fåglar flyger

ASYLNYTT

Aktuellt nyhetsbrev

Fridh advokatbyrå

Sponsrad av Fridh Advokatbyrå

ARKIV:

Nya regler och lagförslag

Flyktinggrupper, landpraxis

Gränser: passage och hinder

Mottagande av asylsökande

Asylutredning och procedur

Skäl för och emot tillstånd

Tvång, hot och deportationer

Papperslösa, gömda, utvisade

Stöd och solidaritet

EU:s flykting- och gränspolitik

Allmänt om migration, statistik

Integration och uppföljning

Debatt och partipolitik

Kultur, personer, diverse

Flyktinggruppernas Riksråd, FARR

menybox Asylnytt startsida Praxisnotiser Kalender FARR:s hemsida

Asylnytt - Arkiv

EU:s flykting- och gränspolitik

Gemensamma regler för asylprocedur

Information från myndigheter och organisationer

Länk till pressklipp


Arkivet har startat om och saknar material från perioden 180119 - 180513

Arkiveringsdatum 190503:

Statewatch 19-04-30:

Deadlock as "frontline" Member States oppose mandatory "border procedures" till sidans topp

Council discussions on controversial proposals for dealing with asylum applications at the external borders of the EU hit a wall recently, with "a large majority" of Member States who favour tougher measures facing opposition from those on the "frontline". Member States' diplomatic representatives were called upon to try to reach a resolution, but the Council is remaining tight-lipped on the outcome of those discussions.

Border procedures for asylum claims

The Asylum Procedures Regulation was proposed by the Commission almost three years ago and, like the Asylum Procedures Directive it is supposed to replace, contains provisions allowing for a "border procedure".

That procedure is set out in Article 41 of the proposed text and would allow authorities to take a decision concerning the admissibility or merits of an application for international protection "at the border or in transit zones of the Member State".

In October 2018 the Austrian Presidency of the Council reported that "Article 41 proved challenging with respect to various aspects," above all over the issue of "whether the application of the border procedure should be optional or mandatory." Recent documents show that the problem has not yet been resolved.

A "large majority" in favour

According to a note produced by the Romanian Presidency at the end of March (7708/19, pdf), a "large majority of Member States" want the border procedure to be mandatory for individuals "who do not fulfil the condition for entry in the territory of the EU" and "are subject to inadmissibility examination or fall under the accelerated examination procedure."

(...)

Hela artikeln med många länkar till källor och bakgrundsmaterial (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Arkiveringsdatum 180804:

EU-kommissionen 18-07-19:

Commission takes further steps in infringement procedures against Hungary till sidans topp

The European Commission has today decided to refer Hungary to the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) for non-compliance of its asylum and return legislation with EU law.

The Commission has also today sent a letter of formal notice to Hungary concerning new Hungarian legislation which criminalises activities that support asylum and residence applications and further restricts the right to request asylum.

Court referral for non-compliance with EU asylum and return legislation

The Commission first launched an infringement procedure against Hungary concerning its asylum laws in December 2015. Following a series of exchanges on both administrative and political levels and a complementary letter of formal notice, the Commission sent a reasoned opinion in December 2017. After analysing the reply provided by the Hungarian authorities, the Commission considers that the majority of the concerns raised have still not been addressed and has therefore now decided to refer Hungary to the Court of Justice of the European Union - the last stage of the infringement procedure. Specifically, the Commission finds that Hungarian legislation is incompatible with EU law in the following respects:

(...)

Läs mer (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

UNHCR 18-07-25:

Fair and Fast: UNHCR discussion paper on accelerated and simplified procedures till sidans topp

This paper offers recommendations to Member States and EU institutions on accelerated and simplified procedures. It draws on existing practice of European States, and on UNHCR's experience in mandate refugee status determination, with a focus on specific models and tools that have proved efficient, flexible, and fair for processing manifestly well-founded and manifestly unfounded claims.

The paper suggests the following elements to be considered as part of ongoing discussions on the reform of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS).

1. Registration upon arrival, or at the time of the lodging of the asylum application entails the recording of all relevant data regarding the applicants, the identification of persons with specific needs or with family links in the EU and the referral of persons for which alternative legal procedures are available.

2. In situations of large numbers of arrivals, the centralization of the asylum process and related services could be considered. This could apply to cases where a high presumption of inclusion applies or with very low overall protection rates, and where the caseload or profiles are sufficiently homogenous.

3. Accelerated and simplified case processing may be applied for both manifestly well-founded and manifestly unfounded asylum applications.

4. A triaging system would be implemented following a caseload analysis based on 1) country of origin and 2) risk profiles, leading to channeling into different case processing modalities for:

i. Manifestly well-founded claims;

ii. Manifestly unfounded claims;

iii. Regular procedures.

5. For both manifestly well-founded and manifestly unfounded applications, elements of the assessment can be simplified, including through the use of:

(...)

Hämta dokumentet (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Arkiveringsdatum 180605:

Statewatch 18-05-29:

Council of the European Union "Safe countries" concept till sidans topp

"As regards Turkey, the Commission proposal for an Asylum Procedure Regulation sets out that the legal basis for protection against persecution and mistreatment is adequately provided by substantive and procedural human rights and anti-discrimination legislation, including ratification of all major international human rights treaties. Turkey has been designated as a candidate country by the European Council and negotiations have been opened."

The Council is discussing its "safe countries concept" which includes:

- the safe third country

- the first country of asylum

- safe country of origin

"Significant progress has been made in clarifying these concepts and the latest Presidency compromise proposals have been generally supported by Member States. As regards the EU list of safe third countries, the latest Presidency compromise provides that it is to be adopted via a Regulation modifying the Asylum Procedure Regulation (Article 46(1)) and that national lists may continue to exist in parallel (a sunset clause for such lists existed in the original Commission proposal). [emphasis added throughout]

The Annex to the Commission proposal listing the safe third countries of origin was bracketed and the Council requested an expert contribution from the EASO to facilitate its assessment and to allow it to take a position on the countries listed in the Annex.(...)

the latest Presidency compromise proposals provide that national lists for safe countries of origin may continue to exist in parallel (a sunset clause for such lists existed in the original Commission proposal).(...)

List of safe countries of origin

(...)

Hela artikeln (Extern länk)

Läckt via Statewatch: Reform of the Common European Asylum System - The safe countries concept = Policy debate, LIMITE doc no: 8735-18 (Extern länk till pdf-fil)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

EU Concilium / Statewatch 18-06-01:

Läckt: Utkast till rådets ståndpunkt angående asylprocedurförordningen till sidans topp

Proposal for a Regulation establishing a common procedure for international protection in the Union and repealing Directive 2013/32/EU (First reading) (LIMITE doc no: 9560-18)

/Statewatch:/ Council working on it negotiating position: 43 detailed Footnotes with Member State positions

"This document contains compromise proposals suggested by the Presidency in relation to Articles 43a-50."

/Dokumentet:/ The third examination of the proposal was finalised during three meetings of the Asylum Working Party (29-30 January, 13-14 February and 5-6 March 2018). The fourth examination of the proposal at JHA Counsellors level was finalised during five meetings (11 April, 17 April, 23 April, 3 May and 23 May).

This document contains compromise proposals suggested by the Presidency in relation to Articles 43a-50.

Taking into account the ongoing examination of the Dublin Regulation, the compromise proposals should be read in conjunction with the compromise proposals made in relation to the Dublin Regulation.

Dokumentet, publicerat av Statewatch (Extern länk)

Se också, samling av tidigare förslag:

Statewatch 18-05-29: Asylum Procedures Regulation: Documentation including "strengthening the sanctions against asylum shopping and absconding" (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Arkiveringsdatum 171229:

EU-kommissionen 17-12-07:

Commission steps up infringement against Hungary concerning its asylum law till sidans topp

The European Commission has today decided to move forward on the infringement procedure against Hungary concerning its asylum legislation by sending a reasoned opinion.

The Commission initiated the infringement procedure against Hungary in December 2015. Following a series of exchanges both at political and technical level with the Hungarian authorities and the concerns raised by the amendments to the Hungarian asylum law introduced in March this year, the Commission decided to send a complementary letter of formal notice on 17 May 2017.

Following the analysis of the reply provided by the Hungarian authorities, and in view of the new legislation adopted by the Hungarian Parliament in October, the Commission will no longer pursue four out of the eleven issues identified in the complementary letter of formal notice. The reply provided by the Hungarian authorities, however, was still found to be unsatisfactory as it failed to address the majority of the concerns. The Commission still considers that the Hungarian legislation does not comply with EU law, in particular Directive 2013/32/EU on Asylum Procedures, Directive 2008/115/EC on Return, Directive 2013/33/EU on Reception Conditions and several provisions of the Charter of Fundamental Rights.

(...)

Läs mer (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Arkiveringsdatum 171110:

ECRE 17-11-02:

Policy Note: Debunking The "Safe Third Country" Myth till sidans topp

Introduction

The EU institutions are discussing the definition of the safe third country concept, which has been part of EU asylum law since the adoption of the 2005 Asylum Procedures Directive and features prominently in the European Commission's (EC's) proposals for the reform of the asylum acquis. Instigated by the European Council's call for an alignment of the concept "with the effective requirements arising from the Geneva Convention and EU primary law, while respecting the competences of the EU and the Member States under the Treaties", some EU Member States (EUMS) have floated far-reaching proposals to lower the currently applicable standards, going below the already questionable proposals submitted by the EC.

Current debates epitomise EUMS' insistence on concepts that undermine access to protection in the EU within an overall strategy of containment of refugees in other regions. The safe third country concept is seen as the 'silver bullet' that will reduce pressure on EUMS' asylum systems by deterring applicants and allowing for expedited examination and then deflection of asylum claims.

ECRE warns against the erosion of key principles underlying the international protection regime through the mandatory application of an unduly broad or even flexible definition of the safe third country concept in contrast to existing higher standards applicable in a number of EU Member States. Such an approach will limit refugees' effective access to international protection in the EU. It will also undermine global efforts to increase solidarity in refugee protection and has major political implications for the EU's relations with other countries.

Hämta analysen (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Arkiveringsdatum 170504:

ICJ 17-04-19:

The ICJ comments on the proposed new EU Common Asylum procedure Regulation till sidans topp

In a briefing paper issued today, the ICJ presents its comments on selected key aspects of the Common Asylum procedure Regulation proposed by the European Commission.

On 13 July 2016, the European Commission published a proposal (Common Asylum procedure Regulation) to replace the current Common Asylum procedures Directive.

The ICJ submission focuses on the potential impact of the current proposal on the rights of asylum seekers in Europe, including the right to an effective remedy and the principle of non-refoulement.

In the briefing, the ICJ raises concerns at the proposal to use excessively accelerated and border procedures, even when children are involved, at the introduction of excessively short time-limits for people to access an effective remedy and at the limited scope of the proposal.

The ICJ further opposes the lack of access to information in a language an asylum seeker understands, and the limited access to legal assistance and representation and to legal aid.

The ICJ invites the co-legislators, the European Parliament and the Council of the EU to take these concerns into account during their negotiations.

Hämta dokumentet (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Arkiveringsdatum 170309:

ECRE 17-02-24:

French-German proposal for CEAS and returns reduces protection to minimum till sidans topp

A leaked joint policy note prepared by German and French governments strongly affirms the intention to further limit access to protection in Europe by curtailing procedural guarantees in the CEAS. The policy note lays out a plan for a "crisis mechanism", to operate in times of "mass influx" of refugees.

The policy note lays out ways to overcome current legal obstacles preventing the EU from replicating the EU-Turkey statement, described as a "game changer in the Eastern Mediterranean", with other non-EU countries. France and Germany therefore propose to remove human rights safeguards for those arriving in the EU, by removing material standards of return and appeal possibilities, amounting to the possibility to remove everyone entering the EU irregularly. They also suggest establishing a mechanism that would allow admissibility decisions to be taken by other Member States' legal experts in the country "affected by the mass influx."

While the proposal argues that current safeguards on the safety of non-EU countries are too high, the definition of the "safe third country" concept in the Commission proposal for an Asylum Procedures Regulation, has been highly criticised by ECRE for lowering protection and undermining fundamental refugee law principles.

The note seems to break away from previous opposition on the part of several stakeholders in France towards an approach centred on returns to third countries. Germany had already supported plans for lists of safe countries and stronger cooperation with neighbouring states in a March 2016 note issued together with Italy. At the moment, Germany's list of safe third countries only includes the countries applying the Dublin system, while France does not apply the "safe third country" concept at all.

Läs mer (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Arkiveringsdatum 160930:

Kammarrätten i Stockholm 16-09-30:

Remissvar: asylprocedurförordning, skyddsgrundsförordning och mottagandedirektiv till sidans topp

Remissvar: EU-kommissionens förslag till asylprocedurförordning och skyddsgrundsförordning

Remissvar: EU-kommissionens förslag till reviderat mottagandedirektiv

Hämta yttrandet om förordningarna (Extern länk)

Hämta yttrandet om mottagandedirektivet (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Arkiveringsdatum 160914:

Justitiedepartementet 16-09-09:

Faktapromemoria: Ny asylprocedurförordning till sidans topp

FPM131, KOM(2016) 467

/Promemorian innehåller beskrivning av EU-kommissionens förslag, konsekvensanalys samt ståndpunkter från olika instanser, inklusive Sveriges ståndpunkt./

Förslag till Europaparlamentets och rådets förordning om gemensamma förfaranden för att bevilja och återkalla internationellt skydd och upphävande av direktiv 2013/32/EU

Sammanfattning

Kommissionen antog den 13 juli 2016 ett förslag till asylprocedurförordning. Förordningen avses ersätta det nuvarande asylprocedurdirektivet. Förslaget syftar till att etablera ett enhetligt förfarande för internationellt skydd som är effektivt, rättvist och balanserat.

Förslaget innebär bl.a. att fler och kortare tidsfrister för ansökan och handläggning av ärenden införs, också i överprövningsförfarandet. Sökandens skyldighet att stanna kvar i den prövande medlemsstaten och att samarbeta med myndigheterna förtydligas. Det blir obligatoriskt för de prövande myndigheterna att använda påskyndade förfaranden i vissa fall. Garantierna för de sökande stärks när det gäller rätten till information och till rättsligt biträde. Garantierna för barn stärks bl.a. genom tidsfrister för förordnande av företrädare och krav på tillsyn över företrädarna.

Regeringen välkomnar en ökad harmonisering av medlemsstaternas asylsystem, att reglerna förenklas och förtydligas och att barns rättigheter stärks. För regeringen är det avgörande att den gemensamma processen har tillräckliga garantier för rätten att söka asyl, att alla ansökningar prövas individuellt och rättssäkert samt att principen om non-refoulement upprätthålls. Samtidigt måste systemet vara effektivt och ansökningar prövas skyndsamt med bibehållen kvalitet.

1 Förslaget

(...)

Läs hela promemorian (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Justitiedepartementet 16-09-09:

Faktapromemoria: Ny asylprocedurförordning till sidans topp

FPM131, KOM(2016) 467

/Promemorian innehåller beskrivning av EU-kommissionens förslag, konsekvensanalys samt ståndpunkter från olika instanser, inklusive Sveriges ståndpunkt./

Förslag till Europaparlamentets och rådets förordning om gemensamma förfaranden för att bevilja och återkalla internationellt skydd och upphävande av direktiv 2013/32/EU

Sammanfattning

Kommissionen antog den 13 juli 2016 ett förslag till asylprocedurförordning. Förordningen avses ersätta det nuvarande asylprocedurdirektivet. Förslaget syftar till att etablera ett enhetligt förfarande för internationellt skydd som är effektivt, rättvist och balanserat.

Förslaget innebär bl.a. att fler och kortare tidsfrister för ansökan och handläggning av ärenden införs, också i överprövningsförfarandet. Sökandens skyldighet att stanna kvar i den prövande medlemsstaten och att samarbeta med myndigheterna förtydligas. Det blir obligatoriskt för de prövande myndigheterna att använda påskyndade förfaranden i vissa fall. Garantierna för de sökande stärks när det gäller rätten till information och till rättsligt biträde. Garantierna för barn stärks bl.a. genom tidsfrister för förordnande av företrädare och krav på tillsyn över företrädarna.

Regeringen välkomnar en ökad harmonisering av medlemsstaternas asylsystem, att reglerna förenklas och förtydligas och att barns rättigheter stärks. För regeringen är det avgörande att den gemensamma processen har tillräckliga garantier för rätten att söka asyl, att alla ansökningar prövas individuellt och rättssäkert samt att principen om non-refoulement upprätthålls. Samtidigt måste systemet vara effektivt och ansökningar prövas skyndsamt med bibehållen kvalitet.

1 Förslaget

(...)

Läs hela promemorian (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Arkiveringsdatum 160315:

EASO 16-03-02:

EASO launches tools for first-contact officials on access to the asylum procedure till sidans topp

EASO, together with Frontex, has developed a number of new practical tools which aim to assist first-contact officials working at the borders and detention facilities, border and coast guards, police, immigration authorities and personnel of detention facilities, in ensuring access to the asylum procedure for those who may be in need of international protection. The tools can be accessed online.

Pressmeddelande (Extern länk till pdf-fil)

Direkt till verktyget online, nedladdning av guide, affisch, pocketbok, flygblad (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Arkiveringsdatum 160130:

EASO 16-01-27:

EASO launches tool for identification of persons with special needs (IPSN Tool) till sidans topp

EASO has launched a new web-based tool which helps in the identification of persons with special needs. The tool can be used by anyone who is in contact with applicants for international protection in their daily work and who may have a role in the identification of special needs in the asylum procedure and the reception context. The tool is available here.

Supporting EU+ States (EU Member States and associated countries) in meeting their obligations towards vulnerable applicants for international protection has always been a priority for EASO. With dedicated training modules, expert networks on children and on trafficking in human beings, COI products and other relevant publications, EASO has continuously provided relevant support.

With the launch of its EASO Tool for identification of persons with special needs (IPSN Tool), EASO addresses one of the significant changes brought with the recast asylum package and provides a tool for timely identification of applicants for international protection who may have special procedural and/or reception needs.

What is the added value of the IPSN tool?

+ The tool has been developed with expertise from EU+ States, EASO, the European Commission, UNHCR, and ECRE, and with valuable input from a number of intergovernmental and non-governmental organisations, members of the EASO Consultative Forum; and finalised after a wide consultation with all EU+ States participating in the work of EASO.

+ It can be used by anyone who is in contact with applicants for international protection in their daily work and who may have a role in the identification of special needs; and does not require specialised knowledge.

+ It has been designed as an intuitive and user-friendly online tool.

(...)

Hämta pressmeddelandet och se verktyget (webbaserat) (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Arkiveringsdatum 151222:

EU-kommissionen 15-12-10:

Commission opens infringement procedure concerning asylum law till sidans topp

The European Commission has today addressed a letter of formal notice to Hungary, opening an infringement procedure concerning the recently adopted Hungarian asylum legislation. The Commission has found the Hungarian legislation in some instances to be incompatible with EU law (specifically, the recast Asylum Procedures Directive (Directive 2013/32/EU) and the Directive on the right to interpretation and translation in criminal proceedings (Directive 2010/64/EU)).

The Commission had already examined the legislative amendments adopted by the Hungarian Parliament in July and September 2015 and sent an administrative letter outlining our preliminary concerns to the Hungarian authorities. After careful examination of the reply from the Hungarian authorities, a number of concerns remain:

Firstly, regarding the asylum procedures, the Commission is concerned that there is no possibility to refer to new facts and circumstances in the context of appeals and that Hungary is not automatically suspending decisions in case of appeals - effectively forcing applicants to leave their territory before the time limit for lodging an appeal expires, or before an appeal has been heard. The recast Asylum Procedures Directive establishes common procedures for granting and withdrawing international protection and sets clear rules on how to apply for asylum. It applies to all applications for international protection made in the territory, including at the border, in the territorial waters or in the transit zones of the Member States.

Secondly, regarding rights to translation and interpretation, the Commission is concerned the Hungarian law on fast-tracked criminal proceedings for irregular border crossings does not respect provisions of the Directive on the right to interpretation and translation in criminal proceedings, which ensures that every suspect or accused person who does not understand the language of the proceedings is provided with a written translation of all essential documents, including any judgment.

(...)

Läs mer (Extern länk)

ECRE 15-12-11: European Commission infringement procedures against Hungary and others for failure to comply with European asylum law (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Arkiveringsdatum 151025:

Justitiedepartementet 15-10-13:

Faktapromemoria: Förordning om gemensam lista för säkra ursprungsländer till sidans topp

Faktapromemoria 2015/16:FPM6 , dokumentbeteckning KOM(2015) 452

Förslag till Europaparlamentets och rådets förordning om upprättande av EU:s gemensamma förteckning över säkra ursprungsländer enligt Europaparlamentets och rådets direktiv 2013/32/EU och om gemensamma förfaranden för att bevilja och återkalla internationellt skydd och om ändring av direktiv 2013/32/EU

Sammanfattning

Förslaget syftar till att EU gemensamt upprättar en lista över säkra ursprungsländer för att underlätta för alla medlemsstater att använda samma förfaranden. Förslaget avser bidra till harmonisering av regelverket och en ökad effektivitet i asylprocessen när det gäller asylansökningar som är uppenbart ogrundade samt förhindra sekundära förflyttningar av personer som söker asyl. Kommissionen föreslår att Albanien, Bosnien och Hercegovina, Makedonien, Montenegro, Kosovo, Serbien samt Turkiet tas upp på den gemensamma listan.

Regeringen välkomnar förslaget om en förordning för att upprätta ett system med säkra ursprungsländer. En gemensam lista bör omfatta länderna på västra Balkan, men inte Turkiet. Ett system med säkra länder ersätter inte en rättssäker och individuell prövning.

Läs promemorian i sin helhet med bagrund, svensk ståndpunkt mm (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

ECRE 15-10-23:

ECRE argues against a common EU list of 'safe countries of origin' till sidans topp

ECRE has published comments on the European Commission's proposal for a Regulation establishing a common EU list of 'safe countries of origin' and amending the recast Asylum Procedures Directive. In the document, ECRE seriously questions the compatibility of the 'safe country of origin' concept with international refugee law, finding it at odds with the obligation on States under the 1951 Refugee Convention to treat refugees without discrimination based on their country of origin. ECRE is opposed to the adoption of a common EU list of 'safe countries of origin' as proposed by the Commission.

The use of 'safe country' lists, at national or EU level, contributes to a practice of stereotyping certain applications on the basis of their nationality and increases the risk for applicants coming from a specific country of being denied a thorough examination of their individual cases.

The proposed Regulation raises important protection concerns and may result in a 'race to the bottom' as regards safeguards available for applicants in the asylum procedures, while the added value of the proposal from a harmonisation perspective is likely to be very minimal.

ECRE believes that this is part of a worrying development in EU asylum law, to increasingly associate the nationality or profile of an asylum applicant to a decision of a manifestly unfounded application, without prior examination of the asylum application.

ECRE presented suggestions for the European Commission to amend the proposed Regulation and the Asylum Procedures Directive, in case of adoption of the proposal:

Ensure that asylum seekers originating from a country presumed safe have access to an appeal with automatic suspensive effect;

Strengthen the mechanism to suspend countries from the common list by requiring that the Commission's substantiated assessment is informed by all sources of information, including from NGOs and the expert opinion of UNHCR in particular; and

(...)

Läs mer (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Arkiveringsdatum 150929:

AIDA 15-09-24:

AIDA legal briefing: "Safe countries of origin": A safe concept? till sidans topp

ECRE has published its third AIDA Legal Briefing on the concept of "safe country of origin" in the European Union. Under the recast Asylum Procedures Directive, Member States may afford less favourable procedural treatment from asylum seekers coming from countries of origin considered safe under a set common criteria. However, the "safe country of origin" notion presents substantial conceptual and procedural risks in the asylum procedure. The criteria and definition thereof in the recast Asylum Procedures Directive should be cautiously read, given that their reference to a "general and systematic" lack of persecution or serious harm seems to contradict the 1951 Refugee Convention's purpose of protecting those who may face individual risks in their home countries for reasons related to their particular personal characteristics.

Moreover, the way in which Member States conduct safety assessments with regard to countries of origin is far from homogenous in practice. Against that backdrop, the recently tabled Commission proposal for a common EU list runs the risk of triggering a 'race to the bottom' in restrictive rules in the asylum procedure. Criteria such as the general European Court of Human Rights figures on rulings finding violations, the criteria for candidate countries' EU accession, or even the number of national "safe country of origin" lists comprising a particular country, in no way constitute evidence that the safety criteria in the recast Asylum Procedures Directive are met. Finally, recognition rates for applicants coming from ostensible "safe countries of origin" such as Albania and Turkey reveal a concerning discord between general presumptions of safety and the protection needs identified for the nationals of the countries concerned in practice.

Given its conceptual ambiguity and far-reaching adverse procedural consequences for the individual asylum seeker, this remains an unsafe concept in asylum procedures.

Läs mer (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Arkiveringsdatum 150920:

AIDA 15-09-10:

AIDA annual report 2014/2015 launched today till sidans topp

As the world is witnessing the largest displacement crisis since World War II, which is driving an unprecedented number of people fleeing war and persecution to undertake dangerous, life-threatening journeys to safety, the European Union's common policy on asylum lacks solidarity and consistency, according to the AIDA Annual Report 2014/2015.

The report is entitled "Common asylum system at a turning point: Refugees caught in Europe's solidarity crisis".

While the EU registered 626,710 asylum applicants in 2014, record numbers have already been witnessed during the first half of 2015, with over 300,000 asylum seekers received by four Member States: Germany, Hungary, France and Italy. The majority of applicants come from Syria, Afghanistan and Eritrea, yet their treatment varies substantially between European countries. In 2014, positive decision rates for Eritrean nationals varied from 26% in France to 100% in Sweden, while rates for Iraqi nationals ranged from 14% in Greece to 94% in France.

Faced with what is predominantly a refugee crisis unravelling at Europe's borders and within, from Kos to Szeged and from Traiskirchen to Calais, the Common European Asylum System (CEAS) and Europe's approach to asylum, have come to a turning point. The fact that the vast majority of asylum applications in the EU continued to be lodged in only 5 EU Member States in 2014 and 2015, while some of those Member States take in the highest numbers of refugees and already face significant challenges in their reception systems, has become a key political stumbling block and is likely to remain high on the EU's political agenda

(...)

Läs mer (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Regeringen 15-09-07:

Regeringens tio ståndpunkter för att reformera EU:s flyktingpolitik till sidans topp

I morgon den 8 september reser statsminister Stefan Löfven till Berlin för att träffa Tysklands förbundskansler Angela Merkel och senare under dagen tar statsministern emot Österrikes förbundskansler Werner Faymann.

Statsminister Stefan Löfven har den 7 september presenterat regeringens politik för att reformera EU:s flyktingsystem.

- Det viktigaste nu är att alla länder tar ansvar, att vi skapar ordning och reda i mottagandet och att vi angriper orsakerna till den internationella flyktingkrisen, säger statsminister Stefan Löfven.

Regeringen kommer att driva dessa tio ståndpunkter för att reformera EU:s flyktingpolitik:

1. Att EU ska inrätta en permanent och tvingande omfördelningsmekanism vid katastrofer.

2. Att EU ska fortsätta att prioritera att rädda liv.

3. Att alla EU:s medlemsstater ska ta sitt ansvar för att upprätthålla EU:s yttre gräns och leva upp till asylreglerna.

4. Att EU:s asyl- och gränsmyndigheter ska förstärkas.

5. Att EU ska fortsätta att bekämpa människosmugglarna.

6. Att EU får till stånd ett effektivt och humant återvändande och enas om ett återvändandeprogram.

7. Att EU skyndsamt ska enas om ett system med säkra länder.

8. Att EU kraftigt ska öka antalet kvotflytingar till cirka 100 000.

9. Att EU-kommissionen föreslår fler lagliga vägar till EU.

10. Att EU behöver en mer aktiv utrikes och biståndspolitik för att hjälpa människor på plats.

(...)

Läs mer (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Arkiveringsdatum 150814:

EU Concilium 15-07-22:

Ministerrådet vill att länderna på västra Balkan ska betraktas som säkra till sidans topp

Rådet för rättsliga och inrikes frågor antog den 20 juli slutsatser om säkra länder.

Utdrag: "Rådet...

REKOMMENDERAR därför STARKT att medlemsstaterna utan dröjsmål bedömer vilka tredjeländer som på nationell nivå skulle kunna fastställas som säkra ursprungsländer, inom ramen för ett samordningsförfarande under ledning av Easo och i enlighet med de kriterier och formföreskrifter som definieras i direktivet om asylförfaranden,

NOTERAR att de flesta nationella förteckningar över säkra ursprungsländer omfattar länderna på västra Balkan, att Europeiska rådet vid upprepade tillfällen erinrat om dessa länders europeiska perspektiv och att Albanien, Bosnien och Hercegovina, f.d. jugoslaviska republiken Makedonien, Montenegro och Serbien den 19 december 2009 respektive den 15 december 2010 överfördes till förteckningen över länder vars medborgare är undantagna från viseringskrav, liksom att andelen godkända asylansökningar för länderna på västra Balkan under 2014 var ganska låg i EU som helhet, vilket tyder på att samtliga medlemsstater skulle kunna betrakta länderna på västra Balkan som säkra ursprungsländer,

REKOMMENDERAR därför STARKT att en bedömning av säkerheten i västra Balkan utförs av samtliga medlemsstater som en prioritering, inom ramen för ett samordningsförfarande under ledning av Easo och i enlighet med de kriterier och formföreskrifter som definieras i direktivet om asylförfaranden,

VÄLKOMNAR kommissionens avsikt att skärpa bestämmelserna om säkra ursprungsländer i direktivet om asylförfaranden, bland annat genom att eventuellt upprätta en gemensam EU- förteckning över säkra ursprungsländer."

Hämta dokumentet (Extern länk)

Bill Frelick, Human Right Watch 15-07-28: EU 'Safe Country' lists threaten asylum seekers' rights (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Arkiveringsdatum 150724:

EU Concilium 15-07-15:

Letter from Commissioner to ministers: "Safe countries of origin" till sidans topp

Information note on the follow-up to the European Council Conclusions of 26 June 2015 on "safe countries of origin"

Dimitris Avramopoulos, Commissioner for Migration, Home Affairs and Citizenship

The European Council, in its Conclusions of 26 June 2015, has called on the Commission to "set out by July 2015 measurs to be taken to use EASO to coordinate the implementation of the "safe country of origin" provisions in the Asylum Procedures Directive". In addition, it was recalled that the Commission "indicated its intention to strengthen the "safe country of origin" provisions in the Asylum Proedures Directive, including the possible establishment of a common EU list of safe countries of origin".

Against this background, this note explains the applicable legal framework that regulates the "safe country of origin" principle and sets out how the Commission intends to follow up on the commitment expressed in the European Agenda on Migration presented on 13 May 2015 and the above mentioned European Council Conclusions. The background of this note includes a summary prepared by EASO of the current situation in the Member States as regards the designation of "safe countries of origin" at national level.

Hämta dokumentet (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Arkiveringsdatum 150429:

EASO April 2015:

EASO Practical Guide: Evidence Assessment till sidans topp

The 'EASO Practical Guide: Evidence Assessment', part of the EASO Practical Guides Series, is the second tool, developed under the EASO Quality Matrix activities, following the 'EASO Practical Guide: Personal Interview'. With this Practical Guide, EASO aims to provide further support to case officers within the European Union and beyond in their daily work in the core, yet challenging, aspect of evidence assessment.

The Practical Guide suggests a structured approach and guides the user, through checklists and brief guidance, in the evidence assessment process, including: 1) Gathering information; 2) Credibility assessment; 3) Risk assessment. It is in line with the structured approach under the core EASO Training Curriculum module on Evidence Assessment.

The interactivity of the tool allows the user to go directly, by using the hyperlinks, to the parts of the guidance that are of interest and to consult further relevant legislation and other material. In specific places, the tool leaves space for adding information regarding the national context, allowing tailoring the Practical Guide as one-stop guidance. A template which can be applied to individual cases is attached within as a further practical add-on.

EASO would like to thank the national experts who developed the Practical Guide for their work and valuable expertise; all Member States which contributed to it within the final consultation process; as well as the Reference Group, including the European Commission, UNHCR and ECRE, which provided input throughout the drafting process.

Hämta guiden (Extern länk till pdf-fil)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Arkiveringsdatum 150413:

EASO April 2015:

EASO Practical Guide: Personal Interview till sidans topp

The 'EASO Practical Guide: Personal Interview' has been published within the EASO Practical Guides Series and is currently available in [EN] [ES] [IT] [DE] [FR]. This Guide is the first practical tool developed under the EASO Quality Matrix process. The Practical Guide is intended to support the case officers in their daily work. With practical checklists and brief guidance, it accompanies them through the stages of preparation for the interview, opening the interview, providing the necessary information, conducting the interview, including guidance regarding the substance which needs to be explored, as well as necessary post-interview actions. The interactivity of the tool allows the user to go directly, by using the hyperlinks, to the parts of the guidance that are of interest and to consult further relevant legislation and case law. In specific places, the tool leaves space for adding information regarding the national context, allowing tailoring the Practical Guide as one-stop guidance for any case officer across the European Union and beyond.

While the Practical Guide does replace the core and advanced EASO training in Interview Techniques, Interviewing Vulnerable Persons and Interviewing Children, it has been developed in line with the structured interview method they are based on. EASO hopes that the Guide will be useful for case officers as a practical tool to assist them in one of their most important tasks, conducting a good quality personal interview, and that it will be found helpful as a tool for self-evaluation as well as quality supervision.

EASO would wish to thank the national experts who developed the Practical Guide for their work and valuable expertise; all Member States which contributed to it within the final consultation process; as well as the Reference Group, including the European Commission, UNHCR and ECRE, which provided input throughout the drafting process.

Hämta guiden (Extern länk till pdf-fil)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Arkiveringsdatum 150114:

ECRE 15-01-09:

ECRE recommendations on the EU's recast Asylum Procedures Directive till sidans topp

ECRE has published an Information Note on the EU's recast Asylum Procedures Directive providing a detailed analysis of the key provisions in the Directive and recommendations on how to transpose and implement those provisions. ECRE strongly encourages Member States to take full advantage of the Directive's provision to introduce or retain 'more favourable standards on procedures for granting and withdrawing international protection', thus ensuring compliance with obligations under international human rights law, the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights and the case-law of the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) and the Court of Justice of the EU(CJEU).

According to ECRE, the recast Asylum Procedures Directive, adopted in June 2013 represents, in many aspects, an important improvement with regard to procedural guarantees for asylum seekers. ECRE welcomes the progress made on a number of topics. For example, the new directive sets out that Member States may only omit a personal interview in the asylum process under limited circumstances. This represents a positive step towards guaranteeing a fairer asylum procedure. According to the recast directive, Member States also have an obligation to ensure that staff examining asylum claims in the refugee determination process are properly trained. The right of asylum seekers to challenge adverse decisions before the law is also strengthened in the new directive, which states explicitly that time limits on applications to challenge decisions must be of a reasonable length and not make the challenge impossible or excessively difficult.

(...)

Hela artikeln (Extern länk)

Information Note on Directive 2013/32/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 June 2013 on common procedures for granting and withdrawing international protection (recast) (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Källor: Informationen på denna sida är hämtad från följande källor (externa länkar): EU (kommissionen, ministerrådet, parlamentet och domstolen), Europarådet (mr-kommissionären, domstolen, kommittén mot tortyr), FN:s flyktingkommissariat UNHCR, FN:s kommitté mot tortyr m.fl. FN-organ, svenska media via Eniro och pressmeddelanden via Newsdesk, utländska media främst via I Care och IRR, internationella organisationer som Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, ECRE, ENAR, Statewatch, Noborder och Picum, organisationer i Sverige som Rädda Barnen, Röda Korset, Svenska Amnesty, FARR, Rosengrenska och InfoTorg Juridik (betaltjänst) samt myndigheter och politiska organ som Migrationsverket, Sveriges domstolar, JO, Justitiedepartementet m.fl. departement och Sveriges Riksdag.

Bevakning: Josefin Åström, Hjalte Lagercrantz, Karin Nilsson Kelly, Sanna Vestin. Sammanställning: Sanna Vestin. Asylnytt är ett ideellt projekt.