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Arkiveringsdatum 211231:

Frontex 21-12-09:

Litauen/ Frontex and Lithuania agree on service weapons delivered to Frontex corps till sidans topp

Today, on the margins of the Justice and Home Affairs Council, Frontex Executive Director Fabrice Leggeri signed an agreement with Lithuania's Minister of Interior Agné Bilotaité to deploy Frontex standing corps officers equipped with service weapons provided by Lithuania.

The agreement has been signed in the presence of EU Commissioner for Home Affairs Ylva Johansson and Slovenia's Minister of Interior Ales Hojs.

"This is a historic step for the standing corps and the European Union," said Frontex Executive Director Fabrice Leggeri.

"The Frontex standing corps officers have undergone extensive firearms training, they have been vetted by national authorities and have completed a psychological assessment. I am grateful to Commissioner Johansson and the EU presidency for their presence. This will give us more flexibility to continue our support to Lithuania after the end of the rapid intervention," he added.

For the first time, the Frontex standing corps officers recruited as EU statutory staff (category 1) will be able to carry firearms for patrolling activities. This agreement will be followed by similar agreements with other national authorities in the coming months.

The use of force by Frontex staff is governed by the regulation on the European Border and Coast Guard, and includes a specific control mechanism. The officers work under the command of national authorities. Any incident involving the use of force shall be immediately reported to Frontex.

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Arkiveringsdatum 211122:

BVMN 21-11-16:

Östeuropa/ Balkan Region Report - October 2021 till sidans topp

Summary and analysis of pushbacks and internal violence documented by bvmn during the month of october.

In October the Border Violence Monitoring Network (BVMN) shared 36 testimonies of pushbacks impacting 986 people-on-the-move across the Balkans. This report brings together first hand accounts from a range of countries in the region to look at the way European Union states and other actors are affecting systemic violence towards people crossing borders.

BVMN is a network of watchdog organisations active in the Balkans, Greece and Turkey including No Name Kitchen, Rigardu, Are You Syrious, Mobile Info Team, Disinfaux Collective, Josoor, [re:]ports Sarajevo, InfoKolpa, Centre for Peace Studies, Mare Liberum, Collective Aid and Fresh Response. Combining insights from these different members, the report analyses among other things:

+ Dead and missing in Evros

+ Romanian pushbacks and developments in Majdan

+ Apprehensions near the Slovenian-Italian border

+ Lighthouse Reports video and Ministry response

+ Pushbacks in the Aegean

+ Squat evictions in Serbia and Bosnia Herzegovina

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 210904:

UNHCR 21-08-19:

Sydostasien/ UNHCR: Rohingya refugees facing deadlier journeys in the Bay of Bengal till sidans topp

UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, revealed today that 2020 was the deadliest year on record for refugee journeys in the Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea.

Over the last year, the COVID-19 pandemic prompted many States in Southeast Asia to tighten their borders, leading to the highest numbers of refugees stranded at sea since the region's "boat crisis" in 2015.

UNHCR's new report, titled "Left Adrift at Sea: Dangerous Journeys of Refugees Across the Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea", also highlights that some two-thirds of those attempting these perilous voyages are women and children.

These deadly journeys are not a new phenomenon. Over the past decade, thousands of Rohingya refugees have left by sea from Rakhine State in Myanmar and from the refugee camps in Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh. The roots of these dangerous journeys are found in Myanmar, where the Rohingya were stripped of their citizenship and denied basic rights.

For the Rohingya who found refuge in neighbouring countries, restrictions on movement, livelihoods and education are compelling factors to seek a future elsewhere in the region. Motivations are various, often overlapping, and also include aspirations of reuniting with family members.

The risks have increased markedly for those attempting the journey. Of the 2,413 who are known to have travelled in 2020, 218 died or went missing at sea. This means that journeys were 8 times deadlier in 2020 than those in 2019.

In contrast to earlier periods where most of those travelling were men, the majority of passengers are now women and children. They are at even greater risk of abuse by smugglers when making such journeys. Their ordeal was made worse because safe harbours to end their dangerous journey were nowhere to be found.

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Border Violence Monitoring Network 21-08-25:

Östeuropa/ Balkan Region Report - July 2021 till sidans topp

Summary and analysis of pushbacks and internal violence documented by BVMN during the month of July.

The Border Violence Monitoring Network (BVMN) documented 22 pushbacks in the July reporting period, affecting a total of 544 people-on-the-move across the Balkans. This report brings together first hand accounts of police violence with updates from various border areas, including Bulgaria, Croatia, Romania and Italy. The publication contains an in-depth look at patterns of collective expulsion and internal violence, as well as various field and policy updates from the region.

BVMN is a network of watchdog organisations active in Greece and the Western Balkans including No Name Kitchen, Rigardu, Are You Syrious, Mobile Info Team, Disinfaux Collective, Josoor, [re:]ports Sarajevo, InfoKolpa, Centre for Peace Studies, Mare Liberum, Collective Aid and Fresh Response. Combining insights from these different members, the report analyses among other things:

+ Croatian border rivers in pushbacks and transit

+ Direct pushback trends from Bulgaria

+ Death of child on Lesvos and new 'hotspot' announced on Samos

+ Police violence in Serbia, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Romania

+ Successful court ruling on Hungarian asylum breache

The report also contains information on the renewed joint border patrols between Italy and Slovenia, the donation of border equipment by the European Union to Bosnia-Herzegovina, Greek government denials and admissions on pushbacks, and analysis on Slovenia's Presidency of the Council of the EU. Together, these various developments from across the region portray a migration regime which has weaponised borders and interiors against human mobility in a cruel and fatal way.

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Arkiveringsdatum 210808:

Frontex 21-07-30:

Litauen/ EU solidarity in Lithuania till sidans topp

Today, 60 additional standing corps officers have arrived in Lithuania to support the country with migration management due to increased pressure at its border with Belarus.

Earlier this month, Lithuanian authorities asked Frontex for additional support and the launch of a rapid border intervention.

In total, the agency is currently deploying 100 officers, 30 patrol cars and two helicopters in Lithuania. Experts from the Frontex European Centre for Return will also visit Vilnius next week to share information about types of return operations coordinated by the agency and discuss potential Frontex support.

The standing corps officers will work alongside their Lithuanian colleagues and help them with border checks, border surveillance, as well as the registration, identification and screening of the irregular migrants crossing the border.

After joining an operational briefing to get familiar with the current situation and the operational area, the officers will travel to selected border crossing points and start their activities the following day.

Since the beginning of the year, Lithuanian authorities registered more than 3200 illegal entries from Belarus. More than half of the detected migrants came from Iraq, followed by nationals from Congo (Brazzaville) and Cameroon.

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Arkiveringsdatum 210720:

Frontex 21-07-12:

Litauen/ Frontex launches rapid intervention in Lithuania till sidans topp

The Executive Director of Frontex has agreed to launch a rapid border intervention at Lithuania's border with Belarus to assist with the growing migration pressure.

Lithuanian authorities sent an official request for a rapid border intervention to Frontex on Saturday evening. Frontex has already sent officers and equipment to Lithuania on 1 July.

"The situation at Lithuania's border with Belarus remains worrying. I have decided to send a rapid border intervention to Lithuania to strengthen EU's external border," said Frontex Executive Director Fabrice Leggeri.

"We will reinforce our assistance and send additional border guards, patrol cars and specialised officers for conducting interviews with migrants to gather information on criminal networks involved. This is EU solidarity in action," he added.

Only in the first week of July, Lithuanian authorities recorded more than 800 illegal border crossings at its border with Belarus. While in the first half of the year most migrants came from Iraq, Iran and Syria, recently the authorities have seen a change in the composition of migratory flows. In July, nationals of the Republic of Congo, Gambia, Guinea, Mali and Senegal accounted for the majority of arrivals.

Rapid border interventions are designed to bring immediate assistance to an EU Member State that is under urgent and exceptional pressure at its external border, especially related to large numbers of non-EU nationals trying to enter its territory illegally.

Within the next days, the agency will deploy Frontex's own border guards together with officers from the Member States as part of the European Border and Coast Guard Standing Corps. They will work alongside their Lithuanian colleagues to jointly show Europe's response to the ongoing crisis.

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EASO 21-07-15: Lithuania to receive immediate operational support from EASO (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 210701:

Human Rights Watch 21-06-28:

USA/ Exceptions to US border expulsion policy fail to address flaws till sidans topp

Thousands have been expelled under abusive policy

The New York Times reported last week that the United States would lift a public health bar on migrants crossing the border into the country for families, but that it would keep expelling single adults, at least until the end of the summer. The US has expelled single adults more than 262,000 times under the rule. And many of them, including Black and lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people and adults with disabilities, are as vulnerable as the family members now being allowed to enter.

While the exemption is good news for children and families, the ongoing bar on single people is both wrongheaded and nonsensical and shows the absurdity of the policy.

The foundation for this policy, rolled out under the administration of former President Donald Trump, is the Public Health Service Act of 1944, which was designed to confer quarantine authority to health authorities that would apply to everyone, including US citizens, arriving from a foreign country. Quarantine authority was never meant to be used to pick and choose who could or couldn't be expelled.

So, by barring only irregular border crossers, the Trump administration had already turned the public health rationale on its head. And while the move by President Joe Biden's administration to ease restrictions is welcome, the policy makes no more sense now with this exemption in place, and remains as arbitrary and ill-advised as it did under the Trump administration.

Ask yourself: Is a person traveling with their family any more or less likely to be infected by Covid-19 than a person traveling alone? For that matter, is a person crossing a land border on foot more likely to be infected than someone arriving by plane, who is not subject to expulsion under this policy? Or, as a matter of public health, does citizenship status have any bearing on infection?

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Arkiveringsdatum 210616:

Amnesty International 21-06-11:

USA/ USA and Mexico deporting thousands of unaccompanied migrant children till sidans topp

The US and Mexican governments are forcibly returning tens of thousands of unaccompanied children to the countries they just fled in search of safety, without adequate screenings or protection from the harm they may face upon return, Amnesty International said in the new report published today, Pushed into Harm's Way.

As Mexican President López Obrador and US Vice President Harris met this week in Mexico City, they pledged to increase coordination on immigration enforcement across the region. In reality, that translates into expanding the interception and forced returns of thousands of unaccompanied children to potential harm in their countries of origin. Children account for one in three migrants and asylum-seekers in the region - including many who have been forced to cross separately from their asylum-seeking families, after being turned away by US border authorities.

"The Biden administration is summarily returning almost all unaccompanied Mexican children just hours after they seek safe haven, often without considering the risks they could face upon return. Likewise, Mexican authorities are deporting the vast majority of unaccompanied children from Central America to their home countries - often where they just fled threats or violence - even though most have family in the United States with whom they are trying to unite," said Erika Guevara-Rosas, Americas director at Amnesty International. "These are dangerous and unconscionable policies. The United States and Mexico must stop denying unaccompanied children their universal human rights to seek asylum and to family unity, no matter where they're from."

United States forcibly returning almost all unaccompanied Mexican children

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Amnesty International 21-06-11: Facts and figures: Deportations of unaccompanied migrant children by the USA and Mexico (Extern länk)

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Amnesty International 21-06-11:

Mexiko/ USA and Mexico deporting thousands of unaccompanied migrant children till sidans topp

The US and Mexican governments are forcibly returning tens of thousands of unaccompanied children to the countries they just fled in search of safety, without adequate screenings or protection from the harm they may face upon return, Amnesty International said in the new report published today, Pushed into Harm's Way.

As Mexican President López Obrador and US Vice President Harris met this week in Mexico City, they pledged to increase coordination on immigration enforcement across the region. In reality, that translates into expanding the interception and forced returns of thousands of unaccompanied children to potential harm in their countries of origin. Children account for one in three migrants and asylum-seekers in the region - including many who have been forced to cross separately from their asylum-seeking families, after being turned away by US border authorities.

"The Biden administration is summarily returning almost all unaccompanied Mexican children just hours after they seek safe haven, often without considering the risks they could face upon return. Likewise, Mexican authorities are deporting the vast majority of unaccompanied children from Central America to their home countries - often where they just fled threats or violence - even though most have family in the United States with whom they are trying to unite," said Erika Guevara-Rosas, Americas director at Amnesty International. "These are dangerous and unconscionable policies. The United States and Mexico must stop denying unaccompanied children their universal human rights to seek asylum and to family unity, no matter where they're from."

United States forcibly returning almost all unaccompanied Mexican children

(...)

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Amnesty International 21-06-11: Facts and figures: Deportations of unaccompanied migrant children by the USA and Mexico (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 210603:

Protecting Rights at Borders / ECRE 21-05-21:

Östeuropa/ New report on pushbacks across six European countries till sidans topp

In the report "Pushing Back Responsibility. Rights Violations as a "Welcome Treatment" at Europe's borders", Protecting Rights at Borders (PRAB) has collected testimonies of 2,162 cases of pushbacks, including chain pushbacks over multiple countries. The report covers rights violations at borders in Italy, Greece, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, North Macedonia, and Hungary.

Based on an extensive collection of testimonies from the Central Mediterranean and Western Balkan routes, as well as at the EU's internal borders, the report concludes that: "Pushbacks continue to be systematically used by EU Member States and neighboring countries..." and "can be considered a de-facto tool for border management by some countries".

Of the total of 2,162 pushbacks recorded by PRAB partners between January and April 2021, 176 involved chain pushbacks. 24% of the cases involved physical abuse and assault, 27% involved theft, extortion and destruction of property, at the hands of national border police and law enforcement officials. 13% of pushback cases involved children.

In order to re-establish trust and monitor human rights violations the report recommends the establishment of national independent mechanisms to start investigations once evidence is collected by the mechanism or is referred to it: "This would be a tool to hold perpetrators accountable, end impunity and ensure access to justice".

The report further notes that pushbacks should be seen in the wider context of: "an overall trend, a so-called race to the bottom, with regards to respect for the fundamental rights of migrants, asylum seekers and refugees. While governments - deliberately - do not respect and often directly violate migrants', refugees' and asylum seekers' rights under human rights law, humanitarian organisations are often prevented from providing assistance in line with their humanitarian mandates.

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Arkiveringsdatum 210416:

IOM 21-04-08:

Internationellt/ First comprehensive global analysis of COVID-19 travel restrictions till sidans topp

While the overall picture of cross-border human mobility in 2020 is of movement dramatically curtailed as a result of measures imposed by governments since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, a new report shows a varying reality over time and by region, with particularly harsh effects for refugees and other migrants who move out of necessity.

The report resulting from the collaboration by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and the Migration Policy Institute (MPI) marks the first comprehensive analysis of the travel measures and border closures that governments around the world took during 2020-which at their peak in mid-December exceeded 111,000 in place at one time. The report, COVID-19 and the State of Global Mobility in 2020, results from MPI analysis of IOM's COVID-19 Mobility Impacts platform, which collects all of the actions taken by countries and subnational authorities to close international borders, restrict travel between particular locations, impose quarantines and health requirements for travellers, and establish "travel bubbles" and other arrangements.

"The COVID-19 pandemic has gravely impacted global mobility, stranding millions of people, migrant labourers, family members or international students overseas," said IOM Director General António Vitorino. "This report draws out these dynamics over the course of 2020 and highlights the ways governments are attempting to restart mobility in 2021 and beyond."

Cross-border mobility in 2020 can be divided into three phases, the report's authors find:

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Human Rights Watch 21-04-08:

USA/ Misguided public health border expulsions till sidans topp

Biden administration returning asylum seekers to harm

The United States government's summary expulsion of irregular border crossers without regard to their asylum claims or need for protection on ostensible public health grounds puts lives at risk and violates US obligations under international law, Human Rights Watch said today in releasing a "question and answer" analysis. The administration of President Joe Biden should immediately stop returning asylum seekers to harm and rescind the March 2020 order invoked to authorize the expulsions.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) issued the order under pressure from the administration of former President Donald Trump. The order, which is based on the misapplication of Title 42 of US law - an obscure 1944 public health law not intended for immigration enforcement purposes - has been wrongfully used to give US Customs and Border Protection (CBP) unchecked authority to summarily expel migrants, including asylum seekers, arriving at US land borders.

"President Biden promised during his campaign to restore the right to seek asylum, but close to 100 days into his administration, Trump's border expulsion policy remains in place," said Ariana Sawyer, US border researcher at Human Rights Watch. "The Biden administration should immediately stop returning asylum seekers to harm, and instead build a humane border regime that protects public health and respects rights."

CBP agents have so far performed more than 642,700 expulsions under the CDC order, which uses public health as a pretext for dismissing human rights obligations. Under the order, agents have been denying asylum seekers access to nonrefoulement screenings required under US and international law to ensure they are not returned to persecution or torture.

The expulsion policy is only being applied at the border, and other travelers do not face the same restrictions.

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Border Violence Monitoring Network 21-04- 14:

Östeuropa/ Balkan Region Report - April 2021 till sidans topp

In April, the Border Violence Monitoring Network (BVMN) reported on 42 pushbacks, impacting 1125 people-on-the-move at borders across the Balkans. This report brings together the latest first hand testimony and data on these incidents, highlighting the violent methods used by police across the EU external border. The report also looks at the involvement of other actors in violence at borders and interiors, such as right wing groups.

As a network comprised of grassroots organisations active in Greece and the Western Balkans, this report was produced via a joint-effort between Are You Syrious, Mobile Info Team, No Name Kitchen, Rigardu, Josoor, IPSIA, Disinfaux Collective, InfoKolpa, Centre for Peace Studies, Re:ports Sarajevo, Mare Liberum, Collective Aid and Fresh Response.

This report analyses among other things:

+ Court ruling for Madina Hussiny's family

+ Translation and linguistic violence in pushbacks

+ Border sites used in Albanian & Romanian removals

+ Cycle of pushback violence in Evros region

+ Right wing delegations and harrasment of squats

Read the full report to find out more on these topics and other developments in April, including the expansion of surveillance in Greek camps, the closure of Kara Tepe, large pushbacks from Samos, and the COVID-19 conditions in camps in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Together, these updates offer a grim insight into the way transit, reception and removals are being structured violently against people-on-the-move in the Balkans.

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Arkiveringsdatum 210402:

American Immigration Council 21-03-23:

USA/ Facts about the current situation at the border till sidans topp

The nation has turned its attention to the current situation at the U.S.-Mexico border, including the rise in immigrant children in U.S. government custody. Much of the conversation has focused on a supposed surge in arrivals under the Biden administration, but the current increase began well before President Biden took office. Here are five facts about the border.

1. Border encounters have been rising for months. The current rise began in April 2020, when President Trump instituted the practice of expelling all individuals encountered at the border under public health authority allegedly provided by Title 42 of the U.S. Code. Under Title 42, any single adult or family crossing the border from Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, or El Salvador were immediately turned around and sent back to Mexico. Unaccompanied children and most individuals from other countries were taken into custody, held for days or weeks, and then deported by plane back to their home country.

After implementing Title 42, the number of single adults crossing the border began rising rapidly, from a low of 14,754 in April to 62,041 in December. Many encounters are the same people trying to cross multiple times, as primarily Mexican men are turned back within hours, letting them try again quickly.

While the number of unaccompanied children and families encountered at the border also rose over that same period, it rose in much smaller numbers. Even after President Biden took office, in February 2021 a full 71% of all people encountered at the border were single adults, not families or children. The number of families apprehended at the border is still half that of February 2019.

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Läs mer (Extern länk)

Congressional Research Service 21-03-19: Asylum Processing at the Border: Legal Basics (Extern länk)

Caitlin Dickerson in The Atlantic 21-03-29: America's Immigration Amnesia. Despite recurrent claims of crisis at the border, the United States still does not have a coherent immigration policy (Extern länk)

The New Yorker 21-03-28: "Biden and the Blame Game at the Border," (Extern länk)

Fler artiklar: (Extern länk)

Forced Migration Current Awareness 21-04-03: Commentary, reporting & resources on the border "crisis"

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Arkiveringsdatum 210226:

UNHCR 21-02-24:

USA/ UN agencies begin processing at Matamoros till sidans topp

UN agencies today will begin to prepare individuals and families in the informal camp in Matamoros, Mexico for entry to the United States in line with the U.S. plan to terminate a policy known as the Migrant Protection Protocols (MPP) that forced asylum-seekers to wait for their U.S. immigration hearings in Mexico.

UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, on Wednesday begins in-person registration of an estimated 750 people who have been living in the informal camp at Matamoros. A first group could be permitted to enter the United States later this week, pending authorization from U.S. authorities, who decide who will enter and when.

In addition to registration by UNHCR, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) is conducting COVID-19 tests to ensure protection of public health while the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) is ensuring humane treatment of children and their families.

This action from UN agencies comes at the request of the U.S. and Mexican governments to assist with the re-entry into the United States of an estimated 25,000 people who have active immigration proceedings in the U.S. but were returned to wait in Mexico under the MPP program.

Both governments have prioritized the Matamoros camp due to the difficult humanitarian conditions there. Other individuals with active MPP cases residing outside the Matamoros camp will also be processed.

Following termination of the MPP program, a first group with active MPP cases entered the United States on February 19 at the San Ysidro port of entry between Tijuana and San Diego.

UNHCR, IOM and UNICEF support the termination of the MPP program and the addressing of the grave humanitarian situation of the thousands of people who have been waiting at the United States-Mexico border since as early as 2019.

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Amnesty International 21-02-22:

Indien/ Rohingya stranded in Indian Ocean must be rescued and disembarked till sidans topp

Responding to reports that a group of Rohingya refugees and at least three Bangladeshi nationals are stranded on a boat in the Andaman Sea and are in urgent need of rescue and disembarkation, Saad Hammadi, Amnesty International's South Asia Campaigner, said:

"Instead of passing on responsibility to other states, governments in the region must immediately deploy search and rescue measures to assist those stranded in the vessel, who are in desperate need of food, water and a safe place to disembark free of discrimination.

"Too many lives have already been lost at sea as the result of countries refusing to assist Rohingya people on boats. Another repeat of those shameful incidents must be avoided here.

"After years of limbo in Bangladesh and following the recent coup in Myanmar, Rohingya people feel they have no option but to undertake these perilous journeys. With a new 'sailing season' already underway, thousands more could yet take to boats. Regional governments must adhere to their international obligations to rescue and disembark people in distress at sea."

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Arkiveringsdatum 210125:

IOM 21-01-19:

Kenya/ IOM assists border control on route linking Ethiopia, Kenya till sidans topp

Ethiopia, Africa's second largest country (by population) after Nigeria, is also one of the continent's largest sources of international migrants.

Along its vast national circumference -some 5,311 kilometres, connecting Ethiopia to Sudan, South Sudan, Eritrea, Djibouti, Kenya and Somalia- government control posts are limited. Lack of adequate staffing and modern technology impedes proper migration management, a matter of concern for national governments as well as for the International Organization for Migration (IOM).

At the start of this new year, IOM has helped open a new Border Control Post (BCP) between Ethiopia and Kenya. The post, at Neprumus in Ethiopia's Dasenech district, straddles one of the 830-kilometer Ethiopia-Kenya frontier's most frequented migratory routes, alongside a major route for Ethiopian migrants trying to reach South Africa. Ethiopians normally pass through Kenya into Tanzania, then travel further south.

In March 2020, at least 60 Ethiopian migrants in irregular situation were killed after being trapped in a lorry along this route. Hence, the urgent need for better and improved border control posts in the region.

"Supporting the establishment of modern and efficient BCPs will facilitate safe and orderly migration of citizens, enhance the relationship between bordering countries, provide protection, and increase the political and socio-economic stability between Ethiopia and Kenya," explained Kederalah Idris, IOM's Better Migration Management (BMM) Project Officer.

IOM is also supporting Ethiopia's Immigration, Nationality, and Vital Events Agency (INVEA) with training to enhance the capacity of immigration officers, and at the same time supplying infrastructure and office equipment, computers, and generators to establish new border control posts.

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Arkiveringsdatum 201124:

UNHCR 20-11-19:

Internationellt/ UNHCR warns 2020 risks lowest resettlement levels in recent history till sidans topp

2020 will be a record low for refugee resettlement, UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, warns today.

"We are dealing with a disappointingly low resettlement ceiling to begin with - a quota of less than 50,000 for the entire year - and this was further impacted by COVID-19 delaying departures and pausing some states' resettlement programs," said UNHCR's Assistant High Commissioner for Protection, Gillian Triggs.

According to latest UNHCR data, only 15,425 refugees were resettled from January to the end of September this year, compared to 50,086 over the same period last year.

"Current rates point to one of the lowest levels of resettlement witnessed in almost two decades. This is a blow for refugee protection and for the ability to save lives and protect those most at risk," said Triggs.

UNHCR is urging states to resettle as many refugees as possible in 2020 in order not to lose those resettlement opportunities for refugees, and to maintain resettlement quotas for 2021.

Some countries have established or expanded their capacities to apply flexible processing modalities and are safely managing resettlement travel with recommended protocols in place. UNHCR is encouraging others to do the same.

"Expanding safe and legal pathways to protection, including through resettlement, saves refugees' lives and it can also mitigate their resort to dangerous journeys by land or sea," Triggs said.

The impact of COVID-19 put on hold life-saving evacuation of refugees from Libya on 12 March, only restarting again on 15 October. Some 280 refugees who were previously evacuated to emergency transit facilities in Niger and Rwanda are currently waiting to depart to resettlement countries, while 354 people are waiting for decisions from resettlement countries.

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Human Rights Watch 20-10-21: US, Australia Hit New Lows on Refugee Resettlement (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 201111:

House Judiciary Dems 20-10-29:

USA/ Committee releases report on Trump administration family separation policy till sidans topp

Family separation policy was "driven by an Administration that was willfully blind to its cruelty and determined to go to unthinkable extremes to deliver on political promises..."

Today, the House Judiciary Committee released the findings of its 21-month investigation into the development and execution of the Trump Administration's family separation policy, which resulted in more than 2,500 migrant children becoming unnecessarily separated from their parents.

The report, entitled "The Trump Administration's Family Separation Policy: Trauma, Destruction, and Chaos," provides the first complete narrative of the inhumane family separation policy, in the Administration's own words. The investigation revealed the Trump Administration's family separation policy lasted far longer than is commonly known and was marked by reckless incompetence and intentional cruelty. Worse still, administration officials knew that the government lacked the capacity to track separated family members and moved forward with separations anyway. As a result, efforts to reunify separated children continue to this day.

"The Committee's report makes clear that Trump Administration was willing to go to extreme lengths, including ripping young children and children with disabilities from the arms of their parents, to stop migrants fleeing violence from seeking protection in the United States," said Judiciary Committee Chairman Jerrold Nadler (D-NY) and Immigration Subcommittee Chair Zoe Lofgren (D-CA) in a joint statement. "Now, more than year since the end of this cruel policy, the Trump Administration has failed to reunite hundreds of children with their families. The incompetence is unforgiveable. As we move forward, we need a whole of government approach to reunite these families and put an end to this dark chapter in our nation's history."

The Committee's report draws the following conclusions:

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ECRE 20-10-23:

Östeuropa/ Report on illegal pushbacks and border violence in the Balkan region till sidans topp

In the latest issue of its Illegal Pushbacks and Border Violence Report, the watchdog network Border Violence Monitoring analyses 40 cases of pushbacks along the Balkan Route and Greece that affected 1,548 people on the move in September 2020. According to the report, the collected testimonies are extremely alarming and demonstrate how the existing EU border regime is underpinned by horrendous abuse.

A number of pushbacks were documented in Tovarnik at the Croatian border with Bosnia and Herzegovina, which affected people intercepted across Croatia and through chain pushbacks people intercepted in Slovenian and Italian territories. The patterns of physical mistreatment during these operations by Croatian border police suggests a systematic use of violence. Recurrent abuse involved being beaten, forced to undress, and having belongings stolen or destroyed. Both men, women, and children were affected.

The report highlights the widespread use of weapons during violent pushback operations across the region including assault rifles, pistols, batons and tasers. Further, the use of more improvised and non-standard weapons emphasises the demonstrative nature of the abuse that exceeds regular policing practices. During an earlier reported case, Romanian police used an improvised whip consisting of an cable attached to a wooden baton to lash a group of Syrian nationals. And also the use of tree branches in beatings is frequently recorded.

Chain pushbacks across multiple countries continued to take place during the reporting period. In an incident from mid-September, a group of five was intercepted in the Austrian village of Laafeld and handed over to Slovenian police. Subsequently the group was further pushed back to Croatia and finally beyond EU borders to Bosnia and Herzegovina. A testimony report suggests that there was at least one more case of a chain pushback from Austria to Bosnia and Herzegovina in September.

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Arkiveringsdatum 200913:

ECRE 20-08-28:

Östeuropa/ Balkans: New report details illegal pushbacks and border violence till sidans topp

The Border Violence Monitoring Network (BVMN) published its monthly report highlighting 21 incidents of illegal pushbacks during July across the Balkan region. The report shares the experience of 389 people and details rights violations occurring at the external border of the European Union.

The report gives special focus to the testimonies collected from persons pushed back from Romania to Serbia. Two groups described a practise by Romanian authorities apprehending people seeking to transit through Serbian territory in the border region. Reportedly, removing them and detaining them in Romania for short periods and where they were exposed to violent and abusive treatment. According to testimony collected by BVMN in Sid: "All but children were beaten." The striking similarity between the testimonies collected from pushback incidents over 50km apart suggests that such practises represent a structural approach by Romanian authorities.

Further, violent pushbacks from Bosnia to Serbia, across the Drina River, were recorded by video. Police officers were filmed pushing boats towards an island in the middle of the river and people were made swim from mid-way across the water. Groups interviewed by BVMN at the Greek - Macedonian border reported being beaten and kicked by officers allegedly wearing Frontex uniforms. BVMN also summarises testimony of almost daily pushbacks at the Greek Albanian border.

The publication of BVMN's report coincides with the completion of the five-day, rapid reaction visit to Croatia by the Council of Europe's Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CPT) to examine the treatment of persons attempting to enter the country, the conditions of detention and formal pre removal procedures at a number of border police stations and the country's main reception centre.

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AYS 20-09-04: Croatia: "They are crueler during the night" (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 200805:

UNHCR 20-07-29:

Afrika/ Thousands of refugees and migrants suffer extreme rights abuses on journeys till sidans topp

Thousands of refugees and migrants are dying, while many are suffering extreme human rights abuses on irregular journeys between West and East Africa and Africa's Mediterranean Coast.

A new report released today by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, and the Mixed Migration Centre (MMC) at the Danish Refugee Council, titled 'On this journey, no one cares if you live or die', details how most people taking these routes suffer or witness unspeakable brutality and inhumanity at the hands of smugglers, traffickers, militias and in some cases even State officials.

"For too long, the harrowing abuses experienced by refugees and migrants along these overland routes have remained largely invisible," said Filippo Grandi, UN High Commissioner for Refugees. "This report documents killings and widespread violence of the most brutal nature, perpetrated against desperate people fleeing war, violence and persecution. Strong leadership and concerted action are needed by States in the region, with support from the international community, to end these cruelties, protect the victims and prosecute the criminals responsible."

Collecting accurate data on deaths in the context of irregular mixed population flows controlled by human smugglers and traffickers is extremely difficult as many take place in the shadows and away from the view of authorities and their formal systems for managing data and statistics. However, the report's findings, primarily based on MMC's 4Mi data collection programme, and data from additional sources, suggest that a minimum of 1,750 people died on these journeys in 2018 and 2019. This represents a rate of least 72 deaths per month, making it one of the most deadly routes for refugees and migrants in the world. These deaths are in addition to the thousands who have died or gone missing in recent years attempting desperate journeys across the Mediterranean Sea to Europe after reaching north African shores.

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Media page: photos, video testimonies and b-roll footage (Extern länk)

Läs eller hämta rapporten "On this journey, no one cares if you live or die" (Extern länk till pdf-fil)

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Arkiveringsdatum 200624:

Amnesty International 20-06-22:

Afrika/ People seeking safety are trapped at borders due to COVID-19 measures till sidans topp

A coalition of international, national, and refugee-led organizations in the Horn, East and Central Africa (HECA) have today called on governments in the region to reopen borders for asylum seekers. The organizations are calling on governments to put in place measures that manage the current health emergency while ensuring asylum seekers can seek protection.

Countries in the HECA region host approximately 4.6 million refugees and asylum seekers and have a long history of receiving asylum seekers and providing them with protection. Before the pandemic, the countries continuously received new people seeking safety and protection from violence and conflict, political persecution, or other threats to their lives. States started closing their borders in March as a public health measure to contain the transnational spread of COVID-19, without safeguards for the many women, men and children fleeing threats to their lives and freedoms and needing to seek asylum.

"While countries in the region are faced with a genuine public health emergency, governments, with support from international partners, must find solutions that respect international human rights and refugee law commitments, including the right to seek asylum. Governments should consider measures such as medical screening or testing, preventative and time-bound quarantine facilities at border crossing points to allow access to asylum seekers," said Deprose Muchena, Amnesty International's Director for East and Southern Africa.

Burundi, Ethiopia, Rwanda, and Somalia closed their borders in March 2020. In Kenya, the borders with Somalia and Tanzania closed on 16 May. Asylum seekers and refugees who cross into Kenya are sometimes arrested and returned to the border point of entry.

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Human Rights Watch 20-05-19:

USA/ Deportation with a Layover till sidans topp

Failure of Protection under the US-Guatemala Asylum Cooperative Agreement

An agreement between the United States and Guatemala, the US-Guatemala Asylum Cooperative Agreement (ACA), enables the United States to rapidly expel non-Guatemalan asylum seekers to Guatemala without allowing them to lodge asylum claims in the United States, but also leaves them without access to effective protection in Guatemala. As a result, they are effectively compelled to abandon their asylum claims, and some who have a well-founded fear of persecution appear to be returning to their home countries where they are at real risk of serious harm.

Guatemala does not meet the standard required in US law for a "safe third country" - the ability to provide "access to a full and fair procedure for determining a claim to asylum or equivalent temporary protection."[1] Guatemala's asylum system is hamstrung by a limited legal framework that only allows high level officials to approve claims, which causes massive bottlenecks in a system that has only recently begun to function at all. At the end of March 2020 there was a backlog of 713 cases,[2] including every one of the few asylum applicants among ACA transferees;[3] the interministerial committee that decides asylum cases had not met from the time Covid-19 restrictions went into place in mid-March through the time of writing this report in late April.[4]

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Human Rights Watch 20-06-02:

USA/ Investigate 'Remain in Mexico' Program till sidans topp

The United States government should initiate an internal investigation into the Trump administration's "Remain in Mexico" program, Human Rights Watch said today after submitting a formal complaint to the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). The department should be held accountable for its failure to protect asylum seekers under the Migrant Protection Protocols (MPP) program from routine targeting in the Mexican state of Tamaulipas.

The complaint was submitted to the DHS Office of the Inspector General and the Office of Civil Rights and Civil Liberties, both of which are responsible for ensuring that the department complies with the law and its own policies.

"Under the 'Remain in Mexico' program, the Department of Homeland Security has knowingly sent tens of thousands of vulnerable asylum seekers across the border where criminal organizations have long preyed on migrants," said Ariana Sawyer, US border researcher at Human Rights Watch. "The DHS inspector general should investigate and act since Homeland Security has run roughshod over federal and international law by returning asylum seekers to harm."

Under the MPP program - known as "Remain in Mexico" - non-Mexican asylum seekers in the United States are sent to cities in Mexico while awaiting asylum hearings in US immigration court. The program has had serious rights consequences for returned asylum seekers. Human Rights Watch has repeatedly urged the US government to immediately end the program, stop returning asylum seekers to Mexico, and instead ensure them access to humanitarian support, safety, and due process in immigration court proceedings.

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Arkiveringsdatum 200521:

IOM 20-05-15:

Afrika/ Responding to the pandemic amid crises: "Stop the virus, not the people." till sidans topp

Mobility across the arid African Sahel region is a long-standing tradition and is considered a critical livelihood and adaptation strategy for millions in one of the world's harshest environments.

Now, as governments are mandating significant restrictions of movement to contain the propagation of the coronavirus (COVID-19) - notably by putting a halt on border trade and "non-essential" activities - heavy socio-economic impacts for households have begun.

"I'm stranded here for weeks, and I can't send money to my parents and my wife because I have to use the money for food and accommodation," explained Malick, a Senegalese trader once accustomed to travelling to Mauritania weekly for commerce.

Stranded since March at the Sélibabi, Mauritania, border station, he added, "Now, I can no longer support my family in Senegal, as I am jobless."

For this man, and thousands of others, this week (14 May), the International Organization for Migration (IOM) joined several UN agencies and NGOs in West and Central Africa to sound the alarm about the rapidly deteriorating crisis in the Sahel amid the COVID-19 crisis, a condition now headed to unprecedented levels of humanitarian need across the region.

UNDESA estimates there are 9.5 million West and Central African migrants currently in the region, more than 100,000 of whom are considered returning migrants. The International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development calculates cross-border trade across the Sahel today represents almost 12 per cent of the region's overall trade volume.

Therefore, mobility in the region is crucial to livelihoods in several nations, upon which the pandemic already is having a devastating impact.

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Border Violence Monitoring Network / ECRE 20-05-15:

Östeuropa/ Special Report on Violence along the Balkan Route during COVID-19 till sidans topp

The Border Violence Monitoring Network (BVMN) published a special report on human rights abuses against people in transit along the Balkan Route during the current Coronavirus outbreak. The report shows how health restrictions and border management combine to tightened measures for migrants.

The report identifies key developments, which result in further limited access to asylum and territory in the EU, healthcare, adequate accommodation, and safety from violent and collective expulsion. A rise in military deployment at borders and camps in response to COVID-19 marks the securitised approach taken by countries such as Slovenia and Serbia.

Violent pushbacks from Croatia to Serbia and Bosnia-Herzegovina (BiH) and chain pushbacks from Slovenia via Croatia continue. According to BVMN enhanced autonomy of state authorities in times of the pandemic led to increased brutality. Migrants, pushed back from Croatia to BiH, have been tagged with orange spray-paint on their heads and robbed their belongings allegedly by the Croatian police. Zoran Stevanovi?, UNHCR regional communications officer for central Europe, demands an investigation by the Croatian government to all allegations of abuse against migrants.

In Greece and Serbia pushbacks have expanded to institutional spaces with lockdown measures used as excuse to perform unlawful removals such as collective expulsions from inner city camps and centres hosting asylum-seekers. In addition, inadequate accommodation facilities remain an ongoing concern for migrants especially during a health care crisis, which makes them highly vulnerable.

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Arkiveringsdatum 200426:

ECRE 20-04-17:

Östeuropa/ Slovenia plans new barriers, pushbacks and violence continue till sidans topp

On Tuesday 14 March, Slovenia announced a plan to establish 40 kilometers of fence to stop the entry of people moving though the Balkan route. According to a recent report published by the Border Violence Monitoring Network (BVMN), the situation along the borders of the Balkans is alarming.

According to Slovenian media, 40 kilometers of fence will be erected at the southern border with Croatia in the municipalities of Ko?evje and Kostel and in the western region of Primorska. Since 2015; 169 of the 670 km of border separating Slovenia from Croatia has been gradually fenced.

A report from BVMN documents that in March 2020, the pushbacks of 165 people across the region, one third of whom suffered cruel collective expulsions from Greek territory. Of particular concern to the network are also what it defines as "chain pushback" from Slovenia to Serbia with the intermediary role of Croatia.

The use of violence during pushback operations is frequent across the region. According to a testimony collected recently at the Greek bank of the Evros river: "People were forced to undress and then, eight by eight, were loaded into a boat". In Serbia, online anti-migrant propaganda is increasing social tensions and the presence of far-right patrols at the borders and inside migrant centres is well documented.

The marginalisation of asylum seekers is exacerbated by the current Covid-19 emergency. In Croatia, the Porin Centre for asylum seekers in Zagreb was fenced off to enforce the self-isolation of about 600 people living there, without proper actions to ensure social distance and basic hygiene conditions. Similar situations are reported also in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Serbia, Greece and Italy.

Due to the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic, BVMN is facing new challenges in collecting individual testimonies but working hard to maintain the contact with people and adopt new reporting strategies.

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Arkiveringsdatum 200410:

Human Rights Watch 20-04-02:

USA/ COVID-19 policies risk asylum seekers' lives till sidans topp

The Migrant Protection Protocols (MPP) program, known as "Remain in Mexico," is driving asylum seekers to stay in unhygienic camps and shelters in Mexican border cities where they are at heightened risk of contracting the COVID-19 virus, Human Rights Watch said today. Additionally, the United States announced new travel restrictions on March 20, 2020 that would allow US border agents to deny entry to people who previously may have been held in border detention centers in the US, including unaccompanied children and other asylum seekers, trying to cross the border.

The US Department of Homeland Security (DHS) should immediately end the MPP program and reverse the new travel restrictions, Human Rights Watch said. Asylum seekers removed from the MPP program should not be detained, but rather paroled into the United States with quarantine or other measures as necessary for public health. Any policies closing the border to asylum seekers would violate US and international rights obligations.

"The US government is pushing people who are in the process of seeking asylum, including children, to live in unhygienic conditions that unnecessarily increase their risk of contracting the coronavirus," said Ariana Sawyer, US border researcher at Human Rights Watch. "The US has an obligation under international law not to compel people to risk their right to life in order to pursue their right to seek asylum."

Under the MPP program, non-Mexican asylum seekers in the United States are returned to cities in Mexico while awaiting asylum hearings in US immigration courts, where they often appear in mass group hearings. Immigration attorneys, judges, and prosecutors have called for the Department of Justice to suspend immigration court hearings to protect public health. Immigration courts have since announced that all MPP hearings scheduled through May 1 will be rescheduled, effectively stranding asylum seekers in the program in Mexico.

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Grace Meng, Human Rights Watch 20-04-07: Trump administration using pandemic as excuse to target asylum seekers (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 200306:

ECRE 20-02-21:

Östeuropa/ Balkans: new protests along the EU borders till sidans topp

A new round of marches and protests have taken place in the Balkans along EU's external borders. In Bosnia and Herzegovina 700 people were prevented by police from breaking out of the Miral camp, protesting their conditions as well as abuse by authorities across the border in Croatia.

Following arrests and violent pushbacks at the Serbian border with Hungary at the end of January, another round of protests and marches from people prevented from entering the EU took place in North Macedonia and Serbia this week. In Bosnia and Herzegovina several people were detained when hundreds of inhabitants of the Miral camp located about 10 kilometres from the border with Croatia were confronted by police on February 15. The group was protesting the widespread and well documented abuse by Croatian border police as well as the conditions in the overcrowded Miral camp hosting 1000 people - 300 above capacity.

A resident of the camp was quoted by Reuters for stating: "the Croatian police are very, very bad. We want the border to be opened. Please don't hit us anymore. Don't remove our jackets, shoes, and socks. They take it all." Conditions in the makeshift camps in North-western Bosnia where the Miral camp is located has been criticised by Doctors Without Borders (MSF) for not meeting basic living standards.

Bosnia and Herzegovina is one of the main transit countries for people seeking to enter the EU: "Everybody here wants to go to the border and go to Italy, Germany or France," stated a man from Pakistan to Reuters.

While Bosnian authorities estimates that as many as 50,000 people passed through the country en route to Europe in 2019, according to IOM the number of registered arrivals last year was 29,232. The organisation states that most have fled Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iraq, Iran and Syria, among them "families with children, elderly, unaccompanied migrant children, and those vulnerable to violence, exploitation and abuse".

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Arkiveringsdatum 200224:

Läkare utan gränser 20-02-11:

USA/ Rapport: Avskräckningspolitik hot mot migranter och asylsökande i Mexiko till sidans topp

Den nya migrationspolitik som införts av USA och Mexiko gör att många centralamerikaner tvingas leva under farliga förhållanden, något som har allvarliga konsekvenser för deras fysiska och psykiska hälsa. Det visar en rapport som Läkare Utan Gränser publicerar i dag.

- Det framgår av medicinska uppgifter och vittnesmål insamlade under flera år att många av våra patienter desperat flyr från våldet i sina hemländer, säger Sergio Martin, ansvarig för Läkare Utan Gränsers insats i Mexiko. Dessa människor har rätt till skydd och vård, och åtminstone en rättvis chans att söka asyl. Istället möter de mer våld längs migrationsrutten och är samtidigt utestängda från länder där de inte skulle vara i fara. Nu är de fast på farliga platser utan möjlighet att söka skydd.

Rapporten No Way Out (Ingen utväg) baseras på vittnesmål och intervjuer med 480 centralamerikanska migranter och asylsökande samt erfarenheter från Läkare Utan Gränsers anställda och medicinska uppgifter från mer än 26 000 personer som fått hjälp längs migrationsrutten genom Mexiko under de första nio månaderna 2019. Den medicinska evidensen visar att migranter och flyktingar utsatts för våld och misshandel i stor omfattning i sina hemländer, längs migrationsrutten och i förvar hos amerikanska och mexikanska myndigheter. Den stora mängden våld i den norra triangeln i Centralamerika (NTCA) är jämförbar med den i krigszoner, där Läkare Utan Gränser har arbetat i årtionden - och är en viktig faktor i det som driver människor att migrera norrut, till Mexiko och USA.

"Utnyttjar de allra mest sårbara"

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Arkiveringsdatum 200208:

UNHCR 20-02- 05:

Internationellt/ More resettlement needed as only 4.5 per cent of global needs met till sidans topp

Out of 1.4 million refugees estimated to be in urgent need of resettlement worldwide, only 63,696 were resettled through UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, last year.

While the number of refugees resettled in 2019 increased modestly by 14 per cent when compared to the previous year, in which 55,680 people were resettled, a tremendous gap remains between resettlement needs and the places made available by governments around the world.

"Resettlement is not a solution for all the world's refugees but it is a life saving measure to ensure the protection of those most at risk and whose lives often depend on it," said Grainne O'Hara, UNHCR's Director of International Protection.

The largest number of UNHCR-facilitated resettlement departures last year were to the United States, followed by Canada, the United Kingdom, Sweden and Germany.

Out of the more than 63,000 refugees resettled last year, the largest number originated from Syria, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Myanmar.

Increasing refugee resettlement opportunities and other complementary pathways for admission, including through family reunification, work and study routes, is one of the key objectives of the Global Compact on Refugees. It is a tangible way for states to share responsibility and show solidarity with host countries supporting large refugee populations.

To work towards increasing the number of resettlement places and admissions, as well as expanding the number of countries offering these programs, a Three-Year Strategy on Resettlement and Complementary Pathways was launched last year by governments, non- governmental organizations, civil society and UNHCR.

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Göteborgs-Posten 20-01-29:

USA/ Nya flyktingkaravaner stoppas med tårgas vid Mexikos södra gräns till sidans topp

Tusentals centralamerikaner gör återigen gemensam sak i sin önskan att resa norrut. Det kan se ut som en repris av de karavaner som 2018 satte tonen för migrationsdebatten i USA. Men det mesta har förändrats. Då möttes de av kraftsamlingar för att underlätta resan. Nu tycks alla dörrar ha stängts och soppkök har bytts mot pepparsprej.

Runt 4000 personer hade anslutit sig till den senaste karavanen med migranter när den härom veckan anlände gränsen mellan Guatemala och Mexiko. De allra flesta var från Honduras, varifrån gruppen startade i mitten av januari. Liknande karavaner blev ett fenomen i slutet av 2018, när allt fler anslöt sig till följena som startade i våldsutsatta San Pedro Sula i nordvästra Honduras.

Grupperingarna, som till stor del bestod av familjer, kvinnor och barn, uppmärksammades stort när de tilläts passera in i Mexiko och visades solidaritet längs vägen norrut. Människor fick lift och tillfälliga humanitära visum för att de snabbare och säkrare skulle kunna nå sitt mål: att ta sig till USA.

Enligt Gretchen Kuhner, chef över Mexikos Institut för kvinnliga migranter, IMUMI, ligger förklaringen till bemötandet då - efter ett kort första försök att stänga karavanerna ute - delvis i att Mexiko befann sig i något av ett vakuum i väntan på presidentskiftet, vilket gjorde att olika delstatsregeringar tog egna beslut.

- En del delstater agerade med mycket solidaritet gentemot migranterna, medan andra till exempel anlitade bussar för att de skulle bli av med dem snabbare. Så det blev ett slags ping-pong mellan delstaterna, tills de kom fram till Tijuana.

Skapade nytt nationalgarde

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Human Rights Watch 20-01-29: Returns to Mexico threaten rights, security (Extern länk)

Human Rights Watch 20-01-29: Q&A: Trump Administration's "Remain in Mexico" Program (Extern länk)

Human Rights Watch 20-02-07: US Congress Investigates Policy Harming Asylum Seekers (Extern länk)

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Amnesty International 20-02- 04:

Peru/ Unlawfully turning away Venezuelans seeking protection till sidans topp

Peru is betraying its tradition of solidarity with Venezuelans seeking protection and is now deliberately rejecting people at the border, Amnesty International revealed today in a new report, In search of safety: Peru turns its back on people fleeing Venezuela.

Venezuelan asylum-seekers trying to enter via Peru's border with Ecuador are being turned away, despite appearing to fulfil all the criteria for international protection. Peru is denying entry even to Venezuelans in evidently vulnerable situations, including older people and unaccompanied children.

"In recent years, Peru has been an example of solidarity and safe refuge. Instead of resorting to restrictive policies, it should continue to demonstrate leadership and welcome Venezuelans, in line with its domestic and international obligations to guarantee the protection of people fleeing hunger and violence in Venezuela," said Marina Navarro, executive director of Amnesty International Peru.

Since June 2019, Peru has introduced a series of measures with the deliberate aim of restricting entry to the country. The new "humanitarian visa" was effectively rendered obsolete only weeks after its introduction, because without entry and departure stamps from Ecuador, Venezuelans are not permitted to enter Peru, regardless of whether they have acquired the visa.

Amnesty International spoke to many Venezuelans who were stranded at the border after having their asylum claims or humanitarian visas rejected. One man said he left Venezuela in October 2019 because he could no longer afford to feed his family. Despite having a valid Peruvian humanitarian visa in his passport, the Peruvian officials did not allow him to enter. Left in limbo at the border, he began to cry when he described how he had accumulated debt and left his family behind on the understanding that they would later be reunited in Peru.

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Arkiveringsdatum 191120:

UNHCR 19-11- 02:

USA/ UNHCR troubled by latest U.S. refugee resettlement cut till sidans topp

UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, is troubled by the U.S. decision announced today to reduce, substantially and for the third consecutive year, the number of refugees it will admit for resettlement in the United States over the coming year. The admissions ceiling of 18,000 leaves thousands of the most vulnerable refugees in risky circumstances, sends a counterproductive message to other countries on the need for more burden-sharing and erodes one of three durable solutions for refugees.

"At a time of record forced displacement in the world, lower admissions constrain UNHCR's ability to deliver on its refugee protection mandate and diminish our humanitarian negotiating power at the global level," said UN High Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grandi. "As the agency mandated by the UN General Assembly to lead and coordinate the international response to refugees, UNHCR is naturally troubled by this trend in the United States and elsewhere.

"Grandi underscored that only about half of one percent of the world's 26 million refugees - including victims of torture, women and girls at risk and other individuals with acute vulnerabilities - are resettled to any country. This is only after intensive screening and is solely at the discretion of admitting states. Yet with the numbers of individuals and families uprooted around the world by conflict and persecution at an all-time high, resettlement needs far exceed the places governments are making available for them.

The U.S. ceiling for fiscal year 2020 starting October 1 is well below the number of people already waiting in the U.S. resettlement pipeline. Lower admissions will postpone reuniting of traumatized families and leave many living in open-ended limbo, lacking basic conditions for rebuilding their lives.

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Arkiveringsdatum 191025:

ECRE 19-10-18:

Östeuropa/ Systemic pushbacks and border violence continue in the Balkans till sidans topp

Pushbacks and violent policing practices in the Balkan Region remain a serious matter of concern according to a report published by the Border Violence Monitoring Network.

The report gathers testimonies, photographs and other evidence of violent border practices carried out by law enforcement authorities during September 2019. It raises particular concern with regard to the increased use of police dogs in Croatia and Hungary, which resulted in the hospitalisation of several bite victims. It further reports that 50% of the persons interviewed in September were pushed back from Croatia and forced into the rivers that they had used to cross the border, putting their life at risk. Humiliating and degrading practices have also been reported in Hungary, with people in transit zones being forced to stand in the cold water of an inflatable swimming pool while police officers were recording and taking pictures of them. There are also reports of illegal detention - whereby persons are being held in informal hangars and garages with no access to information - and beatings by the police in several countries.

In recent years, Balkan countries have stepped up border patrols following an increasing number of people transiting through the area. This has resulted in the adoption of emergency measures to prevent migration and in granting law enforcement authorities with increased powers, as illustrated by the recent announcement of prolongation of the state of crisis until March 2020 in Hungary.

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Arkiveringsdatum 190912:

IOM 19-09-10:

Afrika/ Over 7,400 deaths on migration routes across Africa in last five years till sidans topp

African migrants are perishing at a rate of about 25 persons per week - or about 1,300 annually - on the African continent, even before embarking on perilous sea journeys to Europe or the Arabian Peninsula. Since 2014 over 7,400 men, women and children have died in transit across Africa, new records published today by IOM's Missing Migrants Project (MMP) show.

These recently added records bring the total number of deaths documented on the African continent to 607 in 2019, and 7,435 in the last five years. Moreover, these figures fail to capture the true scale of the tragedy, as they represent only fatalities which have been reported.

The new records are based on hundreds of eyewitness accounts collected from migrants through surveys by the Mixed Migration Centre's Monitoring Mechanism Initiative (4Mi). The interviews with migrants were conducted by 4Mi between December 2018 and April 2019 in West, North and East Africa and were analysed by the Missing Migrants Project team before being added to its MMP database.

However, 4Mi interviews covered only a small sample of the total number of migrants on the move in Africa - meaning that hundreds of additional deaths likely remain unreported and, of course, uncounted.

Nonetheless, due to the absence of other sources of information, surveys such as those conducted by 4Mi reveal important information about migrants' experiences, including the risks to life that people face during their journeys.

Records show that thousands of people lose their lives as they journey through North Africa, where 4,400 deaths have been reported since 2014. However, deaths in this region are not well documented, and the true number of lives lost during migration remains unknown.

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ECRE 19-08-30:

Östeuropa/ Report on Illegal Pushback and Border Violence till sidans topp

The Border Violence Monitoring Network has published a report which includes updates and a summary of recent policy developments related to violence and practices of push-backs at the borders of Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Greece, Hungary, Slovenia and Serbia.

The situation at the Croatian border with Bosnia Herzegovina is particularly highlighted. This includes changes of the locations where pushbacks are happening and where people are returned to, which often leaves them further from material and medical assistance. The report finds that as part of systematic push-back practices, the prevalence of testimonies describing Croatian authorities burning the belongings of people transiting continued. Witnesses described Croatian police officers burning clothes, sleeping bags, backpacks and tents in addition to targeting other material possessions such as mobile phones, power banks, and personal documents.

The report also makes the point that pushbacks from Croatia to Bosnia Herzegovina are organized and coordinated as people who are apprehended are merged with other groups and their transport (often over more than 150 km). This results in delays and waiting periods which lengthen the amount of time people-in-transit spend in police vans. The report mentions testimonies of the drive in the police van as: overcrowded, overheated, overly long, with low levels of oxygen and reckless driving that cause the people inside to faint and vomit.

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Arkiveringsdatum 190721:

Läkare utan gränser 19-07-04:

USA/ 45 procent asylsökande i Nuevo Laredo utsatts för våld, 12 procent kidnappats till sidans topp

Läkare Utan Gränser fördömer Mexikos och USA:s beslut att utöka den policy som tvingar människor som söker asyl i USA att stanna i våldsamma områden i Mexiko. Där utsätts de för stora faror, som kidnappning och våld.

Både Mexiko och USA har gått med på att utvidga policyn som ska få migranter och flyktingar att stanna i Mexiko (officiellt kallad Migrant ProtectionProtocols) till Nuevo Laredo, en gränsstad i delstaten Tamaulipas som kontrolleras av kriminella grupper. Asylsökande i Nuevo Laredo utsätts ständigt för rån, överfall, utpressning, kidnappning och mord.

- Att skicka tillbaka människor som söker asyl till Mexiko och tvinga dem att stanna i Nuevo Laredo är oacceptabelt, säger Maria Hernandez, som arbetar för Läkare Utan Gränser, i Mexiko. Den här politiken tvingar utsatta människor till områden som kontrolleras av kriminella grupper, som betraktar migranter som en handelsvara och inkomstkälla.

Läkare Utan Gränser tillhandahåller sjukvård och psykosocialt stöd till migranter och flyktingar i olika skyddsläger i Nuevo Laredo, Reynosa och Matamoros.

Enligt Läkare Utan Gränsers patientdata från januari till maj i år har mer än 45 procent av de 378 patienter som organisationen vårdat i Nuevo Laredo drabbats av minst ett fall av våld i staden och 12 procent har kidnappats.

- Majoriteten av våra patienter vågar inte gå utanför dörren på grund av den överhängande risken för kidnappning, säger Maria Hernandez. De asylsökande vi vårdar och ger rådgivning till i Nuevo Laredo kommer från flera länder, som Kuba, Kongo-Kinshasa, Kamerun och Mexiko. Men det är utan tvekan människor från Centralamerika som är mest utsatta för kidnappning, och det är till största delen de som kommer att återföras till Mexiko på grund av policyn.

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Arkiveringsdatum 190703:

IOM 19-06-25:

Afrika/ Close to 20,000 migrants rescued in Sahara since beginning of operations till sidans topp

The June 15 rescue of 406 migrants including seven women and four children stranded in the Sahara Desert brings to nearly 20,000, the number of people the International Organization for Migration (IOM) has rescued there since April 2016.

"We walked for hours under the scorching desert sun with no water or idea where we were heading," said 27-year-old Amadou from Mali.

"Suddenly, I saw the IOM truck coming our way. They gave us food and water and brought us to Assamaka, and then Arlit the following day."

The latest rescues included people from 14 West African countries, mainly Guinea-Conakry, Mali and Côte d'Ivoire bound for north Africa. They were transported to the town of Assamaka where IOM's team, one Focal Point, four community mobilizers (MobComs), two nurses and one driver, are based.

"Despite having assisted so many groups of migrants, I still find it difficult every time a new group arrives, with newborns in their arms, faces covered in sand and their clothes ripped apart," said IOM's local Focal Point Alhassane Adouel.

"After so many arrivals, it still breaks my heart to see what they have to go through."

The latest operation was IOM's 189th humanitarian mission into Niger's Ténéré desert. Trucks carrying migrants north frequently break-down in the desert; in other cases, they become lost or the smugglers simply abandon people to their fates.

No one knows how many migrants have died attempting to cross the Sahara.

IOM's operations are supported by the United Kingdom's Department for International Development (DFID) and the European Union, within the framework of the Migrant Resource and Response Mechanism.

Rescued migrants are often mentally and physically drained, injured and dehydrated.

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Läkare utan Gränser 19-06-20:

Mexiko/ Massarresteringar av migranter leder till farliga ruttval till sidans topp

Räder mot och massarresteringar av migranter har blivit allt vanligare vid Mexikos södra gräns. Migranterna har därför börjat använda sig av farligare rutter. Det har drivit dem i armarna på kriminella gäng och bort ifrån medicinsk vård, varnar Läkare Utan Gränser.

Under de senaste veckorna har Läkare Utan Gränsers team i Coatzacoalcos och Tenosique bevittnat flera massarresteringar av migranter. En räd i Coatzacoalcos genomfördes när organisationen var på plats för att dela ut hygienartiklar och ge medicinsk vård och psykologiskt stöd åt migranterna.

Räderna har lett till att migranterna undviker platser där polisen kan få syn på dem, i rädsla för att bli häktade. Därför undviker migranterna också ställen där medicinsk vård är tillgänglig.

- Vi ser redan konsekvenserna av att migranter och asylsökande kriminaliseras, säger Sergio Martin, ansvarig för Läkare Utan Gränsers insats i Mexiko.

- De senaste dagarna har antalet migranter som söker vård minskat. Det är tydligt att de här människorna inte får den vård de behöver.

Räderna i Coatzacoalcos och Tenosique förra veckan sammanföll med att USA offentliggjorde ett avtal med Mexiko, ämnat att minska migrationen och öka åtgärderna mot migranterna, speciellt vid Mexikos södra gräns.

- Människorna rör sig nu i små grupper och i hemlighet, säger Sergio Martin.

- De är tvungna att ta farliga rutter och utsätts för brottslighet. De har inte tillgång till tak över huvudet eller grundläggande medicinsk vård, trots att det är nu de behöver det som mest. Allt fler migranter tyr sig nu till människosmugglare, och just smugglarna kommer att vinna mest på de här repressiva åtgärderna.

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Human Rights Watch 19-07-02:

USA/ Asylum seekers returned to uncertainty, danger in Mexico till sidans topp

The United States government should cease returning asylum seekers to wait in Mexico during their US immigration court proceedings, Human Rights Watch and the Hope Border Institute said in a report released today.

Human Rights Watch's 50-page report, "'We Can't Help You Here': US Returns of Asylum Seekers to Mexico," finds that thousands of asylum seekers from Central America and elsewhere, including more than 4,780 children, are facing potentially dangerous and unlivable conditions after US authorities return them to Mexico. The US and Mexico agreed on June 7, 2019 to dramatically expand the returns program.

"The US government has advanced a dangerous fiction that asylum seekers returned to Mexico will have access to work and shelter and a fair chance in US immigration courts," said Clara Long, senior US researcher at Human Rights Watch and co-author of the report. "Instead, US border officials are stranding mothers with small children and other vulnerable migrants in Mexican border cities where their safety and security are at risk."

The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) first began returning asylum seekers to Mexico under its Migrant Protection Protocols (MPP) program at the San Ysidro port of entry in southern California on January 29, and soon after to Calexico. The program expanded to El Paso, across the border from Ciudad Juárez in Chihuahua state by mid-March. Since then, Ciudad Juárez has surpassed both Tijuana and Mexicali as hosting the highest number of asylum seekers placed in the MPP program.

Human Rights Watch and the Hope Border Institute conducted 23 in-depth interviews with asylum seekers, as well as interviews with US and Mexico government officials, local activists, and attorneys, and observed MPP immigration court hearings for 69 individuals. Human Rights Watch learned of serious harms to asylum seekers in Ciudad Juárez including kidnapping, sexual assault, and violence.

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Human Rights Watch 19-07-12: Immigrant Rights Groups: Congress Must Investigate Separation & Suffering Caused by Trump 'Remain-in-Mexico' Policy (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 190620:

Amnesty International 19-06-17:

USA/ The impact of US policies on refugees in Lebanon and Jordan till sidans topp

'The mountain is in front of us and the sea is behind us'

The USA's retrenchment in refugee protection has had profound global effects. For the first time since the US refugee program began in 1980, the USA is no longer the global leader in refugee resettlement. This has been a deliberate choice by the current US administration, executed through a series of discriminatory policies disproportionately affecting refugees from Muslim-majority countries and other policy decisions slashing refugee admissions and adding extreme vetting processes. Amnesty International urges the USA to reverse its discriminatory and restrictive policies on refugee protection and uphold its commitments to share responsibility for refugee protection.

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Se även:

Bill Frelick, Human Rights Watch, i Foreign Policy in Focus 19-05-30: Trump's policies are harming refugees worldwide (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 190503:

KIND 19-04-29:

USA/ Blocked From Safety: Unaccompanied Children along the U.S.-Mexico Border till sidans topp

Beginning in December 2018, Kids in Need of Defense (KIND) conducted a series of visits to different points along the United States-Mexico border to learn about conditions and challenges experienced by unaccompanied children seeking protection and access to United States ports of entry. Following KIND's initial trip to Tijuana in December 2018, we published The Protection Gauntlet, in which we reported concerns that unaccompanied children in Tijuana were being systematically prevented from accessing the San Ysidro port and therefore protection in the United States. This report provides an update to The Protection Gauntlet and explains the danger and the challenges that unaccompanied children currently face in Tijuana and other parts of the U.S.-Mexico border.

Acknowledgments

This report was written by Lisa Frydman, Vice President for Regional Policy and Initiatives, Maria Odom, Vice President for Legal Services, Juliann Bildhauer, Senior Director for Legal Training and Technical Assistance, and Rachel Dotson, Senior Director for Gender and Migration Initiatives and edited by Megan McKenna, Senior Director of Communications and Public Engagement and Jennifer Podkul, Senior Director of Policy and Advocacy.

Introduction

KIND visited the U.S.-Mexico border several times from December 2018 - March 2019 to assess the protection needs of unaccompanied children.[1] KIND staff spoke with unaccompanied children living on the streets, in civil society shelters, and in Mexican state or municipal child protection shelters. We also met with Mexican child welfare, immigration, and refugee agency officials and with U.S. immigration officials, staff from civil society shelters, civil society organizations on both sides of the border providing services to unaccompanied children, and international organizations focused on refugee and child protection.

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Arkiveringsdatum 190415:

UNHCR 19-04-05:

Colombia/ Swollen rivers, mass crowding, add to risks at Venezuela borders till sidans topp

Despite Venezuela having officially closed its land borders with neighbouring Colombia and Brazil as of 23 February, thousands of people are still leaving the country daily.

Many are risking their lives in the process, either wading across torrential rivers or risking exploitation and abuse by armed groups controlling treacherous irregular paths.

On Tuesday, security forces on both sides of the border struggled to control the situation as some 46,000 desperate people forced their way across the Simon Bolivar International Bridge between the Venezuelan town of San Antonio de Tachira and the Colombian city of Cucuta.

People were moving in both directions. At one point crowd-barriers were overturned. In the melee, crying babies, distressed small children, exhausted pregnant women, elderly people and people with disabilities were at risk of being crushed or trampled by the crowd. Fortunately, no casualties were reported.

The crowds we have seen this week are a result of the Tachira River swelling, which in turn is making crossings by foot even more dangerous than usual. Since 23 February, when the Venezuelan authorities imposed restrictions on crossing the border, pedestrian traffic at the bridge had dwindled. People instead resorted to using muddy footpaths known as "trochas" and wading across the Tachira River to get to Cucuta where they work, study, receive medical attention or go to obtain food or medicines unavailable at home. In addition, thousands of Venezuelan refugees and migrants enter Colombia every day to stay or to continue their journeys to other Latin American countries.

With heavy rain having swollen the river and flooded many of the footpaths, the only viable option for most Venezuelans was the bridge.

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Europarådets parlament 19-04-03:

Östeuropa/ Rapporteur expresses concern at reception conditions and 'pushback' till sidans topp

PACE rapporteur Tineke Strik (Netherlands, SOC), ending a two-day visit to the Balkans, has expressed extreme concern at the conditions in two reception centres for asylum-seekers which she visited in Bosnia and Herzegovina - and has questioned Croatian denials that "pushbacks" onto Bosnian territory are taking place.

"Basic humanitarian conditions are not ensured for the many hundreds of migrants stranded in the centres at Velika Kladu?a and Bihac, despite the efforts of international organisations and NGOs," said Ms Strik, following a two-country visit to Croatia and to Bosnia and Herzegovina on 27-28 March 2019. "More solidarity is needed from EU and Council of Europe member states to ensure human rights and dignity for these people."

Ms Strik was researching a case study on border policies and practices in the framework of a report for the Parliamentary Assembly on "Pushback action by Council of Europe member States".

Following a separate visit to one of two reception centres for asylum-seekers in the Croatian capital Zagreb, the rapporteur commented: "I thank the Croatian delegation to PACE for its support and for organising such informative meetings with the authorities, as well as this visit. I found the centre well-managed, but serious problems remain with the length of the asylum procedure and other procedural safeguards as well as the provision of specialist health care and psychological support."

Ms Strik said many of the migrants stuck in Bosnia and Herzegovina reported being violently pushed back by the Croatian authorities to Bosnian territory without the possibility of submitting an asylum claim. Due to deficiencies in asylum procedure in Bosnia and Herzegovina, their protection needs are not adequately assessed or addressed, she added.

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Arkiveringsdatum 190209:

Human Rights Watch 19-01-18:

USA/ Family separation affected 'thousands' more children than previously known till sidans topp

Trump administration officials were discussing deliberately targeting migrant families by late 2017, a draft policy document leaked to NBC News confirms. A government report also published this week found that thousands more children were forcibly separated from their parents, and beginning much earlier, than the administration had previously acknowledged.

The separations uncovered by the Office of Inspector General of the United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) date to summer 2017, well before the administration's "zero tolerance" policy became public in April 2018 and images of children in cages hit the news in the following months.

A court case brought by the ACLU compelled the government to disclose how many children were separated from their parents under the "zero tolerance" policy. Authorities struggled to provide this information, eventually telling the court that 2,737 children had been forcibly separated from their parents.

But the court order only covered children who were in HHS custody on the date it was issued in June 2018. The count didn't include many of the children split from their families in 2017 and early 2018, a number that the inspector general concluded was "unknown" but in the thousands. Because of inadequate recordkeeping, authorities also can't say where all these children went and don't know how many children have not yet been reunited with their parents.

Rather than reunification, the real priorities were deterrence and punishment of these families. Those priorities were obvious last summer, and they're confirmed by the leaked policy memo.

The memo discussed targeting parents in migrant families for prosecution, with their children treated as unaccompanied and transferred to HHS custody. This approach "would have a substantial deterrent effect," the document stated.

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Arkiveringsdatum 190111:

IOM 19-01- 08:

Internationellt/ Migrant deaths, disappearances top 4,000 for fifth consecutive year till sidans topp

For the fifth consecutive year more than 4,000 people are believed to have died or gone missing on migratory routes across the globe, the International Organization for Migration's (IOM) Missing Migrants Project (MMP) reports.

While final data collection for 2018 is still being compiled from several jurisdictions, at least 4,592 migrants reportedly died or disappeared during their journeys, down 20 per cent from the previous year, and over 8,000 in 2016.

Half (2,297) of those people were among the more than 116,000 migrants known to have arrived in Europe via the Mediterranean. There are few reliable sources of information about deaths and disappearances due to the clandestine nature of irregular migration so the data collected in some regions, particularly the desert approaches to Mediterranean crossing routes, are incomplete.

Underlining the perils involved in those movements, multiple tragedies on all three Mediterranean routes in the final two weeks of the year claimed the lives of at least 23 people including two children; 31 others are reported missing.

The coast guards, navies and rescue agencies of several nations, non-governmental groups running rescue operations and a US-flagged cargo vessel together reportedly rescued at least 135 migrants at sea in the final two weeks of the year.

Missing Migrants Project data are compiled by IOM staff based at its Global Migration Data Analysis Centre but come from a variety of sources, some of which are unofficial. To learn more about how data on migrants deaths and disappearances are collected, click here.

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Human Rights Watch 18-12-24:

USA/ Unaccompanied children turned back at border till sidans topp

US Customs and Border Protection (CBP) agents have turned away unaccompanied children seeking asylum at the border, exposing them to the danger of return to the countries they fled, Human Rights Watch said today.

US immigration officials at the Tijuana-San Diego border posts and elsewhere have been "metering" asylum applicants - allowing a limited number in each day - since the summer, intensifying a practice that emerged under the Obama administration. Getting on the waitlist is an uncertain process and usually requires photo identification, which many unaccompanied children do not have.

Separately, a Department of Homeland Security policy announced Thursday aims to return asylum seekers to Mexico while their claims are processed in the US, raising serious concerns about whether asylum-seeking adults and families will be able to access fair and timely procedures and wait safely in Mexico. Department of Homeland Security Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen told Congress on Thursday that unaccompanied children will not be subject to this new policy.

Waiting in Mexico presents its own risks. Children face a real risk of deportation from Mexico - including to situations of persecution and violence - by Mexican immigration officials. There are also potential security risks for migrants in northern Mexico. Two Honduran children were murdered in Tijuana on Saturday while in the process of moving from one migrant shelter to another, according to news reports.

"Children who seek asylum at the US-Mexico border face an impossible situation, with the administration telling them not to cross outside of official ports of entry but then turning them back at official border crossings," said Michael Garcia Bochenek, senior children's rights counsel at Human Rights Watch.

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UNHCR 19-01- 03:

Algeriet/ News Comment - UNHCR appeals for access to refugees on Niger border till sidans topp

UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, is concerned about the safety of vulnerable individuals from Syria, Yemen and Palestine who are reportedly stranded at Algeria's southern border with Niger.

UNHCR received information that the group, comprising some 120 Syrian, Palestinian and Yemeni individuals, were detained at the Tamanrasset Centre in southern Algeria before being taken to an area near the Guezzam border post on 26 December.

Some of the individuals in this group are known to UNHCR as registered refugees who have fled conflict and persecution or claim to have attempted to seek international protection in Algeria.

According to information made available to UNHCR, 20 individuals from this group currently remain stranded in the desert, three kilometres from the Guezzam border post where they are exposed to the elements. The other 100 individuals who were taken to the border are unaccounted for.

UNHCR is in contact with the Algerian authorities regarding this incident and advocating for access to assess their protection needs. However, in light of media reports in Algeria suggesting that these people were moved to the border with the agreement of UNHCR we wish to clarify that UNHCR has had no such involvement.

Given the urgent humanitarian imperative in providing assistance to those stranded, UNHCR is appealing to the Algerian authorities for access to those individuals, to address humanitarian needs and to identify those in need of international protection and to ensure their safety.

Recognising the challenges faced by Algeria in responding to mixed movements, UNHCR maintains regular communication with the authorities to address the situation of refugees and asylum seekers, who can be subject to arrest and removal.

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Asylnytt 19-01-00:

Litauen/ Europadomstolen: Gränsvakter borde förstått att tjetjener ville söka asyl till sidans topp

En tjetjensk familj försökte söka asyl tre gånger vid olika gränsstationer i Litauen. Varje gång avvisades de med skriftlig order på grund av att de saknade visering. Första gången skrev de istället för sina namn ordet "Azul" med kyrilliska bokstäver på platsen för underskrift. Vid nästa försök förklarade de muntligt på ryska att de ville söka asyl. Tredje gången hade de med sig en asylansökan på ryska. Varje gång hölls de kvar ett antal timmar och återfördes därefter till Vitryssland. Senare utvisades de därifrån till Ryssland där mannen fängslades och misshandlades. Hela familjen är idag asylsökande i Polen. Europadomstolen avgjorde med fyra röster mot tre att det innebar ett brott mot artikel 3 i konventionen att inte låta familjen söka asyl. Domstolen argumenterar bland annat att asylansökan inte behöver ske i någon särskild form samt att det inte borde vara svårt att ordna rysktalande tolk vid gränsen till Vitryssland. Litauen hävdar att familjen kunde ha överklagat. Enligt domstolen finns ingen procedur som skulle ha hindrat deportationen, varför Litauen även brutit mot artikel 13. Tre ledamöter skriver i en reservation att det är orimligt att kräva att gränsvakterna skulle ha förstått att familjemedlemmarna sökte asyl. En av de fyra i majoriteten bifogar en omfattande röstförklaring om vikten av att stå upp för staternas ansvar i gränszoner samt mot kollektiva utvisningar.

Case of M.A. And others v. Lithuania, Application no. 59793/17 (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 181204:

Amnesty International 18-11-26:

USA/ US government endangers asylum seekers with unlawful policies till sidans topp

Unlawful US border policies are leaving thousands of asylum seekers stranded in Mexico, where they are facing threats of deportation to their countries of origin, where they potentially face serious harm, Amnesty International said today following a research mission last week. Conditions could only worsen under a reported deal between both countries that, if agreed, would force asylum-seekers to remain in Mexico while their claims are processed, rather than allow them to enter the United States.

As a result of Amnesty International's research focusing on the treatment of refugees and migrants in the caravans in Guatemala, the southern Mexican state of Chiapas, Mexico City and Tijuana throughout October and November, the organization has today issued 26 recommendations to the US and Mexican governments, as well as to the authorities in Central American countries of origin and transit, to ensure human rights protections and humanitarian support for all those seeking asylum and en route, including calling on authorities to respect interntional standards on the use of force.

"Instead of militarizing the border and peddling fear and discrimination, President Trump's administration should show compassion for those forced to flee their homes and must receive their requests for asylum without delay, as required by US and international law," said Erika Guevara-Rosas, Americas director at Amnesty International.

"For their part, the governments of Mexico and Central America must take urgent action to guarantee the safety and wellbeing of all these people on the move and ensure they do not suffer further human rights violations. If Mexico agrees to do the US government's dirty work at the expense of the caravan members' dignity and human rights, it is effectively paying for Trump's shameful border wall."

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Hela pressmeddelandet (Extern länk)

Hämta rapporten "Stuck at the door: The Urgent Need for Protection of Central American Refugees, Asylum Seekers and Migrants in the Caravans" (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 181108:

Human Rights Watch 18-10-30:

USA/ Make asylum accessible to people fleeing violence till sidans topp

Any policies adopted by the United States that result in returning people fleeing violence in Central America to persecution or torture would violate US obligations, Human Rights Watch said. President Donald Trump is expected to announce an executive order on October 30, 2018 that will reportedly use various methods to block people fleeing violence from accessing asylum in the US.

Extreme violence related to organized crime, and in some instances abusive security forces, is a major problem throughout much of Central America's Northern Triangle - Honduras, Guatemala, and El Salvador. Violence and threats, often targeted, have prompted increasing numbers of people from those countries to seek asylum in the region and around the world.

"Given how dangerous life at home has become over the past few years, more people from Honduras, Guatemala, and El Salvador are claiming asylum in Mexico, the US, and beyond," said Clara Long, senior US researcher at Human Rights Watch. "The migrant caravan isn't increasing the flow in total numbers, but people told me that joining it was the safest way to escape. Traveling mostly on foot, with children, is dangerous and exhausting, and they hope for safety in numbers during the journey."

Refugee rights are human rights.

A total of 50,000 people tried to cross the Mexico-US border in September. But such surges are usually followed by much lower numbers in subsequent months. The US seems to be on target for the 25,000 for October that has been typical since 2009.

But even under flawed procedures for granting asylum, more Central American migrants are being recognized as refugees, not just in the US but regionally and globally. In 2009, Mexico granted asylum to just 15 Northern Triangle citizens, but in 2017, it recognized 1,910. US asylum grants to Central Americans have increased from 811 for the three countries in 2013 to 8,969 in 2017.

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Amnesty International 18-10-26: Amnesty International 18-10-26: President Trump must abandon plan to close southern border to Central Americans seeking asylum (Extern länk)

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Källor: Informationen på denna sida är hämtad från följande källor (externa länkar): EU (kommissionen, ministerrådet, parlamentet och domstolen), Europarådet (mr-kommissionären, domstolen, kommittén mot tortyr), FN:s flyktingkommissariat UNHCR, FN:s kommitté mot tortyr m.fl. FN-organ, Sveriges Radio, SvT, andra svenska media via Nyhetsfilter och pressmeddelanden via Newsdesk, utländska media till exempel via Are You Syrious och Rights in Exile, internationella organisationer som Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, ECRE, Statewatch och Picum, organisationer i Sverige som Rädda Barnen, Asylrättscentrum, Svenska Amnesty, FARR och #vistårinteut samt myndigheter och politiska organ som Migrationsverket, Sveriges domstolar, JO, Justitiedepartementet m.fl. departement och Sveriges Riksdag.

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