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Arkiveringsdatum 211231:

Human Rights Watch 21-12-09:

USA/ Restarting 'Remain in Mexico' a Travesty till sidans topp

The decision to revive the "Remain in Mexico" program at the US border will once again put asylum seekers at risk of kidnapping, extortion, rape, and other abuses, Human Rights Watch said today. It will also violate their right to seek asylum in the United States.

While the program has been revised under the Biden administration, there is little reason to believe the government agencies tasked with carrying out Remain in Mexico will be able to do so in a rights-respecting manner. Border enforcement agencies on both sides of the border have been implicated in the wide array of abuses endemic to the program and continue to operate with near total impunity.

"Under the Remain in Mexico program, the United States and Mexico have knowingly put thousands of asylum seekers' lives in danger," said Ari Sawyer, US border researcher at Human Rights Watch. "There is no way a program designed to postpone the right to seek asylum by making people wait in dangerous places can operate in a rights-respecting way. The governments of the United States and Mexico should reverse course immediately."

The US and Mexican governments announced that, starting December 6, 2021, they would begin enrolling asylum seekers, including non-Spanish speakers such as Haitians, Brazilians, and Indigenous people in Remain in Mexico and sending them to seven Mexican border cities to await the outcome of their asylum applications.

The revised program fails to address the fact that many of those sent to Mexico under the program are systematically targeted for violence by criminal groups in Mexican border cities and sometimes by Mexican police and immigration agents. While the US government claims it will improve the screening process, that process still depends on US Customs and Border Protection (CBP) agents referring asylum seekers to an interview with an asylum officer.

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Human Rights Watch 21-12-07:

Storbritannien/ Draconian UK law puts vulnerable asylum seekers at risk till sidans topp

Perhaps the most draconian immigration bill in the United Kingdom's history is moving swiftly through parliament, currently in its final days of scrutiny in the Commons. The Nationality and Borders Bill seeks to dismantle core tenets of the international refugee regime, one which the UK helped establish. It would see vulnerable Afghans and other asylum seekers being criminalized and imprisoned for up to four years; pushed back at sea; sent abroad for offshore asylum processing, and afforded lesser rights as refugees simply for exercising their basic right to seek asylum in the UK.

Less than two weeks ago, at least 27 people died after their boat capsized crossing the English Channel. Among those rescued and brought safely to British shores was an Afghan soldier who had served alongside British forces in Afghanistan and his family.

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Emilie McDonnell i Oxford Human Rights Hub 21-12-15: UK set to renege on fundamental protections for asylum seekers and migrants (Extern länk)

UK: Commons passes anti-refugee bill, asylum seekers denied right to work, lawyers challenge boat-driving charges (Extern länk)

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Picum 21-12-14:

Italien/ The 2020 regularisation scheme leaves many behind till sidans topp

In May 2020, the Italian government adopted a scheme to regularise undocumented workers in the country. One year on, the results are difficult to see. We spoke to Giulia Capitani, Migration Policy Advisor at Oxfam Italia, and part of migration reform coalition Ero Straniero, to know more.

What did the Italian government introduce in 2020?

The Italian government introduced measures to regularise undeclared work in the agri-food and domestic work sectors. In particular, the scheme they adopted in May 2020 aimed to provide work and residence permits to undocumented migrants already present in Italy and working in the agri-food and domestic work sectors.

How did the scheme work?

The scheme followed two tracks. In the first one, employers could apply for a residence permit for work reasons for their employees. This is both for when the employee is yet to be hired, and those who are already working irregularly for the employer.

In the second track, undocumented people who had recently worked in one of these sectors could themselves apply for a six-month residence permit to look for new work.

Criteria for both tracks were extremely complicated and rigid. We feel that they were set more as a result of political negotiations, rather than to provide a clear legal framework. And people only had a couple of months to learn about the procedure and criteria and prepare and submit their applications, as the scheme came into force on 19 May and applications were only accepted from 1 June to 15 August.

Can you explain more about these criteria?

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ECRE News 21-12-10:

Irland/ NGO campaigning pays off with regularisation for long-term asylum seekers till sidans topp

The Irish government has announced a scheme that will provide a pathway to legal status for people who have been awaiting an asylum decision for at least two years. The news was welcomed by organisations who have long campaigned for the reduction of backlogs in regularisation and the importance of secure legal status for displaced people making their home in Ireland.

On 3 December, the Irish government announced a landmark scheme to regularise long-term undocumented persons. During a six-month window beginning in January 2022, people who have resided in Ireland for four years, or three if they have children, will be able to apply for legal permission to reside.

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Arkiveringsdatum 211122:

ECRE News 21-11-19:

Cypern/ Cyprus seeks Commission approval of asylum procedure suspension till sidans topp

On 10 November the Republic of Cyprus announced that it will request European Commission approval to suspend asylum procedures on the island for people entering the country "illegally". According to Italian authorities, almost 60,000 people have disembarked in 2021 so far and arrivals continue. Ten people have lost their lives off Libya where unrest continues. The number of people intercepted and returned to Libya from the Med nears 30,000 in total.

According to government spokesperson Marios Pelekanos, Cyprus will request the European Commission grant the Republic of Cyprus "the right to suspend asylum applications by people entering the country illegally". The spokesperson justified the move - that contravenes the right to an asylum assessment and potentially breaches the principle of non-refoulement - on the basis of an increase in arrivals via Turkish held Northern Cyprus.

Plekanos stated that more than 9,000 out of 10,868 arrivals in the first 10 months of 2021 entered the country via the porous "Green Line". Adopting the framing used by the Greek government, he added that this constituted: "a clear policy of instrumentalising human pain by Turkey". The Cypriot government has taken a hardline approach to asylum seekers including through recent controversial pushbacks of Syrian nationals to Lebanon. The administration maintains that asylum seekers represent a demographic challenge as their number exceeds four per cent of the island population: however, activist groups deem this figure misleading.

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Europaportalen 21-11-16:

Ungern/ EU-dom: Ungern har brutit mot asylrätten till sidans topp

En ungersk lag som kriminaliserar dem som hjälper migranter och inskränker den internationella asylrätten underkänns av EU-domstolen.

I juli 2019 stämde EU-kommissionen Ungern inför EU-domstolen för för en lag som gör det olagligt att hjälpa asylsökande och begränsar vilka som kan söka asyl i landet. I dag tisdag kom EU-domstolens dom som går på kommissionens linje.

"Ungern har åsidosatt unionsrätten genom att göra det straffbart att organisera verksamhet som syftar till att möjliggöra för personer som inte uppfyller nationella kriterierna för att beviljas internationellt skydd att inleda ett asylförfarande", heter det i ett uttalande från domstolen.

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EU-domstolens pressmeddelandet (Extern länk till pdf-fil)

Läs domen i mål nr C-821/19 (Extern länk)

Amnesty International 21-11-16: Court of Justice of the EU rejects anti-migrant "Stop Soros" law (Extern länk)

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Statewatch News 21-11-05:

Storbritannien/ Arrival without electronic authorization could mean four years in prison till sidans topp

The government has ramped up its attack on people arriving in the country without first seeking permission, with the addition of new powers that would make it possible for courts to hand down prison sentences of up to four years.

Imprisoning arrivals

People arriving in the UK without an electronic travel authorization could receive up to four years in prison under amendments added to the Nationality and Borders Bill last week.

The amendments were put forward by the government and come on top of proposals in the original version of the bill to make it possible to imprison individuals who arrive in the UK without "entry clearance" - either a visa or an entry certificate (see Clause 39(C1)(a)).

The travel authorization scheme would apply to nationals of countries who do not require a visa to enter the UK, and would operate in a similar fashion to the USA ESTA or the EU's forthcoming ETIAS - through extensive data collection and automated profiling to determine whether an individual should be granted permission to travel by the government.

The proposed new offences are part of the ongoing crackdown on 'Channel migrants' - those who depart from France to cross the Channel in small, often unseaworthy boats - but would apply across the board.

The committee examining the Nationality and Borders Bill debated the proposals last Thursday, with Tom Pursglove - Conservative MP for Corby and East Northamptonshire, Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department, and sponsor of the amendments on travel authorizations - arguing that the measures were nothing to worry about, because they would not generally be enforced.

Pursglove told the committee:

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EU Migration Law Blog 21-11-15:

Danmark/ Legislation on extraterritorial asylum in light of international and EU law till sidans topp

By Nikolas Feith Tan, Senior Researcher, and Jens Vedsted-Hansen, Professor

On 3 June 2021, Denmark's parliament passed Bill L 226, a legislative amendment allowing for the transfer of asylum seekers to a third country outside the EU for the purposes of both asylum processing and protection of refugees in the third country. The amendment provides that transfers must take place under an international agreement between Denmark and the third country and that asylum seekers are to be transferred unless it would be in breach of Denmark's international obligations. The new legislation and the international agreements foreseen to implement it, in case such transfers of asylum seekers are going to be a real feature of Danish asylum policy, represent a fundamental shift from the traditional perceptions of territorial asylum, according to which the state where an asylum seeker arrives normally assumes responsibility for assessing her asylum claim and, if found in need of international protection, for providing it.

While various proposals to externalise asylum processes or refugee protection have been tabled over the years, in particular since the 2015 migration and asylum crisis, the Danish legislation is unique in establishing a legal mechanism for the transfer of asylum seekers outside Europe. The proposed model seems to be radically more far-reaching than the gradually established practices of pre-procedure transfer of asylum seekers to 'safe third countries'. Among those, so far the most notable within Europe is the 2016 EU-Turkey 'statement', an arrangement under which asylum seekers would be returned from the Greek Aegean islands to Turkey with reference, albeit disputed, to the 'safe third country' concept.

The Bill on transfer of asylum seekers

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Arkiveringsdatum 211104:

The Conversation 21-09-24:

USA/ Haitian migrants at the border: how US skirts its legal and moral duties till sidans topp

The U.S.'s top envoy to Haiti resigned abruptly on Sept. 22, 2021, over the Biden administration's "inhumane" treatment of Haitian migrants crossing the border via Mexico into Texas.

The resignation came amid debate over the U.S. decision to deport thousands of Haitians entering the U.S. in search of asylum or a better life. Criticism over the policy mounted as images of U.S. Border Patrol agents on horseback and carrying whip-like cords while encountering migrants gained widespread media attention and criticism from the White House. Border agents denied using whips on migrants.

The Conversation asked Karen Musalo, an expert on refugee law and policy, to unpack what went on at the U.S. border and whether the Biden administration is shirking its moral and legal obligations in deporting the Haitian migrants.

What's behind the recent surge of Haitian refugees at the Texas border?

Haiti is beset by extraordinarily desperate conditions of political chaos and natural disasters, as well as the COVID-19 pandemic. The assassination of President Jovenel Moïse in July 2021 catapulted the country into political turmoil. The post-assassination power struggle exacerbated pre-existing political violence and dysfunction. Violent gangs, often with ties to the state, are increasingly a threat.

In addition, Haiti suffered a devastating 7.2 magnitude earthquake in August, just two days before being hit directly by tropical storm Grace, with a combined toll of over 2,200 dead, 12,000 injured and hundreds of thousands displaced, many in remote regions that have yet to receive aid. The pandemic has exacerbated these woes. Less than one-half of 1% of the population has received even a first dose of a vaccine.

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Just Security blog 21-10-05: How an internal state department memo exposes "Title 42" expulsions of refugees as violations of law (Extern länk)

Jurist blog 21-09-23: UN agencies criticize treatment of Haiti refugees at US border (Extern länk)

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ECRE News 21-10-15:

Polen/ Parliament approves 'legalisation' of pushbacks, bill to construct border wall till sidans topp

On 14 October the Polish parliament approved a bill that de facto 'legalises' pushbacks and the Council of Ministers adopted a bill for the construction of a border wall at the border with Belarus, where the stand-off between the countries have claimed its seventh life.

Amendments approved by Poland's parliament on 14 October allow for the ordering of a person entering "illegally" to be ordered to leave Polish territory based on a decision by the local Border Guard chief. The legal changes are a response to the situation at the border with Belarus, where Poland has declared a state of emergency. While an appeal of such a decision can be launched to the commander of the Border Guard, potential appeals would not mean the suspension of the execution of the order to leave. The bill also provides the chief of the Office of Foreigners with authority to disregard an application for international protection by a foreigner caught immediately after "illegally" crossing the border. Pushbacks are prohibited under EU and international law.

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Arkiveringsdatum 211018:

TT / AB 21-10-14:

Polen/ Ny polsk lag ska stoppa migranter till sidans topp

Polens parlament har godkänt en lagändring som ska göra det möjligt att stoppa migranter direkt vid gränsen. Dessutom ska asylansökningar som kommer från människor som kommit till landet på olagligt sätt kunna ignoreras.

Enligt den nya lagen ska en utlänning som stoppas efter att ha korsat gränsen på ett olagligt sätt bli tvungen att lämna polsk mark.

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Arkiveringsdatum 210921:

ECRE News 21-09-03:

Storbritannien/ Asylum seekers waiting while Home office seeks EU readmission deals till sidans topp

The claims of more than 4,500 asylum seekers, including Afghans, have been put on hold while the Home Office seeks readmission agreements with EU member states. The number of people waiting for an initial asylum decision is up 73%, leaving 70,905 people with pending cases, despite an decrease in applications. The resettlement scheme for 20,000 Afghans is criticised as hypocritical against the backdrop of government attempts to discourage and criminalise Afghans arriving irregularly.

The claims of over 4,500 asylum seekers, including Afghans, have been put on hold while the Home Office assesses whether they can be deported to Europe. Under Home Secretary Priti Patel's new asylum reforms, claims are put on hold for six months to determine whether the applicant travelled through an EU country. If confirmed, the government will seek to return them there. The UK has not however succeeded in striking any agreements to replace the Dublin Regulation after leaving the EU. A number of EU member states, including Belgium, the Netherlands and France, have confirmed that no such deals are currently being negotiated. Of the 4,561 people facing an admissibility-related delay, only seven have been found to be inadmissible and none have been returned. The head of ECRE member the British Refugee Council, Enver Solomon, said: "it's clear that the government's inadmissibility rules are clearly not working and are simply adding further delay, cost and human misery to the asylum system."

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AYS 21-09-06:

Grekland/ Bill Restricting Rescue NGOs Voted into Greek Law till sidans topp

Legislation designed to hinder search and rescue NGOs in Greece, which was criticized recently by the Council of Europe (CoE) has now been passed into law by the Greek Parliament, Greek media has reported.

AYS has already written about the legislative package in previous digests ( Sep. 1 and Sep. 4-5).

Article 40 of the new Greek Deportations and Return Bill would introduce restrictions and conditions on the activities of civil society organizations in the regions in which the Hellenic Coast Guard holds official authoritiy. Non-observance of these will be subject to heavy sanctions and fines. The law requires NGOs to submit Local Emergency Plans in advance and to agree to follow the orders of local Port authorities or risk paying fines and even prison for rescue operations. It also grants the Greek state the power to retroactively punish organizations that have carried out independent operations, even if they attempted to cooperate with the Coast Guard but were rebuffed.

On Sep. 3, Dunja Mijatovi?, CoE Commissioner for Human Rights, expressed her grave concern over the proposed legislation:

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Arkiveringsdatum 210808:

Human Rights First 21-06-17:

USA/ Immigration court asylum hearings versus "review" of asylum officers' decisions till sidans topp

Recent media reports and government documents indicate that the Biden administration may publish an Interim Final Rule (IFR) to create a new process for asylum cases originating at the southern border, raising concerns that the public will not have an opportunity to weigh in through the notice and comment process prior to implementation. Non-governmental organizations have recommended that the Biden administration take steps to make asylum adjudications more humane, fair, effective, and timely, including referring asylum seekers for full asylum interviews with U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) asylum officers in their destination locations. These full asylum office adjudications should not be conducted within the expedited removal process, which undermines due process.

While some of the potential changes described in the media may have positive impacts, other aspects of the new procedure may raise significant due process concerns, including the use of expedited removal and language in media reports indicating that, if an asylum officer decides not to grant asylum, an immigration court could "review an asylum officer's decision"- rather than referring to an immigration court hearing.

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Vårt Europa blogg 21-08-03:

Grekland/ Annette Rosengren: 4 artiklar om nuläget i Grekland och beslutet om Turkiet till sidans topp

Del 1. Ministerbeslut: Turkiet säkert 3e land för syrier, afghaner, somalier, pakistanier och bangladeshier. Ansökningar från 70% av landets asylsökande kommer förklaras ogiltiga.

7 juni beslöt regeringen att Turkiet är säkert 3e land för syrier, afghaner, somalier, pakistanier och bangladeshier. Syrier har tills nyligen erkänts för internationellt skydd i Grekland till 95%, afghaner till 66% och somalier till 94%. Nu tar Grekland ifrån dem som har haft Turkiet som transitland - dvs i stort sett alla - möjligheten att få internationellt skydd i Grekland och därmed i EU. Asylansökningarna kommer förklaras ogiltiga med hänvisning till att de anses ha skydd i Turkiet.

Bakom beslutet ligger förmodligen regeringens tvivel om att andra EU-länder "solidariskt" enligt den föreslagna pakten kommer omfördela asylsökande i någon större omfattning. Kommentarer från EU-kommissionen är att varje land har rätt att besluta om säkra 3e länder.

Turkiet har idag världens största flyktingbefolkning, men främlingsfientligheten ökar och fler och fler turkar anser att EU skickar över ansvaret för flyktingar på Turkiet. I artikeln förklaras också varför Turkiet inte är ett säkert 3e land för människor på flykt. Turkiet är heller inte ett säkert land för sina egna medborgare, som framför allt flyr via Evrosgränsen i norr till Grekland och så småningom till Tyskland. Bland annat detta nämndes under en online sänd presskonferens den 14 juli, som jag rapporterar om i en särskild bloggartikel.

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Hela rapporten med länkar till källor (Extern länk)

Fortsättning:

Grekland juli/aug 2021, nr 2 av 4. Regeringen bekämpar människor på flykt också med otaliga snabba gränsprocedurer och pushbacks (Extern länk)

Sammandrag av frivilligorganisationers presskonferens juli 2021 om beslutet att Turkiet är säkert 3e land (Extern länk)

Grekland juli/aug 2021, del 4 av 4. MSF slår larm om hopplöshet, självmord och sjuka som inte får vård i EU:s flyktingläger. De nya lägren liknar koncentrationsläger. Förberedelser för en EU-pakt som inte är tagen. (Extern länk)

Se även:

AYS 21-07-23: Greek rationale for declaring Turkey "Safe Third Country" finally released (Extern länk)

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Aftonbladet kultur 21-08-04:

Danmark/ Nykoloniala idéer om flyktingar fungerar inte till sidans topp

"Främlingsfientligt och fullständigt oacceptabelt".

Petter Larsson

Så beskrev Afrikanska Unionen i ett uttalande i måndags den danska regeringens idé om att flyktingar som anländer till gränsen ska få sina prövningar i Afrika. De som får asyl ska föras till FN:s flyktingläger. Ingen ska släppas in i Danmark.

"Afrikanska Unionen fördömer på starkast möjliga sätt den danska utlänningslagen" heter det vidare, samtidigt som man påpekar att den fattiga världen redan tar ansvar för 85 procent av världens flyktingar.

Det finns ingen anledning att vara överraskad över den afrikanska hållningen. EU och FN har redan protesterat. Och redan när EU-kommissionen för några år sedan lanserade den mindre omfattande idén att asylpröva personer man räddat på internationell vatten utanför unionen sa AU nej. Inget land är redo att omvandla sig till ett flyktingläger och i det afrikanska fallet tillkommer en kolonial dimension när påbudet kommer från den rika världen. AU uppfattar, skriver man, sådana försök som en "utvidgning av deras kontroll över afrikanska stränder".

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Arkiveringsdatum 210720:

Sveriges Radio Ekot 21-07-17:

USA/ Federal domare stoppar Daca-programmet till sidans topp

En domare i Texas har i ett beslut satt stopp för nya ansökningar till det så kallade DACA-programmet, som har gjort det möjligt för barn till papperslösa att få arbetstillstånd.

Domaren menar att det kom till på ett olagligt sätt under Obama-administrationen 2012.

"Det här ett program som engagerar många och nån form av protester kan man nog vänta sig", säger Simon Isaksson, Sveriges Radios utsände i New York.

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Sveriges Radio Ekot 21-07-07:

Storbritannien/ Hårdare asylregler föreslås i Storbritannien till sidans topp

Den brittiska regeringen vill skärpa asylpolitiken i landet och föreslår i ett nytt lagförslag att asylsökande ska kunna skickas till tredje land i väntan på prövning.

Man vill också försvåra visumrätten för länder som vägrar ta tillbaka asylsökande som fått avslag i Storbritannien och göra det omöjligt att få permanent uppehållstillstånd om man tar sig in i Storbritannien på ett icke tillåtet sätt.

Lagförslaget kallas inhumant av flera människorättsorganisationer i Storbritannien, Amnesty menar att det drar skam över Storbritannien, förslaget ska nu dock debatteras och behandlas i parlamentet under hösten.

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TT / VK 21-07-04:

Storbritannien/ Strängare straff för att korsa Engelska kanalen till sidans topp

Under det första halvåret 2021 tog sig rekordmånga migranter, närmare 6 000, till Storbritannien genom att korsa Engelska kanalen. Nu aviserar inrikesminister Priti Patel kraftigt höjda straffsatser för att stävja den irreguljära migrationen.

Migranter som korsar gränsen illegalt ska kunna dömas till max fyra års fängelse, mot max sex månader i dag.

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Hela artikeln (Extern länk)

Human Rights Watch 21-07-08: UK shouldn't detain asylum seekers offshore (Extern länk)

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Sveriges Radio Ekot 21-07-13:

Litauen/ Litauen skärper lagar för asylsökande till sidans topp

Det litauiska parlamentet har röstat för att tillåta omfattande frihetsberövande av asylsökande och att begränsa rätten att överklaga. Något som kritiseras av bland annat Röda korset.

Beslutet kommer efter att migrantflödet från Belarus till Litauen ökat kraftigt efter vad Litauen beskriver som ett sätt för president Alexander Lukasjenko att sätta press på EU och Litauen.

"EU står solidariskt på Litauens sida. Vi hjälper Litauen både för att hantera en vettig process för migranterna men också för att skydda EU:s yttre gräns", säger Ylva Johansson, EU:s migrationskommissionär

Hela inslaget (Extern länk)

Statewatch 21-07-14: Lithuanian parliament votes to allow mass detention of asylum seekers (Extern länk)

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Kvällsposten 21-07-19:

Danmark/ Asylsökande som får avslag tvångstestas till sidans topp

Asylsökande som får avslag kan tvångstestas för att kunna lämna Danmark.

Vid två tillfällen har polisen hållit fast personerna under testningen. Metoden får nu kritik.

- Det saknar proportioner, säger Rosa Lund, som är ansvarig för migrationsfrågor inom partiet Enhedslisten.

Det finns flera flygbolag som bara tar emot passagerare som kan visa upp ett negativt coronatest.

För att förhala processen har flera asylsökande som fått avslag i Danmark vägrat testa sig och har därmed inte kunnat föras tillbaka till sina hemländer.

Men enligt en ny lag kan man tvinga de asylsökande att testa sig. Om det behövs kan man göra det med tvång.

- Det är därför vi skapat den här lagen som gör det möjligt att tvångstesta asylsökande, säger integrationsminister Mattias Tesfaye (S), till Jyllandsposten.

Han är nöjd med hur lagen fungerat hittills.

- Lagen har gjort att några få har blivit testade med tvång medan andra har sagt "okej, då gör vi det frivilligt", säger han.

Två har hållits fast

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Arkiveringsdatum 210616:

The Guardian 21-05-15:

Australien/ Indefinite detention is unlawful, but Australia has quietly made it legal till sidans topp

Ben Doherty

To counter the court's ruling against unlawful detention, the government simply wrote a new law allowing it to do whatever it wants

In 2012, a person placed in immigration detention in Australia was held, on average, for less than 100 days.

In 2021, that figure is 627 days - 20 months - the highest it has ever been.

In 2012, fewer than 3% of people held in immigration detention had been there longer than two years.

In January this year, that figure was 30%.

One hundred and six people - 6.9% of the total detention population - have been held in immigration detention for more than five years.

Long-term, often indefinite, mandatory detention has become Australia's first resort, rather than its last.

Indefinite detention is considered arbitrary - and therefore unlawful - under international human rights law.

Decades of medical research across the world - including studies commissioned by the Australian government - have consistently warned the wearing uncertainty of indefinite detention is deeply damaging for those so held.

But this week the Australian parliament, with almost no debate, codified the indefinite detention of refugees and asylum seekers, including without charge or trial, into domestic law.

Parliament was told about a "small cohort" - some put the figure at 21 - of "serious criminals" who can be neither deported nor released into the Australian community.

(...)

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The Conversation 21-06-08: Federal Court awards $350,000 to unlawfully detained asylum seeker, opening door to further claims (Extern länk)

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AYS 21-06-07:

Grekland/ Greece designates Turkey as a "safe third country" till sidans topp

Greece designates Turkey as a "safe third country" for asylum seekers from Syria, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, and Somalia

The Ministry of Migration and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs announced on Monday in a joint ministerial decision that Greece now considers Turkey as a "safe country" for asylum seekers from Syria, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Somalia. They conclude that asylum seekers from these countries will not be in any danger in Turkey "due to their race, religion, citizenship, political beliefs."

Migration Minister Notis Mitarakis said the decision is an "important step in tackling illegal migration flows and criminal activities of smuggling rings... The joint ministerial decision fully complies with the International Law and shields the legal tools of Greece towards requests by asylum seekers from Syria, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Somalia who objectively do not have a reason to not regard Turkey as a safe country...(this is) another step towards the full and unwavering implementation of the EU-Turkey Joint Declaration, which obliges the neighboring country not to allow the operation of smuggling networks and transit in Greece."

Of course human rights activists are outraged by this decision. As tweeted above, Samos Volunteers points out how this decision goes directly against the Geneva convention.

Reporter Giorgos Christides gives a detailed overview of some the evaluations and remaining questions this decision leaves:

(...)

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TT / AB 21-06-03:

Danmark/ Det vet vi om Danmarks nya asylsystem till sidans topp

Folketinget har röstat ja till den danska socialdemokratiska regeringens lagförslag som gör det möjligt att flytta hela asylprocessen till ett land utanför Europa.

Detta är vad vi vet om det kontroversiella förslaget:

Hur ska det nya asylsystemet fungera?

Tanken är att ett mottagandecenter för asylsökande ska upprättas i ett land utanför Europa. Där ska hela handläggningen av asylansökningar från tredjelandsmedborgare och statslösa ske. Det ska dock inte gå att söka asyl direkt vid mottagandecentret, utan det måste ske vid exempelvis den danska gränsen.

I ett första skede kommer varje asylansökan behandlas individuellt i Danmark. Danska myndigheter ska bedöma om det finns särskilda skäl - exempelvis allvarlig sjukdom - för flyktingen att trots allt genomgå asylprocessen i Danmark eller om en överflyttning till mottagandecentret ska ske.

Om asyl sedan beviljas ska flyktingen dessutom inte integreras i det danska samhället - utan i det aktuella värdlandet personen befinner sig i, alternativt flyttas över till FN:s flyktingläger. Om det blir avslag är det värdlandet som ska ansvara för deportationen.

Hur allt detta ska fungera i praktiken är dock fortfarande till stora delar oklart.

Ska Danmark inte ta emot några asylsökande?

(...)

Hela artikeln (Extern länk)

TT / AB 21-06-03: EU-kommissionen kritisk mot danska asylplaner (Extern länk)

Dagens Nyheter 21-06-12: Fler kan följa danska asylsystemet (Extern länk)

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Aftonbladet 21-06-08:

Danmark/ Danska asylläger i Afrika hyllas av svenska politiker till sidans topp

Danmark ska kunna flytta asylsökande till läger i Afrika.

Moderaterna är positiva till Danmarks ingång i asylfrågan och Sverigedemokraterna vill införa en liknande modell i Sverige.

- Det är ett mycket välkommet förslag, säger Jimmie Åkesson (SD).

Danska folketinget klubbade i förra veckan igenom ett kontroversiellt förslag om att "outsourca" asylprocessen till länder i Afrika. Planen har väckt vrede hos FN, EU och människorättsorganisationer. Men i Sverige gör delar av de politiska partierna tummen upp.

Sverigedemokraterna har länge förespråkat en nollvision för asylinvandring och partiet ser danskarnas beslut som ett sätt för landet att möjliggöra just detta.

- Förhoppningsvis kan Stefan Löfven lära sig något av de danska Socialdemokraterna när det kommer till en ansvarsfull invandringspolitik, även om det nog är att hoppas på för mycket, säger Jimmie Åkesson och syftar på att förslaget ursprungligen kommer från danska Socialdemokraterna.

Hoppas på liknande i Sverige

SD-ledaren hoppas nu att Sverige ska slå in på liknande kurs. Men Danmark har ett undantag i EU-fördragen som ger dem större möjlighet att forma sin egen migrationspolitik.

Hur ser du på kritiken mot beslutet, att modellen gör det mycket svårt att söka asyl?

- Människor som behöver skydd bör få det i närområdet och i första säkra land. Inte i länder som ligger hundratals mil ifrån konfliktzonerna. Det danska förslaget skulle även motverka den farliga migrationen över Medelhavet som skördar många liv varje år.

Moderaterna har samma syn på problemen

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 210603:

ECRE News 21-05-21:

Storbritannien/ Asylum-seeker cleared of charges, bar on challenges to deportation till sidans topp

An asylum-seeker caught steering a boat across the English Channel was cleared of smuggling charges after spending 17 months in jail. Immigrants and trafficking victims were also detained in solitary confinement for prolonged periods of time in prisons due to Covid-19 measures. Meanwhile, a Judicial Review Bill will strip refugees and asylum-seekers' right to challenge deportation orders as the government's New Plan for Immigration comes under heavy criticism from UNHCR.

The Court of Appeal overturned the conviction of Fouad Kakaei, an Iranian asylum-seeker jailed for 17 months on smuggling charges for helping to pilot a boat with other migrants on board in the English Channel. He was rescued by UK Border Force officials while crossing the Channel in December 2019 and was sentenced to two years and two months in prison in January 2021 by the Canterbury Crown Court, after admitting that he had taken a turn steering the defective boat as he "didn't want to die at sea". At his retrial before the Court of Appeal this week, his lawyers successfully argued that "he should not have been found guilty of breaking immigration laws because he was intending to be rescued at sea so he could claim asylum". The verdict brings hope that other asylum-seekers currently jailed on smuggling charges will be able to challenge their detention and be freed.

(...)

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TT / SvT 21-05-30:

Danmark/ Danmark vill flytta asylprocessen till Afrika till sidans topp

Socialdemokraterna i Danmark vill flytta landets asylprocess till ett afrikanskt land.

På torsdag ska folketinget rösta om förslaget som har ett tydligt mål i sikte: noll asylsökande.

Förra året fick 600 personer asyl i Danmark, skriver Jyllandsposten. Om danska Socialdemokraterna får som de vill ska det bli ännu färre i framtiden.

Enligt ett lagförslag som tas upp i folketinget i veckan ska den danska asylprocessen flyttas utomlands. Det innebär att landet i princip inte ska ta emot en enda flykting - eftersom både asylprocessen och asyluppehållet flyttar utomlands.

Får skarp kritik

Landet har tidigare fört diskussioner med Tunisien, Etiopien, Egypten och Rwanda som eventuella värdländer men än finns inga avtal med något av länderna.

- Det skulle vara en av de största förändringarna av dansk asyl- och flyktingpolicy sedan 1951, säger Martin Lemberg-Pedersen, lektor vid Center för avancerade migrationsstudier på Köpenhamns universitet till TT.

(...)

Hela inslaget (Extern länk)

TT / SvT 21-05-30: Expert: Regeringens förslag är symbolpolitik (Extern länk)

TT / SvT 21-06-01: Danska S-regeringen vill laga "trasigt" asylsystem (Extern länk)

Sveriges Radio P1-morgon 21-06-03: Danmark röstar om att flytta sin asylprocess utomlands (Extern länk)

SvT Utrikes 21-06-03: Ministern försvarar kritiserade asylförslaget: "Får möjlighet att hjälpa fler" (Extern länk)

SvT Utrikes 21-06-03: Danska journalisten: Regeringen vill att färre söker asyl (Extern länk)

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SvT Utrikes 21-06-03:

Danmark/ Danskt lagförslag får ja - asylprocess kan flyttas till afrikanskt land till sidans topp

I dag röstade folketinget i Danmark igenom S-regeringens kontroversiella lagförslag som gör det möjligt att flytta landets asylprocess till ett afrikanskt land.

- Idén med förslaget är att du inte ska vara i Danmark, säger Sveriges Radios Nordenkorrespondent.

Den socialdemokratiska regeringen vill flytta hela sin asylprocess till ett tredje land utanför Europa och de länder som man uppges ha haft en dialog med hittills är Tunisien, Etiopien, Egypten och Rwanda, enligt Jyllands-Posten.

Det finns inget avtal klart än men det kontroversiella lagförslaget röstades på torsdagen igenom i folketinget.

"Man ska inte sätta sin fot i Danmark"

Tanken är att ett mottagandecenter ska upprättas i ett annat land där hela handläggningen av asylansökningar från tredjelandsmedborgare och statslösa ska ske.

(...)

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Lagförslaget i Folketinget 21-04-2021: L 226 Forslag til lov om ændring af udlændingeloven (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 210520:

Sveriges Radio Ekot 21-05- 05:

Danmark vill ha asylcenter utanför EU - samtalar med flera länder till sidans topp

Dialog om att etablera ett asylcenter utanför EU har enligt regeringen inletts med drygt en handfull länder, och en lag som ska göra det juridiskt möjligt kan snart vara på plats.

Redan 2018 lanserade Socialdemokraterna i Danmark planen om ett center utanför EU, där de som söker asyl i Danmark kan placeras.

"Vi kan hjälpa fler i deras närområde utan att de behöver vända sig till människosmugglare och göra farliga resor längs migrationsrutterna" säger integrationsminister Mattias Tesfaye.

Hela artikeln (Extern länk)

AYS 21-05-05: Denmark is negotiating about offshore asylum procedures (Extern länk)

Amnesty International 21-05-05: Plans to send asylum-seekers to Rwanda "unconscionable and potentially unlawful" (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 210504:

Sveriges Radio Ekot 21-04- 17:

USA/ Biden i blåsväder för sin flyktingpolitik till sidans topp

President Joe Biden ändrar sig igen i frågan om hur många kvotflyktingar USA ska ta emot efter hård kritik från egna partivänner.

Löftet om 62 500 kvotflyktingar, krympte till Trumps historiskt låga nivå på 15 000, innan en ny signal kom att beslut kan väntas den 15 maj

Biden är under hård press för den kaotiska migrationssituationen vid USA:s södra gräns mot Mexiko.

Hela inslaget (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 210402:

FactTank 21-03-19:

USA/ Venezuelans, Burmese eligible for Temporary Protected Status in U.S. till sidans topp

The Biden administration has added Venezuelans and Burmese to the list of people eligible for Temporary Protected Status, a program that gives immigrants from select countries time-limited permission to live and work in the United States.

The Department of Homeland Security on March 8 designated immigrants from Venezuela as eligible for TPS for 18 months. Since January, Venezuelans also have been eligible for deportation relief and work authorization under a program called Deferred Enforced Departure (see text box).

In designating Venezuelans as eligible for TPS, the Biden administration stated that the nation "is currently facing a severe humanitarian emergency" with impacts on its economy, human rights, medical care, crime, and access to food and basic services. The notice also cited charges of election fraud on behalf of President Nicolás Maduro, who has led the country since 2013. The TPS designation expires in September 2022.

The designation of Burma (Myanmar) will apply for 18 months to immigrants who have lived in the U.S. since March 11. According to news accounts, about 1,600 people are estimated to be eligible. In announcing the TPS designation, U.S. Homeland Security Secretary Alejandro Mayorkas cited the impact of the Feb. 1 military coup, including "continuing violence, pervasive arbitrary detentions, the use of lethal violence against peaceful protesters, and intimidation of the people of Burma."

(...)

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Sveriges Radio 21-03- 28:

Storbritannien/ Brittiskt asylförslag väcker debatt till sidans topp

Den brittiska regeringens förslag för nytt asylsystem i landet som presenterades i förra veckan har vållat debatt i Storbritannien, den brittiska regeringen vill bland annat få stopp på migrantresor från Frankrike över Engelska kanalen.

Enligt det nya förslaget ska bland annat de migranter som tar sig till Storbritannien från Frankrike i båt över engelska kanalen få mycket svårare att få permanent uppehållstillstånd än idag oavsett vilka asylskäl de kan ha i övrigt.

Men oppositionspartiet Labour och flykting- och människorättsorganisationer är kritiska och menar att den internationella asylrätten inte tillåter att man särbehandlar asylsökande utifrån vilket sätt en asylsökande tagit sig in i landet på.

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Arkiveringsdatum 210314:

The Conversation 21-03-10:

USA/ Biden ends 'remain in Mexico' - but for 41,247 migrants, it's too late till sidans topp

The last residents of Mexico's Matamoros refugee camp crossed the border into the United States on March 5 to request asylum.

The migrants - many of them Central Americans fleeing endemic violence, poverty and corruption - will be allowed to stay in the U.S. as their cases move through the immigration court system.

The exodus from the Matamoros camp, which once sheltered more than 2,500 asylum-seekers, marks the end of a Trump-era policy called the Migrant Protection Protocols. Commonly known as "Remain in Mexico," the January 2019 policy forced 71,000 migrants who were detained along the U.S.-Mexico border back into Mexico to file for asylum and wait for many months while their claims were processed.

The Trump administration claimed the Migrant Protection Protocols ensured a "safe and orderly process." But it created a refugee crisis in Mexico, whose border cities were not equipped to house, feed and protect tens of thousands of refugees. Matamoros is one of many tent camps and Catholic shelters set up to serve this population.

On President Joe Biden's first day in office, the Department of Homeland Security suspended the Migrant Protection Protocols, and by late February asylum-seekers were being screened for COVID-19 and allowed into the United States. The change elicited enormous relief among the more than 15,000 migrants at that point stuck in the camps in northern Mexico.

But the border reopened too late for most of the 41,247 migrants whose cases were rejected while they "remained in Mexico."

Dangers of waiting

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 210226:

Immigration Impact 21-02-08:

USA/ Biden Administration Ends 'Safe Third Country' Agreements till sidans topp

For more than 40 years, the law has guaranteed any person who is physically present in the United States a right to seek asylum. In 2019 the Trump administration attempted to effectively eliminate that law by signing so-called "Asylum Cooperative Agreements" (ACAs) with Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador.

On February 6, the Biden administration fulfilled a campaign promise by announcing that it had formally suspended the ACAs and begun the process of withdrawing from them.

Under the ACAs-also known as "safe third country" agreements-the Trump administration could refuse to allow people arriving at the border any chance to seek asylum in the United States. Instead, U.S. officials could fly them to another country and demand they seek asylum from that country instead. For example, Guatemalans could be sent to Honduras and required to apply for asylum there; Hondurans would be flown to Guatemala.

For those subject to an ACA, there was no requirement that a person have even passed through the third country before being sent there. A Mexican national who was born within sight of the U.S. border could be flown thousands of miles away to Honduras and made to apply there.

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 210208:

TT / AB 21-02-02:

USA/ Biden river upp Trumps lagar om migration till sidans topp

USA:s president Joe Biden avser underteckna tre presidentdekret som rör migration. Syftet är att riva upp hans företrädare Donald Trumps lagstiftning som bland annat ledde till att barn separerades från sina föräldrar vid den amerikanska gränsen till Mexiko.

(...)

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TT / AB 21-01-27: Domare vill sätta stopp för Bidens utvisningsstopp (Extern länk)

Immigration Impact 21-01-26: What you need to know about Biden's deportation moratorium (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 210125:

Immigration IMpact 21-01-14:

USA/ 'Death to Asylum' rule halted in the last days of the Trump administration till sidans topp

A federal judge in California blocked a sweeping "death to asylum" rule on January 8, just three days before the rule was scheduled to take effect. The asylum rule is just one of many regulations attempting to limit access to asylum, but one of the Trump administration's most expansive.

The 419-page rule represents the most far-reaching midnight regulation yet. It would have gutted asylum eligibility, preventing countless people from obtaining relief in the United States.

Among its many draconian provisions, asylum seekers who passed through at least one country en route to the United States but did not seek asylum there could be found ineligible for U.S. asylum. The rule would have rewritten almost the entire asylum legal definition, drastically limiting the meaning of concepts like "persecution" and "political opinion," among others.

Immigration judges could have denied requests for relief-without a hearing to explain one's case in person-if they thought the asylum application alone was not supported by sufficient evidence.

Many meritorious asylum claims begin with an application containing limited evidence, given the complexity of the asylum process, the challenges of retrieving documentary evidence to include in an application, and the lack of access to counsel.

(...)

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Immigration Impact 21-01-19: Trump's drastic immigration court fee hikes are blocked in court (Extern länk)

Medium 21-01-15: We tracked Trump's immigration assault for 200+ weeks - what now? (Extern länk)

Reliefweb 21-01-20: Forced into Danger: Human rights violations resulting from the u.s. Migrant protection protocols (Extern länk)

Human Rights First 21-01-13: "We need someone to see us": To save lives, the Biden administration should quickly restore refugee protection (Extern länk)

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Free Movement 21-01-11:

Storbritannien/ Briefing: new UK approach to refugees and safe third countries till sidans topp

By Colin Yeo

The government has introduced important new rules on the handling of claims for asylum with effect from 1 January 2021. Guidance for Home Office asylum caseworkers was published the day before, on 31 December, fleshing out some of the operational details. What is not in the policy document is as revealing as what is.

The headline is that any person who travelled to the UK through a safe country will have their asylum case declared inadmissible and in theory face removal to any other safe country around the world willing to accept them. The likely reality of what happens in practice is very different: more delays in the asylum process and very few if any third country removals.

My overall impression is that the rules are completely unworkable as they stand, even if there were removal agreements with other countries. Which there are not, and a person cannot be sent to a country of which they are not a citizen without the agreement of that country. The rules build in an automatic period of delay in the processing of new asylum claims and are replete with opportunities for legal challenge. But I do not think the civil servants who drafted them expect the rules to be "workable" in the sense of removals actually taking place to safe third countries. The rules are about politics and presentation, not governance.

Since the time of Jack Straw as Home Secretary in the late nineties, the three pillars of the in-country UK asylum system have been "fairer, faster, firmer". The new policy represents the final abandonment of the first two elements of that approach. The outcome will be a significant increase in the number of asylum seekers physically present in the United Kingdom whose cases remain undecided.

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 201218:

Immigration Impact 20-12-14:

USA/ Asylum is in danger after court upholds rushed screening process at the border till sidans topp

Posted by American Immigration Council Staff

The Trump administration secretly implemented one of its most horrific attacks on America's long tradition of asylum-holding asylum seekers in U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) custody during their initial asylum interview.

The "Prompt Asylum Claim Review" and "Humanitarian Asylum Review Process," ("PACR/HARP") put in place in October 2019, marked the first time in American history that asylum seekers were forced to remain in CBP custody during this process.

On November 30, a federal district judge in the ACLU's challenge to PACR/HARP upheld the policy.

These policies rush asylum seekers through the most important interviews of their lives while detained in freezing and unsanitary facilities. The facilities are like legal black holes-off-limits to any visitors, preventing them from being able to meet with an attorney in person to prepare for the asylum screening-even though such face-to-face preparation is critical. Even asylum seekers' telephone access to attorneys is extremely limited.

Pass rates for the initial asylum screening under PACR/HARP have plummeted. 74% of asylum seekers passed their screening interview before PACR/HARP. Now under these policies, only 19-29% do. Despite the Trump administration's inclusion of "humanitarian" in the name of the policy, PACR/HARP is a sham designed to ensure that asylum seekers will fail.

This initial screening process-called the credible fear interview-determines whether someone can seek protection in the United States or will be sent back to the threat of death or torture they fled. People must describe some of the most traumatic experiences of their lives in a way that demonstrates to the asylum officer they fit within the legal categories that allow for protection.

(...)

Hela artikeln (Extern länk)

Human Rights First 20-12-15: Rule to block asylum seekers from protection finalized in last days of Trump administration (Extern länk)

Immigration Impact 20-12-02: The Trump administration will inflict more damage to the immigration system before leaving office (Extern länk)

ImmigrationProf Blog 20-12-11: Trump Asylum Regulation the "Death" of Asylum in the United States? (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 201124:

CNN 20-11-19:

USA/ Trump administration tries to push last-minute immigration limits till sidans topp

With Inauguration Day nearing, there's added urgency within the Trump administration to ram through any last-minute policies that would limit immigration to the United States, according to multiple sources.

For instance, the Department of Homeland Security is trying to ramp up agreements to send asylum seekers to Central American countries, plans that have largely been under the radar during the coronavirus pandemic, according to three sources familiar with the discussions, as well as rules regarding student visas and work permits.

The push is in line with a years-long effort to usher forward a slew of policy changes that have overhauled the US immigration system -- and in part, a concession that a new administration is incoming.

"It's the same thing that happens in the twilight of every administration -- you want to finish what you started and give it as much staying power as you possibly can," said Jessica Vaughan, director of policy studies at the Center for Immigration Studies, a group that advocates reduced immigration.

Donald Trump's presidency offered an opportunity to tighten immigration rules and curtail the flow of migration to the United States. Behind that push is Stephen Miller, Trump's lead immigration adviser and the architect of his hard-line immigration agenda. Immigrant advocates have slammed Miller and the administration for their actions, arguing that the changes have betrayed the country's posture of welcoming immigrants.

Over the last four years, administration officials, some of whom hailed from groups advocating reduced immigration, have leaned on immigration opponents to discuss policy changes. That continues to be the case now, with more urgency.

"There's always going to be a higher level of intensity when time is limited," said Chris Chmielenski, deputy director at NumbersUSA. "There has been constant communication between us and administration officials on what we still want done."

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 201111:

Law Professors blog 20-10-12:

USA/ Proposed asylum rule will severely limit eligibility till sidans topp

Guest blogger: Michaela Sanchez, law student, University of San Francisco

The Department of Justice (DOJ) proposed to amend an Executive Office of Immigration Review (EOIR) rule on September 23, 2020 that once again aims to deny detained and non-detained asylum seekers their right to seek asylum and withholding of removal through new technicalities that would be incredibly difficult to overcome, even with experienced representation. The proposed rule can be found here.

The proposed new rule would:

Add a 15-day deadline from the dates of the individual's first hearing with the Immigration Judge to file an application of asylum and withholding of removal for those individuals in asylum and withholding only proceedings with supporting evidence.

Automatically deny asylum applications that are "incomplete" (for minor errors such as leaving a field blank instead of filling each box with N/A for fields that do not apply) if the application is not resubmitted within 30-days.

Requesting a continuance beyond the 180-day deadline of adjudication will only be approved if the individual can show "good cause" and have "exceptional circumstances".

No longer recognized external materials such as non-governmental organizations and news media and only sources that are "credible" and "probative" and allow the Immigration Judge to submit evidence into the record.

(...)

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Källor: Informationen på denna sida är hämtad från följande källor (externa länkar): EU (kommissionen, ministerrådet, parlamentet och domstolen), Europarådet (mr-kommissionären, domstolen, kommittén mot tortyr), FN:s flyktingkommissariat UNHCR, FN:s kommitté mot tortyr m.fl. FN-organ, Sveriges Radio, SvT, andra svenska media via Nyhetsfilter och pressmeddelanden via Newsdesk, utländska media till exempel via Are You Syrious och Rights in Exile, internationella organisationer som Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, ECRE, Statewatch och Picum, organisationer i Sverige som Rädda Barnen, Asylrättscentrum, Svenska Amnesty, FARR och #vistårinteut samt myndigheter och politiska organ som Migrationsverket, Sveriges domstolar, JO, Justitiedepartementet m.fl. departement och Sveriges Riksdag.

Bevakning: Hjalte Lagercrantz och Sanna Vestin. Sammanställning: Sanna Vestin. Asylnytt är ett ideellt projekt. Sponsring avser prenumerationsavgifter. Tips emottages tacksamt.