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ARKIV:

Nya regler och lagförslag

Flyktinggrupper, landpraxis

Gränser: passage och hinder

Mottagande av asylsökande

Asylutredning och procedur

Skäl för och emot tillstånd

Tvång, hot och deportationer

Papperslösa, gömda, utvisade

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EU:s flykting- och gränspolitik

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Kultur, personer, diverse

Flyktinggruppernas Riksråd, FARR

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Asylnytt - Arkiv

EU:s flykting- och gränspolitik

Asylvisum, humanitära visum och kvotuttagning

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Arkiveringsdatum 210921:

EU-parlamentet 21-09-16:

Parlamentet vill se viseringsprogram för afghanska kvinnor som söker skydd till sidans topp

Europaparlamentet beklagar djupt talibanernas våldsamma maktövertagande i Afghanistan och efterfrågar mer humanitärt bistånd samt samordnade insatser för att skydda de mest sårbara.

Europaparlamentet är bestört över rapporterade kränkningar i Afghanistan, inbegripet avrättningar av civilpersoner och medlemmar av landets nationella säkerhetsstyrkor, rekrytering av barnsoldater, undertryckande av fredliga protester och uttryck för avvikande åsikter samt människorättsinskränkningar, särskilt inriktade på kvinnor och flickor. I en resolution som antogs på torsdagen uppmanar ledamöterna EU och dess medlemsländer att arbeta tillsammans för att underlätta fler evakueringar av EU-medborgare och riskutsatta afghaner, särskilt genom användning av säkra korridorer. Texten godkändes med 536 ja-röster, 96 nej-röster och 50 nedlagda röster.

Hjälp till Afghanistans grannländer och de som söker skydd från talibanregimen

Parlamentsledamöterna betonar att den största andelen afghanska flyktingar i första hand kommer att söka skydd i grannländerna. EU bör därför planera att tillhandahålla ytterligare stöd till Afghanistans flyktingmottagande grannländer och bistå med humanitära korridorer för tillhandahållande av livsmedelsbistånd, vatten, sanitet och läkemedel. Detta är dock inte ett alternativ till en fullfjädrad europeisk asyl- och migrationspolitik, konstaterar resolutionen. En sådan politik måste fokusera på vidarebosättning för de mest riskutsatta och sårbara samt inkludera ett särskilt viseringsprogram för afghanska kvinnor som söker skydd undan talibanregimen.

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Arkiveringsdatum 200523:

EU-parlamentet 20-04-30:

Asylum and Migration Pact: MEPs push for legal and safe avenues till sidans topp

+ Legal paths to reduce irregular migration and fill labour market gaps

+ Explore sectoral labour migration, ease access to residence and reunification rights

+ All EU member states to benefit from a European approach to labour migration

The New Pact on Asylum and Migration that the Commission is set to present soon is an "opportunity to give fresh and much-needed impetus to legal and safe migration".

In a letter to Commission Vice-President Margaritis Schinas and Commissioner Ylva Johansson sent by Juan Fernando López Aguilar (S&D, ES), Chair of the Civil Liberties Committee, on behalf of the committee, MEPs call for a balanced approach covering all pillars of the EU policy on asylum and migration, also addressing safe and legal migration.

They insist that the Common European Asylum System needs to be complemented by a European Union Resettlement Framework and humanitarian corridors, but stress that safe and legal migration is much broader. Providing legal and safe routes for labour-related migration is key to reducing irregular migration as well as the risks undertaken by persons trying to reach Europe, MEPs underline.

Offering third-country nationals wishing to work in the European Union a lawful path to do so could complement partnerships with third countries already in place and help fill gaps in the labour market, whilst ensuring third-country nationals who are filling these gaps are treated equally and not exploited, the letter notes.

Ambitious framework for legal migration needed

MEPs complain that, despite legal migration being one of the priorities of the European Agenda for Migration announced in 2015, the only legislative proposal in this field in the last legislature was a revision of the Blue Card Directive, a proposal that has been blocked by the Council since the end of 2017.

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Arkiveringsdatum 200107:

EU-kommissionen 19-12-18:

Resettlement: EU Member States' pledges exceed 30,000 places for 2020 till sidans topp

The European Commission announced financial support for Member States that collectively pledged more than 30,000 resettlement places for 2020 at the first Global Refugee Forum in Geneva.

Vice-President for Promoting our European Way of Life Margaritis Schinas said: "Resettlement is a European success story and must remain so. The European Union's Member States are making the largest collective pledge of resettlement places they have ever done. This makes the EU the biggest contributor to resettlement efforts worldwide - though we would hope more would follow suit and increase their pledges to match the growing needs. When we cooperate and work together, we can create durable, effective and safe systems to offer protection to the world's most vulnerable."

Commissioner for Home Affairs Ylva Johansson said: "Resettlement is a key tool in ensuring that people in need of protection do not put their lives at risk and reach the EU via safe and legal pathways. It is a key component of the comprehensive approach to migration we need to continue developing, including strong partnerships with third countries. Member States' ambitious pledges must continue and the EU will provide the necessary support. We cannot allow any gaps in this respect. The Commission intends to put forward a recommendation to pull together Member States' efforts and hence make the EU voice even stronger on the global scene."

The European Commission was represented at a high-level at the Global Refugee Forum in Geneva. On 16 December, Commissioner for Neighbourhood and Enlargement, Olivér Várhelyi, participated in the spotlight session panel on 'The Syrian refugee crisis - Delivering in partnership'. Today, Commissioner for International Partnerships, Jutta Urpilainen, will deliver a keynote speech at the closing plenary session, and Commissioner for Crisis Management, Janez Lenar?i?, will participate in the high-level panel on education.

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Arkiveringsdatum 190209:

FRA 19-01-21:

Recurring migrant deaths at sea, a grim reminder of need for solutions, says FRA till sidans topp

The EU Agency for Fundamental Rights is extremely sad to learn of the reports of 170 migrants feared dead following two shipwrecks in the Mediterranean Sea over the weekend.

These deaths are on top of the nearly 2,300 people estimated to have died or gone missing at sea trying to reach Europe last year.

"While smugglers line their pockets, too many migrants are paying the ultimate price as they try to escape war, flee persecution or simply pursue a dream," said FRA Director Michael O'Flaherty. "This appalling loss of life cannot be allowed to continue. We urgently need solutions so migrants are not forced to risk their lives at sea to reach Europe."

Some 53 people who left Morocco died following a collision in the Mediterranean. A further 117 died when their rubber dinghy sank near Libya.

One survivor was apparently rescued by a passing fishing boat after over 24 hours at sea and is receiving medical treatment in Morocco. The Italian Navy picked up three survivors from the other shipwreck and took them to Lampedusa where they are being treated.

In October last year, FRA drew attention to the recent trend of criminalising search and rescue in the Mediterranean Sea carried out by NGOs or others. This prevents most NGOs from operating at sea for fear of the consequences - arrest, prosecution, or their vessels seized.

An earlier FRA report from 2013 underlined the many perils migrants face at sea. Many of the issues and suggestions covered remain just as valid today. These include the need for provide clarity on where to safely disembark intercepted or rescued migrants and refugees.

As FRA, and others, have repeatedly said, safe and legal pathways to asylum in Europe would greatly reduce the desperate need for migrants to resort to unscrupulous smugglers to get to Europe. It would also save lives.

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Statewatch 19-01-22:

Common European Asylum System: Qualifications & Resettlement Regulations latest till sidans topp

+ Qualifications: Proposal for a Regulation on standards for the qualification of third-country nationals or stateless persons as beneficiaries of international protection, for a uniform status for refugees or for persons eligible for subsidiary protection and for the content of the protection granted and amending Council Directive 2003/109/EC of 25 November 2003 concerning the status of third-country nationals who are long-term residents (First reading) - State of play and guidance for further work (LIMITE doc no 5456-19)

"These limited changes received wide support at the meeting of JHA Counsellors on 16 July 2018 and were also presented to the European Parliament both at technical and political level. At the meetings on 17 July and 26 September 2018, the Parliament informed the Presidency that, in principle, in view of the provisional agreement reached in the June trilogue meeting, it stands by the agreement reached therein and does not intend to continue the negotiations for the time being. (...)

Against this background, and with a view to possible upcoming discussions with the European Parliament, COREPER is invited to confirm whether it can support the changes set out in the Annex to this note, merely in order to continue discussions with the European Parliament."

+ Resettlement: Proposal for a Regulation establishing a Union Resettlement Framework and amending Regulation (EU) No 516/2014 of the European Parliament and the Council (First reading) - State of play and guidance for further work (LIMITE doc no 5164):

"In the context of ongoing negotiations with the European Parliament on some outstanding technical and drafting issues, the Presidency has the intention to address also the issues set out in the Annex.(...)

Against this background, and with a view to possible upcoming discussions with the European Parliament, COREPER is invited to confirm whether it can support the changes set out in this note."

Artikeln med länkar till de läckta ändringsförslagen (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 181218:

EU-parlamentet 18-12-11:

Humanitära visum för att minska dödsantalen och bättre hantera flyktingströmmar till sidans topp

EU-länderna bör kunna utfärda humanitära visum vid sina ambassader och konsulat så att människor som söker skydd kan komma till Europa utan att riskera sina liv på vägen.

EU bör ta fram en lag som inrättar ett särskilt europeiskt humanitärt visum som ger rätt att resa in i EU, men bara till det land som utfärdat visumet, för att där kunna ansöka om internationellt skydd. På tisdagen uppmanade Europaparlamentets ledamöter därför EU-kommissionen att senast den 31 mars 2019 lägga fram ett sådant lagförslag.

Parlamentet antog detta så kallade lagstiftningsinitiativ med 429 ja-röster mot 194 nej-röster och 41 nedlagda röster.

Ledamöterna betonar att EU fortfarande saknar ett harmoniserat system för personer som vill resa till EU för att söka skydd. Detta trots många meddelanden och krav på att asylsökande ska kunna resa säkert och lagligt in i unionen. Som en följd av denna brist har uppskattningsvis 90 procent av dem som beviljats internationellt skydd rest till unionen på irreguljära sätt, skriver ledamöterna.

Minska antalet döda, bekämpa smuggling och använd migrationspengarna bättre

Parlamentet tror att humanitära visum skulle bidra till att få bukt med de oacceptabla dödstalen på Medelhavet och på migrationsvägarna till EU (minst 30 000 personer har dött vid EU:s gränser sedan år 2000) och samtidigt bekämpa människosmuggling och bättre hantera ankomster, mottaganden och handläggningen av asylansökningar.

Visumet skulle också bidra till att optimera EU-ländernas och EU:s budget för asylförfaranden, gränskontroller och sök- och räddningsinsatser, skriver ledamöterna.

De betonar att beslutet att utfärda europeiska humanitära visum helt och hållet ska fattas av de enskilda EU-länderna.

Säkerhetskontroll innan visumen utfärdas

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EU-parlamentet 18-12-03: Humanitarian visas would reduce refugees' death toll (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 181125:

EU-parlamentet 18-10-22:

Humanitarian visas - European added value assessment for the EP report till sidans topp

European added value assessment accompanying the European Parliament's legislative own-initiative report (Rapporteur: Juan Fernando López Aguilar) - Study

The European Parliament legislative own-initiative reports drawn up on the basis of Article 225 of the Treaty on the Functioning on the European Union (TFEU) are accompanied by a European Added Value Assessment (EAVA). These assessments are aimed at evaluating the potential impacts and investigating the potential EU added value of proposals made in legislative own-initiative reports.

This particular EAVA accompanies the legislative own-initiative report prepared by the Parliament's Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE) (Rapporteur: Juan Fernando López Aguilar (S&D, Spain)), presenting recommendations to the Commission on EU legislation on Humanitarian visas (2017/2270(INL)).

Firstly, it assesses the impacts of the status quo, in which 90 % of those granted international protection reach the European Union through irregular means. It argues that the EU and its Member States' failure to offer regular entry pathways to those seeking international protection undermines the achievement of their Treaty and fundamental rights obligations. This situation also has severe individual impacts in terms of mortality and damage to health, negative budgetary and economic impacts.

Secondly, it assesses the potential added value of three shortlisted policy options for EU action in the area of humanitarian visas: a 'visa waiver' approach, limited territorial visas for asylum seeking purposes and, EU-wide international protection application travel permits.

Finally, it concludes that EU legislation on humanitarian visas could close this effectiveness and fundamental rights protection gap by offering safe entry pathways, reducing irregular migration and result in increased management, coordination and efficiency in the asylum process, as well as promoting fair cost-sharing.

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Arkiveringsdatum 181108:

ECRE 18-10-19:

European parliament committee calls for the establishment of EU humanitarian visa till sidans topp

The European Parliament's Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs Committee (LIBE) has decided to ask the European Commission to table a legislative proposal on an EU-wide humanitarian visa programme that would allow people seeking international protection to enter EU territory.

The initiative proposes the possibility to directly apply for humanitarian visas at embassies and consulates abroad, for the sole purpose of submitting an application for international protection. Such an application would lead to a first assessment of a well-founded need for international protection, which should not substitute full status determination proceedings. Applicants would also have to go through an initial security screening to ensure they will not pose security risks to EU Member States.

The current Visa Code includes the provision of a visa with limited territorial validity, on the basis of humanitarian grounds or the Member States' international obligations. Although the provision does include humanitarian considerations, it remains generally worded and does not specifically mention situations where need for international protection arises. The committee's proposal, however, could aim for the inclusion of concrete provisions for persons seeking international protection, ensuring an adequate need assessment framework and relevant safeguards.

Similar comments on the need for less vague visa provisions have been made by the same committee in the past, in the context of a recast Visa Code Regulation proposal, which has since been withdrawn. Moreover, last year the Court of Justice of the European Union decided to leave the responsibility for granting humanitarian visas with Member States. A case of refusal of humanitarian visa for the purpose of applying for international protection is currently pending before the European Court of Human Rights.

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Europarådet 18-10-23:

Commission publishes new feasibility Study on sponsorship schemes till sidans topp

The European Commission has published the new "Feasibility study on sponsorship schemes as a possible pathway to safe channels for admission to the EU". Finalised in October 2018, its outcomes confirm that private sponsorship schemes can efficiently contribute to meeting the goal of promoting safe and legal channels of admission to the EU of those in need of international protection.

The Commission will therefore consider ways in which Member States could be best supported in establishing such schemes.

Final report - Study

This study assessed the feasibility and added value of sponsorship schemes as a possible pathway to channels for admission of persons in need of protection in the EU. It finds that while the concept of private sponsorship is rather ill-defined, the number of different sponsorship schemes has proliferated across the EU and have a wide variety of characteristics in the eligibility criteria of the sponsor and beneficiary, responsibilities of the sponsor, and in the status granted and associated rights. The study assessed possible options for EU action in the area, by continuing with the status quo, providing for specific soft measures (training, toolkits, peer reviews), financing of sponsorship activities, and legislative action. The study finds that soft measures and financing are most feasible and have highest added value, whereas legislative action carries certain risks and is considered less feasible.

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Källor: Informationen på denna sida är hämtad från följande källor (externa länkar): EU (kommissionen, ministerrådet, parlamentet och domstolen), Europarådet (mr-kommissionären, domstolen, kommittén mot tortyr), FN:s flyktingkommissariat UNHCR, FN:s kommitté mot tortyr m.fl. FN-organ, Sveriges Radio, SvT, andra svenska media via Nyhetsfilter och pressmeddelanden via Newsdesk, utländska media till exempel via Are You Syrious och Rights in Exile, internationella organisationer som Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, ECRE, Statewatch och Picum, organisationer i Sverige som Rädda Barnen, Asylrättscentrum, Svenska Amnesty, FARR och #vistårinteut samt myndigheter och politiska organ som Migrationsverket, Sveriges domstolar, JO, Justitiedepartementet m.fl. departement och Sveriges Riksdag.

Bevakning: Hjalte Lagercrantz och Sanna Vestin. Sammanställning: Sanna Vestin. Asylnytt är ett ideellt projekt. Sponsring avser prenumerationsavgifter. Tips emottages tacksamt.