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Arkiveringsdatum 220619:

Human Rights Watch 22-06-07:

Från Burma/ Thailand: Allow newly arrived Rohingya access to asylum till sidans topp

The Thai government should provide recently rescued Rohingya asylum seekers with assistance and immediate access to procedures to determine their refugee status, Human Rights Watch said today.

On June 4, 2022, the Thai navy found 59 Rohingya - 31 men, 23 women, and 5 children - from Myanmar stranded on Koh Dong Island near Satun province in southern Thailand. The navy took them ashore and detained them at the 436 Border Patrol Police unit. Thai officials who questioned them said these Rohingya were abandoned by smugglers, who charged them about 60,000 Thai baht (US$1,750) per person for a journey to Malaysia.

"The Thai government should end its policy of summarily locking up rescued Rohingya people and throwing away the key," said Elaine Pearson, acting Asia director at Human Rights Watch. "Thailand should permit the United Nations refugee agency to screen all Rohingya arriving in Thailand to identify and assist those seeking refugee status."

To protect Rohingya asylum seekers, it is crucial for the Thai government to permit the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) to conduct refugee status determination interviews, Human Rights Watch said.

Like its predecessors, the Thai government of Prime Minister Gen. Prayut Chan-ocha has treated Rohingya arriving at the border as "illegal immigrants," detaining them in squalid lockups. According to one Western embassy in Bangkok, Thai officials are holding more than 470 Rohingya in indefinite immigration detention with no access to refugee status determination procedures. Thai authorities have not permitted UNHCR to conduct refugee status determinations for them. Thailand also discriminates against Rohingya by refusing to allow them to register as legally documented migrant workers, unlike other people coming from Myanmar.


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Arkiveringsdatum 220607:

UNHCR 22-05-23:

Från Burma/ UNHCR shocked at Rohingya deaths in boat tragedy off Myanmar coast till sidans topp

UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, is shocked and saddened by reports that more than a dozen Rohingya - including children - have perished at sea off the coast of Myanmar over the weekend.

While details remain unclear, initial reports suggest the boat left Sittwe in Rakhine State, Myanmar on 19 May. It encountered bad weather in waters off Ayeyarwady Region, causing it to capsize near the coast of Pathein township on Saturday, 21 May.

At least 17 people are feared dead, with distressing reports of bodies found on the shore and the local communities burying the dead.

"The latest tragedy shows once again the sense of desperation being felt by Rohingya in Myanmar and in the region,'' said Indrika Ratwatte, UNHCR's Director for Asia and the Pacific. "It is shocking to see increasing numbers of children, women and men embarking on these dangerous journeys and eventually losing their lives."

In Myanmar, UNHCR is urgently seeking more information on survivors that have arrived on shore in order to assess their situation.

Over the past decade, thousands of Rohingya have left by sea from the refugee camps in Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh and Rakhine State in Myanmar.

"The root causes of these deadly journeys need to be addressed. Additionally, all countries in the region must come together to ensure the rescue and disembarkation of all those in distress at sea," UNHCR's Ratwatte added.

UNHCR reiterates its warning that collective failure to act will continue to lead to tragic and fatal consequences. It is imperative to take action against criminals, smugglers and traffickers who prey on the most vulnerable.

UNHCR and partners continue to actively engage refugee and host communities, raising awareness about the risks of falling victim to criminals responsible for these deadly journeys.


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UNHCR 22-05-25: UNHCR's Grandi urges redoubled support for Rohingya refugees, host communities in Bangladesh (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 210314:

Amnesty International 21-02-18:

Från Burma/ Malaysia: Deportation to Myanmar puts lives in danger till sidans topp

Amnesty International Malaysia is aghast at the Malaysian government's planned efforts with the Myanmar military to deport 1,200 people back to Myanmar on 23 February 2021.

Mass deportation exercises carried out with little transparency contravenes Malaysia's obligations to respect and protect the rights of migrants and refugees, and risks endangering their lives. Widespread crackdown on dissidents following the military coup in Myanmar on 1 February puts those due to be deported at further risk of human rights violations.

"The Malaysian Immigration authorities claim their 'repatriation program' does not involve refugees or asylum seekers, but how have they determined this if the UN has been prevented from accessing people in immigration detention for over one and a half years?," asked Katrina Jorene Maliamauv, Executive Director of Amnesty International Malaysia.

"The Malaysian government is recklessly imperilling the lives of over 1,000 Myanmar people by deporting them under a curtain of secrecy to a country in the middle of a coup marred by human rights violations."

The Malaysian government has not permitted the United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) to access immigration detention centres since August 2019. The international body has not been able to visit detention centres to identify asylum seekers and refugees, and facilitate their release, leaving them to languish in captivity. The arbitrary and indefinite detention of migrants, asylum seekers and refugees is in violation of international human rights law.

"The Malaysian government must ensure there is a guarantee of safety for returnees," said Katrina.


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Amnesty International 21-02-22: Rohingya stranded in Indian Ocean must be immediately rescued and disembarked to place of safety (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 201023:

Human Rights Watch 20-10-08:

Från Myanmar/ "An Open Prison without End" - mass detention of rohingya in Rakhine till sidans topp

Hamida Begum was born in Kyaukpyu, a coastal town in Myanmar's western Rakhine State, in a neighborhood where Rohingya Muslims, Kaman Muslims, and Rakhine Buddhists once lived together. Now, at age 50, she recalls the relative freedom of her childhood: "Forty years ago, there were no restrictions in my village. But after 1982, the Myanmar authorities started giving us new [identity] cards and began imposing so many restrictions."

In 1982, Myanmar's then-military government adopted a new Citizenship Law, effectively denying Rohingya citizenship and rendering them stateless. Their identity cards were collected and declared invalid, replaced by a succession of increasingly restrictive and regulated IDs.

Hamida found growing discrimination in her ward of Paik Seik, where she had begun working as an assistant for local fishermen. It was during those years a book was published in Myanmar, Fear of Extinction of the Race, cautioning the country's Buddhist majority to keep their distance from Muslims and boycott their shops. "If we are not careful," the anonymous author wrote, "it is certain that the whole country will be swallowed by the Muslim kalars," using a racist term for Muslims.

This anti-Muslim narrative would find a resurgence years later. "The earth will not swallow a race to extinction but another race will," became the motto of the Ministry of Immigration and Population. By 2012, a targeted campaign of hate and dehumanization against the Rohingya, led by Buddhist nationalists and stoked by the military, was underway across Rakhine State, laying the groundwork for the deadly violence that would erupt in June that year.


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Arkiveringsdatum 181125:

Human Rights Watch 18-11-15:

Från Burma/ Bangladesh: Halt Rohingya Repatriation Plan till sidans topp

- The Bangladesh government should follow the recommendations of senior United Nations refugee and human rights officials and immediately halt the proposed repatriation of Rohingya refugees to Myanmar, Human Rights Watch said today. The authorities have deployed the army in refugee camps ahead of carrying out a plan to repatriate a first group of 2,200 Rohingya refugees.

The first batch of 150 people from 30 families were taken to a transit camp in preparation for their return. Bangladesh's refugee relief and repatriation commissioner, Mohammad Abul Kalam, told journalists the families would be repatriated through the Ghundhum point of Bandarban district on November 15. "They are fully prepared," he said. "We have made all arrangements." Subsequent reports, however, indicated possible delays in the starting date.

"The Bangladesh government will be stunned to see how quickly international opinion turns against it if it starts sending unwilling Rohingya refugees back into harm's way in Myanmar," said Bill Frelick, refugee rights director. "That Dhaka deployed its army into the camps is a red flag that this terrified community is not willing to return."

Under pressure from China, Bangladesh and Myanmar officials met in Dhaka on October 30 and 31, the third meeting of a joint working group to carry out a bilateral repatriation agreement signed in November 2017. Following the meeting, representatives announced that they had a "very concrete plan" to begin repatriations in mid-November, with the first round to include 2,260 Rohingya from 485 families. According to Myanmar officials, the plan calls for 150 refugees to be received each day, starting on November 15, at the Nga Khu Ya reception center before being transferred to the Hla Poe Kaung transit camp.


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TT-AFP / UNT 18-11-15: Skräckslagna rohingyer vägrar återvända (Extern länk)

SvT Utrikes 18-11-18: Myanmar - landet där Facebook bidrog till folkmord: "Blev ett vapen" (Extern länk)

Sveriges Radio Utrikes 18-11-19: Rohingyska flyktingar blir kvar i Bangladesh (Extern länk)

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Källor: Informationen på denna sida är hämtad från följande källor (externa länkar): EU (kommissionen, ministerrådet, parlamentet och domstolen), Europarådet (mr-kommissionären, domstolen, kommittén mot tortyr), FN:s flyktingkommissariat UNHCR, FN:s kommitté mot tortyr m.fl. FN-organ, Sveriges Radio, SvT, andra svenska media via Nyhetsfilter och pressmeddelanden via Newsdesk, utländska media till exempel via Are You Syrious och Rights in Exile, internationella organisationer som Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, ECRE, Statewatch och Picum, organisationer i Sverige som Rädda Barnen, Asylrättscentrum, Svenska Amnesty, FARR och #vistårinteut samt myndigheter och politiska organ som Migrationsverket, Sveriges domstolar, JO, Justitiedepartementet m.fl. departement och Sveriges Riksdag.

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