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Arkiveringsdatum 190609:

Samos Chronicles 19-05-18:

Listen to the Voices till sidans topp

By Saad Abdllah

The crying of the rubble in Syria reveals the pain of the people trapped under the debris. But the pain of the Syrian refugees continues as they search for safety and life.

The walls of the prisons in Athens are screaming injustice! Many Syrian refugees are in prisons without charge or conviction, many of them were forced to sail the sea to find life; they were terrified, frightened by the waves, the cold, the small boat tossed like a leaf in the wind, and many were scared of the smugglers and lost their power and their will.

Many Syrians have come to the Ottoman lands to escape the war in their country.This is the closest point they can cross into Europe. But as all of you know many of the human traffickers and soldiers of the Ottomans take from the Syrian refugees everything they have.

The shadow of death and injury follows them as they travel through the Ottoman lands. And when they stand at last on the beaches and look across the sea to the islands of Greece they now must face their biggest danger; to cross the sea of death (the Aegean Sea ) .They are now very close to death, not sure whether they will live or die. But there is no return. So on they go, placing their lives in the hands of smugglers.

Young Syrians are subjected to many tricks when dealing with human traffickers. They are vulnerable to theft, violence, rape and the worst forms of torture because they are Syrian on Ottoman soil.

Refugees are asked for large amounts of money,to cross the sea. Those who can pay will be on the death journey but those who do not have enough will be asked to drive the boat and carry on their shoulders the responsibility for all their friends as they drive into the sea to face and wrestle with waves and the weather, often in the darkness of night.

Accused! Arrested! and Imprisoned!


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Expressen 19-05-20:

Fi-ledaren: EU borde flyga in flyktingar till sidans topp

Feministiskt initiativs partiledare Farida al-Albani vill att EU lägger om migrationspolitiken.

- I stället för att hindra båtar borde vi sätta in flyg och bussar, säger hon i en intervju med Svenska Dagbladet.

Om mindre än en vecka är det val till Europaparlamentet. Feministiskt initiativ har slagits mot lägre siffror i opinionsundersökningarna.

Partiledaren Farida al-Albani är orolig inför valet.

- Jag är jätteorolig för hur EU kommer att se ut efter valet, där de nationalistiska grupperna kommer att vilja bromsa mycket viktigt arbete, säger Farida al-Abani till SvD.


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Altinget 19-05-16:

Friis Bach: Migrationskrisen er en myte - hvornår tør politikerne at sige det højt? till sidans topp

Der er ikke en migrations- eller flygtningekrise i Europa og i EU. Langtfra. Det ville være befriende, hvis politikerne fra de store og gamle politiske partier turde sige det, skriver Christian Friis Bach.

Ordet migrationskrise bliver flittigt brugt i de to valgkampe, vi ser udfolde sig i Danmark: Valget til Folketinget og til Europa-Parlamentet.

Ja, der bliver endda refereret til "folkevandringen", og blikket vender hele tiden tilbage til 2015, hvor flygtninge gik på Europas motorveje. Og vi skal huske, lyder skræmmebilledet, at Afrikas befolkning vil blive fordoblet over de næste 30 år.

Jeg vil nødigt ødelægge et godt argument med fakta. Men der er ingen migrationskrise i EU. Ligesom der heller ikke er en migrationskrise i USA, der kan berettige en gigantisk mur mod Mexico.

Der kom rigtigt mange i 2015. Men kun en mindre del var irregulære migranter. Det var primært flygtninge fra Syrien, Afghanistan og Irak, der - efter år i elendige lejre i nærområderne, uden indkomst og uden at børnene kunne komme i skole - gav op og søgte mod Europa.

Andre kom, fordi situationen i Libyen brød sammen i konflikt og usikkerhed som følge af oprøret og det militære angreb - støttet af vesten mod Gadaffi. Det var en helt ekstraordinær situation.

Det antal mennesker, der irregulært krydsede en grænse til EU sidste år var 150.114 - et fald på 92 procent siden 2015. Det er lidt flere end de 70.000-140.000, der ankom i årene før den store indstrømning i 2015, men det er stadigt et lille tal.

Til sammenligning kom der over 700 millioner turister til EU i 2018. Der kommer over 20 millioner turister om året til byer som Paris eller Athen alene. Og ja, Afrikas befolkning vil blive fordoblet over de næste 30 år. Men det er den allerede blevet i de sidste 30 år, uden at antallet der søger mod Europa er steget massivt.


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ECRE 19-05-17:

Tragedy and chaos continues on the Mediterranean till sidans topp

While succesful rescue operations have been carried out by the Italian navy and Maltese, and Greek Coast Guards as well as civilian search and rescue vessels, tradegy and chaos continues across the Mediterrenean. At least 70 people have died or gone missing this week and the crack-down on civilian search and rescue organisations intensifies.

A Maltese patrol boat rescued a group of 85 migrants over the weekend off the coast of Malta, the Greek coast guard have rescued 63 people in the eastern Aegean on Tuesday, the civilian search and rescue vessel Sea-Watch 3 rescued 65 people on Wednesday off the Coast of Libya, and 66 people were rescued by the Italian navy and the civilian search and rescue vessel Mare Joni off the coast of Libya on Thursday. However, another tragedy adds to the ever rising death toll on the Mediterreanean as 65 lives were lost after a boat carrring migrants sank off the coast of Tunesia. According to UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) Special Envoy for the Mediterranean Vincent Cochetel: "a tragic and terrible reminder of the risks still faced by those who attempt to cross the Mediterranean". Another five people are missing after a fishing boat sank Monday morning off the Heri-Chekka coast near Tripoli.


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The New Humanitarian Comment 19-06-06:

Biometrics: The new frontier of EU migration policy in Niger till sidans topp

The EU's strategy for controlling irregular West African migration is not just about asking partner countries to help stop the flow of people crossing the Mediterranean - it also includes sharing data on who is trying to make the trip and identifying to which countries they can be returned.

Take Niger, a key transit country for migrants arriving in Europe via Libya.

European money and technical assistance have flowed into Niger for several years, funding beefed-up border security and supporting controversial legislation that criminalises "migrant trafficking" and has led to a sharp fall in the registered number of people travelling through the country to reach Libya - down from 298,000 in 2016 to 50,000 in 2018.

Such cooperation is justified by the "moral duty to tackle the loss of lives in the desert and in the Mediterranean", according to the EU's head of foreign policy, Federica Mogherini. It was also a response to the surge in arrivals of asylum seekers and migrants to European shores in 2015-16, encouraging the outsourcing of control to African governments in return for development aid.

In April, as a further deterrent to fresh arrivals, the European Parliament passed a tougher "Regulation" for Frontex - the EU border guard agency - authorising stepped-up returns of migrants without proper documentation to their countries of origin.

The regulation is expected to come into force by early December after its formal adoption by the European Council.

The proposed tougher mandate will rely in part on biometric information stored on linked databases in Africa and Europe. It is a step rights campaigners say not only jeopardises the civil liberties of asylum seekers and others in need of protection, but one that may also fall foul of EU data privacy legislation.


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AYS 19-06-07:

Libya: Between hell and hell till sidans topp

Deaths at Seas and in Detention, Arrests at the Border and Forced Returns

"While too many reporters and 'impartial observers' keep talking about "reception facilities," "rescue operation by the Libyan Coast Guard," and the "Libyan SAR zone," none of these are a reality. Reception facilities are detention centres in which many people have died in the last months, the EU-funded Libyan coast guard keeps returning people to a country in a state of war, and this is not a rescue operation - this is state murder."

As the Libyan Civil War continues, a boat carrying people trying to escape sunk at sea on Wednesday. The Libyan Coast Guard report 'rescuing' 92 people, but of course will only return them to the inherently dangerous situation they were desperately trying to leave. There is no official figure for deaths from this ship wreck, and figures vary as to the number of people originally on board and the numbers of those rescued.


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Arkiveringsdatum 190517:

The Intercept 19-05-11:

Swarms of drones, piloted by artificial intelligence, may soon patrol Europe's borders till sidans topp

Zach Campbell

Imagine you're hiking through the woods near a border. Suddenly, you hear a mechanical buzzing, like a gigantic bee. Two quadcopters have spotted you and swoop in for a closer look. Antennae on both drones and on a nearby autonomous ground vehicle pick up the radio frequencies coming from the cell phone in your pocket. They send the signals to a central server, which triangulates your exact location and feeds it back to the drones. The robots close in.

Cameras and other sensors on the machines recognize you as human and try to ascertain your intentions. Are you a threat? Are you illegally crossing a border? Do you have a gun? Are you engaging in acts of terrorism or organized crime? The machines send video feeds to their human operator, a border guard in an office miles away, who checks the videos and decides that you are not a risk. The border guard pushes a button, and the robots disengage and continue on their patrol.

This is not science fiction. The European Union is financing a project to develop drones piloted by artificial intelligence and designed to autonomously patrol Europe's borders. The drones will operate in swarms, coordinating and corroborating information among fleets of quadcopters, small fixed-wing airplanes, ground vehicles, submarines, and boats. Developers of the project, known as Roborder, say the robots will be able to identify humans and independently decide whether they represent a threat. If they determine that you may have committed a crime, they will notify border police.


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Arkiveringsdatum 190503:

Open Democracy 19-04-12:

The Mediterranean battlefield of migration till sidans topp

Maurice Stierl, Sandro Mezzadra

What plays out off the coast of Libya are forms of mass abduction that are not merely tolerated but strategically organised and orchestrated by European governments and its coastguards.

In the central Mediterranean it is doubtful whether the lines have ever been drawn with greater clarity: the lines between force and freedom that mark out the battlefield of migration. On the one side there are the migrant travellers, those who stubbornly move and move on in conditions of extreme hardship and violence, and there are those in solidarity with them: activists who listen to their pleas from the sea as calls toward a collective struggle, as well as humanitarians, including 'accidental' ones such as north African fishermen, who go out to sea to conduct vital rescue operations.

On the other side there are the governments and institutions of 'EUrope' as well as their north African allies who continue to build up a veritable 'refoulement industry' at sea, a machinery based on the violation of rights and dignity, the breach of the law of the sea, international law, human rights law, and refugee conventions.

Normally, lines of political conflict are complex, blurred, not really line-like. When we look toward the situation in the central Mediterranean Sea, however, we see an erasure of complexity. Where once European military-humanitarian operations such as Mare Nostrum, and later, though certainly to a lesser degree, Triton or Eunavfor Med had blurred the dimensions of migrant rescue and migrant deterrence, migrant protection and border protection, there is an unprecedented duality in the enactment of force and freedom. Where we once spoke about a 'humanitarianisation' of the border, we now see viscerally the materiality and depth of inhumanity and a purity of violence that Europe is no longer able, or willing, to hide.


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The New Humanitarian 19-04-18:

Who will help the 600,000 migrants and refugees in Libya? till sidans topp

Camille Le Coz, policy analyst at Migration Policy Institute Europe

As Libya once again slides towards civil war, the European Union may not be able to turn a blind eye towards the more than 600,000 migrants and refugees in the country.

It may not have a choice: If thousands of people try to flee Libya due to the violence that has engulfed the capital, the EU's current strategy of keeping migration from the country to a minimum will be torpedoed. That will force the international community to choose from the best of a bunch of bad options to get people out, and fast.

The truth is that protecting Libya's migrants and refugees will require courageous political decisions. Anything less might look like Europeans deserted the stage when it was their turn to act. But with European elections just around the corner in May, few politicians are likely to risk any high-profile action that could be portrayed as weak on migration.

Of the 600,000-plus migrants and refugees in Libya, and despite some emergency relocations in the past few days, around 2,700 people - most from sub-Saharan Africa - are said to still be trapped in detention centres near the front lines of the ongoing battle for Tripoli.

Across the country, more than 6,000 people are believed to be crammed into these centres - some run by groups associated with the militias fighting for control of the capital and the country.

The abuses they suffer in detention have been widely documented, and the assistance provided by aid organisations in jails is largely insufficient.

What can be done?

On the face of it, none of the options for quickly getting the most vulnerable migrants and refugees out of Libya seem practical or realistic.


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Arkiveringsdatum 190415:

Journal of International Migration and Integration February 2019:

Tunisia's role in the EU external migration policy: Crimmigration law, illegal practices till sidans topp

and Their Impact on Human Rights


The article analyzes how crimmigration law, combined with a range of illegal practices employed by the Tunisian authorities, negatively impacts on the human rights of irregular migrants, in particular asylum seekers, in Tunisia. By placing Tunisia's migration policy within the broader EU strategy of externalizing migration controls, the article shows how the EU supports, and relies on, Tunisia's systemic violations of human rights in order to prevent irregular migrants from reaching the EU.The central part of the article is divided in four sections, with each section examining the impact of Tunisia's migration policy on a specific human right. The first section analyzes how legislation criminalizing irregular migration and migration-related activities, together with illegal practices used by Tunisian security forces (e.g., pushing back irregular migrants at Tunisian borders, detaining irregular migrants in order to prevent them from making asylum claims), deprive irregular migrants of their right to seek asylum. The second section examines how practices adopted by Tunisian security forces (e.g., refusing to allow irregular migrants to have access to lawyers and interpreters) undermine the right to due process in both criminal proceedings and proceedings for protection status determination. The third section argues that measures adopted by the Tunisian authorities (e.g., preventing refugees with protection status from obtaining residency permits) violate the refugees' right to work, while the fourth section analyzes how the criminalization of irregular departure from Tunisia violates the right to leave a country, including one's own country.

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Prospect Magazine 19-03-20:

Europe's new anti-migrant strategy? Blame the rescuers till sidans topp

by Daniel Howden

Across Europe's seas, anti-immigrant strategies have found a new target: the rescuers

It was the Ark Explorer's low "freeboard," the distance between the ship's deck and the waterline, that saved the rusted, ageing trawler from the wrecker's yard. The Ark's low clearance had helped fishermen haul netfuls of cod and herring out of the freezing North Sea for half a century. It also looked about right for fishing refugees out of the Mediterranean.

In May 2016, the Dutch-flagged 158-tonner was bought by a collective of German political activists called Jugend Rettet ("Youth Rescue"), who wanted to save lives and protest Europe's migration policies in the Central Mediterranean. Refitted and rechristened the Iuventa, the old trawler and its young crew went on to rescue more than 14,000 people over the following 14 months, taking most of them ashore in Italy.

Together with professional search and rescue operatives and doctors from charities such as Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF), the mounting death toll in the Mediterranean has drawn a new generation of activists away from anti-globalisation protests and on to the high seas. Among them was Julian Koeberer, a bearded, well-mannered film student from Frankfurt, who set off to shoot a film about refugees for a film school diploma and found himself drawn to volunteer on the Greek island of Lesbos in 2015.

The diploma remains unfinished. Koeberer and the rest of the Iuventa crew criss-crossed the Mediterranean for a year, earning a reputation as the hardest-charging, biggest risk-takers among the 13-boat flotilla operated by different NGOs. The Iuventa was renowned for radical politics and a willingness to load as many refugees as it could fit on deck.


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AYS 19-03-28:

AYS SPECIAL from Samos: An(other) landing till sidans topp

I woke up in the early morning due to the sound of loud thunder and rain pattering on the roof of the house. Minutes later my friend and I received a message: "There is a boat". As we didn't know the exact location we headed down the road along the sea. We saw the Hellenic Coastguard boat close to the shore. "This is very unusual", I thought. Normally, they patrol further outside on the Aegean Sea.

Next to the vessel of the coastguards we saw a black shape. First, we thought it was just a shadow or a rock in the middle of the water. But as we waited, we noticed that it is moving. The black shape was floating towards the island. It was the boat full of people moving up and in the heavy swell.

The wind increased, rain was falling from the sky. We saw that the boat had difficulties to reach the shore because of the wave heights. Trying to keep track of the rubber dinghy we headed south. The boat was coming closer to the shore.

We stopped the car and ran down a stony path towards the sea. We could hear the people screaming: "Hello! Help! We are down here"! Some of the younger people ran off, along the cliffs. A man with one leg stumbled up the rocks on his broken crutches. He slipped on the muddy ground and fell over. Somebody helped him up.

As we were running down the hill more people were coming in our direction. Their expressions were anxious, helpless, panicky. When we reached the water there was no sign of the boat. We walked in the direction from which the people were coming. The boat was further south in the water. We had to walk over some rocks through the waves to reach it. On the way down, I called the police to tell them where the boat arrived.

As we reached it we saw that not everybody was able to walk up to the beach. An elderly woman was sitting in the water next to the grey rubber dinghy. She couldn't get up by herself. The friend who attend the landing with me and a man who had just lifted his three children out of the boat helped the woman to get up.


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Amnesty International 19-03-28:

Automated technologies and the future of Fortress Europe till sidans topp

By Lucien Begault,

In October 2018 the European Union (EU) announced it was funding a new automated border control system to be piloted in Hungary, Greece and Latvia. Called iBorderCtrl, the project uses an artificial intelligence (AI) lie-detecting system fronted by a virtual border guard to quiz travellers seeking to cross borders. Travellers deemed to answer questions honestly by the system are provided with a code allowing them to cross, while those not so lucky are transferred to human border guards for further questioning.

iBorderCtrl is only one of many projects seeking to automate EU borders with the objective of countering irregular migration. This new tendency within Europe raises a series of serious human rights concerns.

iBorderCtrl's technology is founded on "affect recognition science," a widely contested discipline. Affect recognition claims to expose truths about someone's personality and emotions through the analysis of their facial features. Proponents argue that emotions are "fixed and universal, identical across individuals, and clearly visible in observable biological mechanisms regardless of cultural context". According to them, studying faces "produces an objective reading of authentic interior states".

iBorderCtrl is built on this logic, that an AI facial recognition system animated through computer-generated border agents can read people's feelings.

Yet, as has already been proved repeatedly, AI facial recognition systems are inherently biased, learning prejudices reflected in the data used to train them. Project claims of reducing "subjective control and workload of human agents and to increase the objective control with automated means" are certainly misleading. Moreover, researchers across the board have demonstrated that affect recognition does not stand up to scrutiny and is being applied in dangerously irresponsible ways. iBorderCtrl is a case in point.


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ECRE kommentar 19-03-29:

Last breath of Operation Sophia should push coalition of the willing till sidans topp

Catherine Woollard, Secretary General for the ECRE

The decision of the EU Member States on Operation Sophia, an EU Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) mission, has caused consternation - and rightly so. The Mission's mandate has been renewed for six months but will no longer involve maritime presence. Ending the deployment of ships to the Mediterranean means ceasing the one positive element of Operation Sophia's work. The Mission has rescued tens of thousands of people since 2015, almost 50,000 according to some estimates. This is perhaps not what the Member States intended or wanted from the Mission but its mere presence, combined with the duty of rescue, has led it to play this role.

The main focus of the Mission, and that which will continue, is "destroying the smugglers' business model", that weaselly expression which covers so much. In practice, for this CSDP Mission it has meant destroying boats, leading to ever more rickety crafts setting sail. It has also contributed to training the Libyan Coastguard, activities widely criticized, including by ECRE.


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AYS 19-04-08:

Border regime or human rights? till sidans topp

Media report that over 50 executives from European countries and the United States as well as actors present in the Evros region - FRONTEX, the Greek Police, the Border Guards, the Ministry of Migration Policy, and Intracom (which has undertaken electronic border surveillance with various systems) have met this weekend. It is thought that this was in response to the rumour that people have been gathering in the Adrianople Region in Turkey in preparation to cross into Greece. This must have been a good chance for them to get together and discuss in detail their illegal push back policy, which is currently being investigated by a Greek Prosecutor and has led to many deaths.

Meanwhile, as we recently reported, The Council of the EU has been continuing with its plans to further militarise the EU's borders. Politico reports on some of the more alarming features of this development:

These additional technical teams are, for example, airplanes and ships as well as border personnel with specific training. Now the agency will have a permanent body that aims to reach 10,000 troops before 2027, which will include the members of the rapid response reserve, for crisis situations.


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Arkiveringsdatum 190326:

Newsweek 19-03-07:

While the world watches Trump's wall, Europe is colluding in rape and torture till sidans topp

Matteo de Bellis

Farah, a young man from Somalia, his wife and newborn daughter had been at sea for 12 hours when the Libyan coastguard intercepted their dinghy. The couple had fled Libya after enduring several months of torture in a hangar where Farah was beaten and his wife raped in an attempt by Libyan gangs to extract ransom money from their relatives.

When he realized he was being sent back to Libya, the 24-year-old felt sick to his stomach. "I knew it was better to die than to go back, but they threatened us with guns."

Farah, his wife and baby spent the next seven months in two detention centres in Tripoli. "There was no food or support for my baby. She died when she was eight months old. Her name was Sagal."

This is just one of several heartbreaking stories of violence and unimaginable cruelty I heard last month in Medenine, a small town in southern Tunisia, which has received a low but steady number of refugees and migrants escaping a hellish life across the border.

This weekend fresh accounts emerged of people being tortured in Tripoli's Triq al Sikka detention centre. According to reports, over 20 refugees and migrants, including children, were brought to an underground cell and then tortured at turns, one-by one, for days, in punishment for protesting against their arbitrary detention in squalid conditions and the lack of solutions. In response to the protest, over a hundred other detainees were transferred to other detention centres, including Ain Zara - which is where Sagal died.

These stories of abuse correspond with what I heard in Tunisia. Another Somali man, Abdi, described extortion and beatings at the hands of detention centre guards. Like Farah, Abdi was also captured at sea by the Libyan coastguard and returned to Libya where he was moved from one detention centre to another.


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Arkiveringsdatum 190318:

EUobserver 19-02-06:

Why a far-right surge won't change EU migration policy till sidans topp

By Monica Li

Migration looks to be the biggest topic for voters in the European Parliament elections in May.

The most recent Eurobarometer survey shows that 40 percent of Europeans consider immigration to be one of the two most important issues facing the EU - the highest reported of all issues, and far ahead of terrorism (20 percent) or the economy (18 percent).

While some subjects, like the Dublin Regulation, are so politicised and difficult that reform can appear implausible at this point, there are still numerous, discrete migration-related issues where the parliament has been able to act.

In 2018, the EU parliament passed three resolutions for which NGOs and civil society actors in the migration field have been campaigning.

The first was a call to end the detention of migrant children.

Practices vary across the EU when it comes to migrant child detention.

Although even a short time in detention can have a devastating impact on children's health and well-being, only a handful of Member States never detain migrant children.

A second resolution called on member states to prevent the criminalisation of humanitarian assistance.

This was passed in response to a series of alarming arrests and legal proceedings against humanitarian aid workers and volunteers who had helped rescue asylum seekers and migrants in danger of drowning in the Mediterranean. Some of these legal proceedings are still ongoing.

The third resolution requested the European Commission to submit proposed regulations for a European Humanitarian Visa, which would provide a safe, legal pathway to a particular Member State for people seeking protection.


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EUobserver kommentar 19-03-04:

Sophia in limbo: political games limit sea rescues till sidans topp

Tobias Pietz, Center for International Peace Operations

There are only few weeks left until the mandate of the EU's naval mission in the Mediterranean, EUNAVFOR Med [Operation Sophia], will expire on 31 March.

Nevertheless, Germany already decided in January to stop contributing vessels to the mission: its frigate Augsburg left in February.

As well as structural problems (the German navy currently lacks functioning vessels), the German minister of defence delivered another, quite extraordinary explanation: that since July 2018, the Italian command of Operation Sophia has sent the German vessel (and all the other ones) on routes where there was nothing to do, as these were far off any smuggling or trafficking areas.

And, indeed, the mission which has rescued about 49,000 people so far has picked up only 106 refugees since July 2018.

What an interesting coincidence - as the summer of 2018 is exactly the starting point for all the obstructions by Italy's minister of interior, Matteo Salvini, regarding both this mission and other actors involved in rescues in the Mediterranean.


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AYS 19-03-13:

About the girl till sidans topp

In February 2019 a green-eyed girl, around 13 years old with a round face and a charming smile, fronted an advertising campaign on IOM - UN Migration's social networks. The girl attends school and the institution proudly showed how well she spoke Bosnian. Her access to education is an achievement within the context of neglect currently existing in Bosnia in regards to refugee people.

We are not going to show the photograph of the girl here. For what I know about this girl?-?and we do know each other from the time when she and her family were surviving in the unberable conditions of the makeshift camp of Trnovi, near Velika Kladu?a?-?she doesn't really like to be photographed for being a refugee, but she loves pleasing others and feels comfortable when she does so.

On this Facebook page?-?posted by this UN body that receives funds from the European Union in order to attend people trapped between EU borders who have no hope of being granted refugee status?-?there are many comments, happily talking about how great it is that this child has learned Bosnian.

What many of these people probably don't know is that this girl has been on the move for three years.

The IOM states that the girl learned Bosnian in eight months. This is not true. She learned the language during the three years she was trapped behind the EU closed borders in Serbia. IOM is always "sitting on the fence" and this makes their rhetoric hardly credible. It actually makes them seem hypocritical?-?although I believe this word conveys anger and I know a text of this kind should be as neutral as possible.


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Arkiveringsdatum 190219:

ECRE editorial 19-02-08:

EP Election 2019: Voter turnout is the key to an open Europe till sidans topp

Catherine Woollard, Secretary general for ECRE

With the European Parliament elections fast approaching, this week ECRE launched the latest phase of our EP 2019 Campaign. This is communications work focused on mobilising our supporters to vote, through explaining the important role played by the European Parliament in defending the right to asylum in Europe under the hashtag #YourVoteOurFuture. Our campaign also includes advocacy to influence parties' manifestos and more advocacy will follow post-election on Parliament's role in the Commissioner hearings and on the divvying up of Parliament roles.

Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) sit in political groups based on the affiliations of their national parties, with these groups ranging from the extreme right to the extreme left and covering every political tendency in between. For those who believe in human rights including for refugees and migrants, the fear is an increase in the power of the anti-migration, anti-refugee (and often anti-EU), far right in the next parliament, which will sit from 2019 to 2024 - and voter turnout is key.

Contrary to what we hear too often the European public has not become more opposed to migration or to hosting refugees since "the crisis" of 2015/2016. The lead authority, OPAM, the Observatory of Public Attitudes to Migration, analyses the evidence from across Europe, concluding that, if anything, the European public has become more positive towards migration, with a majority holding positive views and a majority also believing that borders should not be closed to refugees.

What has changed, however, is the salience of the issue and the public's assessment of governmental and EU responses. Migration is considered more important as an issue, with some countries showing a dramatic increase in saliency. Data on saliency can be interpreted in different ways, however. Is it not possible that those who are positive about migration (the majority) also consider it an important issue for the EU?


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OpenDemokracy comment 19-02-13:

When rescue is capture: kidnapping and dividing migrants in the Mediterranean till sidans topp

Martina Tazzioli

EU member states are holding migrants hostage while playing pass the parcel with their fates. It's a strategy that is as cruel as it is deliberate.

The Italian minister of the interior, Matteo Salvini, is currently under investigation for abuse of power and the kidnapping of 177 migrants. These migrants were, on Salvini's orders, confined to the coast guard vessel Diciotti for more than one week in late August last year. While this case received international media attention, it was not an isolated event. Over the last several years Italian ministers and politicians have repeatedly violated international and domestic law as they have sought to prevent individuals from migrating over the Mediterranean Sea. The disembarkation of rescued migrants has been denied or delayed many times. On a few occasions, Italy has arbitrarily closed its ports entirely.

While the closure of ports and the kidnapping of migrants triggered a strong reaction from some citizens and municipalities, many seemingly do not care. They do not care about the kidnapping of people by the state, nor about an interior minister who violates the law. They just do not want the migrants to land in Italy. Yet, far from being an exclusive Italian affair, the above mentioned legal and political controversies are part of a European battle, in which member states compete to not take care of a few dozen people on a boat seeking asylum. In fact, the recurrent strategy of taking migrants hostage is a sign of how deep Europe's crisis has become.

Migrants as hostages of European politics


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Upsala Nya Tidning ledare 19-02-16:

Nyttiga påminnelser till sidans topp

Johan Rudström

Australien har inte haft problem med oro kring flyktingförläggningar, inte heller med till exempel att de sökande går under jorden efter att ha fått avslag på asyl. Landets regering berömmer sig också för att ha stoppat flyktingsmugglingen och döden på havet i sjöodugliga båtar. Allt beror på att asylmottagningen outsourcats till öar i Stilla havet, som Nauru och Manus (Nya Guinea). Dessa stater får miljarder i ersättning av den australiska staten och anläggningarna drivs av privata företag.

Med flyktingarna undanstuvade borde kanske allt vara frid och fröjd, men australierna blir ständigt påminda om baksidan med systemet. Inte minst har många unga kommit tillbaka efter att ha jobbat på öarna. De har brutit sina kontrakt i förtid då de inte stått ut med de omänskliga förhållanden i vad som liknats vid koncentrationsläger. Våld har förekommit på anläggningarna, men det värsta är hopplösheten.


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Arkiveringsdatum 190209:

Amnesty International 19-01-18:

European leaders are manufacturing a "migration crisis" for political gain till sidans topp

By Matteo de Bellis, Amnesty International's Migration Researcher.

"We have a safe port," a crew member tells dozens of despondent asylum seekers crammed into a cabin aboard the Sea-Watch 3 NGO rescue ship. After almost three weeks of being stranded in the Mediterranean, the news takes a moment to sink in. "We're going in," he explains. "C'est fini." Within seconds the room erupts in unrestrained relief and joy.

This was the end of an ordeal, last week, for 49 women, men and children aboard the Sea-Watch 3 and Professor Albrecht Penck NGO vessels, who were finally disembarked in Malta.

They had been rescued in December after fleeing Libya, but the ships were denied permission to dock in any European port on the Mediterranean. As days turned to weeks, some European governments pledged to receive those rescued once they entered Europe via Italian or Maltese ports. But Italy kept refusing a port where the ships could dock, while Malta offered its cooperation on condition that other European countries agreed to take another 249 people previously rescued by Maltese authorities in a separate operation.

With reports of children becoming sick and one man jumping overboard in a futile attempt to reach the shore, international outrage grew. Even the Pope issued a "heartfelt appeal to European leaders to show concrete solidarity for these people."

After much political grandstanding, the ships were eventually allowed to dock.

Under international law, people rescued at sea must be taken to a nearby place of safety, namely a country where they will be treated humanely and offered a genuine opportunity to seek asylum. Until recently, that meant anyone rescued in the central Mediterranean en route from Libya, was taken to Europe, as returning them to Libya would expose them to the threat of arbitrary detention and potentially, torture.


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Amnesty International uttalande 19-01-18: EU leaders must fix "broken system" that leaves people adrift at sea (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 190111:

Aftonbladet 19-01- 08:

Wolfgang Hansson: Medan Trump får stenhård kritik bygger Europa sin egen mur till sidans topp

Donald Trumps försök att få till en mur för att stoppa illegal invandring kantas av stenhård kritik mot presidenten.

Europa bygger redan sin mur utan något omfattande politiskt motstånd.

I över två veckor har fartyget Sea Watch 3 seglat runt på Medelhavet med 37 migranter ombord. På den tyska hjälporganisationen Sea Eyes båt befinner sig 17 migranter sedan strax efter jul. Italien och Malta vägrar låta fartygen gå in i någon av deras hamnar. Inget annat land med hamnar i Medelhavet har erbjudit sig.

Tyskland, Nederländerna och några andra länder har sagt att de kanske kan tänka sig ta emot några av migranterna ifall andra länder gör samma sak.

Ombord på fartygen blir situationen alltmer pressad. För TT beskriver en av de ansvariga ombord på Sea Watch 3 stämningen som extremt tryckt. Många av migranterna sitter bara och gråter. Några har slutat äta och ger uttryck för självmordstankar.

Fartyget har till havs fått ta ombord mat och vatten men ingen vill låta dem gå iland. Påven vädjade häromdagen förgäves till Europas ledare.

Den här nya och hårdare attityden inleddes i höstas när Italien fick en högernationalistisk regering som gått till val på att stoppa den illegala invandringen över Medelhavet. Malta har samma inställning.

Skäller men gör inget

Övriga Europa skällde och skäller på Italien och Malta men inget annat europeiskt land är beredd att göra något för att lösa problemen. Spanien tog i höstas emot några båtar med migranter som räddats av frivilligorganisationer ombord, men det verkar ha varit ett utslag av tillfällig generositet.


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Arkiveringsdatum 181218:

Upsala Nya Tidning debatt 18-12-13:

Ta ansvar för flyktingarna till sidans topp

Att bygga upp flyktingläger i EU:s grannstater är inte långsiktigt hållbart, skriver Bodil Valero (MP).

EU:s statschefer verkar ha gett upp försöken om att enas om en gemensam migrationspolitik där alla medlemsländer solidariskt ska ta emot flyktingar. Nu ligger fokus i stället på att flytta problemet till länder utanför EU:s gränser och låta medlemsländer finansiera flyktingläger i våra grannländer. Men att stoppa huvudet i sanden och låtsas som att flyktingar inte finns, så länge de inte tar sig in i EU, är ohållbart. Om vi bara hanterar symptomen och inte grundorsakerna till varför människor drivs på flykt riskerar EU att lamslås av migrationsfrågan under oöverskådlig tid.


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Arkiveringsdatum 181125:

Sveriges Radio Ekot 18-11-19:

"Europa driver på dödsspiral på Medelhavet" till sidans topp

Dödligheten på Medelhavet har ökat markant i år jämfört med förra året enligt FN:s flyktingorgan UNHCR. Andelen flyktingar och migranter som överlever båtfärden mot Europa är betydligt mindre än tidigare.

Juridikprofessor Thomas Spijkerboer vid universitetet Vrije i Amsterdam och även verksam vid människorättsinstitutet Raoul Wallenberg i Lund är expert på gränskontroller. Han menar att Europas politiker måste undersöka konsekvenserna av sin egen Medelhavspolitik.

- Den breda allmänheten och Europas politiker behandlar det - det vill säga de drunknade flyktingarna och migranterna i Medelhavet - som om det är ett faktum, något naturligt och det kallas en tragedi. Men en tragedi vet vi är ju något oundvikligt och det är inte detta, anser juristprofessorn Thomas Spijkerboer.

- Vad Europa gör genom att lägga ut bevakningen av sin yttre gräns till Libyen och Turkiet är att driva på denna dödsspiral, fortsätter holländaren.


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Arkiveringsdatum 181108:

Sveriges Radio krönika 18-10-31:

För de försvunna: Ekots Alice Petrén till sidans topp

Stockholm, onsdag morgon.

Och om någon dag kommer många av er att vallfärda med ljus och blommor till kyrkogården för att hedra någon när och kär.

Men en del av er är kanske i samma situation som tusentals andra ute i världen - ni har ingen grav att gå till. Ni vet kanske inte ens vad som hänt er anhörig, er son, er dotter, er make. De försvann någonstans på vägen.

Tusentals flyktingar och migranter dör varje år och många bara försvinner helt enkelt.

Runt om Afrika, i Liberia, Ghana, Nigeria, Sydsudan sitter mammor och pappor och syskon och kusiner och mormor och .. och undrar varför de aldrig hör något ifrån han eller hon, som gav sig iväg.


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Arkiveringsdatum 181018:

Aftonbladet debatt 18-10-04:

Ska vi låta människor drunkna i Medelhavet? till sidans topp

Sök- och räddningsfartyget Aquarius tvingas efter politiskt fulspel avbryta sitt arbete på Medelhavet. Samtidigt har rutten över Medelhavet aldrig varit så dödlig som nu och utanför Libyens kust fortsätter människor att drunkna. Läkare Utan Gränser uppmanar EU att sluta blockera humanitära insatser på Medelhavet.

När Aquarius, som drivs av Läkare Utan Gränser och SOS Méditerranée, idag angör hamnen i Marseille kommer fartygets panamanska flagg att halas. Italiens regering har efter ekonomiska och politiska påtryckningar fått Panama, där Aquarius är registrerat, att dra in båtens flagg. I och med beslutet stoppas det sista räddningsfartyget som drivs av en hjälporganisation på centrala Medelhavet.


Amnesty International 18-09-24: https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2018/09/italy-a-new-underhand-tactic-for-ending-work-of-ngo-rescue-ship-will-cost-lives/ (Extern länk)

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Aftonbladet ledare yyy 18-10-09:

Är EU-väljare för att folk drunknar? till sidans topp

Det har gått över tre år sedan treårige Alan Kurdi hittades död vid en strand intill Medelhavet. Hans familj är en av tusentals som sökt en bättre framtid i Europa men förlorat familjemedlemmar på vägen.

Bilden på den livlösa lille pojken spreds över världen och har blivit en symbol för en av de värsta flyktingkatastroferna i modern tid.

Det turkosfärgade havet som en gång mest var förknippat med solsemestrar och salta bad kallas numera för världens största kyrkogård.

I dag nämns krisen på Medelhavet inte lika ofta. Men även om antalet migranter som försöker ta sig över havet till Europa har minskat de senaste månaderna har antalet dödsfall ökat. Bara under juni och juli drunknade 850 migranter - en ökning med nästan 30 procent jämfört med samma period förra året.


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Arkiveringsdatum 180926:

Altinget debatt 18-09-03:

"EU:s reformerade asylsystem - ett tillfälligt misslyckande" till sidans topp

EU:s försök att ta kontroll över migrationsströmmarna har lett till att unionen misslyckas med sina grundläggande skyldigheter för migranter, skriver Michael Williams, vice ordförande i Flyktinggruppernas riksråd (FARR) och Sanna Vestin, ledamot i FARR.

2015 och den stora folkliga solidariteten i Europa med människor på flykt följdes snart av att EU-kommissionen och medlemsstaternas regeringar fick panik. De förklarade att unionen måste ta kontroll över migrationsströmmarna och att alla medlemsstater gemensamt måste ta ansvar för flyktingar och migranter som kommer innanför unionens gränser. Av detta följde:

+ Uttalandet mellan EU och Turkiet för att hindra asylsökandes möjligheter att nå EU genom Turkiet.


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Dagens Arena 18-09-19:

Malin Björk (V) Säg nej till Fort Europa-politiken till sidans topp

EU:s flyktingpolitik är en återvändsgränd. Nu är det upp till regeringar som vill något annat än de stängda gränsernas politik att sätta stopp för den högerextrema utvecklingen, skriver EU-parlamentariker Malin Björk (V) inför EU-toppmötet.

Ikväll träffas EU-ländernas ledare i österrikiska Salzburg för att ännu en gång diskutera migrationspolitik. Det förra toppmötet om migration i juni innebar ett stort misslyckande för EU att ta ett gemensamt ansvar i den globala flyktingsituationen.

Det blev ingen reformering av Dublinförordningen så att ansvaret för flyktingar kunde fördelas jämnt bland alla 27 medlemsländer. Det blev heller inget av det kvotflyktingsystem som jag och EU-parlamentet föreslagit. Förslagen blockerades av medlemsländerna.

Istället förskjuts nu debatten och förslagen alltmer ut i extrema marker.

Tidigare i somras föreslogs att EU ska outsourca ansvaret för flyktingar till fattigare tredje länder i Afrika och Europa. Särskilda uppsamlingsläger skulle skapas dit människor som är på väg mot EU ska kunna skickas tillbaka innan de hunnit söka asyl här.

Att lämna sitt land för att söka asyl i ett annat land är en mänsklig rättighet, men det hindrar inte EU från att kalla flyktingar för "illegala migranter" eller stoppa livräddningsaktioner på Medelhavet.

När EU-ledarna träffas den här gången är förutsättningarna för att unionen ska föra en mer human flyktingpolitik om möjligt ännu sämre. Flera av länderna domineras av högerextrema partier.


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Expressen yyy 18-09-20:

Trumps råd till Spanien: "Bygg en mur genom hela Sahara" till sidans topp

Här är Donald Trumps förslag för att hantera migrationskrisen runt Medelhavet: Bygga en mur genom hela Saharaöknen.

- Gränsen genom Sahara kan knappast vara längre än vår gräns mot Mexiko, ska den amerikanske presidenten ha sagt enligt spanska medier.

Det är Spaniens utrikesminister, Josep Borrell, som kommer med avslöjandet om hur USA:s president Donald Trump tycker att migrationskrisen med flyktingar som tar sig över Medelhavet ska lösas.

Svaret är av samma sort som han vill lösa gränsproblematiken i USA: Bygga en stor mur.

Josep Borell utsågs till utrikesminister i juni av den nytillträdde premiärministern Pedro Sánchez, och har bland annat varit talman i Europaparlamentet mellan 2004 och 2007.


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Arkiveringsdatum 180819:

Etikkommissionen i Sverige 18-08-08:

Människans vilja att göra sina liv bättre till sidans topp

Vi vet att den som måste fly, flyr, oavsett riskerna. Många av oss har hört flyktingar säga att vi riskerar livet för det kan ändå inte bli värre.

En hel del svenska politiker hävdar att vi måste värna om asylrätten, bland annat Sveriges statsminister. Och det är så sant. Men om Sverige och EU värnade om asylrätten skulle människor som söker skydd inte mötas av stängda gränser, de skulle antingen inte behöva visum till EU eller de skulle ges visum, och flygbolag skulle inte straffas om de transporterar skyddssökande passagerare utan visum.

EU-toppmötet i Bryssel i slutet av juni ledde inte oväntat till att den nya gemensamma asylpolicyn med sina sju delar inte togs. Den ska upp igen på toppmötet i oktober. Regeringschefernas uppdrag var att arbetet ska fortsätta och slutföras. Det mesta sägs man ha varit ense om, vilket skrämmer lika mycket som besluten att arbeta vidare med planerna om att flyktingar och migranter ska vara inlåsta i läger utanför EU. Bland besluten finns också kraftigt ökad gränsbevakning.

Blir det föreslagna gemensamma asylpaketet antaget innebär det andra stora försämringar för människor på flykt.

Österrike är ordförandeland för EU nu och höll möte i Innsbruck med EU:s migrationsministrar i förra veckan. Till mötet hade Österrike föreslagit att alla med avslag på sina asylansökningar ska skickas till slutna läger utanför EU om de inte återvänder till "hemlandet". Observera att inte så få flyktingar har aldrig levt i landet de ska avvisas till eller tas inte emot av det landet. Österrike menade också att EU helt ska ändra sin asyl- och migrationspolitik och att det på sikt inte ska vara möjligt att söka asyl i EU. Mötet i Innsbruck valde sedan att prioritera stärkta gränskontroller i akt att hindra fler migranter att komma till EU. Frontex kommer att ha en gränspolisstyrka på 10 000 personer, och ges mandat att verka utanför EU. Migranter som räddas på Medelhavet ska inte föras till Europa utan till mottagningsläger i Nordafrika.


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Svenska Dagbladet debatt 18-08-10:

"Efter EU-toppmötet - vi är tillbaka på ruta ett" till sidans topp

Det är svårt att förstå EU:s flyktingpolitik. Ledarna säger sig vara för asylrätten. Men de agerar tvärtemot. Och det enda man har enats om är ett frivilligt mottagande av flyktingar. Vi är tillbaka på ruta ett, skriver debattören Helena Rivière.

Asyl javisst, säger EU, men ta migranterna någon annan stans. På toppmötena diskuterar man plattformar, mottagningscentra, uppsamlingsläger både i och utanför EU. Men inget land vill ha lägren på sitt territorium. Och inget land har något bra svar på vart flyktingar som har asylskäl ska skickas. Så senaste EU-toppmötet enades till slut om frivilligt mottagande av dessa flyktingar. Vi är tillbaka på ruta ett.


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Arkiveringsdatum 180804:

EUobserver 18-07-18:

EU must create safe, legal pathways to Europe till sidans topp

Malin Björk

For years, the European Parliament has been calling for safe and legal pathways to the European Union.

However, the absence of legal ways to enter Europe has turned the Mediterranean sea into the deadliest border in the world.

To address this situation, resettlement is one of the legal ways where member states need urgently to step up their commitments.

As the rapporteur for the European Parliament on an EU regulation on resettlement, my colleagues and I have outlined an effective plan based on solidarity and humanitarian principles.

We are proposing an EU programme that responds to the individual protection needs of the most vulnerable refugees - a plan of action that demonstrates our solidarity with countries outside the EU that are currently hosting large numbers of refugees.

This is the very basis of the important programmes that the UNHCR has run for many decades, and the UNHCR has the central role in the future of an EU resettlement programme.

In order to ensure that the EU makes a meaningful contribution to the annual global resettlement needs (as identified by the UNHCR), the European Parliament wants to see a resettlement programme where all EU member states participate.

However, council has rejected the compulsory nature of the programme outright.

Despite this, negotiations with the council had already reached quite an advanced stage when the file was blocked by the 'coreper' (committee of the permanent representatives of the governments of the member states to the European Union) just days before the EU summit in June.


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Aftonbladet debatt 18-07-19:

Nej, EU-medborgarskap ska inte vara till salu till sidans topp

Cecilia Wikström, Europaparlamentariker (L)

Tragikomiskt att se länder bygga murar och samtidigt rulla ut röda mattan för rika

Under senare tid har det framkommit att det är mycket enkelt för rika människor utanför EU att köpa ett EU-medborgarskap. Elva medlemsländer i EU: Grekland, Lettland, Cypern, Litauen, Belgien, Spanien, Storbritannien, Österrike och Malta, driver särskilda program för dessa så kallade "gyllene viseringar".

I praktiken innebär det att rika människor från ett tredje land, genom att köpa ett hus eller investera i ett europeiskt bolag, köper sig och sina familjer EU-medborgarskap till ett minimipris om 250 000 euro. Investerarna kommer vanligtvis från länder som Ryssland, Kina, Ukraina, Libanon, Turkiet och Syrien.


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Arkiveringsdatum 180718:

EuroNews kommentar 18-07-09:

Think Fortress Europe is the answer to migration? Get real till sidans topp

By Benjamin Ward, Human Rights Watch

The way people actually live, Niccolo Machiavelli famously argued, is so different than the way they should live, that if we focus only on the way things ought to be done and ignore how they are actually done, we will find ruin rather than preservation.

It's not hard to imagine Italian Interior Minister Matteo Salvini or Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban nodding with approval at the sixteenth century author, widely regarded as the godfather of political realism.


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Arkiveringsdatum 180625:

Center for Global Development kommentar 18-06-15:

The EU's answer to migration is to triple funding for border management. till sidans topp

Will this do the job?

Anita Käppeli

Earlier this week, the European Commission published its proposals on migration and border security for the next EU budget (2021-2027). Financial support for migration, asylum, and border management is to almost triple, from 13 billion to 34.9 billion. What might this mean for the EU and future migration flows?

Depending on the perspective, one could argue that the EU could not have picked a better or worse moment to publish its budgetary proposal for future migration management. This week, the EU states once again showed their inability to act in concert, with a humanitarian disaster unfolding on the Mediterranean as both Malta and Italy refused to accept a ship carrying 629 migrants. While Spain stepped in, offering safe harbour to the migrants on board the Aquarius, new Italian Interior Minister Matteo Salvini hailed the incident as a victory for his new government, sending a message to the rest of the EU that Italy is no longer prepared to be left dealing with migration flows in the Mediterranean. Since the EU-Turkey deal reduced the number of migrants arriving via the Balkan route, Italy has become the major destination for new arrivals at European shores.


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Källor: Informationen på denna sida är hämtad från följande källor (externa länkar): EU (kommissionen, ministerrådet, parlamentet och domstolen), Europarådet (mr-kommissionären, domstolen, kommittén mot tortyr), FN:s flyktingkommissariat UNHCR, FN:s kommitté mot tortyr m.fl. FN-organ, svenska media via Eniro och pressmeddelanden via Newsdesk, utländska media främst via I Care och IRR, internationella organisationer som Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, ECRE, ENAR, Statewatch, Noborder och Picum, organisationer i Sverige som Rädda Barnen, Röda Korset, Svenska Amnesty, FARR, Rosengrenska och InfoTorg Juridik (betaltjänst) samt myndigheter och politiska organ som Migrationsverket, Sveriges domstolar, JO, Justitiedepartementet m.fl. departement och Sveriges Riksdag.

Bevakning: Josefin Åström, Hjalte Lagercrantz, Karin Nilsson Kelly, Sanna Vestin. Sammanställning: Sanna Vestin. Asylnytt är ett ideellt projekt.