, near Deal.

MPs Charlie Elphicke and Damian Collins have both called for more to be done to prevent migrants from crossing the Channel.

Mr Elphicke even called for 24 hour drone patrols to send small vessels leaving the French coast back to France safely.

But the Kent Refugee Action Network (KRAN), who support young people seeking asylum or refugees, say people need to have more compassion for them.

They also claim there is a lot of misinformation regarding what happens to refugees when they arrive on our shores.

Some may not have even had a choice in which country they could claim asylum, having been transported through Europe by people traffickers.

Kent Live spoke to Bridget Chapman, the learning and project coordinator at KRAN, to discover the full process a refugee goes through once they arrive in Kent, where they go on to live, and how much money they can claim.

What happens when migrants first arrive in Kent?

The first step is that Border Force will take care of the refugees when they first enter the UK.

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AYS 19-06-03:

Kroatien/ Teachers banned from tutoring refugee children till sidans topp

In an act of political revenge, AYS teachers are expelled from Porin center in Zagreb

As most of our readers know, Are You Syrious is a volunteer-run NGO that has for now four years provided integration support to asylum seekers and grantees in Croatia. Apart from running an independent integration center, a free shop, offering language lessons, assisting refugees in finding housing and entering labour market and doing numerous other activities, we had continuously volunteered in Hotel Porin, Zagreb's only reception center for asylum seekers, where we ran programs with the specific focus on refugee children. There, in daily shifts, our volunteers prepared the children of asylum seekers for entrance into the education system and guided them through the schooling process. Our main activities inside and outside of Porin included teaching children the Croatian language, assisting them with studying and homework to prepare them for upcoming exams, taking them on fieldtrips, and cultural activities, and not least of all, lots of playing.

In the Reception Centre, Are You Syrious founded the Big Sister/Big Brother program through which every child or family got their personal volunteer to make their integration into Croatian society easier. The same volunteers were often a bridge between families and schools, in moments when, because of language barriers or other obstacles, they could not establish or maintain direct communication with teachers and other school staff. So far we have provided around 5,000 hours of tutoring and supervision to refugee children in Porin camp. Eventually, when a family is granted international protection, our volunteers continue assisting the children in the same learning activities aforementioned outside Porin.

Through the Big Sister/Big Brother program every child or family got their personal volunteer to make their integration into Croatian society easier. Photo: AYS

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AYS 19-05-21:

Grekland/ Report shows that 1,007 children went missing between 2018 and 2019 till sidans topp

According to a report presented by the Hellenic Police, 299 children went missing in Greece during the course of 2018.

The report also underlines that 257 of these children were eventually found.

From the 299 children who went missing last year, 123 were boys and 176 were girls. Of these, 96 boys and 161 girls were found, leaving 27 boys and 15 girls still missing. [...]

In the first four months of 2019, 45 boys and 71 girls went missing, of whom 39 boys and 58 girls were found, leaving 6 boys and 13 girls still missing.

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Vårt Europa blogg 19-05-23:

Grekland/ Innanför EU:s yttre gräns till sidans topp

Grekland är det EU-land som har flest asylsökande i förhållande till invånarantalet. Artikeln tar upp den ekonomiska krisen som består, flyktingars känsla av hopplöshet, pressen från andra EU-länder, svårigheten att lämna in sin asylansökan, långa väntetider, och att 16 grekiska frivilligorganisationer nyligen än en gång protesterat mot att människor som söker asyl placeras i förvar.

Är Greklands ekonomiska kris över nu? Nej.

Premiärministern Alexis Tsipras har officiellt sagt att Grekland har lämnat den ekonomiska krisen bakom sig.

Men effekten av den långa krisen är inte över. Långvarig utarmning äter sig in i människors liv.

Många har skatteskulder och bankskulder och vet inte om de kommer kunna behålla sina hem. Många har blivit vräkta på grund av att de inte har kunnat betala för sig. Många äktenskap har spruckit på grund av påtvingad trångboddhet, arbetslöshet och fattigdom. Människor har dött i förtid, en del genom självmord. Den höga arbetslösheten sägs ha minskat något, men frågan är om inte det beror på att många har emigrerat. Unga utbildade har lämnat Grekland i flera år nu, och fortfarande drömmer många om att göra det. Grekland är det mest skuldsatta landet i eurozonen och skulden har ökat trots avbetalningarna. Nya nedskärningar planeras troligen.

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Vårt Europa blogg 19-05-27: Nyval i Grekland tidigt i juli (Extern länk)

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AYS 19-05-26:

Grekland/ Protestors on Samos met with Batons and Tear Gas till sidans topp

Refugees protesting the deplorable conditions in the Samos camp were met with tear gas and police batons this Saturday morning. According to statements by NGO workers and refugees, a protest began around 7:30 on Saturday morning when a line of police officers blocked the path of refugees.

An independent photojournalist who is working on the island, Jérôme Fourcade, was detained by the police, who demanded to see the contents of his camera. Fourcade and a number of NGO workers at the scene were taken to the police station, but were released without charges after a few hours.

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Euronews 19-05-21: Follow Sarah from Uganda inside the migrants' jungle in Samos (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 190517:

Sveriges Radio Studio Ett 19-05-03:

Libyen/ På flykt från Libyen till sidans topp

I Libyen fortsätter krigsherren Haftar sin offensiv mot huvudstaden Tripoli för att ta över makten från regeringen där som stöds av FN. Landet har sedan många år varit i kaos med strider mellan olika miliser, men de senaste veckorna har kriget intensifierats.

Och mitt i detta finns flera hundratusen migranter.

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Lyssna till inslaget (Extern länk)

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Public Health Magazine May 2019:

Grekland/ In Greece, unaccompanied minor refugees fall through service gaps till sidans topp

In a fly-infested kitchen at the Thiva refugee camp about 50 miles from Athens, Greece, 16-year-old Fayaz slices up watermelon for a snack. Tall with prominent front teeth and wearing a faded pink t-shirt, he lives in a white, trailer-like box that camp residents call containers.

Originally a textile mill, the remote facility was converted two years ago into a camp, which now houses about 800 refugees. Many of them came to Greece during the height of the European refugee crisis in 2015 and early 2016.

The influx of more than a million people strained Greece's refugee and migrant facilities beyond the breaking point. Arrivals were held on Greek islands in overcrowded and squalid camps known as reception and identification centers, or RICs.

Fayaz was 12 when he left his home in Afghanistan in 2014 to escape a turbulent combination of family instability and political violence. Traveling through the same illegal immigration networks that Afghans have used for 30 years, Fayaz arrived in Turkey. There, he got a job working 14 hours a day in an electronics factory.

In April 2016, he boarded a fragile boat on Turkey's Aegean coast. Crowded with fellow immigrants, it set out on the perilous journey to Greece. Since arriving on Lesbos island, Fayaz has been shuttled through a series of facilities for unaccompanied minors operated primarily by NGOs-first on Lesbos, then in Athens, now in Thiva.

Two years after arriving, he hasn't found the life he had hoped for.

A Patchwork of Shelters

Fayaz belongs to the most vulnerable of refugee groups in Greece: the 3,600 unaccompanied minors. As soon as they reach Greek shores, most UAMs begin their odyssey through the child protection system at chronically under-resourced RICs. The next move might be to a shelter. Typically, these are hotels, houses or apartments managed by NGOs.

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Deportation Monitoring Aegean 19-05-13:

Grekland/ The Death of Dreams - A Voice from Prison till sidans topp

Many people who come to Europe looking for freedom and safety find themselves imprisoned. While the EU politics forcibly keep people trapped in overcrowded and barbed wired camps on the Greek islands, the Greek police uses harsh crack down strategies in order to suppress conflicts and protests arising from the unbearable living conditions in the camps.

Migrants on the Greek islands find themselves in a situation of detainability - regardless of whether they committed an offense or not, they do not only have to bear the constant insecurity of the camp but have to live under the constant threat of being arrested and detained.

Below, we reproduce the account of Aftab Mohammadi (name changed) who was arrested in Moria camp in July 2018 and has since then been held in the prison of Chios Island. It is one of many stories of a senseless and cruel detention practice beyond any reason.

Nine months ago, it was a night like other nights. There was a fight in the camp between a few people that lasted for more than two hours. The fight started between two people and after a while others in the camp got involved. It all started because of the bad conditions of the people who have to live in the camp. Some have mental issues, because they live in these terrible conditions and do not have any mental support.

The police was present and they saw what happened. I felt terrible this night, especially when I saw that the children were holding onto their moms, they were very scared and crying. But for the police it was a special night. They were laughing at the people. For them it was like a watching an online movie. We were asking them for help but they were only laughing at us, taking photos and recording us.

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Open Democracy 19-05-15:

Grekland/ Hungry, homeless, exploited. Does Europe protect the vulnerable children? till sidans topp

Ella Dodd

Teenagers Ali and Musa have the right, enshrined in law, to be reunited with their families. What's stopping them?

Musa* arrived in Greece alone. He was 16. After fleeing Afghanistan on foot, he crossed the Evros River, which runs along the border between Greece and Turkey. His first encounter in Greece was with the police.

Thousands of unaccompanied children, like Musa, travel to and across Europe, through mountainous terrain and across dangerous seas in flimsy boats. They hope to reach countries where they a have chance of finding safety and asylum, and to be reunited with lost family. Musa has an older brother living in Germany.

Musa had been in Greece only hours when the police arrested him and locked him in a cell with adults. They confiscated all of his belongings including the small amount of money he had and his identity documents. The police refused to help him request asylum. After being locked up for a week, Musa was released onto the streets, alone.

He hid on a train to Athens. For several weeks he slept in parks. "I was not safe, people were carrying knives, selling drugs and people stole my phone. Older men would come and ask me to do bad things to them for money."

Eventually Musa moved into an overcrowded squat with hundreds of strangers. He shared a bedbug infested room with 16 other young boys. "The rooms are cold and often we don't have electricity. There is one toilet for 200 people."

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Arkiveringsdatum 190503:

The Conversation 19-03-28:

Afrika/ 'Self-reliance' for refugees? Badly handled it can make matters worse till sidans topp

Policymakers and aid agencies in sub-Saharan Africa are increasingly encouraging initiatives that help refugee communities become "self-reliant". The aim is for refugees to find or create work so that they can survive independently without external humanitarian assistance.

The focus on self-reliance has increased as more refugees have been displaced long-term (known as "protracted displacement") and because donor budgets for non-emergency situations have decreased. As a result, refugees are expected to become economically self-reliant, and thus minimise the "burden" on the international community.

But following years of work and research with refugees in sub-Saharan Africa, my colleague Naohiko Omata and I argue that, in reality, this system doesn't always work. Instead, the promotion of self-reliance can result in unintended and undesirable consequences for refugees.

This is in part because refugee self-reliance is commonly equated with reduced assistance. The logic here is that refugees will either be incentivised to become self-reliant or are already able to survive without external assistance.

But often they cannot. Like people everywhere, refugees aren't all the same -- they have varying education levels, socioeconomic statuses, and skills. Many have young children and dependants; some have disabilities which prevent them from working. However, these differences are often not taken into account. Instead, it is generally expected that everyone has the ability to become self-reliant.

Critically, many refugees around the world face restrictions on the right to work and freedom of movement in their host country. Even in countries where refugees have the right to work, like in Uganda and Kenya, high unemployment rates mean job prospects are grim.

Long-term displacement

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Efimerida / Pressenza 19-05-01:

Turkiet/ A shameful bureaucratic development in 2016 till sidans topp

Apostolis Fotiadis

In May and June of 2016, the European Asylum Support Office (EASO) carried out a survey in Turkey for people from Syria and other third countries who were seeking international protection.

The need for the survey arose from the implementation of the EU-Turkey Statement, an agreement implemented on March 20 of that year. A major section of that accord provided for the return to Turkey of citizens of Syria and other third countries who had entered Greece from Turkey after that date.

One of EASO's main responsibilities is to analyse information and inform EU member states regarding procedures in place for protecting asylum seekers and refugees from non-EU countries. The administrative procedures set out in the agreement would provide an indication as to what extent Turkey was indeed a safe third country for asylum-seekers.

When the first groups of returnees arrived back in Turkey in April and early May, 2016, strong allegations began coming from human rights organisations that Turkey was unfit for the purpose. Ever since then, the criteria for defining a "safe third country" and the question of whether Turkey actually fulfilled them have been a source of conflict between EU member states and experts defending the agreement on the one hand, and on the other, those who consider it to be legally unsound and the product of political expediencies.

Cover-up and expediencies

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ECRE News 19-04-19:

Refugees caught in the crossfire of latest clashes in Libya till sidans topp

The escalating conflict in Libya between rival governments is deteriorating the situation for refugees and migrants in the country. As General Khalifa Haftar advances on Tripoli, many have been trapped in detention centres and caught in the crossfire of the latest clashes, while some are fleeing to neighbouring countries.

Approximately 2700 refugees and migrants are held in detention centres in or near Tripoli, which is at the centre of the current fighting. The recent battles have resulted in an effective siege on the detention centres causing a deterioration of already inhumane conditions and making access to aid agencies increasingly difficult.

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Politico 19-04-11: Migrants flee Libyan 'prison' to Tunisia (Extern länk)

AYS 19-04-15: Horror for people trapped in Libyan detention centres continues (Extern länk)

Amnesty International 19-04-24: Horrific attack targeting detention centre must be investigated as a war crime (Extern länk)

Human Rights Watch 19-04-25: Detained Migrants at Risk in Tripoli Clashes (Extern länk)

Camille Le Coz, Migration Policy Institute, i The New Humanitarian 19-04-18: Who will help the 600,000 migrants and refugees in Libya? (Extern länk)

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Svenska Dagbladet 19-04-21:

Libanon/ Flyktingarna i Libanon pressas att åka hem till sidans topp

Världsbäst på flyktingmottagande. Libanon har tagit emot rekordmånga syriska flyktingar - men nu ökar pressen på dem att åka hem. För syrierna är det som att sitta fast i en rävsax i väntan på att livet ska starta om. Men till Sverige vill de inte.

- Nej, nej. Vi vill inte till Europa, säger flyktingen Salman.

Den libanesiska staden Arsal ligger i bergen vid gränsen till Syrien. Hit kom 100 000 av de över 1,5 miljoner syrier som flydde när kriget startade för åtta år sedan. De togs emot med öppna armar, men under åren har känslorna förändrats.

I januari i år demonstrerade stadens invånare mot försämrade livsvillkor. Libanon befinner sig i en ekonomisk kris med stora budgetunderskott och kraftigt minskade intäkter från såväl turism som export. Arbetslösheten är hög och många klagar över att syrierna jobbar för hälften så mycket som libaneserna. Detta har lett till spänningar.

I Arsal övergick demonstrationen till en mobb som attackerade syriska flyktingar och slog sönder rutor på syriskägda affärer. Borgmästaren fick tillkalla säkerhetsstyrkor för att stoppa oroligheterna.

- Detta är skamligt och inte representativt för folket i Arsal, fastslog borgmästaren Bassel al-Hujairi för libanesiska tidningen Daily Star.

Men nu tycker många av landets ledande politiker att det är dags för syrierna att åka hem. President Michel Aoun uppmanade nyligen Europa att hjälpa Libanon att skicka tillbaka flyktingar till säkra områden i Syrien. I slutet av mars besökte han även Ryssland med samma budskap.

Hittills har 172 046 syriska flyktingar återvänt till Syrien sedan december 2017, enligt Libanons säkerhetstjänst. Vissa på egen hand, andra frivilligt via resor som arrangerats av säkerhetstjänsten. (UNHCR har betydligt lägre siffror.)

- Vi längtar alla efter att åka hem, säger Abu Ibrahim, som är lokal ledare för ett av de många informella flyktingläger som finns runt om i Arsal.

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Svenska Dagbladet 19-04-21: "Många beskriver sig som krossade av kriget" (Extern länk)

Svenska Dagbladet 19-04-21: Kidnappare sätter skräck i flickor: "De stjäl organ" (Extern länk)

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InfoMigrants 19-04-23:

Ungern/ Starving in Hungary's transit zones till sidans topp

Since August 2018, the Hungarian Helsinki Committee (HHC), a non-governmental organization advocating for human rights in Hungary, has counted a total of 13 cases of starvation in Hungary's transit zones, affecting 21 individuals.

An Iraqi family of five with three children left Iraq in the hope of finding treatment for their 9-year-old son who is particularly vulnerable due to his mental disability. Their 6-year-old child also has autistic tendencies.

An Afghan family arrived in Hungary after fleeing Afghanistan during a family dispute over land. They were threatened with death and then mistreated in Iran because they were Afghan. Another Iraqi family of eight fled Iraq due to ISIS. They had witnessed killings and the abduction of young girls. They were afraid for their lives.

These are just some of the case studies highlighted by the HHC in their latest report about the denial of food to rejected asylum seekers inside Hungary's transit zones. In all cases, food was denied to the adults in the group for between one and five days.

"The deliberate starvation of detained persons is an unprecedented human rights violation in 21st Century Europe," states the Hungarian Helsinki Committee in their latest report. Since February, the HHC has intervened in eight cases of starvation of migrants detained in the so-called Transit Zones. Even before February, the Committee had taken five such cases of food deprivation to the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR). After intervention by the court, the Hungarian Immigration and Asylum Office (IAO) promised to provide food to all asylum seekers in the transit zone. That promise has not been kept, alleges the HHC.

Changes to the law in Hungary

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AYS 19-04-22:

Bosnien/ Chaos in Bosnia till sidans topp

The living conditions for people on the move who have reached Bosnia, as the last stop before the EU, are not getting any better. Even more, living conditions are getting more precarious, even dangerous, for people on the move but also for those who are providing help.

At the moment, hundreds are sleeping rough all over the country. Those who are aiming to get to the north of the country, where they will try to continue their journey, are often deprived of freedom of movement and left without food or any kind of help at police check-points in the area of Kljuc (Velecevo) and Bosanska Krupa.

After being stopped at one of the checkpoints, people are kicked off the buses and trains, and forced to find their way forwards or back. It means that they are forced to walk kilometres over the mountainous area, and they arrive with injuries that nobody treats properly due to the lack of medical care.

People who went through this kind of humiliation are talking about police abuse they witnessed or experienced, but also about help they got from the local people they met on the road. As we were told by more then one person, police officers are using violence, even against minors, while in several cases police threaten to people if they walk toward Biha? they will shoot at them.

Recently, authorities in the Bihac area (Una-Sana Canton) announced that they will start controlling even private vehicles looking for refugees and migrants. This is against the law, but they issued a decision they consider obligatory. However, there are no public reactions from the state authorities, or any international organisations who are in charge for the well being of people on the move, or human rights in general.

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AYS 19-04-23: People held in cage detention in Trebinje, Bosnia and Herzegovina (Extern länk)

AYS 19-05-01: Additional pressure piles up on local volunteers (Extern länk)

Kosovo two point zero 19-04-28: Since when is keeping migrants in cages EU standards? (Extern länk)

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The Nation 19-04-23:

Grekland/ The Greek island that became an open-air prison for refugees till sidans topp

A three-year-old EU-Turkey deal has made living on Samos a nightmare, especially for women.

When Leila, an elegant Afghan woman of 34, goes to bed, she squashes up beside her husband on the narrow bottom mattress of a bunk, while her teenage daughter and 11-year-old son share the bed above. Eighteen inches away, another family is crushed together on another bunk, and down the row stretch 20 more. These families are living in a metal shipping container, their only privacy the gray blankets they hang around their beds. To sleep, they must steel themselves for a night of itching caused by the bedbugs and scabies that have left welts all over their bodies.

In the daytime, matters are no easier. To shower, they must wait their turn for an hour or more among their 40 or so neighbors in the container. To eat, they must rise at 3 AM to wait in line until 9 in the morning for the juice box, bread, and fruit they each get for breakfast. To wash their clothes, they must make their way to one of the eight taps of cold water available to the 4,000 people living around them, many of whom never get to live in containers at all. Instead, they must make do with tents, while 1,000 more are forced to live outside the camp in the woods in pup-tents or hovels made of pinned-together blankets and tarps, with no electricity, water, or bathrooms.

Leila, who dresses in black abayas with lacy sleeves and bodices, was once a businesswoman and teacher who instructed devout women in marketable skills such as sewing and growing saffron. Now, she and her family are among the thousands of asylum seekers who have fled war, persecution, and torture only to become trapped on the island of Samos, the most overcrowded refugee camp in Greece. Samos has come to represent the cruelty of a deal between the European Union and Turkey that has left some 75,000 asylum seekers in limbo.

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Samos Chronicles 19-04-14: Moving Stories (Extern länk)

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InfoMigrants 19-04-15:

Grekland/ Anyone who thinks they can do better is welcome to try, says director till sidans topp

The damp containers and tents of Moria Camp on Lesbos feel like a dead-end for many migrants and refugees, who have traveled weeks or months and paid people-smugglers often large sums of money to reach the European Union. Faced with criticism over poor living conditions, the camp's director tells InfoMigrants he and his team are "doing our best, but we have new arrivals all the time."

Patience is not only a virtue, it's a necessity for residents of Moria Camp on Lesbos. They spend most of the day lining up for meals, medicine and paperwork. Many have learnt the word for wait in Greek: perimene.

"Always perimene," a migrant from Cameroon told us. "Hospital perimene, to eat perimene, police perimene, how many perimene? I wait in the European Union!"

Sometimes the wait leads to tension. When InfoMigrants visited the camp, two Afghan women were hurling insults at each other and needed to be pulled apart to prevent a physical fight. Anger had boiled over as they waited in the rain to see the doctor.

Overcrowding sparks tensions

"None of these people here left their countries with the intention of coming and staying in Moria. So, they get frustrated," says the camp's director, Giannis Balbakakis, an army general who came out of retirement two years ago to run Moria Camp.

"The fact that we have tensions and problems is due to their concern about when they'll get to leave this place. There are a lot of people living in a very small area."

When the camp's population reached 9,000 in late 2018, the Greek government decided to move residents deemed among the most vulnerable to mainland Greece. That has brought the population down to 5,000, but it is still well above the supposed 'maximum capacity' of 3,100.

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Arkiveringsdatum 190415:

ECRE News 19-03-21:

Kenya/ LGBTI refugees detained after delay of ruling on decriminalising homosexuality till sidans topp

20 refugees who arrived to Kenya on February 22, the day of an expected land-mark ruling on decriminalising homosexual conduct by the High Court, have been detained and are suffering severe abuse.

The ruling by the High Court was postponed last minute and the group of refugees who had arrived to escape repression and abuse in other African countries were instead arrested on charges of "creating a public nuisance, trespassing, and defecating in public," near United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) headquarters in Nairobi.

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Refugee Rights Europe 19-04-10:

Storbritannien/ End of the journey? Young asylum seekers and the struggle for stability till sidans topp

Young refugees and asylum seekers in the UK often face unique and complex challenges to their mental health and well-being, with many having experienced unimaginable atrocities within their homelands, before enduring long and treacherous journeys to reach this country. Now supposedly safe in the UK, it is apparent that many are now facing a very different set of challenges, as they try to find stability in a strange new land.

In considering the needs of this extremely vulnerable group, it is important to take into account where their journeys began; often in situations of conflict and widespread humanitarian crises. During their escape, many have faced exploitation and abuse, or become accidentally separated from their parents and families. They could also have witnessed someone die, for example 1,312 people were reported dead or missing at sea in attempting to reach Italy during 2018. Some have risked their lives again in their bid to enter the UK.

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The Conversation 19-04-08: How UK asylum system creates perfect conditions for modern slavery (Extern länk)

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IranWire 19-04-03:

Grekland/ The "Hellhole of Athens" till sidans topp

"We spent some time in Alexandria Park and on the streets of Athens. Junkies with needles were all over us. I was six and a half months' pregnant when I got a positive test result for Hepatitis C. I told the camp manager, and he replied: 'go back to your country or go and sleep in the streets again if you're not happy.' I'm sick of this life. I ask God every day to find an organization for me to support me and my child. My child will come into this world in a month and I have nothing to provide for her."

I met Mahsa one night outside Eleonas camp. I was talking to an Iranian man named Reza who was holding a blanket and standing next to a campfire he'd lit outside the entrance to the camp. He was demanding to be let in and said his wife had committed suicide because of the pressures of asylum-seeking life in Athens and after having been institutionalized in a mental hospital.

Reza and I were talking when Shahin, Mahsa's husband, joined us and invited me to visit their shipping container where they were staying in the camp. He asked me to listen to his wife's story of seeking asylum, the story of a woman eight months' pregnant.

Shahin told me he was a musician back in Iran and married Mahsa a week after they first met. For the first seven years, they lived their life between Iran and Turkey, but when Mahsa was three and a half months' pregnant, they decided to leave Turkey to experience "security" and "freedom" in a new country, and planned to get there by climbing the border fences between the two countries. "When the EU opens its doors to refugees, it is responsible for supporting us," he told me.

Shahin and Mahsa, like thousands of Iranian asylum seekers, thought that Germany's 2015 invitation for Syrian war-torn refugees to come to and live in their country included them as well.

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SBS Greek 19-04-04:

Grekland/ This Greek football team is bringing refugees together with a common dream till sidans topp

Composed of people from more than a dozen nationalities, Kosmos FC brings its players and the local community together with a common passion for the beautiful game.

It was a cancer diagnosis that changed Giorgos Patlakas' life and took him back to his roots on the island of Lesbos.

As Lesbos is the heart of Greece's refugee crisis, Patlakas wanted to help others as best he could, and decided football would be the vehicle to do so.

As an ex-football player himself, Patlakas knew what the 'beautiful game' could bring to those living in the infamous camp: camaraderie, purpose, fun.

He established a football team in the Moria refugee camp, which later became the Kosmos Lesbos Football Club, with a squad made entirely of international refugees and asylum seekers.

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Arkiveringsdatum 190326:

AYS 19-03-19:

Bosnien/ Hungary to teach Bosnia on how to protect borders till sidans topp

Dragan Mektic, Bosnian Minister of Security, announced the possibility that freedom of movement of people on the move will be even more restricted in the country. He announced the possibility that in the near future measures could be introduced to limiting people residing in the camps from leaving in the evenings.

At the moment, people living in existing camps - run by IOM - have to be in the camp before 6 pm, and it is not clear what this measure will mean in practice.

Mektic also announced that the state will take over all camps from IOM soon, a measure many local and international human rights groups and individuals have called for on a number of occassions, including Amnesty International in their latest report.

The Bosnian government considers what is happening in the country at the moment a security - rather than humanitarian - issue. The proof can be found in the announcement that more police could be placed at the borders, but also the on-going negotiations with the Hungarian government about an additional 100 to 150 police officers to help at the eastern border.

Additionally, from the coordination meeting, a call was sent to the prosecution to engage more actively in processing people who've committed any type of crime in Bosnia. Government and the media that are largely controlled by the political parties in the power are using every possibility to portray people on the move as a threat and as criminals, and this call seems to align with that purpose.

While statistical data show that some of the people who came to Bosnia have committed crimes (mostly minor, which is still not acceptable), there is no proof that the level or gravity of crimes committed by refugees and migrants should be cause for alarm for citizens.

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Arkiveringsdatum 190318:

AYS 19-03-04:

Libyen/ Minors Tortured in Libya's Triq al Sikka detention centre till sidans topp

Sally Hayden has reported on the harsh and horrifying treatment of those who took part in a protest at Libya's Triq al Sikka detention centre on Tuesday 26th Feb. The protest by detainees at the detention centre demanded a visit from the UN Refugee Agency to shine a light on the constant violence they face at the hands of the guards. She reports that many are locked inside 24 hours a day, with no sunlight or fresh air for months on end. It is this same centre where one man burnt himself to death in October. The detention centre is the "de facto headquarters of Libya's Department for Combatting Illegal Migration," and therefore the Libyan government is fully aware of what really happens in the centre, yet does nothing to stop it. This is the same government that the EU is currently funding to control migration to Europe.

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UNHCR 19-03-05: Refugees protest conditions in Libyan detention as resettlement solutions falter (Extern länk)

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The Conversation 19-02-07:

Libyen/ Migrants calling in distress returned to Libya by deadly 'refoulement' industry till sidans topp

When they called us from the sea, the 106 precarious travellers referred to their boat as a white balloon. This balloon, or rubber dinghy, was meant to carry them all the way to safety in Europe. The people on board - many men, about 20 women, and 12 children from central, west and north Africa - had left Khoms in Libya a day earlier, on the evening of January 19.

Though they survived the night at sea, many of passengers on the boat were unwell, seasick and freezing. They decided to call for help and used their satellite phone at approximately 11am the next day. They reached out to the Alarm Phone, a hotline operated by international activists situated in Europe and Africa, that can be called by migrants in distress at sea. Alongside my work as a researcher on migration and borders, I am also a member of this activist network, and on that day I supported our shift team who received and documented the direct calls from the people on the boat in distress.

The boat had been trying to get as far away as possible from the Libyan coast. Only then would the passengers stand a chance of escaping Libya's coastguard. The European Union and Italy struck a deal in 2017 to train the Libyan coastguard in return for them stopping migrants reaching European shores. But a 2017 report by Amnesty International highlighted how the Libyan authorities operate in collusion with smuggling networks. Time and again, media reports suggest they have drastically violated the human rights of escaping migrants as well as the laws of the sea.

The migrant travellers knew that if they were detected and caught, they would be abducted back to Libya, or illegally "refouled". But Libya is a dangerous place for migrants in transit - as well as for Libyan nationals - given the ongoing civil conflict between several warring factions. In all likelihood, being sent back to Libya would mean being sent to detention centres described as "concentration-camp like" by German diplomats.

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Sveriges Radio Ekot 19-03-07:

Colombia/ Flyktingar fyller Colombias sjukhus till sidans topp

Den stora flykten från Venezuela till bland annat grannlandet Colombia har lett till en hårt överbelastad sjukvård i Colombia. Människor flyr Venezuela just bland annat för att det saknas medicin och vård i hemlandet och det är också ont om mat mitt i den ekonomiska krisen.

Ekots migrationskorrespondent Alice Petrén har besökt universitetssjukhuset Erasmo Meoz i staden Cúcuta i Colombia på gränsen till Venezuela.

Akuten på sjukhuset Erasmo Meoz är överbelagd. Sjukbritsarna står tätt. Här ligger människor med bandage och dropställningar och många sjuksköterskor och läkare rör sig hastigt runt.

- Vi möter alla typer av sjukdomar. Det är hjärtproblem, skadade armar och ben, infektioner och varenda en här inne är undernärd, förklarar akutläkaren Braulio Vega Montaguth bakom sin dator vid disken.

- Mycket undernärda, upprepar han.

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AYS 19-03-10:

Serbien/ 54 persons granted refugee status and 74 subsidiary protection since 2008 till sidans topp

In the period 1 January?-?30 November 2018, 7,651 persons expressed in- tention to seek asylum and to submit an asylum application, according to the official number obtained by the Belgrade Centre for Human Rights (BCHR) for their annual report on the right to asylum in the Republic of Serbia.

This represents an increase compared to 2017, when 5,702 persons were registered as potential asylum seekers.

"Of the number of persons who expressed intention to seek asylum and to submit an asylum application in Serbia in 2018, 6,776 were men and 875 were women. According to the age structure, 2,200 were children of whom 666 unaccompanied and separated children," the reports claims.

The BCHR noticed that the figure of 7,651 issued certificates "does not reflect a realistic number of persons who genuinely wish to start an asylum pro- cedure in Serbia". Out of this number, only 292 applied for asylum in Serbia, while the Asylum Office managed to conduct 151 interviews.

In all, 24 asylum applications were upheld, while 10 people were granted refugee status (people from Afghanistan and Iran), and 14 subsidiary protection (Libya, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Syria and Somalia).

Based on these figures, the BCHR assumes that Serbia continues to be a country of transit for many people who formally express the intention to seek asylum.

"Often times, registration certificates are used for temporary regulation of legal status of these persons as well as for accommodation purposes. In other words, the intention to seek asylum is also expressed by the foreigners who do not wish to seek asylum in Serbia, but legalise their stay pending departure to some other country."

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AYS 19-03-13:

Serbien/ About the girl till sidans topp

In February 2019 a green-eyed girl, around 13 years old with a round face and a charming smile, fronted an advertising campaign on IOM - UN Migration's social networks. The girl attends school and the institution proudly showed how well she spoke Bosnian. Her access to education is an achievement within the context of neglect currently existing in Bosnia in regards to refugee people.

We are not going to show the photograph of the girl here. For what I know about this girl - and we do know each other from the time when she and her family were surviving in the unberable conditions of the makeshift camp of Trnovi, near Velika Kladusa - she doesn't really like to be photographed for being a refugee, but she loves pleasing others and feels comfortable when she does so.

On this Facebook page - posted by this UN body that receives funds from the European Union in order to attend people trapped between EU borders who have no hope of being granted refugee status - there are many comments, happily talking about how great it is that this child has learned Bosnian.

What many of these people probably don't know is that this girl has been on the move for three years.

The IOM states that the girl learned Bosnian in eight months. This is not true. She learned the language during the three years she was trapped behind the EU closed borders in Serbia. IOM is always "sitting on the fence" and this makes their rhetoric hardly credible. It actually makes them seem hypocritical - although I believe this word conveys anger and I know a text of this kind should be as neutral as possible.

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Arkiveringsdatum 190302:

The Korea Herald 19-02-17:

Sydkorea/ Jeju refugee crisis and beyond: Yemeni asylum seekers build life in Korea till sidans topp

The number of foreign residents in Korea continues to grow and now accounts for some 3.6 percent of the country's population. This is part of a series that examines how Korea is grappling with the issue of multiculturalism, as well as the challenges facing new arrivals.

When hundreds of Yemenis fleeing war and the humanitarian crisis back home made their way to a South Korean island last year, they were not expecting a warm welcome. But neither did they expected the outcry that labeled them "fake refugees."

Leaving behind their homeland's hostility, most of the Yemeni asylum seekers are trying to build their lives and adapt to Korean society until it is safer to return to their war-ravaged country.

Their journey to settle in Korea, however, is riddled with obstacles, highlighting how socially, culturally and legally unprepared South Korea is to embrace asylum seekers of different races and religions.

More than 480 Yemenis arrived on Jeju Island, some 100 kilometers off the country's southern coast, last spring.

Only two of them were granted refugee status, and 56 were ordered to leave Korea. Some 412 Yemenis were granted temporary "humanitarian stay" permits that allow them to remain in Korea until the situation in Yemen stabilizes.

Now, the majority of them have left the island for the mainland, mostly in search of employment. Some 126 Yemenis remain on the island as of the end of January, according to the Justice Ministry.

Struggle to adjust to life in Korea

After Alnukhbi Mabrook, 26, received a humanitarian stay permit in October, he left the island and began to work as chef at a BBQ restaurant in Incheon.

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Sveriges Radio 19-03-01:

Colombia/ Tufft för venezuelaner som flyr till Colombia till sidans topp

Över 550 militärer och poliser har deserterat från Venezuelas beväpnade styrkor och tagit sig till Colombia, enligt den colombianska migrationsmyndigheten.

Dessutom flyr strömmar av civila människor ut ur Venezuela och tar sig till grannländerna.

Sveriges Radios migrationskorrespondent Alice Petrén är på plats i Bogotá, där hon har mött nyanlända.

- Jag ska fortsätta till Peru. Där får vi mer stöd, säger 32-årige Gustavo Alvarado, som står i kortbyxor och T-shirt med en trasig svart bag bredvid sig.

Vi möts utanför den katolska biståndsorganisationen FAMIG:s lokaler här i Bogotá. Han kom hit för två veckor sedan. Frun och de två döttrarna är kvar i Venezuela, men han har lyckats skicka hem lite pengar.

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AYS 19-02-25:

Bosnien/ IOM complicit in mistreatment of people on the move in Bosnia till sidans topp

Bosnia - IOM complicit in mistreatment of people on the move

They came to pick them up early on Saturday morning when half of the people were sleeping. All at once security and IOM - UN Migration personnel started to wake them up and randomly push and hurry them out towards the buses that were waiting in the front of the camp. They had to run and leave all their belongings, including clothes and shoes they were given previously by volunteers and locals. These possessions were not easily gotten, as in the camp people rarely get anything; not even enough food.

On Saturday morning about 200 people were taken from camps Bira and Miral, all against their will, and transferred to the camp Usivak near Sarajevo. Sources have told us that not enough beds and bedding were prepared for them and many slept with nothing the first night in this camp, despite facing freezing temperatures. The camp is located under a mountain, in an area where the sun hardly ever comes out. Sufficient reception conditions were not made despite previous acknowledgements from local authorities and IOM officials that current supplies were not enough to support the new arrivals.

However, the situation for those transferred and existing residents of the camps has been met with little sympathy or compassion by camp authorities. The head of IOM, speaking for the local media a week ago, announced that many of the problems faced in the camp are the fault of problematic camp residents, commenting that those who are making problems should be taken to the immigration centre in Sarajevo, which is a closed facility. This was said after a big fight broke in Bira when over 30 people were injured. Fights like this are not uncommon, often happening in both Bira and Miral camp. According to the IOM however, it is fault of a group of people, rather then the unbearable circumstances which exist in IOM run camps in Bosnia. IOM have still to comment on their failure to provide safe and adequate accommodation in their facilities, despite receiving huge amounts of funding to do so.

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The Guardian 19-02-22:

Grekland/ Greece races to move refugees from island likened to a 'new Lesbos' till sidans topp

Migration minister warns camp on Samos where hundreds of children live in squalor is six times over capacity

Greek authorities are scrambling to house almost 4,000 people crammed into an overflowing migrant camp in Samos, as aid groups warn of a "humanitarian disaster" on one of Europe's forgotten frontlines.

Likening Samos to a "new Lesbos," the country's migration minister warned of a race against the clock to find suitable accommodation for the ever growing number of people trapped in a reception centre now six times over capacity.

"Samos is our biggest problem. The flows are constant and traffickers, it seems, are always one step ahead," Dimitris Vitsas said in an interview at his office in western Athens. "The camp there is very overcrowded, with all the problems that this means. I have to move at least 2,000 people from the island as soon as possible."

As in Lesbos, which received more than 1 million people at the height of the refugee crisis in 2015, smuggler rings have their sights on the eastern Aegean outcrop, which lies barely a mile from the Turkish coast. Unlike other isles, however, Samos' sole refugee camp is within walking distance of the port capital, Vathy. Amid mounds of rubbish, its myriad tents and makeshift shelters cascade down the hills above the town.

Every day, boatloads of new arrivals add to the build-up of humanity forced to endure conditions that the Refugee Support Aegean group this week described as having "reached the edge".

Such is the pressure on the camp that more than 1,500 people are now living in unheated tents and shelters outside the centre, according to the UNHCR, the UN refugee agency. An estimated 24% are children, of whom 229 are reported as unaccompanied.

That the camp has only one state-appointed medic simply compounds the situation. Doctors play a leading role in processing asylum claims, by assessing vulnerability.

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Arkiveringsdatum 190219:

Sveriges Radio Studio Ett 19-02-12:

Nauru/ Australiens läkare får avgörande roll i flyktingfrågan till sidans topp

Många flyktingar på stillahavsöarna Nauru och Manus har blivit psykiskt sjuka efter år i flyktingförvar. Nu öppnar Australien för att ge asylsökande, som hålls i förvar i läger på öar i Stilla havet, rätt att förflyttas till fastlandet om dom behöver sjukvård.

Vi kan kalla honom Abdul, för han och syskonen vågar inte gå ut med sina riktiga namn. Efter mer än fem år i helvetet som de kallar tiden på ön Nauru så har den somaliska familjen äntligen fått komma till Australien, men de har fått höra att de kanske skickas tillbaka så snart lillebror tillfrisknat efter att ha slutat äta och dricka på ön.

- Halva mitt liv är bortslösat. Vi gick knappt i skolan under fem år, förklarar Mohammed.

Nu har vi hunnit bli vuxna och anses för gamla att få plugga igen vad vi missat. Drömmen att bli ingenjör verkar ouppnåelig.

Familjen flydde från Somalia efter att flera släktingar dödats av islamistiska terrorister. De sålde sitt hus och sökte visum till Indonesien. Därifrån betalade de en smugglare att ta dem till den Australiska Julön. Men där fick de bara stanna en månad. Regeringen ville sända en signal till alla båtflyktingar att till Australien kommer ni inte. Familjen placerades på ett av Australiens två utlokaliserade flyktingförvar, på den lilla stilla havsön Nauru på obestämd tid.

Abdul tycker att det är fel av Australien att hålla familjer inlåsta på obestämd tid som varning för andra flyktingar så att barnen blir så desperata att de skadar sig själva. Han har själv varit med om flera vänner på ön som tagit sina liv.

- En kille tände eld på sig själv intill mig fyller lillebror Ali i. Han dog senare av sina brännskador.

Familjerna bodde först i enkla tält, inhägnade av taggtråd och med många vakter. Senare när de fått sin flyktingstatus kunde de flytta till baracker utanför lägret, men var rädda för lokalbefolkningen. Det förekom stölder och misshandel. Efter fem år var det många barn som inte orkade mer.

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Sveriges Radio Ekot 19-02-12: Ny lag ska hjälpa flyktingar till Australien (Extern länk)

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The Conversation 19-01-31:

Mexiko/ Hope and anguish in a Mexican refugee shelter: Researcher records stories till sidans topp

This month, a caravan of nearly 1,000 Central American asylum seekers crossed Mexico's southern border with Guatemala. They followed in the footsteps of more than 7,000 asylum seekers who passed through earlier in October.

The Northern Triangle Region of El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras continues to experience endemic poverty, extremely high homicide rates and widespread gang activity. These dire circumstances drive migration flows to the north.

The United States, until recently, was the northern destination of choice for Central American asylum-seekers. It was a "promised land" where they would find personal security and economic prosperity.

In contrast with those in earlier caravans, these newcomers to Mexico are unlikely to embark on the futile 4,000-kilometre journey north to the United States. Mobility to the U.S. is becoming increasingly more dangerous and the U.S.-Mexico border is more difficult to cross at both official and unofficial ports of entry.

President Andrés Manuel López Obrador directed officials at the Mexico-Guatemala border to distribute humanitarian visas to the newest caravan. The visas will allow the Central Americans to live and work in Mexican territory for one year while they navigate the country's refugee determination process.

Central American asylum-seekers are now stranded in Mexico. The journey north has left them in a state of limbo, keeping them tacked down in a location where they did not intend to stay permanently.

Mexico attempts to fulfil obligation to refugees

Mexico received 28,000 asylum claims in 2018 and 7,000 are backlogged from 2017. Its Law on Refugees is framed by the 1984 Cartagena Declaration on Refugees.

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Sveriges Radio Studio Ett 19-02-12:

Australiens läkare får avgörande roll i flyktingfrågan till sidans topp

Många flyktingar på stillahavsöarna Nauru och Manus har blivit psykiskt sjuka efter år i flyktingförvar. Nu öppnar Australien för att ge asylsökande, som hålls i förvar i läger på öar i Stilla havet, rätt att förflyttas till fastlandet om dom behöver sjukvård.

Vi kan kalla honom Abdul, för han och syskonen vågar inte gå ut med sina riktiga namn. Efter mer än fem år i helvetet som de kallar tiden på ön Nauru så har den somaliska familjen äntligen fått komma till Australien, men de har fått höra att de kanske skickas tillbaka så snart lillebror tillfrisknat efter att ha slutat äta och dricka på ön.

- Halva mitt liv är bortslösat. Vi gick knappt i skolan under fem år, förklarar Mohammed.

Nu har vi hunnit bli vuxna och anses för gamla att få plugga igen vad vi missat. Drömmen att bli ingenjör verkar ouppnåelig.

Familjen flydde från Somalia efter att flera släktingar dödats av islamistiska terrorister. De sålde sitt hus och sökte visum till Indonesien. Därifrån betalade de en smugglare att ta dem till den Australiska Julön. Men där fick de bara stanna en månad. Regeringen ville sända en signal till alla båtflyktingar att till Australien kommer ni inte. Familjen placerades på ett av Australiens två utlokaliserade flyktingförvar, på den lilla stilla havsön Nauru på obestämd tid.

Abdul tycker att det är fel av Australien att hålla familjer inlåsta på obestämd tid som varning för andra flyktingar så att barnen blir så desperata att de skadar sig själva. Han har själv varit med om flera vänner på ön som tagit sina liv.

- En kille tände eld på sig själv intill mig fyller lillebror Ali i. Han dog senare av sina brännskador.

Familjerna bodde först i enkla tält, inhägnade av taggtråd och med många vakter. Senare när de fått sin flyktingstatus kunde de flytta till baracker utanför lägret, men var rädda för lokalbefolkningen. Det förekom stölder och misshandel. Efter fem år var det många barn som inte orkade mer.

(...)

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Sveriges Radio Ekot 19-02-12: Ny lag ska hjälpa flyktingar till Australien (Extern länk)

Sveriges Radio 19-02-13: Premiärministern: "Ska stoppa båtflyktingar till varje pris" (Extern länk)

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The Conversation 19-02-06:

Storbritannien/ When unaccompanied turn 18, many face an immigration cliff edge till sidans topp

Every year, 2,000 to 3,000 children arrive in the UK alone, without parents or guardians, to seek asylum. They are provided with an education, support from social workers and often live with foster families.

If they aren't granted refugee status upon arrival, they're normally given a temporary period of leave to remain until they are 18. But as many of these children aren't granted refugee status before they turn 18, they face an immigration cliff edge as they approach their birthday.

Some who have outstanding asylum appeals can't be deported until their appeal is resolved, but others are at imminent risk of detention. At this point, the protections and services they relied on as children can be suddenly removed, leaving them to face the threat of deportation and detention with little support.

My research interviewing unaccompanied young people shows the challenges those without refugee status face in the UK's current hostile immigration environment. Those who have refugee status have their own struggles too.

An immediate problem for those without refugee status is the threat of being sent to a detention centre. Aziz*, one of the 18 young people I spoke to, recalled being taken to a deportation centre still wearing his school uniform and carrying his school bag.

I said 'at least let me get changed'. I felt so ashamed. I don't know what kind of thing this is. At least have respect for the school.

Systems that have protected, guided and educated people like Aziz can suddenly disappear, leaving them exposed to the hostility of the immigration system. Aziz's social worker wasn't able to help him while he was in detention: his legal right to live in the UK had expired, and with it, his right to a social worker. As another of my interviewees said:

When, in the past I was young, everyone helped me. Now I am an adult they can do nothing.

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ECRE News 19-02-08:

Grekland/ Destitution and makeshift accommodation continue in Thessaloniki till sidans topp

Newly arrived asylum seekers in mainland Greece live in a makeshift camp near the old railway station in central Thessaloniki, due to the shortage of reception places.

As the Diavata temporary accommodation facility has reached full capacity due to an increasing number of arrivals via the Evros land border, tens of people left destitute resort to informal accommodation under squalid conditions and without shelter from winter temperatures.

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Pulitzer Center 19-02-15:

Grekland/ In Greece, unaccompanied minor refugees fall through service gaps till sidans topp

In a fly-infested kitchen at the Thiva refugee camp about 50 miles from Athens, Greece, 16-year-old Fayaz slices up watermelon for a snack. Tall with prominent front teeth and wearing a faded pink t-shirt, he lives in a white, trailer-like box that camp residents call containers.

Originally a textile mill, the remote facility was converted two years ago into a camp, which now houses about 800 refugees. Many of them came to Greece during the height of the European refugee crisis in 2015 and early 2016.

The influx of more than a million people strained Greece's refugee and migrant facilities beyond the breaking point. Arrivals were held on Greek islands in overcrowded and squalid camps known as reception and identification centers, or RICs.

Fayaz was 12 when he left his home in Afghanistan in 2014 to escape a turbulent combination of family instability and political violence. Traveling through the same illegal immigration networks that Afghans have used for 30 years, Fayaz arrived in Turkey. There, he got a job working 14 hours a day in an electronics factory.

In April 2016, he boarded a fragile boat on Turkey's Aegean coast. Crowded with fellow immigrants, it set out on the perilous journey to Greece. Since arriving on Lesbos island, Fayaz has been shuttled through a series of facilities for unaccompanied minors operated primarily by NGOs-first on Lesbos, then in Athens, now in Thiva.

Two years after arriving, he hasn't found the life he had hoped for.

A PATCHWORK OF SHELTERS

Fayaz belongs to the most vulnerable of refugee groups in Greece: the 3,600 unaccompanied minors. As soon as they reach Greek shores, most UAMs begin their odyssey through the child protection system at chronically under-resourced RICs. The next move might be to a shelter. Typically, these are hotels, houses or apartments managed by NGOs.

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Arkiveringsdatum 190209:

Sveriges Radio P1-morgon 19-02-07:

Jordanien/ Flyktingars förlovningsklänningar till sidans topp

Ett liv i flyktingläger är inte alltid bara en kamp om det mest nödvändiga medan månader och år går så utvecklas också ett vardagsliv undan för undan.

I lägret Zataari i Jordanien lever ungefär 80 000 flyktingar från Syrien.

och där har det vuxit upp en sorts stad med butiksgator och restauranger. Det säljs allt från mat och basvaror till kläder för fest.

(...)

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Sveriges Radio Malmöhus 19-01- 24:

Danmark/ Danmark har inte tagit asylsökandes smycken till sidans topp

Inte ett enda smycke har beslagtagits efter att den omdiskuterade så kallade smyckeslagen antogs i Danmark för tre år sedan.

Enligt lagen ska asylsökande lämna ifrån sig värdeföremål och kontanter för att finansiera sitt uppehälle.

Tanken bakom lagen som antogs för tre år sedan var att asylsökande i så hög grad som möjligt själva ska finansiera sitt uppehälle i Danmark. Därför ska kontanter och föremål, bland annat smycken, till ett värde av över 10 000 danska kronor beslagtas. Vissa föremål med särskilt affektionsvärde, som till exempel vigselringar, får man dock behålla oavsett värde.

(...)

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Pressenza 19-01-23:

Grekland/ Protests on Samos: demands for rights, freedom and healthcare till sidans topp

In the context of the ongoing humanitarian crisis surrounding refugee populations Samos is the Aegean island that people often forget. It exists in the shadow of Lesvos, people are familiar with the name Moria and the images it evokes. Yet until very recently the Vathy Reception Centre on Samos has been under discussed and under reported. Yet over the past 6 months the refugee population on the island has grown and over the final months of 2018 and the first few weeks of January 2019 has fluctuated between 4000 and 5000 people. The Reception Centre has an official capacity below 700 and as a result the majority of people now live outside of the centres fences within an area referred to as 'the jungle'.

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The Conversation 19-01-24: Samos: grim winter leads to protests by refugees living in limbo on Greek island (Extern länk)

Se även:

Europarådet 19-01-31: More needs to be done to improve the situation of migrants and refugees on the Greek islands (Extern länk)

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Adventure 19-01- 21:

Italien/ How refugees saved Riace, the tiny Italian town that could blossom till sidans topp

Nicola Zolin

In Italy's Calabria region, Nicola Zolin charts the rise and fall of a depopulated town, and the mayor who welcomed refugees with open arms and built a special kind of utopia in the process.

It's as if time has stopped. It's August 2015 and, on this sunny summer's day, I'm driving through the southern Italian region of Calabria, all the way down to the tip. Marvellous-yet mistreated-beaches reveal themselves at every turn. But I'm not here to see them.

I eventually reach Riace, a medieval village on a hilltop overlooking the Ionian coast. I'm hungry after my long journey and in search of a good meal. There's one tiny bar, but it's about to close. My brief conversation with the Croatian owner grabs the attention of a woman upstairs, who offers to cook me a plate of pasta with tomato soup. I gladly accept.

Over lunch, we talk. Although originally from Riace, Teresa-the woman upstairs-was now living in Rome. She moved there because she thought her children would enjoy a better education and more opportunities, but visits Riace every summer to see family and friends.

Teresa explains that an old world of traditions and professions had been lost in Riace, and that for a long time, there was nothing left to replace it. In just a few decades, the population of the town dropped from 2,500 to around 600, and most of its young people migrated away, lured by the same things-jobs, education, money, opportunity. The town's most happening spot during that time became the post office, on pension day.

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National Public Radio (Spain) 19-01-24:

Spanien/ Incoming migrants overwhelm Spain's refugee centers till sidans topp

Spain is taking in more migrants than Greece or Italy - the first time that's happened since the crisis began in 2015. The numbers are expected to rise, and that's straining Spain's migrant services.

RACHEL MARTIN, HOST:

Spain received the highest number of migrants on their shores last year, topping both Italy and Greece. Spain saw a sharp increase of arrivals last summer, which overwhelmed refugee centers in the south. And this year, Spanish officials expect the number to keep rising. Lucia Benavides reports.

LUCIA BENAVIDES, BYLINE: Mamaru Lamine Sarr is ironing shirts for a clothing store in downtown Barcelona. The store is run by an association of undocumented migrants. Sarr, who's from Senegal, is one of the union's founding members. He says they opened the shop in 2017 to help migrants find steady work.

MAMARU LAMINE SARR: (Speaking Spanish).

BENAVIDES: Since he arrived in Spain in 2006, Sarr says he's had to take care of himself. There's been virtually no official support, just some help from local activists and the migrant community. This past year, he says he's seen the numbers increase as authorities bus migrants into Barcelona from overcrowded reception centers in the south.

SARR: (Speaking Spanish).

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Arkiveringsdatum 190123:

TT-Reuters / UNT 19-01-22:

Libyen/ Kritik sedan migranter återförts till Libyen till sidans topp

Mer än 140 migranter som räddats av fartyget Lady Sham har förts i land i Misrata i Libyen, uppger FN:s flyktingorgan UNHCR.

Charlie Yaxley, taleman för UNHCR, säger att våld och brott mot mänskliga rättigheter är utbrett i landet.

Inga räddade flyktingar bör återföras dit.

UNHCR fördömer att europeiska länder förbjudit hjälporganisationer att utföra räddningsaktioner.

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SvT Utrikes 19-01-20:

Libanon/ Vinterstormar drabbar syriska flyktingar till sidans topp

Snö, kyla och hårda vindar förvärrar situationen för syriska flyktingar i östra Libanon. Minst tre syriska barn har omkommit under januari i de två vinterstormar och efterföljande översvämningar som drabbat Libanon.

Av de över fem miljoner människor som har flytt Syrien befinner sig omkring en miljon i Libanon, enligt FN.

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Samos Chronics 19-01-19:

Grekland/ Samos Island Notes January 2019 till sidans topp

Posted by christonysofiane

The past few weeks have seen Samos island drenched by days of winter rain storms. Most of the farmers are happy. Winter soaking keeps Samos a green island and is essential if the fruits, vegetables, olives and vines are going to flourish in the hot summers.

I am consumed with frustration and anger. For the past 5 or 6 winters the refugees on Samos have faced catastrophe. Every winter there are no preparations. Every winter! I am reminded of a conversation with Medicin Sans Frontiere when they first came to Samos. The project leader thought Samos was one of the worst places he had been to, because unlike many of the other places he had worked in which had nothing due to war or natural disasters, Samos did have existing resources and facilities that were desperately needed by the refugees but were not made available. This conversation took place over four years ago and NOTHING has changed. This month thousands of human beings have been freezing and soaking in tents and shelters, living in a swamp when there are schools, halls, hotels, army bases ......standing empty.

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Radio France Internationale 19-01-09:

Frankrike/ Rise in unaccompanied minors, Parisians step in as volunteers till sidans topp

As Europe's refugee crisis continues, an increasing number of unaccompanied minors have been arriving in France over the last two years. Europe requires children to be protected, but many of them are not officially recognised as minors, leaving them without support and out of school. Some Paris residents have stepped in, creating informal networks to help guide, and even house some of these teenagers.

"If we don't do it, who will?" asks Kandioura, referring to his volunteer work with minor migrants in Paris who arrive on their own, with no family to turn to.

When he has time off from his job as a health aide, Kandioura joins Agathe Nadimi and other volunteers to look for for teenagers who are loitering around the Demie, the one facility in Paris that does official age determinations for unaccompanied minors.

Midmorning on a grey day in early January about a dozen young men stand in front of the centre's gates. They look aimless, some are holding documents.

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ECRE News 19-01-11:

Frankrike/ Lottery-based access to day centre a reminder of reception shortages till sidans topp

Accommodation places in a migrants' day centre run by the organisation France Horizon in Paris are given by lottery. Every morning, groups ranging from 150 to 400 people appear before the centre, which has a capacity of no more than 50 places, to test their chances of obtaining a place.

According to the centre management, lottery-based access to accommodation is no more unjust a system than a "first come, first served" arrangement or a list of candidates. It also minimises risks of tension and violence among those seeking a place.

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Big Issue North 19-01-14:

Frankrike/ 'A cruel game of waiting' till sidans topp

The charity Care 4 Calais has been working for more than three years to provide basic necessities to those who are destitute in Europe, having fled conflict and unsustainable lives. I have been a regular visitor to some of the ad hoc camps in France since December 2015. After the Jungle in Calais was dismantled in 2016 many of the inhabitants went to Paris. As part of Care 4 Calais' winter campaign I took my staff to Paris to meet Danica Jurisic, who works on the ground helping people to find food and shelter, to access education and healthcare, and to navigate the asylum process.

The camps themselves are scattered around the city. This Christmas saw a significant rise in the numbers of people making the dangerous journey over the channel to reach safety in the UK. As I have seen on each visit to the camps, they can barely be called habitation. Considering the conditions that those seeking safety are forced to endure on reaching Europe, it is not surprising they are willing to make such desperate journeys on the open sea.

Those forced to sleep outdoors select locations where they are not likely to be evicted. Jurisic explained that the first camp we visited offered the inhabitants good escape routes should the police attempt to remove them. Other areas are chosen due to the shelter they offer from the weather, for instance under bridges or near public buildings.

The lack of adequate shelter was highlighted by a small pile of sodden blankets and clothing strewn across the mud near one of the camps. Following torrential rain, several tents had leaked, causing the contents to become saturated. Living outside in the winter means that clothing cannot be dried and has to be abandoned.

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The Ferret 19-01-11:

Storbritannien/ Asylum seekers in Scotland deprived of health care till sidans topp

Destitute asylum seekers in Scotland are not getting proper healthcare because the UK government denies them recourse to public funds, according to a new report.

The Equality and Human Rights Commission said that tuberculosis (TB) patients have been affected while disabled and pregnant asylum seekers also face severe barriers to healthcare.

People with mental health problems are also suffering while others, the report claims, have been too frightened to seek medical help due to rumours that the NHS passes information on patients to the Home Office.

Charities supporting refugees have welcomed the commission's report. One organisation said it highlighted "the grim reality" facing many destitute asylum seekers in the UK.

But the Home Office has defended its treatment of people, saying that it "takes the well-being of asylum seekers very seriously".

The commission examined issues experienced by people seeking or refused asylum when they try to use health services in Britain.

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Arkiveringsdatum 190111:

TT / UNT 19-01- 06:

USA/ Här får desperata migranter hämta andan till sidans topp

Jag är lycklig. Jag vill inte återvända, svarar Avigael Angela snabbt på frågan om hur hon känner sig efter den långa resan.

Men en tår letar sig ner för kinden och avslöjar att de senaste veckornas upplevelser satt sina spår. I famnen håller hon treårige Carlos Matteo, som fortfarande är medtagen efter fem dagar i gränspolisens kyliga förvar.

Vi fick bara en tunn nylonfilt och det enda vi gavs att äta var frysta smörgåsar, berättar hon för TT:s utsända.

Mat och kläder

Hon befinner sig i undersökningsrummet på välgörenhetsorganisationen Catholic Charities RGV:s vilocenter i staden McAllen, vid gränsen mot Mexiko. På skylten mot gatan står: "Återupprättande av mänsklig värdighet". Det är här myndigheterna lämnar av migranter som tillbringat tid i fängsligt förvar efter att ha tagit sig över USA:s gräns olagligt - och som inte omedelbart fått avslag på sina asylansökningar och deporterats. Ruth Avigael Angelas fall kommer så småningom att tas upp i en invandringsdomstol och under tiden har hon fått tillstånd att resa till sin bror i New York.

Men att köpa bussbiljetter, kontakta anhöriga och samla ihop sig i ett främmande land efter dagarna på cellens betonggolv är inte självklart. Det är där vilocentret kommer in i bilden. Här passerar uppemot 250 människor om dygnet - personer som får en dusch, rena kläder, enklare sjukvård samt tre lagade mål mat om dagen. Full aktivitet råder, med frivilliga soppkokare i köket och klädsorterare i förrådet. Vid ett bord äter en familj tyst sin frukost, andra är på väg till duscharna på bakgården.

På kvällen läggs blå galonmadrasser och filtar ut tätt i samlingssalen. Räcker inte golvytan flyttar man över till kyrkan några kvarter bort.

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Refugees Deeply comment 18-12-20:

Turkiet/ Turkey must not ignore non-Syrian refugees till sidans topp

As Turkey takes sole responsibility from UNHCR for processing the asylum claims of Afghans and other non-Syrians, it must register them and allow them to access their basic rights, say Refugees International's Izza Leghtas and Jessica Thea.

On a cold day in the Turkish city of Kayseri last November, we sat in the living room of two young men, Mustafa, aged 18, and Hafiz, 23, as they told us about their life since they arrived in Turkey. For single Afghan men such as these, seeking refuge in Turkey has always been a challenging affair. But in recent months, it has become all but impossible. Dozens of Afghan men and boys described to us how the Turkish authorities now refuse to register them as asylum seekers. Nor will the authorities issue them a kimlik - the Turkish identity card that gives refugees access to healthcare, education and work permits.

Of the four Afghan men living in the apartment, only Mustafa had a kimlik, and he obtained it only after he was badly injured in a road accident. At the hospital, he said, "For two hours I was just lying there ... Because I didn't have a kimlik, they didn't give me proper treatment, just a temporary fix." He bled through his stitches almost immediately and, after leaving the hospital, approached the authorities, covered in blood. Seeing his condition, an official issued his kimlik the same day.

"Sometimes we joke, 'if you want a kimlik, you should have an accident,'" Hafiz said.

Turkey currently hosts the largest population of refugees in the world - nearly 4 million, including 170,000 Afghans who fled either violence in Afghanistan or the lack of opportunities and protection for Afghans in Iran.

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National Geographic 18-12-19:

Mexiko/ 'There is hope on the border': In Tijuana, resilience endures among migrants till sidans topp

Honduran photographer Tomás Ayuso traveled with the migrant caravan, witnessing love and community even in the bleakest conditions.

The migrant capital of the Americas, Tijuana, hosts some 6,000 Central American refugees; many of them Honduran and each with their own personal story of displacement. They arrived after a month-long journey riding atop fuel tankers, packed into buses, and walking across stretches of jungle heat and desert cold.

For three years I've documented how Honduras came undone, following the different ways people fled their homes, searching for sanctuary across borders. I believe that in Honduras the right to life is no longer guaranteed at birth, as crisis after crisis has left our country trapped in a permanent state of collapse. As the caravan made its way through Mexico I recognized the pattern, but the scale was unheard of. I met them in Mexico City, and traveled alongside them to the Mexico's northwesternmost corner.

I listened in disbelief to the music of our accent ringing out on the streets of Tijuana where families and individuals from every corner of our country were gathered. Quickly they spread across the city: some in flophouses, others in churches. Just south of the everpresent border fence most settled in the Barretal refugee camp. Here, coffee pickers from Ocotepeque's woodlands share tents with motormouths from Tegucigalpa, and southern fishermen of Choluteca break bread with indigenous Tolupanes from mountainous Yoro. It's an oft repeated refrain among Honduran migrants: When we leave home we become closer. In spite of the camp's difficult conditions, it is heartening to see the quick bonds formed by erstwhile strangers in acts of spontaneous friendship and unity.

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Aftonbladet 19-01-09:

Libanon/ Nödläge utlyst efter stormen till sidans topp

Stormen Norma har nu slagit till och fört in iskylan över flyktinglägren i Libanon.

Ett tung snötäcke har allvarligt skadat minst 150 av landets tillfälliga flyktingbosättningar. Sjukhus har svämmat över och skolor har stängt.

Den libanesiska regeringen tvingas nu utlysa nödläge.

Vintrarna i kan bli tuffa i Bekaadalen, som ligger östra Libanon, och i tisdags drog stormen Norma in med full kraft. Häftiga vindar och tung blötsnö drabbade området nära gränsen till Syrien, där en kvarts miljon flyktingar från Syrien bor i tillfälliga bostäder.

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AYS 19-01-02:

Grekland/ The case of Oinofyta: From one hell to another - island to mainland till sidans topp

Oinofyta is a refugee camp run by IOM around 60 km from Athens, Greece. In November 2017 Oinofyta was closed, as conditions did not meet the minimum legal standards. It was re-opened in March 2018, not because conditions had improved, but to meet demand. An AYS team member visited the camp after it had reopened in the summer and noted that conditions were worse than when the camp was initially closed?-?9 months later, people exist in the same hell.

During 2018, the international media, as well as human rights organizations, focused their attention on the hotspots of the Greek Islands, mostly Moria on Lesvos, a place that has been widely referred to as "the worst refugee camp on earth", or Samos where 4,600 people live in a camp built for 650.

These camps are rightly criticised as conditions are insufferable?-?they are overcrowded, unsafe and unsanitary. Thousands have no choice but to continue living in tents throughout the winter. Conditions are deplorable despite millions of Euros being sent by the EU to improve conditions. In July, 20 million extra Euros were awarded to the UNHCR for this purpose, but on Lesvos, everything remains unchanged.

This money was in addition to the 1.6 billion Euros given to Greece since 2015 to address migration. There is an ongoing investigation regarding corruption and embezzlement of these funds.

In the fall of 2018, the Greek migration minister Dimitris Vitsas announced that 6000 people will be transferred from the camps on the islands by the end of the year. This number is on top of over 23,000 refugees who have already been transferred to the mainland in 2018. As pressure mounts to transfer asylum seekers from Lesvos and other hotspots, IOM proudly proclaim that they play a part in relocating families to better conditions.

However, transfers to camps such as Oinofyta should not be celebrated too quickly.

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AYS 19-01-08:

Grekland/ Winter kills in the Aegean camps till sidans topp

A medical team working on Chios has put out a "yellow alert" because of the freezing cold tonight. The team is mobilizing for possible emergencies as a wave of "polar cold" hits the island, with many families having only a thin tent to protect them from the elements.

Volunteers working in the camp report people begging for extra sheets and blankets because they are sleeping on plastic tarps. Even families with young children and pregnant women are not being given accomodation.

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Arkiveringsdatum 181231:

Aftonbladet 18-12-19:

Jordanien/ Drömmen i jul - en varm dusch till sidans topp

I ett fallfärdigt hus utan riktiga fönster bor mamma Nihad, pappa Helal och de tre barnen. Yngst är Fatima, 3.

Nu kommer vintern med kyla och snö - igen. Det blir familjens femte vinter på flykt.

- Barnen fryser varje gång vi försöker tvätta dem. Vi kan bara drömma om att kunna ta en varm dusch, säger Nihad.

Med hjälp av Sverige för UNHCR, FN:s flyktingorgan, får Aftonbladet kontakt med trebarnsfamiljen i Jordanien.

Familjen bor i Mafraq i den norra delen av landet, inte långt från gränsen till deras hemland Syrien. I södra Syrien, i staden Dar'a, ligger det som var deras hem. När kriget tvingade dem på flykt bodde 100 000 i staden, hur många som bor kvar i dag är det ingen som riktigt vet.

Lever i fallfärdiga hus

Det här blir trebarnsfamiljens femte vinter på flykt. I likhet med tusentals andra flyktingar har de tvingats bosätta sig i övergivna eller fallfärdiga hus i norr Jordanien.

Här för vinterstormarna med sig regn och snö, och temperaturen faller ofta till under nollan. För människorna som lever här är drömmen om om ett varmt hem närmast ouppnåelig.

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Aftonbladet 18-12-23:

Jordanien/ 2-åriga Mohammad har aldrig sett sitt eget hem till sidans topp

Abu Hashim och hans familj har ett stort hus i en bördigt jordbruksbygd i Syrien dit många åker på semester om våren.

Där har yngste sonen, Mohammad, 2, aldrig varit.

För familjen väntar nu återigen en kamp för överlevnad när den fruktade kylan lägger sig över det gigantiskt ett flyktingläger.

Familjen har varit på flykt i fyra år och bor nu i flyktinglägret Azraq i Jordanien. Ett relativt fattig land, utan oljetillgångar, dit nästan 700 000 flyktingar från Syrien har tagit sig. Landet, som också tagit emot många flyktingar från Irak, står nu inför en oerhört tuff utmaning.

Mohammads tre äldre syskon, Seba, 9, Hashim, 12 och Raghad, 16, har alla minnen av ett bättre liv. Men det har inte Mohammad. Han är ett av alla barn som växer upp i skuggan av inbördeskriget i Syrien, och han känner inte till något annat än den torftiga vardagen i ett flyktingläger.

Tidigare arbetade Mohammads pappa, Abu Hashim, den syriska jordbruksmyndigheten. För honom är minnena av "det andra livet" i den lilla staden Ghouta både ett ljus och en börda.

- Vi orkar inte jämföra vårt liv här i lägret med vårt liv hemma i Syrien. Vi hade ett fint hem, ett hus med flera rum. Där var det varm och vackert. Att jämföra det med livet här ger mig bara huvudvärk, säger Abu Hashim.

Man ser glädjen i hans ögon när han ser på sin lille son. Men samma ögon fylls med en stor sorg när han blickar ut över lägret där hans barn tvingas att växa upp.

Nu när vintern kommer växer också oron.

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Are You Syrious 18-12-28:

Polen/ AYS SPECIAL: Notes from POLAND till sidans topp

Poland has gained notoriety over the past few years for its sharp rightwing turn, refusal to take in a single refugee from the small quota allocated by the EU (7,000 people), and its virulent anti-immigration rhetoric, coupled with an ugly alliance with nationalists. The situation is difficult, even harrowing at times, but there are some bright glimmers of hope to be found among the actions of local volunteer groups.

Poland has made local headlines with its treatment of asylum seekers at the Eastern border. Being the eastern-most EU country, it is a highly desirable point of entry. Guards at the border crossing in Brzesc-Terespol (Belarus-Poland) have been systematically denying people the right to submit their asylum claims. Asylum seekers arrive through Belarus (essentially a vassal state of Russia, and unsafe) from Chechnya mostly, and spend all their savings as they 'try their luck', some as many as 60 times. Under Polish law and the Geneva Convention, asylum seekers have the right to submit their claims at the border and this should have nothing to do with luck.

The situation at this particular crossing is regularly monitored by a number of groups (the Helsinki Human Rights Foundation, Amnesty International and some Polish groups), but in 2015 and 2016 it became untenable (by 2016, the number of asylum claims filed in Poland had fallen by 60%). In 2017 a group of pro-bono lawyers was formed to assist people with filing their claims, and complaints were drawn against the border guards in EU courts, with winning rulings (ECtHR)?-?but the unlawful practice was ongoing and EU verdicts flaunted as of this fall.

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Are You Syrious 18-12-26:

Bosnien/ Humiliating living conditions in IOM-run centre in Bosnia till sidans topp

Temporary accommodation centre Miral in Velika Kladuaa is the ugliest and most frightening place where asylum seekers stack in Bosnia and Herzegovina are living. Not that other newly open centers in Bosnia are good, but this one is the worst.

The place, like many others in this country, is run by the International Organization for Migrations ( IOM - UN Migration), but many other big international organizations are present inside.

Due to the lack of basic living conditions, or any privacy, people live under extreme stress, and high tensions are almost palpable for anybody who approaches it.

Simply put

UN agencies and state agencies in Bosnia are running the place below any living standards.

The centre was created in October, after big protests at the border with the EU. For 10 days, about 300 people protested at the Maljevac border crossing, demanding that the borders be opened for a safe passage. The border remained closed, while the exhausted and deeply disappointed group was transferred to Miral, a former PVC factory. In addition, with the first snow people who were living in the Trnovi make-shift camp were transferred to Miral, and the number of residents more than doubled over the next several hours. People were moved in even though there were not even minimal conditions for them at the time.

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Svenska Dagbladet 18-12-21:

Italien/ Flyktingvänlig borgmästare bannlyst från sin egen stad till sidans topp

När hundratals migranter välkomnades till syditalienska Riace hyllades borgmästare Lucanos integrationsmodell.

Men den invandringskritiska Salvini-regeringen är av annan uppfattning. Partiet har nu inlett en brottsutredning av den hyllade borgmästaren - som bannlysts från sin egen stad.

Domenico Lucano, borgmästare i den kalabreiska Riace, har hamnat i en knepig sits - han har inte längre tillåtelse att sätta sin fot i den stad han var satt att styra.

Lucano bannlystes från hemstaden i oktober, ett besked som kom kort efter att borgmästaren gripits misstänkt för att systematiskt ha hjälpt flyktingar att undkomma landets migrationslagar.

Fallet har väckt stor uppmärksamhet och kritiker menar nu att åtalet kan vara politiskt motiverat - ännu en i raden av migrationskritiska åtgärder i Salvinis Italien.

Borgmästaren, som i folkmun kallas för Mimmo, har tidigare hyllats för sitt migrationsprogram. Programmet har välkomnat invandrare och migranter till det glesbefolkade byn Riace som liksom många italienska småbyar de senaste åren tömts när dess invånare flyttat till större städer i jakt på jobb.

I slutet på 1990-talet hade byn nära på förvandlats till en spökstad. Över hälften av husen stod övergivna och politikerna försökte desperat hitta sätt att syresätta den döende orten.

Det var då, 1998, som den nyvalda borgmästaren Lucano kom på idén att locka nyanlända migranter att flytta till byn. De utländska medborgare som gick med på att bosätta sig i Riace erbjöds boende i övergivna hus samt yrkesförberedande intensivkurser för att snabbt få in dem i arbetslivet.

Initiativet lyckades framgångsrikt vända den negativa befolkningstrenden: sedan dess har hundratals migranter från bland annat Somalia, Afghanistan, Ghana och Gambia bosatt sig i Riace.

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Arkiveringsdatum 181218:

New Statesman 18-12-05:

Libyen/ As an LGBT refugee, Europe's deal with Libya has left me fearing for my life till sidans topp

I feared that if I told the UN officials why I fled, they could transfer the information to the Libyan authorities, who might shoot me.

I escaped Somalia because I am gay, but now I'm trapped in Libya. At home they will shoot me, because in Somalia it is not allowed to be LGBT. In Libya, they will also shoot me, because it's like Somalia. Maybe it's even worse than Somalia.

I know of around ten more LGBT refugees in detention centres here, and others outside. Europe should welcome LGBT refugees and help them, as they used to. But Europe struck a deal with Libya, which means that Libya's coastguard would intercept those of us fleeing across the Mediterranean. They are now returning us to a country where we can be killed.

In Somalia, I got through a lot of obstacles. Whenever I tried to ask my family and my friends what they believed about LGBT people, they used to say to me: "They are bad people and they don't have a right to live in this country." So I kept asking them. For example, I asked: "What if your friend or brother was gay, what would you do to him?" They told me that they would kill or torture him until he turned straight. I was afraid a lot after I heard that.

I didn't tell my family I was leaving. If I had, my life would have been over. But once I got to Libya, I had to call them to get money for the smugglers. They were shocked to hear about where I was, and how I had been tortured by the smugglers. In that situation, we didn't have a chance to talk about the reasons I had gone.

I only had to pay $500 up front to make the journey to Libya, which I had saved from my job in Somalia. But when I arrived I was held by smugglers for five months, until I paid another $9,000, collected from family members. The smugglers tortured me. They poured flaming drops of plastic bottles on my body. I'm covered in scars from it. A friend, who is also LGBT, was tortured especially badly when he was in the smugglers' place.

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IRIN 18-12-11:

Libanon/ Unsafe in Syria, unwanted in Lebanon till sidans topp

Eric Reidy

Why some Syrian refugees are leaving Lebanon by sea

Samer Najmeh stripped off his life jacket and swam towards the hull of the overturned boat, and towards his son.

Moments before, in the early hours of 22 September, the 33-year-old had been on board the small fibreglass fishing vessel with around 40 others. Most, like Najmeh, were Syrian refugees who had been living in Lebanon for years and were attempting to make the clandestine voyage to Cyprus, an EU member state 250 kilometres from Lebanon's northern coast.

After only an hour and a half at sea, according to Najmeh's recollection, the overburdened motor stopped working and the vessel capsized in the ensuing panic, sending its passengers tumbling into the water. "When we first sank we couldn't see the shore or anything else," Najmeh said. "Nothing except the water and the sky."

Most of the people who spilled into the sea were wearing life jackets and quickly bobbed to the surface. But others, including Najmeh's five-year-old son Khaled, were stuck under the overturned boat, their life jackets pushing them up and trapping them against the hull.

Najmeh dived down multiple times, sweeping the black, salty water away from his face with his hands. Exhausted and out of breath he eventually assumed his son had been pushed away from the boat when it flipped and was floating safely somewhere on the surface.

It wasn't until the local fisherman who rescued the group hours later dived under the wreck and brought up Khaled's body that Najmeh realised his son was dead. "I was holding him in my arms," he said. "That's something nobody could handle."

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Svenska Dagbladet 18-12-08:

Jordanien/ De kom till ett flyktingläger - byggde en stad till sidans topp

Från elände till fungerande stad. Snart åtta år efter Syrienkrigets början blir flyktinglägret i jordanska Zaatari allt mer lik en stad med shoppinggata, skolor, arbeten, el och rinnande vatten.

Det är inte säkert att det kommer att vara så många som återvänder till Syrien där kriget går mot sitt slut.

Mörka moln hänger tungt över flyktinglägret Zaatari. Syriske Yusuf Touqan står och ser ut över den ljusbruna slänten och containerhusen som breder ut sig så långt man kan se.

2012 reste han hit med familjen från striderna kring staden Dar'a i södra Syrien. Gränsen ligger bara elva kilometer bort.

- Vi trodde att vi skulle stanna i kanske två veckor. Nu är vi inne på sjunde året.

Kriget i Syrien har redan pågått längre än andra världskriget. Omkring en halv miljon tros ha dött. Ingen vet säkert, FN slutade räknade dödsoffer 2016. Fem miljoner har flytt landet. 1,4 miljoner av dem finns i grannlandet Jordanien och 80 000 finns här i Zaatari.

Med åren har Yusufs och hustrun Yasmins hem blivit allt trängre. De hade två barn när de kom, ytterligare två barn har fötts här i lägret. Därför har de fått ytterligare en container, som kan byggas ihop den med den befintliga. Det är välkommet eftersom alla sex i familjen sover i ett och samma rum.

Men Yusuf är osäker på hur han ska göra. Kriget i Syrien ser ut att gå mot sitt slut och hela södra delen av landet har tagits över av regimen. Kanske blir det möjligt att återvända?

- Jag hoppas att det blir säkrare, men ingen vet vad som kommer att hända. Vi väntar och ser.

Väntan riskerar att bli lång. Flyktingskap ses som en tillfällig lösning, men tenderar allt oftare att bli betydligt längre än vad någon ursprungligen tänkt sig. Enligt en granskning från Världsbanken ligger genomsnittstiden för flyktingar i exil en bra bit över 20 år.

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Sveriges Radio Ekot 18-12-14:

Centralafrika/ Amnesty: FN lämnade flyktingar utan skydd till sidans topp

Amnesty riktar nu skarp kritik mot FN för hur de hanterade en attack på ett flyktingläger i Centralafrikanska republiken i november.

Enligt en ny rapport valde FN-soldater på platsen att dra sig tillbaka när lägret attackerades, vilket enligt människorättsorganisationen Amnesty ledde till att upp emot hundra civilpersoner dödades.

Det var på morgonen den 15 november i år som beväpnade milissoldater attackerade ett läger för internflyktingar i Alindao. Enligt vittnen på plats sköt de granater på lägret och brände sen ner och plundrade mycket av det som fanns kvar.

Upp emot 100 personer ska ha dödats i attacken. Många barn, äldre och funktionsnedsatta.

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Sveriges Radio Ekot 18-12-11:

Grekland/ Ansträngt läge i grekiska migrantläger till sidans topp

Samtidigt som en majoritet av FN:s medlemsländer igår sa ja till den så kallade internationella migrationspakten, som bättre ska reglera migrationen i världen, fortsätter läget att vara mycket ansträngt på grekiska öar som Samos och Lesbos.

Irfan, 1,5 år trampar runt i vattenpölarna medan hans mamma Reihana isolerar tältgolvet med en filt, hammare och spik. Utanför står hennes man Muhamed, snyggt klädd i mörkblå jacka och jeans.

I Afghanistan arbetade han för den lokala regeringen men efter flera dödshot från talibaner valde han och familjen att fly. De kom i båt till Lesbos för bara ett par dagar sedan.

- Det var vår enda chans, säger Muhamed.

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Arkiveringsdatum 181204:

Sveriges Radio 18-12-01:

Uganda/ Miljontals kronor borta i FN-projekt till sidans topp

FN:s flyktingkommissariat UNHCR skakas av en skandal med miljontals kronor som försvunnit i ett FN-projekt i Uganda.

Upptrissade kontrakt för vägbyggen med leverantörer utan relevant kompetens, saltade räkningar för transporter, kraftigt överdrivna skatteinbetalningar - listan är lång över hur tiotals miljoner kronor har försvunnit till regeringsanställda och privata företagare i Uganda istället för att nå flyktingar.

Uganda har gjort sig känt för sitt öppna mottagande av människor på flykt undan striderna i Sydsudan och sina generösa erbjudanden om vård till exempel.

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Sveriges Radio 18-12-03:

Australien/ Kritik mot Australien hantering av flyktingar till sidans topp

Kritiken mot Australiens regering för hur den hanterar flyktingar och migranter som försöker ta sig dit på båtar blir allt hårdare.

Migranterna förs till två läger på öar i Stilla havet, där levnadsförhållandena är ytterst svåra. Såväl höger- som vänsterregeringar har drivit denna politik sedan 2013.

Detta är kränkningar som skattebetalarna betar för säger Tim O'Connor från människorättsorganisationen Amnesty.

Han är bara en av många som pressar på för att Australien ska sluta att landsätta människor på den lilla Stilla havsön Nauru, där de lämnas i stekheta tält och svåra förhållanden.

Ända sedan politiken infördes 2013 har protesterna hörts, men de blir nu allt starkare.

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SvT Special 18-11-25:

Frankrike/ Hundratals afghaner har kommit till Paris efter asylavslag i Sverige till sidans topp

I den här delen av norra Paris stinker det piss och cannabis. Här blandas nyanlända med missbrukare och psykiskt sjuka. Under ett pingisbord i en park söker ett tiotal unga afghaner skydd varje natt. De talar svenska.

- Vi kom inte hit för att äta mat eller för en bra lägenhet. Vi kom för att få stanna, säger Rahim Karimi, som trots svenskt utvisningsbeslut nu fått uppehållstillstånd i Frankrike.

Han är en av uppskattningsvis hundratals afghaner som lämnat Sverige för Paris efter avslag på asylansökan.

Det är klassiskt höstväder i Paris den här eftermiddagen. Gulbruna höstlöv på marken, sjunkande temperaturer och regn på ingång.

Utrymmet under pingisbordet i parken har varit basläger för ett tiotal unga afghaner en månad nu. Här tillbringar de varje natt. Alla talar svenska, har bott på olika håll i Sverige i flera år. Ingen av dem har ännu lyckats fixa något riktigt boende i Frankrike.

Tre av de unga killar som tillbringar nätterna vid pingisbordet visar runt i parken.

Men killarna har åtminstone varandra under kyliga Paris-nätter som knappast blir varmare ju närmare vinter det lider. Under pingisbordet finns två sjaviga madrasser och en tunn plywood-skiva.

- Där inne i busken har vi kartonger också. Vi lägger ut dem här på nätterna, säger Nemat på en svenska som bär tydliga spår av flera år i Västerås.

Pingisbordet är det minst dåliga alternativet just nu. Parispolisen ser nämligen inte mellan fingrarna när det gäller tält i parker och på gator. Allt rivs.

- Det går inte att ligga ner och sova på kartong, man får sitta upp istället, tillägger kompisen Roulan som både bott och arbetat i Sverige.

Skoninglöst dån från motorvägen

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SvT Utrikes 18-11-25:

Frankrike/ Svenska kyrkan: Nu kommer fler svensktalande afghaner än någonsin till sidans topp

De senaste två åren har hundratals unga svensktalande afghaner tagit dykt upp i Paris, i hopp om franskt uppehållstillstånd efter avslag på asylansökan i Sverige. Den här hösten är situationen för de som möter många av de unga svensk-afghanerna mer ansträngd än någonsin tidigare.

- Det kommer fler nu, säger Tua Sällström, präst i Svenska kyrkan i Paris.

Svenska kyrkan i Paris bedömer att 300 till 400 afghaner sökt hjälp hos dem. Sannolikt är de ännu fler.

Första veckorna i början av 2017 handlade det om en handfull som dök upp på kyrkans innergård. Sedan ett tiotal. Den här hösten är situationen helt annorlunda.

- Nu kommer det fler. Såvitt jag kan bedöma handlar det om den nya gymnasielagen och konsekvenserna av att det finns de som inte ser att de kan stanna, säger Tua Sällström, präst vid Svenska kyrkan i Paris, till SVT Nyheter.

"Nya varje dag"

Prästen poängterar att antalet personer som dyker upp kan variera stort, från vecka till vecka.

- Här sitter oftast, när vi har öppet, mellan 15 och 45 killar. Men det kommer nya varje dag, säger Tua Sällström.

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Amnesty International 18-11-30:

Grekland/ Another winter of discontent on the Greek islands till sidans topp

"Winter is coming," Ali, a 21-year-old refugee from Afghanistan said to me when I met him Moria refugee camp on the Greek island of Lesvos last month. "There are pregnant women and children here. How are they going to survive the cold?" It was a question to which I had no answer, and as temperatures across Europe tumble, it is a question that returns to haunt me.

What I witnessed in Moria shocked me to the core. Hugely overcrowded with a lack of sanitation and drinking water, the camp suffers from infestations of mice and rats. When I was there almost 7,500 people were jammed into a camp with an official capacity of 3,100.

People queue for hours for meagre portions of food. Shoeless children play beside streams of raw sewage which seeps into people's makeshift shelters or tents. This accommodation has no heating, insulation or even proper flooring and is woefully ill-suited for winter.

Moria, and other refugee camps on the Greek islands, are dangerous for everyone, but women and girls, unaccompanied minors and members of the LGBTI community are particularly at risk. Showers and toilets often do not have locks and lighting is poor. Even simple daily tasks such as taking a shower or getting water can be stressful and risky.

One young mother who fled Afghanistan with her four children, the youngest of whom is just two years old, told me: "We are all sleeping in a tent. No one is telling us what is going to happen." Another, Fatime, also from Afghanistan told me she does not feel safe in Moria. "We spend twelve hours queuing for food. We came here to find protection and send our children to school. We didn't come here to live in a jungle."

This will be the third winter that Moria and thousands of its inhabitant will have to endure such conditions. Not surprisingly, this coincides with the third winter of the implementation of the EU-Turkey deal, the main driver behind the inhumane conditions refugees and migrants face today on the Greek islands.

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Arkiveringsdatum 181125:

Svt Nyheter 18-11- 18:

Libanon/ Cancersjuka flyktingbarn kan bli utan vård till sidans topp

Cancersjuka syriska flyktingbarn i Libanon riskerar att bli utan vård.

På ett sjukhus i Beirut träffade vår korrespondent en sjuårig leukemisjuk pojke, vars tillstånd beskrivs som kritiskt. Trots att sjukdomen i de flesta fall är botbar, vill ingen betala hans livsnödvändig behandling.

- Min hand bränns och jag blir kraftlös och har ingen energi.

Så beskriver sjuåriga Abdel Hamid Mokkabel känslan när han fått cellgiftsbehandling.

Han ligger nu på sjukhus och får antibiotikadropp för en akut lunginflammation efter den senaste cellgiftsbehandlingen för en månad sedan.

Läkaren Layal Issa har behandlat Abdel Hamid, hon är också ordförande i den libanesiska frivilligorganisationen Karma som försöker bekosta flyktingbarns vård.

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Sveriges Radio Utrikes 18-11-19:

Bangladesh/ Rohingyska flyktingar blir kvar i Bangladesh till sidans topp

Bangladesh kommer att skjuta fram planerna på att skicka tillbaka de 720 000 rohingyska flyktingar som finns i landet till nästa år.

Hundratals rohingyer i flyktinglägret i Cox Bazar i Bangladesh protesterade förra veckan när det var tänkt att programmet för återvändande till Myanmar skulle ha inletts.

Orsaken till att Bangladesh nu kan vara på väg att ändra sig, från beslutet att skicka tillbaka dom rohingyiska flyktingarna, är att landet kommer att ha parlamentsval den 30 december. Den sittande regeringen vill inte, eller vågar inte, ta ett mer permanent beslut i frågan.

Anledningen kan vara att ett avgöranden kan påverka valutgången eller röra upp känslor i landet.

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Deutsche Welle 18-11-18:

Tyskland/ Paying the price for helping refugees in Germany till sidans topp

Thousands of people in Germany have vouched for refugees in recent years and are now being asked to pay high sums. Were their good intentions misguided?

His wife warned him. But what could go wrong? Christian Osterhaus was convinced that he was doing the right thing. And hadn't the foreign nationals' office assured him and his fellow campaigners from the "Flüchtlingshilfe Syrien" ("Refugee Aid for Syria") that the guarantors for refugees would be liable only until official asylum status was granted?

Osterhaus signed two declarations of commitment - one for a Syrian child and one for a teenage girl. "We paid for the flights, found apartments and made sure that the people got something to eat here," he says.

In the western German city of Bonn alone, 450 people acted as guarantors. Nationwide, there are over 7000 refugee guarantors who have received unpleasant mail from job centers as well as city and municipal administrations in recent months. Or, as the 61-year-old Osterhaus puts it: "It's been a real slap in the face. You could also describe it as absolutely absurd!"

Osterhaus, who has been involved in civil society causes and development aid projects throughout his life, produces a gray folder in which he has meticulously filed all documents pertaining to the dispute over refugee guarantees in transparent plastic sleeves. The latest document is from 20 June, 2018, and was sent by Bonn's job center. It wants Osterhaus to pay €7,239.84 ($8,268.29) and warns that the sum could be even higher.

Unclear legal situation

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Balkan Insight 18-11-21:

Bosnien/ Migrants trapped in Bosnia awaken to winter's arrival till sidans topp

Snow and cold, the first signs of winter, have come to Bosnia and Herzegovina, where thousands of refugees and migrants remain stuck on their way to the European Union.

During the night of Monday to Tuesday, in Una Sana Canton, one out of ten administrative units in Bosnia's Federation entity, migrants living outside designated camps, like those in Kljuc and Velika Kladusa, woke up to snow and heavy rain.

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Arkiveringsdatum 181108:

Sveriges Radio Ekot 18-10-23:

USA/ Barn fortfarande separerade från sina föräldrar till sidans topp

Enligt en rapport från människorättsorganisationen ACLU väntar 120 barn fortfarande på att få återförenas med sina föräldrar. I 70 av de fallen befinner sig föräldrarna i USA, resterande 50 barn har inte längre kvar sina föräldrar i landet, efter att amerikanska myndigheter sett till att de lämnat USA.

Ytterligare 125 barn, vars föräldrar deporterats, har - med sina föräldrars godkännande - valt att fortsatt vara separerade för att på egen hand söka asyl.

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ECRE News 18-10-26:

Nauru/ Pressure is mounting on the Australian government to remove the refugees till sidans topp

As refugees endure a "Humanitarian Emergency", the political stalemate continues

Pressure is mounting on the Australian government to remove the refugees currently detained on the offshore processing centre on Nauru, following statements from the Australian Medical Association and the United Nations on the urgency of the conditions on the Island. As the threat of a hung parliament looms following the Liberal party's recent loss of their Wentworth seat, parties' are struggling to find a bipartisan solution to the crisis.

Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison is facing increasing parliamentary pressure, including on behalf of MPs from within his own party, which has intensified since the loss of the Wentworth byelection. Morrison is considering the prospect of at least 150 people from Nauru being resettled in New Zealand, but states that he is doing so only on the condition that the government secure the passage of legislation that will ensure there is no "backdoor entry" to Australia. This could mean the implementation of legislation shelved in 2016 that would impose a life time ban on asylum seekers who arrive to Australia by boat.

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TT / UNT 18-10-23: Elva barn evakuerades till Australien (Extern länk)

Amnesty International 18-11-01: Nauru's detained children must be given true freedom (Extern länk)

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TT / UNT 18-10-27:

Mexiko/ Hjälp till migranter som stannar i Mexiko till sidans topp

Mexiko försöker stoppa migranter på väg genom landet mot USA genom att erbjuda vård, skola och tillfälliga arbeten mot att de inte fortsätter norrut.

Landets president Enrique Peña Nieto säger att erbjudandet gäller de som stannar i de sydliga delstaterna Chiapas och Oaxaca, enligt en video som publicerats på Twitter.

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Sveriges Radio Ekot 18-11-07:

Jordanien/ Många syriska flyktingar stannar i Jordanien till sidans topp

För två veckor sedan öppnades gränsen mellan Jordanien och Syrien. En del av den närmare miljonen syriska flyktingar i Jordanien överväger nu möjligheten att återvända, medan andra är mycket tveksamma.

- Jag kommer att stanna i Jordanien, säger Halas som är 37 år och änka. Hon har glittrig ögonskugga och perfekt make-up där hon sitter i ett datorrum med andra kvinnor och lär sig ett ordbehandlingsprogram. Detta är flyktinglägret Zataari. Hon lever här med styvdöttrar och egna barn men maken försvann i kriget. Här känner hon sig trygg.

- Mina jobbchanser är betydligt bättre här i Jordanien än i Syrien, säger hon.

Många syriska flyktingar har hunnit rota sig under sina fem-sex-sju år här.

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Sveriges Radio Studio Ett 18-11-07: Jordaniens pressade flyktingsituation (Extern länk)

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ECRE News 18-10-26:

Australien/ Pressure mounting on the government to remove the refugees from Nauru till sidans topp

As refugees endure a "Humanitarian Emergency", the political stalemate continues

Pressure is mounting on the Australian government to remove the refugees currently detained on the offshore processing centre on Nauru, following statements from the Australian Medical Association and the United Nations on the urgency of the conditions on the Island. As the threat of a hung parliament looms following the Liberal party's recent loss of their Wentworth seat, parties' are struggling to find a bipartisan solution to the crisis.

Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison is facing increasing parliamentary pressure, including on behalf of MPs from within his own party, which has intensified since the loss of the Wentworth byelection. Morrison is considering the prospect of at least 150 people from Nauru being resettled in New Zealand, but states that he is doing so only on the condition that the government secure the passage of legislation that will ensure there is no "backdoor entry" to Australia. This could mean the implementation of legislation shelved in 2016 that would impose a life time ban on asylum seekers who arrive to Australia by boat.

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TT / UNT 18-10-23: Elva barn evakuerades till Australien (Extern länk)

Amnesty International 18-11-01: Nauru's detained children must be given true freedom (Extern länk)

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SvT Utrikes 18-10-31:

Grekland/ Tilos - grekiska ön som välkomnar flyktingar till sidans topp

För flyktingar är den grekiska övärlden känt som ett levande inferno med trångbodda läger utan framtidsutsikter. Men det finns en liten grekisk ö som gjort sig känt som ett undantag. SVT Nyheter har besökt Tilos - som kämpar för att flyktingar ska stanna kvar för att hindra ön från att avfolkas.

För turister, inte minst från Skandinavien, är den lilla ön Tilos är känt som ett stillsamt semesterparadis. Lugnet på Tilos är slående i kontrast till turistvimlet på grannöarna Rhodos och Kos.

Men Tilos sticker också ut med sin unika attityd till flyktingmottagande. Medan andra grekiska öar ber myndigheter att få slippa ta hand om flyktingar, så vill Tilos ta emot flyktingar med avsikten att de ska bli en del av ön.

En av dem är Ali, som inte vill avslöja sin identitet av rädsla för den syriska regimen. Han har överlevt 13 kulor i kroppen från Assadregimens soldater innan flykten från Ghouta i Syrien.

- Här på Tilos hälsar människor på oss. En del säger till och med hej på arabiska, trots att de är greker, berättar Ali.

"Nytt blod"

Den lilla ön Tilos har en lång tradition av att gå sin egen väg. Öns förra borgmästare var först i Grekland med att viga homosexuella, innan det ens formellt sett var lagligt.

Det ovanliga beslutet att frivilligt välkomna flyktingar har drivits igenom av den nuvarande borgmästare Maria Kamma, som är partipolitiskt oberoende.

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The Economist 18-11-01:

Grekland/ The human cost of Europe's migration policy till sidans topp

The conditions here are not the worst part," says Zabiullah, an affable middle-aged Afghan, sipping sweet tea in a rat-infested tent. The stench of sewage hangs in the air. No, he continues, the worst part of life in Moria, a camp for asylum-seekers on the Greek island of Lesbos, is the waiting. Residents can spend up to 12 hours a day in queues for food. Each day, they also await news on whether they will be granted asylum. Many, like Zabiullah, have been doing so for over a year since making the perilous 10km journey by small boat from Turkey to Lesbos. The prolonged uncertainty, he says, makes Moria feel like "a small piece of hell".

He is stuck there because of a deal struck in March 2016 between the EU and Turkey. Before it, thousands were arriving on Greece's easternmost islands every day. Turkey agreed, under the deal, to try to stop the boats and to accept unsuccessful asylum-seekers deported from the Greek islands. In return, the EU promised Turkey €3bn ($3.4bn) in aid and perks such as visa-free travel. For the EU, it felt like a great success. Sea arrivals to Greece fell from almost 1m in the year before the deal to 82,000 in the two-and-a-half years since (see chart ).

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Arkiveringsdatum 181018:

TT-AFP / UNT 18-09-28:

Internationellt/ Nytt miljardstöd till palestinska flyktingar till sidans topp

I augusti meddelade USA att man valt att frysa sitt bistånd på över 200 miljoner dollar till FN:s organ för palestinska flyktingar, UNWRA.

Därmed hamnade en redan ekonomisk skakig organisation i sin djupaste kris någonsin. USA har tidigare varit den största biståndsgivaren.

Men flera länder har gått samman och agerat och på torsdagen mottog UNRWA donationer på sammanlagt 118 miljoner dollar, det vill säga över en miljard kronor. Bland de största biståndsgivarna finns Kuwait, EU, Tyskland, Irland och Norge.

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The Guardian 18-10-04:

Libyen/ Libya is a war zone. Why is the EU still sending refugees back there? till sidans topp

Sally Hayden

Libya is treated as a 'safe' country, but in Tripoli refugees are starving and desperate - and the UN can't get to them

Some around the world are arguing that human rights are outdated, that national interest can justify the suppression of individual and collective rights," declared Federica Mogherini, the EU's foreign policy chief, last week at the UN general assembly. "We are here today to state the opposite ... Human rights are real."

As she said this, I was getting desperate WhatsApp messages from some of the thousands of refugees locked up indefinitely in detention centres in Tripoli, after being forced back to Libya under EU policy.

The same day, hundreds in the Abu Salim detention centre had been threatened by unknown men with guns, while a pregnant woman collapsed from sickness amid heavy rain. Since 26 August, Tripoli has experienced the worst fighting in years, as rival militias fight to take control of the city. As the UN-backed government declared a state of emergency and shells began to fall indiscriminately, refugees and migrants were abandoned or released on to the dangerous streets. Some resorted to drinking toilet water to survive. Others were stuck on front lines, shot at or abducted by suspected traffickers, or cowered together as bombs went off beside them.

Using a smartphone shared among hundreds of people, the first group contacted me to appeal for help after one man's brother found my number online. Since then, around 20 more migrants and refugees have got in touch, describing periods of up to five days without food, sending pictures of men with anti-aircraft missiles driving around outside, or photos showing a newborn baby, whose mother gave birth inside an open hall as the conflict raged on.

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Dagens Handel 18-10-17:

Norge/ Anställda anklagas för korruption och människohandel till sidans topp

Ska ha tagit emot mutor för att anställa flyktingar.

Den norska dagligvarukedjan Rema 1000 har själva anmält två av sina anställda till polisen efter att de tagit emot uppgifter om misstänkt korruption, det rapporterar radiostationen NRK.

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Vårt Europa blogg 18-10-01:

Grekland/ I av III: Grekland och människor på flykt - lägesrapport tidigt oktober 2018 till sidans topp

I tre delar sammanfattar texten det aktuella läget i Grekland som första land för människor på flykt: om EU:s planer för människor som söker skydd i unionen, om de svårt överbefolkade lägren på öarna med fokus på Samos och Lesvos, om grekisk och internationell kamp för att flyktingar och migranter ska föras vidare till fastlandet, om de som har nått och bor på fastlandet, om hoppet att resa vidare, om främlingsfientlighet såväl som antirasism och solidaritet med de som tvingas fly och om landets spända relation till Turkiet. Med mera.

Grekland i EU

Greklands läge i utkanten av EU i östra Medelhavet gör att det blir första EU-land för många människor på flykt. Första land innebär skyldigheter inom unionen om att försvara dess yttre gränser såväl som att ta hand om flyktingar och processa deras asylansökningar. Vid den stora folkvandringen 2015 in i EU passerade de flesta Grekland som första land. Då hölls gränserna öppna en tid innan det blev tvärtom och EU dessutom slöt ett avtal med Turkiet i mars 2016 om att hindra de irreguljära båtresorna till de grekiska öarna utanför Turkiet. Dessutom fastnade de nyanlända på fem öar i Egeiska havet. Flyktingar som nådde Grekland minskade till att vara ungefär lika många som 2014 och 2013. De har ökat något under 2018 beroende på läget i Afghanistan, Syrien, Irak och i Turkiet.

Observera att EU har en befolkning på 500 miljoner och unionen behöver invandrad arbetskraft. Några miljoner flyktingar och migranter borde inte skrämma.

Nu i början av oktober 2018 finns drygt 70 000 människor i Grekland, som har kommit som flyktingar sedan 2016 och som fortfarande finns kvar. I förhållande till sin folkmängd (knappt 11 miljoner) har Grekland många fler asylsökande än Sverige.

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Vårt Europa 18-10-02: II av III: Grekland och människor på flykt, tidigt oktober 2018 (Extern länk)

Vårt Europa 18-10-02: III av III: Grekland och människor på flykt, tidigt oktober 2018 (Extern länk)

Fler rapporter:

TT / UNT 18-10-04: Grekland/ Vintern sprider skräck i Lesbos flyktingläger (Extern länk)

Todor Gardos, Human Rights Watch 18-09-20: Misery Deepens for Trapped Asylum Seekers in Greece (Extern länk)

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Aftonbladet 18-10-12:

Grekland/ Larmet: Barn försöker ta sina liv i världens värsta flyktingläger till sidans topp

Barnläkaren: "Den yngsta var bara sex år"

Fatima, 3, lever med ett öppet sår i magen - i världens värsta flyktingläger.

Andra barn uppges försöka ta livet av sig inne i lägret.

- Det yngsta fallet var en pojke på bara sex år, säger barnläkaren Carola Buscemi.

De sålde alla sina ägodelar för att rädda livet på sitt yngsta barn.

Vandrade genom en öken, låg gömda i bilar, för att till sist färdas i gummibåt över öppet hav.

Tänkte: någonstans i den här världen måste det finnas hjälp.

Sedan en månad sitter Mohammed och Alina Husseini och deras tre barn fast i Morialägret på den grekiska ön Lesbos, som brukar kallas världens värsta flyktingläger.

Det är mitt på dagen och organisationen Läkare utan gränsers mobila klinik utanför Morialägret är fylld av barn.

Milda höstvindar för bort infektionslukten.

På en träbänk sitter Mohammed Husseini och hans fru Alina Husseini, båda 35 år. De kom hit tidigt i morse, ett par timmar före öppning, för att vara säkra på att doktorn ska hinna undersöka deras dotter Fatima, 3.

Det var för hennes skull som de lämnade tillvaron som afghanska migranter i Iran och lade sina liv i människosmugglarnas händer.

- Hon behöver opereras i magen, men det finns ingen hjälp att få för afghaner i Iran, säger Mohameed Husseini.

Han lyfter upp flickan i knät.

- Vi reste för att rädda hennes liv.

Fatima kan inte röra benen och saknar hörsel. Hon har ett blödande sår i magen, efter de misslyckade operationer mot det medfödda tarmfelet som tidigare gjorts.

Flickan är svart runt ögonen. Blicken är blank, den liksom flyter i väg.

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Aftonbladet 18-10-15: Barnen riskerar livet för att försöka fly från skräcklägret (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 180926:

Refugees Deeply 18-09-13:

Internationellt/ As the world abandons refugees, UNHCR's constraints are exposed till sidans topp

The U.N. refugee agency lacks the funding, political clout and independence to protect refugees in the way that it is supposed to, says former UNHCR official and refugee policy expert Jeff Crisp.

Over the past three years, the world has been confronted with a number of major new refugee emergencies - in Myanmar, Nigeria, South Sudan, Yemen and Venezuela, as well as the Central American region. In addition, existing crises in Afghanistan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Somalia and Syria have gone unresolved, making it impossible for large exiled populations to return to their own country. As a result, the global refugee population has soared to more than 25 million, the highest figure ever recorded.

This means that the role of the United Nations refugee agency, UNHCR, which is supposed to protect and find solutions for this growing population, is more important than ever. But is it up to the task? The proliferating crises have stretched it to the limit. Funding, most of which comes from a dozen key donor states, has not kept up with the rising numbers the agency is expected to support. In April, UNHCR said it had received just $2.3 billion of the $8.2 billion it needed for its annual program.

Things look unlikely to improve. UNHCR is losing the support of the United States, traditionally the organization's most important government partner, whether under Republican or Democrat administrations. Since Donald Trump's election, the country has slashed the number of refugees it admits through its resettlement program. In his final years in office, Barack Obama had raised the annual quota to 110,000 refugees. That is now down to 45,000 and may yet be reduced to 25,000.

(...)

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TT / UNT 18-09-20:

Nauru/ Läkare varnar om nödläge på ö-läger till sidans topp

Det råder ett "humanitärt nödläge" vid ett av de flyktingläger som Australien driver i Stilla havet. Det varnar en grupp läkare som ber regeringen om tillstånd att få ge människorna vård.

Enligt landets hårda migrationspolitik skickas asylsökande som tas fast när de försöker ta sig till Australien med båt till något av de läger landet driver i Papua Nya Guinea och Nauru.

Det är på den sistnämnda ön som läget är särskilt allvarligt, enligt läkargruppen.

(...)

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TT / UNT 18-09-20:

Australien/ Läkare varnar om nödläge på ö-läger till sidans topp

Det råder ett "humanitärt nödläge" vid ett av de flyktingläger som Australien driver i Stilla havet. Det varnar en grupp läkare som ber regeringen om tillstånd att få ge människorna vård.

Enligt landets hårda migrationspolitik skickas asylsökande som tas fast när de försöker ta sig till Australien med båt till något av de läger landet driver i Papua Nya Guinea och Nauru.

Det är på den sistnämnda ön som läget är särskilt allvarligt, enligt läkargruppen.

(...)

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Sveriges Radio Studio Ett 18-09-17:

Tyskland/ Nya asylmottagningar i Bayern väcker känslor till sidans topp

När den tyska delstaten Bayern går till val står flyktingpolitiken i fokus. De bayerska kristdemokraterna CSU ser sin maktdominans hotad av främlingsfientliga Alternativ för Tyskland.

På hemmaplan, i Bayern vill den CSU-ledda regeringen visa att man har god kontroll och bedriver en effektiv flyktingmottagning. Den första augusti infördes en ny form av mottagningscenter som lyfts fram som förebild för resten av landet.

Innanför grindarna på den gamla militärförläggningen i Zirndorf i Bayern, leker barn på gården. En bit bort står vuxna och håller utkik. Flera av dem har precis kommit till Tyskland, andra har varit här i flera månader.

35-åriga Fatima är på väg till tyskaundervisningen i en enkel träbarack. Hon har varit på mottagningen i en vecka och berättar att hon redan har registrerats och gjort hälsokontroll.

- Jag har varit här i en vecka, de har ordnat det väldigt bra. Allt har gått väldigt fort.

Den första augusti gjordes den tidigare asylmottagningen i Zirndorf om till ett så kallat Anker-center, som står för ankomst etablering och utvisning på tyska. Samtidigt öppnades sex andra sådana mottagningar i olika städer i Bayern.

Fatima tycker att allt har fungerat mycket bättre här än på den förra mottagningar hon var på. Här tar personalen hand om en och man får hjälp med allt från sjukhusbesök till kontakt med myndigheter, säger hon.

- Man behöver inte gå någonstans. Om man behöver åka in till sjukhuset så hämtar de en bil och kör en dit.

På Anker-centret finns alla myndigheter som asylsökande behöver komma i kontakt med. Syftet är att man ska vistas på samma ställe upp till 18 månader, från att ansökan lämnas in och fram till beslut. Ambitionen med det nya arbetssättet är att korta väntetiderna och underlätta utvisningar.

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Sveriges Radio Ekot 18-09-19:

Grekland/ Psykiatriker: Fasansfulla förhållanden i lägren på Lesbos till sidans topp

På den grekiska ön Lesbos fylls flyktinglägret Moria ständigt på med nya människor - över 9 000 trängs där nu.

Psykiatrikern Alessandro Barberio beskriver förhållandena som förfärliga.

- Förhållandena i lägret Moria är ovärdiga, omänskliga och förfärliga, säger psykiatrikern som just nu verkar för organisationen Läkare utan gränser.

- Människor kommer hit med trauman. De har varit utsatta för kroppslig tortyr, psykisk tortyr, sexuellt våld och många har tvingats att se sitt barn, förälder eller syskon bli dödat mitt framför ögonen.

- Men det är lägret Moria i sig med denna täta samlevnad av människor som leder till nya psykotiska patienter varje dag, säger Alessandro Barberio.

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Samos Chronicles kommentar 18-09-02:

Grekland/ Enough! Please no more reports telling us the bleeding obvious! till sidans topp

posted by christonysofiane

This week another damning report from UNHCR on the atrocious conditions and treatment of refugees on the Greek islands. A few days earlier another about Lesvos. My computer is full of reports about refugees in Greece and on Samos. There seems no end to the flow.

We have some simple questions to ask of all those organisations and individuals who write and research these reports.

Firstly, why do you bother?

From where we are on Samos I can tell you that not one report has made any difference to the lives and well being of refugees here. Of course over the past decade there have been changes but these have been influenced mainly by the refugee flows to the island. Every month is bad it is just that some are worse than others.

We now wait for the reports that will tell us again, as they do year in and year out that winter preparations are virtually non existent and refugees are once more going to face even more intolerable conditions due to the winter weather. Be assured nothing much will happen. Just like last year and all preceding years.

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Arkiveringsdatum 180831:

Sveriges Radio P1-morgon 18-08-22:

Ungern/ Asylsökande i Ungern nekas mat till sidans topp

I Ungern har det kommit rapporter om flera fall där asylsökande nekats mat i väntan på att deras asylskäl prövas.

Det är ett sätt att tvinga flyktingarna att lämna Ungern, menar Ungerska Helsingforskommittén, HHC, som dokumenterat de här fallen.

Hör Lydia Gall, researcher på Human Rights Watch, som är på plats i Ungern för att bevaka mänskliga rättigheter på det här området och Andrea Spehar, docent i statsvetenskap, Göteborgs universitet.

Lydia Gall, researcher på Human Rights Watch, menar att Ungern har funnit ett kryphål i lagen.

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TT-Reuters / UNT 18-08-23: Europadomstolen: Migranter i läger ska få mat (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 180819:

TT / UNT 18-08-11:

USA/ Över 500 barn väntar ännu på återförening till sidans topp

559 migrantbarn, som skiljts från sina föräldrar vid gränsen mellan USA och Mexiko, väntar fortfarande på att återförenas med sina familjer, enligt färska uppgifter.

365 av barnen, alla i åldrarna 5-17 år, har föräldrar som deporterats, rapporterar public servicekanalen NPR som tagit del av domstolsdokument. Myndigheterna uppger dock att de har kontaktuppgifter till samtliga familjer utom fem.

Men 140 av barnen har föräldrar som rödflaggats, det vill säga förekommer i ett brottsregister. Därmed anser myndigheterna att det omöjligt att återförena barnen med dem, skriver NPR. I 50 fall har barnets föräldrar släppts ur förvar i USA och därefter försvunnit.

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TT / Svenska Dagbladet 18-08-17:

Bangladesh/ Mordvåg sprider skräck i flyktingläger till sidans topp

En rad mord sprider skräck i lägren som befolkas av rohingyer på gränsen mellan Myanmar (Burma) och Bangladesh. Bara ett tusental poliser finns på plats för att skydda närmare en miljon flyktingar från våldsamma gäng.

Hittills har 21 människor mördats i vad polisen tror är en del av ett revirkrig mellan konkurrerande gäng.

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EUobserver 18-08-06:

Grekland/ Children losing out on education in EU migration deal till sidans topp

By Bill Van Esveld

"I get depressed here. I want to go to a good school to study," said a bright, 12-year-old girl from Afghanistan, who's been stuck for six months in the grim Moria refugee camp on the Greek island of Lesbos. "If we don't study we won't have a future and we won't become successful."

The European Commission's humanitarian agency agrees: "education is crucial" for girls and boys affected by crises, and is "one of the best tools to invest in their long-term future."

So one might expect that the European Union would demand to see educational results for its money in Greece, where by some counts it has spent over $14,000 [€12,100] in aid for every migrant and asylum seeker.

One would be wrong, especially when it comes to asylum-seeking and migrant children stuck on the Aegean islands.

The importance of children having an education seems to have been trumped by a Greek government policy, backed by the EU, of keeping most asylum seekers who arrive by sea from Turkey confined to the islands until their asylum claims are adjudicated, rather than transferring them to the mainland where services are better.

Human Rights Watch research has found that on the Aegean islands, where at any given time there are more than 3,000 school-age asylum-seeking children, fewer than 400 are in school.

In Syria, which many of the refugees are fleeing, net primary school enrollment was 63 percent in 2013 (the latest available figures), two years after the war erupted.

Greece has opened pre-school classes for some children in the government-run camps on the islands. But the other children in those camps - unlike children in camps on the mainland - have no access to formal education.

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EASO Newsletter July 2018:

Italien/ EASO team in Questura di Cagliari till sidans topp

"It is fair to say that every case we hear strikes our attention and our sensibility. To be confronted with people of this background, listening to their stories, observing the strength and the perseverance they have in facing life and changes, makes us realise the extreme importance of what we are doing". This is how the members of EASO team deployed in Questura di Cagliari, Sardinia, summarize their role and mission.

Made up of one expert coming from the United Kingdom, two caseworkers and two cultural mediators covering Bengali, Urdu, Hindi, Arabic, English and French, the team provides support in processing any backlog as well as new requests for international protection which are lodged.

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Sveriges Radio Studio Ett 18-08-06:

Spanien/ Migranternas vanligaste väg: Marocko till Spanien till sidans topp

Spanien och EU förhandlar med Marocko för att få bättre kontroll på landets gränser.

Samtidigt är situationen svår för de migranter som kommer till de spanska kuststäderna.

Hör reportage av Karin Hållsten.

- Vi har inget att äta, inget vatten, vi är sjuka, säger en kvinna i hamnen i Algeciras i södra Spanien. Inte den delen av hamnen där de stora lastfartygen lägger till. Inte heller den del där turistfärjorna till Marocko går. Utan hamnen för fritidsbåtar. Tittar jag ut över havet ser jag Gibraltarklippan några kilometer bort. Men det är varken den eller sportbåtarna som har min uppmärksamhet.

- Jag är för hungrig för att prata, jag vill bara härifrån, säger en man.

De är migranter som kommit hit från Marocko. Nu är de inlåsta på en pir i väntan på att polisen ska identifiera och registrera dem. Tre av sjöräddningens båtar fungerar som bostad men det är 140 migranter och alla får inte plats. Här har de väntat i fyra dagar utan el och utan toaletter.

- Ni måste ha tålamod, säger José Àngel Cadelo, han jobbar egentligen på turistkontoret i Algeciras men är också engagerad i en lokal hjälporganisation som heter Sociedad Mediterrànea. I en påse har han mobiltelefoner som han har tagit med hem och laddat, han ger tillbaka dem till händer som sträcks fram, och samlar in nya vars batterier dött.

- Om du själv inte ser verkligheten på nära håll kommer du aldrig kunna förstå hur svårt det är att leva utan kläder, utan toalett, utan dusch, utan mat, säger José Àngel Cadelo.

Migranterna här kommer från afrikanska länder söder om Sahara, Guinea, Mali, Elfenbenskusten. Många ligger på marken eller sitter med huvudet i händerna.

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 180804:

EU Migration Law Blog 18-07-24:

Libanon/ The fragile legal order facing Syrian refugees in Lebanon till sidans topp

by Maja Janmyr, Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Oslo

On 24th and 25th April, the European Union and the United Nations co-chaired the Second Brussels Conference, where a total of $4.4 billion was pledged in humanitarian support to Syria and neighboring refugee-hosting countries. While these funding commitments were nearly $5 billion short of what is needed to fund the humanitarian response, conditions on the ground demonstrate how far more than humanitarian aid is needed for any real and positive change to happen in the lives of Syrian refugees.

In Lebanon, a country with the highest per capita number of refugees in the world, the situation can be seen as particularly dire. At the Brussels conference, Lebanon made important commitments to refugee rights, but at home, political debates are raging surrounding the mass return of the same persons. But who is designated as a refugee in the first place? And who is really targeted for return? Research shows how these questions are far more complex than they may seem at first glance.

Take, for example, the 2017 Lebanon Crisis Response Plan (LCRP), jointly drafted by the Lebanese government and the UN in order to address refugee protection and assistance needs. It accurately conveys the tension that Lebanon long has had with the international refugee regime. Specifically, the preamble of the LCRP establishes that:

The UN characterizes the flight of civilians from Syria as a refugee movement, and considers that these Syrians are seeking international protection and are likely to meet the refugee definition. The Government of Lebanon considers that it is being subject to a situation of mass influx. It refers to individuals who fled from Syria into its territory after March 2011 as temporarily displaced individuals, and reserves its sovereign right to determine their status according to Lebanese laws and regulations.

(...)

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The Conversation 18-07-30: Stuck in Lebanon: a Syrian refugee family's life in limbo (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 180718:

Refugees Deeply 18-06-12:

Zambia/ What's behind Zambia's growing welcome to refugees till sidans topp

Nicholas Maple

Bucking global trends, Zambia has adopted more refugee-friendly policies amid a rising number of arrivals. Based on his research in Zambia, Nicholas Maple explains the authoritarian politics behind the progressive shift and the implications for advocates.

THE NUMBER OF REFUGEES IN ZAMBIA - now about 60,000 - is growing daily due to internal conflict in the neighboring Democratic Republic of Congo. In today's political climate, one might expect this to trigger a hostile government response, yet the opposite appears to be happening.

The Zambian government has grown more willing to grant freedom of movement to refugees, given residency rights to former refugees from Angola and Rwanda and committed to a new form of settlement for newly arrived refugees from DRC. It is a stark contrast to the global trend of reducing refugee protection, evident in Europe, Australia and even Zambia's neighbor, South Africa. And it's a change for Zambia itself.

An Increasingly Refugee-Friendly Country

While Zambia has generally remained open and hospitable to refugees, until recently it required them to remain in camps or settlements. Up until 2017, the reception of refugees was governed by the 1971 Control Act; as the name suggests, the concern was control of refugees. Though Zambia is a signatory to the 1951 Refugee Convention, it did not adopt most of its refugee-rights provisions into national laws.

(...)

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TT-AFP / UNT 18-07-05:

USA/ USA dna-testar barn inför återförening till sidans topp

Uppemot 3 000 barn som separerats från sina föräldrar av amerikansk gränspolis ska dna-testas innan de kan återförenas med sin familj.

Testerna görs för att "bekräfta föräldraskap snabbt och säkert", säger USA:s hälsominister Alex Azar.

(...)

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The Conversation 18-06-15:

Mexiko/ Mexico seeks to become 'country of refuge' as US cracks down on migrants till sidans topp

Mexico is often considered a transit country for migrants. It's the territory Central Americans must cross to get to the United States.

But many generations of migrants have made Mexico their home. From 1930s-era Spanish Civil War exiles and Jewish WWII refugees to South Americans escaping military dictatorships throughout the 20th century, Mexico has welcomed successive waves of immigrants.

In 1948, during the drafting of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights - the founding document of the international human rights system - Mexican delegate Pablo Campos Ortiz advocated for a "very broad conception" of asylum. Seconding a Lebanese proposal, Campos Ortiz said the world should recognize "not only the right of seeking asylum but also the right to be granted asylum."

Asylum rights

Mexico and Lebanon lost that debate.

The 1951 Convention for Refugees and subsequent agreements require that signatory countries offer asylum to migrants who can prove they have a "credible fear" of certain kinds of persecution. As demonstrated by U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions' recent exclusion of domestic abuse as grounds for asylum, they are not obliged to accept all applications.

Mexico provides an exception to that rule - in law, if not in practice. It took almost 60 years, but in August 2016, a Campos Ortiz-inspired amendment to the Mexican Constitution recognized migrants' right to seek and be granted asylum. The amendment proposal called Mexico a "country of refuge."

The next year, Mexico City approved a local constitution declaring itself a sanctuary city where authorities will "prevent, investigate, sanction and offer reparations for human rights violations."

(...)

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Thomson Reuters 18-06-30:

Algeriet/ African migrants report torture, slavery in Algeria till sidans topp

Dozens of Africans say they were sold for labour and trapped in slavery in Algeria in what aid agencies fear may be a widening trend of abusing migrants headed for a new life in Europe.

Algerian authorities could not be reached for comment and several experts cast doubt on claims that such abuses are widespread in the north African country.

The tightly governed state has become a popular gateway to the Mediterranean since it became tougher to pass through Libya, where slavery, rape and torture are rife.

Amid a surge in anti-migrant sentiment, Algeria since late last year has sent thousands of migrants back over its southern border into Niger, according to the United Nations Migration Agency (IOM), where many tell stories of exploitation.

The scale of abuse is not known, but an IOM survey of thousands of migrants suggested it could rival Libya.

The Thomson Reuters Foundation heard detailed accounts of forced labour and slavery from an international charity and a local association in Agadez, Niger's main migrant transit hub, and interviewed two of the victims by telephone.

"The first time they sold me for 100,000 CFA francs ($170)," said Ousmane Bah, a 21-year-old from Guinea who said he was sold twice in Algeria by unknown captors and worked in construction.

"They took our passports. They hit us. We didn't eat. We didn't drink," he told the Thomson Reuters Foundation. "I was a slave for six months."

Accounts of abuse are similar, said Abdoulaye Maizoumbou, a project coordinator for global charity Catholic Relief Services. Of about 30 migrants he met who were deported from Algeria, about 20 said they had been enslaved, he said.

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Arkiveringsdatum 180702:

SvT Utrikes 18-06-27:

USA/ Polischefer säger ifrån om migrantfamiljer till sidans topp

Amerikanska polischefer, både demokrater och republikaner, går emot den policy som president Donald Trump införde som innebär att migrantfamiljer med barn placeras i förvar.

Det är totalt 48 polischefer som i ett gemensamt brev uppmanar politiker att ta fram alternativa lösningar för barnens skull.

(...)

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SvT Utrikes 18-06-27: Hundratals protesterade mot splittringen av migrantfamiljer i USA (Extern länk)

SvT Utrikes 18-06-26: Delstater stämmer Vita huset för familjesplittring (Extern länk)

Senator i Sveriges Radio Ekot 18-06-25: "Det är inte vad vårt land står för" (Extern länk)

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Human Rights Watch 18-06-25:

USA/ Why families flee Central America to the United States till sidans topp

Gangs threaten children, parents

Zama Neff, Executive Director, Children's Rights Division

Maria* and Carlos* never wanted to leave Honduras with their three children, they told me. But then gangs began threatening Carlos and their 13-year-old son Eddy*. The family moved houses, but one evening masked men came to their little shop. "They pulled out a pistol," Carlos told me, and said, "'Open up or we'll kill you.'" After that, "They took everything. They only left the refrigerator and the freezer. And they said if you go to the police, it will be the end of you. You will have no family, nothing. You know who you're dealing with." The men gave them 24 hours to get out.

Maria and Carlos are among the dozens of Honduran and Salvadoran parents and children my colleague Mike Bochenek and I interviewed on the Mexico-Guatemala border in March. Their stories followed common themes: boys threatened to join gangs, girls facing rape by gang members, parents extorted and killed.

(...)

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Sveriges Radio Ekot 18-07-01:

Turkiet/ Missnöjet mot syrier i Turkiet växer till sidans topp

I Turkiet bor och arbetar i dag flera miljoner syrier. Men missnöjet i Turkiet har vuxit, och nu höjs röster för att skicka hem de syriska flyktingarna.

- Normalt får en turkisk kock 150 lira per dag, men en syrier kan jobba för bara en tredjedel per dag, säger Mustafa Yilmaz, som är arbetslös.

Syrierna dumpar lönerna, och tar jobb från turkarna, säger han, medan han visar bilder på sin telefon från tiden han arbetade som kock.

Turkiet är det land som tagit emot flest syriska flyktingar, runt 3,5 miljon uppskattas bo i landet i dag. I Istanbul är det runt en halv miljon.

Med tiden har missnöjet med situationen vuxit. Många säger att det är dags för syrierna att åka hem, men president Erdogan har hittills haft en mjukare inställning till flyktingarna från grannlandet.

(...)

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Sveriges Radio 18-06-25:

Thailand/ Flyktingbarn skiljs från föräldrarna i Thailand till sidans topp

I Thailand skiljs pojkar från föräldrarna från att de är åtta år och sätts i förvar tillsammans med vuxna.

En mycket dålig miljö för barn, säger Ratirose Supaporn på thailändska Rädda Barnen.

- Pojkar som lever i celler med främmande män, det är dålig hygien och det kan vara upp till hundra män i en cell anpassad för tio.

I en film från Rädda Barnen berättar ett par av dem om hur det är.

- Jag var hotad och rädd.

- Det var otäckt att vara från mamma och pappa. Det hade jag inte varit förut.

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 180625:

TT / SvD 18-06-17:

Australien/ Fler flyktingar flygs från australiskt läger till sidans topp

Ytterligare 21 människor har fått lämna ett starkt kritiserat australiskt flyktingläger i önationen Nauru och flugits till USA, uppger en aktivistgrupp för den australiska nyhetsbyrån AAP.

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EU Migration Law Blog 18-06-22:

Grekland/ EU Hotspots and restriction of asylum seekers' freedom till sidans topp

Catharina Ziebritzki, Max Planck Institute and Robert Nestler, Refugee law clinics

The judgement of the Greek Council of State of 17th April 2018: Assessing the illegality of the geographical restriction

Under the EU Hotspot Approach as originally implemented in the Eastern Aegean islands as from the entry into force of the EU Turkey Statement, hotspots were designed as detention centers. The initially applied detention scheme was later replaced by the so-called geographical restriction limiting asylum seekers' freedom of movement to the respective island. On 17th April 2018, the Greek Council of State annulled the administrative decision imposing this geographical restriction. On 20th April already, a new decision of the Greek Asylum Service reinstated the geographical restriction. In parallel, a new bill that transposes the Recast Reception Conditions Directive into the Greek legislation was adopted on 15th May 2018 with the aim, among other issues, to justify the imposition of the geographical restriction.

What are the implications of these developments for the EU Hotspot Approach and for the EU-Turkey Statement? Why is the restriction of asylum seekers' freedom of movement a central issue when it comes to the implementation of the return policy foreseen by the EU-Turkey Statement?

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Dagens Nyheter 18-06-19:

USA/ Vad händer med barnen vid mexikanska gränsen? till sidans topp

Barnen som separeras från sina föräldrar vid gränsen mellan USA och Mexiko får tillbringa flera dygn i burar med cementgolv. Det finns inga säkra rutiner för hur återföreningen mellan barn och föräldrar ska ske. DN reder ut vad det är som händer vid gränsen.

Varför skiljs barn från sina föräldrar vid gränsen mellan USA och Mexiko?

I april stramade USA:s justitieminister Jeff Sessions åt USA:s migrationspolitik och införde "nolltolerans" vid USA:s södra gräns. Fram till dess hade personer som gripits efter att olagligt tagit sig över USA:s gräns släppts fria i väntan på domstolsbeslut.

Nu utsätts alla som kommer olagligt till USA, även asylsökande, för rättslig prövning. I väntan på att detta ska ske placeras de vuxna i fängsligt förvar, vilket inte är tillåtet för barn.

Vad händer med barnen?

Barnen skiljs från sina föräldrar i gränspolisens anläggningar. Barnen behandlas som ensamkommande och kan få vänta i upp till tre dygn i burar med cementgolv. Journalister som besökt dessa anläggningar berättar om vidriga förhållanden och barn som gråter och skriker efter sina föräldrar.

Vart skickas barnen?

(...)

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SvT 18-06-20:

USA/ Bild på gråtande flicka ses som symbol för USA:s migrationspolitik till sidans topp

Bilden på en gråtande tvåårig flicka från Honduras som tillsammans med sin mamma stoppats vid Texas har skapat starka reaktioner i USA. "Pappa", säger flickan.

Bilden på flickan, som sprids över hela världen, har blivit en symbol för krisen i spåren av den amerikanska migrationspolitiken.

Flickan hade tillsammans med sin mamma tagit sig från Honduras, via Rio Grande i Mexico, till delstaten Texas. En resa som tagit en månad.

(...)

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SvT Utrikes 18-06-16: Stormig debatt kring USA:s inlåsta migrantbarn (Extern länk)

SvT Utrikes 18-06-16: Trump avfärdar kompromiss om migranter (Extern länk)

http://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2018/06/usa-family-separation-torture/ (Extern länk)

Amnesty International 18-06-18: Policy of separating children from parents is nothing short of torture

UNHCR 18-06-18: UNHCR urges family unity at southern US border (Extern länk)

SvT Utrikes 18-06-18: Trump: USA kommer inte att bli ett migrantläger (Extern länk)

SvT Utrikes 18-06-18: Melania Trump om inlåsta migrantbarn: "Hatar att se barn skiljas från sina föräldrar" (Extern länk)

TT / SvD 18-06-19: Trump inför ödesmöte: Vi måste föra bort barn (Extern länk)

Metro 18-06-19: Barn skiljs från sina föräldrar vid USA:s gräns - det här är bakgrunden (Extern länk)

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SvT Utrikes 18-06-20:

USA/ Därför skiljs barn från sina föräldrar vid mexikanska gränsen till sidans topp

Över 2 000 barn har separerats från sina föräldrar vid gränsen mellan USA och Mexiko och hålls inlåsta. USA:s "nolltolerans mot illegal invandring" väcker debatt - och tvingar president Trump att agera. SVT Nyheter reder ut vad det handlar om.

+ I april stramade USA åt sin migrationspolitik och införde "nolltolerans mot illegal invandring". Innan dess har människor som gripits efter att olagligt ha tagits sig över gränsen till USA släppts fria i väntan på domstolsbeslut.

+ Nolltoleransen innebär att de som passerar gränsen olagligt ska gripas och ställas inför rätta, vilket får följden att medföljande barn placeras i förvar på annat håll då de inte kan hållas i fängelse.

+ Nära 2000 barn har skiljts från sina anhöriga under april och maj, enligt AP. Många av dem hålls nu inlåsta i en butiksanläggning som gjorts om till förläggning i Texas. De yngsta barnen uppges vara bara 18 månader gamla.

(...)

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Sveriges Radio 18-06-20: Över 2 000 barn har satts i förvar (Extern länk)

AP / Svenska Dagbladet 18-06-20: Kaos - ingen vet vilka barn och föräldrar som hör ihop (Extern länk)

SvT Utrikes 18-06-20: Ljudupptagning av gråtande barn upprör i migrationsstrid (Extern länk)

Expressen 18-06-20: Donald Trump ändrar sig - ska stoppa familjeseparationerna (Extern länk)

SvT Utrikes 18-06-21: Trump manar på invandringslagar - stödjer båda lagförslagen (Extern länk)

SvT Utrikes 18-06-21: Familjer ska inte längre splittras - men många frågor kvarstår (Extern länk)

SvT Utrikes 18-06-21: Striden om familjeseparationer flyttas till kongressen (Extern länk)

SvT Utrikes 18-06-21: Anklagelser om övergrepp på förvar för unga migranter i Virginia (Extern länk)

SvT Utrikes 18-06-22: Källa: "Hundratals familjer har återförenats" (Extern länk)

SvT Utrikes 18-06-22: Amerikansk gränsvakt: Viralt foto på gråtande flicka vilseledande (Extern länk)

SvT Utrikes 18-06-22: ANALYS: Trump har ändrat sig 13 gånger om barnen - på en vecka (Extern länk)

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SvT Utrikes 18-06-21:

USA/ Anklagelser om övergrepp på förvar för unga migranter i Virginia till sidans topp

Tonåriga migranter hävdar att de utsatts för allvarliga fysiska övergrepp på ett förvar för unga i den amerikanska delstaten Virginia. De ska ha misshandlats, klätts av nakna och hållits isolerade under långa perioder.

Nu har guvernören beordrat en utredning.

I april stramade USA åt sin migrationspolitik och införde "nolltolerans mot illegal invandring", vilket innebar att de som passerade gränsen olagligt greps och ställdes inför rätta. Sedan dess har över 2 000 medföljande barn till migranter placerats i förvar på separat håll.

Efter massiv kritik skrev USA:s president Donald Trump på onsdagskvällen under en presidentorder för att stoppa barnen från att separeras från sina föräldrar. Justitiedepartementet har nu bett en federal domare att ändra reglerna, uppger AP.

(...)

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SvT Utrikes 18-06-23:

USA/ Flottan redo för "tältstäder" i södra USA till sidans topp

USA:s försvar tittar på möjligheterna att inhysa tiotusentals migranter som kommit över gränsen från Mexiko. Bedömningen är att det skulle gå att ha sammanlagt långt över 100 000 gripna i tillfälliga boenden på militärbaser i Alabama, Arizona och Kalifornien, rapporterar Time.

Planerna dras upp i ett dokument från flottan som tidskriften Time kommit över. De beskrivs som preliminära, ett sätt för militären att vara redo om förfrågningar kommer från civila myndigheter.

- I nuläget finns det ingen begäran från (säkerhetsdepartementet) DHS till försvarsdepartementet för inhysning av illegala migranter, säger Jamie Davis, talesman för försvarshögkvarteret Pentagon, enligt nyhetsbyrån AFP.

Men han bekräftar att man planerar för att det kan komma en sådan.

25 000 per "tältstad"

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 180614:

TT-Reuters / UNT 18-06-08:

Libanon/ Libanon vill stänga dörren för UNHCR till sidans topp

FN:s flyktingorgan UNHCR sprider skräck bland syriska flyktingar i Libanon så att de inte vågar återvända hem. Det anser Libanons utrikesminister Gebran Bassil och har beordrat ett stopp för uppehållstillstånd för UNHCR:s personal.

Han hävdar att UNHCR avskräckt flyktingar från att återvända genom att ställa frågor om vad som väntar dem i Syrien, som handlat om bland annat säkerhetsproblem och dåliga bostäder.

(...)

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UNHCR 18-06-12: Spokesperson's comment on Lebanon (Extern länk)

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Sveriges Radio Ekot 18-06-09:

Bangladesh/ Flyktingar från Myanmar kan inte återvända på många år till sidans topp

Rohingyerna som flytt från Myanmar till Bangladesh ser inte ut att kunna återvända på många år. Flyktinglägren i Bangladesh permanentas därför nu alltmer.

Det pågår ett hektiskt byggande av nya vägar, broar och hus i södra Bangladesh, där en miljon rohingya hålls inom ett område.

Bangladesh regering ser rohingyerna som tillfälliga i landet och behåller all kontroll över uppbyggnaden.

Männen bär hinkar med cement och häller den mellan betongringar. De förbereder latriner för hundratusentals flyktingar här omkring. Det är tungt. Det är hett. De är svettiga i sina linnen och de jobbar barfota.

Är de rohingyer?

(...)

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Sveriges Radio P1 morgon 18-06-08: En stad tar form i rohingyernas läger (Extern länk)

Sveriges Radio Ekot 18-06-11: Många rohingya-barn får ingen utbildning (Extern länk)

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ECRE News 18-06-08:

Östeuropa/ Officials push for information on arrivals at Western Balkan meeting till sidans topp

Representatives of countries along the Balkan route (Greece, Albania, FYROM, Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Slovenia, Hungary, Austria) committed to closer cooperation and information exchange on migrants arriving on their territory, during a meeting held on 7 June 2018 in Sarajevo. Such exchange would seek to establish whether the persons apprehended in the region have previously stayed in European countries, according to a statement by the Bosnian Minister for Security, Dragan Mekti?.

(...)

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NTB / Klassekampen 18-06-06:

Norge/ FNs barnekomite bekymret for Norges behandling av asylbarn till sidans topp

Norge får igjen kritikk fra FNs barnekomité som er bekymret for barns levevilkår i asylmottak, retur til utrygge områder og barn som forsvinner fra asylmottak.

Norge får igjen kritikk fra FNs barnekomité som er bekymret for barns levevilkår i asylmottak, retur til utrygge områder og barn som forsvinner fra asylmottak.

- Jeg er veldig glad for at komiteen kommer med flere klare anbefalinger knyttet til barn med fluktbakgrunn. Dette er en av gruppene med barn i Norge som er mest utsatt, sier barneombud Anne Lindboe.

(...)

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ECRE News 18-06-08:

Grekland/ Refuge from the hotspots: asylum seekers required to return to Moria till sidans topp

Following an intense conflict at the Moria hotspot, on Lesvos, Greece on 25 May 2018, which left at least 70 people injured, a group of nearly 1,000 people, including families with young children, fled the violence and sought protection in other areas of Lesbos. This led to other facilities being overcrowded despite the efforts of civil society organisations and residents. Around 600 people went to a makeshift camp in the Larsos area, while another 300 were taken to the former PIKPA children's camps.

Those who fled the violence at the Moria hotspot, which is hosting numbers three times its capacity, have been told that they will lose their food and financial allowances as well as their appointments with the asylum service if they do not return to the hotspot.

(...)

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#OPENTHEISLANDS 18-06-08: Persecuted Kurdish People in Lesvos Release Statement to Authorities. (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 180605:

The Guardian 18-05-17:

USA/ Why are for-profit US prisons subjecting detainees to forced labor? till sidans topp

Azadeh Shahshahani

Private prisons have for years enriched themselves by exploiting detained immigrant labor. They must be held accountable

n 2017, officials at the Stewart immigration detention center in Georgia placed Shoaib Ahmed, a 24-year-old immigrant from Bangladesh, in solitary confinement for encouraging fellow workers to stop working.

Ahmed, who was paid 50 cents per hour to work within the facility, was upset because his $20 paycheck was delayed. His punishment was solitary confinement for 10 days, where he was subject to deplorable conditions - a cell with no access to other workers, only an hour of out of cell time per day and showers only three times per week. Detailing the impact that severe isolation has had on his mental health, Ahmed said: "I think the segregation will kill me."

(...)

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NBC 18-05-22:

USA/ Anguish at Southwest border as immigrant children are separated from parents till sidans topp

"Wouldn't you feel anguish if they took your kids? I'd be going crazy. It's inhumane," said a public defender in McAllen, Texas.

Facing dozens of migrants shackled at their waist and ankles, public defender Miguel "Andy" Nogueras asked a question he had rarely asked before last week: Have you been separated from your children?

Last Thursday, a Central American woman was among several in the courthouse here who said yes.

Nogueras asked how old her child is so that he could refer her to one of his attorneys, and the answer haunted him for the rest of the day.

"Five years old," Nogueras told NBC News. "What kind of scars are we creating? The child has to be asking, where's my mom? And that kid has to be scared. I can't even fathom."

Earlier this month, Attorney General Jeff Sessions announced a goal to criminally prosecute 100 percent of people crossing the border illegally - including families with children. Those who are charged with improper entry - a misdemeanor on the first infraction - are jailed and separated from their children. Previously, most parents had been allowed to remain with their children in family shelters while awaiting asylum cases or deportation proceedings.

The Trump administration's willingness to take children from their parents has raised concerns about how far authorities should go to stem unauthorized border crossings and what human cost is acceptable in the name of border security and immigration control.

"There is something terrible happening here that Americans would not support if they understood it," said F. Scott McCown, director of the Children's Rights Clinic at the University of Texas at Austin School of Law.

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The EastAfrican 18-05-24:

Kenya/ Kenya must protect Ethiopian refugees in Moyale who fled military attacks till sidans topp

By Victor Nyamori, Amnesty International

Ayantu, a 53-year-old mother of seven, had just finished preparing lunch for her children when military personnel surrounded her village.

They pulled everyone out of their homes and asked them to reveal members of shiftas - the informal name for members of the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF), an opposition group outlawed in Ethiopia.

For residents of Argale, an Oromo village in Ethiopia's Moyale District, this kind of terrifying harassment had become normal. But this time it was different.

Just four days earlier, on March 10, 2018, nine people had been "mistakenly" shot dead - and 15 others injured - by military officers in the nearby Shawa Bare village. These attacks prompted the Oromo people in Tuka, Argale, Madiambo and Chamuq villages to flee into Kenya by the thousands.

For Ayantu and others, such attacks have been the order of the day for the last 20 years. Mid last year, she watched as military officers shot dead her uncle for challenging their attacks and harassment at a village meeting. And in January, her husband was arrested, alongside three other men. She has no idea what happened to him, or where he is now.

For Godana, a 52-year-old man from Tuka village, the scars from his encounter with the military are etched deep within his soul, and on his body. His abdomen and back have burn marks from attacks suffered, also for speaking up against the military harassment.

"The military officers dug a hole in the ground, tied my hands and placed me in it, leaving me in the scorching sun for a whole day," he recounted painfully. His wife was kicked by the soldiers as she tried to prevent them from arresting him, resulting in the loss of a pregnancy.

Repatriation

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TT / Svenska Dagbladet 18-05-30:

Frankrike/ Paris river migrantläger med tusentals boende till sidans topp

Polisen i Frankrike har utrymt ett migrantläger med omkring 1 500 boende i de norra delarna av Paris, skriver Le Monde. Tidningen rapporterar att invånarna lämnade sina tält och ställde sig i en avgränsad del av lägret med sina väskor i händerna, och att evakueringen gick lugnt till. Även flyktingorganisationer fanns på plats.

Lägret som kallats för Millénaire, franska för "årtusendet", hyste flyktingar och migranter från huvudsakligen Sudan, Somalia och Eritrea.

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Bilder: Här rivs 1 500 migranters hem i Paris (Extern länk)

Annette Rosengren i blogg Vårt Europa 18-05-27: Vi måste vänja oss vid den här situationen - Röster från Paris ... del 1 (Extern länk)

Vårt Europa blogg 18-05-27: Vi måste vänja oss vid den här situationen - Röster från Paris... del 2 (Extern länk)

ECRE 18-06-08: Government continues to clear migrant camps in Paris (Extern länk)

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The Guardian 18-05-21:

Tyskland/ Germany to roll out mass holding centres for asylum seekers till sidans topp

'Anchor' camps will undermine country's reputation for being welcoming, say critics

Mass holding centres that Germany's interior ministry wants to roll out across the country will stoke social tension between locals and migrants and undermine the welcoming image the country has gained in the eyes of the world, aid organisations have said.

So-called anchor centres - an acronym for arrival, decision, return - are designed to speed up deportations of unsuccessful asylum seekers, by containing large groups of people and the authorities who rule on their claims inside the same holding facility.

Until now, Germany's policy has been to embed new arrivals in communities across the country. But Angela Merkel's government is seeking to reverse its strategy, as a populist backlash builds against the chancellor's handling of the refugee crisis.

"We all know how difficult it is to deport people without protected status after they have been spread out across the country and put down roots in our cities and communities," the interior minister, Horst Seehofer, told the German parliament last week.

"In the future the end of an asylum application will coincide with the start of the deportation procedure," said the leader of the CSU and former Bavarian state premier, adding that he wanted to see states set up the new centres this autumn.

But the transit centre in Seehofer's home state that is meant to work as a prototype for the scheme has experienced high crime rates, mass protests and rising tensions between asylum seekers and security forces, the Guardian found during a visit to the Max-Immelmann barracks in Manching.

The converted army compound is part of a complex outside Ingolstadt, Upper Bavaria, that holds about 1,100 people, mainly from the west Balkans, Ukraine, Nigeria and Afghanistan.

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Arkiveringsdatum 180528:

SvT Utrikes 18-05-23:

Bangladesh/ De letar efter gravida våldtäktsoffer i världens största flyktingläger till sidans topp

Efter det våld och förföljelse som drabbade rohingyafolket flydde många av dem till Bangladesh och hamnade i Kutupalonglägret i Ukhia,världens största flyktingläger. Tusentals kvinnor beräknas göra riskfyllda förlossningar i de orena tälten då de varit blivit utsatta för våldtäkt.

Sexuellt våld blev en del av de hemskheter som rohingyafolket drabbades av. I det stora Kutupalonglägret beräknas tusentals kvinnor bära på barn, men de döljer det.

Förlossningar i det dolda

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Sveriges Radio Ekot 18-05-19:

Tyskland/ Felaktiga asylbesked i Tyskland pressar minister till sidans topp

Tysklands inrikesminister har hamnat i blåsväder sedan omfattande fusk med asylbesked har avslöjats vid migrationsmyndighetens kontor i Bremen. Horst Seehofer, som länge hörde till Angela Merkels hårdaste kritiker i flyktingsammanhang blir nu själv beskylld för att inte kunna hantera frågan som han har fått ansvar för i regeringen.

- För mig vore en utredningskommission inget hot. Det är inrikesministerns kommentar på kritiken mot honom och kraven på en parlamentarisk utredning av händelserna i Bremen.

På migrationsmyndighetens Bremen-kontor ska minst 1.200 personer under tre års tid ha beviljats asyl utan att ha rätt till det. Åklagare utreder brottsmisstankar om en organiserad verksamhet, i samarbete mellan kontorschefen och jurister.

Efter en första intern granskning meddelade högsta chefen för migrationsmyndigheten i fredags att alla positiva asylbesked som fattats på det lokala kontoret sedan år 2000 ska granskas på nytt. Det handlar om 18 000 ärenden.

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Källor: Informationen på denna sida är hämtad från följande källor (externa länkar): EU (kommissionen, ministerrådet, parlamentet och domstolen), Europarådet (mr-kommissionären, domstolen, kommittén mot tortyr), FN:s flyktingkommissariat UNHCR, FN:s kommitté mot tortyr m.fl. FN-organ, svenska media via Eniro och pressmeddelanden via Newsdesk, utländska media främst via I Care och IRR, internationella organisationer som Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, ECRE, ENAR, Statewatch, Noborder och Picum, organisationer i Sverige som Rädda Barnen, Röda Korset, Svenska Amnesty, FARR, Rosengrenska och InfoTorg Juridik (betaltjänst) samt myndigheter och politiska organ som Migrationsverket, Sveriges domstolar, JO, Justitiedepartementet m.fl. departement och Sveriges Riksdag.

Bevakning: Josefin Åström, Hjalte Lagercrantz, Karin Nilsson Kelly, Sanna Vestin. Sammanställning: Sanna Vestin. Asylnytt är ett ideellt projekt.