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Arkivet har startat om och saknar material från perioden 180119 - 180513

Arkiveringsdatum 190620:

Europarådet 19-06-18:

Member states must assume more responsibility for rescuing migrants at sea till sidans topp

"European states' approach to migration in the Mediterranean Sea has become much too focused on preventing refugees and migrants from reaching European shores, and too little on the humanitarian and human rights aspects. This approach is having tragic consequences", said Dunja Mijatovi?, Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights, while releasing a Recommendation today which identifies the deficiencies of this approach, and aims at helping member states to reframe their response according to human rights standards.

"A number of states have adopted laws, policies and practices contrary to their legal obligations to ensure effective search and rescue operations, swift and safe disembarkation and treatment of rescued people, as well as the prevention of torture, inhumane or degrading treatment", says the Commissioner.

"Whilst states have the right to control their borders and ensure security, they also have the duty to effectively protect the rights enshrined in maritime, human rights and refugee laws", says the Commissioner.

The 35 recommendations contained in the paper aim to help all Council of Europe member states find the right balance between these imperatives. They articulate around five main subject areas: ensuring effective search and rescue coordination; guaranteeing the safe and timely disembarkation of rescued people; co-operating effectively with NGOs; preventing human rights violations while co-operating with third countries; and providing accessible safe and legal routes to Europe.

(...)

Hela pressmeddelandet (Extern länk)

Read the Commissioner's Recommendation on rescuing migrants at sea (Extern länk)

Watch a video summary of the Recommendation (Extern länk)

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Statewatch 19-06-19:

EU must rethink migration policy that empowers "unaccountable militias and regimes" till sidans topp

A coalition of civil society organisations working for democracy and human rights in Africa have accused the EU and its member states of empowering "unaccountable militias and regimes" and "undermining rule of law, good governance, respect for human rights and the role of civil society" through activities undertaken as part of the EU-driven 'Khartoum Process' and the EU Trust Fund for Africa.

In an open letter addressed to Donald Tusk and other high-level EU officials in the run-up to the European Council meeting next week, over 20 different rights groups take aim at the Khartoum Process, designed to address the root causes of migration in the Horn of Africa; and the EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa, introduced after the 2015 Valletta Conference between EU and African Union heads of state.

The letter says the EU's externalised migration policies in Sudan have "directly benefitted and emboldened militia such as [the] Rapid Support Forces (RSF), the former Janjiweed by their own admission," who have "allegedly raped and murdered hundreds of protesters in recent months" during attempts to repress the uprising in the sub-Saharan state.

The letter also cites five different legal cases recently brought against the EU and its member states, concerning the funding of detention centres in Libya; support for the 'Libyan Coast Guard'; attempts to block rescue missions in the Mediterranean; the funding of projects using forced labour in Eritrea; and most recently the submission to the International Criminal Court concerning crimes resulting from EU policies in the Central Mediterranean and Libya.

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 190609:

UNHCR June 2019:

UNHCR's recommendations for the Finnish Presidency of the Council of the EU till sidans topp

The Republic of Finland (hereafter Finland) will hold the Presidency of the Council of the European Union (EU) at a critical juncture, against the backdrop of the 2019 European Parliament elections, the formation of a new European Commission, the last phase of the Multi-annual Financial Framework (MFF) negotiations and the ongoing discussions on the reform of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS).

In this context, UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, outlines the following key protection priorities for the Finnish Presidency:

+ In line with the Global Compact on Refugees (GCR), protect refugees better through enhanced responsibility sharing in the EU and globally;

+ Foster the development of fair, effective and well-managed asylum systems, including through the implementation/reform of a protection-oriented CEAS; and

+ Promote EU MS pledges ahead of the 2019 High-Level Segment on statelessness.

These priorities form the foundation of UNHCR's full recommendations for the Finnish Presidency, and are to be read in conjunction with UNHCR's "Better Protecting Refugees in the EU and Globally", which sets out the organization's proposals for EU asylum and migration policies.

(...)

UNHCR recommends that the Finnish Presidency:

+ Plays a crucial role in ensuring that negotiations do not lose sight of the right to asylum that requires access to the territory to have meaning, as guaranteed by the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights.

Läs eller hämta dokumentet (Extern länk)

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Europarådets parlament 19-05-31:

Member States must halt 'pushback' policies and expulsion of migrants till sidans topp

The Migration Committee, meeting in Zürich, on 29th May expressed concern at the persistent practice and policy of pushbacks, which are in violation of the rights of asylum-seekers and refugees, including the right to asylum and the right to protection against refoulement, at the core of international refugee law.

These pushbacks take place at EU borders as well as on the territory of member States further inland and are partly a consequence of the shortcomings of the Dublin Regulation and of the failure of attempts to introduce fair responsibility-sharing in Europe, explains the report by Tineke Strik (Netherlands, SOC) adopted by the committee.

The parliamentarians are also concerned at reports and evidence of inhuman and degrading treatment of member States and their agencies in the framework of those pushbacks, through intimidation, the confiscation or destruction of migrants' property, the use of violence or depriving them of food and basic services.

Faced with the seriousness of this phenomenon, the committee has formulated a set of recommendations to member States with respect to border controls; services at borders; legal assistance; medical and psychological assistance, and NGOs.

It called on States to put an end to any measure or policy leading to pushbacks or expulsions; to inform migrants at borders about their legal position and their right to apply for international protection in languages they can understand; and to ensure the registration and processing of asylum applications.

In addition, States should consider NGOs as partners and not undermine their legitimate activities aimed at saving human lives, while refraining from using stigmatising rhetoric, the committee said.

(...)

Läs mer och hämta rapporten (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 190415:

Amnesty International 19-03-27:

Diminished "Operation Sophia" abandons refugees to reckless Libyan Coast Guard till sidans topp

Reacting to reports that EU governments have agreed to significantly downscale the EunavforMed Operation 'Sophia', withdrawing ships from the central Mediterranean and only continuing the mission with air surveillance, Massimo Moratti, Amnesty International's Researcher Director said:

"This is an outrageous abdication of EU governments responsibilities.

"Having already used every excuse in the book to banish NGO rescue boats from the Mediterranean, and having already stopped carrying out rescues several months ago, EU governments are now removing their own ships, leaving no-one to save the lives of women, men and children in peril.

"EU governments will continue to use aerial surveillance to alert the Libyan Coast Guard when refugees and migrants are spotted at sea, so they can be taken back to Libya, despite knowing that people there are arbitrarily detained and exposed to widespread torture, rape, killings and exploitation.

"This shameful decision has nothing to do with the needs of people who risk their lives at sea, but everything to do with the inability of European governments to agree on a way to share responsibility for them.

"If these reports are correct, European governments must urgently reconsider this decision, and maintain rescue capacity at sea. A mechanism must be established for the prompt disembarkation and relocation in Europe of those rescued and any continuing cooperation with Libya must be conditional on the closure of the detention centres there."

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Europarådets mr-kommissionär 19-03-27:

Commissioner calls for more rescue capacity in the Mediterranean till sidans topp

I take note of the decision taken by the EU's Political and Security Committee with regards to Operation Sophia. I regret that this will lead to even fewer naval assets in the Mediterranean, which could assist the rescue of persons in distress at sea. Lives are continuing to be lost in the Mediterranean. This should remind states of the urgency to adopt a different approach, one that should ensure a sufficiently resourced and fully operational system for saving human lives at sea and to safeguard rescued migrants' dignity.

Whilst coastal states have the responsibility to ensure effective coordination of search and rescue operations, protecting lives in the Mediterranean requires concerted efforts of other states as well, to begin with the provision of naval assets specifically dedicated to search and rescue activities, deployed in those areas where they can make an effective contribution to saving human lives. Furthermore, I reiterate my call to all states to refrain from hindering and criminalising the work of NGOs who are trying to fill the ever-increasing gap in rescue capacity. States should rather support and co-operate with them, including by ensuring that they can use ports for their life-saving activities.

Finally, the decision to continue only with aerial surveillance and training of the Libyan Coast Guard further increases the risks that EU member states, directly or indirectly, contribute to the return of migrants and asylum seekers to Libya, where it is well-documented, in particular recently by the United Nations, that they face serious human rights violations. So far, calls to ensure more transparency and accountability in this area, including by publishing human rights risk assessments and setting up independent monitoring mechanisms, have not been heeded. The onus is now on EU member states to show urgently that the support to the Libyan Coast Guard is not contributing to human rights violations, and to suspend this support if they cannot do so.

Uttalandet i sin helhet (Extern länk)

Se även:

Human rights defenders in the Council of Europe area: Current challenges and possible solutions (Extern länk)

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Statewatch 19-04-08:

Analysis: Italy's redefinition of sea rescue as a crime draws on EU policy for inspiration till sidans topp

On the evening of 18 March, an ongoing conflict between the Italian government and civil sea rescue initiatives was reignited following the rescue of 49 people in international waters north of Libya by the ship Mare Jonio, of the Italian citizen-funded sea rescue initiative Mediterranea - Saving Humans.

Matteo Salvini, the interior minister, reacted to the rescue operation and the ship's request for a safe harbour for disembarkation by issuing a directive which seeks to subordinate the infrastructure and transport ministry's competences for port-related issues to security concerns. Amongst these, fighting illegal immigration figures prominently.

With this directive, Salvini is attempting to prevent the application of international law and in doing so, he has cited the European Agenda on Migration as a justification.

In fact, examined alongside recent Council proposals, it appears that the approaches of the Italian government and the EU institutions to unauthorised sea arrivals are not necessarily that different.

Hämta analysen i sin helhet (Extern länk)

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Sea-Watch 19-04-13:

Joint Statement - the case of Alan Kurdi till sidans topp

We have learned that Sea-Eye's rescue vessel, the 'Alan Kurdi', has finally been allowed to disembark the people who were rescued on April 3 when in distress on the Mediterranean Sea. These 64 people (of whom two were evacuated already due to medical emergencies) are allowed to reach land in Valletta/Malta after suffering through ten days of uncertainty at sea. We are relieved that these people have finally reached firm land in a safe port in the EU but we by no means consider this case a victory. Instead, it was once again a shameful episode in which EU member states unnecessarily prolonged an emergency at sea, the very same countries and institutions who now declare this a successful solution. Once more, the law of the sea, international law, and human rights law were brutally violated, as the people were not immediately disembarked at the nearest place of safety. We witnessed yet again how intergovernmental negotiations were carried out while those rescued were forced to remain in uncertain conditions at sea for ten days. These negotiations are illegitimate and unsustainable practices that violate international law, fundamental principles of human rights and disregard the dignity of the rescued.

For us, the civil society engaging in the rescue and welcoming of the distressed at sea, it is their dignity and rights that are central, that guide all of our practices. We know that this is not an easy moment for our continued struggle, particularly as we are being systematically targeted by EU governments and institutions as political enemies, simply for defending people's right to live and survive and for working to restore accountability and the rule of law in the Central Mediterranean Sea. However, the civil SAR fleet finds itself with no other choice but to step in where European member states have fallen short and neglected their legal obligations. It is in this sea where the future of our societies is at stake, now more than ever.

Se undertecknarna (Extern länk)

Deutsche Welle: Migrants stranded on Sea-Eye ship land in Malta (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 190326:

Amnesty international 19-03- 13:

EU complicit in violence and abuse by police against refugees and migrants till sidans topp

European governments are complicit in the systematic, unlawful and frequently violent pushbacks and collective expulsions of thousands of asylum seekers to squalid and unsafe refugee camps in Bosnia and Herzegovina, said Amnesty International in a report published today.

"Pushed to the edge: Violence and abuse against refugees and migrants along Balkan Route" details how, by prioritizing border control over compliance with international law, European governments are not just turning a blind eye to vicious assaults by the Croatian police, but also funding their activities. In so doing, they are fueling a growing humanitarian crisis on the edge of the European Union.

"To understand where the priorities of European governments lie, one only needs to follow the money. Their financial contribution towards humanitarian assistance is dwarfed by the funds they provide for border security which includes equipping Croatian border police and even paying their salaries," said Massimo Moratti, Director of Research for Amnesty International's Europe Office.

"Meanwhile people fleeing war and persecution are beaten and robbed by the Croatian police and forcibly pushed back to legal limbo, left at the mercy of a failing asylum system in Bosnia and Herzegovina."

Currently around 5,500 women, men and children are trapped in two small Bosnian towns near the Croatian border, Bihac and Velika Kladusa, living in defunct former factories without basic amenities. Bosnia and Herzegovina cannot offer them adequate protection or living conditions and the improvised camps are unhygienic, lacking hot water, medical care and sufficient food.

One Afghan mother told Amnesty International: "We don't have enough food to feed the whole family, especially the children. They are always hungry."

(...)

Hela artikeln (Extern länk)

Hämta rapporten: Pushed to the edge: Violence and abuse against refugees and migrants along Balkan Route (Extern länk)

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Läkare utan Gränser 19-03-18:

Tre år senare - människor fångna i hopplöshet efter avtalet mellan EU och Turkiet till sidans topp

I dag, tre år sedan flyktingavtalet mellan EU och Turkiet undertecknades, sitter fortfarande män, kvinnor och barn fast i överbefolkade, otrygga omständigheter på de grekiska öarna. Läkare Utan Gränser uppmanar europeiska beslutsfattare att få slut på politiken som strandsätter människor i flyktingläger.

I tre år har migranter, asylsökande och flyktingar suttit fast på de grekiska öarna i undermåliga förhållanden. Läkare Utan Gränser vädjar till EU att de mest utsatta ska evakueras från öarna omedelbart och inkvarteras på fastlandet eller i övriga EU-medlemsstater. I höstas slog organisationen larm om att vart fjärde barn i flyktinglägret Moria har självskadebeteende.

- Det är helt ofattbart. Väldigt små barn, ända ner till femårsålder har försökt att ta livet av sig. Barnen vi träffade längtade efter trygghet, men för invånarna i Moria känns läget hopplöst, säger sjuksköterskan Fia Iveslätt, som jobbat för Läkare Utan Gränser på Lesbos förra året..

"Grekland har blivit en dumpningsplats"

Till följd av avtalet mellan EU och Turkiet sitter ungefär 12 000 män, kvinnor och barn fångna i fem överfulla registreringscenter, så kallade "hotspots". I centret Vathy på ön Samos har förhållandena försämrats snabbt under de senaste månaderna. Fler än 4 100 personer bor i lägret, som är byggt för bara 648. Det betyder att tusentals personer trängs i det smutsiga och osäkra området utanför det officiella lägret. Bland dem som bor utanför lägret finns åtminstone 79 ensamkommande barn, gravida kvinnor, åldringar, människor med kroniska sjukdomar och personer som utsatts för tortyr och sexuellt våld.

- Grekland har blivit en dumpningsplats för män, kvinnor och barn som EU har misslyckats med att skydda, säger Emmanuel Goué, landansvarig för Läkare Utan Gränser i Grekland.

(...)

Hela pressmeddelandet (Extern länk)

Doctors without borders 19-03-18: Greece: Three years of "cruel, inhumane, and cynical " treatment of migrants and refugees (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 190318:

Amnesty International 19-03-06:

More evidence of abuses in Libya should spur EU to help people seeking safety till sidans topp

Ahead of the meeting of European Home Affairs Ministers, Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch have today published a 20-point action plan to address the current unsustainable situation in the Mediterranean which is leaving boats stranded at sea and people illegally detained in Libya.

EU countries have consistently acted to block the arrival of seaborne refugees and migrants by hampering rescues in the Central Mediterranean, and by supporting the Libyan Coast Guard which intercepts people at sea and forces them back to Libya. This has resulted in refugees and migrants becoming trapped in Libya where they are exposed to serious abuses including torture.

The joint Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch plan includes a set of measures to protect the human rights of those migrating across the Mediterranean. This includes not only immediate action to rescue people in danger at sea and ensuring their prompt disembarkation and relocation in Europe, but also concrete measures to address the catastrophic situation of people trapped in Libya. To this end European governments should make continuing cooperation with Libya subject to the Libyan authorities ending automatic and indefinite detention of migrants and refugees.

"European governments are well aware of the killings, beatings, rapes and exploitation that take place in Libyan detention centres. If they want to stop being complicit in these atrocities then they must work with the Libyan authorities to ensure the release of the thousands currently held and offer resettlement places to those of them who qualify for it. These hellish detention centres must be closed for good."

Läs mer (Extern länk)

Hämta handlingsplanen (Extern länk)

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Human Rights Watch 19-03-14:

NGOs calling to end the humanitarian and human rights crisis at Europe's borders till sidans topp

Dear European leaders,

We, the 25 undersigned humanitarian, human rights and volunteer organizations call on you, in the run up to the third anniversary of the EU-Turkey deal, to take immediate and sustained action to end the unfair and unnecessary containment policy which is preventing asylum seekers from leaving the Greek islands. We also call on you to urgently reach a common responsibility-sharing agreement for hosting asylum seekers across EU Member States.

The policy that traps people on the Greek islands and prevents them from reaching the European mainland has caused a recurrent and endless cycle of overcrowding, substandard living conditions and extremely poor access to services: the European "hotspots" continue to provide accommodation and basic services, such as food and medical assistance, well below minimum standards. The European response in Greece has proven to have disastrous consequences on refugees' rights, including their health and safety. This has been exhaustively documented and brought to your attention through countless reports over the last three years[1].

As many as 20,000 asylum seekers were stranded in unsafe, unhygienic and degrading conditions on the Greek islands in 2018. Currently, around 12,000 people are still forced to live in inadequate reception and identification centers built for a maximum capacity of half this population: sleeping in unheated tents or overcrowded containers with limited access to running water and electricity, and often exposed to ongoing violence, harassment and exploitation, amid high tensions, lack of security and minimal protection.

(...)

Hela brevet med undertecknande organisationer (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 190219:

Riksdagen 19-02-06:

Svar på skriftlig fråga: Partnerskap med Afrika till sidans topp

Fråga 2018/19:66 av Ludvig Aspling (SD)

Europeiska unionen har ett strategiskt partnerskap med Afrika. Partnerskapets syfte är att genom investeringar lyfta levnadsstandarden på den afrikanska kontinenten och därmed också minska incitamenten för irreguljär migration till Europa. Sverigedemokraterna står bakom syftet att öka levnadsstandarden, men ser det som otroligt att detta skulle minska incitamenten att resa till Europa.

Forskning på migrationsområdet, av bland annat Paul Collier, visar att en begränsad ökning av levnadsstandarden leder till en ökad benägenhet att migrera eftersom migranter ser resan till Europa som en investering. Eftersom sådana resor är relativt kostsamma tillhör de som lyckas ta sig till Europa ofta också den afrikanska överklassen.

En ökad levnadsstandard riskerar alltså, om detta inte kombineras med verksamma åtgärder för att stävja migrationen, att leda till ökad irreguljär migration i stället för minskad. Det senare syftet med planen kommer i så fall inte att uppfyllas.

Med anledning av detta vill jag fråga statsrådet Peter Eriksson:

Vilka vetenskapliga belägg har statsrådet för att Sveriges och EU:s bistånd till utvecklingsländer faktiskt leder till en minskad benägenhet att migrera till Sverige och rikare länder?

Svar av Statsrådet Peter Eriksson (MP) (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 190209:

Amnesty International 19-01- 18:

Cut Adrift in the Med till sidans topp

/Utdrag:/

We have identified the problems that need addressing

1. The Dublin System (...)

A major reason is the Dublin system, under which the first country the asylum-seeker enters is usually responsible for examining their asylum claim, hosting them during the process, integrating the successful applicant and returning those who are refused protection to their countries. This has significant implications for front-line states, which - in the absence of intra-European solidarity mechanisms to share these responsibilities - have increasingly chosen to bar asylum-seekers from accessing their country, even when this means exposing them to fatal risks and breaching international obligations.

(...)

2. The deal with Libya (...)

Now, if any ship rescues people in the Libyan search and rescue region, European governments still can't say, "take them to Libya" - as this would be illegal - but they can say, "that's Libya's search and rescue region so you'll have to ask them what to do". The ship's captain though remains bound by international law not to take them back to Libya.

So a ludicrous, "catch 22" situation arises in which people rescued at sea cannot be taken to either Libya or Europe and are thus stranded at sea.

(...)

3. Distorting the debate on migration for political gain

The number of irregular border crossings at Europe's external borders fell in 2018 to the lowest level in five years, according to the European border agency Frontex. Yet some people believe there is an ongoing migration "crisis" in the Mediterranean.

Only around 114,000 refugees and migrants crossed the Mediterranean in 2018, mostly reaching Spain (58,569), Greece (32,497) and Italy (23,370).

(...)

Läs hela analysen (Extern länk)

Amnesty International 19-02-06: When solidarity - like that shown by Stansted 15 - becomes a crime (Extern länk)

FRA 19-01-21: Recurring migrant deaths at sea, a grim reminder of need for solutions, says FRA (Extern länk)

Refugees Deeply 19-01- 18: How a visa for asylum seekers could grant safe passage to Europe (Extern länk)

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ECRE 19-01-25:

Relying on Relocation: Proposal for a fair relocation following disembarkation till sidans topp

In its latest Policy Paper, ECRE proposes a mechanism for relocation following disembarkation to end the current "ship by ship" approach to relocation of persons rescued in the Mediterranean.

The arrangements followed by European countries since the summer of 2018 are legally and politically unsustainable as they exacerbate suffering by leaving people at sea for prolonged periods, allow leaders to exploit search and rescue incidents for domestic political purposes, entail bureaucracy and costs for administrations, and cause reputational damage to the EU by undermining relations with third countries. The manner in which individuals are currently received and distributed under ad hoc arrangements on relocation also raises questions of compliance with the CEAS standards, with people being detained and forbidden from applying for asylum in countries of arrival, and receiving countries exercising undue discretion when selecting those who will be relocate.

ECRE recommends a relocation mechanism for asylum seekers disembarked in EU ports based on fair and effective implementation of rules set out in the existing EU rules, without adding new obligations for Member States. The main elements of the mechanism are as follows:

1) While countries should be able to choose whether or not to opt into the relocation mechanism, the states participating in the mechanism should be defined from the outset and should not be negotiated on a "ship by ship" basis. The arrangement should apply to disembarkations following search and rescue and other forms of sea arrivals in all participating coastal EU Member States to guarantee fairness and to support the efforts of all countries receiving disembarked people. All countries will be required to examine at least some asylum applications of disembarked persons.

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 181218:

Europarådets parlament 18-12-17:

New walls against migrants 'morally unacceptable', says committee till sidans topp

On the eve of International Migrants' Day (18 December), PACE's Migration Committee, in a statement, called for the respect of migrants' fundamental rights.

Statement adopted by the Committee on Migration, Refugees and Displaced Persons:

"Despite a very significant drop in the numbers of migrants arriving in Europe since the peaks registered in 2015 and 2016, immense challenges remain for all European states.

With the closure of the Balkans land routes, over 100 000 migrants attempted to cross the Mediterranean Sea in 2018 to reach the European Union. The International Organization for Migration's Missing Migrants Project recorded more than 2 000 deaths of boat migrants in the Mediterranean in 2018, which constitutes two-thirds of all migrant fatalities globally. Europe cannot look away while the Mediterranean Sea continues to be a mass grave.

Turkey is hosting more than 3.5 million registered refugees from Syria. There are more than 1.5 million refugees in Germany. This number of refugees is nearly equalled by the number of registered IDPs in Europe. Hundreds of thousands of undocumented migrants are stranded in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Greece, Italy, Spain and other member States of the Council of Europe. Many more hundreds of thousands are trafficked and exploited in Europe, most of them vulnerable migrants.

Behind these figures are individual human fates - men, women and children compelled to leave their homes, who depend on humanitarian support, whose human rights must be respected and who must be allowed to contribute to our common future.

Until 30 years ago, Europe was divided for several decades by an "iron curtain". Building new walls in Europe against migrants and refugees is not an option, as it is neither practically feasible nor morally acceptable.

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 181125:

ECRE 18-11- 09:

EU as human rights champion - point of no return or new beginning? till sidans topp

The 101 strong ECRE alliance met in Belgrade for the ECRE Annual General Conference 2018, taking place alongside the Europe NGO Consultation of UNHCR, an ECRE strategic partner. With over 200 participants at the conference, civil society remains strong and determined to defend the human rights of all, especially at this time when the right to asylum is under attack and the rights of the displaced in Europe are disregarded in parts of the continent.

ECRE calls on the European Union to defend European values. This includes the rule of law, both within the EU and as part of the EU Accession process. The support for democratic reform and protection of human rights in Serbia and the Western Balkans will only happen if the EU itself changes direction.

"There are four main strategies at play at EU and Member State level in dealing with asylum seekers" says Morten Kjaerum, Chair of the ECRE board. "First, keep people out through walls, push-backs and the ending of Search and Rescue at borders. Second, push them sideways by offering comparatively worse conditions in terms of support, access to labour market, family reunification and permanent residency or citizenship -sometimes referred to as the 'race to the bottom.' Third, send them back, including through forced return. This despite the fact that asylum seekers face a 'lottery' where they might be relatively sure of receiving protection in one place and have no chance in another potentially leaving rejected people in danger. Finally, prevent them from beginning their journey in the first place or contain them en route through dubious agreements with third countries."

(...)

Hela uttalandet (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 180819:

Riksdagen 18-08-10:

Svar på skriftlig fråga: Uppsamlingsläger för flyktingar till sidans topp

Fråga 2017/18:1576 av Jens Holm (V) till Statsrådet Heléne Fritzon (S)

Det österrikiska ordförandeskapet i EU har skickat ett antal frågor till medlemsländerna kring uppsamlingsläger för flyktingar. I dokumentet Presidency discussion paper on Return Centers (Europeiska rådet den 4 juli 2018, 10829/18) diskuteras möjligheten att EU-länder ska kunna öppna center i länder utanför EU dit personer som fått negativt svar på asylansökan men av olika skäl inte kan avvisas ska samlas upp. Dessa center, som i dokumentet kallas Return Centers, ska alltså ligga utanför EU:s gränser, i tredje land men behöver inte vara ett transitland. Uppsamlingsläger för flyktingar diskuterades på det senaste EU-toppmötet i juni. Förslaget kritiserades hårt av människorättsorganisationer och organisationer som arbetar med flyktingar. Erfarenheten från Australien, där liknande läger finns utanför Australiens gränser, förskräcker.

I nämnda dokument vill EU veta vad medlemsstaterna anser om uppsamlingsläger för asylsökande. Följande två konkreta frågor ställs avslutningsvis till medlemsstaternas regeringar:

1. Är de beredda att starta pilotprojekt kring uppsamlingsläger?

2. Hur ställer de sig till att deportera människor till länder som inte är deras hemländer?

Frågorna ska ha diskuterats på det senaste sammanträdet den 9 juli med Strategiska kommittén för invandring, gränser och asyl (Scifa) vars representanter arbetar på uppdrag av regeringarna.

Med anledning av detta vill jag fråga statsrådet Heléne Fritzon:

Har statsrådet och regeringen svarat på frågorna i det nämnda dokumentet och vad har man i så fall svarat?

Svar av statsrådet Heléne Fritzon (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 180702:

FARR 18-06-26:

Kampanj inför EU-toppmötet - Svik inte flyktingarna! till sidans topp

I slutet av denna vecka ska EU-ländernas statsministrar försöka komma överens om ett gemensamt asylsystem. Utgångsbudet är ett paket av förslag som på många sätt skulle försämra skyddet för flyktingar. Nu när toppmötet ska fatta beslut har ännu ett drastiskt förslag tillkommit - att upprätta mottagningscenter utanför EU:s gränser.

Urprungsförslaget från EU-kommissionen innehöll vissa bra delar, till exempel om lagliga vägar. Förhandlingarna har gått trögt för att några länder över huvud taget inte vill gå med på något system för fördelning av asylsökande inom EU. Andra länder, som Sverige, har vägrat gå med på en fördelning som låter några länder stå utanför. Istället har ministrarna nu alltså öppnat för att asylsökande ska hållas i läger utanför EU:s gränser. Just nu ser det mörkt ut för de mer humana motförslagen från EU-parlamentet samtidigt som de ursprungliga idéerna som listor över "säkra länder" och många nya restriktioner för asylsökande kan komma att antas.

Läs mer om asylpaketet på FARR:s sidor om Fort Europa!

FARR står bakom den kampanj som Sveriges biståndsorganisationer i samorganisationen CONCORD driver:

Vi kräver att EU:s gemensamma asylsystem:

+ inte försvagar asylrätten eller bryter mot internationella konventioner och de mänskliga rättigheterna!

+ inte hindrar Sverige från att återgå till ordinarie asyllagstiftning med möjlighet till permanenta uppehållstillstånd!

Nu behöver vi din hjälp att påminna regeringen om vikten av ett humant asylsystem som inte stänger dörren för människor i nöd!

Filmen och uttalandet (Extern länk)

Mer information från Concorde (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 180625:

Human Rights Watch 18-06-18:

Towards an effective and principled EU migration policy till sidans topp

Recommendations for Reform

The arrival of over one million asylum seekers and migrants in 2015 set off a political crisis in the European Union (EU), the effects of which are still being felt today. The chaos at borders and the strain on unprepared and under-resourced national asylum systems laid bare serious deficiencies in the EU asylum system.

EU institutions and national governments are drawing the wrong lessons from the challenges of managing mixed migration flows since 2015. The focus of EU policy over the past three years has been on preventing arrivals, outsourcing responsibility to countries outside the EU, and downgrading refugee protection inside the EU.

The current policy responses to migration and asylum from EU institutions and governments pose serious human rights concerns and threaten the integrity of the international refugee protection system. A different approach is possible and necessary. The paper presents Human Rights Watch's recommendations towards an effective and principled approach that ensures EU global leadership on refugee protection, preserves the right to asylum, more equitably shares responsibility among EU member states, safeguards the rights of all migrants and allows EU governments to control their borders.

The EU's Current Approach

Outsourcing Responsibility

"Externalization"-the prevention of irregular arrivals by outsourcing migration management and border controls to regions and countries outside the EU, including the processing of refugees and asylum seekers-has become a central plank in the EU's response to mixed migration flows. Externalization is not per se harmful as a policy approach. It can lead to improvements in protection capacity in transit countries and countries of first arrival. However, in practice, EU externalization policy often leads to the violation of people's rights.

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Dokumentet i pdf-format (Extern länk till pdf-fil)

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Amnesty International 18-06-22:

Europe's asylum system is broken and leaders must fix it till sidans topp

There is an urgent need for a new asylum system that is fair, efficient and compassionate said Amnesty International ahead of a mini-Summit of European leaders this Sunday and the European Council meeting next week.

EU heads of state and government are expected to use the events to discuss measures to strengthen further control of the EU external borders and the reform of the Dublin Regulation.

"Instead of concentrating on striking an agreement on Dublin reform, some EU leaders have come up with a last-minute pitch of having docking platforms for refugees and asylum-seekers - a notion as irresponsible as it is dangerous," said Iverna McGowan, Director of Amnesty International's European Institutions Office.

"The challenges of our times demand more courageous leadership from the Council. The people of Europe and those seeking refuge deserve no less."

Recently leaked draft Council Conclusions include measures like stepping up support for the Libyan Coast Guard and other Libyan entities. This approach has led to human rights violations and with people sent back to Libya suffering further abuses including torture, rape and other forms of violence.

"The logic of passing the responsibility for receiving asylum-seekers and refugees to neighbouring countries either inside or outside Europe, is deeply flawed and not sustainable. Member States must find solidarity-based solutions both amongst themselves and with the regions outside Europe," said Iverna McGowan.

"By referring to the EU's founding principles of respect for human rights and solidarity between member states, this generation of European leaders must deliver a sustainable solution to one of the most pressing issues of our time."

Background

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Arkiveringsdatum 170628:

Europarådet 17-06-19:

European countries must lift obstacles to reunification of refugee families till sidans topp

"The right to family reunification is a fundamental part of the right to family life, which is protected by international human rights law. This right is particularly important for refugees in Europe. Because of the dangers they face at home, their only option to enjoy their right to family life is to bring their families to Europe. Regrettably, many European countries are limiting refugees' access to this right through restrictive measures which are unjust, unlawful and cause immense hardship for refugees and their families. This has to change", says today Nils Mui?nieks, Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights, while releasing a report which aims at helping Council of Europe member states adopt a more humane and human rights oriented policy on family reunification for refugees and beneficiaries of international protection.

The paper highlights the European and international standards which govern this field. It refers to concrete national cases where restrictive measures have been adopted. These include excessively long waiting periods before being allowed to apply for family reunification; discriminatory distinctions between refugees and beneficiaries of international protection; limitations to residence status; an overly narrow definition of family members; routine use of DNA and other biometric assessments; and difficult access to places where family reunification procedures can be initiated.

To remedy this situation, the Commissioner sets forth 36 recommendations to help member states adopt laws and policies which uphold refugees' right to reunite with their families in host countries. The recommendations focus in particular on ensuring family reunification is swift and effective; the need to remove practical and financial barriers to family reunification procedures; making these procedures more effective and less discriminatory; broadening the definition of family; and increasing children's protection.

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Arkiveringsdatum 170410:

UNHCR 17-04-07:

UNHCR calls for regional responsibility-sharing till sidans topp

identifying the situation in the Mediterranean as an 'opportunity'

The UN Refugee Agency's protection chief says restrictive policies, like push-backs and border closures, do not stop people from undertaking dangerous journeys, and that joint efforts could be undertaken to address the continued movement of refugees and migrants along the Central Mediterranean.

The protection chief at UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, called today on countries to consider developing a regional mechanism to better deal with the flow of migrants and refugees across the Central Mediterranean, noting that restrictive policies forced people into the hands of people smugglers.

In a speech to the UN General Assembly in New York, Volker Türk, the Assistant High Commissioner for Protection, said that it was essential to "counter the narrative of unmanageable crises and the rhetoric of isolationism", while encouraging States to consider innovative responsibility-sharing mechanisms.

Speaking during a session devoted to migration in the Mediterranean basin, he said: "It may be timely to explore the prospects for developing a comprehensive regional approach for the situation of migrants and refugees crossing the Mediterranean."

He noted that without safety, basic rights, regular status and education for their children, many refugees would be forced to move onward.

So far this year, more than 30,200 refugees and migrants have chanced their lives crossing the Mediterranean Sea to Europe, and at least 905 have died or gone missing making the journey.

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UNHCR 17-04-05: Security and refugee protection are complementary, says UNHCR (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 170330:

Rädda Barnen 17-03-17:

Avtalet mellan EU och Turkiet - Till vilket pris? till sidans topp

Idag är det 1 år sedan EU ingick ett avtal med Turkiet för att minska antalet människor på flykt som tar sig till EU. Till följd av avtalet sitter nu tusentals familjer och över 5 000 barn fast i fängelselika läger på de grekiska öarna Lesbos, Samos, Chios, Leros, and Kos. Tillvaron är otrygg och barnen mår fruktansvärt dåligt, några har skadat sig själva och till och med försökt ta sina liv.

Våra medarbetare på plats vittnar om hur dåligt barnen mår och fruktar att en generation pojkar och flickor är på väg att utveckla långvariga fysiska och psykiska skador. Och detta sker inte i en avlägsen krigszon, utan mitt framför våra ögon - i Europa.

Självskadebeteende och depressioner bland barnen

I vår rapport som släpps idag kan man läsa om hur barnen, som lever i trånga och otrygga boenden i de fängelselika lägren, visar tecken på ångest, depression och självskadebeteende. Barn som efter en lång och farlig flykt, tvingats leva i tält under vintern, förnekats utbildning, sett människor som försökt begå självmord och bevittnat döda kroppar I lägren.

Det har hänt att barn så unga som nio år, skadat sig själva och mammor har upptäckt självförvållade ärr på sina barns händer när de tvättat dem. Några barn så unga som 12 år har försökt att ta sitt liv.

Avsaknad av trygghet för barnen

Familjer berättar att de inte vågar låta barnen leka för långt från tältet av rädsla för att barnen ska skadas eller utnyttjas. Vår personal berättar om ensamkommande barn som turas om att hålla vakt och sova i skift för att känna sig trygga. Många ensamkommande barn har försvunnit från öarna, möjligen genom att följa med människosmugglare.

Inte värdigt Europa 2017

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Pressmeddelandet (Extern länk)

Save the Children 17-03-18: A Tide of Self-Harm and Depression - summary (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 170214:

Migreurop 17-01-25:

The EU cannot abolish winter: it must instead put an end to the criminal hotspot policy! till sidans topp

At what point does failing to assist a person in danger become a crime? How many deaths are necessary to constitute a crime against humanity? These questions have been raised for years in relation to the thousands of people who have died in the Mediterranean due to the lack of legal routes into the European Union (EU). Today, the increasingly serious situation of thousands of refugees, trapped by freezing temperatures in Greek camps and on the 'Balkan routes', directly challenges the choices made by the EU concerning its 'management of migration flows'.

Last spring, to avoid taking in hundreds of thousands of refugees fleeing conflict in Syria, Iraq and other regions in crisis, European Commission officials and members of the European Council implemented a 'hotspot solution' which evidently failed to take into account meteorological variables: in winter, temperatures drop and the cold is intense, even on the Aegean islands deserted by tourists. Nothing more than tent camps has been put in place for refugees to be 'stored' in while forced returns are organised, considered by European officials and leaders as the best solution to resolve the 'migration crisis'.

It is clear that the European Commission and EU member states never really believed in 'relocation', a measure intended to 'relieve' frontline countries (Greece and Italy) and prevent the hotspots from becoming lasting sites for the banishing of 'undesirables'. In fact, whereas the stated aim is to transfer 63,000 people from Greece to other EU countries by September 2017, less than 8,000 people have so far been able to benefit from this measure.

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Hela uttalandet (Extern länk)

AYS Daily News Digest 07/02: More money, less care and slow relocation (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 170126:

Medicins Sans Frontiers 16-12-23:

Bounties not Bodies: Smugglers profit from sea rescues though no clear alternative till sidans topp

If smugglers take advantage of rescue at sea, so be it. The alternative is letting people drown.

The Financial Times reported that the European Union accuses MSF and other humanitarian organisations running search and rescue operations in the Central Mediterranean of working in collusion with smugglers or at least helping them to carry out their deadly trade. These allegations were made based on an internal report from the European border agency, Frontex. MSF requested Frontex to share this report with us, which they declined. Instead, they refute they accuse humanitarian agencies of collusion, but raise a number of concerns with our search and rescue operations.

Their first point is on the increased overcrowding of the boats and their lower quality compared with previous years. They state that the number of passengers in a 10-12 metre boat has increased from 90 to 160 and also note that "it is common for the rescuers to find bodies of the people who died from asphyxiation and fume inhalation [...] on the bottom of the dinghies." As MSF we can only confirm after having pulled the bodies of numerous people, including pregnant women and unaccompanied minors, from rubber boats so far this year. What Frontex is not answering however is why the boats are of lower quality in 2016? It is possible that the presence of a few boats operated by humanitarian agencies, on top of the massive search and rescue resources deployed by the EU itself, play a role on the quality of the vessels used by the smugglers. However, what has also changed since 2015 is that Operation Sophia, the anti-smuggling EU naval operation has moved to "Phase II" which allows the interception of smugglers, as well as the destruction of their vessels and other assets, in international waters. This provides another possible explanation why smugglers are now using almost exclusively low quality rubber boats. Why spend money on higher quality boats when you know they will be destroyed?

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Arkiveringsdatum 161101:

Migreurop 16-10-26:

A Europe united against refugees till sidans topp

Many observers see in the politics of the European member states a profound divide between the 'old Europe' and the so-called Visegrad group, composed of Hungary, Poland, Czech Republic and Slovakia. In their view, Viktor Orban's xenophobic campaign against the 'enforced relocation of non-Hungarians in Hungary' supported by 98% of voters highlights this division, notwithstanding the small turnout (40% of registered voters) in the vote of October 2.

The reluctance of Visegrad countries to receive refugees is supposedly out of step with the EU 'values'. Yet, despite their election speeches and populist anathemas, the leaders of these states are inspired by the same dominant European principles of border control : denial of freedom of movement for those seeking asylum, and the aim of keeping exiles at an ever-greater distance from the Schengen area, preferably in detention.

Visegrad countries were not alone in protesting when, for a few weeks at the end of 2015, Germany and Austria opened their borders to exiles taking the 'Balkan routes'. This welcoming policy, which broke with all European rules regarding asylum, resulted in a real panic in the heart of the EU and in various member states. Last February, the French prime minister publicly scolded the German chancellor when he said during a visit to Munich, 'We can take no more refugees ... The time has come to put into effect what has been discussed and negotiated : hotspots, controls at exterior borders, etc.' Manuel Valls thus reminded us how, for more than 20 years, the EU has trampled over the founding principles of the right to asylum.

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Källor: Informationen på denna sida är hämtad från följande källor (externa länkar): EU (kommissionen, ministerrådet, parlamentet och domstolen), Europarådet (mr-kommissionären, domstolen, kommittén mot tortyr), FN:s flyktingkommissariat UNHCR, FN:s kommitté mot tortyr m.fl. FN-organ, svenska media via Eniro och pressmeddelanden via Newsdesk, utländska media främst via I Care och IRR, internationella organisationer som Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, ECRE, ENAR, Statewatch, Noborder och Picum, organisationer i Sverige som Rädda Barnen, Röda Korset, Svenska Amnesty, FARR, Rosengrenska och InfoTorg Juridik (betaltjänst) samt myndigheter och politiska organ som Migrationsverket, Sveriges domstolar, JO, Justitiedepartementet m.fl. departement och Sveriges Riksdag.

Bevakning: Josefin Åström, Hjalte Lagercrantz, Karin Nilsson Kelly, Sanna Vestin. Sammanställning: Sanna Vestin. Asylnytt är ett ideellt projekt.