fåglar flyger

ASYLNYTT

Aktuellt nyhetsbrev

Fridh advokatbyrå

Sponsrad av Fridh Advokatbyrå

ARKIV:

Nya regler och lagförslag

Flyktinggrupper, landpraxis

Gränser: passage och hinder

Mottagande av asylsökande

Asylutredning och procedur

Skäl för och emot tillstånd

Tvång, hot och deportationer

Papperslösa, gömda, utvisade

Stöd och solidaritet

EU:s flykting- och gränspolitik

Allmänt om migration, statistik

Integration och uppföljning

Debatt och partipolitik

Kultur, personer, diverse

Flyktinggruppernas Riksråd, FARR

menybox Asylnytt startsida Praxisnotiser Kalender FARR:s hemsida

Asylnytt - Arkiv

Allmänt om migration, statistik

Internationell statistik

Information från myndigheter och organisationer

Länk till pressklipp


Arkivet har startat om och saknar material från perioden 180119 - 180513

Arkiveringsdatum 190610:

Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre / Reliefweb 19-05-10:

Global Report on Internal Displacement 2019 till sidans topp

Internal displacement is a global challenge, but it is also heavily concentrated in a few countries and triggered by few events. 28 million new internal displacements associated with conflict and disasters across 148 countries and territories were recorded in 2018, with nine countries each accounting for more than a million.

41.3 million people were estimated to be living in internal displacement as a result of conflict and violence in 55 countries as of the end of the year, the highest figure ever recorded. Three-quarters, or 30.9 million people, were located in only ten countries.

Protracted crises, communal violence and unresolved governance challenges were the main factors behind 10.8 million new displacements associated with conflict and violence. Ethiopia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and Syria accounted for more than half of the global figure.

Newly emerging crises forced millions to flee, from Cameroon's anglophone conflict to waves of violence in Nigeria's Middle Belt region and unprecedented conflict in Ethiopia. Displacement also continued despite peace efforts in the Central African Republic, South Sudan and Colombia.

Many IDPs remain unaccounted for. Figures for DRC, Myanmar, Pakistan, Sudan and Yemen are considered underestimates, and data is scarce for Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Russia, Turkey and Venezuela. This prevents an accurate assessment of the true scale of internal displacement in these countries. ||Estimating returns continues to be a major challenge.

(...)

Läs mer (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

IOM 19-05-21:

A third of Afghans have migrated or been displaced since 2012 till sidans topp

One in three Afghans has migrated or been displaced in the past six years, according to a new Displacement Tracking Matrix report published by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) in Afghanistan.

The Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) is a system that captures information on the movements and evolving needs of displaced populations, whether on site or en route. In the most recent round of data collection completed in December 2018, IOM covered 11,443 communities in 390 districts of all 34 provinces of Afghanistan.

The study found that since 2012, 3.2 million Afghan migrants and refugees have returned from abroad. The vast majority (95%) returned from neighbouring Iran and Pakistan. The remaining 5 per cent came mainly Europe and Turkey (170,000).

While they settled in all 34 provinces, many of them (15% or 49,000) stayed in the eastern province of Nangarhar on the border with Pakistan.

"Providing these returnees with economic opportunities is a key driver for their successful reintegration," said Head of IOM Afghanistan Laurence Hart. "This is why IOM, with the financial support of the European Union, has been actively engaging in the creation of self-employment opportunities and private sector support in areas of high return, including Nangarhar."

Over the same six-year period, 3.5 million Afghans were internally displaced due to armed conflict, generalized violence, human rights violations or natural disasters. In 2016 and 2017 alone, an estimated over a million Afghans were displaced each year, based on IOM interviews.

"According to a recent UN report, 2018 also saw a record high in civilian casualties in Afghanistan - another key driver of displacement," Hart noted.

(...)

Läs mer (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Norwegian Refugee Council 19-06-05:

The world's most neglected displacement crises till sidans topp

Millions of people affected by humanitarian crises fail to get the support they need and deserve. Only by drawing attention to these crises can we create change.

Every year, the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) publishes a list of the ten most neglected displacement crises in the world. This is the list for 2018.

Although humanitarian assistance should be based on needs, and needs alone, some crises receive much more attention and support than others. Why is one person's suffering an international priority - resulting in conferences, mediation efforts and donations - while another person's suffering, in another part of the world, goes unnoticed?

This neglect can be a result of a lack of geopolitical interest. Or the people affected may seem too far away and too difficult to identify with. Neglect can also be a result of competing political priorities and a lack of willingness to compromise, creating a protracted crisis and growing donor fatigue.

Our goal, in issuing this list, is to focus on the plight of people whose suffering rarely makes international headlines. People whom politicians have forgotten or disregarded. People who currently do not receive the support and protection they deserve and need.

We believe that more information and knowledge about these people, and the crises surrounding them, is a first important step towards change.

We have created our list based on the following three criteria: lack of political will, lack of media attention and lack of economic support. All* displacement crises resulting in more than 200,000 displaced people have been analysed - 36 crises in total.

List of the most neglected displacement crises. 1. Cameroon 2. The Democratic Republic of the Congo 3. The Central African Republic 4. Burundi 5. Ukraine 6. Venezuela 7. Mali 8. Libya 9. Ethiopia 10. Palestine

(...)

Läs mer (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Arkiveringsdatum 190517:

UNHCR 19-05-10:

More people displaced inside their own countries than ever before till sidans topp

More people displaced inside their own countries than ever before. A record 41.3 million people were displaced within their own countries because of conflict and violence at the end of 2018, according to the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre's annual global report released today. IDMC recorded 28 million new internal displacements in 2018, 10.8 million of which were linked to conflict and violence. Ongoing conflicts in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Syria, and a rise in intercommunal tensions in Ethiopia, Cameroon and Nigeria triggered most of the new displacements. Another 17.2 million new displacements were associated with disasters, the majority of them caused by extreme weather events. Increasing numbers of internally displaced people suggested the more global crises were long-lasting, said Alexandra Bilak, IDCM's director. "Unresolved internal displacement has all sorts of knock-on effects - one of them being that IDPs today could become refugees tomorrow," she told Reuters.

Läs mer (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

EASO 19-05-14:

Nationals with visa-free access lodge over a quarter of asylum applications in EU+ till sidans topp

Applications for international protection from Latin American countries continue to increase.

In March 2019, applications for international protection in the EU+ were significantly higher than a year ago, at 58 778 (+20 % compared to March 2018). This increase is partly due to the highest recorded number of applications by nationals exempt from visa requirements to enter the Schengen area, which constituted more than 28 % of all applications lodged in March.

Within this group, nationals of Venezuela (2nd), Colombia (5th), Albania (9th) and Georgia (10th) were among the top ten countries of origin of applicants in the EU+ in the reporting period.

Latin-American countries of origin continue to be a focus due to their steady rise in terms of applications lodged. The European Asylum Support Office (EASO) recently reported that applications from this region had reached a record.

With 4 304 applications lodged in March, Venezuela was the second main country of origin for a second consecutive month, following Syria (5 336 applications). The number of Venezuelan applications in March translates into a record number for the country after the one already set in February (3 995). Over the past six months, some 43 % of Venezuelan applicants received international protection in the first-instance, even though for many others the decisions remain pending.

Colombian nationals also lodged an unprecedented high number of applications for international protection in the EU+. In March, Colombian applications totalled more than 2 551, a 32 % increase compared to February, and the third consecutive month with increasing applications. The recognition rate for Colombian nationals remained much lower compared to Venezuelans, at 11 % over the past six months, even though the number of first-instance decisions issued was very low.

In addition to Venezuelans and Colombians, there were also increases in applications by other Latin-American nationalities, such as Salvadorians, Nicaraguans, Hondurans and Peruvians, although at a lower scale.

Pressmeddelandet (Extern länk)

Mer statistik från mars / första kvartalet (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Frontex 19-05-14:

Migratory situation in April - Fewer migrants reach Europe till sidans topp

In April, the number of detections of illegal border crossings on Europe's main migratory routes fell by 19% from the previous month to 4 900, mainly due to a drop in the Eastern Mediterranean. The total for the first four months of 2019 was 27% lower than a year ago at around 24 200.

Eastern Mediterranean

The Eastern Mediterranean route accounted for more than half of irregular migrants detected at EU borders in April. It remained the busiest migratory route into Europe despite lower activity than in March, mainly because of poor weather conditions. The number of migrants taking this route last month fell by one-fourth to 2 940.

In the first four months of this year, the total number of detections in this region fell 18% from a year ago to close to 12 750.

One out of four detected migrants in this route were nationals of Afghanistan, usually arriving by sea. One out of every five was of Turkish nationality, mainly crossing the land border.

Western Mediterranean

The number of irregular migrants taking the Western Mediterranean in April doubled from the previous month to around 900.

The total for the January-April period rose to more than 6 300, or nearly one-third above the figure from the same period of last year.

Nationals of Morocco, Guinea, Mali and Ivory Coast accounted for the largest number of detected migrants on this route in the first four months of 2019.

Central Mediterranean

The number of migrants passing through the Central Mediterranean in April halved from March to slightly more than 200.

(...)

Läs mer (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Arkiveringsdatum 190503:

EASO 19-04-15:

Latin-American nationals lodge record numbers of asylum applications in February till sidans topp

Venezuelans were the second most common applicants in the EU+.

In February 2019, some 57 000 applications for international protection were lodged in the EU+. Despite a small decrease compared to the first month of the year, this monthly figure remained higher than the average over the past twelve months, and considerably higher than applications in February 2018 (46 000 applications).

Most applications were lodged by nationals of Syria, Venezuela, Afghanistan, Iraq and Nigeria. These five citizenships together made up one third of all applicants in February.

While most citizenships lodged fewer applications than in previous months, nationals of many Latin-American countries continued to seek international protection in larger numbers. Venezuela became the second main country of origin of applicants in the EU+, with almost 4 000 applications (+51% from January). With few first-instance decisions being issued, the number of Venezuelans awaiting a decision in the first instance also grew considerably and now stands at 33 800.

Colombian applications reached a record high in February with some 1 937 claims (+47% from January), more than tripling the number of applications compared to a year earlier, and becoming the tenth most common nationality of applicants for international protection in the EU+. The number of Nicaraguan applicants also increased substantially, from nine (9) in February 2018, to 616 in February 2019.

Nigerians also lodged increasing numbers of applications for the second consecutive month, following a drop in the latter months of 2018. Nigeria re-entered the top five of countries of origin for the first time since June 2018.

Latest asylum trends (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

EU-kommissionen 19-04-16:

Schengen States issue 14.3 million visas for short stays in 2018 till sidans topp

Statistics published by the European Commission reveal that slightly more than 16 million applications for short-stay visas were lodged at the consulates of the Schengen States in 2018, a very small decrease of 1% compared to 2017. This was driven by a decline in the number of applications in the Russian Federation, which decreased almost 5% to 3.7 million, although Russia remains by far the top source country for Schengen visa applications. The first full year of the visa waiver for Ukrainian nationals holding biometric passports also explained the overall decrease, with applications in Ukraine plummeting by 73% to 190 000. The number of applications lodged in Belarus (680 000, -4.8%), Turkey (880 000, -9.5%) and Algeria (710 000, -8.8%) also showed substantial decreases.

By contrast, strong growth in demand continued in China, with 2.8 million applications representing an increase of 11.3% over 2017. Applications lodged in India surpassed the 1-million-mark for the first time, registering an increase of 17.4% and overtaking Turkey as the third most important source country for Schengen visa applications. Growing numbers of visa applications were also lodged in Morocco (660 000, +7.8%), Saudi Arabia (360 000, +7.6%), Thailand (330 000, +9.3%) and Iran (270 000, +3.3%).

The percentage of applications that were refused varied widely and ranged from less than 2% (Belarus, Indonesia and Russia) to more than 35% (Algeria, Central African Republic, Comoros, DR Congo, Eritrea, Ghana, Guinea, Haiti, Iraq, Nigeria and Senegal). Worldwide, 9.6% of all visa applications were refused, 1.4 percentage points more than in 2017. 58% of visas issued in 2018 allowed for multiple entries into the Schengen area, a similar figure as 2017.

In addition to the 14.3 million visas issued at consulates, in 2018 the Schengen States also issued 66 000 uniform visas at the external borders.

Läs mer (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Arkiveringsdatum 190326:

Frontex 19-03-14:

Migratory situation in February - Poor weather reduces the number of detections till sidans topp

In February, the number of detections of illegal border crossings on Europe's four main migratory routes fell 58% from the previous month to 3 560, in large part due to poor weather conditions in parts of the Mediterranean Sea. The total for the first two months of the year was roughly in line with a year ago at 11 800.

Eastern Mediterranean

The Eastern Mediterranean route accounted for the largest percentage of detections of irregular migrants in February. Nevertheless, the number of migrants on this route fell 31% from the previous month to 2 250. Because of a high number of arrivals in January, the total number of detections on this route rose by one-third in the first two months of 2019 compared to a year ago to almost 5 500.

Two out of every five detected migrants in this corridor were nationals of Afghanistan, usually arriving by sea. One out of every five was of Turkish nationality, mainly crossing the land border.

Western Mediterranean

Rough weather conditions led to an 80% drop in the number of irregular migrants reaching Spain in February to 820. However, due to a high number of arrivals in January, the total for the first two months of 2019 stood at more than 4 900, or 83% above the figure from the same period of last year.

Nationals of Morocco accounted for the largest number of detected migrants on this route.

Central Mediterranean

(...)

Läs mer (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Arkiveringsdatum 190318:

UNHCR 19-03-08:

Asylum applications by Venezuelans soar to over 400,000 till sidans topp

As a result of the situation in Venezuela, the number of asylum applications by Venezuelan citizens worldwide has increased exponentially, UNHCR, the UN refugee agency, announced today. Since 2014, over 414,000 asylum claims have been lodged by Venezuelans worldwide, nearly 60 percent of them (248,000), during 2018 alone.

Two thirds of asylum applications by Venezuelans were registered in Latin America and the rest in North America and some European countries.

These figures are provided by national authorities, which are responsible for assessing asylum applications in all countries in the region, and for all issues related to refugee protection and local integration.

UNHCR works closely with national institutions to enhance asylum systems, including registration and documentation, as well as with civil society organizations to provide humanitarian assistance and promote the social, cultural and economic inclusion of refugees.

In the current context of increasing asylum applications by Venezuelan citizens in neighbouring countries, including former security forces personnel, UNHCR reiterates the need to maintain the civilian and humanitarian character of asylum.

The number of asylum applications represents only one part of the total outflow of Venezuelans, which is estimated at over 3.4 million people. In addition to asylum seekers, Latin American countries have granted some 1.3 million residence permits and other forms of regular status to Venezuelans, which allow them access to basic services, including health and education and, in most countries, the right to work.

Läs mer (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

UNHCR yyy 19-03-08:

Faktablad om flyktingar och asylsökande i norra Europa till sidans topp

De här senaste faktabladen från UNHCR i norra Europa ger en överblick av statistiken om asylsökande, flyktingar och statslösa personer i regionen.

Hur många asylsökande anlände till de olika länderna i norra Europa förra året?

Vilka är dem och var kommer de ifrån? Hur många fick skydd och hur många så kallade kvotflyktingar anlände under vidarebosättningsprogrammet?

De här senaste faktabladen från UNHCR i norra Europa - som täcker Danmark, Estland, Finland, Island, Lettland, Litauen, Norge och Sverige - ger en överblick av statistiken från 2018 om asylsökande, flyktingar och statslösa personer i regionen.

Faktabladen också visar siffrorna för ankomster, vidarebosättning, procent och totalt antal personer som getts skydd, samt antalet personer som de senaste fem åren ansökt om asyl i de olika länderna.

Ladda ner faktabladen (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

IOM 19-03-12:

Nearly half of recent Spain migrant arrivals report exploitation, abuse till sidans topp

According to an International Organization for Migration (IOM) flow monitoring survey of over 1,300 migrants and refugees in Spain last year, nearly half (48%) of those interviewed indicated having at least one direct experience related to human trafficking, exploitation or abuse while traveling on the Western Mediterranean Route. Men - who outnumber women nine to one among those surveyed - reported a higher percentage (49%) of incidents than women (40%).

The survey findings are based on 1,341 interviews with migrants and refugees from 39 countries of origin who arrived in Spain in 2018. The surveys were conducted between July and October 2018 in transit and reception centres in more than 40 Spanish municipalities across four autonomous regions to shed more light on the profile and experiences of those who arrived in the country by sea and by land via the Western Mediterranean route.

That route, in 2018, emerged as the most frequented route to Europe in 2018 with 63,325 arrivals to Spain.

"The results of this survey show an alarming incidence of reported exploitation and abuse of migrants and refugees along the route. It is striking how varied their motivations and experiences are, and we do not always realize the very high levels of vulnerability in play," said Maria Jesus Herrera, IOM Chief of Mission in Spain.

The main countries of origin of the 1,341 survey respondents were Guinea (29%), Mali (19%), Côte d'Ivoire (14%), Cameroon (6%), Senegal (6%), Morocco (5%) and Algeria (4%). These nationalities are also among the top 10 nationals registered in official 2018 statistics. French was reported as a first language spoken by 23 per cent of those interviewed.

(...)

Läs mer och hämta rapporten (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Arkiveringsdatum 190219:

EASO 19-02-13:

Applications return to 2014 levels, decreasing by 10% over previous year till sidans topp

The European Asylum Support Office (EASO) has published its 2018 asylum trends overview. Data shows a lower recognition rate of applications (34% compared to 40% in 2017) and pending cases at less than half of the peak recorded in autumn 2016. While overall applications continued to fall in 2018, citizens from Iran, Turkey, and several visa-liberalised countries lodged more applications than in 2017.

For a third consecutive year, 2018 saw a decrease in applications for international protection in the EU+ following the migration crisis of 2015. The 634,700 applications lodged were 10% fewer than in 2017, and similar to the level of 2014. The decrease registered in 2018 follows a significant 44% decline in applications in 2017 over the previous year.

Syria remained the top country of origin for applicants, but with 25% fewer applications than in the previous year. More than one-in-ten of all applicants was a Syrian national, compared to 2015-2016, when Syrians made up more than one-in-four applicants. Afghanistan and Iraq completed the top three countries of origin in 2018.

Despite the overall decrease in applications, several citizenships lodged more applications than in the previous year. Georgian, Turkish and Venezuelan applicants increased for the second year in a row. Large increases also took place in 2018 for applicants from Colombia, Palestine, and Iran. In 2018, close to one fifth of all applications were lodged by nationals from countries exempt from visa requirements to enter the Schengen Area, including Venezuelans, Colombians, Georgians. This was a much higher share than in previous years.

(...)

Artikeln med länkar till statistik och visualisering (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Frontex 19-02-13:

Migratory situation in January - Western Mediterranean accounts for half of detections till sidans topp

In the first month of 2019, the number of detections of illegal border crossings on Europe's main migratory routes fell by a third compared to December to 6 760. The total was a fifth less than in January 2018 because of the lower number of migrants taking the Central Mediterranean route.

Western Mediterranean

The Western Mediterranean route remained under the most intensive migratory pressure, accounting for more than half of the irregular migrants reaching Europe in January. In the first month of the year, the number of detections on this route fell 18% from the previous month to nearly 3 780. However, this is more than double the figure from January 2018.

Nationals of Guinea and Morocco accounted for the largest number of detected migrants on this route.

Eastern Mediterranean

The number of migrants taking the Eastern Mediterranean route in January fell 44% from the previous month to close to 2 540, although the figure was 10% higher than a year ago.

Nationals of Afghanistan, who mainly arrived by sea, and Turkey, who mostly crossed the land border, accounted for more than half of the detections in this region.

Central Mediterranean

The Central Mediterranean route saw the biggest drop in the number of irregular migrants. There were nearly 150 migrants detected on this route, a fall of 73% compared to December and 96% compared to January 2018.

Bangladeshis and Tunisians were the most represented nationalities reaching Italy.

Western Balkans

(...)

Läs mer (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Arkiveringsdatum 190209:

EU Science Hub 18-12-18:

Launch of New Atlas of Migration till sidans topp

Launched on the occasion of International Migrants Day, a new Atlas from the Knowledge Centre on Migration and Demography provides insights on migration for all EU Member States and 44 non-EU countries.

With graphs, charts and maps, the Atlas of Migration provides a snapshot of migration in 2017, providing a knowledge base for policy makers, stakeholders, businesses, researchers and the general public.

The publication presents the available data on a range of migration-related fields in a format that is both easy to access and to understand..

It condenses statistics from multiple sources, including Eurostat for the EU Member States and several international statistical sources for migration profiles and thematic analysis of countries outside the EU.

The Atlas will provide the following information:

+ The number of people who have migrated, their country of origin and country of destination

+ Demographic characteristics of different countries

+ The reasons that people migrate (e.g. for work, to join family, or for education)

+ The number of people who applied for asylum in the EU and the outcome of their applications

+ The amount of development and humanitarian assistance the EU has granted to non-EU countries

+ The level of integration across EU Member States

A more complete picture of migration

The Atlas is structured around three sections, each with a distinct focus:

Migration profiles of EU Member States, an annually updated picture of demography, migratory flux, legal migration, asylum, irregular migration, naturalisation and integration;

(...)

Läs mer (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

AIDA 19-01- 26:

Asylum statistics 2018: Changing arrivals, same concerns till sidans topp

Disparities in the way European countries grant international protection to people fleeing persecution and war persisted in 2018, according to asylum statistics made available by national asylum authorities

While EU institutions have emphasised a reduction of arrivals in Europe, figures confirm again more complex reality across the continent.

Several countries (Germany, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Norway, Bulgaria) continue to witness a steady drop in asylum applications. In Italy's case, the reduction was drastic, from 130,180 applications in 2017 to 53,500 in 2018. The number of people seeking asylum continue to increase in other countries (France, Turkey, Greece, Belgium and Slovenia), however.

Significant increases in the number of registered asylum applications are also reported in Spain, where the number of claims registered in the first nine months of 2018 (39,606) has already exceeded the number of applications registered in the whole of 2017 (31,740). Cyprus received 6,064 applications in the first ten months of 2018, compared to 4,582 in the entire year 2017.

Syria, Afghanistan and Iraq remain the main nationalities of asylum seekers in many countries:

Syria was among the top three countries of origin of asylum seekers in Germany, Greece, Belgium, Sweden, Norway, Bulgaria. The number of Syrian nationals registered as temporary protection beneficiaries in Turkey rose to 3,623,192 at the end of 2018.

Afghanistan was among the top three countries of origin in Germany, France, Greece, Turkey, Belgium, Bulgaria, Slovenia.

Iraq was among the top three countries of origin in Germany, Greece, Turkey, Sweden, Belgium, Finland.

(...)

Läs mer (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

UNHCR 19-01-30:

Six people died each day attempting to cross Mediterranean in 2018 till sidans topp

Refugees and migrants attempting to reach Europe via the Mediterranean Sea lost their lives at an alarming rate in 2018, as cuts in search and rescue operations reinforced its position as the world's deadliest sea crossing. The latest 'Desperate Journeys' report, released today by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, says six lives were lost on average every day.

An estimated 2,275 died or went missing crossing the Mediterranean in 2018, despite a major drop in the number of arrivals reaching European shores. In total, 139,300 refugees and migrants arrived in Europe, the lowest number in five years.

"Saving lives at sea is not a choice, nor a matter of politics, but an age-old obligation," said Filippo Grandi, UN High Commissioner for Refugees. "We can put an end to these tragedies by having the courage and vision to look beyond the next boat, and adopt a long-term approach based on regional cooperation, that places human life and dignity at its core."

The report describes how shifts in policy by some European States saw numerous incidents where large numbers of people were left stranded at sea for days on end, waiting for permission to dock. NGO boats and their crews faced growing restrictions on their search and rescue operations. On routes from Libya to Europe, one person died at sea for every 14 who arrived in Europe - a sharp rise on 2017 levels. Thousands more were returned to Libya where they faced appalling conditions inside detention centres.

For many, setting foot in Europe was the final stop of a nightmarish journey on which they had faced torture, rape and sexual assault, and the threat of being kidnapped and held for ransom. States must take urgent action to dismantle smuggling networks and bring perpetrators of these crimes to justice.

(...)

Hela artikeln (Extern länk)

Hämta rapporten (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Arkiveringsdatum 190123:

IOM 19-01-11:

30,000 irregular migration deaths, disappearances between 2014-2018 till sidans topp

At least 30,510 people died during irregular migration between 2014 and 2018, the International Organization for Migration's (IOM) Missing Migrants Project reports. More than 19,000 deaths and disappearances were recorded due to drowning, not only in the Mediterranean Sea, but also in the Rio Grande, the Bay of Bengal, and many other overseas routes.

Due to the lack of official sources of information on deaths during migration, and the corresponding lack of detail on most of those who die during migration, these figures are best understood as a minimum estimate.

Nearly half of the five-year total fatalities of at least 14,795 men, women and children were recorded on the Central Mediterranean route between North Africa and Italy. The Missing Migrants Project estimates that there were at minimum 17,644 lives lost at sea on all three trans-Mediterranean routes in the last five years, equivalent in these five years to roughly ten times the number of people who drowned when the luxury liner Titanic sank in 1912.

Deaths recorded during migration throughout Africa comprise the second-largest regional total of the 30,000 deaths recorded since 2014, with 6,629 fatalities recorded since 2014. Nearly 4,000 of those deaths occurred in Northern Africa, where a lack of reliable data and extensive anecdotal reports indicate that many more migrants have died than are recorded.

In Asia, where data are similarly scarce, the deaths of more than 2,900 people were recorded during migration, including 2,191 in Southeast Asia and 531 in the Middle East.

(...)

Läs mer (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Arkiveringsdatum 190111:

Frontex 19-01- 04:

Number of irregular crossings at Europe's borders at lowest level in 5 years till sidans topp

Last year the number of illegal border-crossings at Europe's external borders has fallen by a quarter compared with 2017 to an estimated 150 000, the lowest level in five years. The total for 2018 was also 92% below the peak of the migratory crisis in 2015.

The drop was due to the dramatic fall in the number of migrants taking the Central Mediterranean route to Italy. The number of detections of irregular crossings on this route plunged 80% compared to 2017 to slightly more than 23 000.

The Central Mediterranean route saw the smallest number of irregular entries since 2012. The number of departures from Libya dropped 87% from a year ago, and those from Algeria fell by nearly a half. Departures from Tunisia stayed roughly unchanged. Tunisians and Eritreans were the two most represented nationalities on this route, together accounting for a third of all migrants.

Meanwhile, the number of arrivals in Spain via the Western Mediterranean route doubled last year for the second year in a row to 57 000, making it the most active migratory route into Europe for the first time since Frontex began collecting data.

On the Western Mediterranean route, Morocco has become the main departure point to Europe. Most of the migrants on this route originated from sub-Saharan countries, although in recent months the number of Moroccan migrants has increased to become the top reported nationality. They were trailed by Guineans, Malians and Algerians.

(...)

Läs mer (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

IOM 19-01- 08:

Grim milestone as migrant deaths, disappearances top 4,000 for fifth consecutive year till sidans topp

For the fifth consecutive year more than 4,000 people are believed to have died or gone missing on migratory routes across the globe, the International Organization for Migration's (IOM) Missing Migrants Project (MMP) reports.

While final data collection for 2018 is still being compiled from several jurisdictions, at least 4,592 migrants reportedly died or disappeared during their journeys, down 20 per cent from the previous year, and over 8,000 in 2016.

Half (2,297) of those people were among the more than 116,000 migrants known to have arrived in Europe via the Mediterranean. There are few reliable sources of information about deaths and disappearances due to the clandestine nature of irregular migration so the data collected in some regions, particularly the desert approaches to Mediterranean crossing routes, are incomplete.

Underlining the perils involved in those movements, multiple tragedies on all three Mediterranean routes in the final two weeks of the year claimed the lives of at least 23 people including two children; 31 others are reported missing.

The coast guards, navies and rescue agencies of several nations, non-governmental groups running rescue operations and a US-flagged cargo vessel together reportedly rescued at least 135 migrants at sea in the final two weeks of the year.

Missing Migrants Project data are compiled by IOM staff based at its Global Migration Data Analysis Centre but come from a variety of sources, some of which are unofficial. To learn more about how data on migrants deaths and disappearances are collected, click here.

Läs mer (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Arkiveringsdatum 181231:

IOM 18-12-18:

Over 6,600 migration deaths recorded in Africa since 2013 'Just the tip of the iceberg' till sidans topp

Today (18/12) IOM's Missing Migrants Project (MMP) will publish records from hundreds of eyewitness reports of deaths during migration in Africa, bringing the total number of deaths recorded on the continent to 1,386 this year.

MMP researchers explain that with these latest data, the total number of deaths of migrants confirmed on the continent is an estimated 6,615 in just the last five years.

The new records added today to 2018's total - amounting to information on 1,014 previously unknown fatalities - are based on surveys conducted by the Mixed Migration Centre's Monitoring Mechanism Initiative (4Mi). However, 4Mi's surveys represent only a small fraction of the overall number of people on the move in Africa - meaning that these thousands of deaths are likely a substantial undercount of the true number.

In the absence of official, systematic and intraregional information sources on migration flows in Africa, surveys such as those conducted by 4mi reveal important information about the experiences - including significant risks - that people face on routes within the continent.

Though much African migration is regular and takes places within Africa itself, the newly published evidence underscores the monumental risks that migrants can face on their journeys, and just how little we know about them.

"When people don't have access to legal migration routes and few reliable records exist, would-be migrants face vulnerability at the hands of human traffickers and smugglers," said Dr. Frank Laczko, Director of IOM's Data Analysis Centre in Berlin, where the Missing Migrants Project is based.

Many of the deaths recorded by the Missing Migrants Project are concentrated on routes used by smugglers. Most migration deaths reported within Africa appear to have occurred while migrants are en route to Libya: deaths recorded since 2014 are predominately in the Sahara Desert, northern Niger, southern Libya, and northern Sudan.

(...)

Läs mer (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Arkiveringsdatum 181125:

UNHCR 18-11-06:

2,000 lives and counting: Mediterranean death toll in 2018 till sidans topp

Some 17 people have been found dead this week off the Spanish coast, meaning that the number of lives lost on the Mediterranean this year has now exceeded 2,000. UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, has called repeatedly for urgent action to address this situation. The Mediterranean has for several years been the world's deadliest sea route for refugees and migrants. That it continues to be so, should be unacceptable to all.

Around 100,000 asylum seekers and migrants have reached Europe so far this year, representing a return to pre-2014 levels. However, the 2,000 drownings mean that the rate of deaths, particularly in the Central Mediterranean, has escalated sharply. In September, one life was lost for every eight people who crossed. This was in large part due to substantially reduced search and rescue capacity.

In light of this, UNHCR continues to be very concerned about the legal and logistical restrictions that have been placed on a number of NGOs wishing to conduct search and rescue (SAR) operations, including the Aquarius. These have had the cumulative effect of the Central Mediterranean currently having no NGO vessels conducting SAR.

Should NGO rescue operations on the Mediterranean cease entirely we risk returning to the same dangerous context we saw after Italy's Mare Nostrum naval operation ended in 2015 and hundreds of people died in an incident on the central Mediterannean Sea.

UNHCR welcomes the rescue efforts of the Libyan Coast Guard (LCG), as without them more lives would have been lost. Nonetheless, with the LCG now having assumed primary responsibility for search and rescue coordination in an area that extends to around 100 miles, the LCG needs further support. Any vessel with the capability to assist search and rescue operations should be allowed to come to the aid of those in need.

UNHCR reiterates that people rescued in international waters (i.e. beyond the 12 nautical miles of the territorial waters of Libya) should not be brought back to Libya where conditions are not safe.

(...)

Läs mer (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Frontex 18-11-13:

Migratory flows in October: Down by a third, Spain accounts for 60% of detections till sidans topp

In the first ten months of 2018, the number of illegal border crossings into the EU fell by 31% from a year ago to about 118 900, mainly because of lower migratory pressure in the Central Mediterranean. Two months before the end of the year, 2018 is on track to see the lowest number of illegal border crossings since 2013.

In October, some 16 000 illegal border crossings were detected on the main migratory routes into the EU, close to the figure from the same month of last year.

Western Mediterranean

Last month, the Western Mediterranean migratory route accounted for nearly 60% of all detections of illegal borders crossings into the EU. The number of migrants reaching Europe via this route reached nearly 9 400 in October, more than twice the number from the same month of last year.

In the first ten months of 2018, close to 45 900 irregular migrants arrived through the Western Mediterranean route, more than double the figure from the same period a year ago.

Nationals of Morocco, Guinea and Mali accounted for the highest number of irregular migrants crossing this route this year.

Eastern Mediterranean

In October, the number of irregular migrants taking the Eastern Mediterranean route stood at 5 700, nearly the same as in October 2017. Because of a significant increase of illegal crossings in recent months on the land border with Turkey, the total number of migrants detected on the Eastern Mediterranean route in the first ten months of the year rose by 37% to around 47 100. The increase at the sea border was lower.

The largest number of migrants on this route so far this year were nationals of Syria and Iraq, although for the second consecutive month Afghans accounted for the most monthly arrivals.

(...)

Läs mer (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Arkiveringsdatum 181018:

UNHCR 18-10-02:

Statistik om flyktingar och asylsökande i norra Europa till sidans topp

Hur många asylsökande anlände till de olika länderna i norra Europa i år - och hur många anlände förra året? Vilka är dem och var kommer de ifrån? Hur många fick skydd under 2017 och hur många så kallade kvotflyktingar anlände under vidarebosättningsprogrammet?

De här senaste faktabladen från UNHCR i norra Europa - som täcker Danmark, Estland, Finland, Island, Lettland, Litauen, Norge och Sverige - ger en överblick av statistiken från 2017 om asylsökande, flyktingar och statslösa personer i regionen. Faktabladen också visar siffrorna för ankomster, vidarebosättning, procent och totalt antal personer som getts skydd, samt antalet personer som de senaste fem åren och de första sex månaderna under 2018 ansökt om asyl i de olika länderna.

Ladda ned faktablad (Extern länk)

Se även:

EASO 18-10-11: Asylum applications remain stable in the EU throughout summer months (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

IOM 18-10-12:

IOM Releases Global Migration Indicators Report 2018 till sidans topp

Prepared by IOM's Global Migration Data Analysis Centre (GMDAC), the Global Migration Indicators Report 2018 summarizes key global migration trends based on the latest statistics, showcasing 21 indicators across 17 migration topics.

The report is based on statistics from a variety of sources, which can be easily accessed through IOM's Global Migration Data Portal.

The report compiles the most up-to-date statistics on topics including labour migration, refugees, international students, remittances, migrant smuggling, migration governance and many others, enabling policy-makers and the public alike to have an overview of the scale and dynamics of migration around the world.

Moreover, the report is the first to link the global migration governance agenda with a discussion of migration data. The topics chosen are of particular relevance to the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GCM) and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The report discusses the state of play of data for each topic and suggests ways to improve this.

"While the GCM and the SDGs provide important frameworks to improve how we govern migration, more accurate and reliable data across migration topics is needed to take advantage of this opportunity. This report provides an overview of what we know and do not know about global migration trends," said Frank Laczko, Director of IOM's Global Migration Data Analysis Centre (GMDAC).

"The international community has taken steps to strengthen collection and management of migration data, but more needs to be done. A solid evidence base is key to inform national policies on migration and will be needed more than ever in light of the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration," said Antonio Vitorino, the new Director General of the International Organization for Migration.

Artikeln med länk till rapporten (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Arkiveringsdatum 180831:

Frontex 18-08-13:

Migratory flows in July: Total number drops, Spain accounts for half of detections till sidans topp

In the first seven months of 2018, the number of irregular border crossings into the EU via the top four migratory routes fell by 43 per cent from a year ago to about 73 500, mainly because of lower migratory pressure on the Central Mediterranean route.

In July, some 14 900 irregular crossings were detected on the main migratory routes into the EU, 18% fewer than in the same month of last year.

Western Mediterranean

Last month, the Western Mediterranean migratory route accounted for more than half of all detections of illegal borders crossings into the EU. The number of migrants reaching Spain quadrupled from a year ago to nearly 8 800 in July.

In the first seven months of 2018, there were some 23 100 irregular border crossings on the Western Mediterranean route, more than double the figure from a year ago.

Nationals of Morocco, Guinea and Mali accounted for the highest number of arrivals in Spain this year. Migrants from sub-Saharan countries represented more than three-quarters of all detections on this route.

Eastern Mediterranean

In July, the number of irregular migrants taking the Eastern Mediterranean route stood at some 4 000, 17% fewer than in the previous month. But largely because of a significant increase of irregular crossings in recent months on the land borders with Turkey, the total number of migrants detected on the Eastern Mediterranean route in the first seven months of the year rose by three-quarters to around 29 500.

The largest number of migrants on this route so far this year were nationals of Syria and Iraq, although Afghans accounted for the largest number in July.

Central Mediterranean

(...)

Läs mer (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

UNHCR 18-08-29:

Millions of refugee children going without schooling, UNHCR report shows till sidans topp

Four million refugee children do not attend school, UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, says in a report released today. This is an increase of half a million of out-of-school refugee children in just one year.

The report, Turn the Tide: Refugee Education in Crisis, shows that, despite the efforts of governments, UNHCR and its partners, enrolment of refugee children in school is failing to keep pace with the growing refugee population. By the end of 2017, there were more than 25.4 million refugees around the world, 19.9 million of them under UNHCR's mandate. More than half - 52 per cent - were children. Among them, 7.4 million were of school age.

"Education is a way to help children heal, but it is also key to rebuilding their countries," said Filippo Grandi, UN High Commissioner for Refugees. "Without education, the future of these children and their communities will be irrevocably damaged."

Only 61 per cent of refugee children attend primary school, compared to 92 per cent of children globally.

As refugee children get older, this gap grows. Nearly two thirds of refugee children who go to primary school do not make it to secondary school. In total, 23 per cent of refugee children attend secondary school, compared to 84 per cent of children globally.

At tertiary level, the gap becomes a chasm. Globally, enrolment in higher education stands at 37 per cent, while only one per cent of refugees have the same opportunity - a figure that has not changed in three years.

"School is the first place in months or even years where refugee children find any normality," adds Grandi. "Based on current patterns, unless urgent investment is undertaken, hundreds of thousands more children will join these disturbing statistics."

(...)

Hela pressmeddelandet (Extern länk)

Hämta rapporten (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Arkiveringsdatum 180819:

EASO July 2018:

Number of asylum applications lodged in EU in early summer remains stable till sidans topp

Recent analyses released by the European Asylum Support Office (EASO) reveal that the number of applications for international protection lodged in the EU+ in June 2018 registered a slight decrease compared to the previous month i. Approximately 51 300 applications were lodged in June; about 1 600 fewer than in May, while in the first half of 2018, some 301 390 applications were lodged in the EU+, a 15% decrease compared to the first half of 2017 ii.

The main countries of origin of applicants in June were Syria, Afghanistan, Iraq, Pakistan and Nigeria. Of these, Syrians and Afghans lodged slightly fewer applications, whereas nationals of Iraq (+182, +6%) and Pakistan (+303, +14%) lodged more applications than in May. During the reporting period, Venezuelan applicants, which have steadily increased over the first five months of 2018, lodged fewer applications than in May (-921, -30%), although monthly applications remained at a much higher level (+67%) than at the beginning of the year.

Other countries with fewer applicants were Bangladesh (-283, -20%), Colombia (-269, -19%) and Somalia (-243, -21%). Of note was a rise in applications by Turkish nationals in June, with 2,157 applications lodged (+32% compared to May), the highest level since the EPS data exchange was established, and rising for the third successive month. Sudanese applicants also lodged more applications (+216, + 36%).

The overall EU+ recognition rate for decisions issued in the January-June period was 32%, down from 42% during the same period of 2017. Positive decisions more often granted refugee status (63%) than subsidiary protection (37%). Among citizenships with the most decisions issued iii, the highest recognition rates were for nationals of Syria (86%), Eritrea (83%) and Stateless applicants (60%).

(...)

Hela pressmeddelandet (Extern länk)

Se även:

Latest asylum trends - innehåller mer statistik, diagram över sökande och beslut samt information om ursprungsländer (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Arkiveringsdatum 180718:

ECRE 18-06-29:

Global resettlement needs on the rise, while opportunities decline till sidans topp

UNHCR has recently published its "Projected Global Resettlement Needs in 2019", which reveals a widening gap between the number of refugees in need of resettlement and the places made available by governments around the world. According to the report, 1.4 million people are expected to be in need of resettlement in 2019, a 17% increase from 2018 levels, while the number of resettlement places dropped to 75,000 in 2017.

The report notes that currently 35 countries take part in UNHCR's resettlement programme. Africa remains the region with the highest projected resettlement needs with an estimated 629,744 refugees in need of resettlement. Refugees from Syria and the DRC made up two-thirds of the refugees submitted for resettlement by UNHCR in 2017.

In the region of Europe including Turkey, Russia, Ukraine, Balkans and Caucasus the total resettlement needs have increased by almost 40 per cent from the previous year, reaching 420,750 persons projected to be in need of resettlement in 2019. Over 95 per cent of the needs are represented by Syrian refugees in Turkey, which also account for the vast majority of the increase in needs.

With this report, UNHCR also reiterated its appeal to countries to take in more refugees with protection needs from a diverse range of countries and to commit over a sustained basis.

"Resettlement is not only a critical lifeline for some of the most vulnerable people on the planet, it's also a tangible way governments and communities can better share responsibility for the global displacement crisis", affirmed the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Filippo Grandi.

(...)

Hela artikeln med länkar till källor (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Arkiveringsdatum 180625:

EASO 18-06-18:

EU consolidates recovery from migration crisis - Significant decrease in applications till sidans topp

On 18 June 2018, the European Asylum Support Office (EASO) released its 2017 Annual Report on the Situation of Asylum in the European Union. In 2017, there were 728,470 applications for international protection in the EU. This figure represents a decrease of 44% compared to 2016, when there were almost 1.3 million applications, while provisional data for early 2018 (January - April) shows that application levels have stabilised at an average of less than 50,000 per month.

Throughout 2017, migratory pressure at the EU external borders remained high, but decreased for a second consecutive year, mostly on the eastern and central Mediterranean routes, whereas there was an unprecedented upsurge on the western Mediterranean route. While overall the number of asylum applications registered in 2017 dropped, some countries still noted considerable increases. Syria (15%), Iraq (7%) and Afghanistan (7%) remained the top three countries of origin of applicants in the EU+. These were followed by Nigeria, Pakistan, Eritrea, Albania, Bangladesh, Guinea and Iran.

With respect to the number of pending cases, at the end of 2017 there were 954,100 applications awaiting a final decision, which represents a decrease of 16% over the end of 2016. This reflects the lower number of applications and suggesting greater efficiency in the asylum systems of Member States and the Common European Asylum System (CEAS). At the same time, the number of cases awaiting a decision at second or higher instance (appeal) more than doubled since the end of 2016, indicating a clear shift in case processing towards second instance.

Of all the first instance decisions issued in 2017, nearly 50% (462,355 out of 996,685 decisions) were positive. This recognition rate was 14 percentage points lower than in 2016. While the overall number of decisions decreased by 13% over 2016, reflecting a lower number of applications lodged, the amount of negative decisions actually increased from 449,910 in 2016 to 534,330 in 2017.

(...)

Läs mer och hämta rapporten på engelska eller sammanfattning på svenska (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

UNHCR 18-06-19:

Forced displacement above 68m in 2017, new global deal on refugees critical till sidans topp

Wars, other violence and persecution drove worldwide forced displacement to a new high in 2017 for the fifth year in a row, led by the crisis in Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan's war, and the flight into Bangladesh from Myanmar of hundreds of thousands of Rohingya refugees. Overwhelmingly it is developing countries that are most affected.

In its annual Global Trends report, released today, UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency said 68.5 million people were displaced as of the end of 2017. Among them were 16.2 million people who became displaced during 2017 itself, either for the first time or repeatedly - indicating a huge number of people on the move and equivalent to 44,500 people being displaced each day, or a person becoming displaced every two seconds.

Refugees who have fled their countries to escape conflict and persecution accounted for 25.4 million of the 68.5 million. This is 2.9 million more than in 2016, also the biggest increase UNHCR has seen in a single year. Asylum-seekers, who were still awaiting the outcome of their claims to refugee status as of 31 December 2017, meanwhile rose by around 300,000 to 3.1 million. People displaced inside their own country accounted for 40 million of the total, slightly fewer than the 40.3 million in 2016.

In short, the world had almost as many forcibly displaced people in 2017 as the population of Thailand. Across all countries, one in every 110 persons is someone displaced.

(...)

Läs mer och hämta rapporten (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Arkiveringsdatum 180605:

Europarådets mr-kommissionär 18-05-29:

Europe's duty to internally displaced persons till sidans topp

"People are forced to leave their homes for different reasons, ranging from war and violence to natural disasters and climate change. However, this does not always entail the crossing of an internationally recognised border. Even if they do not leave their country, people who flee their homes are still very much in need of protection", says Dunja Mijatovic, Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights, in her first Human Rights Comment published today.

"This year marks the 20th anniversary of the United Nations Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement, a comprehensive set of international standards addressing the rights of internally displaced persons (IDPs). The anniversary should prompt states to give serious attention to their needs."

(...)

"By the end of 2017, there were close to 4 million IDPs in Europe, mostly in Ukraine, Turkey, Azerbaijan, Cyprus, Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. While the current patterns of internal displacement in Europe have mainly resulted from conflicts - some of which date back to the 1990s - and instability, some cases of displacement have emanated from the impact of natural disasters and climate change, for example in Italy following the earthquakes in 2016, and in Bosnia and Herzegovina due to floods in 2014."

Läs artikeln i sin helhet (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

IOM 18-06-01:

Country profiles published on Migration data portal till sidans topp

On 25 May, MGI country profiles for 12 countries were published on the Migration Data Portal with the aim of sharing best practices, but also to better understand common challenges. Besides the 12 country profiles published today, another 27 profiles will be published on the Migration Data Portal in the coming months.

The profiles summarize the key findings from a set of approximately 90 indicators. These are based on the six policy areas that IOM considers to be the building blocks of effective migration governance as defined in the Migration Governance Framework (MiGOF), the first and so far only definition of well-managed migration policy.

Pressmeddelandet i sin helhet (Extern länk)

Se data i interaktiva kartor (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

ECRE 18-06-02:

Return continues to Afghanistan in crisis till sidans topp

According to the International Organization for Migration (IOM) 285.000 Afghans have returned from Iran over the last five month constituting a 150.000 increase from the same period last year. 12,000 undocumented Afghans have returned or been deported from Pakistan since the beginning of the year, and 8,000 Afghans were deported from Turkey in April and early May. They return to an unstable country defined by armed conflict, lack of protection of civilians and poverty and with 360,000 people internally displaced in 2017.

More than 600,000 Afghans returned or were deported from Iran and Pakistan in 2017 and the pattern continues. Estimates from IOM suggest that 30 percent of returnees are in need of life-saving humanitarian assistance but available funding only covers 7 percent. Italy have donated 1. Million Euros to assist returnees in Herat and Nimroz provinces, bordering Iran described by Italian Ambassador to Afghanistan Roberto Cantone as "extremely poor and in need of protection, humanitarian and reintegration support. Among them there are people who have been victims of violence or whose rights have been violated during arrest and detention."

The latest annual report from United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) illustrates the volatile security situation in Afghanistan with 10,453 civilian casualties (3,438 deaths and 7,015 injured) in 2017 and according to the World Bank country overview: "A surge in returnees from Iran and Pakistan (over 296,000 in 2017) has brought mounting pressure on humanitarian assistance."

(...)

Artikeln med länkar till källor (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Arkiveringsdatum 180528:

IOM 18-05-15:

Mediterranean migrant arrivals reach 25,338 in 2018; deaths reach 628 till sidans topp

IOM, the UN Migration Agency, reports that 25,338 migrants and refugees entered Europe by sea through the first 19 weeks of 2018, with about 41 per cent arriving in Italy and 38 per cent to Greece, with the remainder (21%) arriving in Spain.

This compares with 54,324 arrivals across the region through the same period last year and about 188,000 at this time in 2016.

In other words: Mediterranean arrivals at this point in 2018 are running at under half last year's level on this date, and about 13 per cent of 2016's arrivals at this point in the year.

IOM Rome's Flavio Di Giacomo noted that the 10,300 migrants who are registered as having arrived by sea to Italy this year is an amount 77 per cent less than that reported last year in the same period, when 45,124 irregular migrants and refugees arrived in Italy and a 67 per cent decline from the 31,246 arriving to this point in 2016 (see chart below).

Di Giacomo added that almost 500 migrants were rescued at sea last Saturday (12 May) during six operations carried out by Italian and international ships. Some migrants arrived from Libya, others from Tunisia.

He noted that in one case, rescuers provided support to a two-deck wooden boat carrying 180 people. The boat had left from Kekhenna (Tunisia) on Friday night, and was rescued by a ship of the Italian Coast Guard and one of Carabinieri a few miles off Lampedusa. Migrants reported to IOM staff to have paid EUR 1,200 for the sea crossing, and that they had been ferried out by smugglers to the larger "mother ship" waiting for them in open water.

According to these witnesses, some migrants saw that the boat was overloaded and subsequently changed their minds about embarking - but the smugglers then used violence to force them on board.

(...)

Läs mer (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Frontex 18-05-21:

Migratory flows in April: Overall drop, but more detections in Greece and Spain till sidans topp

In April, some 10 500 irregular border crossings were detected on the main migratory routes into the EU, down a third from the same month of last year.

In the first four months of 2018, the total number of irregular border crossings dropped 44% compared to a year ago to about 29 700, mainly because of lower migratory pressure on the Central Mediterranean route.

Central Mediterranean

The number of migrants arriving in Italy via the Central Mediterranean route in April fell to about 2 800, down 78% from April 2017. The total number of migrants detected on this route in the first four months of 2018 fell to roughly 9 400, down three-quarters from a year ago.

So far this year, Tunisians and Eritreans were the two most represented nationalities on this route, together accounting for almost 40% of all the detected migrants.

Eastern Mediterranean

In April, the number of irregular migrants taking the Eastern Mediterranean route stood at some 6 700, two-thirds more than in the previous month. In the first four months of this year, more than 14 900 migrants entered the EU through the Eastern Mediterranean route, 92% more than in the same period of last year. The increase was mainly caused by the rise of irregular crossings on the land borders with Turkey. In April the number of migrants detected at the land borders on this route has exceeded the detections on the Greek islands in the Aegean Sea.

The largest number of migrants on this route in the first four months of the year were nationals of Syria and Iraq.

Western Mediterranean

(...)

Läs mer (Extern länk)

 till innehållsförteckningen innehåll

Källor: Informationen på denna sida är hämtad från följande källor (externa länkar): EU (kommissionen, ministerrådet, parlamentet och domstolen), Europarådet (mr-kommissionären, domstolen, kommittén mot tortyr), FN:s flyktingkommissariat UNHCR, FN:s kommitté mot tortyr m.fl. FN-organ, svenska media via Eniro och pressmeddelanden via Newsdesk, utländska media främst via I Care och IRR, internationella organisationer som Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, ECRE, ENAR, Statewatch, Noborder och Picum, organisationer i Sverige som Rädda Barnen, Röda Korset, Svenska Amnesty, FARR, Rosengrenska och InfoTorg Juridik (betaltjänst) samt myndigheter och politiska organ som Migrationsverket, Sveriges domstolar, JO, Justitiedepartementet m.fl. departement och Sveriges Riksdag.

Bevakning: Josefin Åström, Hjalte Lagercrantz, Karin Nilsson Kelly, Sanna Vestin. Sammanställning: Sanna Vestin. Asylnytt är ett ideellt projekt.