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Nya regler och lagförslag

Flyktinggrupper, landpraxis

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Asylutredning och procedur

Skäl för och emot tillstånd

Tvång, hot och deportationer

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Arkivet har startat om och saknar material från perioden 180119 - 180513

Arkiveringsdatum 190826:

Frontex 19-08-13:

Migratory situation in July - Arrivals in Europe up slightly from previous month till sidans topp

In July, the number of detections of illegal border crossings on Europe's main migratory routes rose 4% from the previous month to around 10 500. Overall, the total for the first seven months of 2019 was 30% lower than a year ago at around 54 300.

Eastern Mediterranean

The Eastern Mediterranean remained the busiest migratory route into Europe with nearly 5 800 detections in July 2019*.

In the first seven months of this year, the total number of detections in this region was down 6% from a year ago to almost 28 200. Despite the overall decrease, the number of arrivals on the Greek islands in the Aegean increased by a quarter in comparison with the same period of last year.

Most of the migrants detected on this route were nationals of Afghanistan.

Western Mediterranean

The number of irregular migrants taking the Western Mediterranean Sea route in July rose 22% from the previous month to almost 2 900.

The total for the January-July period stood at around 13 000, 41% less than in the same period of last year.

Migrants from sub-Saharan Africa accounted for the largest number of detected migrants on this route in the first seven months of 2019.

Central Mediterranean

The number of migrants passing through the Central Mediterranean in July stood at around 1 100.

The total for the first seven months of the year reached nearly 4 900, slightly more than a quarter of the total from the same period of last year.

Nationals of Tunisia, Sudan and Pakistan were the most represented nationalities on this route in the January-July period.

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IOM 19-08-06: Mediterranean migrant arrivals reach 39,289 in 2019; Deaths reach 840 (Extern länk)

AYS 19-08-05: Boat Arrivals and Interceptions to Greece highest since 2015 (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 190703:

EASO 19-06-24:

Applications for asylum down to pre-crisis levels, but pending cases remains high till sidans topp

Asylum applications in the EU+ decreased for the third consecutive year in 2018, returning to pre-crisis levels. Despite an increase in applications in the first five months of 2019, it remains too early to be indicative of a significant long-term shift in recent trends.

The European Asylum Support Office (EASO) launched its 2018 Annual Report on the Situation of Asylum in the EU+ in Brussels, on 24 June 2019. The Report is a flagship reference publication that aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the situation of asylum in the EU+ and the practical functioning of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS).

As reported by EASO earlier this year, the 664 480 applications for international protection in the EU+ in 2018 marked a decrease for the third consecutive year, this time by 10%. Approximately 9% of these applications involved repeated applicants. While the number of applications remained remarkably stable throughout 2018, the relative stability at EU+ level conceals stark variation between Member States and between individual citizenships.

The total EU+ recognition rate in first instance in 2018 was 39%, decreasing by 7 percentage points over the previous year. Although fewer positive decisions were issued overall, a higher proportion of positive decisions granted refugee status (55% of positive decisions).

Syria (13%), Afghanistan and Iraq (7% each) were the three main countries of origin of applicants in the EU+ in 2018. The top 10 citizenships of origin also included Pakistan, Nigeria, Iran, Turkey (4% each), Venezuela, Albania and Georgia (3% each). In 2018, close to one fifth of all applications were lodged by nationals from countries exempt from visa requirements to enter the Schengen Area, including Venezuelans, Colombians, Albanians and Georgians.

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University of Bristol 19-06-28:

Lack of data on missing migrant children leads to gaps in protection till sidans topp

A new report highlights the need for better data on migrant deaths and disappearances, particularly those of missing migrant children.

This year's Fatal Journeys 4 report, by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and co-edited by University of Bristol academic Ann Singleton, focuses on missing migrant children, giving the growing number embarking on dangerous migrant journeys.

According to IOM data, nearly 1,600 children have been reported dead or missing since 2014, though many more go unrecorded.

Ann Singleton, Senior Research Fellow in the School for Policy Studies, said: "Children dying or disappearing during migration should be a concern to everyone. There is an urgent need for better policies and action, informed by better data, to prevent these deaths and protect children."

Since 2014, IOM's Missing Migrants Project has recorded the deaths of more than 32,000 people worldwide. These figures are likely to be much lower than the real number of deaths, given that many bodies are never found or identified.

Other key findings in the report include:

Between 2014 and 2018, more than 17,900 people died or went missing in the Mediterranean-the remains of almost two thirds of those victims have not been recovered.

Despite the conflict in Yemen, people continue to attempt the sea crossing from the Horn of Africa across the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden: at least 125 people drowned off the shores of Yemen in 2018, compared with 53 in 2017.

Of almost 2,200 deaths recorded during migration in South-East Asia between 2014 and 2018, at least 1,723 were Rohingya.

Most of the 288 deaths recorded in South Asia since 2014 were of Afghan migrants.

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ECRE 19-06-28:

Decrease in applications and negative public attitudes in Visegrád Four till sidans topp

A report from the project, Visegrád Countries National Integration Evaluation Mechanism (V4/NIEM) reveals a stagnating number of beneficiaries of international protection (BIPs) in Visegrad 4 countries, and a significant drop in applications in Hungary and Poland since 2016. Further, the report confirms that negative public attitudes towards foreigners prevail.

The Visegrad 4 countries have seen a stagnation or decrease of granted international protection statuses and in 2018 the modest numbers were: Slovakia (5 excluding Subsidiary protection), Czech Republic (165), Poland (404) and Hungary (349). Further, the number of new applications in Hungary and Poland continue to drop significantly - in Hungary from 29,432 in 2016 to 671 in 2018 and in Poland from 12,350 in 2016 to 4141 in 2018.

The report also reveals negative attitudes and a lack of knowledge in the public of foreigners originating from countries outside the EU. While the average share of EU citizens with negative or fairly negative attitudes towards foreigners from countries outside the EU stands at 53 per cent the number in Poland it is 64 percent, in Hungary 75 percent in Slovakia 81 per cent, and in Czech Republic 86 per cent. The negative attitudes correlates with more than half of the populations feeling inadequately informed about the topic. The lack of knowledge illustrated by disproportionate estimates of the number of foreigners in Visegrad countries with populations in Poland and Slovakia guessing more than ten times the actual number: "The fact that the citizens of V4 countries overestimate the numbers of non-EU foreigners living in their countries so significantly shows how little our imagination has to do with reality, and how much of a role media and political discourse plays in the creation of public knowledge", said Ond?ej Novotn?, coordinator of the V4/NIEM project.

Furthermore the report informs about the integration mechanism of BIPs, drawing on data from a broader NIEM comparative report, and about the current political trends regarding the refugee agenda.

Artikeln med länkar till källor och ytterligare information (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 190620:

UNHCR 19-06-19:

Antalet människor på flykt når 70 miljoner - UNHCR uppmanar till solidaritet till sidans topp

Antalet människor på flykt undan krig, förföljelse och konflikter översteg 70 miljoner 2018. Det är den högsta nivån som UNHCR, FN:s flyktingorgan, sett på 70 år.

Siffror från den årliga rapporten Globala trender som släpps idag, visar att 70,8 miljoner människor tvingats lämna sina hem. För att sätta detta i ett perspektiv, så är det dubbelt så många som för 20 år sedan, 2,3 miljoner fler än för ett år sedan, och det motsvarar en mängd människor mellan befolkningsmängden i Thailand och Turkiet.

70,8 miljoner är lågt räknat, i synnerhet eftersom krisen i Venezuela endast delvis återspeglas i denna siffra. Sammanlagt har cirka 4 miljoner venezuelaner lämnat sitt land vilket innebär att det är en av världens största flyktingkriser just nu. Trots att majoriteten behöver internationellt flyktingskydd har i dagsläget endast omkring en halv miljon formellt ansökt om asyl.

"Vad vi ser med dessa siffror är ytterligare bekräftelse på en stigande långsiktig trend i antal människor som behöver skydd från krig, konflikter och förföljelse. Trots att språket som används om flyktingar och migranter ofta är negativt ser vi också otroligt mycket generositet och solidaritet, speciellt i samhällen som redan tagit emot många flyktingar. Vi ser också ett engagemang utan motstycke från nya aktörer, däribland biståndsaktörer, privata företag och individer, vilket inte bara återspeglar utan också skapar andan av det Globala Avtalet om Flyktingar", säger FN:s flyktingkommissarie Filippo Grandi. "Vi måste bygga vidare på dessa positiva exempel och fördubbla solidariteten med de många tusentals oskyldiga människor som tvingas fly sina hem varje dag."

Det finns tre huvudgrupper bland de 70,8 miljoner från rapporten Globala Trender. Den första är flyktingar, alltså människor som tvingas fly från sina länder på grund av konflikter, krig och förföljelse. 2018 fanns det 25,9 miljoner flyktingar runt om i världen, 500 000 fler än 2017. Av dessa var 5,5 miljoner Palestinaflyktingar under beskydd av FN:s hjälporganisation för Palestinaflyktingar (UNRWA).

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Arkiveringsdatum 190610:

Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre / Reliefweb 19-05-10:

Global Report on Internal Displacement 2019 till sidans topp

Internal displacement is a global challenge, but it is also heavily concentrated in a few countries and triggered by few events. 28 million new internal displacements associated with conflict and disasters across 148 countries and territories were recorded in 2018, with nine countries each accounting for more than a million.

41.3 million people were estimated to be living in internal displacement as a result of conflict and violence in 55 countries as of the end of the year, the highest figure ever recorded. Three-quarters, or 30.9 million people, were located in only ten countries.

Protracted crises, communal violence and unresolved governance challenges were the main factors behind 10.8 million new displacements associated with conflict and violence. Ethiopia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and Syria accounted for more than half of the global figure.

Newly emerging crises forced millions to flee, from Cameroon's anglophone conflict to waves of violence in Nigeria's Middle Belt region and unprecedented conflict in Ethiopia. Displacement also continued despite peace efforts in the Central African Republic, South Sudan and Colombia.

Many IDPs remain unaccounted for. Figures for DRC, Myanmar, Pakistan, Sudan and Yemen are considered underestimates, and data is scarce for Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Russia, Turkey and Venezuela. This prevents an accurate assessment of the true scale of internal displacement in these countries. ||Estimating returns continues to be a major challenge.

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IOM 19-05-21:

A third of Afghans have migrated or been displaced since 2012 till sidans topp

One in three Afghans has migrated or been displaced in the past six years, according to a new Displacement Tracking Matrix report published by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) in Afghanistan.

The Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) is a system that captures information on the movements and evolving needs of displaced populations, whether on site or en route. In the most recent round of data collection completed in December 2018, IOM covered 11,443 communities in 390 districts of all 34 provinces of Afghanistan.

The study found that since 2012, 3.2 million Afghan migrants and refugees have returned from abroad. The vast majority (95%) returned from neighbouring Iran and Pakistan. The remaining 5 per cent came mainly Europe and Turkey (170,000).

While they settled in all 34 provinces, many of them (15% or 49,000) stayed in the eastern province of Nangarhar on the border with Pakistan.

"Providing these returnees with economic opportunities is a key driver for their successful reintegration," said Head of IOM Afghanistan Laurence Hart. "This is why IOM, with the financial support of the European Union, has been actively engaging in the creation of self-employment opportunities and private sector support in areas of high return, including Nangarhar."

Over the same six-year period, 3.5 million Afghans were internally displaced due to armed conflict, generalized violence, human rights violations or natural disasters. In 2016 and 2017 alone, an estimated over a million Afghans were displaced each year, based on IOM interviews.

"According to a recent UN report, 2018 also saw a record high in civilian casualties in Afghanistan - another key driver of displacement," Hart noted.

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Norwegian Refugee Council 19-06-05:

The world's most neglected displacement crises till sidans topp

Millions of people affected by humanitarian crises fail to get the support they need and deserve. Only by drawing attention to these crises can we create change.

Every year, the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) publishes a list of the ten most neglected displacement crises in the world. This is the list for 2018.

Although humanitarian assistance should be based on needs, and needs alone, some crises receive much more attention and support than others. Why is one person's suffering an international priority - resulting in conferences, mediation efforts and donations - while another person's suffering, in another part of the world, goes unnoticed?

This neglect can be a result of a lack of geopolitical interest. Or the people affected may seem too far away and too difficult to identify with. Neglect can also be a result of competing political priorities and a lack of willingness to compromise, creating a protracted crisis and growing donor fatigue.

Our goal, in issuing this list, is to focus on the plight of people whose suffering rarely makes international headlines. People whom politicians have forgotten or disregarded. People who currently do not receive the support and protection they deserve and need.

We believe that more information and knowledge about these people, and the crises surrounding them, is a first important step towards change.

We have created our list based on the following three criteria: lack of political will, lack of media attention and lack of economic support. All* displacement crises resulting in more than 200,000 displaced people have been analysed - 36 crises in total.

List of the most neglected displacement crises. 1. Cameroon 2. The Democratic Republic of the Congo 3. The Central African Republic 4. Burundi 5. Ukraine 6. Venezuela 7. Mali 8. Libya 9. Ethiopia 10. Palestine

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Arkiveringsdatum 190517:

UNHCR 19-05-10:

More people displaced inside their own countries than ever before till sidans topp

More people displaced inside their own countries than ever before. A record 41.3 million people were displaced within their own countries because of conflict and violence at the end of 2018, according to the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre's annual global report released today. IDMC recorded 28 million new internal displacements in 2018, 10.8 million of which were linked to conflict and violence. Ongoing conflicts in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Syria, and a rise in intercommunal tensions in Ethiopia, Cameroon and Nigeria triggered most of the new displacements. Another 17.2 million new displacements were associated with disasters, the majority of them caused by extreme weather events. Increasing numbers of internally displaced people suggested the more global crises were long-lasting, said Alexandra Bilak, IDCM's director. "Unresolved internal displacement has all sorts of knock-on effects - one of them being that IDPs today could become refugees tomorrow," she told Reuters.

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EASO 19-05-14:

Nationals with visa-free access lodge over a quarter of asylum applications in EU+ till sidans topp

Applications for international protection from Latin American countries continue to increase.

In March 2019, applications for international protection in the EU+ were significantly higher than a year ago, at 58 778 (+20 % compared to March 2018). This increase is partly due to the highest recorded number of applications by nationals exempt from visa requirements to enter the Schengen area, which constituted more than 28 % of all applications lodged in March.

Within this group, nationals of Venezuela (2nd), Colombia (5th), Albania (9th) and Georgia (10th) were among the top ten countries of origin of applicants in the EU+ in the reporting period.

Latin-American countries of origin continue to be a focus due to their steady rise in terms of applications lodged. The European Asylum Support Office (EASO) recently reported that applications from this region had reached a record.

With 4 304 applications lodged in March, Venezuela was the second main country of origin for a second consecutive month, following Syria (5 336 applications). The number of Venezuelan applications in March translates into a record number for the country after the one already set in February (3 995). Over the past six months, some 43 % of Venezuelan applicants received international protection in the first-instance, even though for many others the decisions remain pending.

Colombian nationals also lodged an unprecedented high number of applications for international protection in the EU+. In March, Colombian applications totalled more than 2 551, a 32 % increase compared to February, and the third consecutive month with increasing applications. The recognition rate for Colombian nationals remained much lower compared to Venezuelans, at 11 % over the past six months, even though the number of first-instance decisions issued was very low.

In addition to Venezuelans and Colombians, there were also increases in applications by other Latin-American nationalities, such as Salvadorians, Nicaraguans, Hondurans and Peruvians, although at a lower scale.

Pressmeddelandet (Extern länk)

Mer statistik från mars / första kvartalet (Extern länk)

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Frontex 19-05-14:

Migratory situation in April - Fewer migrants reach Europe till sidans topp

In April, the number of detections of illegal border crossings on Europe's main migratory routes fell by 19% from the previous month to 4 900, mainly due to a drop in the Eastern Mediterranean. The total for the first four months of 2019 was 27% lower than a year ago at around 24 200.

Eastern Mediterranean

The Eastern Mediterranean route accounted for more than half of irregular migrants detected at EU borders in April. It remained the busiest migratory route into Europe despite lower activity than in March, mainly because of poor weather conditions. The number of migrants taking this route last month fell by one-fourth to 2 940.

In the first four months of this year, the total number of detections in this region fell 18% from a year ago to close to 12 750.

One out of four detected migrants in this route were nationals of Afghanistan, usually arriving by sea. One out of every five was of Turkish nationality, mainly crossing the land border.

Western Mediterranean

The number of irregular migrants taking the Western Mediterranean in April doubled from the previous month to around 900.

The total for the January-April period rose to more than 6 300, or nearly one-third above the figure from the same period of last year.

Nationals of Morocco, Guinea, Mali and Ivory Coast accounted for the largest number of detected migrants on this route in the first four months of 2019.

Central Mediterranean

The number of migrants passing through the Central Mediterranean in April halved from March to slightly more than 200.

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Arkiveringsdatum 190503:

EASO 19-04-15:

Latin-American nationals lodge record numbers of asylum applications in February till sidans topp

Venezuelans were the second most common applicants in the EU+.

In February 2019, some 57 000 applications for international protection were lodged in the EU+. Despite a small decrease compared to the first month of the year, this monthly figure remained higher than the average over the past twelve months, and considerably higher than applications in February 2018 (46 000 applications).

Most applications were lodged by nationals of Syria, Venezuela, Afghanistan, Iraq and Nigeria. These five citizenships together made up one third of all applicants in February.

While most citizenships lodged fewer applications than in previous months, nationals of many Latin-American countries continued to seek international protection in larger numbers. Venezuela became the second main country of origin of applicants in the EU+, with almost 4 000 applications (+51% from January). With few first-instance decisions being issued, the number of Venezuelans awaiting a decision in the first instance also grew considerably and now stands at 33 800.

Colombian applications reached a record high in February with some 1 937 claims (+47% from January), more than tripling the number of applications compared to a year earlier, and becoming the tenth most common nationality of applicants for international protection in the EU+. The number of Nicaraguan applicants also increased substantially, from nine (9) in February 2018, to 616 in February 2019.

Nigerians also lodged increasing numbers of applications for the second consecutive month, following a drop in the latter months of 2018. Nigeria re-entered the top five of countries of origin for the first time since June 2018.

Latest asylum trends (Extern länk)

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EU-kommissionen 19-04-16:

Schengen States issue 14.3 million visas for short stays in 2018 till sidans topp

Statistics published by the European Commission reveal that slightly more than 16 million applications for short-stay visas were lodged at the consulates of the Schengen States in 2018, a very small decrease of 1% compared to 2017. This was driven by a decline in the number of applications in the Russian Federation, which decreased almost 5% to 3.7 million, although Russia remains by far the top source country for Schengen visa applications. The first full year of the visa waiver for Ukrainian nationals holding biometric passports also explained the overall decrease, with applications in Ukraine plummeting by 73% to 190 000. The number of applications lodged in Belarus (680 000, -4.8%), Turkey (880 000, -9.5%) and Algeria (710 000, -8.8%) also showed substantial decreases.

By contrast, strong growth in demand continued in China, with 2.8 million applications representing an increase of 11.3% over 2017. Applications lodged in India surpassed the 1-million-mark for the first time, registering an increase of 17.4% and overtaking Turkey as the third most important source country for Schengen visa applications. Growing numbers of visa applications were also lodged in Morocco (660 000, +7.8%), Saudi Arabia (360 000, +7.6%), Thailand (330 000, +9.3%) and Iran (270 000, +3.3%).

The percentage of applications that were refused varied widely and ranged from less than 2% (Belarus, Indonesia and Russia) to more than 35% (Algeria, Central African Republic, Comoros, DR Congo, Eritrea, Ghana, Guinea, Haiti, Iraq, Nigeria and Senegal). Worldwide, 9.6% of all visa applications were refused, 1.4 percentage points more than in 2017. 58% of visas issued in 2018 allowed for multiple entries into the Schengen area, a similar figure as 2017.

In addition to the 14.3 million visas issued at consulates, in 2018 the Schengen States also issued 66 000 uniform visas at the external borders.

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Arkiveringsdatum 190326:

Frontex 19-03-14:

Migratory situation in February - Poor weather reduces the number of detections till sidans topp

In February, the number of detections of illegal border crossings on Europe's four main migratory routes fell 58% from the previous month to 3 560, in large part due to poor weather conditions in parts of the Mediterranean Sea. The total for the first two months of the year was roughly in line with a year ago at 11 800.

Eastern Mediterranean

The Eastern Mediterranean route accounted for the largest percentage of detections of irregular migrants in February. Nevertheless, the number of migrants on this route fell 31% from the previous month to 2 250. Because of a high number of arrivals in January, the total number of detections on this route rose by one-third in the first two months of 2019 compared to a year ago to almost 5 500.

Two out of every five detected migrants in this corridor were nationals of Afghanistan, usually arriving by sea. One out of every five was of Turkish nationality, mainly crossing the land border.

Western Mediterranean

Rough weather conditions led to an 80% drop in the number of irregular migrants reaching Spain in February to 820. However, due to a high number of arrivals in January, the total for the first two months of 2019 stood at more than 4 900, or 83% above the figure from the same period of last year.

Nationals of Morocco accounted for the largest number of detected migrants on this route.

Central Mediterranean

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Arkiveringsdatum 190318:

UNHCR 19-03-08:

Asylum applications by Venezuelans soar to over 400,000 till sidans topp

As a result of the situation in Venezuela, the number of asylum applications by Venezuelan citizens worldwide has increased exponentially, UNHCR, the UN refugee agency, announced today. Since 2014, over 414,000 asylum claims have been lodged by Venezuelans worldwide, nearly 60 percent of them (248,000), during 2018 alone.

Two thirds of asylum applications by Venezuelans were registered in Latin America and the rest in North America and some European countries.

These figures are provided by national authorities, which are responsible for assessing asylum applications in all countries in the region, and for all issues related to refugee protection and local integration.

UNHCR works closely with national institutions to enhance asylum systems, including registration and documentation, as well as with civil society organizations to provide humanitarian assistance and promote the social, cultural and economic inclusion of refugees.

In the current context of increasing asylum applications by Venezuelan citizens in neighbouring countries, including former security forces personnel, UNHCR reiterates the need to maintain the civilian and humanitarian character of asylum.

The number of asylum applications represents only one part of the total outflow of Venezuelans, which is estimated at over 3.4 million people. In addition to asylum seekers, Latin American countries have granted some 1.3 million residence permits and other forms of regular status to Venezuelans, which allow them access to basic services, including health and education and, in most countries, the right to work.

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UNHCR yyy 19-03-08:

Faktablad om flyktingar och asylsökande i norra Europa till sidans topp

De här senaste faktabladen från UNHCR i norra Europa ger en överblick av statistiken om asylsökande, flyktingar och statslösa personer i regionen.

Hur många asylsökande anlände till de olika länderna i norra Europa förra året?

Vilka är dem och var kommer de ifrån? Hur många fick skydd och hur många så kallade kvotflyktingar anlände under vidarebosättningsprogrammet?

De här senaste faktabladen från UNHCR i norra Europa - som täcker Danmark, Estland, Finland, Island, Lettland, Litauen, Norge och Sverige - ger en överblick av statistiken från 2018 om asylsökande, flyktingar och statslösa personer i regionen.

Faktabladen också visar siffrorna för ankomster, vidarebosättning, procent och totalt antal personer som getts skydd, samt antalet personer som de senaste fem åren ansökt om asyl i de olika länderna.

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IOM 19-03-12:

Nearly half of recent Spain migrant arrivals report exploitation, abuse till sidans topp

According to an International Organization for Migration (IOM) flow monitoring survey of over 1,300 migrants and refugees in Spain last year, nearly half (48%) of those interviewed indicated having at least one direct experience related to human trafficking, exploitation or abuse while traveling on the Western Mediterranean Route. Men - who outnumber women nine to one among those surveyed - reported a higher percentage (49%) of incidents than women (40%).

The survey findings are based on 1,341 interviews with migrants and refugees from 39 countries of origin who arrived in Spain in 2018. The surveys were conducted between July and October 2018 in transit and reception centres in more than 40 Spanish municipalities across four autonomous regions to shed more light on the profile and experiences of those who arrived in the country by sea and by land via the Western Mediterranean route.

That route, in 2018, emerged as the most frequented route to Europe in 2018 with 63,325 arrivals to Spain.

"The results of this survey show an alarming incidence of reported exploitation and abuse of migrants and refugees along the route. It is striking how varied their motivations and experiences are, and we do not always realize the very high levels of vulnerability in play," said Maria Jesus Herrera, IOM Chief of Mission in Spain.

The main countries of origin of the 1,341 survey respondents were Guinea (29%), Mali (19%), Côte d'Ivoire (14%), Cameroon (6%), Senegal (6%), Morocco (5%) and Algeria (4%). These nationalities are also among the top 10 nationals registered in official 2018 statistics. French was reported as a first language spoken by 23 per cent of those interviewed.

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Arkiveringsdatum 190219:

EASO 19-02-13:

Applications return to 2014 levels, decreasing by 10% over previous year till sidans topp

The European Asylum Support Office (EASO) has published its 2018 asylum trends overview. Data shows a lower recognition rate of applications (34% compared to 40% in 2017) and pending cases at less than half of the peak recorded in autumn 2016. While overall applications continued to fall in 2018, citizens from Iran, Turkey, and several visa-liberalised countries lodged more applications than in 2017.

For a third consecutive year, 2018 saw a decrease in applications for international protection in the EU+ following the migration crisis of 2015. The 634,700 applications lodged were 10% fewer than in 2017, and similar to the level of 2014. The decrease registered in 2018 follows a significant 44% decline in applications in 2017 over the previous year.

Syria remained the top country of origin for applicants, but with 25% fewer applications than in the previous year. More than one-in-ten of all applicants was a Syrian national, compared to 2015-2016, when Syrians made up more than one-in-four applicants. Afghanistan and Iraq completed the top three countries of origin in 2018.

Despite the overall decrease in applications, several citizenships lodged more applications than in the previous year. Georgian, Turkish and Venezuelan applicants increased for the second year in a row. Large increases also took place in 2018 for applicants from Colombia, Palestine, and Iran. In 2018, close to one fifth of all applications were lodged by nationals from countries exempt from visa requirements to enter the Schengen Area, including Venezuelans, Colombians, Georgians. This was a much higher share than in previous years.

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Artikeln med länkar till statistik och visualisering (Extern länk)

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Frontex 19-02-13:

Migratory situation in January - Western Mediterranean accounts for half of detections till sidans topp

In the first month of 2019, the number of detections of illegal border crossings on Europe's main migratory routes fell by a third compared to December to 6 760. The total was a fifth less than in January 2018 because of the lower number of migrants taking the Central Mediterranean route.

Western Mediterranean

The Western Mediterranean route remained under the most intensive migratory pressure, accounting for more than half of the irregular migrants reaching Europe in January. In the first month of the year, the number of detections on this route fell 18% from the previous month to nearly 3 780. However, this is more than double the figure from January 2018.

Nationals of Guinea and Morocco accounted for the largest number of detected migrants on this route.

Eastern Mediterranean

The number of migrants taking the Eastern Mediterranean route in January fell 44% from the previous month to close to 2 540, although the figure was 10% higher than a year ago.

Nationals of Afghanistan, who mainly arrived by sea, and Turkey, who mostly crossed the land border, accounted for more than half of the detections in this region.

Central Mediterranean

The Central Mediterranean route saw the biggest drop in the number of irregular migrants. There were nearly 150 migrants detected on this route, a fall of 73% compared to December and 96% compared to January 2018.

Bangladeshis and Tunisians were the most represented nationalities reaching Italy.

Western Balkans

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Arkiveringsdatum 190209:

EU Science Hub 18-12-18:

Launch of New Atlas of Migration till sidans topp

Launched on the occasion of International Migrants Day, a new Atlas from the Knowledge Centre on Migration and Demography provides insights on migration for all EU Member States and 44 non-EU countries.

With graphs, charts and maps, the Atlas of Migration provides a snapshot of migration in 2017, providing a knowledge base for policy makers, stakeholders, businesses, researchers and the general public.

The publication presents the available data on a range of migration-related fields in a format that is both easy to access and to understand..

It condenses statistics from multiple sources, including Eurostat for the EU Member States and several international statistical sources for migration profiles and thematic analysis of countries outside the EU.

The Atlas will provide the following information:

+ The number of people who have migrated, their country of origin and country of destination

+ Demographic characteristics of different countries

+ The reasons that people migrate (e.g. for work, to join family, or for education)

+ The number of people who applied for asylum in the EU and the outcome of their applications

+ The amount of development and humanitarian assistance the EU has granted to non-EU countries

+ The level of integration across EU Member States

A more complete picture of migration

The Atlas is structured around three sections, each with a distinct focus:

Migration profiles of EU Member States, an annually updated picture of demography, migratory flux, legal migration, asylum, irregular migration, naturalisation and integration;

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AIDA 19-01- 26:

Asylum statistics 2018: Changing arrivals, same concerns till sidans topp

Disparities in the way European countries grant international protection to people fleeing persecution and war persisted in 2018, according to asylum statistics made available by national asylum authorities

While EU institutions have emphasised a reduction of arrivals in Europe, figures confirm again more complex reality across the continent.

Several countries (Germany, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Norway, Bulgaria) continue to witness a steady drop in asylum applications. In Italy's case, the reduction was drastic, from 130,180 applications in 2017 to 53,500 in 2018. The number of people seeking asylum continue to increase in other countries (France, Turkey, Greece, Belgium and Slovenia), however.

Significant increases in the number of registered asylum applications are also reported in Spain, where the number of claims registered in the first nine months of 2018 (39,606) has already exceeded the number of applications registered in the whole of 2017 (31,740). Cyprus received 6,064 applications in the first ten months of 2018, compared to 4,582 in the entire year 2017.

Syria, Afghanistan and Iraq remain the main nationalities of asylum seekers in many countries:

Syria was among the top three countries of origin of asylum seekers in Germany, Greece, Belgium, Sweden, Norway, Bulgaria. The number of Syrian nationals registered as temporary protection beneficiaries in Turkey rose to 3,623,192 at the end of 2018.

Afghanistan was among the top three countries of origin in Germany, France, Greece, Turkey, Belgium, Bulgaria, Slovenia.

Iraq was among the top three countries of origin in Germany, Greece, Turkey, Sweden, Belgium, Finland.

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UNHCR 19-01-30:

Six people died each day attempting to cross Mediterranean in 2018 till sidans topp

Refugees and migrants attempting to reach Europe via the Mediterranean Sea lost their lives at an alarming rate in 2018, as cuts in search and rescue operations reinforced its position as the world's deadliest sea crossing. The latest 'Desperate Journeys' report, released today by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, says six lives were lost on average every day.

An estimated 2,275 died or went missing crossing the Mediterranean in 2018, despite a major drop in the number of arrivals reaching European shores. In total, 139,300 refugees and migrants arrived in Europe, the lowest number in five years.

"Saving lives at sea is not a choice, nor a matter of politics, but an age-old obligation," said Filippo Grandi, UN High Commissioner for Refugees. "We can put an end to these tragedies by having the courage and vision to look beyond the next boat, and adopt a long-term approach based on regional cooperation, that places human life and dignity at its core."

The report describes how shifts in policy by some European States saw numerous incidents where large numbers of people were left stranded at sea for days on end, waiting for permission to dock. NGO boats and their crews faced growing restrictions on their search and rescue operations. On routes from Libya to Europe, one person died at sea for every 14 who arrived in Europe - a sharp rise on 2017 levels. Thousands more were returned to Libya where they faced appalling conditions inside detention centres.

For many, setting foot in Europe was the final stop of a nightmarish journey on which they had faced torture, rape and sexual assault, and the threat of being kidnapped and held for ransom. States must take urgent action to dismantle smuggling networks and bring perpetrators of these crimes to justice.

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Arkiveringsdatum 190123:

IOM 19-01-11:

30,000 irregular migration deaths, disappearances between 2014-2018 till sidans topp

At least 30,510 people died during irregular migration between 2014 and 2018, the International Organization for Migration's (IOM) Missing Migrants Project reports. More than 19,000 deaths and disappearances were recorded due to drowning, not only in the Mediterranean Sea, but also in the Rio Grande, the Bay of Bengal, and many other overseas routes.

Due to the lack of official sources of information on deaths during migration, and the corresponding lack of detail on most of those who die during migration, these figures are best understood as a minimum estimate.

Nearly half of the five-year total fatalities of at least 14,795 men, women and children were recorded on the Central Mediterranean route between North Africa and Italy. The Missing Migrants Project estimates that there were at minimum 17,644 lives lost at sea on all three trans-Mediterranean routes in the last five years, equivalent in these five years to roughly ten times the number of people who drowned when the luxury liner Titanic sank in 1912.

Deaths recorded during migration throughout Africa comprise the second-largest regional total of the 30,000 deaths recorded since 2014, with 6,629 fatalities recorded since 2014. Nearly 4,000 of those deaths occurred in Northern Africa, where a lack of reliable data and extensive anecdotal reports indicate that many more migrants have died than are recorded.

In Asia, where data are similarly scarce, the deaths of more than 2,900 people were recorded during migration, including 2,191 in Southeast Asia and 531 in the Middle East.

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Arkiveringsdatum 190111:

Frontex 19-01- 04:

Number of irregular crossings at Europe's borders at lowest level in 5 years till sidans topp

Last year the number of illegal border-crossings at Europe's external borders has fallen by a quarter compared with 2017 to an estimated 150 000, the lowest level in five years. The total for 2018 was also 92% below the peak of the migratory crisis in 2015.

The drop was due to the dramatic fall in the number of migrants taking the Central Mediterranean route to Italy. The number of detections of irregular crossings on this route plunged 80% compared to 2017 to slightly more than 23 000.

The Central Mediterranean route saw the smallest number of irregular entries since 2012. The number of departures from Libya dropped 87% from a year ago, and those from Algeria fell by nearly a half. Departures from Tunisia stayed roughly unchanged. Tunisians and Eritreans were the two most represented nationalities on this route, together accounting for a third of all migrants.

Meanwhile, the number of arrivals in Spain via the Western Mediterranean route doubled last year for the second year in a row to 57 000, making it the most active migratory route into Europe for the first time since Frontex began collecting data.

On the Western Mediterranean route, Morocco has become the main departure point to Europe. Most of the migrants on this route originated from sub-Saharan countries, although in recent months the number of Moroccan migrants has increased to become the top reported nationality. They were trailed by Guineans, Malians and Algerians.

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IOM 19-01- 08:

Grim milestone as migrant deaths, disappearances top 4,000 for fifth consecutive year till sidans topp

For the fifth consecutive year more than 4,000 people are believed to have died or gone missing on migratory routes across the globe, the International Organization for Migration's (IOM) Missing Migrants Project (MMP) reports.

While final data collection for 2018 is still being compiled from several jurisdictions, at least 4,592 migrants reportedly died or disappeared during their journeys, down 20 per cent from the previous year, and over 8,000 in 2016.

Half (2,297) of those people were among the more than 116,000 migrants known to have arrived in Europe via the Mediterranean. There are few reliable sources of information about deaths and disappearances due to the clandestine nature of irregular migration so the data collected in some regions, particularly the desert approaches to Mediterranean crossing routes, are incomplete.

Underlining the perils involved in those movements, multiple tragedies on all three Mediterranean routes in the final two weeks of the year claimed the lives of at least 23 people including two children; 31 others are reported missing.

The coast guards, navies and rescue agencies of several nations, non-governmental groups running rescue operations and a US-flagged cargo vessel together reportedly rescued at least 135 migrants at sea in the final two weeks of the year.

Missing Migrants Project data are compiled by IOM staff based at its Global Migration Data Analysis Centre but come from a variety of sources, some of which are unofficial. To learn more about how data on migrants deaths and disappearances are collected, click here.

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Arkiveringsdatum 181231:

IOM 18-12-18:

Over 6,600 migration deaths recorded in Africa since 2013 'Just the tip of the iceberg' till sidans topp

Today (18/12) IOM's Missing Migrants Project (MMP) will publish records from hundreds of eyewitness reports of deaths during migration in Africa, bringing the total number of deaths recorded on the continent to 1,386 this year.

MMP researchers explain that with these latest data, the total number of deaths of migrants confirmed on the continent is an estimated 6,615 in just the last five years.

The new records added today to 2018's total - amounting to information on 1,014 previously unknown fatalities - are based on surveys conducted by the Mixed Migration Centre's Monitoring Mechanism Initiative (4Mi). However, 4Mi's surveys represent only a small fraction of the overall number of people on the move in Africa - meaning that these thousands of deaths are likely a substantial undercount of the true number.

In the absence of official, systematic and intraregional information sources on migration flows in Africa, surveys such as those conducted by 4mi reveal important information about the experiences - including significant risks - that people face on routes within the continent.

Though much African migration is regular and takes places within Africa itself, the newly published evidence underscores the monumental risks that migrants can face on their journeys, and just how little we know about them.

"When people don't have access to legal migration routes and few reliable records exist, would-be migrants face vulnerability at the hands of human traffickers and smugglers," said Dr. Frank Laczko, Director of IOM's Data Analysis Centre in Berlin, where the Missing Migrants Project is based.

Many of the deaths recorded by the Missing Migrants Project are concentrated on routes used by smugglers. Most migration deaths reported within Africa appear to have occurred while migrants are en route to Libya: deaths recorded since 2014 are predominately in the Sahara Desert, northern Niger, southern Libya, and northern Sudan.

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Arkiveringsdatum 181125:

UNHCR 18-11-06:

2,000 lives and counting: Mediterranean death toll in 2018 till sidans topp

Some 17 people have been found dead this week off the Spanish coast, meaning that the number of lives lost on the Mediterranean this year has now exceeded 2,000. UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, has called repeatedly for urgent action to address this situation. The Mediterranean has for several years been the world's deadliest sea route for refugees and migrants. That it continues to be so, should be unacceptable to all.

Around 100,000 asylum seekers and migrants have reached Europe so far this year, representing a return to pre-2014 levels. However, the 2,000 drownings mean that the rate of deaths, particularly in the Central Mediterranean, has escalated sharply. In September, one life was lost for every eight people who crossed. This was in large part due to substantially reduced search and rescue capacity.

In light of this, UNHCR continues to be very concerned about the legal and logistical restrictions that have been placed on a number of NGOs wishing to conduct search and rescue (SAR) operations, including the Aquarius. These have had the cumulative effect of the Central Mediterranean currently having no NGO vessels conducting SAR.

Should NGO rescue operations on the Mediterranean cease entirely we risk returning to the same dangerous context we saw after Italy's Mare Nostrum naval operation ended in 2015 and hundreds of people died in an incident on the central Mediterannean Sea.

UNHCR welcomes the rescue efforts of the Libyan Coast Guard (LCG), as without them more lives would have been lost. Nonetheless, with the LCG now having assumed primary responsibility for search and rescue coordination in an area that extends to around 100 miles, the LCG needs further support. Any vessel with the capability to assist search and rescue operations should be allowed to come to the aid of those in need.

UNHCR reiterates that people rescued in international waters (i.e. beyond the 12 nautical miles of the territorial waters of Libya) should not be brought back to Libya where conditions are not safe.

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Frontex 18-11-13:

Migratory flows in October: Down by a third, Spain accounts for 60% of detections till sidans topp

In the first ten months of 2018, the number of illegal border crossings into the EU fell by 31% from a year ago to about 118 900, mainly because of lower migratory pressure in the Central Mediterranean. Two months before the end of the year, 2018 is on track to see the lowest number of illegal border crossings since 2013.

In October, some 16 000 illegal border crossings were detected on the main migratory routes into the EU, close to the figure from the same month of last year.

Western Mediterranean

Last month, the Western Mediterranean migratory route accounted for nearly 60% of all detections of illegal borders crossings into the EU. The number of migrants reaching Europe via this route reached nearly 9 400 in October, more than twice the number from the same month of last year.

In the first ten months of 2018, close to 45 900 irregular migrants arrived through the Western Mediterranean route, more than double the figure from the same period a year ago.

Nationals of Morocco, Guinea and Mali accounted for the highest number of irregular migrants crossing this route this year.

Eastern Mediterranean

In October, the number of irregular migrants taking the Eastern Mediterranean route stood at 5 700, nearly the same as in October 2017. Because of a significant increase of illegal crossings in recent months on the land border with Turkey, the total number of migrants detected on the Eastern Mediterranean route in the first ten months of the year rose by 37% to around 47 100. The increase at the sea border was lower.

The largest number of migrants on this route so far this year were nationals of Syria and Iraq, although for the second consecutive month Afghans accounted for the most monthly arrivals.

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Arkiveringsdatum 181018:

UNHCR 18-10-02:

Statistik om flyktingar och asylsökande i norra Europa till sidans topp

Hur många asylsökande anlände till de olika länderna i norra Europa i år - och hur många anlände förra året? Vilka är dem och var kommer de ifrån? Hur många fick skydd under 2017 och hur många så kallade kvotflyktingar anlände under vidarebosättningsprogrammet?

De här senaste faktabladen från UNHCR i norra Europa - som täcker Danmark, Estland, Finland, Island, Lettland, Litauen, Norge och Sverige - ger en överblick av statistiken från 2017 om asylsökande, flyktingar och statslösa personer i regionen. Faktabladen också visar siffrorna för ankomster, vidarebosättning, procent och totalt antal personer som getts skydd, samt antalet personer som de senaste fem åren och de första sex månaderna under 2018 ansökt om asyl i de olika länderna.

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EASO 18-10-11: Asylum applications remain stable in the EU throughout summer months (Extern länk)

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IOM 18-10-12:

IOM Releases Global Migration Indicators Report 2018 till sidans topp

Prepared by IOM's Global Migration Data Analysis Centre (GMDAC), the Global Migration Indicators Report 2018 summarizes key global migration trends based on the latest statistics, showcasing 21 indicators across 17 migration topics.

The report is based on statistics from a variety of sources, which can be easily accessed through IOM's Global Migration Data Portal.

The report compiles the most up-to-date statistics on topics including labour migration, refugees, international students, remittances, migrant smuggling, migration governance and many others, enabling policy-makers and the public alike to have an overview of the scale and dynamics of migration around the world.

Moreover, the report is the first to link the global migration governance agenda with a discussion of migration data. The topics chosen are of particular relevance to the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GCM) and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The report discusses the state of play of data for each topic and suggests ways to improve this.

"While the GCM and the SDGs provide important frameworks to improve how we govern migration, more accurate and reliable data across migration topics is needed to take advantage of this opportunity. This report provides an overview of what we know and do not know about global migration trends," said Frank Laczko, Director of IOM's Global Migration Data Analysis Centre (GMDAC).

"The international community has taken steps to strengthen collection and management of migration data, but more needs to be done. A solid evidence base is key to inform national policies on migration and will be needed more than ever in light of the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration," said Antonio Vitorino, the new Director General of the International Organization for Migration.

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Arkiveringsdatum 180831:

Frontex 18-08-13:

Migratory flows in July: Total number drops, Spain accounts for half of detections till sidans topp

In the first seven months of 2018, the number of irregular border crossings into the EU via the top four migratory routes fell by 43 per cent from a year ago to about 73 500, mainly because of lower migratory pressure on the Central Mediterranean route.

In July, some 14 900 irregular crossings were detected on the main migratory routes into the EU, 18% fewer than in the same month of last year.

Western Mediterranean

Last month, the Western Mediterranean migratory route accounted for more than half of all detections of illegal borders crossings into the EU. The number of migrants reaching Spain quadrupled from a year ago to nearly 8 800 in July.

In the first seven months of 2018, there were some 23 100 irregular border crossings on the Western Mediterranean route, more than double the figure from a year ago.

Nationals of Morocco, Guinea and Mali accounted for the highest number of arrivals in Spain this year. Migrants from sub-Saharan countries represented more than three-quarters of all detections on this route.

Eastern Mediterranean

In July, the number of irregular migrants taking the Eastern Mediterranean route stood at some 4 000, 17% fewer than in the previous month. But largely because of a significant increase of irregular crossings in recent months on the land borders with Turkey, the total number of migrants detected on the Eastern Mediterranean route in the first seven months of the year rose by three-quarters to around 29 500.

The largest number of migrants on this route so far this year were nationals of Syria and Iraq, although Afghans accounted for the largest number in July.

Central Mediterranean

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UNHCR 18-08-29:

Millions of refugee children going without schooling, UNHCR report shows till sidans topp

Four million refugee children do not attend school, UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, says in a report released today. This is an increase of half a million of out-of-school refugee children in just one year.

The report, Turn the Tide: Refugee Education in Crisis, shows that, despite the efforts of governments, UNHCR and its partners, enrolment of refugee children in school is failing to keep pace with the growing refugee population. By the end of 2017, there were more than 25.4 million refugees around the world, 19.9 million of them under UNHCR's mandate. More than half - 52 per cent - were children. Among them, 7.4 million were of school age.

"Education is a way to help children heal, but it is also key to rebuilding their countries," said Filippo Grandi, UN High Commissioner for Refugees. "Without education, the future of these children and their communities will be irrevocably damaged."

Only 61 per cent of refugee children attend primary school, compared to 92 per cent of children globally.

As refugee children get older, this gap grows. Nearly two thirds of refugee children who go to primary school do not make it to secondary school. In total, 23 per cent of refugee children attend secondary school, compared to 84 per cent of children globally.

At tertiary level, the gap becomes a chasm. Globally, enrolment in higher education stands at 37 per cent, while only one per cent of refugees have the same opportunity - a figure that has not changed in three years.

"School is the first place in months or even years where refugee children find any normality," adds Grandi. "Based on current patterns, unless urgent investment is undertaken, hundreds of thousands more children will join these disturbing statistics."

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Arkiveringsdatum 180819:

EASO July 2018:

Number of asylum applications lodged in EU in early summer remains stable till sidans topp

Recent analyses released by the European Asylum Support Office (EASO) reveal that the number of applications for international protection lodged in the EU+ in June 2018 registered a slight decrease compared to the previous month i. Approximately 51 300 applications were lodged in June; about 1 600 fewer than in May, while in the first half of 2018, some 301 390 applications were lodged in the EU+, a 15% decrease compared to the first half of 2017 ii.

The main countries of origin of applicants in June were Syria, Afghanistan, Iraq, Pakistan and Nigeria. Of these, Syrians and Afghans lodged slightly fewer applications, whereas nationals of Iraq (+182, +6%) and Pakistan (+303, +14%) lodged more applications than in May. During the reporting period, Venezuelan applicants, which have steadily increased over the first five months of 2018, lodged fewer applications than in May (-921, -30%), although monthly applications remained at a much higher level (+67%) than at the beginning of the year.

Other countries with fewer applicants were Bangladesh (-283, -20%), Colombia (-269, -19%) and Somalia (-243, -21%). Of note was a rise in applications by Turkish nationals in June, with 2,157 applications lodged (+32% compared to May), the highest level since the EPS data exchange was established, and rising for the third successive month. Sudanese applicants also lodged more applications (+216, + 36%).

The overall EU+ recognition rate for decisions issued in the January-June period was 32%, down from 42% during the same period of 2017. Positive decisions more often granted refugee status (63%) than subsidiary protection (37%). Among citizenships with the most decisions issued iii, the highest recognition rates were for nationals of Syria (86%), Eritrea (83%) and Stateless applicants (60%).

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Latest asylum trends - innehåller mer statistik, diagram över sökande och beslut samt information om ursprungsländer (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 180718:

ECRE 18-06-29:

Global resettlement needs on the rise, while opportunities decline till sidans topp

UNHCR has recently published its "Projected Global Resettlement Needs in 2019", which reveals a widening gap between the number of refugees in need of resettlement and the places made available by governments around the world. According to the report, 1.4 million people are expected to be in need of resettlement in 2019, a 17% increase from 2018 levels, while the number of resettlement places dropped to 75,000 in 2017.

The report notes that currently 35 countries take part in UNHCR's resettlement programme. Africa remains the region with the highest projected resettlement needs with an estimated 629,744 refugees in need of resettlement. Refugees from Syria and the DRC made up two-thirds of the refugees submitted for resettlement by UNHCR in 2017.

In the region of Europe including Turkey, Russia, Ukraine, Balkans and Caucasus the total resettlement needs have increased by almost 40 per cent from the previous year, reaching 420,750 persons projected to be in need of resettlement in 2019. Over 95 per cent of the needs are represented by Syrian refugees in Turkey, which also account for the vast majority of the increase in needs.

With this report, UNHCR also reiterated its appeal to countries to take in more refugees with protection needs from a diverse range of countries and to commit over a sustained basis.

"Resettlement is not only a critical lifeline for some of the most vulnerable people on the planet, it's also a tangible way governments and communities can better share responsibility for the global displacement crisis", affirmed the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Filippo Grandi.

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Arkiveringsdatum 180625:

EASO 18-06-18:

EU consolidates recovery from migration crisis - Significant decrease in applications till sidans topp

On 18 June 2018, the European Asylum Support Office (EASO) released its 2017 Annual Report on the Situation of Asylum in the European Union. In 2017, there were 728,470 applications for international protection in the EU. This figure represents a decrease of 44% compared to 2016, when there were almost 1.3 million applications, while provisional data for early 2018 (January - April) shows that application levels have stabilised at an average of less than 50,000 per month.

Throughout 2017, migratory pressure at the EU external borders remained high, but decreased for a second consecutive year, mostly on the eastern and central Mediterranean routes, whereas there was an unprecedented upsurge on the western Mediterranean route. While overall the number of asylum applications registered in 2017 dropped, some countries still noted considerable increases. Syria (15%), Iraq (7%) and Afghanistan (7%) remained the top three countries of origin of applicants in the EU+. These were followed by Nigeria, Pakistan, Eritrea, Albania, Bangladesh, Guinea and Iran.

With respect to the number of pending cases, at the end of 2017 there were 954,100 applications awaiting a final decision, which represents a decrease of 16% over the end of 2016. This reflects the lower number of applications and suggesting greater efficiency in the asylum systems of Member States and the Common European Asylum System (CEAS). At the same time, the number of cases awaiting a decision at second or higher instance (appeal) more than doubled since the end of 2016, indicating a clear shift in case processing towards second instance.

Of all the first instance decisions issued in 2017, nearly 50% (462,355 out of 996,685 decisions) were positive. This recognition rate was 14 percentage points lower than in 2016. While the overall number of decisions decreased by 13% over 2016, reflecting a lower number of applications lodged, the amount of negative decisions actually increased from 449,910 in 2016 to 534,330 in 2017.

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UNHCR 18-06-19:

Forced displacement above 68m in 2017, new global deal on refugees critical till sidans topp

Wars, other violence and persecution drove worldwide forced displacement to a new high in 2017 for the fifth year in a row, led by the crisis in Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan's war, and the flight into Bangladesh from Myanmar of hundreds of thousands of Rohingya refugees. Overwhelmingly it is developing countries that are most affected.

In its annual Global Trends report, released today, UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency said 68.5 million people were displaced as of the end of 2017. Among them were 16.2 million people who became displaced during 2017 itself, either for the first time or repeatedly - indicating a huge number of people on the move and equivalent to 44,500 people being displaced each day, or a person becoming displaced every two seconds.

Refugees who have fled their countries to escape conflict and persecution accounted for 25.4 million of the 68.5 million. This is 2.9 million more than in 2016, also the biggest increase UNHCR has seen in a single year. Asylum-seekers, who were still awaiting the outcome of their claims to refugee status as of 31 December 2017, meanwhile rose by around 300,000 to 3.1 million. People displaced inside their own country accounted for 40 million of the total, slightly fewer than the 40.3 million in 2016.

In short, the world had almost as many forcibly displaced people in 2017 as the population of Thailand. Across all countries, one in every 110 persons is someone displaced.

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Arkiveringsdatum 180605:

Europarådets mr-kommissionär 18-05-29:

Europe's duty to internally displaced persons till sidans topp

"People are forced to leave their homes for different reasons, ranging from war and violence to natural disasters and climate change. However, this does not always entail the crossing of an internationally recognised border. Even if they do not leave their country, people who flee their homes are still very much in need of protection", says Dunja Mijatovic, Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights, in her first Human Rights Comment published today.

"This year marks the 20th anniversary of the United Nations Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement, a comprehensive set of international standards addressing the rights of internally displaced persons (IDPs). The anniversary should prompt states to give serious attention to their needs."

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"By the end of 2017, there were close to 4 million IDPs in Europe, mostly in Ukraine, Turkey, Azerbaijan, Cyprus, Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. While the current patterns of internal displacement in Europe have mainly resulted from conflicts - some of which date back to the 1990s - and instability, some cases of displacement have emanated from the impact of natural disasters and climate change, for example in Italy following the earthquakes in 2016, and in Bosnia and Herzegovina due to floods in 2014."

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IOM 18-06-01:

Country profiles published on Migration data portal till sidans topp

On 25 May, MGI country profiles for 12 countries were published on the Migration Data Portal with the aim of sharing best practices, but also to better understand common challenges. Besides the 12 country profiles published today, another 27 profiles will be published on the Migration Data Portal in the coming months.

The profiles summarize the key findings from a set of approximately 90 indicators. These are based on the six policy areas that IOM considers to be the building blocks of effective migration governance as defined in the Migration Governance Framework (MiGOF), the first and so far only definition of well-managed migration policy.

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ECRE 18-06-02:

Return continues to Afghanistan in crisis till sidans topp

According to the International Organization for Migration (IOM) 285.000 Afghans have returned from Iran over the last five month constituting a 150.000 increase from the same period last year. 12,000 undocumented Afghans have returned or been deported from Pakistan since the beginning of the year, and 8,000 Afghans were deported from Turkey in April and early May. They return to an unstable country defined by armed conflict, lack of protection of civilians and poverty and with 360,000 people internally displaced in 2017.

More than 600,000 Afghans returned or were deported from Iran and Pakistan in 2017 and the pattern continues. Estimates from IOM suggest that 30 percent of returnees are in need of life-saving humanitarian assistance but available funding only covers 7 percent. Italy have donated 1. Million Euros to assist returnees in Herat and Nimroz provinces, bordering Iran described by Italian Ambassador to Afghanistan Roberto Cantone as "extremely poor and in need of protection, humanitarian and reintegration support. Among them there are people who have been victims of violence or whose rights have been violated during arrest and detention."

The latest annual report from United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) illustrates the volatile security situation in Afghanistan with 10,453 civilian casualties (3,438 deaths and 7,015 injured) in 2017 and according to the World Bank country overview: "A surge in returnees from Iran and Pakistan (over 296,000 in 2017) has brought mounting pressure on humanitarian assistance."

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Arkiveringsdatum 180528:

IOM 18-05-15:

Mediterranean migrant arrivals reach 25,338 in 2018; deaths reach 628 till sidans topp

IOM, the UN Migration Agency, reports that 25,338 migrants and refugees entered Europe by sea through the first 19 weeks of 2018, with about 41 per cent arriving in Italy and 38 per cent to Greece, with the remainder (21%) arriving in Spain.

This compares with 54,324 arrivals across the region through the same period last year and about 188,000 at this time in 2016.

In other words: Mediterranean arrivals at this point in 2018 are running at under half last year's level on this date, and about 13 per cent of 2016's arrivals at this point in the year.

IOM Rome's Flavio Di Giacomo noted that the 10,300 migrants who are registered as having arrived by sea to Italy this year is an amount 77 per cent less than that reported last year in the same period, when 45,124 irregular migrants and refugees arrived in Italy and a 67 per cent decline from the 31,246 arriving to this point in 2016 (see chart below).

Di Giacomo added that almost 500 migrants were rescued at sea last Saturday (12 May) during six operations carried out by Italian and international ships. Some migrants arrived from Libya, others from Tunisia.

He noted that in one case, rescuers provided support to a two-deck wooden boat carrying 180 people. The boat had left from Kekhenna (Tunisia) on Friday night, and was rescued by a ship of the Italian Coast Guard and one of Carabinieri a few miles off Lampedusa. Migrants reported to IOM staff to have paid EUR 1,200 for the sea crossing, and that they had been ferried out by smugglers to the larger "mother ship" waiting for them in open water.

According to these witnesses, some migrants saw that the boat was overloaded and subsequently changed their minds about embarking - but the smugglers then used violence to force them on board.

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Frontex 18-05-21:

Migratory flows in April: Overall drop, but more detections in Greece and Spain till sidans topp

In April, some 10 500 irregular border crossings were detected on the main migratory routes into the EU, down a third from the same month of last year.

In the first four months of 2018, the total number of irregular border crossings dropped 44% compared to a year ago to about 29 700, mainly because of lower migratory pressure on the Central Mediterranean route.

Central Mediterranean

The number of migrants arriving in Italy via the Central Mediterranean route in April fell to about 2 800, down 78% from April 2017. The total number of migrants detected on this route in the first four months of 2018 fell to roughly 9 400, down three-quarters from a year ago.

So far this year, Tunisians and Eritreans were the two most represented nationalities on this route, together accounting for almost 40% of all the detected migrants.

Eastern Mediterranean

In April, the number of irregular migrants taking the Eastern Mediterranean route stood at some 6 700, two-thirds more than in the previous month. In the first four months of this year, more than 14 900 migrants entered the EU through the Eastern Mediterranean route, 92% more than in the same period of last year. The increase was mainly caused by the rise of irregular crossings on the land borders with Turkey. In April the number of migrants detected at the land borders on this route has exceeded the detections on the Greek islands in the Aegean Sea.

The largest number of migrants on this route in the first four months of the year were nationals of Syria and Iraq.

Western Mediterranean

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Arkiveringsdatum 180119:

IOM January 2018:

Four decades of undocumented migration - A review of the evidence till sidans topp

The report reviews available evidence on trans-Mediterranean irregular migration to Europe along various routes going back to the 1970s, particularly on the magnitude of the flows, the evolution of sea routes to Southern Europe, the characteristics of migrants, the extent to which one can separate between economic and forced movements, and mortality during the sea journey. The report also reflects on the causes of the so-called migration crisis – a record-high number of undocumented arrivals by sea between 2014 and 2016 – and the reasons for the substantial decrease in numbers in 2017. It concludes by identifying future data and research needs.

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IOM December 2017: Migrant vulnerability to human trafficking and exploitation: Evidence from the central and eastern Mediterranean migration routes (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 171229:

IOM 17-12-06:

UN Migration Agency's data analysis centre publishes new series of data bulletins till sidans topp

A new series launched by the Global Migration Data Analysis Centre (GMDAC) of IOM, the UN Migration Agency, aims to summarize the existing evidence on migration in an accurate and accessible fashion, to support discussions and any follow-up activities of the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration.

The Data Bulletins are part of a project Support to IOM for the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration, funded by the European Union, to outline the strengths and limitations of relevant migration data, and highlight innovative data practices which are pertinent to a global compact for migration.

Data Bulletins reflect the collaborative nature of a global compact for migration process by including relevant contributions from different parts of IOM, as well as other agencies and migration experts. The first three issues are being published for distribution during the preparatory stocktaking meeting in Puerto Vallarta, Mexico, currently taking place through to 6 December 2017.

The first issue, Global Migration Trends, provides a brief overview of key global migration trends, based on available statistics and estimates from a variety of sources, to support informed decision-making throughout a global compact for migration process. The document summarizes key facts and figures on a range of migration-related topics, covering the period January 2015-December 2016, and cites more recent figures when available.

Although this Data Bulletin is by no means exhaustive, it presents a broad picture of the state of migration around the world. A more detailed report on global migration trends will be published by IOM's GMDAC in December 2017.

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Arkiveringsdatum 171208:

ECRE 17-12-01:

Mediterranean still the busiest and deadliest gate to Europe till sidans topp

Reviewing four decades of trans-Mediterranean migration, the Mediterranean route to Europe is still the deadliest in the world. Despite intense political efforts to stop crossings and slight changes in movement patterns, the Mediterranean Sea -mainly the Central Mediterranean route - remains the main way for refugees and migrants to enter Europe. With more than half the number of arrivals in 2017 compared to 2016, the number of death remains disproportionally high.

The UN Migration Agency Missing Migrants Projects' update as of 26 November 2017 documented the topping of the benchmark of 3.000 people drowning in attempts to reach Europe via the Mediterranean Sea. Though the total figure of 3.033 deaths remains lower than the 4.757 drowning victims documented in the same period of 2016, the death rate increased considering the total number of arrivals of 163.979 (2017) and 348.591 (2016).

The recently published 3rd quarter update 'Desperate Journeys' for the period July to September 2017 by the UN Refugee Agency further reveals, that increasing political efforts to reduce crossings on the Central Mediterranean route mainly resulted in a diversification of traffic across the Eastern and Western Mediterranean, and that "thousands continue to attempt desperate and dangerous journeys each month."

Analyzing patterns of trans-Mediterranean migration since the 1970s, the report 'Four Decades of Cross-Mediterranean Undocumented Migration to Europe' by the UN Migration Agency's Global Migration Data Analysis Centre (GMDAC) underlines that with 33.761 migrants reported death or missing between 2000 and 2017, the European Mediterranean border "is by far the world's deadliest." The report highlights inter alia, the diversity of groups and reasons causing people to attempt irregular sea crossings and concludes that the rigid distinction between migrants and refugees in the context of Mediterranean migration is misunderstood given the common dangers of they face.

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IOM December 2017:

World Migration Report 2018 till sidans topp

This World Migration Report 2018 is the ninth in the series. Since 2000, IOM has been producing world migration reports to contribute to increased understanding of migration throughout the world. This new edition presents key data and information on migration as well as thematic chapters on highly topical migration issues. Please click on the links below to access the report. The report can be downloaded as a whole, or by separate chapters.

WORLD MIGRATION REPORT 2018

This World Migration Report 2018 is the ninth in the series. Since 2000, IOM has been producing world migration reports to contribute to increased understanding of migration throughout the world. This new edition presents key data and information on migration as well as thematic chapters on highly topical migration issues. Please click on the links below to access the report. The report can be downloaded as a whole, or by separate chapters.

/Ur innehållet/

+ Migration research and analysis: Growth, reach and recent contributions

+ Global migration governance: Existing architecture and recent developments

+ Mobility, migration and transnational connectivity

+ Understanding migration journeys from migrants' perspectives

+ Media reporting of migrants and migration

+ Migration, violent extremism and social exclusion

+ Migrants and cities: Stepping beyond World Migration Report 2015

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Arkiveringsdatum 171124:

Migrationsverket 17-11-15:

Så klarar kommunerna att ta emot nyanlända för 2017 till sidans topp

Kommunerna har hittills i år tagit emot 18 700 personer med uppehållstillstånd som anvisats av Migrationsverket. Nu återstår närmare 5 000 personer som väntar på att bli mottagna innan sista februari.

I år ska totalt 23 600 anvisade personer tas emot i landets kommuner, enligt beslut av regeringen. I dagsläget är det 4 850* personer som väntar på att bli mottagna och drygt 1 500* personer som har anvisats till en kommun för mer än två månader sedan.

- Vi kan se att många av landets kommuner har klarat att ta emot nyanlända. Samtidigt är flera kommuner försenade med sitt mottagande, men jämför vi med samma period förra året så har det fungerat bättre i år - fler har tagits emot i tid, säger Magnus Rodin, regionchef på Migrationsverket.

Inga undantag enligt lagen

Två månader är den tidsgräns som bosättningslagen anger för kommunen att ta emot en person som de har anvisats. Hur många personer som varje kommun ska ta emot för 2017 beslutades av länsstyrelserna redan förra hösten.

I dag är 64 av landets kommuner klara med sitt mottagande för 2017, men samtidigt har tio kommuner femtio nyanlända eller fler som har väntat längre än två månader på att blir mottagna.

Under hösten har Migrationsverket haft en särskild dialog med ett antal kommuner som fortfarande har många sena anvisningar.

- Vi är medvetna om att det här är stora utmaningar för kommunerna, men vi har varit tydliga från början. Det är kommunernas ansvar att ta emot de nyanlända, det finns inga undantag. Bakom varje siffra finns en verklig person som ska integreras i det svenska samhället, säger Magnus Rodin.

* Detta är siffror som uppdateras dagligen.

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Frontex 17-11-15:

Migratory flows in October: Overall levels remain low; Spain arrivals soar till sidans topp

In October, more than 15,300 irregular border crossings were detected on the four main migratory routes into the EU.

The total number of migrants detected on these routes in the first ten months of this year fell by 63% to around 173,000 from the same period in 2016.

Central Mediterranean

The number of migrants arriving in Italy via the Central Mediterranean route in October remained almost constant from the month before, at roughly 6,700. Tunisia was the top country of origin, cementing a trend that began in the summer months.

The total number of arrivals for the first 10 months of 2017 stood at around 112,000, a reduction of 30% from the same period of last year. The top countries of origin overall this year were Nigeria, followed by Guinea, Ivory Coast, and Bangladesh.

Western Mediterranean

The number of migrants detected arriving via the Western Mediterranean sea route in October reached approximately 3,300, more than double the figure in September 2017.

In the first 10 months of this year, the number of irregular migrants reaching Spain by sea stood at some 15,500, more than a 100% increase in comparison with the same period of 2016.

Most of the migrants detected on this route came from Morocco, Algeria and Ivory Coast.

Eastern Mediterranean

The number of irregular migrants arriving in Greece in October reached 4,900, a drop of 25% from September 2017.

In the first 10 months of this year, roughly 31,500 migrants reached Greece, a decrease of 82% from the same period of 2016.

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Arkiveringsdatum 171013:

UNHCR 17-09-27:

Where do refugees come from? Where do refugees go? till sidans topp

At the end of 2016, more than half (55 per cent) of all refugees worldwide came from just three countries.

At the end of 2016, Turkey hosted the largest number of refugees worldwide, for the third consecutive year, with 2.9 million people.

Where do refugees come from - Map (Extern länk)

Where do refugees go - Map (Extern länk)

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IOM 17-10-06:

Mediterranean migrant arrivals reach 139,763 in 2017; Deaths reach 2,726 till sidans topp

IOM, the UN Migration Agency, reports that 139,763 migrants and refugees entered Europe by sea in 2017 through 4 October, with over 75 per cent arriving in Italy and the remainder divided between Greece, Cyprus and Spain. This compares with 312,153 arrivals across the region through the same period last year.

IOM Rome reported on Thursday (5 October) that official figures from the Italian Ministry of the Interior show 106,889 migrants arriving by sea this year: 23.26 per cent less than last year in the same period. IOM Rome noted as well that several of the 1,002 migrants rescued over the weekend by Italian and international ships, and registered for arrival at the port of Catania, provided testimony that confirmed the deaths of three fellow migrants at sea over this same period.

IOM Athens' Kelly Namia on Thursday reported on three search and rescue operations occurring off the coasts of Lesvos and Farmakonisi during the first three days of October that resulted in the rescue of 228 migrants who were safely landed on the two islands.

Namia further reported that migrant sea arrivals to Greek territory totalled 392 for the first three days of October, and 19,934 for the year so far.

IOM Libya's Christine Petré reported that on Tuesday (3 October) a single rubber boat carrying 52 migrants (46 men and six women) were rescued/intercepted at sea near the Libyan capital of Tripoli. Their embarkation point was reported as Al Maya. According to testimony from these survivors, some 68 migrants on that voyage remain missing.

With these rescued in this latest incident, IOM's Petré said that the total of those rescued/intercepted to date in Libyan waters now is 18,405 men, women and children.

The missing 68 bring to 2,726 the number of migrants believed missing or drowned on the Mediterranean Sea this year on all routes through October 3, 2017. That figure was 3,682 during the same period in 2016, nearly 1,000 more deaths through nine months than this year's total.

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Arkiveringsdatum 171001:

AIDA 17-09-07:

The Dublin system in the first half of 2017 till sidans topp

An AIDA statistical update illustrates significant discrepancies in the use of the Dublin Regulation allocating responsibility for asylum seekers across European countries. The number of Dublin procedures initiated in the first half of 2017 vary from only 5 outgoing requests in Spain to nearly 30,000 in Germany.

The main operators of the Dublin system were

+ Germany with 29,378 requests and 3,043 transfers;

+ Greece with 7,267 requests and 1,866 transfers;

+ Austria with 6,000 requests and 2,058 transfers; and

+ Switzerland with 4,232 requests and 1,259 transfers.

Figures show an increase of outgoing transfers for most countries operating the Dublin Regulation. While the rate of Germany rose from 7.1% to 10.3%, Austria marked a substantial increase from 12.1% to 34.3%. Germany and Austria have transferred almost as many asylum seekers in the first semester of the year as they did in the entire year 2016, while Greece has transferred nearly double the number of persons transferred last year.

Germany has also been the main country at the receiving end of Dublin procedure, counting 4,144 incoming Dublin transfers. The Dublin procedure in Germany has been heavily debated in recent months due to a change of practice vis-ā-vis requests from Greece. The number of requests issued by Greece dropped from 2,514 in the first quarter of 2017 to 953 in the second quarter, as did the number of actual transfers - from 837 to 379. All of these transfers concerned family reunification or the application of the dependent persons and humanitarian clauses. The reduction of Dublin procedures stems from a controversial agreement between Germany and Greece to slow down the rate of family reunification.

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IOM 17-09-11:

Real number of migrant death far higher as many deaths never recorded till sidans topp

IOM, the UN Migration Agency has released a new report on migrant deaths and disappearances worldwide through its Berlin-based Global Migration Data Analysis Centre.

Since 2014, more than 23,000 migrant deaths and disappearances have been recorded globally by the IOM. The real number is likely to be much higher as many deaths are never recorded.

The report is the third volume in IOM's Fatal Journeys series. This volume focuses on how to improve data on missing migrants in order to prevent further deaths, and to enable the families left behind to learn more about the fate of their relatives. Many families continue to spend years living in limbo, not knowing whether a loved one is alive or dead as so few bodies of missing migrants are identified.

Fatal Journeys Volume 3: Improving Data on Missing Migrants is published in two parts. Part one of the report, released today, examines the challenges of collecting data on missing migrants. Part two of the report, to be released in November, provides in-depth regional analysis of the data currently available.

The first chapter of Fatal Journeys Volume 3 - Part 1 provides an update of data on global migrant fatalities since 2014, and highlights the risks faced by migrant women and children. Data collected by IOM's Missing Migrants Project, the only existing database on migrant deaths at the global level, are used to present the known number and profile of dead and missing migrants in different regions of the world.

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Amnesty International 17-09-18:

Myanmar exodus exposes failure of world leaders to deliver solution to refugee crisis till sidans topp

+ More Rohingya refugees have fled to Bangladesh in the space of three weeks than the total number of refugees who fled by sea to Europe in 2016

+ Worldwide situation goes from bad to worse as rich countries fail to do their part in addressing the refugee crisis, leaving poorer countries to pick up the pieces

As almost 400,000 refugees flee ethnic cleansing in Myanmar, world leaders meeting at the UN General Assembly should hang their heads in shame that they have not only failed to make good on their promises to take in more refugees, but have actively dismantled refugee rights in many parts of the world.

A year on from the Leaders' Summit on Refugees in New York, where leaders pledged to take in more refugees and help vulnerable people forced to flee their countries, global refugee numbers are increasing year on year as conflicts spiral out of control.

"The horrific situation in Myanmar is exactly why we need more than just a sticking-plaster approach to helping those fleeing war and persecution. After being subjected to horrific violence, including killings and having their villages burned to the ground, these Rohingya refugees are now facing a humanitarian crisis as Bangladesh struggles to support them," said Salil Shetty, Amnesty International's Secretary General.

The latest evidence published by Amnesty International points to a mass-scale scorched-earth campaign across northern Rakhine State, where Myanmar security forces and vigilante mobs are burning down entire Rohingya villages and shooting people at random as they try to flee. In legal terms, these are crimes against humanity - systematic attacks and forcible deportation of civilians.

As a consequence, in the space of less than three weeks, almost 400,000 Rohingya refugees have fled Myanmar to Bangladesh. This is more than the total number of refugees who came to Europe by sea in 2016.

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UNHCR September 2017:

2015 Statistical Yearbook till sidans topp

Our Statistical Yearbooks follow major trends in displacement, protection and solutions.

As part of our mandate, we collecte and disseminate global statistics on refugees. We work closely with States to provide data about refugees, but ensure that the information gathered is used solely for the purpose of informing our decisions about how to help those forced to flee their homes.

The confidentiality of refugee data and information is highly respected by both UNHCR and our partners.

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Se även:

UNHCR 17-09-25: Report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees covering the period 1 July 2016-30 June 2017 (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 170901:

Frontex 17-08-14:

Migratory flows in July: Numbers fall in Italy, remain high in Spain till sidans topp

In July, there were 15 400 detections of illegal border crossings on the four main migratory routes into the EU as the number of migrants arriving in Italy fell by more than half from the previous month. Spain continued to see the heaviest migratory pressure since 2009.

The total number of detections in the first seven months of 2017 fell by two-thirds from the same period of last year to 127 100.

Central Mediterranean

In July, the number of migrants arriving in Italy through the Central Mediterranean route fell 57% compared to the previous month to 10 160, the lowest level for the month of July since 2014. After last month's slow down, the total of arrivals for the first seven months of this year stood at 93 900, roughly in line with the same period of last year.

Several factors contributed to the significant drop in activity on the Central Mediterranean route in recent weeks, including worse sea conditions in the first half of July. Clashes near Sabratah, a key departure area in Libya, have also affected the smuggling operations there. In addition, increased presence of the Libyan Coast Guard also discouraged the people smugglers from sending out boats with migrants.

Nationals of Nigeria, Guinea, Eritrea, Sudan and Mail made up the largest number of the detected migrants on the Central Mediterranean route last month. In the first seven months of this year, Nigerians also represented the highest number of arrivals, accounting for one out of every six irregular migrants reaching Italy by sea. They were followed by nationals of Bangladesh, Guinea and the Ivory Coast.

Western Mediterranean

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Arkiveringsdatum 170728:

Frontex 17-07-13:

Arrival of migrants in June: Numbers rising in Italy and Spain till sidans topp

In June, there were more than 30 700 detections of illegal border crossings on the four main migratory routes into the EU. The total number of detections in the first half of 2017 fell 68% from the same period of last year to about 116 000, although the number of migrants arriving in Italy and Spain remained above the figures from a year ago.

Central Mediterranean

In June, the number of migrants arriving in Italy through the Central Mediterranean route rose by 8% from May to 24 800. This brought the total for the first six months of the year to 85 000, 21% higher than the figure from the same period of 2016.

Nationals of Nigeria and Guinea accounted for the largest number of the detected migrants on the Central Mediterranean route last month. In the first half of this year, Nigerians also represented the highest number of arrivals, followed by nationals of Bangladesh, Guinea and the Ivory Coast.

Eastern Mediterranean

The number of migrants arriving in Greece by both sea and land routes in June stood at 2 600, similar to the figure from the previous month. In the first half this year, roughly 9 000 migrants reached the Greek islands, 94% fewer than in the same period of 2016.

While the number of landings on the Greek Eastern Aegean Islands last month slightly decreased compared to May, the number of detections of illegal border crossings at Greece's land border with Turkey rose significantly.

Syrians, Pakistanis and Iraqis accounted for the majority of detections on the Eastern Mediterranean route in June.

Western Mediterranean

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Arkiveringsdatum 170712:

EASO 17-07-07:

Easos årsrapport om asylsituationen i EU och de senaste asylsiffrorna till sidans topp

I dag offentliggjorde Europeiska stödkontoret för asylfrågor (Easo) sin årliga referensrapport: årsrapporten om asylsituationen i Europeiska unionen 2016.

Under 2016 kom det in närmare 1,3 miljoner ansökningar om internationellt skydd i EU+. Detta var en minskning med 7 procent jämfört med 2015, då närmare 1,4 miljoner ansökningar kom in. Den stora ökningen av asylansökningar under de senaste två åren har emellertid lett till att besluten som fattas i första instans har ökat: under 2016 fattades närmare 1,15 miljoner beslut i första instans i länderna i EU+, en ökning med 84 procent jämfört med 2015. Besluten som fattades i andra instans ökade också under 2016; ökningen var 21 procent jämfört med 2015. Den totala andelen bifall i första instans var 61 procent och det var en ökning jämfört med föregående år.

Det största antalet registrerade asylsökande var medborgare i Syrien, Afghanistan, Irak, Pakistan och Nigeria. De främsta mottagarländerna var Tyskland, Italien, Frankrike, Grekland och Österrike. Jämfört med 2015 väntade 7 procent fler asylsökande på ett slutgiltigt beslut, vilket fortsatte att sätta press på asyl- och mottagningssystemen i länderna i EU+.

Krisen i Syrien fortsatte att vara en central faktor för antalet ansökningar om internationellt skydd i EU+. De allra flesta asylsökande var syriska medborgare och de stod för 26 procent av alla asylansökningar i EU+.

Över 65 000 ensamkommande barn sökte internationellt skydd i EU+ under 2016, en minskning med 37 procent från föregående år. Av alla ansökningar för ensamkommande barn som mottogs var 37 procent från afghanska medborgare.

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Arkiveringsdatum 170628:

UNHCR 17-06-19:

War, violence, persecution push displacement to new unprecedented high till sidans topp

War, violence and persecution worldwide are causing more people than ever to be forcibly displaced, according to a report published today by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency.

UNHCR's new Global Trends report, the organization's major annual survey of the state of displacement, says that at the end of 2016 there were 65.6 million people forcibly displaced worldwide - some 300,000 more than a year earlier. This total represents an enormous number of people needing protection worldwide.

The figure of 65.6 million comprises three important components. First is refugee numbers, which at 22.5 million are the highest ever seen. Of these, 17.2 million come under the responsibility of UNHCR, and the remainder are Palestinian refugees registered with our sister-organization UNRWA. Syria's conflict remains the world's biggest producer of refugees (5.5 million), however in 2016 the biggest new factor was South Sudan where the disastrous breakdown of peace efforts in July of that year contributed to the outflow of 739,900 people by year's end (1.87 million today).

Second is displacement of people inside their own countries, whose numbers were 40.3 million at the end of 2016 compared to 40.8 million a year earlier. Syria, Iraq, and the still very significant displacement inside Colombia were the biggest internal displacement situations, nonetheless the problem of internal displacement is a worldwide one and accounts for almost two thirds of the global forced displacement total.

Third is asylum seekers, people who have fled their country and are seeking international protection as refugees. As of the end of 2016 the number of people seeking asylum globally was 2.8 million.

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Arkiveringsdatum 170530:

Frontex 17-05-16:

Arrival of migrants in April: Italy higher than year ago, numbers in Greece drop till sidans topp

There were more than 14 100 detections of illegal border crossings on the three main migratory routes into the EU in April, 2% higher than the number of detections from the previous month. The total number of detections in the first four months of 2017 fell 84% from the same period of last year to almost 47 000, even though Italy continued to see numbers higher than a year ago.

Central Mediterranean

In April, the number of migrants arriving in Italy through the Central Mediterranean route rose by 19% from March to 12 900. This brought the total for the first four months of the year to more than 37 200, 33% higher than the figure from the same period of 2016.

Nationals from Nigeria, Bangladesh and Ivory Coast accounted for the largest number of the detected migrants. Since the beginning of 2017, the number of migrants from Bangladesh, Morocco and Pakistan has increased. A large number of them have been working in Libya for some time, but decided to leave in recent months because of the unstable situation there and limited employment possibilities.

Eastern Mediterranean

The number of migrants arriving on the Greek islands in the Aegean in April dropped by 46% from the previous month to 1 200. The figure was 68% lower than in April 2016, which was the first full month since the EU-Turkey statement came into effect, leading to a precipitous drop in arrivals.

In April, the Turkish authorities prevented nearly 2 500 migrants from departing from Turkey (including cases where they responded to detections made by the Greek authorities). These figures are similar to those reported in March (2 600).

In the first four months of this year, some 6 100 migrants reached the Greek islands, barely 4% of the number from the same period of 2016.

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Arkiveringsdatum 170410:

AIDA March 2017:

The Dublin system in 2016: Key figures from European countries till sidans topp

This statistical update provides key figures from 12 European countries on the application of the Dublin Regulation in 2016. Available statistics demonstrate the persisting inefficiency of the Dublin system as a responsibility-allocation mechanism across Europe, as the number of effected transfers of asylum seekers remains considerably low compared to the number of procedures initiated. The update also explores the inconsistency between Dublin and the emergency relocation scheme, leading to a paradoxical transfer of 1,864 people out of Italy to other Member States under relocation and family provisions, and transfer of 2,086 people to Italy under Dublin.

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Arkiveringsdatum 170320:

Frontex 17-03-15:

Arrival of migrants in February: surge in Italy, drop in Greece till sidans topp

In February, there were more than 10 900 detections of illegal border crossings on the three main migratory routes into the EU. This is less than a tenth of the figure from the same month of last year, although 46% higher than in January because of an increased activity in the Central Mediterranean.

Central Mediterranean

Italy continued to face high migratory pressure despite difficult weather conditions in the Central Mediterranean. In February, the number of migrants reaching the Italian shores more than doubled from a year ago to nearly 9000. The total for the first two months of 2017 stood at 13 440.

Nationals of Guinea and Bangladesh were the top two nationalities among the migrants arriving in Italy in February. While most migrants from African countries make their way to Libya by land, Bangladeshi migrants fly to Libya, especially Tripoli, through the Middle East and enter the country on a Libyan work visa. They then pay people smugglers to assist them to get to Libyan coast.

Eastern Mediterranean

The number of migrants arriving on the Greek islands in the Eastern Aegean fell to slightly more than 1 000 in February, down a third from the previous month and a small fraction of the figure recorded a year ago. In the first two months of the year, the total reached slightly more than 2 500.

A similar trend was seen at land borders on the Eastern Mediterranean route, where 180 detections of illegal crossings were detected in February.

Last month, nationals of Syria, Pakistan and the Democratic Republic of Congo accounted for the majority of detections on the Eastern Mediterranean route.

Western Balkans

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UNHCR Bureau for Europe 17-03-12 Weekly Report, innehåller tabeller och diagram (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 170309:

UNHCR 17-02-27:

Poorer countries host most of the forcibly displaced, report shows till sidans topp

According to a new UNHCR study, most of the 3.2 million who were driven from their homes in the first half of 2016 found shelter in low- or middle-income countries.

Conflict, persecution and violence newly uprooted at least 3.2 million people in the first half of last year, and low- and middle-income countries played the greatest role in sheltering the world's displaced, a new report by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, has found.

In the first half of last year, 1.7 million people were newly displaced within their own country, while 1.5 million had crossed an international border, UNHCR's Mid-Year Trends 2016 report shows.

While the numbers of newly displaced were one third lower than during the same period in 2015, when 5 million people were newly displaced, the global total continued to rise. Prospects for displaced people to return to their homes remained slim while conflicts intensified.

More than half the new refugees in the first half of 2016 fled Syria's conflict, with most staying in the immediate region - Turkey, Jordan, Lebanon and Egypt. Other sizable groups fled Iraq, Burundi, Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, Somalia, South Sudan and Sudan.

While smaller in scale than the Syrian crisis, South Sudan's refugee situation continues to grow and affect some of the world's least developed countries - including Sudan, Uganda, Kenya, DRC, CAR, and Ethiopia. At mid-2016, there were a total of 854,200 refugees from South Sudan, a more than eight-fold increase in three years. Numbers grew even further in the second half of 2016.

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Arkiveringsdatum 170224:

UNHCR February 2017:

Mid-Year Trends, June 2016 till sidans topp

/Utdrag ut avsnittet om flyktingar:/

Although the total number of refugees has increased significantly and consistently over the past five years, it is still lower than the number seen in the early 1990s with the historical high of 17.8 million refugees in 1992. from 10.4 million at the end of 2011, the number of refugees has increased steadily to 16.1 million by the end of 2015. this trend continued into 2016 with an increase to 16.5 million refugees by mid-year, nearly 5 million more than seen in the middle of 2013.

The ongoing crisis in Syria continues to account for a significant proportion of newly displaced refugees, with more than half of all new refugees fleeing the conflict in that country. in addition, the outbreak of armed conflict, further deterioration of ongoing ones, or continued human rights abuses in several countries - including Burundi, the Central african Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, iraq, Nigeria, and South Sudan, among others - have displaced new refugees in the first half of 2016.

meanwhile, the number of refugees able to return to their country of origin remains relatively low, especially as a proportion of the increasing refugee population. This indicates that many refugees will continue to reside in exile for years to come. for instance, large numbers of refugees from afghanistan, Somalia, and Sudan remain in exile and are still unable to return home. However, early reports from the second half of 2016 show that there has been a substantial increase in refugees returning to afghanistan.

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Arkiveringsdatum 170214:

IOM 17-02-03:

Mediterranean Migrant Arrivals Reach 5,932, Deaths: 254 till sidans topp

IOM reports that 5,932 migrants and refugees entered Europe by sea in 2017, through 2 February, about 80 percent arriving in Italy and the rest in Greece. This compares with 67,856 through the first 33 days of 2016.

These arrivals do not include 1,340 migrants rescued in Straits of Sicily on Wednesday, who were bound for Italian ports on Thursday night. The 4,480 who landed in Italy before January 31, and the 1,340 en route on Thursday evening, put Italy's total through the year's first five weeks at 5,820 - about the same number of arrivals in Italy as at this point in 2016, and significantly ahead of the 2015 total during the same period.

IOM's Missing Migrants Project reports 254 estimated deaths at sea on various routes, compared with 379 through the first 33 days of 2016. IOM has recorded no Mediterranean fatalities since Sunday, January 29.

The 2017 fatalities figure represents almost a reverse of the pattern of casualties from a year ago, when 90 deaths occurred on the Central Mediterranean Sea route connecting North Africa to Italy and only five deaths occurring off Spain.

In 2016 at this time, 272 deaths were reported on the Eastern route between Turkey and Greece. So far this year it is the Central Mediterranean route with 228 deaths, and Spain, with 25, which account for almost all the fatalities of migrants at sea, with just one reported death off Greece, recorded last month.

Worldwide, 2017 fatalities are around 200 fewer than at this point in 2016. Missing Migrants researchers note that Mediterranean deaths for most of this year were running well ahead of last January's count; however, that changed in January's final week. A year ago three separate tragedies between 28-30 January resulted in the deaths of 150 migrants in the Mediterranean.

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Arkiveringsdatum 170126:

AIDA 17-01-17:

Asylum Statistics 2016: Sharper inequalities and persisting asylum lottery till sidans topp

Asylum statistics for 2016 in key European countries are in the process of being published by national authorities. This article provides an overview of asylum trends, up-to-date as of 24 January 2017.

Available statistics reveal sharper discrepancies in the distribution of refugees across Europe, as well as persisting disparities in the recognition of international protection.

Germany leads reception of asylum seekers

Germany, by far the main destination country last year, registered as many as 745,545 asylum applications. Only 280,000 of those concerned new arrivals, however, while the remainder were formal registrations of protection claims expressed in 2015. Despite a large influx of arrivals, only 476,649 people registered asylum applications in 2015. Until they are formally registered as applicants for international protection, people seeking asylum receive a certificate of "reporting as an asylum seeker" (BÜMA).

An increase in asylum applications compared to 2015 was also reported in Italy and France, where statistics refer to a total 123,482 and 85,244 claims respectively in 2016. Greece also saw a nearly fourfold increase in the number of asylum applications registered.

Most other countries remain far behind Germany and reported a decrease in the number of asylum applications registered last year.

The main nationalities of asylum seekers in 2016 remain Syria, Afghanistan and Iraq. However, France saw mainly applications from nationals of Sudan, Afghanistan and Haiti, while Albania and Eritrea figured in the top three nationalities in the Netherlands.

Protection disparities persist

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Kristy Siegfried, IRIN in Rights in Exile 16-12-31: Migration trends to watch in 2017 (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 170109:

IOM 17-01-06:

Mediterranean migrant arrivals top 363,348 in 2016; Deaths at sea: 5,079 till sidans topp

IOM on Friday (06/01) reported preliminary totals for all 2016 migrant and refugee arrivals to Europe via the Mediterranean Sea, as well as estimated fatalities. Arrival totals were 363,348 split almost evenly between Italy and Greece, with much smaller numbers arriving in Malta, Cyprus and Spain. Fatalities and missing migrants reached at least 5,079 although IOM emphasizes that some incidents reported in the month of December and earlier have not been fully accounted for.

According to IOM's Missing Migrants Project, incidents off Spain, Morocco and Tunisia have been reported whose victim totals could add another 300 or more fatalities to the 2016 total. The year 2016 already is the deadliest for migrants ever recorded by IOM in the region.

The probable addition of several hundred more fatalities recorded in 2016 only deepens the tragedy, said IOM Director General William Lacy Swing, who added, Europe's frustration with a seemingly endless cycle of migrant rescue followed by reports of shipwrecks and more drownings won't end until governments throughout the region find a way to manage migration comprehensively.

"Migrants and refugees aren't coming because they believe their lives will be rescued at sea once they leave Africa or Syria or wherever conflicts drives people to seek safety," Ambassador Swing said. "They're leaving because they believe their lives will be doomed if they stay. The answer lies in finding creative means to permit safe, legal and secure migration, be that through work visas, family reunification or temporary protected status. Instead of doubling down on tactics that don't work, let's use this New Year to try something that's actually new."

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IOM 17-01-06: World fatalities of migrants, refugees approach 7,500 in 2016 as three-year total tops 18,501 (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 161208:

EU-kommissionen 16-12-02:

Migration Data Catalogue and Dynamic Data Hub - EU migration data at a glance till sidans topp

Tomorrow, the European Commission's Knowledge Centre on Migration and Demography (KCMD) will launch two new tools: the Migration Data Catalogue and the Dynamic Data Hub.

Tibor Navracsics, Commissioner for Education, Culture, Youth and Sport, responsible for the Joint Research Centre said: "The European Commission's Agenda on migration sets out to make best use of all tools and involve all actors to tackle the challenge. High quality data is crucial for all those involved to make informed decisions. With a multitude of data sources and a user-friendly interface, the Migration Data Catalogue and the Dynamic Data Hub make finding, accessing and understanding migration data easier. The first big products of the Commission's Knowledge Centre on Migration and Demography, these tools will help manage migration in all its aspects."

The tools will centralise migration related data to better understand migration flows, trends and their impact on societies across the EU. In line with the implementation of the European Agenda on Migration, the Migration Data Catalogue will classify and organise datasets in a series of predefined domains, including legal migration and integration, asylum-seekers and refugees, irregular migration and returns, as well as unaccompanied minors.

Building upon the Migration Data Catalogue, the Dynamic Data Hub - a publicly available web-based application - will provide direct access to single datasets through interactive mapping. Both tools will support the European Commission and interested organisations to formulate data-driven policies. So far, data has been fragmented, which meant that available figures were not used efficiently. More background information is available online.

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Arkiveringsdatum 161123:

Frontex 16-11-15:

Illegal border-crossings drop by more than half in Q2 2016 till sidans topp

The detections of illegal border-crossing at EU's external borders dropped by more than half in the second quarter compared with the same period of 2015. The majority of migrants were detected on the Central Mediterranean route, where more than 51 000 migrants were rescued in international waters and brought to Italy.

On this route, three out of every four migrants departed from Libya, although the share of migrants who set out from Egypt increased to 14%. There were also more departures from Tunisia and Algeria.

Departures from Libya were dominated by migrants from West Africa, especially Nigerians. The Egyptian route was used by migrants from the Horn of Africa, mostly Eritreans and Egyptians.

The Eastern Mediterranean sea route from Turkey to Greece was the second most common entry point to Europe in the second quarter, with some 7 000 arrivals on the Aegean Islands. This represented a 95% drop in comparison with the first three months of this year, when 151 000 of migrants arrived on this route.

The number of irregular border-crossings on the Western Balkan route, mostly a secondary route for migrants who originally arrived in Greece, decreased by 90% between the first and second quarter of 2016 and amounted to 11 000. Afghans accounted for the largest share of the detections.

Between April and July the number of arrested people-smugglers increased by almost 20% to about 3 500, most of them being arrested in Spain.

FRAN Quarterly reports are prepared by the Frontex Risk Analysis Unit to provide a regular overview of irregular migration at the EU's external borders, based on the irregular migration data exchanged among Member State border-control authorities.

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Frontex 16-11-16: Record number of migrants reached Italy in October (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 161015:

Frontex 16-10-10:

European Border and Coast Guard Agency publishes analysis for Western Balkans Q2 till sidans topp

In the second quarter of this year, the number of migrants detected at the borders of Western Balkan countries plunged 88% from the previous three months to 26 488. The figure is slightly higher than in the first quarter of 2015, before the region experienced a massive increase in migrants who had previously arrived on the Greek islands from Turkey. Afghans became the top reported nationality, accounting for a 36% share of the total non-regional migration flow, while Syrians dropped to the second place with 16%.

Meanwhile, in the April-June period the number of people smugglers arrested increased by nearly a fifth from the first quarter to 307.

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Frontex 16-10-11: European Border and Coast Guard Agency publishes Eastern Partnership Risk Analysis Network Quarterly for Q2 (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 160930:

Frontex 16-09-15:

Italy remained under migratory pressure in August till sidans topp

Italy remained under steady migratory pressure as 23 000 migrants arrived there in August, close to the number from the same month of last year.

The total number of migrants detected on the Central Mediterranean route in the first eight months of the year reached 117 900, also close to the figure from the same period of 2015. Libya is by far the main country of departure.

Nigerians continued to account for the largest share of migrants on this route, followed by nationals of Eritrea and Bangladesh.

EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN

The number of migrants detected on the Greek islands in the eastern Aegean remained well below the record levels from last year. In August, the figure dropped to 3 430, down 97% compared to the same month of last year. However, August also saw a first noticeable monthly increase since the EU-Turkey statement came into effect and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia applied stricter border policies at its border with Greece. In July, the number of detections stood at 2 030.

Nationals of Syria, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Iraq accounted for most of the new arrivals in Greece last month.

WESTERN BALKANS

On the Western Balkans route, the number of detections in August roughly reached 1 800 -- just a fraction of the monthly totals from the beginning of the year. Afghanis, Pakistanis and Syrians continued to be the most represented nationalities on this route.

This flow has been further reduced in September after Frontex deployed additional officers to Bulgaria and Hungary instituted stricter controls at its borders.

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Arkiveringsdatum 160831:

World Economic Forum 16-08-16:

4 maps that will change how you see migration in Europe till sidans topp

Did you know that Polish people represent the highest percentage of the foreign-born population in Norway? Or that the largest proportion of immigrants to the Republic of Ireland hail from the UK?

These four maps, created by Jakub Marian, a Czech linguist, mathematician and artist, are based on a 2015 study by the United Nations on international migration. They show European migration split into various numbers:

1. The percentage of the population of each country that is made up of foreign-born migrants

2. The most common country of origin for that number

3. Whether that number has gone up or down in the past five years

4. The immigrant populations that are expanding the most

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IOM 16-08-19:

IOM Libya Releases 5th Mobility Tracking Report till sidans topp

IOM Libya released its fifth Mobility Tracking Report earlier this week (15/8). The report, which tracks mobility patterns, needs and shelter settings of populations on the move in Libya, identified by IOM's Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM), recorded 348,372 internally displaced persons (IDPs), 310,265 returnees and 275,857 migrants in the country.

The most notable changes observed since the previous round of reporting included an increase in the number of returnees to Benghazi, following the reduction of conflict in many districts, as well as growing return movements to Derna, Az Zawiyah, Gwalesh, Sabha, As Sidr and Kikla.

These findings were complemented by a decrease in the number of IDPs identified in Benghazi, Tobruk, Tripoli, Az Zawiyah and Derna.

While 84 percent of IDPs were living in private accommodation, either renting or being hosted by families, the remaining 16 percent were in public areas. These were primarily schools, informal settings (tents, caravans or makeshift shelters) and unfinished buildings.

For the first time the report collected information on the primary needs of IDP households in each community (muhalla). Country-wide aggregated results indicated that non-food relief items (NFIs), medical services and shelter were the most frequently cited needs.

The number of migrants identified in Libya has remained relatively stable, increasing by only 5 percent since the previous round.

Some 79 percent of migrants were living in private housing, 18 percent in public places, including unfinished buildings, tents, caravans and makeshift shelters. Approximately 2 percent were in detention centres. The most frequently reported countries of origin for migrants were Niger, Egypt and Chad.

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IOM 16-08-23:

"Dangerous Journeys": International Migration Increasingly Unsafe in 2016 till sidans topp

As the as the number of migrant deaths worldwide continues to rise significantly, IOM's Missing Migrants Project has recorded 28 per cent more migrant deaths during the first half of 2016 compared with the same period in 2015.

The latest IOM GMDAC Data Briefing, "Dangerous Journeys," released on Tuesday 23 August, was prepared by the International Organization for Migration's Global Migration Data Analysis Centre (GMDAC) in Berlin. It takes an in-depth look at the available global figures for migrant deaths and disappearances during the first half of 2016.

The data collected by Missing Migrants Project indicate that the number of people who go missing or die in the process of migration has increased significantly since 2014, especially in the Mediterranean region. The increase can partly be attributed to improving data collection. However, it also speaks to the level of risk associated with attempting to migrate by irregular means across international borders in 2016, as well as the desperation that motivates people to take these migration journeys.

"In the first six months of 2016, more than 3,700 people went missing or lost their lives during migration around the world," said GMDAC Director Frank Laczko. "This is a 28 per cent increase compared to the same time period in 2015, and a 52 per cent increase for the same time period in 2014."

Dr. Laczko explained this dramatic change can be attributed to a higher number of recorded migrant fatalities in the Mediterranean Sea, North Africa, the Middle East and the Horn of Africa. "Worldwide, the Mediterranean Sea continues to greatly outweigh other regions in terms of the number of people who are recorded missing and/or dead during the process of migration," he said. "Of the recorded deaths from January to June 2016, 78 per cent (2,901) were in the Mediterranean. This compares with 60 per cent during the same period in 2015."

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IOM 16-08-23: Mediterranean Migrant Arrivals Reach 269,244; Deaths at Sea: 3,164 (Extern länk)

Frontex 16-08-26: FRAN Quarterly: Illegal crossings down in the first quarter of 2016 (Extern länk)

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Källor: Informationen på denna sida är hämtad från följande källor (externa länkar): EU (kommissionen, ministerrådet, parlamentet och domstolen), Europarådet (mr-kommissionären, domstolen, kommittén mot tortyr), FN:s flyktingkommissariat UNHCR, FN:s kommitté mot tortyr m.fl. FN-organ, Sveriges Radio, SvT, andra svenska media via Nyhetsfilter och pressmeddelanden via Newsdesk, utländska media till exempel via Are You Syrious och Rights in Exile, internationella organisationer som Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, ECRE, Statewatch och Picum, organisationer i Sverige som Rädda Barnen, Asylrättscentrum, Svenska Amnesty, FARR, #vistårinteut och InfoTorg Juridik (betaltjänst) samt myndigheter och politiska organ som Migrationsverket, Sveriges domstolar, JO, Justitiedepartementet m.fl. departement och Sveriges Riksdag.

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