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Arkiveringsdatum 211231:

ELENA legal update 21-12-10:

Italien/ Germany: Court prohibited the deportation to Italy of a man with protection there till sidans topp

On the 25 November 2021, the Münster Higher Administrative Court ordered to annul the decision of the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees of 14 November 2016 - with the exception of the finding that the applicant may not be deported to Somalia - and to declare that the applicant is prohibited from being deported to Italy pursuant to section 60 (5) of the Residence Act.

The applicant is a national from Somalia, born on 5 December 1996. He entered the Federal Republic of Germany on 30 May 2016 and submitted an application for asylum to the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees on 21 June 2016. Following a EURODAC order, the Federal Office knew that the applicant had first entered Italy in 2014 and then travelled to Sweden in 2015. The Swedish authorities sent a communication from the Italian authorities dated 30 September 2015 stating that the applicant had been granted subsidiary protection in Italy. In its decision of 14 November 2016, the Federal Office rejected the applicant's asylum claim as inadmissible and, even if the applicant was not to be deported to Somalia, it nevertheless requested him to leave the Federal Republic of Germany within one week from the notification of the decision.

The Higher Administrative Court held that the decision of the Federal Office of 14 November 2016 was unlawful and in violation with the applicant's rights. The Court was convinced that, in the event of his return to Italy, the applicant would face a serious risk of degrading treatment within the meaning of Article 3 of the European Convention of Human Rights (ECHR). (...) Based on its findings that the applicant would most probably not be able to obtain accommodation, access the labour market, nor receive the citizen's social benefits, and citing judgment C-163/17 , Jawo, the Court held that the return of the applicant to Italy would constitute a violation of Article 4 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (CFR) and Article 3 ECHR.

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ELENA legal update 21-12-10:

Grekland/ Court: Refugee with status in Greece eligible for procedure in Germany till sidans topp

Higher Administrative Court of Bremen decides on a claim of a Syrian national's with a protection status in Greece

On the 16 November 2021, the Higher Administrative Court of Bremen made its decision in the case of a Syrian national in Germany who had international protection in Greece. The applicant arrived in Greece in 2017 and was granted international protection in March 2018. In March 2019, the applicant then travelled to Germany and claimed asylum. In May of that year, the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees rejected his asylum claim as inadmissible on the basis of Section 29 of the Asylum Act and due to the fact that international protection had already been granted in Greece and the humanitarian conditions for beneficiaries of protection there did not reach a threshold of Article 3 ECHR. The applicant subsequently appealed this decision.

The Court firstly noted that although the inadmissibility decision follows the domestic Asylum Act and Article 33 of the Asylum Procedures Directive, it is not compatible with EU law. The Bremen Court elaborated on this by explaining that Article 4 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU which prohibits any form of inhuman or degrading treatment is of a general and absolute nature. Therefore, this guarantee also applies after the conclusion of the asylum procedure and thereby prohibits a Member State rejecting an asylum application as inadmissible on the basis of international protection in another Member State, if the person concerned faces a serious risk of inhuman or degrading treatment in that Member State within the meaning of Article 4 CFR.

The Court proceeded to explain that a high threshold needs to be reached for there to be an assumed violation of Article 4 CFR or Art. 3 ECHR. In the case at hand, the Court found that on evaluation of the available evidence and current press reports it is to be assumed that on the applicant's return to Greece he would not find dignified accommodation or be supported by Greece in a housing program.

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Arkiveringsdatum 210808:

Foodtank July 2021:

Internationellt/ 19 Refugee-Powered Culinary Programs till sidans topp

Culinary arts programs can equip participants with kitchen, hospitality, and business skills that individuals need for a successful career in food and beverage. These programs can be especially important for refugees and displaced persons who are trying to start new lives. More than 82 million have been forcibly displaced across the globe. The COVID-19 pandemic further exacerbated food scarcity, mental distress, and resulting health disparities for refugee communities.

Syrian lawyer and chef Kamal Naji, based in the Netherlands, insists that relief lies in gastrodiplomacy - food can "break stereotypes between refugees and citizens of host countries" and facilitate societal integration, she says.

Around the world, passionate chefs and activists are using culinary arts programs to create inclusive spaces for refugees to feed their futures and their communities. Here are 19 individuals and organizations using food to support asylum seekers.

1. Hamed Ahmadi, Italy

In 2016, Hamed Ahmadi, an Afghan political refugee now living in Venice, Italy helped open Africa Experience alongside three other refugees. The restaurant employs cooks from Nigeria, Ethiopia, and Guinea who have no prior food service experience. They have also opened Orient Experience, a catering service that collaborates with migrant reception centers. Locals and refugees come for budget-friendly, plant-based options like injera with tomato and lentil salad, but stay for the sense of community.

2. Beyond the Plate, United States

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Arkiveringsdatum 210208:

ELENA legal update 21-02-05:

Grekland/ Court cancels removal of international protection beneficiary to Greece till sidans topp

On 21 January 2021, the Higher Administrative Court of North Rhine Westphalia published its judgment concerning the removal of an Eritrean national to Greece.

The applicant made an application for international protection in Germany in July 2018. A EURODAC search revealed that the applicant had previously received international protection in Greece in January 2015. The Federal Office for Migration and Refugees subsequently rejected the applicant's asylum application as inadmissible and issued a deportation order against him to Greece. The applicant unsuccessfully appealed to the Administrative Court. The applicant further appealed to the Higher Administrative Court.

Referring to, inter alia, the CJEU's judgment in Ibrahim, the Higher Administrative Court, stated that Art. 33(2)(a) of the Procedures Directive (Directive 2013/32/EU) is transposed into domestic law in such a way as to prohibit the rejection of an application for international protection as inadmissible when an applicant has already received refugee status or subsidiary protection in another Member State, if the living conditions in that Member State would expose him to a serious risk of inhuman or degrading treatment under Article 4 of the Charter or the corresponding Article 3 ECHR. It further recalled that the CJEU assumes a violation of Article 4 of the Charter if the indifference of the authorities of a Member State would have the effect of placing a person wholly dependent on public assistance, irrespective of their will or personal choices, in a situation of extreme material poverty which would not allow him to satisfy his most basic needs- in particular the ability to feed himself, to wash himself and to find accommodation.

On the basis of publicly available information, the Court considered that it would be unlikely for the applicant to find decent accommodation and gainful employment in Greece. Moreover, it also noted that he would not have access to social benefits and therefore would not be a position to reasonably secure the minimum level of subsistence.

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Arkiveringsdatum 200831:

UNHCR 20-08-14:

Kanada/ UNHCR: Residency to asylum-seekers working on COVID-19 frontlines till sidans topp

UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, welcomes Canada's announcement to open pathways to permanent residency for asylum-seekers in the healthcare sector who have worked on the frontlines of the country's COVID-19 response.

"This is an exemplary act of solidarity which recognises the service and dedication of some of the most marginalized and vulnerable members in society. It is a reminder of the exceptional contributions refugees and asylum-seekers make to the communities that welcome them," said Rema Jamous Imseis, UNHCR's Representative in Canada.

UNHCR understands the decision will benefit asylum-seekers across the country who meet eligibility requirements and who have been playing a crucial role in healthcare institutions during the pandemic.

"We have seen firsthand, across the world, that refugees, asylum-seekers and displaced people have skills and resources that can be part of the solution," Jamous Imseis said.

"They risk their own lives to support and care for others in the fight against COVID-19. From Colombia to Bangladesh, from Uganda to Canada, incredible stories have emerged as people come together to battle a disease that knows no borders".

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Arkiveringsdatum 200224:

Asylnytt 20-02-24:

Norge/ Europadomstolen: Familjeliv kränktes genom dåligt skött familjehemsplacering till sidans topp

En ung kvinna som fått asyl i Norge med sitt spädbarn bedömdes inte kunna ta hand om barnet. Barnet placerades i familjehem då mamman var sjutton år och barnet tio månader gammalt. Efter fyra och ett halvt år beslutade norska myndigheter om att familjehemsföräldrarna skulle få adoptera barnet mot mammans vilja. Mamman accepterar placeringen men ville inte att kontakten skulle brytas och kritiserar bland annat att barnet placerats i en kristen familj trots att hon själv är muslim. Enligt de norska myndigheterna har barnet mått dåligt efter träffarna med mamman och därför har dessa minskats i antal tills de bara mötts ett par gånger om året. Vittnesmål från experter går isär, då det är oklart vad barnets reaktioner beror på. Europadomstolen anser att de norska myndigheterna inte har skött ärendet med tillräcklig respekt för familjelivet från början. Dessutom har den högsta domstolen i Norge resonerat som om den sökande begärt att placeringen skulle avbrytas snarare än att hon begärt att kontakten inte ska avbrytas för all framtid. Norge har brutit mot Europakonventionens artikel 8.

Application no. 15379/16, Abdi Ibrahim v. Norway (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 190703:

Europarådet 19-06-20:

Europa/ Refugees and diverse societies, which policies for the intercultural city? till sidans topp

The Intercultural Cities (ICC) programme has launched a series of didactic and awareness videos addressing local governments wishing to evolve as intercultural municipalities. The videos give insights on how to adapt cities' institutions and services to the needs of a diverse population by implementing intercultural integration strategies that guarantee equal opportunities for everyone, without ever compromising the existing principles of respect to human rights, democracy and the rule of law.

Who are the Refugees? How can their talents benefit their new societies? What can local policies do to ensure their dignity is respected? How an intercultural integration approach can help making diversity an advantage for all?

This video, the second of the series, will introduce policy makers, practitioners and local authorities' technical staff to the main principles of the intercultural approach to refugee inclusion. A shorter version for general awareness purpose is also available

Meddelandet med länk till video (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 190517:

FRA 19-05-16:

Migrants continue to suffer from harsh stance in Member States till sidans topp

Migrants' fundamental rights continue to be challenged by a tightening up of national policies and laws towards migration, finds FRA's latest report. It highlights emerging concerns as support for healthcare and housing is cut as well as perennial problems resulting from overcrowding and asylum processing.

Yet again, the report points to examples in some Member States of changes in their position towards asylum seekers and migrants that negatively affects migrant lives.

For example, the Danish Parliament passed a bill in which all residence permits for refugees and their family members are temporary. It also foresees limiting the number of residence permits issued for family reunification if asylum applications in Denmark grow significantly in a short time period. Sanctions for rejected asylum seekers who do not stay at their designated centre will be tougher, leading to 40 days in prison in some cases.

In Greece, some people who were granted refugee status before 31 July 2017 will no longer receive housing assistance. This could lead to an increase in homelessness and hamper access to some services, such as continued education for children.

In Germany, social services are refusing to reimburse hospitals for emergency treatment of irregular migrants. In some instances, access to healthcare depends on the outcome of asylum procedures. In addition, it was reported that on average asylum seekers had to wait over seven months for access to psychotherapy, and 45% of applications for psychotherapy were rejected at the start of 2019 compared with 35% in 2018.

Elsewhere, there are new tougher asylum proposals in Austria. These include: housing in departure centres during admission; curfews; 20 days for asylum procedures which can hamper the proper scrutiny of claims; the withdrawal of asylum for certain criminal acts; and preventative detention for some asylum seekers.

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Arkiveringsdatum 190415:

Asylnytt 19-04-15:

Nederländerna/ Begränsning för krigsförbrytares familj OK enligt Europadomstolen till sidans topp

Europadomstolen har behandlat flera ärenden från Nederländerna som gäller familjers rätt till inkomstprövad skattereduktion som ska underlätta att betala hyra, sjukvårdsförsäkring och barnomsorg. I samtliga fall hade en förälder nekats uppehållstillstånd eller fått uppehållstillstånd indraget på grund av Genèvekonventionens § 1F, tex att de begått grova brott under konflikten i hemlandet. Detta har lett till att även familjemedlemmar uteslutits från förmånerna, trots att de bott länge i landet, har uppehållstillstånd och i två av fallen blivit medborgare i Nederländerna. Två av ärendena rör även barn. Europadomstolen betraktar dock anmälningarna som uppenbart ogrundade. Att ha regler som är till för att förmå personer att lämna landet om de befinner sig där illegalt är legitimt enligt domstolen. Besluten är inte heller diskriminerande eftersom det är tillåtet att göra åtskillnad mellan grupper i olika situation. Domstolen påpekar också att det inte rör sig om grundläggande rättigheter. Europadomstolen anser också att Nederländerna gjort en tillräcklig avvägning av barnens intressen.

Applications nos. 71815/14 and 71827/14, DORANI and KHAWATI v the Netherlands (Extern länk)

Applications nos. 70475/14 and 70530/14, AGHMADI and JAGHUBI v the Netherlands (Extern länk)

Application no. 36558/14, HEERAWI v the Netherlands (Extern länk)

Application no. 34299/14, SAID v the Netherlands (Extern länk)

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Campfire Innovation 19-03-29:

Grekland/ What the ESTIA evictions mean for dignified humanitarian aid till sidans topp

The 31st of March 2019 is the deadline for recognised refugees that received their status before 31st of July 2017 to leave their accommodation. This applies to both camps and ESTIA apartments, an accommodation program funded by UNHCR hosting almost 23,000 asylum seekers and refugees.

Ever since that announcement, refugees, citizen-led organisations, INGOs and aid workers have expressed their fear that many refugees will find themselves homeless because of this decision.

How many people will be affected?

All camps across Greece are affected, including camps in the islands. It is unclear how many recognised refugees having received their status by 31st of July 2017 are in camps.

According to estimates shared in coordination meetings, about 1700 received their asylum before August 2017.

As of December 2018 about 4,500 recognised refugees live in ESTIA accommodation.

287 cases were submitted for vulnerability to be excluded from removal (cases can include whole families),

165 cases have been granted extensions on the basis of being too vulnerable to be removed, advanced pregnancy, children attending local schools, inability to access bank accounts or AFM numbers (tax registration numbers needed to open bank accounts and rent flats).

121 cases have been asked to leave.

While the number might seems small, this is a first wave of removals. There are no exact estimate for how many of the 23,000 in ESTIA flats, or when, how or who goes first. Anyone receiving asylum after January 2019 will receive 6 months of support so expect some of those evictions/departures to also become visible by June 2019.

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Arkiveringsdatum 190123:

Pro Asyl 19-01-16:

Grekland/ Deportation into a dead-end: The situation of recognized refugees in Greece till sidans topp

Last July the Federal Constitutional Court stopped the deportation of a Syrian refugee to Greece. The ruling was based, amongst others, on a PRO ASYL/RSA legal report, which has been updated in the meantime. The case of an Iranian family deported from Switzerland illustrates the hopeless situation refugees find themselves in when deported to Greece

The Federal Constitutional Court ruled on July 31st 2018 that it cannot be generally assumed, that recognized beneficiaries of international protection in Greece can be returned. It has to be examined on a case-by-case basis whether the livelihood of those affected is guaranteed and whether access to shelter, food and sanitary facilities is ensured. The complainant drew largely upon a legal report produced by PRO ASYL/RSA in June 2017. Lawsuits conducted by recognized refugees against deportations to Greece before administrative courts, referring to the findings of the PRO ASYL/ RSA report, have also been successful.

The bottom line of our 2017 report was: "The current living conditions of beneficiaries of international protection in Greece are alarming, as beneficiaries do not only suffer from the lack of integration prospects into Greek society, but they are often faced with inadequate living conditions and humanitarian standards, a precarious socio-economic situation, and even have problems in securing their very existence. Such a situation undermines the effectiveness of the provided protection in line with The 1951 Refugee Convention and European law. An international protection status, which in practice does not necessarily secure a dignified life for its holder, amounts to no more than protection 'on paper'."

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Pro Asyl 18-08-30: Update: Legal note on the living conditions of beneficiaries of international protection in Greece (Extern länk till pdf-fil)

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Arkiveringsdatum 181204:

ECRE 18-11-30:

Internationellt/ RSC Report: Refugees as Providers of Protection and Assistance till sidans topp

Oxford University's Refugee Studies Centre has published a report on the importance of refugee-led community organisations (RCOs) in low- and middle-income countries. By examining four cases of refugee-led social protection in Kenya (Nairobi and Kakuma) and Uganda (Kampala and Nakivale), the research shows that, in contrast to the dominant humanitarian model premised upon a provider/beneficiary relationship, refugees themselves are important and often neglected providers of protection and assistance.

The report describes that at the global level, the rhetoric around RCO's is gradually changing, and there has been increasing recognition of the need to support refugee lead initiatives. However they are still absent from most of the crucial strategy documents published by the United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), while formal partnerships between the UNHCR and RCOs are discussed rarely and with varying significance from country to country.

RCOs often lack funding in a dilemma the report explains as a "chicken and egg" problem; "In order to receive recognition and funding, they need to have capacity. But in order to have capacity, they need recognition and funding". Nevertheless they often provide protection and assistance in areas as diverse as education, health, livelihoods, finance, and housing, despite their lack of access to external funding or recognition. In many cases refugee recipients regard these informal sources of social as more important than formal sources of assistance, and some RCOs thrive largely due to individual leadership and the creation of transnational networks that bypass the formal humanitarian system.

The reports suggests that by engaging with RCOs, the UNHCR and other donors and international organisations can meet their commitment to the localisation agenda and assist them to become sustainable providers of social protection on a more participatory basis, within formal partnership structures.

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AIDA 18-11-21:

Österrike/ Social welfare restrictions on refugees contrary to EU law till sidans topp

The Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) held in C-713/17 Ayubi that persons granted refugee status must be granted the same level of social assistance as nationals of the host country in accordance with the recast Qualification Directive, regardless of whether they have temporary or permanent residence.

In recent years, a number Austrian provinces (Lower Austria, Upper Austria, Voralberg) have introduced rules precluding refugees with a temporary residence permit from access to the needs-based minimum benefit (bedarfsorientierte Mindestsicherung, BMS) under the same conditions as Austrian nationals, and instead offering them lower levels of support. In Upper Austria, whose Administrative Court (LVwG) made the preliminary reference to the CJEU, refugees received 405 ¤ per month and an additional 155 ¤ subject to compliance with integration measures, while nationals received 921.30 ¤.

The CJEU clarified in Ayubi that the right to social assistance under Article 29 of the Directive is attached to refugee status and not to the residence permit issued to people granted protection. Accordingly, refugees are entitled to social benefits under the same conditions as nationals, irrespective of the duration of validity of their residence permit.

The same is not true for beneficiaries of subsidiary protection, to whom Member States are allowed to grant lower levels of social assistance under the Directive. This is done by several Austrian provinces (Burgenland, Lower Austria, Salzburg and Styria) in practice.

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Arkiveringsdatum 181108:

IOM 18-11-02:

Grekland/ Access to school aids social inclusion of migrants, refugees till sidans topp

Access to regular schooling has enabled migrant and refugee children to make friends with students from other cultures, said 84 per cent of surveyed children in open accommodation centres in Greece.

The findings of the survey, conducted by IOM, the UN Migration Agency, reveal the quality of community relations is directly affected by students' personal experience with the educational institutions. Results indicate that satisfaction with the daily school experience is an essential precondition for the integration of students in the education system.

"I enjoy going to school and my favourite subject is English, but I also want to keep learning Greek. I really like the Greek language," said 10-year-old Sidad, from Iraq.

"When I grow up, I want to be an interpreter. I don't have any Greek friends yet. But we go to school together every day and play ball during the breaks," he continued.

Survey data also demonstrated that most respondents (62%) had prior formal education in their home countries. The vast majority of surveyed children (84%) reported to have either made friends or regularly interacted with Greek and other students and have smoothly integrated into the school environment.

Senior high school students were evidently more engaged in attending classes, as the drop-out rate was just over 11 per cent, compared to 30 per cent among primary and 27 per cent among high school students.

Incidence of drop-outs can be attributed to various factors, including outflows from sites and the movement of families to urban areas, or even to other European countries such as through the EU Relocation Programme, which ended in March 2018. Prioritizing the attainment of basic needs such as food and shelter was another factor affecting drop-out rates.

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Källor: Informationen på denna sida är hämtad från följande källor (externa länkar): EU (kommissionen, ministerrådet, parlamentet och domstolen), Europarådet (mr-kommissionären, domstolen, kommittén mot tortyr), FN:s flyktingkommissariat UNHCR, FN:s kommitté mot tortyr m.fl. FN-organ, Sveriges Radio, SvT, andra svenska media via Nyhetsfilter och pressmeddelanden via Newsdesk, utländska media till exempel via Are You Syrious och Rights in Exile, internationella organisationer som Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, ECRE, Statewatch och Picum, organisationer i Sverige som Rädda Barnen, Asylrättscentrum, Svenska Amnesty, FARR och #vistårinteut samt myndigheter och politiska organ som Migrationsverket, Sveriges domstolar, JO, Justitiedepartementet m.fl. departement och Sveriges Riksdag.

Bevakning: Hjalte Lagercrantz och Sanna Vestin. Sammanställning: Sanna Vestin. Asylnytt är ett ideellt projekt. Sponsring avser prenumerationsavgifter. Tips emottages tacksamt.