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Arkivet har startat om och saknar material från perioden 180119 - 180513

Arkiveringsdatum 190801:

IOM 19-07-26:

Safe migration pathways key to tackling human trafficking, slavery, forced labour till sidans topp

A new report out today (26/07) examines the connection between migration and modern slavery and focuses on which migrants are most vulnerable to being forced into modern slavery, and under what circumstances.

Prepared by Minderoo Foundation's Walk Free initiative and the International Organization for Migration (IOM) for the Alliance 8.7 Action Group on Migration, the report provides recommendations on key steps governments can take to address this risk.

The report confirms certain sub-groups of migrants are at particular risk. These include migrants who are fleeing violence and conflict, migrants who have been dislocated from community and family support structures without access to legitimate forms of employment, legal status or social protection, and migrants who are moving or working through irregular channels. Other vulnerable types include migrants who are working in sectors that are out of sight (such as work at sea or in private homes) or in sectors of the economy that are not covered by labour laws.

Child and adolescent migrants are particularly vulnerable, creating the need for governments to offer better protections, such as family reunification schemes. Female and male migrants are vulnerable to abuse but in different ways - with women experiencing higher rates of modern slavery in domestic work, the sex industry and through forced marriage - while male migrants are more likely to be exploited through forced labour in the construction and manufacturing sectors.

The report notes that some government policies could have the effect of increasing vulnerability of certain groups of migrants. Restrictive migration policies that seek to ban or limit certain forms of migration can have unintended consequences, such as driving risky practices underground or trapping vulnerable people in dangerous situations.

Key findings

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Arkiveringsdatum 190620:

Refugees International 19-05-21:

Abused, blamed, and refused: Protection denied to women and children trafficked till sidans topp

The current U.S. administration asserts that its border policies are designed to protect women and children from traffickers. However, its actions tell a very different story. Over the course of the last two years, the administration has failed to protect trafficking victims, as reflected in a dramatic increase in denials of visas for them, resulting from a new and highly restrictive interpretation of requirements under the Trafficking Victims Protection Act. A review of all published appeals of applications for visas for victims of trafficking since 2017 shows that the administration's decision-making has been particularly dismissive of claims by women and children who have been trafficked over the southwestern border, and has effectively blamed them for their own victimization. Recently implemented policies also scare survivors from coming forward to report abuse and even push them into the hands of traffickers.

In 2000, Congress passed the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA), which created T visas for victims of severe labor or sex trafficking. Beyond proving that they have been forcibly transported for commercial sex or involuntary servitude, T visa applicants also must comply with reasonable requests to assist law enforcement in investigating and prosecuting their traffickers. In addition, they must prove they are physically present in the United States on account of trafficking, and that they would face "extreme hardship involving unusual and severe harm" if removed from the United States. T visas allow victims of trafficking who are in the United States without authorization to legalize their status and petition for the legal entry of certain family members. They also provide access to work permits and federally funded health and other benefits. Congress capped the number of T visas at 5,000 per year, but never more than one-third of that total have been provided in any given year.

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FRA 19-06-13:

10 ways to protect children deprived of parental care and combat child trafficking till sidans topp

Almost one quarter of trafficked victims registered in the EU are children. EU child victims are twice the number of non EU child victims, with girls especially targeted. So what can be done? A new guide developed by FRA suggests 10 ways to protect children moving across EU Member States without parental care.

This child protection guide focuses on children deprived of parental care in EU Member States other than their own. It covers all children who need protection, particularly child trafficking victims.

FRA developed the guide in close cooperation with the European Commission Office of the EU Anti-trafficking Coordinator. It implements a key actionin the 2017 Communication stepping up EU action to address human trafficking, and is in line with the 2018 EU Agencies Joint Statement of Commitment to address human trafficking.

It aims at addressing the lack of a uniform approach across the EU to help such children in full compliance with international standards and EU law. Criminal and civil law come into play through the EU's Anti-Trafficking Directive, the Child Sexual Abuse and Exploitation Directive, the Victims' Directive and the Brussels IIa Regulation that covers cross-border family law matters.

It offers guidance on what to do from the moment the children are identified to the implementation and monitoring of a durable solution.

The guide is aimed at a wide range of relevant actors. These include police officers, child protection officers, guardians, central authorities dealing with cross-border child protection cases under the Brussels IIa Regulation, judges, lawyers, civil society representatives, as well as consular staff.

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Arkiveringsdatum 181218:

EU-kommissionen 18-12-04:

Commission calls for continued action to eradicate trafficking in human beings till sidans topp

Today, the European Commission is presenting its Second Report on the progress made in the fight against trafficking in human beings.

Taking stock of measures taken since 2015, the report highlights the main trends in trafficking in human beings and outlines remaining challenges that the EU and Member States must address as a matter of priority.

The report shows that 20,532 men, women and children were registered as victims of trafficking in the EU in 2015-2016. However, the actual number is likely to be significantly higher as many victims remain undetected. Women and girls continue to be most vulnerable to trafficking (68%) while children represent 23% of registered victims.

Trafficking for sexual exploitation remains the most widespread form (56%), followed by trafficking for labour exploitation (26%). The level of prosecutions and convictions is low, with 5,979 prosecutions and 2,927 convictions reported and only 18 reported convictions for knowingly using services provided by victims. The report also highlights an increase in trafficking within Member States and targeting of younger victims and persons with disabilities. The use of Internet and social media to recruit victims is also noted as well as the heightened risk of trafficking in the context of migration.

While there have been certain improvements, particularly in relation to cross-border cooperation (demonstrated by the joint efforts of Europol and Eurojust), the phenomenon continues to evolve. As a result, the Commission outlines a number of priority areas for Member States to focus on to effectively combat trafficking in human beings:

Improved data collection: Member States should improve the recording and registration of data particularly on gender, age, forms of exploitation, citizenship of victims and perpetrators, as well as on assistance and protection;

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COM(2018)777, Rapporten på svenska mfl språk (Extern länk)

FRA 18-11-30: EU Anti-Trafficking Coordinator, FRA and Eurojust join forces against child trafficking (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 181125:

Migrationsverket 18-11-15:

Många blir offer för människohandel på vägen till Sverige till sidans topp

Under 2017 identifierade Migrationsverket 444 personer som misstänkta offer för människohandel. En tredjedel av dem uppger att de har blivit utsatta under resan till Sverige. Det kan bland annat handla om organhandel, prostitution och tvångsarbete.

Under 2017 identifierade Migrationsverket 444 personer som misstänkta offer för människohandel. En tredjedel av dem uppger att de har blivit utsatta under resan till Sverige. Det kan bland annat handla om organhandel, prostitution och tvångsarbete.

Under en uttagningsresa för att ta ut kvotflyktingar tidigare i år träffade Migrationsverkets delegation en ung man från nordöstra Afrika. Han berättade att han hade flytt sitt hemland och fått jobb inom restaurangbranschen i ett annat nordafrikanskt land. När lönen uteblev hamnade han i en svår ekonomisk situation, vilket utnyttjades av ett kriminellt gäng som lovade att hjälpa honom. Han fördes till en kustort vid Medelhavet där människor samlades för att ta gummibåtar över till Europa. Att den unge mannen inte hade råd med någon biljett var förövarna medvetna om och det var därför de hade fört honom dit: För att låta honom gå ombord skulle han betala med sina organ.

Människohandel är temat för Migrationsverkets medverkan i den årliga konferensen Mänskliga Rättighetsdagarna som inleds på Stockholmsmässan i dag. Förra året identifierad Migrationsverket 444 personer som offer för människohandel, drygt en tredjedel uppger att de blivit utsatta på vägen till Sverige. Organhandel är en form av människohandel som uppmärksammats av Migrationsverket först de senaste åren.

- För bara tre år sedan hade vi inte stött på ett enda sådant ärende. Nu möter vi varje år människor som berättar att de betalat för resan med sina organ, säger Kajsa Törnqvist Netz, nationell samordnare mot människohandel på Migrationsverket.

Omfattande organhandel

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Migrationsverket 18-11- 16:

Migrationsverkets arbete bakom många polisanmälningar om människohandel till sidans topp

Migrationsverket ligger bakom en stor del av de anmälningar om människohandel som kommer in till polisen.

- Den ökning vi sett de senaste åren beror till stor del på att Migrationsverket identifierar och rapporterar fler fall till oss, säger Kajsa Wahlberg, kriminalkommissarie och nationell rapportör i människohandelsfrågor på polisen.

Antalet anmälda brott som gäller människohandel för sexuella ändamål med barn ökade mellan 2015 och 2017 från 15 till 23 fall. Det visar statistik från Brottsförebyggande rådet. I de flesta fallen låg Migrationsverket bakom anmälan.

- Vi ser Migrationsverket som en väldigt viktig aktör i arbetet mot människohandel, säger kriminalkommissarie Kajsa Wahlberg.

Information från olika aktörer

Hon sammanställer de årliga rapporter om människohandel som Polismyndigheten tar fram på uppdrag av regeringen. I det arbetet jämför och analyserar hon information från den egna myndigheten med information från andra aktörer, exempelvis Migrationsverket och frivilligorganisationer.

- Olika aktörer har olika erfarenheter av människohandel beroende på vilka människor de möter, säger hon.

Att informationen kommer från olika håll gör att polisen får en bättre bild av exempelvis tillvägagångssätt hos kriminella gäng och särskilt riskfyllda flyktvägar. Informationen från Migrationsverket kan handla om kön och ålder på brottsoffren, varifrån de kommer och vilka former av människohandel som de har utsatts för. På senare år har Migrationsverket rapporterat till polisen om den människohandel för sexuella ändamål som drabbar kvinnor från Nigeria. Ofta smugglas de till Libyen och förs sedan med båt till Italien och Spanien.

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Arkiveringsdatum 181108:

Destination Unknown 18-10-18:

Human trafficking among migrants and refugees: Understanding what puts them at risk till sidans topp

While substantial evidence exists on the trafficking and exploitation of migrants and refugees on the Western Mediterranean migration route in Europe, little is known about trafficking in human beings along the Eastern Mediterranean Route. Yet almost 1.5 million people arrived in Europe through this route in 2015-2016.

Many of them were children, including children travelling alone. Initially moving through Turkey to Greece, people then travelled along the 'Western Balkans Route' to Germany, Sweden, Austria and other EU countries. Both along the route and at final destinations, many people and organisations helping refugees and migrants found themselves overstretched by the high numbers of people arriving and struggled to identify people who were at risk of or had been trafficked.

Destination Unknown member Terre des Hommes, with other organisations, recently conducted a study on how to assess the risk that a person is being or at risk of being trafficked, and what makes people more at risk of trafficking along the Balkans route and in selected destination countries. The study also investigated the gaps, needs, challenges and good practices in the identification, referral, protection and rehabilitation of victims of people trafficking who use this route.

The research found that while trafficking and exploitation are a major cause of concern for migrants and refugees travelling along the Western Balkans route, the number of identified victims remains extremely low. According to the study, this was due to a lack of adequate investment in identifying and assisting victims, including children - especially in the first reception and asylum systems for new arrivals.

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European Institute for Gender Equality 18-10-18:

Gender-specific measures in anti-trafficking actions: report till sidans topp

Trafficking for sexual exploitation is the most commonly reported form of human trafficking in the European Union. It is a form of gender-based violence that disproportionately affects women. 95% of registered victims of trafficking for sexual exploitation in the EU are women or girls. Trafficking in women and girls remains a structural form of violence against women.

In this report, a gender perspective is applied as an analytical framework to examine the provisions and obligations under the Anti-Trafficking Directive and the Victims' Rights Directive. The Anti-Trafficking Directive introduces common provisions, taking into account a gender perspective, to strengthen the prevention of this crime and the protection of the victims. The analysis seeks to identify strengths and opportunities for improvement in the protection and response to the needs of victims of traf-ficking for sexual exploitation.The report provides guidance to Member States on gender-specific measures to better identify, help and support victims of trafficking in human beings.

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Arkiveringsdatum 181018:

IOM 18-10-16:

Girls in forced labour largest group of trafficking victims in Bangladesh refugee camps till sidans topp

Young girls sold into forced labour are the largest group of trafficking victims identified by the UN Migration Agency (IOM) in Bangladesh's Rohingya refugee camps.

IOM counter-trafficking experts warn that more than a year into a crisis that has seen the number of Rohingya refugees in Cox's Bazar soar to almost a million, more desperate families are sending their young daughters off into dangerous work situations because most households have no other way to earn money in the camps.

"There is a very limited number of jobs in the camp and for women there is almost nothing. That's why I went outside of the camp," explained one young Rohingya woman, who ended up being forced to work extremely long hours for very little pay in the fish processing industry.

Latest figures show that women and girls lured into situations of forced labour account for two thirds of those who have received support from IOM in Cox's Bazar after escaping or being rescued from exploitation. Another 10 per cent of identified victims were women and girls who suffered sexual exploitation.

Bangladeshi security agencies have reported stopping up to 60 women and girls a day attempting to leave the camps in small groups, many of whom appeared to have been coached what to say, but who, when questioned further, appeared unclear about issues such as who they are supposed to be travelling to meet.

IOM experts stress that adult men and boys are also the target of traffickers, accounting for around one in three of those found to have ended up in forced labour.

"We are struggling to meet our everyday needs and there is no scope to get any job inside the camp. So, we [agreed to go] outside of the camp to work," said a Rohingya father, who ended up receiving no payment after working long hours and being physically abused by an employer.

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Arkiveringsdatum 180614:

COE 18-06-08:

Sweden: progress made, but need to address all forms of trafficking till sidans topp

The Council of Europe's expert group against human trafficking (GRETA) publishes today its second evaluation report on Sweden. The report assesses developments since the publication of GRETA's first evaluation report on Sweden in May 2014 as regards the implementation of the Council of Europe's Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings.

According to the report, Sweden has made progress in a number of areas, in particular the development of the legal framework for combating human trafficking, the setting up of specialised anti-trafficking police units and the establishment of the National Support Programme which allows presumed victims of trafficking to receive assistance through the Platform Swedish Society against Human Trafficking. The adoption of a new National Action Plan to protect children from human trafficking, exploitation and sexual abuse, as well as a new National Action Plan against prostitution and trafficking in human beings, are welcome developments. However, they focus on sexual exploitation and therefore not all forms of human trafficking are sufficiently addressed. GRETA asks the Swedish authorities to ensure that the new Gender Equality Agency, which has taken over the co-ordination of action against human trafficking in Sweden since the beginning of 2018, effectively addresses all forms of trafficking in human beings, both in terms of combatting them and assisting victims.

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Arkiveringsdatum 171001:

Migrationsverket 17-09-04:

Allt fler fall av misstänkt människohandel till sidans topp

Antalet fall av misstänkt människohandel fortsätter att öka. Det visar Migrationsverkets statistik från första halvåret 2017.

De senaste åren har trenden varit tydlig. Migrationsverket upptäcker misstänkt människohandel i allt fler ärenden. Första halvåret i år rapporterades 231 fall, att jämföras med 163 samma period i fjol. 46 av de 231 fallen hittills i år handlar om minderåriga. Verket hittar misstänkta fall i såväl asyl-, arbetstillstånds- som i anknytningsärenden. Migrationsverket polisanmäler i princip alltid misstänkt människohandel.*

- Ökningen har pågått under flera år. En viktig orsak är att verkets förmåga att hitta misstänkta fall har blivit bättre, säger Kajsa Törnqvist Netz, Migrationsverkets samordnare i arbetet mot människohandel.

Myndigheten har satsat på utbildning, bättre verktyg och förfinade metoder för att upptäcka misstänkta fall.

- Medvetandegraden hos våra handläggare har helt klart ökat på senare år, säger hon.

Kajsa Törnqvist Netz menar att även det stora antalet asylsökande 2015 till viss del ännu kan förklara ökningen, då Migrationsverket fortfarande i dag utreder ärenden från hösten 2015.

Kubaner ny grupp

En grupp som Kajsa Törnqvist Netz inte sett tidigare i dessa sammanhang är asylsökande från Kuba. 98 kubaner sökte asyl i Sverige under perioden 1 januari 2016 till och med 30 juni 2017. Kubaner utgör därmed en liten grupp av alla asylsökande i Sverige, men Migrationsverket noterar samtidigt en ökning första halvåret av antalet asylsökande från Kuba.

- Bland kubanerna har vi identifierat en relativt stor andel misstänkta offer för människohandel. Det handlar om både kvinnor och män och vi misstänker att det handlar om sexuell exploatering eller otillbörligt utnyttjande som arbetskraft.

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Arkiveringsdatum 170410:

Europarådet 17-03-30:

Trafficking of children: experts highlight widespread problems till sidans topp

In its latest annual report, published today, the Council of Europe's Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA), has highlighted important shortcomings in a number of European countries related to the trafficking of children.

The report shows that 4,361 children were identified as victims of trafficking in just 12 European countries between 2012 and 2015. Many others have failed to be detected and protected, due to gaps in the identification procedures, a failure to appoint legal guardians and the lack of appropriate and secure accommodation.

GRETA's report shows that, on average, children represent a third of the identified victims of human trafficking, but there are important variations between countries. Children are being trafficked transnationally, as well as internally, for different forms of exploitation including sexual exploitation, forced labour, domestic servitude, forced begging, forced criminal activities and forced marriage.

GRETA highlights widespread problems with identifying child victims of trafficking and providing them with safe accommodation. Many children are not being given the support they are legally entitled to, says GRETA, and some are still being punished for crimes they are forced to commit.

The report also underlines that unaccompanied and separated children are particularly vulnerable to trafficking, but the authorities often have little or no information on the identification of victims of trafficking among such children.

GRETA is responsible for assessing countries' compliance with the 2005 Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings.

Today's annual report summarises GRETA's monitoring work over the last year, which has particularly focused on trafficking in children. It also gives examples of many positive changes which the convention has helped to bring about, as well as good practices in the area of child trafficking.

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Arkiveringsdatum 160914:

Migrationsverket 16-09-05:

Allt fler fall av misstänkt människohandel till sidans topp

Migrationsverket upptäcker allt fler fall av misstänkt människohandel. Första halvåret i år rapporterades 163 fall, jämfört med 195 fall under hela 2015.

- Allt pekar mot en kraftig ökning i år, och det är en trend som vi nu sett i flera år, säger Kajsa Törnqvist Netz som på Migrationsverket samordnar arbetet mot människohandel.

Av de 163 fall som rapporterats första halvåret misstänker Migrationsverket att hälften handlar om människohandel för sexuella ändamål. Drygt 20 fall handlar om misstänkt tvångsarbete av olika slag, och tio fall om misstänkt tvång till tiggeri. 53 av de 163 fallen är barn. En majoritet av de övriga är kvinnor.

Statistiken visar en uppåtgående trend. 2012 rapporterades 49 fall, 121 fall under 2013 och 111 fall under 2014. I fjol, 2015, rapporterades 195 misstänkta fall. Enligt Kajsa Törnqvist Netz kan det finnas flera orsaker till ökningen.

- Vi har helt klart förfinat våra metoder de senaste åren att identifiera misstänkta fall. Det handlar om att medvetandegöra handläggarna om dessa frågor och att ge utbildning och verktyg för att upptäcka misstänkt människohandel. Ytterligare utbildningsinsatser kommer att sjösättas i höst, säger hon.

Djupare analys ska göras

Det kan också vara så, menar hon, att människohandeln ökar i absoluta tal, inte minst mot bakgrund av att det under 2015 kom dubbelt så många asylsökande som året innan.

- Många av de asylansökningar som vi tog emot under 2015 har börjat utredas under första halvåret i år. Det är därför naturligt att ökningen av antalet asylsökande 2015 avspeglar sig i antalet misstänkta fall av människohandel som rapporteras hittills under 2016, säger Kajsa Törnqvist Netz.

Hon säger att en djupare analys av orsakerna till ökningen kommer att göras i samband med att årssifforna blir klara i början av 2017.

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Interpellation 2015/16:757 av Annika Hirvonen Falk (MP), med svar av Statsrådet Anders Ygeman (S) (Extern länk)

Interpellation 2015/16:769 av Johan Forssell (M) med svar av Statsrådet Anders Ygeman (S) (Extern länk)

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Källor: Informationen på denna sida är hämtad från följande källor (externa länkar): EU (kommissionen, ministerrådet, parlamentet och domstolen), Europarådet (mr-kommissionären, domstolen, kommittén mot tortyr), FN:s flyktingkommissariat UNHCR, FN:s kommitté mot tortyr m.fl. FN-organ, Sveriges Radio, SvT, andra svenska media via Nyhetsfilter och pressmeddelanden via Newsdesk, utländska media till exempel via Are You Syrious och Rights in Exile, internationella organisationer som Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, ECRE, Statewatch och Picum, organisationer i Sverige som Rädda Barnen, Asylrättscentrum, Svenska Amnesty, FARR, #vistårinteut och InfoTorg Juridik (betaltjänst) samt myndigheter och politiska organ som Migrationsverket, Sveriges domstolar, JO, Justitiedepartementet m.fl. departement och Sveriges Riksdag.

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