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Arkiveringsdatum 210504:

UNHCR 21-04- 22:

Data visualization reveals impacts of climate change on displacement till sidans topp

Today on Earth Day, UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, is releasing a new data visualization 'Displaced on the frontlines of climate change' that shows how the climate emergency is converging with other threats to drive new displacement and increase the vulnerability of those already forced to flee.

The data visualization explores how disasters linked to climate change may worsen poverty, food insecurity and access to natural resources in ways that can stoke instability and violence. The impacts of our changing climate are being felt worldwide, but countries already struggling with conflict, poverty and high levels of displacement are dealing with some of the most severe effects. From Afghanistan to Central America, droughts, flooding, and other extreme weather events are hitting those least equipped to recover and adapt.

The visualization provides geographic examples such as:

Afghanistan where recurring droughts and floods combined with decades of conflict and displacement have left millions of people vulnerable to hunger this year.

Some of the worst violence and displacement in Burkina Faso has occurred in the poorest, most drought-affected areas where armed groups have exploited tensions over access to dwindling water sources and shrinking arable land.

Mozambique is experiencing a similar confluence of conflict and multiple disasters with one cyclone after another battering the country's central region while increasing violence and turmoil to the north displaces hundreds of thousands of people.

In Bangladesh, more than 870,000 Rohingya refugees who fled violence in Myanmar are now exposed to increasingly frequent and intense cyclones and flooding. This highlights that many countries most exposed to the impacts of climate change are already host to large numbers of refugees and internally displaced people.

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Arkiveringsdatum 210314:

World Refugee and Migration Council 21-02-25:

Recorded panel discussion on climate change and forced migration till sidans topp

As part of the World Refugee & Migration Council's project seeking innovative solutions for the global governance of climate displacement, this panel discussion explored gaps in international governance and legal protection frameworks for the forcibly displaced. Experts from Brazil, Canada and the US engaged in a north-south dialogue to address managed retreat, the role of local community adaptation in the absence of national action, the applicability of the 1951 Convention and refugee designation for climate causes, and the multifaceted characteristics of climate displacement. WRMC's Rosemary McCarney moderated the discussion with Robert McLeman from Wilfrid Laurier University, Erika Pires Ramos of the South American Network for Environmental Migrations, and A.R. Siders from the University of Delaware about the rapidly accelerating challenges around climate displacement as the world prepares for COP26. Watch the video of the panel discussion, recorded on 25 February 2021

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Arkiveringsdatum 201023:

UNHCR 20-10-01:

Legal considerations regarding effects of climate change and disasters till sidans topp

Legal considerations regarding claims for international protection made in the context of the adverse effects of climate change and disasters

/Utdrag:/

1. Climate change and disasters are impacting the lives of millions of people across the globe, and forcing many people to leave their homes, including in some cases to cross international borders. Their adverse effects will often expose the limited ability of an affected community to adapt, reflecting its pre-existing vulnerabilities. Such effects may emerge suddenly, or gradually over time, triggering human, material, economic or environmental losses.

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3. This document sets out key legal considerations concerning the applicability of international and regional refugee and human rights law when cross-border displacement occurs in the context of the adverse effects of climate change and disasters. To this end, the document takes into account the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and its 1967 Protocol9 (together the 1951 Convention), as well as the regional refugee criteria in the 1969 OAU Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa (1969 OAU Convention) and Conclusion III(3) of the 1984 Cartagena Declaration on Refugees. Reference is also made to the applicability of complementary forms of protection under international human rights law and temporary protection or stay arrangements. This document does not address issues of cessation or exclusion from refugee status, which are explained in other relevant UNHCR guidance.

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Arkiveringsdatum 200125:

OHCHR 20-01-21:

Historic UN Human Rights case opens door to climate change asylum claims till sidans topp

In its first ruling on a complaint by an individual seeking asylum from the effects of climate change, the UN Human Rights Committee* has stated that countries may not deport individuals who face climate change-induced conditions that violate the right to life.

In 2015, Ioane Teitiota's asylum application in New Zealand was denied, and he was deported with his wife and children to his home country of Kiribati. He filed a complaint to the UN Human Rights Committee, arguing that by deporting him, New Zealand had violated his right to life. Mr. Teitiota argued that the rise in sea level and other effects of climate change had rendered Kiribati uninhabitable for all its residents. Violent land disputes occurred because habitable land was becoming increasingly scarce. Environmental degradation made subsistence farming difficult, and the freshwater supply was contaminated by salt water.

The Committee determined that in Mr. Teitiota's specific case, New Zealand's courts did not violate his right to life at the time of the facts, because the thorough and careful evaluation of his testimony and other available information led to the determination that, despite the serious situation in Kiribati, sufficient protection measures were put in place. "Nevertheless," said Committee expert Yuval Shany, "this ruling sets forth new standards that could facilitate the success of future climate change-related asylum claims."

The Committee also clarified that individuals seeking asylum status are not required to prove that they would face imminent harm if returned to their countries. The Committee reasoned that climate change-induced harm can occur both through sudden-onset events (such as intense storms and flooding), and slow-onset processes (such as sea level rise, salinization and land degradation). Both sudden-onset events and slow-onset processes can prompt individuals to cross borders to seek protection from climate change-related harm.

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Hämta domen Com. nr 2728/2016, Ioane Teitiota v Nya Zeeland (Extern länk)

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Elena Legal Update 20-01-24:

HR Committee: Risk to right to life as a result of climate change and sea level rise till sidans topp

On 7 January 2020, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) published its views in the case of Ioane Teitiota v. New Zealand (CCPR/C/127/D/2728/2016) concerning an alleged violation of the right to life as a result of the effects of climate change.

The author, a national of the Republic of Kiribati, was denied international protection status in New Zealand and was subsequently removed to his country of origin. He claimed that the effects of climate change and sea level rise had resulted in, inter alia, unstable and precarious living conditions, the contamination of fresh drinking water, and increasingly violent land disputes. The Immigration and Protection Tribunal of New Zealand indicated that the author did not objectively face a risk of being persecuted as a result of land disputes, and had not shown evidence that the environmental conditions would be so perilous so as to jeopardize his right to life. He complained that his return violated his right to life under Article 6 ICCPR as a result of violent land disputes and environmental degradation.

The Committee noted that the primary issue in this case was whether the State had arbitrarily or erroneously evaluated the authors complaint that his return violated his right to life. In relation to the complaint of violence as a result of land disputes, it noted a general situation of violence is only sufficient to establish a real risk to the right to life in the most extreme cases. It added that the author had not demonstrated a clear arbitrariness or error in the domestic authorities' assessment of a real, personal and foreseeable risk of threat to life resulting from violence due to land disputes. Moreover, it noted that while environmental degradation had made it hard to cultivate crops, it was not impossible. It added that the author had also failed to provide information regarding alternative employment and financial assistance. He had therefore failed to show the domestic authorities' assessment to be arbitrary or erroneous.

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Hämta dokumentet Communication No. 2728/2016 (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 190610:

UNHCR 19-06-05:

UNHCR warns of growing climate-related displacement in Somalia till sidans topp

Ahead of World Environment Day tomorrow, UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, is calling for urgent additional support to help people affected and displaced by drought in Somalia.

Below average rains during the "Gu" (April-June 2019) and "Deyr" (October - December 2018) rainy seasons have caused worsening drought in many parts of the country. An estimated 5.4 million people are likely to be food insecure by July.

Some 2.2 million of these will be in severe conditions needing immediate emergency assistance unless aid is urgently scaled up.

The drought has also forced more than 49,000 people to flee their homes since the beginning of the year as they search for food, water, aid and work mostly in urban areas. People who are already displaced because of conflict and violence are also affected by the drought, at times disproportionally.

More than 7,000 people were displaced last month alone.

Three main regions of Somalia - South Central, Puntland and Somaliland - have been affected, despite marginal to average rains and flash flooding in some regions. The worst affected areas include the Sanaag, Sool, Awdal, Bari, Nugaal, Mudug, Galgadud, Hiran regions of the country.

The latest drought comes just as the country was starting to recover from a drought in 2016 to 2017 that led to the displacement inside Somalia of over a million people. Many remain in a protracted state of displacement.

UNHCR and humanitarian partners fear that severe climatic conditions combined with armed conflict and protracted displacement could push the country into a far bigger humanitarian emergency. Decades of climatic shocks and conflict have left more than 2.6 million people internally displaced.

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Arkiveringsdatum 190326:

IOM 19-03- 19:

IOM, Partners discuss climate change and migration at UN environment assembly till sidans topp

Climatic factors are a major driver of migration, with the World Bank estimating that some 143 million people could be internally displaced in only three regions (Sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia and Latin America) by 2050, as a result of climate change.

On Friday (15/03) experts and activists gathered during the fourth United Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA) to discuss the complex nexus between climate change and migration.

"For centuries, millions of people across the globe have migrated due to climate change and environmental drivers, but the difference now is that man-made climate change is increasing the severity, frequency and geographical range of environmental disasters," said Jeffrey Labovitz, the IOM Regional Director for East and Horn of Africa.

He added: "This means that vulnerable communities are at even greater risk than ever, and we have seen global evidence of that already. Through the Global Compact for Migration, Member States have recognized this existential global threat, and outlined comprehensive measures to protect migrants by minimizing climate change and environmental drivers, build resilience and also facilitate safe and orderly migration as an adaptation strategy."

He was speaking at a side event on environment and migration aimed at bringing to light various dimensions and solutions to environmental migration in the context of the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GCM).

The event brought together policy makers, agencies, governments and others for a discussion on shared concerns, priorities and concrete next steps.

"The need for stakeholders, including governments and development partners to collaborate to develop comprehensive strategies to better manage environmental migration, to address its challenges and to take advantage of the opportunities it presents, has never been more urgent," Labovitz added.

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Källor: Informationen på denna sida är hämtad från följande källor (externa länkar): EU (kommissionen, ministerrådet, parlamentet och domstolen), Europarådet (mr-kommissionären, domstolen, kommittén mot tortyr), FN:s flyktingkommissariat UNHCR, FN:s kommitté mot tortyr m.fl. FN-organ, Sveriges Radio, SvT, andra svenska media via Nyhetsfilter och pressmeddelanden via Newsdesk, utländska media till exempel via Are You Syrious och Rights in Exile, internationella organisationer som Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, ECRE, Statewatch och Picum, organisationer i Sverige som Rädda Barnen, Asylrättscentrum, Svenska Amnesty, FARR och #vistårinteut samt myndigheter och politiska organ som Migrationsverket, Sveriges domstolar, JO, Justitiedepartementet m.fl. departement och Sveriges Riksdag.

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