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Arkiveringsdatum 210808:

Statewatch News 21-07-19:

"European border control degrades migrants by ruining their life expectations" till sidans topp

An interview with Julien Jeandesboz, expert on border control, about the nature of "zoopolitics", changes to the Eurodac biometric database, the development of the European Travel Information and Authorisation System, and vaccination passports.

Data and artificial intelligence are shaping the future of humanity in ways that the society cannot yet understand . All over the world there are academics, international agencies, banks, research centres and states that have acknowledged the wonders and risks of digitalised and data-based economies, but the downsides of dependence on data storage systems remains a major concern, especially when it comes to migrants' rights. These rapid changes often go unnoticed due to the wide range of regulations and political trends involved in the evolution to digital societies, which nowadays also includes vaccination passports in the new EU post-pandemic travel regime.

One of the most quoted experts on border control and surveillance mechanisms is Julien Jeandesboz, who is currently working at the Université Libre de Bruxelles. In this interview, Jeandesboz talks about the nature of territoriality and the dark side of detention centres, the blurred responsibility to migrants and refugees in the European Union (EU) and the transformation of the Eurodac database from a system for storing data on asylum seekers to an immigration enforcement mechanism. He also discusses how a new regulation in the making will be used to profile visa applicants by applying "information proxies" that could deny someone's ability to reach into European soil.

Jeandesboz strives to understand and explain the complexities of such mechanisms, but his main objective is nevertheless simple: how can we pull these systems' plugs if they are proven to be erroneous, harmful, and inhuman? The expert makes the following analogy: the development of these surveillance mechanisms is comparable to the stockpiling of nuclear weapons by the USA and USSR in the midst of the Cold War.

Is it the state that makes the border or the border that makes the state?

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Arkiveringsdatum 201218:

Foreign Policy 20-12-17:

Refugees can't live in limbo forever till sidans topp

Shelly Culbertson

Governments and aid organizations think of displaced populations as temporary. But it is time to face reality.

As of this year, a full 1 percent of humanity (80 million people) is living in displacement-as refugees, internally displaced persons, or asylum-seekers-because of conflict or persecution. To put the number in context, it is similar to the population of Germany (about 83 million) and greater than the population of the United Kingdom (about 67 million). Forced displacement has doubled in the past decade, and it is likely to rise still faster in the coming years as people are pushed to leave their homes because of climate change or natural disasters; a midrange, widely cited estimate of climate migration is 200 million migrants by 2050.

The world's existing strategies for managing the displaced are no longer sufficient, but the next U.S. administration has an opportunity to lead the world in creating a new way forward.

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Arkiveringsdatum 201207:

Transnational Figurations of Displacement 20-12-03:

Migrant or Asylum Seeker: Is the distinction still relevant? till sidans topp

A view on the "Rapid Screening" phase of the New EU Pact on Migration and Asylum

By Shamin Asghari

A young Afghan man was born and raised in Iran. He does not have an official resident permit, even though his parents have been living in Iran for the past 30 years. He has a paper which prevents his deportation, although it is not clear for how long the paper is valid, or what is the eventual legal status of those who have this paper. What is clear is that paper holders are recognized as Afghan by the Iranian government. It will not give him full access to rights and services; he does not have fair and secure access to the labor market; his children will only have limited access to education if the regulations do not change in the future. In sum, he is living in a limbo: he cannot make any plans for his future; his life is entangled with deprivation, poverty, vulnerability and risk, even if such risks are not "immediate risks of persecution". He starts a dangerous uncertain journey towards Europe in hope of protection.

Each year, a large number of people move around the globe, pursuing different goals. Some of these international migrants have the privilege of moving through regular ways but many do not. While categorization of international migrants is helpful for policy and legal purposes, current categories, including asylum seeker and irregular migrant, are not empirically accurate, nor can they serve the people who are on the move. Nonetheless, states still insist on adhering to these concepts.

(...)

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Källor: Informationen på denna sida är hämtad från följande källor (externa länkar): EU (kommissionen, ministerrådet, parlamentet och domstolen), Europarådet (mr-kommissionären, domstolen, kommittén mot tortyr), FN:s flyktingkommissariat UNHCR, FN:s kommitté mot tortyr m.fl. FN-organ, Sveriges Radio, SvT, andra svenska media via Nyhetsfilter och pressmeddelanden via Newsdesk, utländska media till exempel via Are You Syrious och Rights in Exile, internationella organisationer som Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, ECRE, Statewatch och Picum, organisationer i Sverige som Rädda Barnen, Asylrättscentrum, Svenska Amnesty, FARR och #vistårinteut samt myndigheter och politiska organ som Migrationsverket, Sveriges domstolar, JO, Justitiedepartementet m.fl. departement och Sveriges Riksdag.

Bevakning: Hjalte Lagercrantz och Sanna Vestin. Sammanställning: Sanna Vestin. Asylnytt är ett ideellt projekt. Sponsring avser prenumerationsavgifter. Tips emottages tacksamt.