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Arkiveringsdatum 211018:

Amnesty International 21-10-11:

Från Venezuela/ Authorities continue to deny protection to people fleeing the crisis till sidans topp

The Curaçaoan and Dutch authorities have violated the rights of Venezuelans seeking international protection in Curaçao, Amnesty International said today in the new report, Still no Safety: Venezuelans denied protection in Curaçao. The organization documented 22 cases of Venezuelans, including children, who have been subjected to human rights violations such as automatic detention under inhumane conditions, ill-treatment, family separations and the denial of their right to seek asylum.

Almost 5.7 million Venezuelans have fled the human rights crisis in their country, making it one of the largest forced displacement crises in the world. Curaçao, a nearby Caribbean island that is part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, is one of the destination countries. It is estimated that 17,000 Venezuelans live with irregular migratory status on the island.

"It's unacceptable that the Kingdom of the Netherlands has supported the Curaçaoan authorities in rounding up, detaining and deporting people who fled Venezuela in search of safety. Instead of turning a blind eye while people's human rights are being violated, the Dutch authorities should ensure that they receive the international protection they need," said Erika Guevara-Rosas, Americas director at Amnesty International.

Still no protection

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Arkiveringsdatum 210904:

Asylnytt 21-09-03:

Från Venezuela/ Migrationsdomstol ger flyktingstatus till person som lämnat militären till sidans topp

En person som varit anställd inom militären i Venezuela vägrade återrapportera till överordnade hur han röstat och att skriva under en lojalitetsförklaring till presidenten. Istället begärde han sig entledigad, vilket inte besvarades. Han lämnade landet med sin familj strax innan utreseförbud för militär personal infördes. Eftersom han också deltagit i demonstrationer och nu hållit sig borta i flera år och saknar det nya medborgarkortet så hävdar han att familjen kommer att uppmärksammas vid ett återvändande. Migrationsverket påpekade att de lämnat landet med tillstånd och med egna passhandlingar. Han nekades aldrig att sluta sitt arbete och det finns enligt Migrationsverket ingen anledning att han skulle straffas. Familjen fick avslag i december 2018 och saken har först nu behandlats i domstol. Domstolen håller med om att familjen inte var av särskilt intresse för myndigheterna vid utresan. Men situationen har polariserats och det finns uppgifter om att personer som betraktas som desertörer utsätts för skyddsgrundande behandling. Det är sannolikt att mannen kommer att uppmärksammas och därför beviljas flyktingstatusförklaring för honom och familjen. Källa förvalltningsrätten i Göteborg.

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Arkiveringsdatum 200831:

EASO 20-08-24:

Från Venezuela/ EASO publishes a COI report: Venezuela Country Focus till sidans topp

On 20 August 2020, the European Asylum Support Office (EASO) published a Country of Origin Information (COI) report titled 'Venezuela Country Focus'.

This COI report is a joint initiative of EASO and the Secretariat of the Intergovernmental Consultations on Migration, Asylum and Refugees (IGC)1.

The report addresses the main topics and questions raised by international protection authorities, decision-makers, and COI researchers. It covers recent developments in the economy, political and security situation, and the humanitarian situation. The report also discusses the most recurring targeted profiles by the government and its security forces. It describes activities of armed pro-government civilian groups (colectivos), including targeted profiles, modus operandi, relation with the government and security forces, and state response for victims of colectivos. Final chapters describe identity and courts documents, entry and exit procedures, and the situation of lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans (LGBT) persons.

Some findings of the report include:

The mass emigration of Venezuelans constitutes one of the largest in recent Latin American history. While the number of Syrians who left their country reached 6.5 million in seven years (2011-2017), the number of Venezuelans who left their country reached 4 million in four years (2015-June 2019).

Venezuela has one of the highest homicide rates in Latin America, despite a decrease in 2019. Armed groups, both domestic and foreign, operate in Venezuela, with distinct objectives, modus operandi, political loyalties and relations with the state.

Colectivos exert political and social control in neighbourhoods where they operate, and have become instrumental in the use of coercive control over protests through the use of violence and often in coordination with security forces.

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Se även:

Amnesty International 20-08-06: Trinidad and Tobago: Deportation of 165 violates international law (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 200523:

Asylnytt 20-05-23:

Från Venezuela/ Domstol: Politiskt aktiva som hotas av Los Colectivos är flyktingar till sidans topp

Målet rör en kvinna som flytt från Venezuela med sin dotter. Kvinnans sambo i hemlandet har också flytt, men till USA där hans fd fru och barn har asyl. Paret var aktiva i oppositionspartiet Primero Justitia. Konflikten inleddes med att den radikala och beväpnade gruppen Los Colectivos, som står regeringen nära, lade beslag på sambons mark. Myndigheterna kunde inte göra något. Därefter kom hotelser och utpressning. Kvinnans bil, som hade klistermärken från partiet, förstördes. Hotelserna polisanmäldes utan resultat. Migrationsverket anser att det talar emot kvinnan att hon inte sökte asyl förrän efter flera dagar i Sverige samt att sambon inte har sökt asyl. Uppgifterna ifrågasätts inte men Migrationsverket anser inte att kvinnan kan visa vem som hotat dem eller att attentatet mot bilen var riktat mot henne. Dessutom kunde hon lämna landet legalt. MIgrationsdomstolen bedömer däremot att berättelsen verkar självupplevd och att det framgår av landinformation att oppositionella kan utsättas för skyddsgrundande behandling av regimen eller av Los Colectivos. Eftersom det inte finns myndighetsskydd och det är oklart om internflykt är relevant beviljas kvinnan och dottern flyktingstatus. Domen är inte vägledande. Källa förvaltningsrätten i Luleå.

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Arkiveringsdatum 191214:

UNHCR 19-12-06:

Från Venezuela/ UNHCR welcomes Brazil's recognizing of thousands as refugees till sidans topp

UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, welcomes Brazil's move to recognize thousands of Venezuelan asylum-seekers as refugees on a prima facie basis. Some 21,000 Venezuelans in the country immediately benefited from the decision on Thursday by Brazil's National Committee for Refugees (CONARE).

From now on, asylum claims from Venezuelans who fulfill the necessary criteria in Brazil will be processed through an accelerated procedure, without the need for an interview. This move constitutes a milestone in refugee protection in the region and follows a decision in June this year by CONARE to recognize that the situation in Venezuela amounted to serious and generalized human rights violations as described under the 1984 Cartagena Declaration on Refugees.

To benefit from the new provision, Venezuelan asylum seekers must be living in Brazil, not hold any other residence permit in the country, be over 18, possess a Venezuelan identity document, and have no criminal record in Brazil.

The Brazilian authorities estimate that some 224,000 Venezuelans are currently living in the country. An average of 500 Venezuelans continue to cross into Brazil every day, mostly into the northern and isolated state of Roraima.

The Brazilian government continues to lead the humanitarian response for the most vulnerable Venezuelans arriving in the country, while also promoting innovative, open and generous ways to support their socio-economic inclusion.

To date, over 750,000 asylum claims have been filed by Venezuelans worldwide, the majority in Latin American countries and the Caribbean. Brazil has registered over 120,000 asylum seekers, according to the latest official figures. The decision announced on Thursday in Brasilia will have a positive impact on the protection of Venezuelans in the country and will also help ease the pressure on Brazil´s national asylum system.

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Human Rights Watch 19-12-06: Brazil grants asylum to 21,000 Venezuelans in a Single Day (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 190826:

UNHCR 19-08-19:

Från Venezuela/ UN Refugee Chief calls for more engagement in hosting areas of Brazil till sidans topp

UN High Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grandi concluded a four-day visit to Brazil with an urgent appeal for increased international engagement, including by financial institutions and development actors, in the communities hosting Venezuelan refugees and migrants.

"The solidarity of the people of Brazil with the Venezuelan refugees and migrants has been exemplary. But the impact on the host communities in states such as Roraima and Amazonas, has been overwhelming," said Grandi, speaking from the Brazilian capital on Sunday.

"I was told that in some border communities, 40 per cent of patients and 80 per cent of women giving birth in hospitals are from Venezuela. There has been a similar impact on education, employment, housing and social services. It is vital that efforts by the authorities at the federal, state and municipal levels, as well as by civil society, Church groups and ordinary Brazilians, are adequately supported by the international community. Local people have been at the forefront of the response to the needs of Venezuelan refugees and migrants. They must not be left alone."

There are over 180,000 Venezuelan refugees and migrants in Brazil. An average of 500 arrive daily - most in urgent need of humanitarian assistance - in the northern state of Roraima, which is geographically isolated from the rest of the country and has the lowest per capita income and few economic opportunities.

To respond to the humanitarian needs created by the influx from Venezuela, the Federal Government launched an initiative (Operacao Acolhida) coordinated by the Brazilian Armed Forces, to provide registration and documentation upon arrival, as well as emergency humanitarian assistance, including food and temporary shelter.

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Arkiveringsdatum 190620:

ECRE 19-06-14:

Från Venezuela/ Over four million refugees have fled the deepening humanitarian crisis till sidans topp

The number of refugees fleeing the worsening crisis in Venezuela has now surpassed 4 million, according to the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) and the International Organisation for Migration (IOM). Since November 2018, over 1 million people have fled the country, in part of what UNHCR has called the largest exodus of people in Latin America's recent history.

The majority of refugees fleeing Venezuela have sought safety in neighbouring Latin American countries. Colombia is host to the largest population of refugees, with some 1.3 million now living in the country, while Peru hosts the second largest population of 768,000 refugees. With limited funding and resources, these countries are struggling to provide adequate conditions for refugees. In Peru, President Vizcarra declared the government will start taking a tougher stance towards Venezuelans in the country and announced the introduction of stricter entry requirements for Venezuelans.

Others have fled to the Caribbean islands north of Venezuela, including to the Dutch colony of Curaçao , and face a dangerous journey by boat. Last week, a boat carrying refugees fleeing Venezuela sunk and 32 people are reported missing.

According to Eduardo Stein, joint UNHCR-IOM Special Representative for Venezuelan refugees and migrants, "These alarming figures highlight the urgent need to support host communities in the receiving countries. Latin American and Caribbean countries are doing their part to respond to this unprecedented crisis but they cannot be expected to continue doing it without international help."

In Europe, Venezuelans make up the second highest nationality applying for international protection, after Syrians. The European Asylum Support Agency (EASO) reports that the number of applications for asylum from Venezuelans has increased since last year.

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UNHCR 19-06-15:

Från Venezuela/ UNHCR scales up response as record number of arrive in Peru till sidans topp

UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, has sent extra teams to the border between Peru and Ecuador to support the authorities to deal with an unprecedented number of Venezuelan refugees and migrants entering Peru.

Peruvian authorities announced new visa requirements for Venezuelans starting on Saturday 15 June. On Friday, over 8,000 Venezuelans crossed the border at Tumbes, the largest number ever recorded on a single day. Of them, 4,700 lodged asylum claims in Peru, also an unprecedented number.

In total, Peru has received over 280,000 asylum applications by Venezuelan citizens and given temporary residence permits to over 390,000. The total number of Venezuelan refugees and migrants in the country is estimated at some 800,000.

"People are arriving in a more and more vulnerable situation," said Federico Agusti, UNHCR's Representative in Peru. "Some have been walking for 30 or 40 days through various countries in the region. We see people suffering from malnutrition or dehydration and people with medical problems. There are more and more families with children."

Peruvian authorities at the border are working 24 hours a day to process the arrivals. UNHCR and its partners are also working around the clock on the ground, providing humanitarian and health assistance, information and legal support to refugees and migrants on both sides of the border.

Peru's new visa requirements for Venezuelans are also having an impact on Ecuador's northern border with Colombia, through which 8,380 Venezuelans entered yesterday, according to the authorities. UNHCR and its partners are also present there providing much needed humanitarian assistance and protection and supporting the Ecuadorian government and civil society.

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Arkiveringsdatum 190610:

UNHCR 19-05-21:

Från Venezuela/ UNHCR: Majority fleeing Venezuela in need of refugee protection till sidans topp

Given the worsening political, economic, human rights and humanitarian situation in Venezuela that to date has seen 3.7 million people leave, UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, now considers that the majority of those fleeing the country are in need of international refugee protection.

In an updated guidance note issued today, UNHCR reiterates its call to States to allow Venezuelans access to their territory and provide them with proper protection and standards of treatment, highlighting the critical need for safety for people forced to flee for their lives and freedoms.

The updated guidance note aims to assist those adjudicating international protection claims by asylum-seekers from Venezuela and those responsible for setting government policy on this issue.

By the end of 2018, some 460,000 Venezuelans had formally sought asylum, the majority in neighbouring countries in Latin America. The guidance note acknowledges that the number of people leaving Venezuela poses complex challenges and that it may be impractical to undertake individual determinations of refugee status, which is why group-based recognition is recommended.

UNHCR's guidance note advises that for certain profiles of Venezuelans at risk the 1951 Refugee Convention is applicable. In any event, the majority of Venezuelans are in need of international refugee protection, based on the wider criteria of the 1984 Cartagena Declaration applied in Latin America. This is because of the threats to their lives, security or freedom resulting from circumstances that are seriously disturbing public order in Venezuela.

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Läs mer och hämta UNHCR:s riktlnjer för bedömning av skyddsbehov för venezuleaner (Extern länk)

UNHCR, IOM 19-06-07: Refugees and migrants from Venezuela top 4 million (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 190517:

Amnesty International 19-05-07:

Från Venezuela/ Regional campaign for those fleeing massive human rights violations till sidans topp

WHY ARE PEOPLE LEAVING VENEZUELA?

Venezuela is suffering an unprecedented human rights crisis that is not only affecting millions of people inside the country but which has also forced one in every ten people in Venezuela to leave their homes in the last four years. These millions of people, both inside and outside the country, have suffered and are continuing to suffer human rights violations such as the right to life, health or food, rights which are neither guaranteed nor protected by Nicolás Maduro's government.

Instead of acknowledging and addressing this deep human rights crisis, the authorities are implementing a systematic and widespread policy of repression against those people who are bravely calling for a change in government and for guaranteed access to medicines, water, education, work and other human rights.Moreover, a biased justice system is denying victims the right to truth, justice and reparations, reinforcing the lack of protection of those suffering these violations. Faced with this reality, millions are leaving to seek the protection of other states.

"If you want to find a way forward, you have to leave. Because if you want to die, you stay there," says Khristopher Castillo in Bogotá. Khristopher arrived in Bogotá on 16 March 2018. He is a 33-year-old journalist from Maracaibo, close to the border with Colombia.

He explains that the lack of medicines in Venezuela was one of the reasons that forced him to leave his home and his family behind. He also recalls seeing "whole families eating out of the garbage" for lack of food. During his last two years in Venezuela, Khristopher lost 20 kilos due to limited access to food.

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Källor: Informationen på denna sida är hämtad från följande källor (externa länkar): EU (kommissionen, ministerrådet, parlamentet och domstolen), Europarådet (mr-kommissionären, domstolen, kommittén mot tortyr), FN:s flyktingkommissariat UNHCR, FN:s kommitté mot tortyr m.fl. FN-organ, Sveriges Radio, SvT, andra svenska media via Nyhetsfilter och pressmeddelanden via Newsdesk, utländska media till exempel via Are You Syrious och Rights in Exile, internationella organisationer som Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, ECRE, Statewatch och Picum, organisationer i Sverige som Rädda Barnen, Asylrättscentrum, Svenska Amnesty, FARR och #vistårinteut samt myndigheter och politiska organ som Migrationsverket, Sveriges domstolar, JO, Justitiedepartementet m.fl. departement och Sveriges Riksdag.

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