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Arkivet har startat om och saknar material från perioden 180119 - 180513

Arkiveringsdatum 190826:

UNHCR August 2019:

Gender discrimination and childhood statelessness till sidans topp

Gender discrimination in nationality laws is a root cause of childhood statelessness. Gender-discriminatory policies and practices also contribute to statelessness among children.

Twenty-five countries retain nationality laws that deny women the right to pass their nationality to their children on an equal basis with men. Three countries discriminate against men in terms of their ability to pass their nationality to their children born out of wedlock. These discriminatory laws can render children stateless when they are unable to acquire the nationality of the other parent, which can occur for a variety of reasons.

In some countries, even where women have formal equality before the law with regard to nationality laws, gender-discriminatory policies and practices prevent women from independently accessing birth certificates and identity documentation for their children - documents that are often necessary for children to acquire a nationality.

Children rendered stateless by gender-discriminatory laws and practices are often unable to enjoy a broad range of human rights, including family unity, freedom of movement, and access to education, healthcare, and a range of social services.

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Arkiveringsdatum 190219:

UNHCR 19-02-14:

UNHCR and UNICEF urge action in Europe to end childhood statelessness till sidans topp

UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, and UNICEF, the UN Children's Agency, are calling on States and regional organisations to take urgent action to ensure no child is born, or remains, stateless in Europe.

While there are no precise figures on the total numbers of stateless children, more than half a million people in Europe are estimated to be stateless.

As the overall number of asylum-seeking children in Europe has grown since 2010, with peaks in 2015 and 2016, so has the number of children identified as 'stateless'. In 2017 some 2,100 children were registered as 'stateless', which represented a four-fold increase compared to 2010.

Children without a nationality have limited access to basic rights and services such as education and healthcare and can face life-long discrimination. Lack of official documents can put children at greater risk of experiencing violence, abuse and trafficking, and place them and their families at risk of arrest and detention.

"Life is stacked against a stateless child right from the start. Like all of us, they can dream, and they can hope, but the legal obstacles they face often mean their dreams are dashed before they are adults, and their potential squandered," said Pascale Moreau, UNHCR's Director of the Bureau for Europe.

Three groups of children are particularly affected:

+ Children who are born stateless in Europe. These include children who cannot inherit their parents' nationality due to gender discrimination and gaps in nationality laws, and those who are stateless because their parents are.

+ Children born in Europe whose births are not registered, including children in vulnerable minority populations like the Roma.

+ Children from countries with known stateless populations who come to Europe as refugees and asylum-seekers.

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 181125:

UNHCR November 2018:

Good practices in nationality laws for the prevention and reduction of statelessness till sidans topp

Handbook for Parliamentarians

The problem of statelessness is more widely recognized today than it has been in the recent past, thanks largely to the efforts of Governments, international organizations and non-governmental institutions to call attention to the plight of stateless people and the importance of preventing and reducing statelessness. The Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the UN Agency mandated to address statelessness, have long collaborated on this subject, supporting the ability of Parliaments to reform nationality laws in accordance with international standards designed to help prevent statelessness from arising. To this end, the two organizations jointly issued a first edition of a Handbook for Parliamentarians on Nationality and Statelessness in 2005. A second edition of the handbook was published in 2014, the same year that UNHCR launched the #IBelong Campaign to End Statelessness by 2024. Building on these efforts, UNHCR and the IPU are pleased to issue this new publication, a Handbook for parliamentarians, Good practices in nationality laws for the prevention and reduction of statelessness. It complements the previous publication, which was focused largely on the international framework for the right to a nationality and the technical causes of statelessness. This new handbook offers practical examples of domestic legal provisions that allow States to accomplish the following:

+ Avoid childhood statelessness entirely

+ Eliminate gender discrimination from nationality laws

+ Establish procedures to identify stateless persons and facilitate their naturalization

+ Ensure that any deprivation or loss of nationality does not leave individuals stateless

This handbook also identifies and promotes certain good practices in nationality laws that all States are encouraged to consider.

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Arkiveringsdatum 171110:

UNHCR 17-11-03:

"This is our home" Stateless minorities and their search for citizenship till sidans topp

Publication from UNHCR

Discrimination, exclusion and persecution most commonly describe the existence of stateless minorities. More than 75% of the world's known stateless populations belong to minority groups.

Statelessness can exacerbate the exclusion that minorities already face, further limiting their access to education, health care, legal employment, freedom of movement, development opportunities and the right to vote. It creates a chasm between affected groups and the wider community, deepening their sense of being outsiders: of never belonging.

In May and June 2017, UNHCR spoke with more than 120 individuals who belong to stateless or formerly stateless minority groups in three countries: the Karana of Madagascar, Roma and other ethnic minorities in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, and the Pemba and Makonde of Kenya. These are the key findings of UNHCR's consultations:

Discrimination

Discrimination and exclusion of ethnic, religious or linguistic minority groups often lies at the heart of their statelessness. At the same time, their statelessness can lead to further discrimination, both in in practice and in law: at least 20 countries maintain nationality laws in which nationality can be denied or deprived in a discriminatory manner.

Lack of documentation

Discrimination against the stateless minorities consulted manifests itself most clearly in their attempts to access documentation needed to prove their nationality or their entitlement to nationality, such as a national ID card or a birth certificate. Lack of such documentary proof can result in a vicious circle, where authorities refuse to recognize an otherwise valid claim to nationality.

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 170515:

European Network on Statelessness April 2017:

Protecting stateless persons from arbitrary detention: An agenda for change till sidans topp

This report is the final publication of a three-year project aimed at better understanding the extent and consequences of the detention of stateless persons in Europe, and creating tools and advocating for the protection of stateless persons from arbitrary detention through the application of regional and international standards.

The report makes a series of concrete recommendations in five priority areas for reform, so that law, policy and practice reflect - and apply without discrimination - international human rights standards. We hereby call on states to urgently bring about an end to the arbitrary immigration detention of stateless people in Europe, by:

1. Implementing a range of alternatives to detention in line with international standards and good practice, improving guidance to ensure that statelessness is considered as a relevant factor in all decisions to detain, and that decisions adhere to international standards on the prohibition of arbitrary detention.

2. Developing Statelessness Determination Procedures that meet international standards and good practice, are fully accessible to all those subject to their jurisdiction (including in detention), and which enable states to identify and grant protection to those recognised as stateless.

3 . Putting in place robust mechanisms to protect individuals' rights, respond to vulnerabilities, and exercise the duty to not discriminate, including through prohibiting the detention of children and combatting gender and disability related discrimination.

4. Facilitating integration in the community through providing protection from re-detention, access to basic rights and freedoms for those awaiting determination of their status, and regularisation and a facilitated route to naturalisation for those recognised as stateless.

(...)

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UNHCR 17-04-25:

Identifying stateless persons in the European Union till sidans topp

Intervention by Vincent Cochetel, UNHCR Director of the Bureau for Europe, on the occasion of the meeting of the Strategic Committee on Immigration, Frontiers and Asylum in Brussels, 25 April 2017

/Utdrag:/

Today, I would like to use this opportunity to remind ourselves of the main reasons why it is important to identify stateless persons and the risk of statelessness among refugees and migrants in the EU. You will see that it is important not only because it is in their own interests, but also because it is in the interests of the State. I will also elaborate on the problems we have identified throughout the EU that impede the protection of stateless persons and the prevention of statelessness. And I will finish by sharing some recommendations for EU Member States and the EU to tackle this human rights problem.

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Arkiveringsdatum 170330:

UNHCR 17-03-20:

Ensuring that no child is born stateless till sidans topp

UNHCR is publishing a series of Good Practices Papers to help States, with the support of other stakeholders, achieve the goals of its #IBelong Campaign to End Statelessness by 2024. Each Good Practices Paper corresponds to one of the 10 Actions proposed in UNHCR's Global Action Plan to End Statelessness 2014 - 2024 (Global Action Plan) and highlights examples of how States, UNHCR and other stakeholders have addressed statelessness in a number of countries. Solutions to the problem of statelessness have to be tailored to suit the particular circumstances prevalent in a country. Governments, NGOs, international organizations and UNHCR staff seeking to implement the Global Action Plan will be able to adapt the ideas they find in these pages to their own needs.

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Arkiveringsdatum 170224:

Picum 17-02-17:

Risks of statelessness for children of undocumented parents in Europe till sidans topp

There are a growing number of children born as 'undocumented migrants' in Europe: born to undocumented parents in a region that favours jus sanguinis, rather than acquiring citizenship or a residence status based on birth in the country, they will usually inherit their parents' 'undocumented' status. Children born abroad to undocumented parents as well as undocumented children who migrated with their families or by themselves and reside irregularly in Europe can find themselves at risk of statelessness due specifically to the circumstances which surround their undocumented status.

(...)

To address the risks of statelessness of this growing number of undocumented children in Europe, governments should implement a number of policy reforms.

1. The right to birth registration regardless of the residence status of the child or parents, including a prohibition of refusal, should be explicit in national legislation. There should be minimal administrative requirements (e.g. accepting declared data; possible registration by a third party). Also, equal access to health services, including maternity care, should be provided.

2. There must be a 'firewall': a clear separation of civil registration, services, protection and justice from immigration enforcement through a prohibition on personal data sharing in law and practice (including through issuing guidelines and providing training).

3. Laws that criminalise irregular entry and residence should be revoked.

4. Nationality laws that restrict transmission and acquisition of nationality should be reformed in view of ensuring every child's right to nationality. In particular, there should be no discrimination in nationality (or statelessness determination) laws due to the irregular residence of the child or parent.

5. Governments should develop and implement accessible permanent mechanisms for children of undocumented migrants to regularise their status, on the basis of human rights and reasonable conditions.

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 161221:

UNHCR December 2016:

Mapping statelessness in Sweden till sidans topp

/utdrag:/ Sweden is a party to both the 1954 Convention and the 1961 Convention, as well as the ECN. Furthermore, Sweden has made a political commitment to end statelessness globally. At the Ministerial Intergovernmental Event on Refugees and Stateless Persons convened by UNHCR in December 2011, Sweden was one of the countries that pledged to address statelessness through foreign policy initiatives, and remove its reservations to the 1954 Convention.24

To date, Sweden maintains reservations to Article 8 (exemption from exceptional measures), Article 12(1) (personal status), and Article 24(1)(b) which is accompanied by the following text: "Notwithstanding the rule concerning the treatment of stateless persons as nationals, Sweden will not be bound to accord to stateless persons the same treatment as is accorded to nationals in respect of the possibility of entitlement to a national pension under the provisions of the National Insurance Act (...)

Sweden also maintains its reservation to Article 24(3), and to Article 25(2) with the explanation that "Sweden does not consider itself obliged to cause a Swedish authority, in lieu of a foreign authority, to deliver certificates for the issuance of which there is insuffcient documentation in Sweden."

According to the statistics published by the Swedish Population Register and the SMA, Sweden has a relatively large stateless population, consisting of persons who have migrated to Sweden to seek international protection or stay for other reasons, as well as persons born stateless in Sweden.

During the past five years, Sweden has received between 28,000 and 163,000 asylum applications per year, 25 out of which around 4 per cent to 13 per cent have been lodged by stateless persons (see Table 6 for a breakdown of numbers). Despite this, the issue of statelessness remains largely unknown and unexplored by the national authorities and Swedish civil society.

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Se också:

UNHCR 2016: What is Statelessness? (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 161208:

Riksdagen 16-11-23:

Skriftlig fråga: Dansk förfrågan om 1961 års konvention om begränsning av statslöshet till sidans topp

Fråga 2016/17:333 av Christina Höj Larsen (V)

Efter det att antalet asylsökande i Europa ökat kraftigt under 2015 har EU och flera stater inom unionen drivit en alltmer restriktiv migrationspolitik. EU-kommissionen har producerat ett stort antal lagförslag med syfte att göra det svårare att komma till Europa och få asyl inom unionen. De internationella konventioner som skyddar rättigheterna för människor på flykt är alltjämt en viktig garant för att utvecklingen inte går för fort. Nu ser vi flera ifrågasättanden av dessa konventioner, bland annat från den danska regeringen.

När det danska folketingets invandrings-, integrations- och bostadskommitté nyligen sammanträdde meddelade integrations- och bostadsminister Inger Støjberg att den danska regeringen vill få till ändringar i konventionen om begränsning av statslöshet (The 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness). Ministern berättade att den danska regeringen under sommaren 2016 har vänt sig till nio andra stater med förfrågan om de också vill se en ändring av konventionen.

Ministern vägrade att avslöja vilka länder som varit tillfrågade och hur de hade reagerat på den danska frågan med hänvisning till dessa länders intressen. Med tanke på Sveriges och Danmarks nära samarbeten på ett flertal områden och att migrationsfrågor är ett område som fordrar samarbete mellan grannländer har vi goda anledningar att anta att Sverige tillhör de tillfrågade staterna.

Mot denna bakgrund vill jag fråga justitie- och migrationsminister Morgan Johansson:

Har ministern eller någon annan del av regeringen under 2016 mottagit förfrågan från den danska regeringen om en önskan att förändra 1961 års konvention om begränsning av statslöshet, eller tolkningen av den, och kan ministern i så fall redogöra för den svenska regeringens svar?

Svar på frågan av Justitie- och migrationsminister Morgan Johansson (S) (Extern länk)

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Källor: Informationen på denna sida är hämtad från följande källor (externa länkar): EU (kommissionen, ministerrådet, parlamentet och domstolen), Europarådet (mr-kommissionären, domstolen, kommittén mot tortyr), FN:s flyktingkommissariat UNHCR, FN:s kommitté mot tortyr m.fl. FN-organ, Sveriges Radio, SvT, andra svenska media via Nyhetsfilter och pressmeddelanden via Newsdesk, utländska media till exempel via Are You Syrious och Rights in Exile, internationella organisationer som Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, ECRE, Statewatch och Picum, organisationer i Sverige som Rädda Barnen, Asylrättscentrum, Svenska Amnesty, FARR, #vistårinteut och InfoTorg Juridik (betaltjänst) samt myndigheter och politiska organ som Migrationsverket, Sveriges domstolar, JO, Justitiedepartementet m.fl. departement och Sveriges Riksdag.

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