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Arkiveringsdatum 211006:

ECRE 21-10-06:

AIDA Report: Dublin III Implementation in 2020 till sidans topp

The latest statistical report by AIDA, managed by ECRE, provides an update on developments in legislation, policy and practice relating to the application of the Dublin III Regulation in 2020.

On 23 September 2020, the European Commission tabled its proposal for a Regulation on Asylum and Migration Management (RAMM) which aims to replace the Dublin III Regulation. Although it does introduce new corrective solidarity mechanisms, the proposal fails to fundamentally change the system and preserves the same responsibility allocation principles. These rules have been a significant source of conflict among Member States since the establishment of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS). One year later, progress in the negotiations is limited. The latest Council document leaked by Statewatch confirms persisting disagreements of Member States on the RAMM, while the impact assessment published by the European Parliament demonstrates that the proposal reproduces the inadequate understanding of solidarity by the Member States.

In the meantime, the Dublin III Regulation remains the applicable legal framework for determining which Member State is responsible for an application for international protection. ECRE's report demonstrates that the low number of transfers, the disregard for the family provisions, and other implementation gaps documented in 2020 continue to call into question the operability of the current Dublin system - and of any new system based on the same principles.

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Arkiveringsdatum 210314:

ECRE 21-03-02:

The management regulation: giving with one hand, taking back with the other till sidans topp

This Policy Note offers ECRE's assessment and recommendations in relation to the Regulation on asylum and migration management (RAMM)

In September 2020, the European Commission (the Commission) presented a New Pact on Migration and Asylum (the Pact). It aims to develop a comprehensive approach to external borders, asylum and return, the Schengen area of free movement and external policies. The Pact was presented along with a set of legislative proposals, including the Regulation on asylum and migration management (RAMM). The RAMM is the central proposal in the Pact and aims to provide a common framework to relaunch the Common European Asylum System (CEAS) and promote mutual trust between Member States.

There are also implications for relations with third countries: ECRE considers it unfortunate that the most important proposal on asylum in Europe starts with a section on responsibilities of non-EU countries. Unfortunately, the RAMM tries to do too many things, whilst still leaving unchecked many of the underlying problems it inherits; it provides a series of measures to compensate for other failures, with the Commission as arbiter. Despite being a Regulation, the RAMM also leaves a wide margin of discretion for Member States (and the Commission) concerning implementation, so its impact is difficult to predict. It could be implemented in a way that improves respect for fundamental rights or in a way that considerably reduces protection space in Europe. Given some Member States' current practices, there are clear dangers of new or continued violations of EU and international law.

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Se även:

ECRE 21-03-02: ECRE Policy Note: Alleviating or Exacerbating Crises? The Regulation on Crisis and Force Majeure (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 201207:

EU-parlamentet 20-12-01:

MEPs call for more solidarity among EU member states till sidans topp

Current rules do not ensure fair distribution of responsibility among member states

Frontline countries bear a disproportionate burden in terms of registration and reception of asylum-seekers

In the absence of a reform, more resources must be channelled to frontline member states

The Dublin Regulation does not share responsibility fairly among member states nor secure swift access to asylum procedures, say Civil Liberties Committee MEPs.

In a draft resolution to assess the functioning of the law that determines the member state which has to deal with an asylum application, the committee notes that the 2013 Dublin III Regulation puts a "disproportionate responsibility on a minority of member states, in particular when high numbers of arrivals occur". MEPs call for a solidarity-based mechanism to ensure the fundamental right to asylum in the EU and the equal distribution of responsibility among member states.

The inappropriate application of the hierarchy of criteria - in particular the excessive use of the first country of entry criterion - and the ineffective implementation of transfers increase pressure on certain countries, namely Greece, Italy, Malta, Cyprus, and Spain, according to the committee, which asks for fairer rules.

MEPs regret that Council, contrary to Parliament, did not adopt a position on the 2016 proposal to reform the Dublin Regulation, thereby blocking that reform and leaving the Union with the "same set of rules which have proven to be ineffective" in managing high numbers of arrivals. They insist that ad hoc agreements on relocation cannot replace a harmonized and sustainable Common European and Asylum System and demand more resources and capabilities for frontline member states as long as the Dublin rules are not reformed.

The non-legislative text was approved with 45 votes to 10 and 13 abstentions. It will be put to the vote by the full House during the next plenary session.

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Arkiveringsdatum 200913:

ECRE 20-08-28:

Dublin III Regulation in 2019 and During COVID-19: Different figures, Same Conclusions till sidans topp

ECRE's report on the implementation of the Dublin III Regulation in 2019 and the first half of 2020 demonstrates that the European Union's rules on allocation of responsibility are not functioning in practice, resulting in unnecessary, lengthy, and costly procedures both for asylum authorities and applicants for international protection who are left in a prolonged state of limbo, face reduced standards and at are risk of human rights violations.

Based on current practices, case-law and up-to-date statistics from 29 European countries, this report provides an overview of developments relating to the application of the Dublin III Regulation. It indicates that nearly one in three asylum seekers is subject to a Dublin procedure in countries which have received a significant number of applicants in 2019 such as Germany, France, Belgium, the Netherlands or Switzerland. Yet, the number of persons being actually transferred remains low. More than half the countries covered in the report have a transfer rate below 30%. In Belgium, less than one in ten people channelled into the Dublin procedure is transferred to another European country in practice. Reasons for that are various, such as administrative hurdles and delays; practical obstacles resulting from health and security risks; and the incorrect application of the Dublin criteria. Many Member States continue to trigger requests on the ground of irregular entry and issue 'take back' requests to countries with low or insufficient reception capacity and an asylum system that is under pressure, ultimately making the transfer impossible. At the same time, the number of cases in which countries become responsible by default due to non-compliance with the transfer deadline of 6 months has continued to increase significantly; reaching at least 14,000 cases in 2019 - far more than the 2,000 cases registered in 2015.

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Källor: Informationen på denna sida är hämtad från följande källor (externa länkar): EU (kommissionen, ministerrådet, parlamentet och domstolen), Europarådet (mr-kommissionären, domstolen, kommittén mot tortyr), FN:s flyktingkommissariat UNHCR, FN:s kommitté mot tortyr m.fl. FN-organ, Sveriges Radio, SvT, andra svenska media via Nyhetsfilter och pressmeddelanden via Newsdesk, utländska media till exempel via Are You Syrious och Rights in Exile, internationella organisationer som Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, ECRE, Statewatch och Picum, organisationer i Sverige som Rädda Barnen, Asylrättscentrum, Svenska Amnesty, FARR och #vistårinteut samt myndigheter och politiska organ som Migrationsverket, Sveriges domstolar, JO, Justitiedepartementet m.fl. departement och Sveriges Riksdag.

Bevakning: Hjalte Lagercrantz och Sanna Vestin. Sammanställning: Sanna Vestin. Asylnytt är ett ideellt projekt. Sponsring avser prenumerationsavgifter. Tips emottages tacksamt.