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Skäl för och emot tillstånd

Tvång, hot och deportationer

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Arkiveringsdatum 220125:

AYS 22-01-04:

Grekland/ AYS Special from Serbia, Turkey and Greece: Cubans on the move till sidans topp

Though it is seldom reported on, hundreds of Cubans have arrived in the Balkans and Greece in recent months. Often arriving via Russia, they have faced violence and difficulty in accessing asylum and have even been pushed into Turkey having never before been there.

Cubans have been present on the Balkan route for at least a decade, but numbers seem to have increased sharply in the past couple of years. No data is available documenting this phenomenon, but it is increasingly visible to teams in the field as well as organisations providing legal support to asylum seekers in Belgrade.

Eduardo Castano, an asylum seeker who arrived 5 years ago in Belgrade and was granted a subsidiary protection by Serbian authorities, states that getting refugee status in Serbia is literally impossible. He waited for about 2 years to complete the process. Having applied once and appealed a negative decision, he received another negative decisions and was granted subsidiary (humanitarian) protection instead. He reports a general lack of understanding among the Cuban community in Serbia of what the asylum process is, but a fair number of people would like to stay and settle down in Serbia unlike other communities who use Serbia as a transit country towards the Schengen area.

In Greece, Cubans are not recognised as asylum seekers, and even if they were to attempt to file an asylum claim, they must now do so either at a hotspot on one of the islands or near the Evros border, which is non sensical for someone who is not using any of those routes, or through Skype which does not have a Spanish service and is notoriously difficult to get through on, sometimes taking years.

On the 29 October 2021, approximately 85 Cubans accidently ended up trying to leave on the same plane from Zakynthos to Milan. They were beaten, detained, and told to leave the territory without the opportunity to apply for asylum.

Reasons for Leaving and Routes

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SvT Utrikes 22-01-09:

Grekland/ Treårings kropp återfunnen utanför grekisk ö till sidans topp

Kroppen av ett litet barn hittades i Egeiska havet under lördagen, två veckor efter två dödliga olyckor i området där båtar med migranter tagit in vatten, uppger AP.

Offret hittades utanför ön Naxos och myndigheterna uppskattade sent på lördagen att barnet, som var 85 centimeter lång, var ungefär tre år gammal.

Kroppen kommer att föras till Pireus, en hamn i huvudstaden Aten, för rättsmedicinsk undersökning.

Under torsdagen hittades fyra andra kroppar som tillhörde en man, en kvinna och två yngre flickor, tre utanför Naxos och en utanför den närliggande ön Paros.

Olyckorna i december

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ECRE News 22-01-14:

Grekland/ deadly end to 2021, pushbacks prevent arrivals till sidans topp

2021 ended with a series of shipwrecks in Greek waters that caused the deaths of more than 30 people. As the number of pushbacks from Greece nearly doubled in 2021, the number of arrivals to the islands is at the lowest in nine years with people pushed towards other, more deadly routes. The Closed Controlled Access Facility in Samos (CCF) has come under renewed criticism and legal scrutiny.

At least 30 people lost their lives in three shipwrecks in Greek waters over the week of Christmas while more than 160 people were rescued by the Hellenic Coast Guard. On 21 December a boat sank south of the Aegean island of Folegandros. 13 people including children survived the shipwreck: 12 were rescued by the Hellenic Coast Guard and one was found by a passing vessel after 24 hours in the water. While the bodies of three dead were recovered, the exact number of people on-board the boat is unclear and reported to be somewhere between 30 and 50. According to survivors, 17 people remain missing and four badly decomposed bodies including one child were recovered on 6 January. On 23 December another boat sank after striking an islet of the island of Antikythera in southern Greece. 90 survivors were stranded overnight on the islet as harsh weather conditions reportedly prevented a rescue operation. Later, 11 bodies were recovered. Further, on 24 December somewhere between 40 and more than 60 people were rescued after a sailboat overturned northwest of Paros. 16 people lost their lives during the tragic shipwreck. Three survivors have been charged with murder by Greek authorities, reportedly over their alleged responsibility of "an accident at sea, intentional manslaughter and membership in a criminal organization". The Greek government places the blame for the tragedies on human smugglers, who they call "ruthless killers". Greek Minister of Migration and Asylum also called on Notis Mitarachi to "redouble its efforts to prevent illegal departures".

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AYS 22-01-17:

Grekland/ 25,000 people lost in Greek statistics till sidans topp

Statistics in Greece raise questions over what's happening there. While the government celebrated to not have more than 9000 new arrivals in 2021 - the lowest number since 2015 - the Hellenic Coast Guard counted more than 29,000 rescued in the Mediterranean. While half of the official arrivals came by land, it remains unclear what happend with the approximately 25.000 people rescued by HCG. On one hand, this could be another indication for illegal pushbacks ordered by the Greek government.

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TT / AB 22-01-03:

Spanien/ Tusentals migranter omkom på väg till Spanien till sidans topp

Fler än 4 000 migranter omkom eller försvann när de försökte ta sig till Spanien från Afrika med båt i fjol. Över 90 procent av de drabbade var på väg mot Kanarieöarna.

Sammanlagt var det 4 404 personer som omkom eller försvann under fjolåret jämfört med 2 170 året innan, enligt en sammanställning av den spanska asylrättsorganisationen Caminando Fronteras.

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ECRE News 22-01-14:

Spanien/ One in five Canary journeys end deadly, rescue service restarts reporting till sidans topp

A Spanish NGO says 4,404 people lost their lives trying to reach Spain from Africa in 2021. The dramatic rise in deaths is thought to be linked to EU and member states efforts to clampdown on migration via the Mediterranean. The Spanish civil rescue service, Salvamento Marítimo (SM), has returned to tweeting rescue reports after a long hiatus period in which only NGOs and journalists reported on operations. A legal change to work and residency requirement for unaccompanied youths has allowed "hundreds of young people" to map out their future.

NGO Caminando Fronteras says deaths on sea migration routes to Spain in 2021 were double those recorded of 2020. More than 4,400 deaths lives were lost, including 205 children: 91 per cent of these deaths took place on the Atlantic Route. This indicates that between one in six and one in five of people attempting the crossing lose their lives. The International Organization for Migration (IOM), which records death statistics for all maritime routes to Europe, indicates a much more conservative number of 955 dead on the Canary route and another 324 deaths in the Western Mediterranean. Official statistics however struggle to account for the 94 per cent of bodies that are never recovered.

2021 was a year of increased sea migration across all routes to Europe when compared to 2020, a year in which the global pandemic limited mobility. Numbers on the Atlantic route however have remained high for the last two years, with roughly 23,042 arrivals in 2021 and 23,025 in 2020. This represents an increase of roughly 900 per cent when compared to 2019. According to Caminando Fronteras, the steep rise in journeys and deaths since 2019 is a direct result of European efforts to curb migration in the Mediterranean. These include funding Libyan authorities to conduct interceptions at sea and run infamous detention centres. According to Sara Prestianni from EuroMed Rights, attempts to "block off" certain routes - namely the Eastern and Central Med - have only led people fleeing poverty and violence to find seek out other, more risky routes.

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TT / AB 22-01-17:

Spanien/ Över 40 befaras drunknade utanför Marocko till sidans topp

Minst 43 migranter befaras ha drunknat när deras båt kapsejsade utanför Tarfaya vid Marockos södra kust. Det uppger den spanska asylrättsorganisationen Caminando Fronteras. Bland de döda finns tre spädbarn.

Båten var på väg mot Kanarieöarna, tio mil från Tarfaya, när olyckan inträffade.

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Arkiveringsdatum 211231:

SvT Nyheter 21-12-25:

Medelhavet/ Tredje dödsolyckan på en vecka i Medelhavet till sidans topp

Minst 16 migranter har hittats döda i samband med en båtolycka i Medelhavet i närheten av den grekiska ön Paros sent under julaftonskvällen. Det är den tredje dödsolyckan inom loppet av bara några dagar.

Bland de döda fann kustbevakningen tre kvinnor och ett spädbarn. 63 personer kunde räddas vid olyckan, uppger Athens News Agency.

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TT / Squid 21-12-24: Elva döda efter grundstötning i Medelhavet (Extern länk)

TT / AB 21-12-21: Över 160 drunknade migranter senaste veckan (Extern länk)

TT / AB 21-12-26: Döda migranter sköljdes upp vid Libyens kust (Extern länk)

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SvT Nyheter 21-12-25:

Grekland/ Tredje dödsolyckan på en vecka i Medelhavet till sidans topp

Minst 16 migranter har hittats döda i samband med en båtolycka i Medelhavet i närheten av den grekiska ön Paros sent under julaftonskvällen. Det är den tredje dödsolyckan inom loppet av bara några dagar.

Bland de döda fann kustbevakningen tre kvinnor och ett spädbarn. 63 personer kunde räddas vid olyckan, uppger Athens News Agency.

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TT / Squid 21-12-24: Elva döda efter grundstötning i Medelhavet (Extern länk)

TT / AB 21-12-21: Över 160 drunknade migranter senaste veckan (Extern länk)

TT / AB 21-12-26: Döda migranter sköljdes upp vid Libyens kust (Extern länk)

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Sveriges Radio P1-morgon 21-12-22:

Cypern/ Cypern anklagar Turkiet för migrantvåg till sidans topp

Cypern har under det gångna året sett en brant ökning av antalet nya asylsökande.

Cyperns inrikesminister anklagar Turkiet för att ligga bakom migrantvågen.

Hör Filip Kotsambouikidis, Ekots Östeuropakorrespondent, rapportera om situationen i Cypern. I inslaget hörs även Cyperns inrikesminister Nikos Nouris.

- Det Litauen upplevt de senaste 6 månaderna, har Cypern upplevt de senaste 5 åren, säger Nikos Nouris, som är inrikesminister i den cypriotiska mitten-högerregeringen.

Han jämför situationen på Cypern med den för Belarus grannländer, dit migranter som sägs ha flugits in av Belarus diktator Alexander Lukasjenka använts för att sätta press på grannländerna. Något som EU kallat en hybridattack. Grekcyprioterna anklagar nu alltså Turkiet för att göra samma sak mot dom.

- Det klart att Turkiet har instrumentaliserat migrationen, och dirigerar människosmugglingen mot Cypern, på daglig basis.

Cypern har enligt regeringens egna siffror länge varit det EU-land som hanterar flest asylansökningar i förhållande till sin folkmängd. De asylsökande utgör nu 4,4 procent av befolkningen på Cypern, som har drygt en miljon invånare.

Det är många gånger högre än i andra, vad Nikos Nouris kallar "länder i frontlinjen", det vill säga Grekland, Italien, Spanien och Malta, där antalet asylsökande inte ens uppgår till en procent av befolkningen.

Och i år har antalet nyanlända dessutom ökat kraftigt jämfört med förra året. En delförklaring är enligt Nouris att Grekland bevakar sina gränser allt hårdare.

Situationen har satt Cypern under hård press, säger Nikos Nouris.

- Speciellt i år är situationen kritisk, den kan betraktas som en force majeure-situation. Vi är under hård press.

Cypern är inte förmöget att ta hand om alla migranter, asylansökningarna läggs på hög och återvändandet för de som får avslag fungerar inte, säger Nikos Nouris.

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AYS 21-12-18:

Italien/ Opposing deportation to Libya is not a crime, Italian high court says till sidans topp

A highly-anticipated court verdict was announced this Thursday by Italy's highest court, which ruled in favor of two people on the move, saying that their actions taken to oppose their own deportation to Libya from an Italian ship back in 2018 were justifiable.

The December 16 ruling from the Supreme Court of Cassation overturns a previous sentence issued by Palermo's Court of Appeal, which had convicted the accused, known as "T." and "I.", for crimes of aiding and abetting illegal immigration, violence, and forceful resistance to a public official. On June 3 of last year, that court had sentenced T. and I. to three years and six months in prison, with a fine of 52,000 euros.

The defendants' lawyers, Fabio Lanfranca and Serena Romano, said in a statement that they were "very satisfied with this important statement" from the high court, which "reaffirm[s] that the enforcement of human rights is based on the rules of international law which ensures the protection of human life and is not a state authority matter."

"[R]escue operations at sea which result in the return of survivors to Libya constitute a breach of the principle of non-refoulement and violate the rights of the people rescued who should be taken to a place of safety where their lives are no longer in danger and respect of their fundamental rights is guaranteed," the lawyers continued.

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Arkiveringsdatum 211210:

ECRE News 21-12-03:

Spanien/ Multifaceted insecurity drives dangerous journeys, women flee violence till sidans topp

Perilous journeys to Spain's Canary Islands, driven by instability in northwest Africa, have left rescuers busy. Not only are women increasingly forced to take to the sea as a result of gender-based violence, forced marriage and female genital mutilation (FGM), they are frequently exposed to sexual violence, trafficking and other gender-specific crimes whilst on the move. The court in Ceuta has thrown out the case of a 16 year old child pushed back from Spain to Morocco on 19 May on the grounds of insufficient evidence.

Multiple groups of people attempting to seek asylum in Spain via the Canary Islands have been assisted by rescue teams. According to analysts, the rise in numbers on this route is driven by the destabilising economic and political effects of the Covid pandemic, insecurity in northwest Africa and the worsening climate crisis.

On 27 November, Spain's rescue service Salvamento Marítimo (SM) rescued 134 people from 3 vessels in waters off the Canary Islands. One of these rescues concerned a capsized boat from which four bodies were recovered and four people were listed as missing. The same day, Morocco intercepted 59 asylum seekers and recovered the body of a man who lost his life on the journey. Moroccan officials also intercepted 155 people who were attempting to board boats to cross to Spain.

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Arkiveringsdatum 211122:

AYS 21-11-21:

Seventy-five lives lost at sea till sidans topp

This week, at least 75 people lost their lives in the Mediterranean Sea. As stated by UNHCR spokeswoman Safa Msehli on Saturday, the shipwreck occurred on Wednesday. Fifteen survivors were rescued in time by local fishermen. Their friends, family members and travel companions would still be alive if their lives were of any value to European politicians.

Thanks to civilian rescue efforts, 375 people were rescued from distress by the Sea Watch4, in six different operations between Thursday and Sunday:

During one of the rescue operations, the Sea Watch4 had a dangerous encounter with the so-called Libyan Coast Guards. In audio material published by Sea Watch, one can hear the Libyans talking to them via radio, warning them to get back or otherwise they will be taken to Libya or shot at the civilian rescue ship.

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TT / AB 21-11-18:

Grekland/ Anklagade flyktingvolontärer i domstol till sidans topp

Rättegången mot 24 personer som anklagats för brott relaterade till människosmuggling medan de volontärsarbetade för att rädda flyktingar vid grekiska ön Lesbos har inletts.

Åtalet har kritiserats av människorättsgrupper som Human Rights Watch och Amnesty International, som menar att grekiska myndigheter kriminaliserar räddningsarbete.

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Sveriges Radio Studio Ett 21-11-28: https://sverigesradio.se/artikel/volontarer-infor-ratta (Extern länk)

ECRE News 21-11-19: International outcry over farce trial of rescuers (Extern länk)

Sveriges Radio P1-morgon 21-12-08: Intervju med en av de åtalade männen, irländaren Sean Binder (Extern länk)

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AYS 21-11-14:

Frankrike/ AYS Special from Brianįon - Solidarity at the Border till sidans topp

Brianįon, on the French-Italian border, is one of the first cities of arrival for people on the move coming from Italy to France. The reception situation is increasingly dire and unequal mobilities are starkly drawn.

During 2021, the number of people who need accommodation has risen consistently. The town has seen up to 60 arrivals a day of people who cannot continue the journey due to high transport costs and the COVID-19 pass. As a result, there are almost no options left for people on the move.

The volunteer-run refuge in the Terrasses Solidaires building has been temporarily closed to new arrivals since October 24th,as for weeks it has hosted more than 200 people, while its capacity is 80, and neither security nor a dignified stay could be guaranteed any more.

The refuge volunteers and other local activists demand that authorities finally take on their responsibilities to host people.

This attempt at a "power struggle" with the French state resulted in a two-night occupation of the Brianįon SNCF railway station by activists and people on the move. The only response from the authorities was the evacuation of these places, and, once again, the arrival of nearly 200 additional " gendarmes mobiles" (riot police) in the Brianįon area, as well as the transfer of 10 additional border police in Montgenčvre, swelling the number of police officers to nearly 400 individuals. Furthermore, the train station office closed, which made it difficult for people on the move to buy tickets to move on to other places. The regional authority "prefecture" also stopped the Red Cross from conducting COVID-19 tests for half a day, which meant that people could not take long-distance trains. Alongside this was the very real fear that people could be transferred to detention centres. Consequently, the parish of Saint Catherine has generously welcomed all people at risk.

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TT / SvT 21-11-07:

Malta/ Räddningsfartygens kritik mot Malta: "Ignorerar nödanrop" till sidans topp

Det tyska räddningsfartyget Sea-Eye 4 med 800 migranter ombord har fått tillstånd att lägga till i Rom.

"Efter många svåra timmar av väntan fick vi äntligen goda nyheter," skriver de på Twitter.

Samtidigt ligger ytterligare fartyg med flera hundra migranter utanför Italiens kust utan besked.

Det tyska räddningsfartyget Sea-Eye 4 har räddat 800 migranter i medelhavet de senaste dagarna, 400 av dem räddades från en träbåt redan i torsdags. Fartyget styrde därefter mot Lampedusa, Italien men där tog det stopp.

"På bara 48 timmar räddade vårt team över 800 personer. Bland de överlevande finns barn, gravida kvinnor och skadade. För alla måste den exceptionella situationen upphöra omedelbart," skrev de på Twitter på fredagen.

Manar EU-länder att skyndsamt agera

Men sent på lördagen fick fartyget positiva besked.

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Expressen 21-11-05:

Spanien/ Kaos på flygplatsen - passagerare flydde till sidans topp

Kaos bröt ut på flygplatsen i Mallorcas huvudstad Palma på fredagskvällen.

Passagerare flydde från ett flygplan som nödlandat och människor sprang längs landningsbanorna.

All trafik stoppades under flera timmar.

Flygplatsen i Palma de Mallorca, Son Sant Joan, stoppade all trafik av säkerhetsskäl under flera timmar på fredagskvällen. Enligt Diario de Mallorca tvingades ett flygplan på väg från Marocko till Turkiet nödlanda på flygplatsen efter en påstått medicinsk nödsituation ombord.

När patienten skulle föras bort med ambulans lyckades ytterligare 20-talet personer ta sig av planet och sprida sig över flygplatsen.

Källor till El Pais bekräftar att polisen arbetar efter hypotesen att det handlar om en planerad aktion, där målet är att ta sig in i Spanien illegalt.

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Arkiveringsdatum 211104:

AYS 21-10-24:

Medelhavet/ AYS Special from Greece, where saving lives is illegal till sidans topp

An interview with Nassos Karakitsos.

On the 18th of November the first trial will be held on Lesvos for Nassos Karakitsos, Sara Mardini and Sean Binder. They were originally arrested in 2018 and accused of people smuggling, money laundering, espionage and membership of a criminal organisation while working and volunteering with Emergency Response Centre International, ERCI. 25 more people from other groups were also charged.

At the time, Sara was well known for bringing her own boat to shore with her sister Yusra. Having fled Syria via Lebanon they had taken a boat from Izmir. When the motor stopped and they were at risk of capsizing the two sisters got into the water and started to swim. Sara returned to Lesvos as a volunteer while Yusra went on to compete in the Rio Olympics with the first ever refugee team. Sean was also a volunteer as he had a background in search and rescue. Nassos Karakitsos was the field director and based on the island. He began as a volunteer on the 5th of January 2016 utilising his skills learnt as a maritime security officer and during a brief stint in the Navy. He was meant to stay on Lesvos for 15 days, in the end he remained for 2 years.

On his very first day a boat came in with a very elderly man and Nassos knew he would stay. The older people who arrived had left entire lives behind and often had physical disabilities.

How strong do you have to be to make that choice?

In the beginning it was just two people on the coastline waiting for boats. At this point in 2016 there were still an average of 40 boats arriving per day. Over the years ERCI operated, they supported 1000s of people to safety. As they grew, they got boats of their own so they could rescue people in distress. Everything was co-ordinated with the Coast Guard because they were better equipped to save lives at sea.

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ECRE News 21-10-15: More deaths and returns to Libya, EU cooperation with coast guard (Extern länk)

ECRE News 21-10-22: 500 people await disembarkation, NGO acquitted for refusing Libya return, Boat-drivers scapegoated in Italy (Extern länk)

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AYS 21-10-24:

Medelhavet/ More than 450 rescued in the Med by Geo Barents till sidans topp

MSF reported a very busy weekend for the rescue ship the Geo Barents.

On Sunday, 296 people were being treated onboard the vessel. Medical and psychological support was offered to the men, women and children onboard. A further 95 people were rescued from a boat on Saturday that was moments away from disaster. The boat was about to be intercepted by the so-called Libyan Coast Guard. If this had happened, the passengers would have been returned to violence and torture in Libya.

Additionally, 71 people were also rescued from a boat in distress on Sunday. Thanks to a collaboration between MSF and AlarmPhone, the rubber boat, which was taking on water in harsh weather conditions, was detected and assisted.

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Sveriges Radio Ekot 21-11-01:

Grekland/ 400 migranter på Kos - anlänt via turkiskflaggat fartyg till sidans topp

Knappt 400 migranter har anlänt till den grekiska ön Kos i ett turkiskflaggat fartyg.

Fartyget fick tillstånd att gå i land på ön efter att de sänt ut en nödsignal då de fått problem. Fartyget är ett av de största med migranter som anlänt till Grekland på flera år, vanligtvis anländer de i mindre gummibåtar.

Grekland kritiserar nu Turkiet för att ha brutit mot de flyktingavtal man slöt med EU 2016 och kräver att migranternas hemländer samarbetar för att migranterna ska kunna skickas tillbaka.

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Social Europe 21-10-21:

Cypern/ Refugees fleeing Lebanon look to Europe-but Europe looks away till sidans topp

Katarzyna Rybarczyk

In a case study of human desperation, state failure drives refugees to Cyprus, only to meet pushbacks and a numbed European conscience.

Lebanon faces one of the world's worst crises, with its currency losing more than 90 per cent of its value and four out of five Lebanese living in poverty. Amid rapidly deteriorating living conditions, increasing food prices and fuel shortages, thousands have been leaving the country in hopes of starting new lives abroad.

Not only Lebanese citizens have been trying to flee, however. In recent years, Lebanon has become home for 1.5 million Syrian refugees, who now yet again have to seek protection elsewhere. For some that means embarking on a perilous journey through the Mediterranean to the coast of Cyprus.

Last year Cyprus and Lebanon signed a deal which allows Cyprus to send back people who reach its border by boat. The agreement has been criticised by the international community as it violates the principle of non-refoulement, which guarantees that no human should be sent back to a country where they would face cruel treatment and harm.

Numerous challenges

Over the last decade, Lebanon has been dealing with numerous social and political challenges which have put considerable strain on the country's economy. In October 2019 tens of thousands took to the streets to demand social and economic rights and an end to corruption.

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TT / AB 21-10-24:

Italien/ Påven vädjar: Sänd inte migranter till Libyen till sidans topp

Påve Franciskus vädjar om att den praxis som innebär att migranter sänds tillbaka till Libyen eller andra osäkra länder, och där utsätts för "omänskligt våld", omedelbart ska upphöra.

Det var efter söndagsbönen på Petersplatsen i Vatikanstaten i Rom som påven gjorde det känslosamma uttalandet.

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ECRE News 21-10-15:

Spanien/ Atlantic route and Spain: At least 1,400 people rescued over seven days till sidans topp

Seven days of consecutive rescue operations off Spain's Canary Islands have saved at least 1,400 people is distress at sea since 8 October. Spanish authorities have arrested 16 people charged with smuggling asylum seekers from the Canaries to the Spanish mainland. The chartering of "emergency" ferries to return Algerians in August is alleged to have given rise to breaches on non-refoulement.

Multiple daily rescues have saved a minimum of 1380 lives in the Atlantic between 8 and 14 October. At least three rescues took place on 8 October, with boats carrying 37, 69 and 24 people brought to shore. The latter rescue of 24 people was marked by tragedy as those onboard reported ten lives lost during the crossing - the bodies had to be thrown overboard. Eight of the survivors were hospitalised, some of whom had to be evacuated via helicopter. The next day Spanish civil rescuers Salvamento Marítimo saved 49 people south of Fuerteventura.

On 10 October, groups of 40, 54 and 37 people were rescued. Spanish rescue personnel then saved 121 people from two different boats on 11 October, of whom all were of sub-Saharan African origin. All 121 were disembarked at Puerto del Rosario on Fuerteventura. The following day, a further 91 people were found in distress on two boats roughly 140km south of Gran Canaria. Spanish officials also rescued "about 70" people in two inflatable boats off Fuerteventura, according to La Provincia.

At least five boats were rescued on 13 October, saving the lives of 187 people. It was first reported that 55 people were rescued at dawn: later in the morning, EFE said 73 people were disembarked in Arrecife, without clarifying if these were separate incidents. At midday, NGO Heroes del Mar reported that a boat with 52 people was missing after setting out from Morocco at 5am two days earlier.

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ECRE News 21-10-22: Atlantic route and Spain: More death as crisis, conflict, and failed EU policies drive Canary Island crossings (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 211018:

ECRE News 21-10-08:

Cypern/ Families separated by pushbacks to Lebanon - Cyprus calls for solidarity till sidans topp

Unlawful pushback practices from Cyprus to Lebanon have generated cases of family separation which the Cypriot Government refuses to address. These returns have raised concern as Syrian refugees in Lebanon face dire conditions and potential chain-refoulement to Syria. Speaking ahead of the EU Home Affairs Council in Luxembourg, Cyprus says it will present its own proposals and continue to press for "fair allocation" of arrivals to Europe.

As Syrians face rapidly deteriorating living conditions in Lebanon, many are seeking to flee to Europe. Those arriving in Cyprus are facing pushbacks. NGOs and the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) say such pushbacks are generating family separation and breaching international law. When a boat was intercepted at sea on 22 August, a heavily-pregnant 25-year old Syrian woman was taken to Cyprus while her husband and two children - aged one and three - were returned to Lebanon. After giving birth to her son the next day, she urged the Cypriot authorities to "show compassion" and allow her to be reunited with her family. In response, the government has said that only those with refugee status can benefit from family reunification. Yet, of the 7,700 Syrians arriving in Cyprus seeking asylum since 2018, less than two per cent have been granted refugee protection. On 21 September, Interior Minister Nicos Nouris rejected calls for family reunification, saying that "it would it would mean that should the 24,000 asylum seekers currently in the Republic request that we bring the rest of their families here, then we'd have to bring them over."

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Arkiveringsdatum 211006:

ECRE News 21-09-24:

Grekland/ Illegal pushbacks continue as arrivals drop under "Strict but Fair" policy till sidans topp

Against a backdrop of systematic pushbacks, the number of arrivals to the Aegean islands has decreased by almost 80%. Meanwhile, Minister of Migration and Asylum Notis Mitarakis is praising the efficiency of a "strict but fair immigration policy" defined by prevention and deterrence measures. The inauguration of the first of five new EU-funded "closed controlled" camps on Samos has been met with much criticism from local authorities and NGOs, as well as concern from the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR).

New incidents continue to add to the ever-mounting evidence of systematic and illegal pushbacks by Greek authorities. On 18 September, 19 asylum seekers from Somalia and Sierra Leone were pushed back from Samos. The same day 65 people were allegedly pushed back in waters off Santorini. On 20 September, 32 people including children were reportedly pushed back to Turkey "according to regular procedures" off Tainaros where their boat was adrift. On 23 September the NGO hotline Alarm Phone reported that 130 were adrift on a boat with a broken engine in the Ionian Sea in Greek waters between Italy and Greece. According to the organisation: "They've been at sea for 4 days and cannot be reached for over 6 hours. Relatives are very worried".

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SvT Sport 21-09-22:

Portugal/ Operation Soccer Balls har lyckats till sidans topp

Afghanistans flicklandslag är evakuerat till Portugal, där spelarna och deras familjer fått asyl.

- De kan inte tro att det är sant, att de lyckats ta sig ut ur Afghanistan, säger Farkhunda Muhtaj, kapten för damfotbollslandslaget i Afghanistan och som hjälpt spelarna att fly talibanerna.

Sedan talibanerna tog över makten i Afghanistan har laget och deras familjer varit på flykt. Rädda för vad som kommer hända med deras liv, eftersom talibanerna förbjudit kvinnor och flickor att utöva sport.

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ECRE news 21-09-24:

Spanien/ Mass expulsion to Morocco alarms NGOs and Ombudsman till sidans topp

125 people have been pushed back to Morocco from a Spanish enclave in North Africa, despite more than 90 the people having made written requests to seek asylum in Spain. Eight bodies have washed up on the shores in Southern Spain, believed to belong to people who set off on the dangerous Western Mediterranean crossing from Morocco or Algeria.

Early on 20 September, 125 people of sub-Saharan origin crossed into Peņķn de Vélez de la Gomera, a rocky Spanish peninsula separated from Morocco by a narrow sand bridge. The group included 60 women, seven children, and people with injuries and other medical conditions. ECRE member organisation CEAR and NGO hotline Alarm Phone reported that the people presented a written list of 90 names of those seeking asylum to Spanish soldiers, who did not respond. A statement from CEAR, supported by seven other rights groups, urged authorities to comply with Spanish, European and international law by processing the people's asylum applications and transferring them to a safe place. The Spanish Ombudsman issued a "reminder of legal duties" to the Interior Ministry, asking the government not to expel asylum seekers.

After several hours during which Spanish authorities took no action to assist the people, CEAR expressed fear that "the Spanish Government will authorize the hot return of refugees who are in a situation of special vulnerability, without access to due procedures, in breach of the principle of non-refoulement established in the Geneva Convention as essential guarantee of the right to asylum". This premonition was realised on the evening of the same day when Spanish soldiers handed the group over to more than two hundred Moroccan military police. Spokesperson for NGO Caminando Fronteras Helena Maleno Garzķn called this a "collective and violent expulsion" and noted that the people had also contacted the UN refugee agency (UNHCR) about their claim to seek asylum.

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IOM 21-09-24: Alarming Loss of Life on Way to Canaries Worsens in 2021 (Extern länk)

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ECRE News 21-10-01:

Spanien/ Atlantic Route: Fears about poor reception conditions on Lanzarote till sidans topp

As arrivals to the Canary Islands continue apace, emergency services, volunteers, and journalists have raised concerns about the lack of reception facilities on Lanzarote. The International Organization for Migration (IOM) says almost 800 people lost their lives on the Canary route between January and August 2021. The increase in journeys on this route over the last month has been linked to both favourable weather conditions and instability in countries of origin.

Boats continue to arrive and be rescued at sea off the Canary Islands, the Spanish archipelago off the northwest coast of Africa. The busiest day of the last seven days was 26 September, when 340 people arrived in eight boats. Aboard one of these boats, a woman died after being rescued by Salvamento Marítimo (SM), Spain's civil rescue service. The day before, SM rescued 166 people in five separate operations in waters off Lanzarote and Fuerteventura. On 26 September Moroccan authorities rescued 58 people including a child in distress on a wooden boat off the Tan Tan port. The incident happened one day after the arrest of six alleged human smugglers, one a police officer. During the operation police detained 49 people including nine children attempting to disembark for the Atlantic. On 27 September, 39 people were rescued and brought to Arrecife (Lanzarote) in the early morning: later, another 42 people arrived in El Hierro. The second tragedy of the week was recorded on 30 September when two men were found dead during the rescue of 48 people by SM. These tragedies illustrate the perilous nature of such journeys from Senegal, Mauritania, or Morocco, as does the disappearance of a boat that left from Dakhla (Morocco) with 27 women, 8 children, and 15 men aboard.

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Arkiveringsdatum 210921:

ECRE news 21-09-17:

Medelhavet/ More than 23,000 people returned to unsafe Libya this year till sidans topp

According to the International Organization for Migration (IOM), as of 11 September 23,601 people on the move have been returned to Libya in 2021, where murder, torture and rape continues to be the order of the day. Arrivals to Italy continue, with UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) figures showing more than 40,000 arrivals this year as of mid-September. Despite intense civilian search and rescue efforts, 1,103 people have died or gone missing on the central Mediterranean route so far in 2021. The start of September also marked a busy time for Spanish rescuers in the Western Mediterranean.

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Dagens Nyheter 21-09-13:

Grekland/ Grekland "dumpar flyktingar till havs" - får skarp EU-kritik till sidans topp

I väntan på en kommande flyktingvåg från Afghanistan skärper Grekland sin gränsbevakning. Och rapporterna om att landet dumpar flyktingar i havet, i strid mot folkrätten, blir allt tätare och allt mer väldokumenterade.

Nu kräver EU-kommissionen att Grekland stoppar de illegala avvisningarna.

"De såg inte mycket i mörkret, men de befann sig i någon sorts hamn. Poliser i militäruniform och rånarluvor tvingade upp dem på en gråvit båt, troligen tillhörande den grekiska kustbevakningen."

Historien handlar om tre flyktingar, två män och en kvinna, som i förra veckan greps efter ett dygn på den grekiska ön Samos. Den berättas av den norska hjälporganisationen Aegean Boat Report, som fortsätter:

"Under natten kördes de ut till havs i hög fart, och efter cirka 30 minuter stannade båten. De tre slängdes i vattnet och fick order att simma i land. Även med flytväst är detta extremt farligt och kan bara betecknas som ett mordförsök."

Vittnesmålet, inklusive foton från Samos och Turkiet, handlar om en så kallad pushback - att migranter som redan har anlänt berövas rätten att söka asyl och istället avvisas, till exempel genom att dumpas till havs.

Detta strider mot folkrätten och mot FN:s flyktingkonvention. Men Grekland använder metoden regelbundet, enligt en lång rad rapporter som den från Samos. De illegala avvisningarna har dokumenterats av bland andra Europarådet och New York Times.

Av rapporternas frekvens att döma tycks avvisningarna ske allt oftare. Samtidigt stålsätter sig Grekland för en väntad ny flyktingvåg från Afghanistan. Ett 27 kilometer långt stålstängsel har just byggts färdigt längs landgränsen mot Turkiet, och 1 200 nya gränsvakter ska anställas.

Premiärminister Kyriakos Mitsotakis sa i en intervju i juli att han är emot själva termen "pushback".

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Keep talking Greece 21-09-17:

Grekland/ launches international campaign against Afghan migration with EU funding till sidans topp

Greece's Migration and Asylum Ministry assigned a company for a campaign to convince Afghan citizens not to try and reach Greece. The campaign is financed at 75% with EU funding.

The campaign worth 73,532 euros (including Value Added Tax) has a duration of 3 months and will include videos and online banners, promotion on several social media targeting 4 million impressions, but also ads on Afghan newspapers.

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Arkiveringsdatum 210904:

Aftonbladet 21-08-24:

Turkiet/ Bygger jättemur - för att stoppa flyktingarna till sidans topp

Tusentals människor försöker fly talibanernas skräckvälde.

Nu snabbreser Turkiet en tre meter hög betongmur - för att stoppa dem.

- Våra gränser är omöjliga att passera, säger provinsguvernören Mehmet Emin Bilmez till Reuters.

Skräcken för talibanväldet är stor i Afghanistan. Den senaste veckan har tusentals människor förtvivlat försökt komma med något av evakueringsflygen från huvudstaden Kabul.

De flesta av landets invånare saknar dock såväl pass som visum till andra länder.

För dem återstår oftast bara en flyktväg - att smugglas ut över en landgräns.

De senaste åren har tiotusentals afghaner lyckats ta sig genom Iran till Turkiet som fungerat som språngbräda för den vidare flykten mot Grekland och Europa.

Men nu tycks den glipan hastigt vara på väg att täppas till.

Diken och taggtråd

Människor på flykt möts nu allt oftare av en tre meter hög vit betongmur längs den turkiska gränsen.

I dag täcker muren ungefär en tredjedel av den 54 mil långa gränsen, enligt AP. Men bygget har intensifierats med talibanernas framryckning och maktövertagande. Redan till årsskiftet ska ytterligare 64 kilometer vara klara.

Resten av den bergiga gränsen täcks tills vidare av taggtråd, djupa diken och dygnet runt-patrullerande säkerhetsvakter - allt för att förhindra det av många fruktade inflödet av flyktingar från Afghanistan.

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The New Humanitarian 21-08-03: The Afghan refugee crisis brewing on Turkey's eastern border (Extern länk)

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AP yyy 21-08-24:

Turkiet/ 'Afghan:' Migrant graves in Turkey testify to border perils till sidans topp

Plain concrete gravestones painted with a number and the word "Afghan" are all that mark the final resting places of dozens of unidentified migrants who died trying to enter Turkey through the rugged mountainous border with Iran.

Hundreds of people escaping conflict or poverty, mostly from Afghanistan but also from other countries in the region, have died over the years risking the perilous crossing. Some succumbed after exposure to extreme weather conditions, others died in accidents as their smugglers tried to evade authorities in trucks and boats crammed with people.

Those whose identities remain unknown are buried in dirt lots in special sections of cemeteries around Turkey's eastern Van province, which borders Iran. Their grave markers bear a number corresponding with their forensic file and - if it's known - their nationality or date of death.

"During the passage of irregular migrants ... there may be those who freeze at the border line in winter. There may be people who drown in a stream. From time to time, there are people who lose their lives in traffic accidents," Van's Gov. Mehmet Emin Bilmez told The Associated Press.

Following autopsies to determine the cause of death and DNA tests, the bodies are kept in the morgue for a fortnight in the hope that a relative or an embassy will claim them.

"If no one takes responsibility for them within 15 days, then the metropolitan municipality takes the body from the morgue, buries it in the cemetery (for the unidentified) and gives it a number," Bilmez explained.

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Dagens Nyheter 21-08-26:

Turkiet/ Turkiet: Inga fler afghanska flyktingar hos oss till sidans topp

President Recep Tayyip varnar EU och Iran för att "stjälpa över" den afghanska flyktingkrisen på Turkiet. De första av hundratusentals afghanska migranter som flydde västerut undan talibanerna nådde under veckoslutet den iransk-turkiska gränsen, där de skickas tillbaka av turkiska styrkor innan de fått möjlighet att söka asyl.

Under ett telefonsamtal med den grekiske premiärministern Kyriakos Mitsotakis på söndagen protesterade Erdogan mot Greklands planer på att skicka afghanska migranter tillbaka till Turkiet. Grekland har försvarat sig med att det bedömer Turkiet som en säker plats för flyktingar.

Erdogan lovade på måndagen att sätta "totalt stopp för det illegala migrantflödet" från Afghanistan. För honom är frågan nära kopplad till den turkiska inrikespolitiken och regerande AKP:s allt sämre resultat i mätningarna. En av regimens mest sårbara punkter är opinionens växande motstånd mot migranter och flyktingar.

De nära fyra miljoner syrier som fann en fristad i Turkiet under inbördeskriget har blivit allt mindre populära i takt med ekonomins kräftgång under coronapandemin. Oppositionspartierna anklagar Erdogan för att ha släppt in en och en halv miljon afghaner. Presidenten slår fast att högst trehundratusen afghaner befinner sig i landet.

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The Prisma 21-08-02:

Medelhavet/ The many faces of a shipwreck till sidans topp

Exposed to ascertain responsibility for the death of 130 people in the central Mediterranean Sea. Border forensic's facts reconstruction.

Alarm Phone

On April 22, 130 people lost their lives off the coast of Libya.

In order to ascertain the possible criminal relevance of the conduct that configured the shipwreck, the representatives of some organizations and some lawyers [the Comitato Nuovi Desaparecidos, the Open Arms Foundation, the Associazione Studi Giuridici sull'Immigrazione Asgi, Alarm Phone, Mediterranea Saving Humans, Arci, Progetto Diritti and, on their own, Senator Gregorio De Falco, lawyers Alessandra Ballerini, Emiliano Benzi, Michele Calantropo, Stefano Greco, Serena Romano, Arturo Salerni] have submitted a complaint addressed to the Prosecutor's Office of Rome.

Border Forensic recently reconstructed the story in a newly released paper, you can find it here.

It is essential to focus on the specific role of the public and private, national and European, actors operating in the central Mediterranean, who, with their active or omissive behavior, contribute in a decisive way to configure the shipwrecks.

To briefly review some of the salient events that took place between April 21 and 22 is necessary to give a political sense to yet another collective death at sea and reflect on the responsibilities of the institutions involved.

Thanks to Alarm Phone we have timely news of the very difficult conditions in which, since April 21, the dinghy with 130 people on board was sailing.

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AYS yyy 21-08-13:

Medelhavet/ Anyone carrying a cell phone in the Med may soon be under surveillance till sidans topp

The (so called) Libyan Coast Guard operates with valuable information that comes directly from the sky. The unstoppable flow of data, images and coordinates entering the Eurosur Fusion Service platform, a system managed by Frontex, capable of generating intelligence reports, is now turned against humans.

Large companies specializing in intelligence have found a gold mine in the management of data to be provided to states committed to locking down borders, Mediterranea writes.

As we have been reporting, Frontex is extensively using the benefits of technological and AI developments for their securitisation that ultimately ends up with people losing lives at the EU borders and not that many solutions for a humane approach in sight. The plan, as announced earlier, is the selling of data collected by spying from space. Data would be sold not only to states, but also to private individuals if they are willing to pay. It involves "the interception of radio waves emitted by maritime radars, Ais transponders, satellite phones and, potentially, of other assets, with geolocation of the equipment." Even though the Agency says it is only in a "pilot project" phase and that they "are not intercepting any communications," the entire project is allegedly subject to secrecy constraints.

All devices that emit waves can be monitored.

As Mediterranea team explains - aid for Libya's efforts to push back migrants now comes directly from space.

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TT / VK 21-08-21:

Grekland/ Grekisk gränsbarriär mot Turkiet klar till sidans topp

Grekland har i veckan färdigställt en fyra mil lång gränsbarriär mot Turkiet. Man har även installerat ett nytt automatiserat övervakningssystem, för att upptäcka och stoppa flyktingar och migranter som försöker ta sig in i EU-landet.

Den massiva och taggtrådsförsedda barriären - som i tidigare tappning var betydligt kortare - byggdes färdigt kort efter att talibanerna tagit kontroll över Afghanistan.

Extremiströrelsens maktövertagande har gett upphov till farhågor om en ny flyktingvåg och en upprepning av 2015 års flyktingkris i EU, då över en miljon migranter och flyktingar tog sig in i unionen.

"Vi kan inte vänta"

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BBC News 21-08-09:

Malta/ The teenagers pulled from the sea and accused of terrorism till sidans topp

Lamin squints at the sun as he points across the harbour. "This place reminds me of the worst day of my life," he says.

It is where he was handcuffed by Maltese soldiers and led away to a maximum-security prison. He was only 15 at the time and, unknown to him, a suspected terrorist.

It was just a misunderstanding, he thought. Once everyone realised what had happened, he would be freed. But that was two years ago. Today Lamin, from Guinea in West Africa, stands accused of hijacking the ship that rescued him at sea and brought him to Europe.

This alleged act of terrorism could put him in jail for the rest of his life.

So how did a child refugee end up in Malta facing accusations of such a crime? For six months I have been investigating this curious case. It is a story of fear, desperation and of being in the wrong place at the wrong time - as a small country decided to take an almighty stand.

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Perilous journey

Lamin had never envisaged making the treacherous journey across the Mediterranean. He ran away from home aged 13 because of a family feud. After making it through the baking Algerian desert - passing the bodies of others who hadn't survived - he was convinced by a friend he'd find work in Libya. There, he cleaned houses for three months for no pay, until his boss offered to help him travel to Europe.

As they set off from the Libyan coast, Lamin remembers the dinghy in which he was travelling deflating. But it was too late to back out, and smugglers were shooting from the shore at him and the other 100-plus people on board. Soon, there was no air left inside the dinghy.

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TT / Squid 21-08-17:

Spanien/ 47 migranter döda utanför Mauretanien till sidans topp

47 migranter har omkommit utanför Mauretaniens kust, rapporterar FN:s migrationsorganisation IOM på tisdagen.

Migranternas båt hade enligt IOM "med stor sannolikhet" lagt ut från västsahariska al-Ayun den 3 augusti med siktet inställt mot spanska Kanarieöarna.

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UNHCR 21-08-18: Boat tragedy off North Africa's coast reminder of perilous sea journeys (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 210808:

AYS 21-07-19:

Grekland/ In blow to solidarity efforts, human smuggling case opened on Lesvos till sidans topp

Two Greek-language news sites announced yesterday that the government had "dismantled a trafficking ring [a smuggling ring] which involves 4 NGO members & 6 'third country nationals.'" The individuals are said to be from Norway, the UK and other European countries, as well as from Syria and Afghanistan, but their identities have not yet been disclosed to the public.

We will remind you that the criminalization of solidarity work in Greece has a long, sordid history stretching back to 2015. The arrest of Sarah Mardini, the Syrian swimmer who returned as an aid worker to Lesvos, is perhaps the most high-profile case.

Back last fall, the Greek government announced they were accusing a total of 35 aid workers of four NGOs in Greece of migrant smuggling and spying. Authorities at the time said the alleged 'crimes' dated back to June 2019, with a special focus on the period of high arrivals on Lesvos in August of that year.

Alarm Phone wrote in a press release last October on the announcement that

Even though the press statement does not name the NGOs or the individuals, there were several media reports stating that the Alarm Phone is among the groups that are targeted. For the time being, we refrain from publicly commenting on the ongoing investigation. Instead, we want to point out the real crimes which are ongoing!

The group noted their relationship with the Hellenic Coast Guard "has never been as complicated as it is right now", and continued:

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France24 21-07-23:

Medelhavet/ When Europe turns a blind eye: Life and death in the Mediterranean till sidans topp

In the spring of 2021, FRANCE 24 went on board the Ocean Viking, the migrant rescue ship of the European NGO SOS Méditerranée. Off the coast of Libya, we filmed both successful rescue missions and others that ended in tragedy, while observing how the authorities interacted with the vessel's staff.

In the Mediterranean, the years go by and almost nothing changes. In 2021, according to the International Organization for Migration (IOM), 955 people have already died trying to reach Europe by sea - twice as many as during the same period last year. NGOs believe these figures are no doubt an underestimate.

According to the 1974 International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS), coastal states have a legal obligation to organise and assist searches in the event of a distress signal. However, since 2016, civil society groups have been plugging the gap.

On April 21, the Ocean Viking began a race against time to try to rescue a dinghy in distress amid a storm, with nearly 130 people on board. But without assistance from the competent authorities, the vessel arrived too late at the scene of a fatal shipwreck.

A few days later, 236 survivors, including 119 minors, were rescued from two other inflatable boats on which they were adrift, before being transported to a port on the European continent. Among them were men, women and children fleeing the hell for migrants that is Libya.

In this documentary, FRANCE 24 brings you an in-depth look at the reality for migrants trying to cross the Mediterranean in search of a better life.

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TT / AB 21-08-01:

Medelhavet/ Hundratals migranter räddade på Medelhavet till sidans topp

Omkring 400 människor som försökt ta sig över Medelhavet räddades utanför Libyens kust under natten till söndagen. Detta efter att deras överfyllda träbåt börjat ta in vatten.

Två hjälporganisationer som har räddningsbåtarna Sea-Watch 3 och Ocean Viking i området, deltog i insatsen som enligt vittnen tog sex timmar.

Migranterna kommer framför allt från Marocko, Bangladesh, Egypten och Syrien.

Enligt Internationella migrationsorganisationen (IOM) har fler än 1 100 människor avlidit på Medelhavet i år.

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TT / AB 21-07-26: Minst 57 drunknade vid Libyens kust (Extern länk)

Aftonbladet 21-08-01: "Jag har tagit mig ur helvetet, nu återstår bara ett helsicke" (Extern länk)

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AYS 21-08-04:

Medelhavet/ The 'Standoff' in the Central Mediterranean over Search and Rescue till sidans topp

1,174. That's the number of recorded deaths in the Mediterranean since the beginning of 2021. In July alone, 252 people lost their lives in these waters.

But the NGO search and rescue ships working to mitigate the terrible effects of the EU's border policies are facing additional challenges to the daily problem of how to locate, reach and rescue those in distress at sea. The 'standoff at sea,' as SOS Mediterranee put it? Disembarkation: how to get people safely and quickly off the rescue ships.

Getting the people who have been rescued into a port of safety has been a problem for NGO ships for years, surely, as authorities often leave these ships in limbo, waiting for days with hundreds of people on board - many with severe health conditions - before they are assigned a port.

The dramatic rescues of the past week, however, and the publicity around the terrible medical condition of the people aboard should have led to a different outcome this time - one would hope. Several people were evacuated from the ships due to severe burns, and one pregnant woman and her partner also were allowed to leave the ship. The condition of the remaining 553 survivors on the Ocean Viking and the 257 on the Sea Watch 3, however, are far from good.

In a press release, SOS Mediterranee called for an immediate port of safety for its passengers. The group also called on EU Member States to "reactivate a disembarkation and relocation mechanism supporting coastal states in coordinating disembarkations."

"All 553 survivors, including 119 minors, four pregnant women and a three-month-old baby, suffer in the sweltering heat on the deck of Ocean Viking. They urgently need to disembark in a place of safety, as do the 257 survivors currently onboard the Sea Watch 3," the group wrote in its statement.

Luisa Albera, the search and rescue coordinator onboard the Ocean Viking, said the following:

(...)

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TT / Squid 21-08-06:

Spanien/ Migranter drunknade på väg till Kanarieöarna till sidans topp

Omkring 40 migranter befaras ha mist livet sedan båten de färdades i kapsejsade på väg till Kanarieöarna, enligt den spanska asylrättsorganisationen Caminando Fronteras.

"Tragedi. 42 människor, varav 30 kvinnor, åtta barn och fyra män, dog när deras båt kapsejsade utanför Dakhla", skriver organisationen på Twitter.

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 210720:

TT / AB 21-07-05:

Medelhavet/ Över 200 har räddats på Medelhavet i dagarna till sidans topp

Räddningsfartyget Ocean Viking har räddat 203 migranter på Medelhavet de senaste dagarna, skriver den humanitära organisationen SOS Mediteranée på sociala medier och tillägger att 67 av dem är barn.

De 203 personerna har räddats under fyra olika insatser sedan i torsdags och kommer från Egypten, Gambia, Libyen, Sydsudan, Syrien och Tunisien.

(...)

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AYS 21-07-15:

Italien/ Italy votes to renew collaboration with the criminal Libyan Coast Guard till sidans topp

Italy's cooperation mission with the Libyan Coast Guard, which will be gradually transferred to the European mission Irini, has received confirmation as the Italian parliament voted with 361 votes in favor, 34 against and 22 abstentions. Renewing cooperation with - and funding for - the so-called Libyan Coast Guard is on.

The approved proposal asks the government to "facilitate training and training activities both in Italy and in Libya and taking into account that the gradual assignment to the Irini mission of the training and training function of the Libyan naval units responsible for controlling maritime borders will be possible once a Memorandum has been signed between Irini and the Libyan authorities relating to training activities in the field of combating human trafficking", as ironic as it sounds.

(...)

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InfoMigrants 21-07-09: Libyan prisons: 'If you stay too long, the Libyans sell you and nobody knows what happens to you' (Extern länk)

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Expressen 21-07-13:

Spanien/ Historien bakom den omtalade bilden på flyktingbarnet till havs till sidans topp

Med sitt fyra veckor gamla spädbarn fastsurrat på ryggen försökte Naima Bakkali simma till säkerhet, i en desperat flykt från hemlandet Marocko.

Nu berättar hon om den traumatiska dagen då de båda var nära att drunkna.

- Jag insåg att jag inte orkade mer. Jag hade ingen kraft kvar, säger hon till TV4 Nyheterna.

Det var i maj som bilden blev viral där en spansk sjöräddare simmade in mot land med ett spädbarn i sina armar. Barnets mamma, Naima Bakkali, 30, hade flytt från Marocko över vattnet i hopp om att nå säkerhet i spanska enklaven Ceuta. På sin rygg hade hon bundit fast sitt fyra veckor gamla barn, och de var båda nära att stryka med.

Nu berättar Naima Bakkali själv om det dramatiska händelseförloppet.

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 210701:

Svenska Dagbladet 21-06-17:

Grekland/ Ljudkanoner används för att stoppa migranter till sidans topp

Greklands nya ljudkanoner som ska stoppa migranter ljuder lika högt som en jetmotor - och orsakar stor smärta. Migranter som försöker ta sig från Turkiet till den grekiska övärlden i sommar möts av en fysisk mur, digitala barriärer och militärt motstånd.

Ljudkanonerna, som är fästa på militärfordon, är bara en del av ett storskaligt testande av nya, digitala och fysiska barriärer som Grekland installerat längs med sin omkring 200 kilometer långa vatten- och landgräns mot Turkiet.

Satsningen inleddes under hösten förra året. Det var efter att Turkiets president Recep Tayyip Erdogan i vredesmod meddelat att turkiska gränsvakter inte längre skulle hindra migranter från att ta sig till Grekland.

Enligt ett avtal mellan EU och styret i Ankara från 2016 ska Turkiet mot betalning stoppa migranter från att avsegla från turkiska kustlägen mot Grekland, eller vandra över landgränsen mellan Turkiet och Bulgarien.

Men Erdogan gjorde efter en konfrontation med Grekland över gränsdragningar i Medelhavet allvar av ett ofta upprepat hot mot EU: han öppnade gränserna västerut, mot EU.

Turkiska myndigheter ordnade till och med skjuts till turkiska kustlägen och gränsorter för hågade migranter.

Men migranterna - de allra flesta inte syriska flyktingar utan afghaner, iranier, afrikaner och andra som länge uppehållit sig i Turkiet illegalt i väntan på att ta sig till Europa - möttes på grekisk mark av taggtråd och beväpnade gränsvakter. Tre personer omkom i tumultet som uppstod.

Grekland började strax därefter att bygga en 26 kilometer lång mur i betong och galvaniserat stål, som nu löper både på land och i vatten längs gränsen mot Turkiet.

Man införskaffade också drönare, fler radarsystem, kameror och rörelsedetektorer samt militärtanks och patrullbåtar till att bevaka ankomsten av migranter.

(...)

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TT-Reuters / Squid 21-06-23:

Grekland/ Amnesty: Grekland tvingar bort flyktingar med våld till sidans topp

Grekland använder våld, hot och närmast tortyrliknande metoder för att tvinga tillbaka migranter till Turkiet. Det hävdar Amnesty International i en ny rapport.

Människorättsorganisationen har samlat vittnesmål från flyktingar som har sökt sig in i Europa via gränsen mellan Turkiet och Grekland, och en stor majoritet av de intervjuade uppger att de har utsatts för våld eller sett andra misshandlas med bland annat sparkar och batongslag.

Detta ska enligt Amnesty även ha drabbat flyktingar med asylstatus som levt i Grekland i över ett år.

(...)

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Amnesty International 21-06-23: Violence, lies, and pushbacks - Refugees still denied safety at borders (Extern länk)

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Sveriges Radio Ekot 21-06-17:

Italien/ Migrationen tar fart när coronarestriktionerna minskar till sidans topp

De senaste dygnen har cirka tusen migranter kommit till den italienska ön Lampedusa, då migrationen åter tar fart när coronarestriktionerna minskar.

Vår migrationskorrespondent Alice Petrén på plats på Lampedusa rapporterar om hur de nyanlända sätts i karantän i 14 dagar och testas två gånger eftersom oron är stor för att muterade covid-varianter ska komma in med migranterna.

Italien kräver mer solidaritet från andra EU-länder för att ta ansvar för de asylsökande. Migrationen blir åter en fråga på EU:s toppmöte mellan stats- och regeringschefer, vilket hålls nästa vecka.

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InfoMigrants 21-06-18:

Italien/ Italy announces humanitarian corridor to bring 500 migrants from Libya till sidans topp

Italian Interior Minister Luciana Lamorgese has announced the signing of a protocol to bring 500 people from Libya to Italy. She also called for Europe to hold "constructive dialogue" on migration.

Italy is to sign a protocol to bring 500 migrants from Libya to Italy. The move was announced by the Italian Interior Minister Luciana Lamorgese during a conference in Rome called "Governing Migration: The Best Practice of Humanitarian Corridors."

The accord involves the UNHCR and will also be managed with Rome's Community of Sant'Egidio and the Waldensians. Participants at the conference included Perugia-Cittā della Pieve Archbishop and Italian Bishops' Conference (CEI) President Gualtiero Bassetti, and Community of Sant'Egidio President Marco Impagliazzo.

Lamorgese says problem isn't only for arrival countries

During the conference, Lamorgese reiterated some concepts that the Italian government has consistently defended. She said Europe needs a "constructive dialogue" because the problem of migration "cannot be handed over to arrival countries alone".

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ECRE 21-06-25:

Medelhavet/ SAR blocked as death count mounts and returns to Libyan "hell" continue till sidans topp

According to the latest update from the European Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) due to red-tape and criminalization by European authorities only two civilian vessels are currently carrying out rescue missions. At least four people including an eight-year old boy died when a boat carrying more than 40 people capsized off the Canary Islands on 17 June. 18 people are believed to have drowned following a shipwreck off Libya on 20 June. More than 14,000 people so far in 2021, have been intercepted and returned to detention in Libya where Médecins Sans Frontičres (MSF) have been forced to suspend its activities in government run detention centres due to ongoing violence against detainees and recent reports have emerged of children being sexually abused by guards.

The June 2021 Update - Search and Rescue (SAR) operations in the Mediterranean and fundamental rights from FRA reveals that: "Due to ongoing criminal and administrative proceedings, vessel seizures, as well as mandatory maintenance work" only six of 19 civilian search and rescue assets currently operate and out of these only two vessels perform SAR operations ('Geo Barents' and 'Ocean Viking'). Nine vessels from the civilian search and rescue fleet are blocked in ports pending legal proceedings, four are docked for other reasons including mandatory maintenance work. The FRA update quotes the International Organization for Migration (IOM) for estimates of 813 people having died or gone missing crossing the Mediterranean Sea to reach Europe in 2021 as of 15 June - an average of almost five people per day. The NGO hotline Alarm Phone reported on a shipwreck on 20 June off Libya believed to have cost the life of 18 people.

(...)

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Sveriges Radio 21-06-30:

Medelhavet/ Gravarna vid Dödens hav - Alice Petrén blickar tillbaka till sidans topp

Medelhavet kallas ofta Dödens hav eftersom många flyktingar och migranter drunknar, när de försöker att ta sig över det i båtar mot Europa. Dödligheten har till och med stigit under de senaste åren.

Färre personer sätter sig numera i båtarna jämfört med toppåren 2015 och 2016, men bland de som ändå trotsar farorna är det numera allt fler som omkommer. Ansvariga EU-ledare har många gånger, efter större olyckor, upprepat att det aldrig ska få ske igen, men samtidigt har de dragit in på räddningsinsatserna i Medelhavet.

Den farligaste rutten går från Tunisien eller Libyen mot Italien och Malta, den så kallade Centrala Medelhavsrutten. På den vägen ligger också den lilla italienska ön Lampedusa

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Arkiveringsdatum 210616:

The Guardian 21-06-03:

Medelhavet/ 'A question of dignity': the pathologist identifying migrants drowned till sidans topp

Dr Cristina Catteneo made it her mission to put a name to each man, woman and child found in the overcrowded hulls of sunken boats bound for Europe

At a glance, Dr Cristina Cattaneo assessed the lifeless body on the floor of an abandoned Sicilian hospital - a thin, young Eritrean refugee about 180cm tall. While most of the corpse was intact, his face and hands were skeletonised, probably the work of sea animals.

It was the morning of 3 July 2015, and this was the first body to be recovered by a navy robot after a shipwreck on 18 April that year, which left more than 1,000 people dead.

They came from Eritrea, Senegal, Mauritania, Nigeria, Ivory Coast, Sierra Leone, Mali, the Gambia and Somalia. They had been trying to reach Europe from north Africa onboard a fishing boat with a capacity of about 30 passengers, which sank in the night after colliding with a Portuguese freighter that had approached to offer assistance. Only 28 people survived.

The vast majority of corpses were in the hull, wedged 400m deep on the sea floor. The boy's cadaver was one of 13 the Italian authorities had found in the water and managed to recover using a mechanical claw. He was wearing a black jacket and sweatshirt, jeans and trainers. His remains were placed in a body bag and labelled with an identification number in white ink: PM3900013.

His identity is still unknown, like most of the hundreds of other victims. There is no official death toll but about half of the thousands of asylum seekers who have died while attempting to cross the Mediterranean lie in unmarked graves in Italy's cemeteries.

(...)

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AYS 21-06-13:

Medelhavet/ 2610 people rescued, 1000 people returned, 200 still at sea till sidans topp

Between Friday and Saturday, MSF's rescue vessel GeoBarents carried out 7 rescues. Since then 410 people have been on board.

Four of the rescue operations were carried out in Maltese waters, but the island's authorities refused to give MSF any support or a place of safety. Alarm Phone reported they were in contact with three more boats in the area on Saturday. At least one other boat carrying 100 people has contacted Alarm Phone on Sunday and are still missing.

1200 people also arrived to Lampedusa over 24 hours between Saturday and Sunday. They were brought to the small Italian island in 16 different operations, media report.

(...)

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ECRE 21-06-04: As European Migration Control Efforts in North-Africa Continue and EU Rejects Responsibility for Death at Sea - People Keep Dying (Extern länk)

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AYS 21-06-15:

Medelhavet/ 'Saved' to be sent to certain detention and torture till sidans topp

Several organisations engaging in search and rescue missions at sea have reported that the people rescued by the merchant ship Vos Triton were then transferred against their will to a Libyan vessel and sent back to Libya, thus returned to conditions of detention, torture, and rape.

This occurs at the same time as Italy and Malta refused to provide a port to the rescue vessel Geo Barents', with 410 rescued people on board. These ongoing situations at sea are just a few of those that Sea Watch has been reporting on, and is a burning issue across the Mediterranean, despite being actively ignored by the EU:

In addition to the #VosTriton case, #Seabird sighted 9 other boats: 1 was pulled back - probably involving a #Frontex drone. 2 were rescued by the Italian Coast Guard. 1 with smoking engine will probably be intercepted soon too.

(...)

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Border Criminologies Blog 21-06-03:

Grekland/ Weaponizing refugees: Constructing the other through fear and danger till sidans topp

Evgenia Kouniaki

The moments of 2015, when we witnessed European and Greek solidarity with refugees turned gradually into a dystopia forming the crisis of February-March 2020, with images of hatred and racist violence on the Aegean islands and the Evros borders flooding the media. While Turkey was invading Syria's northern borders, the media and the official - European and national - political leadership spoke of Erdogan's invasion to Europe using refugees as a weapon. Similar to how the "crisis" of 2015-2016 was used to "legitimize" the need of even greater border "protection", through surveillance, detention, and increased returns, the February-March crisis was used for the reinforcement of border militarization. This post attempts to capture how these two 'crises' continue to shape migration and asylum policy in Greece and in the European Union.

The new Pact on Asylum and Immigration, reinforces not only questionable border procedures but also the externalization of refugee management through readmission agreements, equivalent to the EU- Turkey Joint Declaration, which the Greek government requested to be replicated at the land borders of Evros. In this context, reception and detention centers at the land borders will become key migration management tools, resembling the situation on the Aegean islands.

The concentration of 13,000 people in Kastanies, Evros in February/March 2020 was confronted violently (by both sides) with widespread use of chemicals, two killings and illegal pushbacks in which "self-appointed" groups related to far-right organizations in Greece, Germany and Austria participated.

(...)

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The New Humanitarian 21-06-02:

Italien/ A Sicilian fishing town, and the perils of Italy's migration deal with Libya till sidans topp

We follow the law of the sea. For us, these are not migrants; they are simply people stranded at sea that we must help.'

Over the past decade, the Sicilian fishing town of Mazara del Vallo has had a front-row seat to witness escalating EU efforts to curb migration across the Mediterranean, but its fishermen have paid their own high price for Europe's strategy and its dealings with Libya.

Mazara's fishermen have rescued thousands of asylum seekers and migrants in distress. They have also been targeted by the Libyan Coast Guard for fishing in waters that Libya considers its own.

Pietro Russo, a 66-year-old fisherman from the town, has been sailing the central Mediterranean since he was 17. "Even we, as EU citizens, have experienced the brutality of the Libyan Coast Guard on our own skin, so we know what migrants desperate to leave Libyan prisons feel," Russo told The New Humanitarian.

2021 is shaping up to be the deadliest year in the central Mediterranean since 2017. At least 640 people have drowned or gone missing following shipwrecks, and more than 14,000 asylum seekers and migrants have reached Italy - a ratio of one death for about every 22 people who survive the crossing.

In comparison, around 1,430 people had died or disappeared in the central Mediterranean by the end of May 2017, and more than 60,000 had arrived in Italy - a ratio of 1 death for every 42 arrivals.

This year, more than 8,500 asylum seekers have also been intercepted by the EU-backed Libyan Coast Guard and returned to detention centres in Libya, European navies have largely withdrawn from search and rescue activities, and NGOs trying to help migrants - facing numerous bureaucratic hurdles - are struggling to maintain a consistent presence at sea.

(...)

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ECRE 21-06-02:

Spanien/ Investigations into "Hot Returns, Concerns Over Treatment of Children till sidans topp

The Public Prosecutor's Office has opened investigations into the so-called "hot return" of children from Ceuta to Morocco as Spanish Ombudsman Francisco Fernández Marugán visits Ceuta and Melilla. Meanwhile, the situation of children in the Canary Islands continues to be a matter of concern. New arrivals via the Atlantic Route continue while hundreds of people are currently missing en route to the Canary Islands and a Mauritanian boat with fourteen deceased bodies on board was found floating in Caribbean waters.

The Public Prosecutor's Office has opened investigations into the so-called "hot return" of children from Ceuta to Morocco following the arrival of 8,000-10,000 people in Ceuta between 17-19 May amid a diplomatic stand-off between Morocco and Spain. The investigations follow a complaint filed by the NGO Coordinadora de Barrios regarding the case of Aschraf, a 16-year-old boy who swam to the enclave on 19 May using empty plastic bottles to stay afloat and who was illegally returned to Morocco the same day by the military and civil guards deployed on Tarajal beach. According to Aschraf, he was returned twice that day as he had initially made it to the enclave on 18 May already and stayed one night in a shelter, El Diario reports. Referring to Aschraf's return that was captured on video, Coordinadora de Barrios emphasised in its complaint that the child's crying and asking soldiers for protection should have stopped his return under the principle of non-refoulement. "There is no more evidence of mistreatment than a child crying, terrified, asking for understanding ("You have to understand us") and asking for protection ("They are going to beat me"), reads the complaint.

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Arkiveringsdatum 210603:

SvT Utrikes 21-05-20:

Spanien/ Bebis var nära att drunkna - räddades av polis till sidans topp

Bilden på Juan Francisco Valle i det spanska civilgardet som räddar ett spädbarn i vattnet utanför den spanska enklaven Ceuta sprids som en löpeld på sociala medier världen över.

41-årigen visste inte om den stelfrusna bebisen levde eller inte när han genomförde insatsen. Källor inom civilgardet bekräftar att spädbarnet är vid liv, men avslöjar inte var det befinner sig just nu, skriver tidningen El País.

Juan Francisco Valle har arbetat inom en specialenhet för sjöräddning inom Guardia Civil i tolv år.

Barnet vars bild nu sprids på nätet ska ha varit fastsurrad på sin mors rygg, då hon simmande försökte ta sig till den spanska exklaven från Marocko.

Ökade spänningar

Tusentals människor som illegalt har tagit sig över gränsen till spanska Ceuta har skickats tillbaka till Marocko.

Situationen vid gränsen har ökat de diplomatiska spänningarna mellan regeringarna i Madrid och Rabat.

De späs på av att en västsaharisk självständighetsledare vårdas i Spanien.

(...)

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SvT Utrikes 21-05-21:

Spanien/ Spanien skickar trupper till Ceuta till sidans topp

Över 8 000 personer har tagit sig från Marocko över gränsen till spanska Ceuta sedan i måndags. Spänningarna mellan de två länderna fortsätter att öka. Nu skickar Spanien militära trupper till Ceuta, uppger The New York Times.

Trupper och helikoptrar syntes i Ceuta under dagen, ett resultat av Spaniens reaktion på att tusentals migranter tagit sig över gränsen från Marocko. I början av veckan hade över 8 000 personer, varav 2 000 är barn, på något sätt - oftast genom att simma eller via uppblåsbara flottar - tagit sig till spanska Ceuta.

(...)

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ECRE News 21-05-21: 8000 arrivals in Ceuta amid diplomatic stand-off with Morocco, ombudsman calls for protection of unaccompanied children (Extern länk)

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TT / AB 21-05-21:

Spanien/ Hon överlevde tre veckor i drivande träbåt till sidans topp

17-åriga Aicha såg en efter en duka under av törst. Av 59 hoppfulla som i en träbåt gett sig av ut i Atlanten var till slut bara hon och två till vid liv.

- Vi orkade inte ens kasta kropparna överbord.

På högsta EU-nivå tas tonårsflickans berättelse upp som ett akut exempel på den tragiska migrantsituationen.

Träbåten gav sig av från Mauretaniens ökenkust i början av april. Målet var Kanarieöarna, i hopp om att hitta en bättre framtid i EU.

- Efter två dagar hade vi inget vatten, ingen mat, berättar Aicha för BBC.

- Efter fyra dagar var bränslet slut.

De 59 människorna ombord var i världshavets dyningars våld och började driva rakt västerut. De blev svagare och svagare.

- Det fanns män som inte orkade resa sig, som skrek efter vatten, "snälla ge mig vatten", minns Aicha, som kommer från Elfenbenskusten.

- Vi använde en sko för att ge dem lite havsvatten.

Hörde helikopter

Dagarna gick, passagerare började dö.

- I början bad vi böner. Men till slut inte.

Dagarna under den heta tropiska solen blev till veckor.

- Vi hade inte ens ork att kasta kropparna överbord.

Men så, efter 22 dygn, surret av helikopterblad. Kanarieöarnas gränsbevakning hade siktat båten. Den spanska räddningsstyrkan trodde knappt sina ögon.

- Vi var 500 kilometer sydväst om El Hierro. Längre kan inte helikoptern flyga, säger piloten Alex Gķmez.

Världens ände

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 210520:

Statewatch Analyses 21-05-06:

Medelhavet/ Border surveillance, drones and militarisation of the Mediterranean till sidans topp

The growing use of drones and other long-range, increasingly-automated forms of surveillance and data collection are part of the militarisation of Europe's borders in the Mediterranean, which have led to thousands of unnecessary deaths and push- and pull-backs to Libya, where migrants and refugees face arbitrary detention, violence, mistreatment and torture. This article, by the journalist Antonio Mazzeo, chronicles investments into and tests and deployments of drone technology by EU and national agencies in the Mediterranean.

War against migrants with Israeli drones

On 20 October 2020, The Guardian gave the news that Frontex, the European Border and Coast Guard Agency, had entrusted aerospace giant Airbus and two Israeli companies with an "aerial maritime surveillance" service using drones to intercept migrant vessels crossing the Mediterranean. Operations should commence in the first months of 2021, following test trials that the contractors will undertake in the Greek island of Crete. Two contracts were signed, both of them for a value of 50 million Euros: the first one with the consortium Airbus - Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI), and the second one with Elbit Systems Ltd., based in Haifa.[1]

(...)

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InfoMigrants 21-05-10:

Medelhavet/ Five migrants drown fleeing Libya, 700 returned to detention till sidans topp

A child was among at least five people who drowned at the weekend when a boat carrying about 45 migrants capsized off Libya. More than 700 migrants were intercepted and returned by Libyan coast guards.

A boat carrying at least 45 migrants overturned off the Libyan coast on Sunday, Safa Msehli, a spokesperson for the UN migration agency (IOM), said. The migrants were attempting to reach Europe when the wreck happened. At least five people died, including a child. The 40 survivors were rescued by fishermen and returned to shore, Msehli added.

(...)

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AYS 21-05-17:

Medelhavet/ Hundreds of people in distress across the Mediterranean till sidans topp

This weekend and the beginning of this week saw hundreds of people in distress in different areas of the Mediterranean.

Ceuta alone saw 900 arrivals on Monday. As of this morning, the number had gone up to 5,000 people. Over 100 people made the crossing by swimming the dangerous waters between Morocco and the Spanish enclave.

In the Central Mediterranean, the Sea-Eye 4 rescued over 400 people between mid-day on Sunday and today. In at least one of the cases, a Frontex plane had spotted the people in distress but had done nothing to alert rescuers or get the people to safety-the crew only found the people by following the plane's suspicious circling. In another case, Frontex was probably involved in pulling people back to Libya. The job of rescuing people in distress at sea falls completely on NGO rescue ships, as European authorities refuse to communicate information about distress cases, organize rescues, or even provide a safe port for people in need.

(...)

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AYS 21-05-18: 146 years in prison for rescue action (Extern länk)

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AYS 21-05-13:

Medelhavet/ Somali father sentenced to 146 years for trying to save dozens of lives till sidans topp

The Greek justice system and the EU's harsh border policies have destroyed another life this week: not by drowning, but with a sentence of 146 years in a Greek prison for trying to save 33 lives off the coast of Lesvos last December.

While the criminalization of European sea rescuers such as Carola Rackete receives a good deal of media attention, "the everyday practice of incarcerating non-Europeans on the Greek islands goes almost unnoticed," Borderline Europe wrote in a press release on Wednesday. "However, it is they who constitute the majority of those being arrested and imprisoned on allegations of 'smuggling' and 'aiding illegal immigration'."

This Thursday, May 13, 27-year-old Mohamad H., a father of four children, stood trial in Mytilene, Lesvos. His crime? Steering a rubber boat, of which he himself was also a passenger, through treacherous waters off the coast of Greece in an effort to avoid a shipwreck and apply for asylum in Europe. For this, Mohamad faced two life sentences and a further ten years imprisonment for each passenger aboard.

The journalist Daphne Tolis wrote on Twitter that the young father was sentenced to 146 years in prison in a Mytilene courtroom yesterday:

On December 2, 2020, Mohamad and 33 other people, including three children, left Turkey for Greece in a rubber boat. In the middle of the Aegean, the boat went into distress, and Mohamad, who had no prior boating experience, took the helm and tried to steer the craft to shore. (The other passengers confirmed that Mohamad tried to save their lives.)

(...)

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AYS 21-05-04:

Grekland/ 286 testimonies of torture along the Balkans till sidans topp

The Border Violence Monitoring Network has published a torturte report for 2020 covering 286 first-hand testimonies in the Balkans. The key findings are the following:

Croatia:

+ In 2020, BVMN collected 124 pushback testimonies from Croatia, documenting the treatment of 1827 people

+ 87% of pushbacks carried out by Croatian authorities contained one or more forms of violence and abuse that BVMN assert amounts to torture or inhuman treatment

+ Violent attacks by police officers against people on the move lasted up to six hours

+ Unmuzzled police dogs were encouraged by officers to attack people who have been detained.

+ Food was rubbed into the open wounds of pushback victims.

+ People were forced to undress, officials set fire to their clothes and then pushed them back across borders in a state of undress.

Greece:

(...)

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The full report can be found on the borderviolence website (Extern länk)

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AYS 21-05-13:

Grekland/ Somali father sentenced to 146 years for trying to save dozens of lives till sidans topp

The Greek justice system and the EU's harsh border policies have destroyed another life this week: not by drowning, but with a sentence of 146 years in a Greek prison for trying to save 33 lives off the coast of Lesvos last December.

While the criminalization of European sea rescuers such as Carola Rackete receives a good deal of media attention, "the everyday practice of incarcerating non-Europeans on the Greek islands goes almost unnoticed," Borderline Europe wrote in a press release on Wednesday. "However, it is they who constitute the majority of those being arrested and imprisoned on allegations of 'smuggling' and 'aiding illegal immigration'."

This Thursday, May 13, 27-year-old Mohamad H., a father of four children, stood trial in Mytilene, Lesvos. His crime? Steering a rubber boat, of which he himself was also a passenger, through treacherous waters off the coast of Greece in an effort to avoid a shipwreck and apply for asylum in Europe. For this, Mohamad faced two life sentences and a further ten years imprisonment for each passenger aboard.

The journalist Daphne Tolis wrote on Twitter that the young father was sentenced to 146 years in prison in a Mytilene courtroom yesterday:

On December 2, 2020, Mohamad and 33 other people, including three children, left Turkey for Greece in a rubber boat. In the middle of the Aegean, the boat went into distress, and Mohamad, who had no prior boating experience, took the helm and tried to steer the craft to shore. (The other passengers confirmed that Mohamad tried to save their lives.)

(...)

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Sveriges Radio Studio Ett 21-05-18:

Grekland/ Situationen i det återuppbyggda lägret på Lesbos till sidans topp

Samtidigt som coronareglerna lättar i Grekland och turisterna börjat strömma till igen, fortsätter också flyktingar migranter att söka sig dit.

På ön Lesbos finns två av våra korrespondenter Filip Kotsambouikidis, som bevakar Östeuropa och Alice Petrén, migrationskorrespondent.

De har besökt flyktingläger och intervjuat representanter för bland annat FN:s flyktingkommissariat UNHCR, som kritiserar Grekland för att ägna sig åt så kallade pushbacks.

Hela inslaget (Extern länk)

Sveriges Radio Ekot 21-05-18: Migrationen till Grekland väntas öka igen (Extern länk)

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ECRE News 21-05-14:

Italien/ Calls for solidarity with Italy while endless cycle of death at sea continues till sidans topp

The European Commission urges relocation to other member states from Italy where the number of arrivals has surpassed 11,000 in 2021. According to Missing Migrants project more than 600 people have lost their lives on the Mediterranean since January attempting to reach Europe.

According to local media the arrival of more than 2,100 people to Lampedusa over 24 hours on 9 and 10 May resulted in a dramatic situation with more than 700 people sleeping rough at the Favarolo pier before 500 people were transferred to the Imbriacola district hotspot. 200 reportedly remain at the pier and emergency accommodation under establishment with a capacity of 250 is set to host 1,500 people. On 11 May it was reported that around 20 people rescued by a commercial vessel off Libya where approaching Lampedusa. According to data from the ministry of interior a total of 11,000 people have arrived to Italy by sea in 2021, compared to 4,105 over the same period in 2020 but still significantly lower than numbers during the peak of arrivals in 2015. At a joint press conference on 10 May with UNHCR, EU home affairs commissioner, Ylva Johansson urged relocation to other member states through "a temporary arrangement to deal with the situation". United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, Filippo Grandi also present at the press conference reminded media and public that: "We are talking about manageable numbers" and regretted the loss of life on the Mediterranean.

(...)

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Sveriges Radio Ekot 21-05-10:

Italien/ Tusentals migranter till Lampedusa - högerpolitiker oroas till sidans topp

I helgen kom över 1 400 flyktingar och migranter till den lilla italienska ön Lampedusa.

Islamistiska grupper, jihadister, i Sahel har vuxit sig starkare, med sitt våld och dödande har de drivit miljontals människor på flykt.

Italienska högerpolitiker menar att det här kan vara början på en ny ström av människor och båtar från Nordafrika över Medelhavet.

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Aftonbladet 21-05-17:

Spanien/ Tusen migranter har tagit sig till spanska Ceuta till sidans topp

Omkring tusen migranter, varav cirka en tredjedel barn, har tagit sig från Marocko till den närliggande spanska exklaven Ceuta, där de tagits om hand av myndigheter.

Enligt en talesperson för Spaniens regeringsdelegation har människorna simmat och i bland vadat över vattnet.

(...)

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Aftonbladet video 21-05-19: Migranterna simmar till Spanien - Mamman: Vi gick ner i vattnet med våra barn (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 210504:

AYS 21-04-30:

Medelhavet/ Italian Navy Rescues People at Sea-Finally till sidans topp

In the words of one Italian journalist, "Something must have happened" if, for the first time in years, the Italian Navy actually rescued people in distress in the Central Mediterranean. But the news is true: 49 people were rescued on the morning of April 30 and are now on board the Navy patrol boat Commander Foscari. The people were adrift in international waters 75 nautical miles north of Tripoli, and all are in good health, according to a Navy press release.

While several years ago the Italian Navy was leading rescue missions in the Central Med, helping to save thousands of lives, more recently the Navy is known for its inaction and its complicity in either leaving people to drown, or sending them back to Libya.

(...)

Hela artikeln (Extern länk)

AYS Weekend Digest 01-02/05/21: More than 800 rescues at sea (Extern länk)

AYS 21-05-03: 50 people drown off Libyan coast (Extern länk)

Mathilde Auvillain i Politico 21-04-29: My time on Europe's haunted seas (Extern länk)

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SvT Utrikes 21-04-26:

Grekland/ Grekland anklagas för illegala avvisningar - här räddas migranter på öppet hav till sidans topp

När SVT:s team följde med den turkiska kustbevakningen på patrull, bevittnade de tre gummibåtar med migranter som drev omkring på öppet hav. De ska ha utsatts för så kallade "pushbacks", av grekisk kustbevakning.

- De skar av startsnöret och knuffade tillbaka oss, säger en av migranterna till SVT Nyheter.

Den grekiska övärlden stod i frontlinjen för det stora antal flyktingar och migranter som kom till Europa 2015.

Sedan flyktingavtalet mellan EU och Turkiet 2016 har antalet migranter som nått de grekiska öarna minskat och förra året var antalet rekordlågt.

Men sedan förra året har också uppgifterna om så kallade pushbacks skjutit i höjden - det vill säga att man förhindrar migranter från att ta sig över landsgränsen för att kunna ansöka om asyl.

Grekland anklagas för illegala avvisningar

(...)

Hela inslaget (Extern länk)

SvT Utrikes 21-04-26: SVT:s korrespondent: Därför anklagas Grekland för "pushbacks" (Extern länk)

SvT Utrikes 21-04-26: Debatt om EU:s migrationspolitik: "Ett kaos som har skapats av Europas högerextrema" (Extern länk)

Statewatch 21-04-30: Pushbacks from Greece to Turkey: Ombudsman's report highlights obstruction of investigations (Extern länk)

ECRE 21-04-30: Scandalous sentence for young refugee, request to Commission, legal action before ECtHR (Extern länk)

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AYS 21-04-26:

Grekland/ Legal Centre Lesvos files case against Greece for massive pushback till sidans topp

"On 12 April 2021, the Legal Centre Lesvos (LCL) filed a new complaint before the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) regarding 'pushback' operations in the Aegean Region by the Hellenic Coast Guard. In the present case, LCL's lawyer represents 11 Syrian nationals who were part of a group of 180-200 people violently expelled from Greece to Turkey on 20-21 October 2020.

The case was reported on in social media at the time and includes extensive evidence corroborating survivors' testimonies, such as GPS locations, media reports, photographs and video footage. The 11 who are bringing this litigation to the ECtHR were part of a group of between 180 to 200 migrants, including at least 40 children and one pregnant woman, who Greek authorities collectively expelled to Turkey in a violent and massive coordinated operation carried out over more than 24 hours in the Mediterranean Sea, and involving multiple vessels of the Hellenic Coast Guard, including one Search and Rescue vessel.

(...)

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AYS 21-04-16:

Italien/ Officials made deals with Libyan coast guard knowing people would be left to die till sidans topp

Leaked recordings show Italian officials aware of Libyan Coast Guard's indifference, cooperated anyway

For several years, people on the move and advocates have been sounding the alarm about cooperation with Libya. Despite evidence of torture in Libyan camps, despite evidence of brutality on the part of the so-called coast guard, EU governments continue to send people back to Libya and share resources with local authorities. Ever since the Italy-Libya deal in 2017, which ceded responsibility for rescues in the Mediterranean Sea to the Libyan authorities, countless people have died as a result of the Libyan Coast Guard's brutality and indifference.

New leaked recordings show that the Italian authorities were aware of the indifferent attitude their Libyan counterparts had towards rescues. In one phone call, coastguard Col Massoud Abdalsamad responds to information that ten boats are in distress in Libyan waters by saying, "It's a day off."

It's a day off. It's a holiday here. But I can try to help. Perhaps we can be there tomorrow.

(...)

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SvT Utrikes 21-04-17:

Italien/ Salvini stoppade fartyg med flyktingar - ställs inför rätta för människorov till sidans topp

Italiens förre inrikesminister Matteo Salvini ställs inför rätta för sitt beslut att stoppa ett hundratal migranter från att gå i land på Sicilien, rapporterar Reuters.

Det stod klart på lördagen efter beslut från en domare. Salvini riskerar fängelse ifall han döms för brottet, som rubriceras som människorov.

De drygt 100 flyktingarna var i augusti 2019 ombord på ett räddningsfartyg på väg att lägga till i Italien. Dåvarande inrikesministern Matteo Salvini, som tillhör högerpartiet Lega, stoppade dock fartyget. Det dröjde nästan tre veckor innan migranterna till slut släpptes i land på Lampedusa.

(...)

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ECRE 21-04-23:

Italien/ Controversial Italian/Libyan communication emerge till sidans topp

Migration was at the top of the agenda as ministers from Italy and Libya reaffirmed the importance of their bilateral relations. Leaked transcripts of communication between the countries' officials reveal Italian knowledge of Libyan authority's incompetence and its indifference to the lives of people trying to reach Europe by sea. Despite UNHCR head urging Italy to stop penalizing civil search and rescue operators the crackdown continues as do deaths on the Mediterranean and returns to Libya.

On 19 April Italian interior minister, Luciana Lamorgese, met with the head of the Libyan Presidential Council, Mohammed Menfi and both parties have reaffirmed the importance of their bilateral relations including the cooperation on fighting irregular migration. The meeting follows new incidents revealing severe abuse, rights violations, killings and the environment of impunity in Libya. Following the recent release of Abdelrahman Al-Bidja, one of the world's most wanted human traffickers and former head of the so-called Libyan coast guard in Zawiya, several people spoke out about the torture they suffered at his hands.

(...)

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AYS 21-04-30:

Italien/ Italian Navy Rescues People at Sea-Finally till sidans topp

In the words of one Italian journalist, "Something must have happened" if, for the first time in years, the Italian Navy actually rescued people in distress in the Central Mediterranean. But the news is true: 49 people were rescued on the morning of April 30 and are now on board the Navy patrol boat Commander Foscari. The people were adrift in international waters 75 nautical miles north of Tripoli, and all are in good health, according to a Navy press release.

While several years ago the Italian Navy was leading rescue missions in the Central Med, helping to save thousands of lives, more recently the Navy is known for its inaction and its complicity in either leaving people to drown, or sending them back to Libya.

(...)

Hela artikeln (Extern länk)

AYS Weekend Digest 01-02/05/21: More than 800 rescues at sea (Extern länk)

AYS 21-05-03: 50 people drown off Libyan coast (Extern länk)

Mathilde Auvillain i Politico 21-04-29: My time on Europe's haunted seas (Extern länk)

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Border Criminologies 21-04-16:

Italien/ Silencing critical voices and erasing the critical gaze on border violence till sidans topp

Guest post by Dr. Deanna Dadusc and Dr. Chiara Denaro.

During the past month in Italy, a new wave of criminalisation attacked critical voices and practices that contest the EU border regime on land and sea, with the raids of the association Linea D'Ombra at Slovenian border, the eviction of the mountain migrant solidarity squat of Oulx, as well as further criminalisation of Search and Rescue in the Mediterranean. On 1st March 2021, activists of Mediterranea Saving Humans, the Search and Rescue (SAR) NGO operating in the Mediterranean Sea, had their houses raided and their computers and phones confiscated. They were accused of 'facilitating the illegal immigration' of 27 people who, after being rescued by the merchant vessel Marsk Etienne in August 2020, were kept on a 37 days standoff outside Maltese territorial waters due to the denial of a place of disembarkation. On 11 September 2020, Mediterranea activists decided to put an end to the violent standoff, transhipped the survivors to their Mare Jonio vessel and were authorized to disembark them in Pozzallo, Italy.

(...)

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ECRE 21-04-30:

Spanien/ Risky attempts to reach Spain cost more lives till sidans topp

More people have died during their attempts to reach Spanish soil, including the loss of lives along the Atlantic Route and in Ceuta. Following new inspections on the Canary Islands, the Spanish Ombudsman ordered the closure of a substandard quarantine site in Fuerteventura and called for the referral of unaccompanied children from the Canary Islands. 153 people have been deported within two months while the Spanish government opposes a recent court order on the expiry of return orders.

On 26 April, an Airforce plane spotted a boat drifting 490 km south of El Hierro. It carried 24 lifeless bodies, including children, as well as two men and one woman that were alive but had hypothermia and suffered from dehydration. While the survivors were evacuated by helicopter and hospitalised in Tenerife, a coastguard vessel towed the deceased to Tenerife where it arrived on Wednesday. They had been at sea for 22 days, a survivor said. At least 280 people have disappeared on the Atlantic Route within the past month according to Helena Maleno Garzķn, head of the NGO Caminando Fronteras. The Missing Migrants Project, run by the International Organization for Migration (IOM), recorded 70 deaths along the Atlantic Route this year as of 23 April. More deaths were recorded in Ceuta when more than 100 people tried to swim to the Spanish enclave last weekend. At least one person drowned during such an attempt on 24 April.

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 210416:

TT / AB 21-04-03:

Grekland/ Grekland övar militärt med Tunisien till sidans topp

Grekland och Tunisien förenas i en gemensam militärövning på Medelhavet. Länderna vill förbättra kampen mot illegala aktiviteter.

- Denna övning söker utveckla samarbetet mellan Tunisien och Grekland i kampen mot alla faror till havs, vilket inkluderar illegal migration och smuggling, säger det tunisiska försvarsdepartementets talesperson Muhammad Zekri.

(...)

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AYS 21-04-02:

Malta/ Europe, don't let there be another Easter tragedy! till sidans topp

On Easter Weekend, Malta once again ignores people in distress

At the time of writing, about 270 people are in distress in the Maltese Search and Rescue Zone, according to Alarm Phone.

The boat with 110 people on board has been in the sea for almost more than two days, the boat with 60 people for about 60 hours. When Alarm Phone contacted the Maltese Coast Guard, the agency that is responsible for rescues in the Maltese SAR Zone, they hung up on them.

Two merchant vessels are in the vicinity of the distress cases but have not conducted a rescue yet.

According to Sea Watch, the merchant vessel Nordic Star headed towards the boats after the NGO's monitoring airplane Moonbird sent a distress call, but turned away again.

(...)

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TT / AB 21-04- 03: Nödställda migranter räddade av hjälporganisationerna (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 210402:

OpenDemocracy 21-03-16:

Medelhavet/ Lawfare on solidarity at sea: The Mediterranean rescuers facing trial till sidans topp

'Instead of sea rescuers being charged for saving lives, Italian and European politicians should be charged with crimes against humanity'

On 1 March 2021, an Italian prosecutor in Trapani closed a lengthy investigation into the work of civil rescuers in the Mediterranean Sea. Charged with "aiding and abetting illegal immigration to Italy", 21 members of the charities Jugend Rettet, Save the Children and Doctors Without Borders face trial. Among them are members of the civil rescue ship, Iuventa, who have helped rescue more than 14,000 people in distress. The crew, known as the 'Iuventa10', have been under investigation since August 2017, following the seizure of the ship at the port of Lampedusa. If found guilty, they could face considerable time in prison.

The allegations against the maritime activists rest in part on evidence collected by a secret recording device placed on the Iuventa, wiretapped phones, as well as statements of employees of a private security company who had been employed as security guards on another civil rescue ship, the Vos Hestia, chartered by Save the Children. Pietro Gallo, one of the private security agents who passed information on to AISE, the Italian intelligence service, and to Matteo Salvini, the leader of Italy's far-Right Lega party, later regretted his involvement and suggested that the allegations against the rescuers were unfounded. The Italian prosecutor's case is also informed by an undercover police officer installed among the private security guards on the Vos Hestia.

(...)

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The new Humanitarian 21-03-23:

Medelhavet/ When a migrant drowns, a whole community feels the loss till sidans topp

The hidden costs of Mediterranean shipwrecks on a remote Senegalese village

On an unknown day in 2015, a shipwreck off the coast of Libya in the Mediterranean Sea took the life of Binta Balde's second son.

It was days before the news travelled the more than 3,400 kilometres back to the village of Anambe Counda in the remote south of Senegal where Binta lives and where her son, Demba, had been born.

No one in the village knows the exact timeline of events. Lives here are ruled by the weather, and the passage of time is marked by the progress of two seasons: the rainy and the dry.

All anyone can say with certainty is that news of the shipwreck arrived on a Friday, the communal day of prayer for the Muslim majority in the village.

On that afternoon, grief-stricken cries pierced the normal, low din of neighbours chatting and children playing games. Binta froze. The shrieks came from the mud hut compound next to her own. Something terrible had happened.

Binta rushed out to see if she could offer help, but before she reached anyone else, Mamadou, her eldest son, blocked her path.

"There has been an accident," he said. The neighbours' son had drowned at sea while trying to reach Italy. But Mamadou hadn't finished. "Demba was with him," he said. "They were in the same boat. He died too."

Binta dropped to the ground as if she had been shot.

Invisible victims

Since 2014, when the UN's migration agency, IOM, began keeping track, more than 21,500 people have died or disappeared attempting to cross the Mediterranean Sea to Europe. Already this year, almost 300 have perished. The true tally is undoubtedly higher, as some deaths are never officially recorded.

(...)

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AYS 21-03-30:

Medelhavet/ The Libyan coastguard's nine telephone numbers till sidans topp

The story began yesterday, March 30, at 8 a.m, and what transpired over the course of the morning and afternoon played out, as it always does, in two distinct but intertwined realities: one reality, on the deck of an unseaworthy rubber boat crammed with some 88 people in a deepening state of unimaginable distress and panic; and the second reality, in the telephone lines, as activists from Alarm Phone sent updated GPS coordinates and distress signals to the Libyan coastguard, ultimately calling the coastguard on nine different telephone numbers in a determined attempt to force authorities to step in and prevent dozens of unncessary deaths.

In the end, it appears the so-called Libyan coastguard let some 85-88 people drown in the waters just 5 nautical miles of its shores. (Two women and three children had already gone overboard the partially-deflated boat and drowned.) Why would Libya do this?

(...)

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Border Criminologies 21-03- 22:

Grekland/ Weaponising Geography on the Greek-Turkish Border till sidans topp

Guest post by Josh Askew

That Greece is illegally expelling migrants is well-known. Since 2016, the Border Violence Monitoring Network (BVMN), along with other human rights watchdogs, has documented how migrants are being systematically detained by the Greek police, transferred to the Turkish border and forced out of the European Union (EU).

These expulsions are known as pushbacks. Distinct from deportation, pushbacks are when individuals are expelled to other countries without formal procedures or safeguards. Needless to say, they are illegal. Beyond flouting the principle of non-refoulement - which guarantees that no one should be returned to a country where they face persecution - pushbacks preclude asylum.

Pushbacks involve a concerning degree of violence. Driven by the perverse logic of a flawed deterrence strategy, Greek authorities have beaten, tortured, sexually assaulted and killed migrants. Yet, since the end of 2020, the BVMN has observed a new, hybrid form of violence emerging on the Greek-Turkish border; one which incorporates geography itself.

The land border between Greece and Turkey is in the Evros region. Much of this 125km long frontier is defined by the Evros/Meriį river. 180m at its widest, the Evros river is fast, with a flow rate of 200 cubic metres per second during the winter (four times that of the London Thames). As a result of this strong current, which deposits tons of sediment, the river is littered with small islands of barren, boggy land.

Typically, when a pushback occurs, up to a hundred migrants are bussed to clandestine detention centres in the Evros region, where they are often beaten and their personal belongings, mobile phones and documents seized - never to be returned. Under the cover of darkness, they are then brought in small groups to the river, loaded into inflatable dinghies and transported to Turkish soil.

(...)

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ECRE News 21-03-26:

Spanien/ Atlantic route: Distress cases, deaths, and transfers to camps till sidans topp

More than 100 people who left West African shores are currently in distress and searched by the Spanish coast guard, Salvamento Marítimo. A two-year-old child did not recover from her perilous journey to the Canary Islands and died on Sunday after days in intensive medical care. The government announces the end of emergency accommodation in hotels.

(...)

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ECRE News 21-04-16: Spanish deportation efforts facing headwind - Death at sea, controversy over island camps, death and attempt to cross border fence in the enclaves (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 210314:

TT / SvT 21-02-28:

Medelhavet/ Minst 15 migranter har drunknat utanför Libyens kust till sidans topp

Minst 15 migranter har drunknat efter att en gummibåt kapsejsat utanför Libyen. Kustbevakningen ska ha räddat nära hundra personer, rapporterar nyhetsbyrån AP.

Olyckan ska ha inträffat sedan en gummibåt med minst 110 migranter ombord kapsejsat utanför Libyens kust. Migranterna ska ha rest från kuststaden Zawiya och var på väg mot Europa.

(...)

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AYS 21-03-03:

Medelhavet/ Iuventa crew and others may face legal charges for SAR work till sidans topp

Under fire for search and rescue in the central Med, 1,309 days later

Yesterday in the digest we celebrated the wonderful news that Sea Watch 4 was freed from detention and Sea Watch 3 was given a safe port for the 363 people on board. But every triumph in one arena, it seems, always comes with a setback in another.

The next setback came the following day, with the news that Italian prosecutors have completed a probe into three NGOs and 21 individuals for allegedly aiding illegal immigration in the central Mediterranean-"aiding illegal immigration" being, of course, search and rescue (SAR) work.

Now, Save the Children, Doctors Without Borders (MSF) and the German organization Jugend Rettet are under legal scrutiny for SAR operations they conducted in 2016 and 2017. The Iuventa ship, which was running migrant-rescue operations for Jugend Rettet, was seized by authorities in Lampedusa in 2017, some 1,309 days ago.

"This is a political declaration of intent to criminalise solidarity, and it has a deadly consequence: people die, when they could be saved," Iuventa wrote in a press release following the news of the probe.

(...)

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AYS 21-03-03: Sea Watch 4 released from blockade and safe port found for Sea Watch 3 (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 210226:

ECRE 21-02-12:

Medelhavet/ The Cycle of Interceptions, Rescues and Arrivals Continues till sidans topp

Since the beginning of February, activity on the Mediterranean continues to be intense with departures from Libya, interceptions by the so-called Libyan coast guard, and rescues. About 1,500 people have been intercepted and returned to Libya within one week, where they face arbitrary detention and a vicious cycle of violence. 422 survivors, rescued by the civilian ship Ocean Viking, disembarked in Italy.

Within only one week, about 2,000 people attempted to escape Libya where migrants face hellish conditions including arbitrary detention, torture, and exploitation. 1,487 people departing from Libya were intercepted at sea and returned by the country's so-called coast guard between 2 and 8 February. 800 people were intercepted and taken to detention centres within just 24 hours, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) reported on 5 February. The same day, a new interim government for Libya was formed at the Libyan dialogue forum held in Geneva with support of the UN.

Six bodies were recovered in the Central Mediterranean over the last week and at least three more people remain missing. According to IOM's Missing Migrant Project, this brings this year's death toll in the Mediterranean Sea to 135 lives that were lost within only six weeks.

(...)

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Sveriges Radio Ekot 21-02-21:

Italien/ Italien döms för "push backs" - utsatte människor för fara till sidans topp

Italien har dömts i domstol för illegala push backs till Slovenien, det vill säga för att ha avvisat flyktingar och migranter utan att låta dem söka asyl.

Landet har enligt domstolen indirekt utsatt människor för fara via en kedja av push backs på Balkan.

Jurister som Ekot mött i Trieste varnar för att när myndigheter bryter mot lagen kan det även drabba européerna själva.

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Arkiveringsdatum 210208:

AYS 21-01-25:

Italien/ Ocean Viking rescues 373 people to Sicily till sidans topp

Ocean Viking updates:

Arriving off Augusta on Monday morning with 373 survivors. Over the span of 48 hours, they were rescued from three different boats. Everyone, including the crew, tested negative for COVID.

Luisa Albera, OceanViking's Search & Rescue Coordinator, said: "After weeks of bad weather, conditions off the Libyan coast improved earlier this week, which led to numerous departures of people trying to flee across the central Mediterranean on unseaworthy, overcrowded boats. Reports of shipwrecks and interceptions by the Libyan Coast Guard came in as the team on the Ocean Viking, the only civil rescue ship at sea this week, was engaged in intense search and rescue operations. EU member states must find a sustainable solution for a swift and predictable disembarkation mechanism, supporting European coastal states and working to uphold maritime law at our common southern shores."

Arrivals in Lampedusa:

(...)

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ECRE News 21-01-22:

Spanien/ Atlantic route: Arrivals slowing as death toll continues till sidans topp

Over the first weeks of 2021 more than 1,000 people have arrived to the Canary Islands. The death toll of close to 2,000 in 2020 continues and with latest incidents 11 people have lost their life trying to reach the islands so far this year. Hundreds of people are detained at the Barranco Seco camp under harsh and cramped conditions for up to 10 days, well beyond the legal limit of 72 hours. The Spanish government is under critique for its slow and inadequate response to arrivals.

According to statistics from the Ministry of Interior 1,069 migrants in 28 dinghies and small boats have arrived to the Canary Islands over the first two weeks of 2021. While this represents a 234% increase compared to the same period in 2020, arrivals slowed down compared to 3,457 in December and 8,157 in November. Following recent loss of life at the Atlantic route the death toll continues to raise.

(...)

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ECRE 21-01-29: Atlantic route: Further delay of camps in Canary Islands as local tensions grow, huge backlog age-assessment cases, 80 people in Arguineguín pier were COVID positive (Extern länk)

ECRE 21-02-05: Ombudsman demands free movement for asylum seekers, investigations into possible hate crimes, Covid outbreak in reception centre (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 210125:

The New Humanitarian 21-01-12:

Medelhavet/ Death on the Central Mediterranean: 2013-2020 till sidans topp

Since 2013, more than 17,000 asylum seekers and migrants are known to have disappeared or died.

On 31 December, as people around the world were gearing up to celebrate the New Year, the Spanish search and rescue NGO Open Arms rescued 169 people adrift in international waters off the coast of Libya

Along with other people rescued on 2 January, they were eventually disembarked in Italy. But many never complete the treacherous journey. Since 2013, more than 17,000 asylum seekers and migrants are known to have disappeared or died in the Central Mediterranean. Already in the first week of this year, at least 15 people disappeared and were presumed dead.

The more than 36,400 asylum seekers and migrants known to have crossed the Central Mediterranean from North Africa to Europe last year is a far cry from more than 180,000 in 2016, but the continually high death rate still makes the sea the world's deadliest borderzone.

Why?

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 210111:

ECRE 21-01-08:

Medelhavet/ 265 survivors disembarked in Italy, loss of lives at sea continues till sidans topp

265 people rescued by the NGO Open Arms disembarked in Italy, where survivors and crew members were placed in quarantine. At least 35 people drowned within the past two weeks in the Mediterranean Sea. Rescue capacity remains low as the civil fleet continues to be blocked. The Ocean Viking rescue ship was finally released after five months.

The 265 survivors who had been rescued in the past week by the NGO Open Arms disembarked in Sicily on 5 January. While the adult passengers boarded an Italian quarantine ship moored outside the port of Porto Empedocle, about 50 minors were brought to the pier with patrol boats after testing negative for COVID-19. The crew was placed in mandatory quarantine aboard the Open Arms ship by Italian health authorities.

In the night of 31 December, 169 soaking-wet people were rescued by the Open Arms crew from a wooden boat adrift in Libya's SAR zone following alerts by the NGO hotline Alarm Phone and Pilotes Voluntaires. Two days later, another 96 people were taken aboard the Open Arms vessel in Malta's SAR zone. According to Alarm Phone, the Rescue Coordination Centre of Malta did not react to distress calls or in some cases hang up the phone immediately, Times of Malta reported. Further, Maltese authorities refused to provide a safe port for disembarkation of the survivors aboard the rescue vessel, among them six babies and a nine-month pregnant woman. Conditions on deck deteriorated rapidly due to bad weather, a situation which would have meant "certain death" on a boat, wrote Open Arms founder Oscar Camps on Twitter.

(...)

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ECRE 21-01-15: Ocean Viking resumes rescue mission amid more tragedies unfolding at sea (Extern länk)

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ECRE 21-01-08:

Grekland/ Deaths and push-backs continue, Racist attack on centre for children till sidans topp

Violent pushbacks continue with another incident in the Evros region on 29 December. Yet another life lost at the Aegean where a 26-year old woman drowned on 4 January. Four children were injured on 26 December when 12 armed people attacked an accommodation centre for unaccompanied refugee children in Northern Greece. Conditions in 'Moria 2.0' on Lesvos and the EU funded 'new Malakasa' construction outside of Athens are increasingly dire.

The NGO hotline Alarm Phone has reported the violent pushback of 70 people who were beaten by Greek border guards and forced across the Evros river to Turkey. The evidence of systematic pushbacks by Greek authorities is mounting and according to the Aegean Boat report arrivals have decreased more than 84 per cent in 2020 compared to 2019 partly as a result of illegal pushbacks. The organisation reports 324 pushback cases in the Aegean Sea in 2020 involving 9,741 men, women and children, 3,067 of which were picked up by Greek authorities after arriving to the Greek islands. Mare Liberum, monitoring the human rights situation in the Aegean Sea is mourning the death of the 26-year old woman Kathun Seido. She drowned as she was crossing the Aegean Sea with her two siblings, traveling to reunite with their family in Germany.

(...)

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ECRE 21-01-15: Significant decrease of arrivals - chaos continues (Extern länk)

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ECRE 21-01-08:

Italien/ 265 survivors disembarked in Italy, loss of lives at sea continues till sidans topp

265 people rescued by the NGO Open Arms disembarked in Italy, where survivors and crew members were placed in quarantine. At least 35 people drowned within the past two weeks in the Mediterranean Sea. Rescue capacity remains low as the civil fleet continues to be blocked. The Ocean Viking rescue ship was finally released after five months.

The 265 survivors who had been rescued in the past week by the NGO Open Arms disembarked in Sicily on 5 January. While the adult passengers boarded an Italian quarantine ship moored outside the port of Porto Empedocle, about 50 minors were brought to the pier with patrol boats after testing negative for COVID-19. The crew was placed in mandatory quarantine aboard the Open Arms ship by Italian health authorities.

In the night of 31 December, 169 soaking-wet people were rescued by the Open Arms crew from a wooden boat adrift in Libya's SAR zone following alerts by the NGO hotline Alarm Phone and Pilotes Voluntaires. Two days later, another 96 people were taken aboard the Open Arms vessel in Malta's SAR zone. According to Alarm Phone, the Rescue Coordination Centre of Malta did not react to distress calls or in some cases hang up the phone immediately, Times of Malta reported. Further, Maltese authorities refused to provide a safe port for disembarkation of the survivors aboard the rescue vessel, among them six babies and a nine-month pregnant woman. Conditions on deck deteriorated rapidly due to bad weather, a situation which would have meant "certain death" on a boat, wrote Open Arms founder Oscar Camps on Twitter.

(...)

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ECRE 21-01-15: Ocean Viking resumes rescue mission amid more tragedies unfolding at sea (Extern länk)

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AYS 21-01-10:

Italien/ When criminalisation doesn't pay - the case against Salvini till sidans topp

Mediterranea Saving Humans have been accepted as a civil party in the case against Matteo Salvini, the former interior minister of Italy. He stands accused of illegal confinement and misuse of authority.

Today is an especially important moment for us: civil sea rescue, the defense of human rights and of the lives of women, men and children attempting to escape Libyan concentration camps and crying for help at sea are not for once the defendants. They will be, instead, part of the prosecution against a politician who has defacto made his government position a means of violation of principles of humanity, international laws and of the Italian Constitution. Our decision of joining the civil suit is our way to stand with the main injured parties in this trial, the people rescued by Open Arms who had to endure illegal confinement by those who were in power at the time.

(...)

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ECRE 21-01-08:

Spanien/ Atlantic Route: Deadly incidents and concern over conditions for children till sidans topp

Four dead bodies were found onboard a boat carrying 47 people, landing in Tenerife on 5 January. 15 people lost their lives on 23 December after authorities failed "to act quickly" to alerts of a boat in distress in Spanish waters. Concern over conditions for 2,500 children in the Canary Islands.

A boat carrying 47 people of sub-Saharan origin including 17 youth believed to be children landed on El Cabezo beach in southern Tenerife on 5 January. Four had died prior to arrival and three were hospitalized with burns and other injuries. On 23 December the NGO hotline Alarm Phone alerted Spanish and Moroccan authorities to a boat in distress inside Spanish territorial waters. According to Alarm Phone authorities failed to act quickly and 15 of the 59 people onboard are feared drowned while 44 survivors were returned to Morocco. On 6 January, Salvamento Marítimo rescued 125 people in distress on high sea south of Gran Canaria, who were travelling in three wooden boats. None had to be hospitalised.

(...)

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ECRE 21-01-15: Arrivals and loss of life continue, restrictions of departures to mainland (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 201207:

AYS 20-11-26:

Grekland/ Frontex and its human rights violations, Part x till sidans topp

Frontex's involvement in the violation of human rights is finally getting more attention. After a group of international journalists reported on how Frontex was directly involved in at least one pushback and was at the scene of at least four more, EU Commissioner Ylva Johansson summoned an extraordinary meeting of the management board, in order to obtain information from Frontex head Fabrice Leggeri about the allegations. The meeting took place on 10 November. At the meeting, Leggeri confirmed that Frontex assets were in close vicinity to pushbacks, however since no Serious Incident Report (SIR) was filed, there was no evidence of the pushbacks. SIRs are the first step of Frontex internal mechanism to obtain information about human rights violations. As Leggeri puts it in a letter to the EU LIBE Committee:

"Every participant shall report immediately serious incidents (SI) to Frontex, in case he/she witnesses, is involved, or has grounds to suspect the occurrence of an incident representing a possible violation of fundamental rights or international protection obligations (Category 4 of SI Catalogue)."

(published by Tineke Strik)

In practice, however, it seems like these reports are hardly filed in cases of human rights violations. For example there was no such a report in an incident on 2 March, when a Danish Frontex crew was ordered by Greece to conduct a pushback by placing already rescued people back on a boat. The crew refused, the case became public. Frontex headquarters however only heard of it via the media, not through a SIR. In another incident that took place on 30 October, a Swedish Frontex crew wanted to file an SIR, but was advised not to do so by the Frontex officer in charge. When thousands of people were stranded in March at the Turkish-Greek land border in the Evros region and at least two people were shot to death, presumably by the Greek authorities, Frontex sent more units instead of considering deployment, as advised by its own Fundamental Rights Office.

(...)

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SvT Utrikes 20-12- 03:

Spanien/ Turistparadiset nya målet för migranter - oroar öborna till sidans topp

Antalet migranter som som tar sig till Kanarieöarna har tiodubblats i år. Istället för turister har den spanska ögruppen tagit emot över 20 000 människor på flykt från fattigdom i Afrika. 500 beräknas ha dött under färden över Atlanten, rapporterar SVT:s utsända från Gran Canaria.

En anonym migrant berättar att han betalat 350 Euro, närmare 4000 kronor och allt familjen ägde, för båtfärden från Senegal. En resa som tog 15 dagar.

- Vi var 129 personer ombord på båten. Det enda jag vill är att arbeta, berättar mannen för SVT:s utsända.

Han är en av uppskattingsvis 20 000 afrikanska migranter som tagit sig till öarna hittills i år. Det är tio gånger så många som förra året. Den kanariska befolkningen talar om en migrantkris och känner sig svikna av EU:

(...)

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AYS 20-12-02: Why more people arrive on the Canary Islands (Extern länk)

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Open Democracy 20-12-07:

Spanien/ Trying to stay afloat: migrants reopen route to the Canary Islands till sidans topp

As COVID-19 measures close borders within Africa, migrants find new ways to stay mobile.

María Hernández Carretero, Ida Marie Savio Vammen

A WhatsApp voice message came in from Moustapha Diouf a little over a month ago. "It has started again," he said, "the pirogues are heading to the Canary Islands. The route has picked up again." Diouf is one of the spokesmen of AJRAP, a small association of migrant deportees in Thiaroye-sur-Mer, a fishing community on the outskirts of Dakar, Senegal. By this he meant that traditional pirogue fishing boats are once again filling up with West African migrants ready to brave the Atlantic Ocean to reach Europe. More than a thousand migrants reached the Spanish archipelago within few days. It's a development that alarms and saddens Diouf. He knows from experience that such journeys can end up having lethal consequences for the migrants involved and create deep wounds of grief in local communities. But he is not surprised that people are leaving.

Since 2015, increasing activity on the so-called Western African Maritime Route has led to rumours that the route was about to open up again. And for years, Diouf has worried that the local youth would follow in his own footsteps and those of the more than 32,000 migrants who arrived in the Spanish Canary Islands in 2006. This is why AJRAP seeks to raise awareness of the dangers of irregular migration and to push officials and international NGOs to create alternative livelihood options for the youth. Diouf knows it is an almost impossible mission. Young men, like those of his generation, are ready to "dem ba dee" - go or die trying. "You have to understand that young people are tired of poverty and of the lack of fish and of job alternatives," he said. "They can't stay put anymore."

Arrivals in Spain continue to climb

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 201124:

SvT Utrikes 20-11-12:

Medelhavet/ Minst 74 migranter har drunknat utanför Libyens kust till sidans topp

Minst 74 migranter har drunknat utanför Libyens kust efter att ett fartyg på väg mot Europa kapsejsat utanför Libyens kust, rapporterar nyhetsbyrån Reuters.

Fartyget var på väg till Europa från hamnen i staden al-Khums i Libyen när olyckan inträffade.

Ombord ska det ha funnits omkring 120 människor varav flera kvinnor och barn.

(...)

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AYS 20-11-13: More than 100 lives lost in the Mediterranean Sea (Extern länk)

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AYS 20-11-16:

Medelhavet/ 3 years in Libya, a testimony till sidans topp

At least 267 people were returned over the weekend to Libya. IOM spokesperson Safa Msehli reports that 190 people were intercepted by the Libyan coast guard on Saturday. Alarm Phone report that one boat, carrying 77 people, was returned on Sunday. This week more than a hundred people have died in the stretch of sea that divides Italy and Malta from Libya and Tunisia, the central Mediterranean.

Once more, European coast guards have failed in their duties towards those in distress at sea.

Once more, European governments are content with witnessing a hundred lives lost at sea, rather than a hundred of people reaching European shores to flee war, persecution and poverty.

(...)

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AYS 20-11-12:

Grekland/ 13 people drowned, 70 left hungry and freezing on an island! till sidans topp

The Turkish authorities fired warning shots at the people who tried to return to Turkish territory, while everything allegedly started with a Greek repatriation to an island when the Greek authorities illegally deported these people to the island (on the border between the two countries). Before pushback, the Greek authorities held them in custody without food and water for an entire day.

Josoor first reported about the situation:

(...)

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EUobserver 20-11-18:

Grekland/ Revealed: Official Greek order to illegally pushback migrants till sidans topp

New evidence of Greek state-sanctioned illegal pushbacks of migrants has emerged in documents obtained by EUobserver.

A redacted chain email from the EU's border agency, Frontex, made available following a freedom of information request, clearly shows that the Hellenic Coast Guard (HCG) received orders to push migrants back into Turkish territorial waters.

Such pushbacks are illegal under international law given that people have the right to enter Greece to claim asylum.

Whether they then receive asylum or not is up to well-established asylum procedures.

The email, dated 6 March 2020, describes an incident where the Danish coast guard refused orders to force migrants and asylum seekers on a small boat near the Greek island coastline back to Turkey.

Frontex chief Fabrice Leggeri has repeatedly described that incident as a "misunderstanding", telling the European Parliament that it was an isolated incident.

But the nine-page Frontex email chain casts that assessment into doubt, given it was direct order.

The incriminating line in the emails says that the Hellenic Coast Guard had in fact taken orders to transport migrants on a rubber boat back to Turkish waters.

(...)

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ECRE News 20-11-13:

Malta/ Constitutional case filed over pushback, death-toll climbing and returns continue till sidans topp

A constitutional case has been filed by 50 people over breach of rights by Maltese authorities in pushback operation to Libya in April. After a series of shipwrecks the death-toll rapidly climbs on the Med and returns to Libya continue.

On 11 April the NGO hotline Alarmphone alerted Maltese authorities to a boat heading for the Maltese SAR zone. Three days after the initial alert and after 39 hours in the Maltese SAR zone the people onboard, whose physical and psychological condition was deteriorating, were picked up by a fishing vessel acting as an agent of state. After being 'pushed back' to Libya, they were placed in a detention centre where they were made to suffer further inhuman and degrading treatment. 50 applicants, and two siblings of people who lost their life during the pushback operation in April, have filed a constitutional case against the Maltese prime minister, the home affairs minister and the commander of the Armed Forces over breaches of their human rights under the Constitution, the European Convention and the EU Charter of human rights. Violations include inhuman and degrading treatment, the right to life, collective expulsion, the right to seek asylum and to contest the pushback, and a lack of effective remedy.

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 201111:

Just Security 20-10-26:

Grekland/ Torture by rescue: Asylum-seeker pushbacks in the Aegean till sidans topp

How summary expulsions from Greece have continued with impunity

by Itamar Mann and Niamh Keady-Tabbal

Images of migrants in bright orange tent-like structures, adrift on the Aegean, began to circulate online in March. In a new pattern of covert expulsions, spanning several Aegean islands, Greek authorities had begun weaponizing rescue equipment to violently expel asylum seekers.

Relying on migrants' testimonies, video and photographic evidence, we documented 11 incidents, between March and May 22, in which asylum seekers arriving on Greek islands and into territorial waters were dragged out to sea by the country's Hellenic Coast Guard. Authorities left them adrift in inflatable, motorless rafts. In August, the New York Times documented 31 expulsions, 27 of which involved this novel and dangerous tactic. According to the Times, more than 1,000 people were subject to such treatment.

The United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR) called on Greece to "refrain from such practices" and to "seriously investigate these reports." Yet, as dedicated aid-workers and volunteers - some of whom are refugees themselves - have documented, the summary expulsions of asylum seekers from Greek islands and territorial waters have continued with impunity.

As the new pushbacks have become systematic, the surreal images of these fluorescent, tent-shaped rafts have quickly become an icon of Greece's doctrine of border enforcement. In light of recent investigation revealing the extent of European Union (EU) complicity in this systematic practice, it's high time to re-examine what, as a matter of law, is at stake in this pattern.

(...)

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AYS 20-10-28:

Grekland/ Frontex says "no evidence", videos and eye witnesses say otherwise till sidans topp

Frontex says they investigated themselves, found no evidence to "substantiate any accusations of violations of the law or Frontex Code of Conduct"

The investigative portal Bellingcat recently exposed how Frontex have been involved, either directly or indirectly, in at least six pushbacks between Turkey and the Greek islands since March this year. Their evidence includes videos of Frontex ships blocking a boat of people off the Greek coast and several eye witness accounts from Greek islanders. In a series of tweets on Tuesday, Frontex stated:

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AYS 20-11-10:

Grekland/ Greek authorities arrest father of 6-year-old who drowned till sidans topp

On Sunday night, a boat carrying 27 people was in distress off the coast of Samos. Choose Love says that we do not have the details of what exactly happened, but tragically a six-year-old ended up losing his life and six people (including two pregnant women) are still missing. While the survivors were taken to the camp on Samos to quarantine, the father of the boy was arrested along with the driver of the boat. The father was taken in for "suspicion of endangering a life" and if convicted, he could face up to 10 years in prison.

(...)

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Sveriges Radio Ekot 20-11-11:

Grekland/ Frontex startar internutredning efter medieuppgifter till sidans topp

Efter medieuppgifter om att EU:s gränspolismyndighet Frontex ska ha kränkt människor på Medelhavet och stoppat dem från att kunna söka asyl säger Frontex att man ska förbättra sitt arbete för att skydda mänskliga rättigheter.

Det framgår av ett pressmeddelande efter ett efter ett extrainsatt styrelsemöte.

Frontex medger ännu inte några av de övergrepp, som EU-myndigheten har anklagats för, men rättstänkandet hos poliser och tjänstemän, som dagligen ingår i operationer ute på plats måste stärkas, så att de tillämpar gällande lagar.

Och övervakningen av vad som sker till havs ska förbättras. Det är beskedet efter Frontex extrainsatta styrelsemöte. Gällande ordning är uppenbarligen inte tillfredsställande.

(...)

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AYS 20-11-09:

Italien/ No rights and no criteria for Tunisian people in Italy till sidans topp

Throughout the summer, Italian media and authorities pointed to Tunisian people arriving on Italian shores as public enemy number one. Over 11,000 people have arrived in Italy from the North African country since the beginning of 2020, and Italy is set to consider each of them a danger and an 'economic migrant', refusing to consider any asylum claim coming from Tunisian citizens.

"In Lampedusa hotspot, a pre-identification is carried out through the so-called 'foglio notizie' [...] They sign it without knowing what it is, without receiving information about their right to claim asylum, and they end up being automatically considered economic migrants" (Sami Aidoudi, cultural mediator, to Il Manifesto).

Over the last months, we have reported on the conditions on the quarantine ships, the lack of rules and criteria over who is sent to such ships and for how long. At the same time, Italian authorities have been pressuring their Tunisian counterparts to update the bilateral deal on deportations, which was done in August. The contents of the deal are secret, but the number of deportations were doubled from 40 to 80 people per week.

Following recent attacks in France and Austria, Tunisian people have become the centre of attention for European officials, and are now all considered possible terrorists. France has demanded that Tunisian authorities improve control over their borders and Italy has pledged to deploy "ships and aeroplanes to alert Tunisia to the departure of clandestine boats ferrying migrants north to Italian shores", media report. The same ships and planes that refuse to respond to distress calls in the central Med on a daily basis. As usual, everything that European countries should, but are not willing, to do to save lives at sea is done to stop people from reaching Europe.

(...)

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Sveriges Radio Ekot 20-10-29:

Spanien/ Över 140 döda i båtolycka utanför Senegal till sidans topp

FN:s organisation för migration, IOM, uppger nu att minst 140 människor dog när en migrantbåt brann och kapsejsade utanför Senegal i lördags. Enligt FN:s organisation för migration, IOM, är det den dödligaste olyckan med en migrantbåt i år. Båten med var på väg till Kanarieöarna.

Spanska och senegalesiska fartyg och fiskare kunde rädda livet på omkring 60 av migranterna, men åtminstone 140 personer drunknade och dog.

(...)

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Aftonbladet 20-11-05: Försvunnen migrantbåt på väg till Kanarieöarna hittad - alla ombord döda (Extern länk)

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Sveriges Radio P1-morgon 20-11-09:

Spanien/ Många asylsökande till Kanarieöarna till sidans topp

Coronapandemin med stor arbetslöshet får nu tusentals människor i Afrika att söka nya vägar mot Europa. Det här är åtminstone en förklaring som Spaniens regering har till att det på mycket kort tid har kommit tusentals migranter till Kanarieöarna.

Ökningen på Kanarieöarna började märkas i augusti, men under de senaste veckorna har det handlat om hundratals personer dagligen.

Hör migrationskorrespondent Alice Petrén rapporterar från Gran Canaria.

Poliserna blockerar piren här i Arguineguín. Det är en liten fiskehamn som ligger nere på sydspetsen här på Gran Canaria. Det är hit kustbevakningen med sina orangea fartyg för in afrikaner, som nu kommer i smala träbåtar över Atlanten.

Piren är kanske 150-200 meter lång och bortom poliserna står en rad av Röda Kors tält uppställd. Och ännu längre ut skymtar jag migranterna, jag ser färgen på deras kläder, men varken ansikte, kön eller ålder. Poliserna blir snabbt närmast brutala i ton.

Cirka 12 000 nyanlända i år och merparten nu under hösten, var den uppgift, som EU:s migrationskommissionär Ylva Johansson fick när hon besökte den här hamnen i fredags. Men i lördags kom ytterligare 16 båtar hit till Gran Canaria och sammantaget till Kanarieöarna kom det på en dag nästan 1 100 personer.

Det är en explosionsartad ökning för tillfället.

Till Grekland har det i år, under hela året 2020 kommit 12 000, men hit alltså fler än tusen på en enda dag.

(...)

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Sveriges Radio Ekot 20-11-09: Rekordmånga migranter till Kanarieöarna (Extern länk)

ECRE 20-10-23: Arrivals in Canary islands continue to rise, Children separated from their parents for months in order to prove kinship (Extern länk)

ECRE 20-10-30: People face death at sea and miserable conditions upon arrival in the Canary Islands, High prosecutor's office prohibits separation of children (Extern länk)

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Källor: Informationen på denna sida är hämtad från följande källor (externa länkar): EU (kommissionen, ministerrådet, parlamentet och domstolen), Europarådet (mr-kommissionären, domstolen, kommittén mot tortyr), FN:s flyktingkommissariat UNHCR, FN:s kommitté mot tortyr m.fl. FN-organ, Sveriges Radio, SvT, andra svenska media via Nyhetsfilter och pressmeddelanden via Newsdesk, utländska media till exempel via Are You Syrious och Rights in Exile, internationella organisationer som Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, ECRE, Statewatch och Picum, organisationer i Sverige som Rädda Barnen, Asylrättscentrum, Svenska Amnesty, FARR och #vistårinteut samt myndigheter och politiska organ som Migrationsverket, Sveriges domstolar, JO, Justitiedepartementet m.fl. departement och Sveriges Riksdag.

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