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Arkivet har startat om och saknar material från perioden 180119 - 180513

Arkiveringsdatum 190620:

Refugees International 19-05-21:

USA/ Abused, blamed, and refused: Protection denied to women and children trafficked till sidans topp

The current U.S. administration asserts that its border policies are designed to protect women and children from traffickers. However, its actions tell a very different story. Over the course of the last two years, the administration has failed to protect trafficking victims, as reflected in a dramatic increase in denials of visas for them, resulting from a new and highly restrictive interpretation of requirements under the Trafficking Victims Protection Act. A review of all published appeals of applications for visas for victims of trafficking since 2017 shows that the administration's decision-making has been particularly dismissive of claims by women and children who have been trafficked over the southwestern border, and has effectively blamed them for their own victimization. Recently implemented policies also scare survivors from coming forward to report abuse and even push them into the hands of traffickers.

In 2000, Congress passed the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA), which created T visas for victims of severe labor or sex trafficking. Beyond proving that they have been forcibly transported for commercial sex or involuntary servitude, T visa applicants also must comply with reasonable requests to assist law enforcement in investigating and prosecuting their traffickers. In addition, they must prove they are physically present in the United States on account of trafficking, and that they would face "extreme hardship involving unusual and severe harm" if removed from the United States. T visas allow victims of trafficking who are in the United States without authorization to legalize their status and petition for the legal entry of certain family members. They also provide access to work permits and federally funded health and other benefits. Congress capped the number of T visas at 5,000 per year, but never more than one-third of that total have been provided in any given year.

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Arkiveringsdatum 181125:

IOM 18-11-09:

Afrika/ IOM Trends Analysis: Most Horn of Africa migrants move within region till sidans topp

Nearly 400,000 migrant movements were recorded in Djibouti, Ethiopia and Somalia during the first six months of 2018 - an average of 2,000 or more individuals per day.

It is an active migration zone, characterized by what is considered "mixed" migration - or the movement of different population groups for a variety of reasons.

A slim majority (51%) of these individuals are moving from, but also within, the Horn of Africa, followed by about 36 per cent whose movements are towards the Gulf Cooperation Council countries on the eastern route - through Djibouti, Somaliland and Puntland.

Smaller movements are being tracked along the Southern Route (to South Africa) and the Northern Route (to Egypt and Israel), about 8 and 5 per cent, respectively.

IOM also recorded over 50,000 arrivals in Yemen during the first half of 2018, which is consistent with the 90,000-100,000 rates of arrivals from Africa annually to Yemen during recent years.

These are a few of the findings detailed in a new report, entitled A Region on the Move, that provides mid-year trend analyses of the main events and key population mobility patterns across the East and Horn of Africa (EHoA) region. The report provides evidence-based insights into major displacement crises and migration trends observed during the first six months of 2018.

Among the major highlights:

+ Some 970,000 Ethiopians were forced to flee their homes between April and June (2018) following inter-communal conflict in the areas between the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples' Region (SNNPR) and the Oromia Region;

+ Somalia continues to be affected by protracted and new displacements, with an estimated 2.6 million internally displaced persons as of May 2018;

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Arkiveringsdatum 171027:

Picum 17-10-16:

Europa/ "I worked 15-hour days, 7 days a week" till sidans topp

- Why caring about domestic and care workers is vital for us all

Domestic and care work are key sectors of labour markets across Europe but among the least recognised, whether childcare, cleaning or caring for the elderly. Domestic workers, particularly those who are undocumented migrants, often carry out these vital jobs without proper pay, holidays or any possibility to report exploitation and abuse. Their status leaves them unable to access the same rights as other workers and leaves them at greater risk of exploitation, violence and abuse.

Figures from across Europe show the prevalence of migrants, largely women, in the domestic work and care work sectors, and their particular vulnerability to exploitation. In Ireland, for example, a survey of 500 undocumented migrant workers revealed that 30% of them were employed in private homes as domestic workers, the majority caring for elderly people*. In a survey of 400 female migrants carrying out domestic work in the Czech Republic, 53% said they did not have any employment contract**.

Describing her experience as a domestic worker in the Czech Republic, Natalia said: "My ex-employers thought hiring a Ukrainian woman means that I would sweat my guts out. I wasn't allowed to take any time off, they did not comply with the employment agreement. When I wanted to complain they answered that I as a Ukrainian should be happy to live in 'civilisation'. If I lost the job I would be in big trouble. I would at least have to find another one quickly. If I didn't find it I would lose my residence permit."

With an ageing population and ever busier lives, Europeans are set to rely more on domestic and care workers in the years to come. Meeting the current and increasing demand will create an estimated 2.8 million jobs for personal care workers by 2025***. It is therefore high time the EU and member states agreed some rules and regulations to ensure that we do not meet our care needs through the exploitation of migrant workers.

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Arkiveringsdatum 170530:

Europarådet 17-05-19:

Europa/ 47 European States agreed on an Action Plan on how to protect children till sidans topp

On 19 May 2017 in Nicosia, Cyprus, during the 127th Session of the Committee of Ministers, 47 European states adopted an Action Plan on protecting refugee and migrant children (2017-2019).

"Today, the Council of Europe has agreed on concrete action on protecting refugee and migrant children fleeing war, violence and persecution. We must prevent children from falling victims to violence, abuse, exploitation and trafficking, this is a moral imperative" said Council of Europe Secretary General Thorbjørn Jagland.

Coordinated by the Special Representative of the Secretary General on Migration and Refugees, Ambassador Tomá? Bo?ek, the Council of Europe-wide Action Plan aims at addressing the main concerns identified in the Special Representative's Thematic Report on migrant and refugee children.

The Action Plan proposes concrete support to member states at all stages of the migration process, with a special focus on unaccompanied children, and has three main pillars:

+ ensuring access to rights and child-friendly procedures;

+ providing effective protection;

+ enhancing the integration of children who would remain in Europe.

The measures to be taken in protecting the refugee and migrant children include: new guidelines regarding age assessment and guardianship, alternatives to detention and a handbook on promoting child-friendly information and training on child-friendly procedures.

Different sectors of the Council of Europe will contribute to the implementation of the Action Plan, including those dealing with children's rights, education, sports, youth participation and the media. The Action Plan takes into account complementarity and co-operation with the European Union and other key partners.

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Arkiveringsdatum 170504:

IOM 17-04-28:

Libyen/ IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix: 381,463 Migrants in Libya till sidans topp

IOM, the UN Migration Agency has found that the trip to Libya is reportedly costing more for a larger proportion of migrants from Sudan and Nigeria. In 2016, 60 percent of Nigerian respondents and 41 percent of Sudanese respondents reported paying between USD 1,000 and 5,000 for their journey to Libya.

This increased to 71 percent of Nigerian respondents and 64 percent of Sudanese respondents in the first few months of 2017. This data was collected through Flow Monitoring surveys conducted among 1,314 migrants.

This data is included in the Round 8 DTM Migration information package, which presents data collected between December 2016 and March 2017. It highlights that 381,463 migrants were found to be present in Libya during that period.

The package provides a holistic overview of resident and mobile migrants in Libya. It presents data on migrants' demographic characteristics, journeys, intentions, relations with the host community, documentation status, educational and vocational backgrounds. The data builds on Libya 2016 Migration Profiles and Trends, which was published in March.

The information package provides detailed information on where 381,463 migrants from 38 different nationalities are in Libya. It also includes a dataset, which for the first time, provides a quantification of migrants by nationality in each location. The regions of Misrata (66,660 individuals), Tripoli (53,755 individuals), and Sebha (44,750 individuals) are reported as hosting the largest number of migrants, while the main nationalities were recorded as Egyptian, Nigerien, and Chadian.

Relations were found to be poor between migrants and the host community with multiple incidents of tension in 17 percent of Libya's municipalities. However, in 33 percent of the municipalities, migrants were reported to have a positive impact on the local labour market, contributing to a stronger economy and more jobs.

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Arkiveringsdatum 170410:

ECRE 17-03-30:

Grekland/ Victory for strawberry pickers, trafficked into forced labour and shot till sidans topp

Following today's victory in the European Court of Human Rights by a group of Bangladeshi strawberry pickers shot by employers for demanding unpaid wages, Amnesty International's Deputy Europe Director Gauri van Gulik said:

"Today's judgment is an important vindication for these people and their families, and will hopefully help prevent future abuses.

"Amnesty International met the migrant workers in 2013 and interviewed them about the exploitation they were subjected to. We saw for ourselves their appalling living conditions. Four years have passed since the horrendous incident, and action is long overdue to ensure forced labour and human trafficking is prevented and identified, and that perpetrators are brought to justice."

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Arkiveringsdatum 170214:

Picum Bulletin 17-02-03:

Europa/ ILO: Most domestic workers in Northern, Southern, Western Europe migrants till sidans topp

Recent estimates from the International Labour Organization (ILO) indicate that there are 150.3 million migrant workers in the world. Of these, 11.5 million (7.7 %) are migrant domestic workers. Estimates find 35.8 million migrant workers, including EU mobile citizen workers, in Northern, Southern and Western Europe, representing 16.4 % of the total workforce in the region. In Eastern Europe there are 13.8 million migrant workers representing 9.2 % of the total workforce in the region. The report 'ILO global estimates on migrant workers: Results and methodology. Special focus on migrant domestic workers' finds that migrant workers around the world are predominantly employed in the following sectors: services (71.1 % of migrant workers), industry, including manufacturing and construction (17.8 %) and agriculture (11.1 %). Focusing on domestic work, of a total of 4.1 million domestic workers in Northern, Southern and Western Europe, there are an estimated 2.21 million migrant domestic workers, representing 54.6 % of all domestic workers in the region. In Eastern Europe there are 300,000 domestic workers, of which 25 %, 80,000 are migrant domestic workers. The report relies on several data sources, and highlights with concern how irregular migrants may not be recorded in the official statistics such as censuses or labour force surveys, resulting in undercounting. Further, the degree of underestimation may be relatively more important in the case of migrant domestic workers, as their activity takes place inside private houses and is therefore more likely to be undocumented in many countries.

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Europarådet 17-01-30:

Italien/ Anti-trafficking experts urge Italy to better protect unaccompanied children till sidans topp

The Council of Europe Group of experts against human trafficking (GRETA) has published today a report on the implementation of the Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings by Italy. The report assesses the specific situation of forced returns of victims of trafficking from Italy and the identification of victims of trafficking among asylum seekers and migrants.

GRETA acknowledges the extreme difficulties which Italy is experiencing due to the unprecedented increase in the arrival of migrants and refugees, and the significant efforts made by the country, with the assistance of international organisations and civil society, to cope with the challenges posed by it.

The report, which was preceded by a visit to Italy in September 2016, reveals gaps in the detection of victims of trafficking among newly arriving migrants and unaccompanied children. Particular attention is paid to the situation of Nigerian women and girls, who have been arriving in Italy in increasing numbers and many of whom are likely to be trafficked for the purpose of exploitation in Europe. GRETA raises concerns about the failure to identify them as victims of trafficking at an early stage, the disappearance of unaccompanied children from reception centres, and the manner in which forced returns of victims of trafficking to their country of origin take place.

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Arkiveringsdatum 170126:

Comparative Migration Studies 2016/04

Afrika/ African migration: trends, patterns, drivers till sidans topp

Africa is often seen as a continent of mass migration and displacement caused by poverty, violent conflict and environmental stress. Yet such perceptions are based on stereotypes rather than theoretically informed empirical research.

Drawing on the migration and visa databases from the Determinants of International Migration (DEMIG project) and the Global Bilateral Migration Database (GBMD), this paper explores the evolution and drivers of migration within, towards and from Africa in the post-colonial period. Contradicting common ideas of Africa as a 'continent on the move', the analysis shows that intra-African migration intensities have gone down. This may be related to state formation and the related imposition of barriers towards free movement in the wake of decolonisation as well as the concomitant rise of nationalism and inter-state tensions.

While African migration remains overwhelmingly intra-continental, since the late 1980s there has been an acceleration and spatial diversification (beyond colonial patterns) of emigration out of Africa to Europe, North America, the Gulf and Asia. This diversification of African emigration seems partly driven by the introduction of visa and other immigration restrictions by European states.

Contradicting conventional interpretations of African migration being essentially driven by poverty, violence and underdevelopment, increasing migration out of Africa seems rather to be driven by processes of development and social transformation which have increased Africans' capabilities and aspirations to migrate, a trend which is likely to continue in the future.

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IDMC December 2016:

Afrika/ 2016 Africa Report on Internal Displacement till sidans topp

The Africa Report on Internal Displacement, launched with the support from the African Union and the Norwegian Refugee Council, is the first IDMC's report focusing on a single continent. The report expands on data and analysis available in our annual Global Report on Internal Displacement including new figures from the first half of 2016.

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Arkiveringsdatum 161221:

UN News Centre 16-12-13:

Libyen/ UN human rights report urges end to 'unimaginable abuse' of migrants in Libya till sidans topp

A joint report launched today by the United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) and the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) citied "unimaginable" human rights violations and abuses of migrants in Libya as a result of the breakdown in the crisis-riven country's justice system.

"People smuggled or trafficked into Libya face torture, forced labour and sexual exploitation along the route, and many while held in arbitrary detention," Martin Kobler, the Secretary General's Special Representative for Libya and Head of UNSMIL in a news release.

The report, entitled Detained and Dehumanised: Report on Human Rights Abuses against Migrants in Libya also stated that migrants were held in detention centres mostly run by the Department for Combatting Illegal Migration (DCIM), and had no access to lawyers or judicial authorities, no formal registration, and no legal process.

In addition, some migrants were held in "connection houses," on farms, in warehouses and inside apartments. They were forced to work and earn money for their onward transport. "We are called animals and are treated as animals," a 16-year-old boy from Eritrea had told UNSMIL.

The report also described armed men, allegedly from the Libyan Coast Guard, abusing migrants by bringing them to shore, beating, robbing, and taking them to detention centres.

"The list of violations and abuses faced by migrants in Libya is as long as it is horrific. This is, quite simply, a human rights crisis affecting tens of thousands of people," said Zeid Ra'ad Al Hussein, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights.

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Källor: Informationen på denna sida är hämtad från följande källor (externa länkar): EU (kommissionen, ministerrådet, parlamentet och domstolen), Europarådet (mr-kommissionären, domstolen, kommittén mot tortyr), FN:s flyktingkommissariat UNHCR, FN:s kommitté mot tortyr m.fl. FN-organ, Sveriges Radio, SvT, andra svenska media via Nyhetsfilter och pressmeddelanden via Newsdesk, utländska media till exempel via Are You Syrious och Rights in Exile, internationella organisationer som Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, ECRE, Statewatch och Picum, organisationer i Sverige som Rädda Barnen, Asylrättscentrum, Svenska Amnesty, FARR, #vistårinteut och InfoTorg Juridik (betaltjänst) samt myndigheter och politiska organ som Migrationsverket, Sveriges domstolar, JO, Justitiedepartementet m.fl. departement och Sveriges Riksdag.

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