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Arkiveringsdatum 211104:

UNHCR Oktober 2021:

Från Sydsudan/ UNHCR Position on Returns to South Sudan - Update III till sidans topp

/Utdrag:/

2. On 11 September 2018, South Sudanese parties signed the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (R-ARCSS), which stipulated "a pre-transition period of eight months leading to the formation of a new transitional government of national unity, to govern during a three-year transitional period that will culminate in elections." The pre-transitional period was extended twice, before a Revitalized Transitional Government of National Unity (R-TGoNU) was formed on 21 February 2020. Significant processes have since been initiated, including in relation to the establishment of national and state level institutions, the dissolution of the previous national assembly and agreement on its new composition, as well as the commencement of the constitution making process. Nevertheless, the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for South Sudan and Head of the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS), Nicholas Haysom, stated in June 2021 that the "overall implementation of the Revitalized Peace Agreement is progressing slowly".

3. South Sudan continues to suffer from long-term political, inter-ethnic and communal conflict, and a weak rule of law. The UN Security Council renewed the arms embargo and associated measures against South Sudan on 28 May 2021.

(...)

28. The bar on forcible return serves as a minimum standard and needs to remain in place until such time as the security, rule of law, and the human rights situation in South Sudan has significantly improved to permit the promotion of safe and dignified returns of those determined not to be in need of international protection.

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Arkiveringsdatum 190302:

ECRE 19-02-15:

Från Sydsudan/ Thousands displaced by newly erupted violence in South Sudan till sidans topp

According to the United Nations refugee agency (UNHCR), an estimate of 5,000 people have fled from South Sudan's Central Equatoria State to the neighbouring Ituri province in the north-east Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) over the past weekend, with arrivals continuing.

People have mostly arrived by foot to several border villages in a remote area of DRC with very limited infrastructure and health care facilities. Many are exhausted, hungry, dehydrated and suffering from illnesses or trauma, said a spokesperson for UNHCR on Tuesday. They are seeking shelter in churches, schools and abandoned houses or are sleeping in the open, while food is being provided by local villagers.

An additional 6,000-8,000 people are reported to be internally displaced in South Sudan on the outskirts of the town of Yei without access to food and clean water, while humanitarian access is being blocked by the conflict.

The people are fleeing the violence caused by clashes between the South Sudanese army and the National Salvation Front (NAS) rebel group, which erupted in mid-January. Witnesses describe armed men murdering and raping civilians and looting and burning down villages. Civil war in South Sudan has caused tens of thousands of civilian casualties and a total of over 4.1 million persons to be internally and externally displaced since December 2013.

In response to the arrivals, DRC authorities are encouraging people to move further inland in order to facilitate access, as the border area is difficult to reach due to the poor condition of roads and bridges. UNHCR has sent additional staff to Ituri for registration and to support possible relocation to the Biringi refugee settlement, which is located approximately 110 km south-west of the border area and already hosts over 6,000 South Sudanese refugees.

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Arkiveringsdatum 181231:

UNHCR 18-12-18:

Från Sydsudan/ U$2.7 billion two-year appeal for Africa's largest refugee crisis till sidans topp

UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, and partners are today launching an appeal for US$2.7 billion for 2019 and 2020 to address the life-saving humanitarian needs of South Sudanese refugees.

Five years on since the civil war started, over 2.2 million South Sudanese refugees have sought safety in six neighbouring countries: Uganda, Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and Central African Republic (CAR). Another 1.9 million are internally displaced inside South Sudan.

UNHCR welcomes the reduction in violence in parts of the country since the signing of a revitalized peace agreement in September. And we appeal to all parties to continue to respect and implement the agreement. UNHCR does not yet view the environment in South Sudan as being conducive for safe returns of refugees.

We also commend the continued generosity of host countries in maintaining open borders for South Sudanese refugees seeking safety, especially given the immense pressures on asylum countries. The scale of displacement means that funding has struggled to keep pace with needs. Hugely more international support and solidarity is urgently needed.

Schools are lacking teachers, classrooms, and educational materials, leaving half of South Sudan's refugee children out of school. Health clinics have insufficient doctors, nurses and medications. Low funding has led to food rations being cut in Ethiopia. In Sudan, some refugees and their host communities are having to survive on merely five litres of water per person per day, inevitably leading to tensions. Opportunities for refugees to earn a living remain limited.

A key priority for UNHCR is the promotion of social cohesion programmes for refugees and their hosts to help the two communities in living together peacefully and harmoniously. In any refugee situation, it is vital that both communities are helped.

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Källor: Informationen på denna sida är hämtad från följande källor (externa länkar): EU (kommissionen, ministerrådet, parlamentet och domstolen), Europarådet (mr-kommissionären, domstolen, kommittén mot tortyr), FN:s flyktingkommissariat UNHCR, FN:s kommitté mot tortyr m.fl. FN-organ, Sveriges Radio, SvT, andra svenska media via Nyhetsfilter och pressmeddelanden via Newsdesk, utländska media till exempel via Are You Syrious och Rights in Exile, internationella organisationer som Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, ECRE, Statewatch och Picum, organisationer i Sverige som Rädda Barnen, Asylrättscentrum, Svenska Amnesty, FARR och #vistårinteut samt myndigheter och politiska organ som Migrationsverket, Sveriges domstolar, JO, Justitiedepartementet m.fl. departement och Sveriges Riksdag.

Bevakning: Hjalte Lagercrantz och Sanna Vestin. Sammanställning: Sanna Vestin. Asylnytt är ett ideellt projekt. Sponsring avser prenumerationsavgifter. Tips emottages tacksamt.