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Arkivet har startat om och saknar material från perioden 180119 - 180513

Arkiveringsdatum 190318:

Amnesty International 19-03-06:

More evidence of abuses in Libya should spur EU to help people seeking safety till sidans topp

Ahead of the meeting of European Home Affairs Ministers, Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch have today published a 20-point action plan to address the current unsustainable situation in the Mediterranean which is leaving boats stranded at sea and people illegally detained in Libya.

EU countries have consistently acted to block the arrival of seaborne refugees and migrants by hampering rescues in the Central Mediterranean, and by supporting the Libyan Coast Guard which intercepts people at sea and forces them back to Libya. This has resulted in refugees and migrants becoming trapped in Libya where they are exposed to serious abuses including torture.

The joint Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch plan includes a set of measures to protect the human rights of those migrating across the Mediterranean. This includes not only immediate action to rescue people in danger at sea and ensuring their prompt disembarkation and relocation in Europe, but also concrete measures to address the catastrophic situation of people trapped in Libya. To this end European governments should make continuing cooperation with Libya subject to the Libyan authorities ending automatic and indefinite detention of migrants and refugees.

"European governments are well aware of the killings, beatings, rapes and exploitation that take place in Libyan detention centres. If they want to stop being complicit in these atrocities then they must work with the Libyan authorities to ensure the release of the thousands currently held and offer resettlement places to those of them who qualify for it. These hellish detention centres must be closed for good."

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Hämta handlingsplanen (Extern länk)

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Human Rights Watch 19-03-14:

NGOs calling to end the humanitarian and human rights crisis at Europe's borders till sidans topp

Dear European leaders,

We, the 25 undersigned humanitarian, human rights and volunteer organizations call on you, in the run up to the third anniversary of the EU-Turkey deal, to take immediate and sustained action to end the unfair and unnecessary containment policy which is preventing asylum seekers from leaving the Greek islands. We also call on you to urgently reach a common responsibility-sharing agreement for hosting asylum seekers across EU Member States.

The policy that traps people on the Greek islands and prevents them from reaching the European mainland has caused a recurrent and endless cycle of overcrowding, substandard living conditions and extremely poor access to services: the European "hotspots" continue to provide accommodation and basic services, such as food and medical assistance, well below minimum standards. The European response in Greece has proven to have disastrous consequences on refugees' rights, including their health and safety. This has been exhaustively documented and brought to your attention through countless reports over the last three years[1].

As many as 20,000 asylum seekers were stranded in unsafe, unhygienic and degrading conditions on the Greek islands in 2018. Currently, around 12,000 people are still forced to live in inadequate reception and identification centers built for a maximum capacity of half this population: sleeping in unheated tents or overcrowded containers with limited access to running water and electricity, and often exposed to ongoing violence, harassment and exploitation, amid high tensions, lack of security and minimal protection.

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 190219:

Riksdagen 19-02-06:

Svar på skriftlig fråga: Partnerskap med Afrika till sidans topp

Fråga 2018/19:66 av Ludvig Aspling (SD)

Europeiska unionen har ett strategiskt partnerskap med Afrika. Partnerskapets syfte är att genom investeringar lyfta levnadsstandarden på den afrikanska kontinenten och därmed också minska incitamenten för irreguljär migration till Europa. Sverigedemokraterna står bakom syftet att öka levnadsstandarden, men ser det som otroligt att detta skulle minska incitamenten att resa till Europa.

Forskning på migrationsområdet, av bland annat Paul Collier, visar att en begränsad ökning av levnadsstandarden leder till en ökad benägenhet att migrera eftersom migranter ser resan till Europa som en investering. Eftersom sådana resor är relativt kostsamma tillhör de som lyckas ta sig till Europa ofta också den afrikanska överklassen.

En ökad levnadsstandard riskerar alltså, om detta inte kombineras med verksamma åtgärder för att stävja migrationen, att leda till ökad irreguljär migration i stället för minskad. Det senare syftet med planen kommer i så fall inte att uppfyllas.

Med anledning av detta vill jag fråga statsrådet Peter Eriksson:

Vilka vetenskapliga belägg har statsrådet för att Sveriges och EU:s bistånd till utvecklingsländer faktiskt leder till en minskad benägenhet att migrera till Sverige och rikare länder?

Svar av Statsrådet Peter Eriksson (MP) (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 190209:

Amnesty International 19-01- 18:

Cut Adrift in the Med till sidans topp

/Utdrag:/

We have identified the problems that need addressing

1. The Dublin System (...)

A major reason is the Dublin system, under which the first country the asylum-seeker enters is usually responsible for examining their asylum claim, hosting them during the process, integrating the successful applicant and returning those who are refused protection to their countries. This has significant implications for front-line states, which - in the absence of intra-European solidarity mechanisms to share these responsibilities - have increasingly chosen to bar asylum-seekers from accessing their country, even when this means exposing them to fatal risks and breaching international obligations.

(...)

2. The deal with Libya (...)

Now, if any ship rescues people in the Libyan search and rescue region, European governments still can't say, "take them to Libya" - as this would be illegal - but they can say, "that's Libya's search and rescue region so you'll have to ask them what to do". The ship's captain though remains bound by international law not to take them back to Libya.

So a ludicrous, "catch 22" situation arises in which people rescued at sea cannot be taken to either Libya or Europe and are thus stranded at sea.

(...)

3. Distorting the debate on migration for political gain

The number of irregular border crossings at Europe's external borders fell in 2018 to the lowest level in five years, according to the European border agency Frontex. Yet some people believe there is an ongoing migration "crisis" in the Mediterranean.

Only around 114,000 refugees and migrants crossed the Mediterranean in 2018, mostly reaching Spain (58,569), Greece (32,497) and Italy (23,370).

(...)

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Amnesty International 19-02-06: When solidarity - like that shown by Stansted 15 - becomes a crime (Extern länk)

FRA 19-01-21: Recurring migrant deaths at sea, a grim reminder of need for solutions, says FRA (Extern länk)

Refugees Deeply 19-01- 18: How a visa for asylum seekers could grant safe passage to Europe (Extern länk)

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ECRE 19-01-25:

Relying on Relocation: Proposal for a fair relocation following disembarkation till sidans topp

In its latest Policy Paper, ECRE proposes a mechanism for relocation following disembarkation to end the current "ship by ship" approach to relocation of persons rescued in the Mediterranean.

The arrangements followed by European countries since the summer of 2018 are legally and politically unsustainable as they exacerbate suffering by leaving people at sea for prolonged periods, allow leaders to exploit search and rescue incidents for domestic political purposes, entail bureaucracy and costs for administrations, and cause reputational damage to the EU by undermining relations with third countries. The manner in which individuals are currently received and distributed under ad hoc arrangements on relocation also raises questions of compliance with the CEAS standards, with people being detained and forbidden from applying for asylum in countries of arrival, and receiving countries exercising undue discretion when selecting those who will be relocate.

ECRE recommends a relocation mechanism for asylum seekers disembarked in EU ports based on fair and effective implementation of rules set out in the existing EU rules, without adding new obligations for Member States. The main elements of the mechanism are as follows:

1) While countries should be able to choose whether or not to opt into the relocation mechanism, the states participating in the mechanism should be defined from the outset and should not be negotiated on a "ship by ship" basis. The arrangement should apply to disembarkations following search and rescue and other forms of sea arrivals in all participating coastal EU Member States to guarantee fairness and to support the efforts of all countries receiving disembarked people. All countries will be required to examine at least some asylum applications of disembarked persons.

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Arkiveringsdatum 181218:

Europarådets parlament 18-12-17:

New walls against migrants 'morally unacceptable', says committee till sidans topp

On the eve of International Migrants' Day (18 December), PACE's Migration Committee, in a statement, called for the respect of migrants' fundamental rights.

Statement adopted by the Committee on Migration, Refugees and Displaced Persons:

"Despite a very significant drop in the numbers of migrants arriving in Europe since the peaks registered in 2015 and 2016, immense challenges remain for all European states.

With the closure of the Balkans land routes, over 100 000 migrants attempted to cross the Mediterranean Sea in 2018 to reach the European Union. The International Organization for Migration's Missing Migrants Project recorded more than 2 000 deaths of boat migrants in the Mediterranean in 2018, which constitutes two-thirds of all migrant fatalities globally. Europe cannot look away while the Mediterranean Sea continues to be a mass grave.

Turkey is hosting more than 3.5 million registered refugees from Syria. There are more than 1.5 million refugees in Germany. This number of refugees is nearly equalled by the number of registered IDPs in Europe. Hundreds of thousands of undocumented migrants are stranded in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Greece, Italy, Spain and other member States of the Council of Europe. Many more hundreds of thousands are trafficked and exploited in Europe, most of them vulnerable migrants.

Behind these figures are individual human fates - men, women and children compelled to leave their homes, who depend on humanitarian support, whose human rights must be respected and who must be allowed to contribute to our common future.

Until 30 years ago, Europe was divided for several decades by an "iron curtain". Building new walls in Europe against migrants and refugees is not an option, as it is neither practically feasible nor morally acceptable.

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Arkiveringsdatum 181125:

ECRE 18-11- 09:

EU as human rights champion - point of no return or new beginning? till sidans topp

The 101 strong ECRE alliance met in Belgrade for the ECRE Annual General Conference 2018, taking place alongside the Europe NGO Consultation of UNHCR, an ECRE strategic partner. With over 200 participants at the conference, civil society remains strong and determined to defend the human rights of all, especially at this time when the right to asylum is under attack and the rights of the displaced in Europe are disregarded in parts of the continent.

ECRE calls on the European Union to defend European values. This includes the rule of law, both within the EU and as part of the EU Accession process. The support for democratic reform and protection of human rights in Serbia and the Western Balkans will only happen if the EU itself changes direction.

"There are four main strategies at play at EU and Member State level in dealing with asylum seekers" says Morten Kjaerum, Chair of the ECRE board. "First, keep people out through walls, push-backs and the ending of Search and Rescue at borders. Second, push them sideways by offering comparatively worse conditions in terms of support, access to labour market, family reunification and permanent residency or citizenship -sometimes referred to as the 'race to the bottom.' Third, send them back, including through forced return. This despite the fact that asylum seekers face a 'lottery' where they might be relatively sure of receiving protection in one place and have no chance in another potentially leaving rejected people in danger. Finally, prevent them from beginning their journey in the first place or contain them en route through dubious agreements with third countries."

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Arkiveringsdatum 180819:

Riksdagen 18-08-10:

Svar på skriftlig fråga: Uppsamlingsläger för flyktingar till sidans topp

Fråga 2017/18:1576 av Jens Holm (V) till Statsrådet Heléne Fritzon (S)

Det österrikiska ordförandeskapet i EU har skickat ett antal frågor till medlemsländerna kring uppsamlingsläger för flyktingar. I dokumentet Presidency discussion paper on Return Centers (Europeiska rådet den 4 juli 2018, 10829/18) diskuteras möjligheten att EU-länder ska kunna öppna center i länder utanför EU dit personer som fått negativt svar på asylansökan men av olika skäl inte kan avvisas ska samlas upp. Dessa center, som i dokumentet kallas Return Centers, ska alltså ligga utanför EU:s gränser, i tredje land men behöver inte vara ett transitland. Uppsamlingsläger för flyktingar diskuterades på det senaste EU-toppmötet i juni. Förslaget kritiserades hårt av människorättsorganisationer och organisationer som arbetar med flyktingar. Erfarenheten från Australien, där liknande läger finns utanför Australiens gränser, förskräcker.

I nämnda dokument vill EU veta vad medlemsstaterna anser om uppsamlingsläger för asylsökande. Följande två konkreta frågor ställs avslutningsvis till medlemsstaternas regeringar:

1. Är de beredda att starta pilotprojekt kring uppsamlingsläger?

2. Hur ställer de sig till att deportera människor till länder som inte är deras hemländer?

Frågorna ska ha diskuterats på det senaste sammanträdet den 9 juli med Strategiska kommittén för invandring, gränser och asyl (Scifa) vars representanter arbetar på uppdrag av regeringarna.

Med anledning av detta vill jag fråga statsrådet Heléne Fritzon:

Har statsrådet och regeringen svarat på frågorna i det nämnda dokumentet och vad har man i så fall svarat?

Svar av statsrådet Heléne Fritzon (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 180702:

FARR 18-06-26:

Kampanj inför EU-toppmötet - Svik inte flyktingarna! till sidans topp

I slutet av denna vecka ska EU-ländernas statsministrar försöka komma överens om ett gemensamt asylsystem. Utgångsbudet är ett paket av förslag som på många sätt skulle försämra skyddet för flyktingar. Nu när toppmötet ska fatta beslut har ännu ett drastiskt förslag tillkommit - att upprätta mottagningscenter utanför EU:s gränser.

Urprungsförslaget från EU-kommissionen innehöll vissa bra delar, till exempel om lagliga vägar. Förhandlingarna har gått trögt för att några länder över huvud taget inte vill gå med på något system för fördelning av asylsökande inom EU. Andra länder, som Sverige, har vägrat gå med på en fördelning som låter några länder stå utanför. Istället har ministrarna nu alltså öppnat för att asylsökande ska hållas i läger utanför EU:s gränser. Just nu ser det mörkt ut för de mer humana motförslagen från EU-parlamentet samtidigt som de ursprungliga idéerna som listor över "säkra länder" och många nya restriktioner för asylsökande kan komma att antas.

Läs mer om asylpaketet på FARR:s sidor om Fort Europa!

FARR står bakom den kampanj som Sveriges biståndsorganisationer i samorganisationen CONCORD driver:

Vi kräver att EU:s gemensamma asylsystem:

+ inte försvagar asylrätten eller bryter mot internationella konventioner och de mänskliga rättigheterna!

+ inte hindrar Sverige från att återgå till ordinarie asyllagstiftning med möjlighet till permanenta uppehållstillstånd!

Nu behöver vi din hjälp att påminna regeringen om vikten av ett humant asylsystem som inte stänger dörren för människor i nöd!

Filmen och uttalandet (Extern länk)

Mer information från Concorde (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 180625:

Human Rights Watch 18-06-18:

Towards an effective and principled EU migration policy till sidans topp

Recommendations for Reform

The arrival of over one million asylum seekers and migrants in 2015 set off a political crisis in the European Union (EU), the effects of which are still being felt today. The chaos at borders and the strain on unprepared and under-resourced national asylum systems laid bare serious deficiencies in the EU asylum system.

EU institutions and national governments are drawing the wrong lessons from the challenges of managing mixed migration flows since 2015. The focus of EU policy over the past three years has been on preventing arrivals, outsourcing responsibility to countries outside the EU, and downgrading refugee protection inside the EU.

The current policy responses to migration and asylum from EU institutions and governments pose serious human rights concerns and threaten the integrity of the international refugee protection system. A different approach is possible and necessary. The paper presents Human Rights Watch's recommendations towards an effective and principled approach that ensures EU global leadership on refugee protection, preserves the right to asylum, more equitably shares responsibility among EU member states, safeguards the rights of all migrants and allows EU governments to control their borders.

The EU's Current Approach

Outsourcing Responsibility

"Externalization"-the prevention of irregular arrivals by outsourcing migration management and border controls to regions and countries outside the EU, including the processing of refugees and asylum seekers-has become a central plank in the EU's response to mixed migration flows. Externalization is not per se harmful as a policy approach. It can lead to improvements in protection capacity in transit countries and countries of first arrival. However, in practice, EU externalization policy often leads to the violation of people's rights.

(...)

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Dokumentet i pdf-format (Extern länk till pdf-fil)

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Amnesty International 18-06-22:

Europe's asylum system is broken and leaders must fix it till sidans topp

There is an urgent need for a new asylum system that is fair, efficient and compassionate said Amnesty International ahead of a mini-Summit of European leaders this Sunday and the European Council meeting next week.

EU heads of state and government are expected to use the events to discuss measures to strengthen further control of the EU external borders and the reform of the Dublin Regulation.

"Instead of concentrating on striking an agreement on Dublin reform, some EU leaders have come up with a last-minute pitch of having docking platforms for refugees and asylum-seekers - a notion as irresponsible as it is dangerous," said Iverna McGowan, Director of Amnesty International's European Institutions Office.

"The challenges of our times demand more courageous leadership from the Council. The people of Europe and those seeking refuge deserve no less."

Recently leaked draft Council Conclusions include measures like stepping up support for the Libyan Coast Guard and other Libyan entities. This approach has led to human rights violations and with people sent back to Libya suffering further abuses including torture, rape and other forms of violence.

"The logic of passing the responsibility for receiving asylum-seekers and refugees to neighbouring countries either inside or outside Europe, is deeply flawed and not sustainable. Member States must find solidarity-based solutions both amongst themselves and with the regions outside Europe," said Iverna McGowan.

"By referring to the EU's founding principles of respect for human rights and solidarity between member states, this generation of European leaders must deliver a sustainable solution to one of the most pressing issues of our time."

Background

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 170628:

Europarådet 17-06-19:

European countries must lift obstacles to reunification of refugee families till sidans topp

"The right to family reunification is a fundamental part of the right to family life, which is protected by international human rights law. This right is particularly important for refugees in Europe. Because of the dangers they face at home, their only option to enjoy their right to family life is to bring their families to Europe. Regrettably, many European countries are limiting refugees' access to this right through restrictive measures which are unjust, unlawful and cause immense hardship for refugees and their families. This has to change", says today Nils Mui?nieks, Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights, while releasing a report which aims at helping Council of Europe member states adopt a more humane and human rights oriented policy on family reunification for refugees and beneficiaries of international protection.

The paper highlights the European and international standards which govern this field. It refers to concrete national cases where restrictive measures have been adopted. These include excessively long waiting periods before being allowed to apply for family reunification; discriminatory distinctions between refugees and beneficiaries of international protection; limitations to residence status; an overly narrow definition of family members; routine use of DNA and other biometric assessments; and difficult access to places where family reunification procedures can be initiated.

To remedy this situation, the Commissioner sets forth 36 recommendations to help member states adopt laws and policies which uphold refugees' right to reunite with their families in host countries. The recommendations focus in particular on ensuring family reunification is swift and effective; the need to remove practical and financial barriers to family reunification procedures; making these procedures more effective and less discriminatory; broadening the definition of family; and increasing children's protection.

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Arkiveringsdatum 170410:

UNHCR 17-04-07:

UNHCR calls for regional responsibility-sharing till sidans topp

identifying the situation in the Mediterranean as an 'opportunity'

The UN Refugee Agency's protection chief says restrictive policies, like push-backs and border closures, do not stop people from undertaking dangerous journeys, and that joint efforts could be undertaken to address the continued movement of refugees and migrants along the Central Mediterranean.

The protection chief at UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, called today on countries to consider developing a regional mechanism to better deal with the flow of migrants and refugees across the Central Mediterranean, noting that restrictive policies forced people into the hands of people smugglers.

In a speech to the UN General Assembly in New York, Volker Türk, the Assistant High Commissioner for Protection, said that it was essential to "counter the narrative of unmanageable crises and the rhetoric of isolationism", while encouraging States to consider innovative responsibility-sharing mechanisms.

Speaking during a session devoted to migration in the Mediterranean basin, he said: "It may be timely to explore the prospects for developing a comprehensive regional approach for the situation of migrants and refugees crossing the Mediterranean."

He noted that without safety, basic rights, regular status and education for their children, many refugees would be forced to move onward.

So far this year, more than 30,200 refugees and migrants have chanced their lives crossing the Mediterranean Sea to Europe, and at least 905 have died or gone missing making the journey.

(...)

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UNHCR 17-04-05: Security and refugee protection are complementary, says UNHCR (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 170330:

Rädda Barnen 17-03-17:

Avtalet mellan EU och Turkiet - Till vilket pris? till sidans topp

Idag är det 1 år sedan EU ingick ett avtal med Turkiet för att minska antalet människor på flykt som tar sig till EU. Till följd av avtalet sitter nu tusentals familjer och över 5 000 barn fast i fängelselika läger på de grekiska öarna Lesbos, Samos, Chios, Leros, and Kos. Tillvaron är otrygg och barnen mår fruktansvärt dåligt, några har skadat sig själva och till och med försökt ta sina liv.

Våra medarbetare på plats vittnar om hur dåligt barnen mår och fruktar att en generation pojkar och flickor är på väg att utveckla långvariga fysiska och psykiska skador. Och detta sker inte i en avlägsen krigszon, utan mitt framför våra ögon - i Europa.

Självskadebeteende och depressioner bland barnen

I vår rapport som släpps idag kan man läsa om hur barnen, som lever i trånga och otrygga boenden i de fängelselika lägren, visar tecken på ångest, depression och självskadebeteende. Barn som efter en lång och farlig flykt, tvingats leva i tält under vintern, förnekats utbildning, sett människor som försökt begå självmord och bevittnat döda kroppar I lägren.

Det har hänt att barn så unga som nio år, skadat sig själva och mammor har upptäckt självförvållade ärr på sina barns händer när de tvättat dem. Några barn så unga som 12 år har försökt att ta sitt liv.

Avsaknad av trygghet för barnen

Familjer berättar att de inte vågar låta barnen leka för långt från tältet av rädsla för att barnen ska skadas eller utnyttjas. Vår personal berättar om ensamkommande barn som turas om att hålla vakt och sova i skift för att känna sig trygga. Många ensamkommande barn har försvunnit från öarna, möjligen genom att följa med människosmugglare.

Inte värdigt Europa 2017

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Pressmeddelandet (Extern länk)

Save the Children 17-03-18: A Tide of Self-Harm and Depression - summary (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 170214:

Migreurop 17-01-25:

The EU cannot abolish winter: it must instead put an end to the criminal hotspot policy! till sidans topp

At what point does failing to assist a person in danger become a crime? How many deaths are necessary to constitute a crime against humanity? These questions have been raised for years in relation to the thousands of people who have died in the Mediterranean due to the lack of legal routes into the European Union (EU). Today, the increasingly serious situation of thousands of refugees, trapped by freezing temperatures in Greek camps and on the 'Balkan routes', directly challenges the choices made by the EU concerning its 'management of migration flows'.

Last spring, to avoid taking in hundreds of thousands of refugees fleeing conflict in Syria, Iraq and other regions in crisis, European Commission officials and members of the European Council implemented a 'hotspot solution' which evidently failed to take into account meteorological variables: in winter, temperatures drop and the cold is intense, even on the Aegean islands deserted by tourists. Nothing more than tent camps has been put in place for refugees to be 'stored' in while forced returns are organised, considered by European officials and leaders as the best solution to resolve the 'migration crisis'.

It is clear that the European Commission and EU member states never really believed in 'relocation', a measure intended to 'relieve' frontline countries (Greece and Italy) and prevent the hotspots from becoming lasting sites for the banishing of 'undesirables'. In fact, whereas the stated aim is to transfer 63,000 people from Greece to other EU countries by September 2017, less than 8,000 people have so far been able to benefit from this measure.

(...)

Hela uttalandet (Extern länk)

AYS Daily News Digest 07/02: More money, less care and slow relocation (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 170126:

Medicins Sans Frontiers 16-12-23:

Bounties not Bodies: Smugglers profit from sea rescues though no clear alternative till sidans topp

If smugglers take advantage of rescue at sea, so be it. The alternative is letting people drown.

The Financial Times reported that the European Union accuses MSF and other humanitarian organisations running search and rescue operations in the Central Mediterranean of working in collusion with smugglers or at least helping them to carry out their deadly trade. These allegations were made based on an internal report from the European border agency, Frontex. MSF requested Frontex to share this report with us, which they declined. Instead, they refute they accuse humanitarian agencies of collusion, but raise a number of concerns with our search and rescue operations.

Their first point is on the increased overcrowding of the boats and their lower quality compared with previous years. They state that the number of passengers in a 10-12 metre boat has increased from 90 to 160 and also note that "it is common for the rescuers to find bodies of the people who died from asphyxiation and fume inhalation [...] on the bottom of the dinghies." As MSF we can only confirm after having pulled the bodies of numerous people, including pregnant women and unaccompanied minors, from rubber boats so far this year. What Frontex is not answering however is why the boats are of lower quality in 2016? It is possible that the presence of a few boats operated by humanitarian agencies, on top of the massive search and rescue resources deployed by the EU itself, play a role on the quality of the vessels used by the smugglers. However, what has also changed since 2015 is that Operation Sophia, the anti-smuggling EU naval operation has moved to "Phase II" which allows the interception of smugglers, as well as the destruction of their vessels and other assets, in international waters. This provides another possible explanation why smugglers are now using almost exclusively low quality rubber boats. Why spend money on higher quality boats when you know they will be destroyed?

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Arkiveringsdatum 161101:

Migreurop 16-10-26:

A Europe united against refugees till sidans topp

Many observers see in the politics of the European member states a profound divide between the 'old Europe' and the so-called Visegrad group, composed of Hungary, Poland, Czech Republic and Slovakia. In their view, Viktor Orban's xenophobic campaign against the 'enforced relocation of non-Hungarians in Hungary' supported by 98% of voters highlights this division, notwithstanding the small turnout (40% of registered voters) in the vote of October 2.

The reluctance of Visegrad countries to receive refugees is supposedly out of step with the EU 'values'. Yet, despite their election speeches and populist anathemas, the leaders of these states are inspired by the same dominant European principles of border control : denial of freedom of movement for those seeking asylum, and the aim of keeping exiles at an ever-greater distance from the Schengen area, preferably in detention.

Visegrad countries were not alone in protesting when, for a few weeks at the end of 2015, Germany and Austria opened their borders to exiles taking the 'Balkan routes'. This welcoming policy, which broke with all European rules regarding asylum, resulted in a real panic in the heart of the EU and in various member states. Last February, the French prime minister publicly scolded the German chancellor when he said during a visit to Munich, 'We can take no more refugees ... The time has come to put into effect what has been discussed and negotiated : hotspots, controls at exterior borders, etc.' Manuel Valls thus reminded us how, for more than 20 years, the EU has trampled over the founding principles of the right to asylum.

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 160509:

Riksdagen 16-04-22:

Interpellationsdebatt: En mer jämställd asylpolitik till sidans topp

Interpellation 2015/16:490 av Fredrik Schulte (M)

Sverige har tagit västvärldens i särklass största ansvar för människor på flykt. Att Sverige tar ett stort sådant ansvar är i grunden positivt, men mottagandet måste samtidigt fungera på ett bra sätt och utan att samhällsansträngningarna och samhällsproblemen här i Sverige blir för omfattande. Där är vi tyvärr nu. Det svenska asylmottagandet går på knäna med årslånga handläggningstider för att få asylrätten prövad. Vi ser kraftiga belastningar på välfärdssystemet, bristen på bostäder har nu nått den graden att tältläger inrättats och kommuner tvingas uppställa modulboenden för att klara mottagandet.

En annan sidoeffekt är att Sverige nu i rask takt närmar sig samma snedvridna demografiska könsfördelning som Kina har. Detta då en stor merpart av de asylsökande i huvudsak är unga män. Erfarenheterna från till exempel Kina är att detta riskerar att skapa sociala problem, vilket mycket väl kan slå särskilt hårt mot Sverige, då vår arbetsmarknad är västvärldens sämsta på att integrera nyanlända.

Det är också en mycket moraliskt tveksam inriktning på asylmottagandet att arrangera systemet så att det är just män som tas emot samtidigt som kvinnor i större utsträckning fastnar kvar i flyktingläger och krigzoner. Detta rimmar illa med regeringens påståenden om att föra en feministisk utrikespolitik. Ett sätt att hantera detta på är att utjämna denna könsobalans genom att enbart ta emot kvinnliga kvotflyktingar.

Mot bakgrund av ovanstående vill jag fråga justitie- och migrationsminister Morgan Johansson:

Är ministern beredd att ta initiativ till att ur jämställdhetssynpunkt jämna ut könsobalansen bland nyanlända genom att enbart ta emot kvinnor som kvotflyktingar?

Interpellationen och debatten i utskrift (Extern länk)

Debatten i webb-tv (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 160315:

Riksdagen 16-03-03:

Riksdagens frågestund: Flyktingsituationen i Grekland till sidans topp

Anf. 35 RASMUS LING (MP):

Fru talman! Ingen har nog undgått hur flyktingsituationen ser ut i Grekland i dessa dagar. Jag var tillsammans med en delegation från Miljöpartiet på Samos för ett par veckor sedan. Jag tror inte att det är många som är oberörda av att se flytvästar i vattnet och på stränderna och också hur hjältarna i de gula båtarna räddar människor på Medelhavet varje dag.

Förra året kom det ungefär 850 000 människor till Grekland. Jag skulle vilja fråga migrationsministern hur han arbetar i den här situationen för att fler länder i Europa ska kunna ta ett gemensamt ansvar i frågan och hur Sverige särskilt kan underlätta för Grekland i detta kritiska läge.

Anf. 36 Justitie- och migrationsminister MORGAN JOHANSSON (S):

Fru talman! Jag tror att vi alla är överens om att vi inte kan tillåta att Grekland blir ett enda stort flyktingläger och att utvecklingen går åt det hållet. Vi måste se till att hjälpas åt som EU-medlemmar för att underlätta Greklands situation och kunna få kontroll över situationen.

Detta är en fråga som verkligen prövar hela Europeiska unionen och solidariteten mellan våra länder. Det är viktigt att alla EU:s medlemsstater lever upp till våra grundläggande värderingar. Solidaritet mellan våra länder är en del av det men också människovärde och att vi ser till att behandla de människor som nu kommer till Europa på ett värdigt sätt.

Jag tror att det är tre saker som måste ske. Det första är att man får kontroll över gränsen mellan Turkiet och Grekland så att det inte bara fortsätter att fyllas på med människor som flyr. För det krävs ett avtal med Turkiet.

Det andra som måste ske är att vi klarar av att evakuera människor från Grekland till övriga EU i enlighet med de beslut som vi har fattat inom Europeiska unionen.

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 160301:

Statewatch February 2016:

Europe must do more..." Hasn't it done enough? till sidans topp

by Yasha Maccanico

20 years of restrictive EU immigration policy have - inevitably - led us to the current situation: A sweeping in-depth analysis

"The greatest mistake would be to analyse the current situation and try to resolve it by following the same policy principles and approaches which produced it, as the EU is currently doing, by intensifying and militarising them. The current model has been based on restricting "illegal" or "irregular" immigration as absolute policy goals, by portraying the figure of the irregular and illegal migrant,...

a refusal to acknowledge the problems caused by immigration policy, suggest that the only means of tackling this issue with any positive prospects is to stabilise it and analyse its shortcomings and failures, with a view to scaling it down. This may be done by treating immigration policy, rather than the "illegal entry" of third-country nationals which may prove beneficial in the medium/long term, as a "risk factor" or "security threat" which is leading towards authoritarian state power, undermining important and long-established principles which the EU recognises as cornerstones of its project, even as it dismantles them."

Läs eller hämta analysen (Extern länk till pdf-fil)

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UNHCR 16-02-19:

UN agencies call for enhancing safety for refugees and migrants till sidans topp

Joint UNHCR, UNICEF, IOM Press Release

An average of two children have drowned every day since September 2015 as their families try to cross the eastern Mediterranean, and the number of child deaths is growing said IOM, UNHCR, and UNICEF. The agencies are calling for enhancing the safety of those escaping conflict and despair.

Since last September, when the tragic death of toddler Aylan Kurdi captured the world's attention, more than 340 children, many of them babies and toddlers, have drowned in the eastern Mediterranean. The total number of children who have died may be even greater, the agencies say, their bodies lost at sea.

"We cannot turn our faces away from the tragedy of so many innocent young lives and futures lost - or fail to address the dangers so many more children are facing," said UNICEF Executive Director Anthony Lake. "We may not have the ability now to end the desperation that causes so many people to try to cross the sea, but countries can and must cooperate to make such dangerous journeys safer. No one puts a child in a boat if a safer option is available."

The stretch of the Aegean Sea between Turkey and Greece is among the deadliest routes in the world for refugees and migrants. The winter's rough seas, overloading and the poor quality of boats and lifesaving equipment increase the risk of capsizing, making the journey significantly more dangerous.

(...)

Hela det gemensamma uttalandet (Extern länk)

UNHCHR 16-02-25: Five-country police agreement exacerbates crisis and puts vulnerable migrants at risk (Extern länk)

Unicef Sverige 16-02-22: Varje dag dör två barn på Medelhavet (Extern länk)

Europarådet 16-02-26: Nils Muiznieks: Europe trapped in migration "vicious circle" (Extern länk)

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UNHCR 16-02-23:

UNHCR concerned by build up along borders and additional hardships for refugees till sidans topp

UNHCR is concerned by recent restrictive practices adopted in a number of European countries that are placing additional undue hardships on refugees and asylum-seekers across Europe, creating chaos at several border points, and putting particular pressure on Greece as it struggles to deal with larger numbers of people in need of accommodation and services.

(...)

The domino effect of Austria and Slovenia's daily caps and their joint approach with Croatia, Serbia and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia has already resulted in a buildup of refugees and asylum-seekers and migrants in Greece and in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, where nearly 700 people, mostly Afghan nationals, have been barred from accessing admission into Serbia. In order to support a joint approach and to allay fears and potential chaos, States need to inform refugees and asylum seekers of their procedures, including clear details on the criteria for access to admission, asylum or return, in line with applicable laws.

(...)

Some 85% of those arriving to Europe come from the top ten refugee producing countries. Most are fleeing war and persecution and in need of international protection. They risk their lives and the lives of their children fleeing the inhumanity and tragedy of conflicts and persecution in their homelands - places like Aleppo that is once again in the news. And yet, with every passing week, it appears some European countries are focusing on keeping refugees and migrants out more than on responsibly managing the flow and working on common solutions. Some States are shifting problems onward rather than trying to genuinely share responsibility and show solidarity with one another and with those in need of protection.

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 160217:

UNHCR 16-02-12:

UNHCR concerned over increasing restrictive measures till sidans topp

This is a summary of what was said by UNHCR spokesperson Melissa Fleming - to whom quoted text may be attributed - at the press briefing, on 12 February 2016, at the Palais des Nations in Geneva.

(...)

More needs to be done to reinforce reception capacities at the points of entry to Europe, to allow for the humane and effective accommodation, assistance, registration and security screening of people arriving every day. This is needed to identify those requiring protection, those who should be relocated to other countries within the EU, and those who do not qualify for refugee protection and for whom effective and dignified return mechanisms have to be put in place.

Regrettably, the first six weeks of 2016 have also seen multiple developments in Europe suggesting that some countries are prioritizing keeping refugees and migrants out over finding realistic solutions. Since the start of 2016 border control measures have been tightened in many European States. Despite repeated calls by UNHCR to expand legal pathways to allow refugees and asylum seekers to access asylum, many European Member States are in fact reducing the legal avenues available.

On the legal front, restrictive measures on family reunification were imposed in January in Denmark, with refugees now only able to apply for their family to join them after three years, instead of one. Other countries are contemplating similar or even more restrictive legislation at a time where European countries need to improve the legal and secured ways to access family reunion and thus combat smuggling.

Recent successive announcements of national measures aiming at trying to appear more unattractive than the neighboring country only underlines the dire need for an effective comprehensive European response, the problems cannot simply be shifted from one country to another. A race to the bottom helps no-one.

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 151222:

EESC 15-12-10:

Resolution of the European Economic and Social Committee on Refugees till sidans topp

At its plenary session of 9 and 10 December 2015 (meeting of 10 December), the European Economic and Social Committee adopted this resolution by 174 to 8 with 9 abstentions.

1. The EESC wholeheartedly appreciates the important work civil society is playing in dealing with the refugees fleeing from war-torn countries, and who, therefore, deserve protection according to the Geneva Convention. Without this response, the tragic humanitarian situation which has unfolded in many European countries could have been catastrophic. The European Economic and Social Committee is directly committed to giving voice to this reality, to ensure that it is properly taken into account by the European institutions, governments and other political actors.

2. The EESC is currently organising visits to meet with civil society organisations offering assistance to refugees in 11 Member States (Hungary, Poland, Malta, Greece, Germany, Austria, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Sweden, Italy, Croatia) and Turkey, as these countries are most affected by the flow of refugees. As the representative body of organised civil society to the European institutions, we will act as their voice at European level.

(...)

Hela resolutionen (Extern länk)

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Riksdagen 15-12-18:

Interpellationsdebatt: EU:s yttre gränskontroll till sidans topp

Interpellation 2015/16:158 av Désirée Pethrus (KD)

Avsaknaden av kontroller vid de inre gränserna och det ökande antalet resande till EU kräver en gemensam effektiv förvaltning av EU:s gemensamma yttre gränser. I dag har Frontex uppgiften att bevaka EU:s yttre gränser. I de strategiska riktlinjerna på området med frihet, säkerhet och rättvisa som antogs i juni 2014 uppmanade Europeiska rådet till flera åtgärder i fråga om gränsförvaltning.

(...)

I samband med EU:s toppmöte den 15 oktober diskuterades hur man ska hantera migrationsströmmen och det konstaterades att de grekiska insatserna inte räcker för att hantera migrationsflödet. I stället måste kontrollen av EU:s yttre gränser skärpas.

Trots det uppkomna läget markerade märkligt nog Sveriges statsminister Stefan Löfven under toppmötet att EU inte ska få mandat att sköta den yttre gränsbevakningen. I stället kvarstår ambitionen att gränsbevakningarna sköts nationellt. Här behövs ett klargörande från regeringen. Vad är det man menar då regeringen inte ser någon anledning att upprätta nationella gränskontroller?

(...)

Regeringen uppger ofta att Sverige är ensamt om att driva fler legala vägar in i EU. Men den största partigruppen inom EU, EPP har det på sin agenda. Så det måste kunna gå att driva.

Med hänvisning till det anförda vill jag fråga justitie- och migrationsminister Morgan Johansson:

1 Varför motsätter sig regeringen att EU tar på sig ansvaret för bevakningen och kontrollen av EU:s yttre gränskontroll?

2 Vad gör ministern och regeringen för att främja möjligheten till att söka humanitära visum utanför EU?

Protokoll med svar av statsrådet Anders Ygeman (S) (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 151025:

Amnesty International October 2015:

8 ways to solve the world refugee crisis till sidans topp

A broken system

The world's system for protecting refugees is broken. It is obvious - from Australia to South Sudan's vast camps, from Istanbul's cold streets to the European Union's heavily fortified walls.

Worldwide, 19.5 million people have been forced to seek sanctuary abroad. Governments have a duty to help them. But most rich countries are still treating refugees as somebody else's problem. Hiding behind closed borders and fears of being "flooded", they have conveniently allowed poorer, mainly Middle Eastern, African and South Asian countries, to host an incredible 86% of all refugees.

And by ignoring most appeals for humanitarian aid, they have left UN agencies so broke they can't even feed many refugees properly anymore.

This has to change, now. Amnesty is putting forward eight solutions for how world leaders - in particular the richest countries - can start tackling this massive humanitarian crisis together.

Eight ways to solve the crisis

1. Opening up safe routes to sanctuary for refugees is one important solution. That means allowing people to reunite with their relatives, and giving refugees visas so they don't have to spend their life savings and risk drowning to reach safety.

2. It also means resettling all refugees who need it. Resettlement is a vital solution for the most vulnerable refugees - including torture survivors and people with serious medical problems.

Right now, 1.15 million people urgently need this lifeline. But so far, the world's wealthiest nations are offering to resettle less than 10% every year. Amnesty estimates that 1.45 million refugees will need resettlement by end-2017.

Saving lives

(...)

Hela uttalandet (Extern länk)

Amnesty International 15-10-12: Global Refugee Crisis - by the numbers (Extern länk)

Amnesty International 15-10-12: Catastrophic moral failure as rich countries leave millions of refugees to cruel and uncertain fates (Extern länk)

Salil Shetty, Secretary General of Amnesty International 15-10-12: A warning to the leaders of the rich world (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 150920:

Socialdemokratiska Studentförbundet 15-09-08:

Socialdemokratiska studentförbundet kräver att Sverige och Löfven gör mer till sidans topp

Sverige gör mycket, men kan göra mycket mer. Det engagemang som människor visar är enormt och det gör skillnad. Men varken enskilda individer eller välgörenhet kan ta hela ansvaret. Det krävs politiska svar och lösningar.

Inför statsminister Stefan Löfvens möte med Angela Merkel kräver Socialdemokratiska studentförbundet att Sverige gör mer. Vi har stora förhoppningar inför mötet. Läget är akut och något land måste visa vägen.

Socialdemokratiska studentförbundet presenterar därför flera politiska förändringar vi önskar Sverige ska göra:

+ Säkra och lagliga vägar in i Europa. Problemet är att människor måste riskera livet för att ta sig in i Europa och Sverige. Därför anser vi att transportörsansvaret ska avskaffas. Vi vill också att människor ges möjligheten att söka asyl vid EU-ländernas ambassader utomlands eller genom att utfärda asylviseringar där asylsökande ges visum för att resa till Sverige för en säker asylprövning.

+ Höj flyktingkvoten. Sverige tar idag emot 1900 av de mest utsatta flyktingarna som fortfarande befinner sig i konfliktens närområde. Denna kvot bör omedelbart höjas.

+ Sluta tillämpa Dublinförordningen. Tyskland har beslutat att sluta tillämpa Dublinförordningen, och slutat skicka tillbaka flyktingar till länder som Ungern och Grekland. Även Sverige bör sluta tillämpa Dublinförordningen.

+ Hela Europa måste ta ansvar och hjälpas åt. Men läget är akut och något land måste visa vägen. Sverige gör mycket men kan göra så mycket mer.

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Arkiveringsdatum 150625:

FRA 15-06-19:

EU Agency for Human Rights: Ease refugee suffering through legal entry to Europe till sidans topp

The number of refugees, asylum seekers and internally-displaced people worldwide has reached its highest peak since World War II. At the same time, record numbers of people are dying in the Mediterranean Sea while making perilous sea crossings. On the eve of World Refugee Day on 20 June, it is time to remind ourselves of the need for comprehensive EU-wide solutions that look into the root causes of migration while safeguarding the rights of refugees trying to enter the EU.

"People fleeing turmoil in their home countries continue to die in horrific circumstances in the Mediterranean," said FRA interim Director Constantinos Manolopoulos. "The EU has proposed a way forward for all parties to collectively find ways to address the challenges that the EU and refugees are currently facing. Member States for their part must work together to ensure refugees are not exploited and receive the help they need."

Throughout the EU, the issue of migration and how to tackle the large numbers of people fleeing persecution or upheaval in their home countries continues to be a challenge. Meanwhile, many refugees are dying- so far almost 1900 people this year. They are often victims of smugglers that are financially exploiting the desperate situation of people who need protection.

The recent EU Agenda for Migration is an important step forward. It makes concrete suggestions about how to deal with this challenge. Measures include resettlement and the opening of other legal channels for people in need of protection to reach the EU without having to resort to dangerous crossings. FRA has also proposed increasing the availability of legal avenues for such people. This would help address the plight of the most vulnerable refugees and those whose safety in the current country of asylum is at risk. At the same time, legal migration schemes could be opened up to refugees, thus recognising the fact that people who need protection are often also workers, researchers or entrepreneurs.

(...)

Hela uttalandet (Extern länk)

Se även:

Läkare Utan Gränser 15-06-23: EU får inte fly sitt ansvar för Medelhavskrisen (Extern länk)

Fria Tidningen 15-06-17: UNHCR kräver lagliga vägar (Extern länk)

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Amnesty International 15-06-15:

World leaders' neglect of refugees condemns millions to death and despair till sidans topp

World leaders are condemning millions of refugees to an unbearable existence and thousands to death by failing to provide essential humanitarian protection, said Amnesty International as it published a new briefing in Beirut today, ahead of World Refugee Day on 20 June.

The Global Refugee Crisis: A conspiracy of neglect explores the startling suffering of millions of refugees, from Lebanon to Kenya, the Andaman Sea to the Mediterranean Sea, and calls for a radical change in the way the world deals with refugees.

"We are witnessing the worst refugee crisis of our era, with millions of women, men and children struggling to survive amidst brutal wars, networks of people traffickers and governments who pursue selfish political interests instead of showing basic human compassion," said Salil Shetty, Amnesty International's Secretary General.

"The refugee crisis is one of the defining challenges of the 21st century, but the response of the international community has been a shameful failure. We need a radical overhaul of policy and practice to create a coherent and comprehensive global strategy."

Amnesty International is setting out a proposal to reinvigorate the system for refugee protection and urging states to make firm commitments to live up to their individual legal obligations and renew their commitment to international responsibility-sharing. Amongst the actions Amnesty International is urging governments to take are:

+ A commitment to collectively resettle the one million refugees who currently need resettlement over the next four years.

+ To establish a global refugee fund that will fulfil all UN humanitarian appeals for refugee crises and provide financial support to countries hosting large numbers of refugees.

+ The global ratification of the UN Refugee Convention.

(...)

Hela uttalandet (Extern länk)

Hämta rapporten (Extern länk)

Anna Shea, Amnesty 15-06-20: World Refugee Day: Governments, not smugglers, are the real problem (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 150608:

Amnesty International 15-06-02:

Is hope on the horizon for refugees and migrants in the Mediterranean? till sidans topp

When as many as 1,200 refugees and migrants drowned in two shipwrecks during just one week in April, hundreds of thousands of people stood up to protest. And finally, Europe's politicians faced the fact that the Mediterranean Sea is turning into a cemetery. Will the EU's brand new plans for tackling the crisis mean good news for refugees and migrants? Here's a quick guide.

1. How will EU leaders stop more people drowning in the Mediterranean?

By stepping up search and rescue missions. More ships will patrol the central Mediterranean, closer to where migrants often run into trouble, instead of just 30 miles from the EU's own shores. Some governments have also sent extra military ships. Funding for EU border control has been tripled, and member countries are being asked offer more refugees safe and legal ways to get to Europe (see below), instead of risking their lives at sea.

2. Won't better search rescue operations make more people come over?

There is no evidence to support this claim. The number of refugees and migrants travelling by sea actually increased after Italy stopped its Mare Nostrum rescue mission in October 2014. Most people are simply focused on escaping extremely harsh circumstances - even if the journey to Europe might kill them. For many, the sea is the only route to safety left.

3. Will destroying boats used to smuggle people help?

It's not clear how governments can destroy the boats smugglers use without putting refugees and migrants in danger. It risks trapping tens of thousands of migrants and refugees in a violent conflict zone. It could also distract EU ships and planes from saving people's lives at sea. And all of this could push people to try entering Fortress Europe in even more dangerous ways.

4. Will Europe open up to more refugees?

(...)

Läs mer (Extern länk)

Take action: Over 320,000 people have signed our #SOSEurope campaign petition - join them (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 150529:

Riksdagen 15-05-21:

Riksdagens frågestund: Flyktingsituationen i Libyen till sidans topp

Fru talman! Min fråga är till vice statsminister Åsa Romson.

Amnesty rapporterade i förra veckan om det totala kaos som nu råder i Libyen. Det är ett kaos där både smugglare och olika militära grupperingar - även det som sägs vara officiell libysk militär - tillfångatar, misshandlar, torterar, våldtar och utpressar flyktingar som befinner sig i landet.

Amnesty varnar för att den militära EU-operation som nu planeras för att förstöra båtar och hindra dem från att ta sig till Europa kommer att göra situationen för flyktingar i Libyen ännu värre eftersom människor då inte har några möjligheter att ta sig från detta helvete. Det finns dessutom risk att operationen kostar civila människoliv.

Vänsterpartiet delar Amnestys oro, och min fråga är: Hur kan en feministisk regering som vill stå upp för mänskliga rättigheter gå med på det här?

Anf. 43 Klimat- och miljöminister ÅSA ROMSON (MP):

Fru talman! Jag vet att Christina Höj Larsen och jag och regeringen delar uppfattningen att detta är en tragedi och att det ligger ett stort globalt ansvar på oss för den flyktingsituation vi har i dag, inte minst i Libyen, med tanke på de katastrofer som har ägt rum på Medelhavet.

Jag vet också att vi delar ambitionen att liv inte ska sättas på spel ännu mer för de fattiga människor som flyr undan dessa våldsamheter, vare sig i Libyen eller på Medelhavet.

Jag är glad att Sverige - tyvärr som en av få regeringar - stod upp på EU:s toppmöte. Stefan Löfven var en statsminister som stod upp och fick till ändringar i de regelverk som man diskuterade när det gäller den ambitionsnivå man ska ha nu.

Vi kräver också att internationella folkrättsliga lagar ska gälla. Diskussion pågår om hur EU ska genomföra detta.

Anf. 44 CHRISTINA HÖJ LARSEN (V):

(...)

Hela debatten (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 150429:

FRA 15-04-20:

FRA reiterates call for rights-based EU policy following latest deaths in Mediterranean till sidans topp

As up to 950 people are feared dead in the latest tragedy in the Mediterranean Sea, FRA reiterates its call for a holistic, fundamental rights-oriented EU migration policy in order to save lives and combat the smugglers that seek to make financial gain out of the desperate situation of people in need of protection.

"Adults and children fleeing persecution or simply seeking a better future for themselves or their families are dying in horrific circumstances," said FRA interim Director Constantinos Manolopoulos. "No single country or organisation can solve this issue alone, and this is why we need to redouble our efforts in the EU to develop a comprehensive migration policy based on solidarity - both with the migrants and with each other."

With figures from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees showing that the number of refugees, asylum seekers and internally displaced people worldwide reached its highest mark since the Second World War, solutions are urgently needed. FRA has argued for a fundamental rights-based approach to border surveillance with greater cooperation between EU Member States and third countries, as well as an increase in the number of legal avenues by which those in need of international protection can reach the EU.

In this context, EU Migration, Home Affairs and Citizenship Commissioner Dimitris Avramopoulos said at FRA's 2014 Fundamental Rights Conference that one of the reasons for so many lost lives is that it is too difficult for people seeking protection to enter the EU legally. A recent FRA paper discusses the lack of legal entry options and proposes ways of increasing access to the EU for people in need of international protection, helping to make the right to asylum set forth in Article 18 of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights a reality for refugees and other people in need of international protection.

Pressmeddelandet (Extern länk)

For more information, see FRA's report Fundamental rights at Europe's southern sea borders (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 150305:

UNHCR 15-02-26:

UNHCR Antonio Guterres - Speech to the UN Security Council till sidans topp

/Utdrag:/

As High Commissioner for Refugees, it breaks my heart to see Syrian families fleeing from a horrible war, forced to risk their lives again, on unsafe boats, to find protection in Europe. Since the start of 2015, over 370 people have died trying to cross the Mediterranean - that's one person drowning for every twenty who made it. But Italy's Mare Nostrum operation has ended, and the EU's Triton initiative is limited both in mandate and in resources. Europe must step up its capacity to save lives, with a robust search and rescue operation in the Central Mediterranean - or thousands more, including many, many Syrians, will perish.

To reduce the number of people getting on boats in the first place, more legal avenues are needed for Syrians to seek protection in third countries. Several States provide resettlement and humanitarian admission programmes, but the needs far exceed available spaces. We believe one-tenth of the Syrian refugees would require resettlement as the adequate solution for their protection situation. Flexible visa policies, expanded family reunification, academic scholarships and private sponsor schemes must complement these measures. Following the example of countries like Germany and Sweden, other States in Europe and the Gulf region should consider offering legal access with more opportunities, so as to alleviate some of the pressure on Syria's neighbours and give more refugees an alternative way of reaching safety.

Without such alternatives, the number of people taking to the seas will continue to grow. And not only are they facing serious human rights violations at the hands of smugglers and traffickers. We now also see armed groups threatening to enter the smuggling business for their own purposes of sowing fear.

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Arkiveringsdatum 150221:

Röda Korset 15-02-11:

"Den rådande migrationspolitiken är inhuman och kostar liv" till sidans topp

Röda Korset är djupt berörda av nyheten om att fler än 300 personer misstänks ha omkommit på Medelhavet de senaste dagarna. Under årets första dagar har nu 30 gånger fler migranter dött på väg till Europa från Afrika än under samma period förra året, då det uppsökande räddningsprogrammet Mare Nostrum fortfarande pågick.

Det finns inget som säger att Mare Nostrum skulle ha räddat de kvinnor, män och barn som nu frusit ihjäl eller drunknat, men klart är att det i dagsläget inte finns något likvärdigt projekt som kan ersätta verksamheten. Röda Korset menar att EU måste analysera konsekvenserna av detta och agera kraftfullare för att rädda migranters liv. Det nuvarande gränskontrollprojekt Triton är alltför begränsat och har inte till syfte att ge effektiv hjälp till migranter.

- Människor på flykt som befinner sig i en utsatt situation ska tillförsäkras nödvändig humanitär hjälp, säger Alexandra Segenstedt, migrationsrådgivare på Svenska Röda Korset. Den rådande migrationspolitiken är inhuman och kostar liv. Det behövs legala och säkra vägar in i Europa så att människor på flykt inte tvingas ombord på livsfarliga båtar för att ta sig hit. Vi måste också på allvar börja diskutera föreslagna alternativ som humanitära visum, vidarebosättning och ökad möjlighet till familjeåterförening.

Enligt FN:s flyktingorgan UNHCR har nästan 3 500 personer dött på Medelhavet under 2014. Det gör Medelhavet till det farligaste havet att ta sig över för migranter. Röda Korset anser att EU bör respektera och tillämpa europeisk flyktingrätt och principerna om de mänskliga rättigheterna vid Europas gränser.

- Vidare ska inte människor som söker asyl straffbeläggas vid illegal inresa, säger Alexandra Segenstedt. Migranterna har även rätt till en rättssäker och effektiv process för att kunna söka asyl och överklaga beslut om avvisning utefter hela flyktvägen.

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Arkiveringsdatum 150211:

Europarådet 15-02-04:

Syrian refugees crisis - "Reset" needed in Europe's approach till sidans topp

The Commissioner's Human Rights Comments

Just over a year ago, I decided to follow the steps of Syrian refugees in Europe, to better understand what they were going through. At that time, I was worried that most European governments were reacting with indifference to the biggest refugee crisis facing our continent in over two decades. There were reports of Syrian refugees being pushed back, while others, having arrived in Europe, ended up in detention. Turkey was the only country to have opened its arms to Syrians in need. Elsewhere in Europe, Germany, Sweden and Armenia had taken steps to receive a limited number of Syrians through resettlement and other forms of admission, while other countries were lagging behind. I concluded that Europe had failed to rise to the challenge and was neglecting this crisis.

The crisis widened and deepened in 2014

In the week spanning the passage from 2014 to 2015, more than 1 000 refugees, the majority of whom were Syrians, were rescued from two overcrowded "ghost ships" towed ashore in Italy. Their arrival caused alarm and prompted new promises that Europe would increase its efforts to primarily fight smugglers in the Mediterranean. Yet, the situation of Syrian refugees gives far more cause for alarm than that.

In 2014, the scale of the Syrian refugee crisis continued to grow exponentially. Syrians have become the largest refugee group in the world under the UNHCR mandate, the vast majority of them - over 3.8 million - still being hosted by Syria's neighbouring countries. The number of Syrian refugees has by now exceeded 1.6 million in Turkey, 1.1 million in Lebanon, and 620 000 in Jordan.

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Källor: Informationen på denna sida är hämtad från följande källor (externa länkar): EU (kommissionen, ministerrådet, parlamentet och domstolen), Europarådet (mr-kommissionären, domstolen, kommittén mot tortyr), FN:s flyktingkommissariat UNHCR, FN:s kommitté mot tortyr m.fl. FN-organ, svenska media via Eniro och pressmeddelanden via Newsdesk, utländska media främst via I Care och IRR, internationella organisationer som Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, ECRE, ENAR, Statewatch, Noborder och Picum, organisationer i Sverige som Rädda Barnen, Röda Korset, Svenska Amnesty, FARR, Rosengrenska och InfoTorg Juridik (betaltjänst) samt myndigheter och politiska organ som Migrationsverket, Sveriges domstolar, JO, Justitiedepartementet m.fl. departement och Sveriges Riksdag.

Bevakning: Josefin Åström, Hjalte Lagercrantz, Karin Nilsson Kelly, Sanna Vestin. Sammanställning: Sanna Vestin. Asylnytt är ett ideellt projekt.